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Abbreviation: IB
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
immunoblotting
(155 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(33 times)
ELISA (29 times)
IIF (19 times)
IF (15 times)
1985 Human immune response to cytomegalovirus structural polypeptides studied by immunoblotting.
infectious bronchitis
(147 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(95 times)
IBV (48 times)
ND (30 times)
HI (11 times)
1971 Infection of day-old chicks with infectious bronchitis (IB) virus and subsequent anatomical abnormalities.
ipratropium bromide
(89 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(39 times)
COPD (8 times)
MDI (6 times)
IC (5 times)
1983 [Pharmacological prevention of exercise-induced bronchospasm: review of the literature and trial of disodium cromoglycate, fenoterol and ipratropium bromide in a pediatric population].
integrated backscatter
(87 times)
Cardiology
(40 times)
IVUS (12 times)
CVIB (7 times)
CV (6 times)
1985 A relationship between ultrasonic integrated backscatter and myocardial contractile function.
ibuprofen
(83 times)
Pharmacology
(28 times)
IM (5 times)
AC (4 times)
CBZ (4 times)
1982 [Effects of protizinic acid on the prostaglandins system and the production of oxygen radicals].
immunoblot
(82 times)
Microbiology
(12 times)
ELISA (13 times)
EIA (9 times)
IIF (5 times)
1990 SIV, STLV-I and type D retrovirus antibodies in captive rhesus macaques and immunoblot reactivity to SIV p27 in human and rhesus monkey sera.
inclusion bodies
(73 times)
Biotechnology
(21 times)
BIBDAV (3 times)
BIBD (2 times)
bp (2 times)
1978 Hyperthermia and host-cell reactivation of adenovirus 12.
intrinsic bursting
(49 times)
Neurology
(36 times)
RS (39 times)
FS (13 times)
AP (4 times)
1989 Synchronized excitation and inhibition driven by intrinsically bursting neurons in neocortex.
inattentional blindness
(31 times)
Psychology
(20 times)
AB (2 times)
WMC (2 times)
AR (1 time)
2007 Executive working memory load induces inattentional blindness.
10  intermediate band
(21 times)
Nanotechnology
(5 times)
EB (2 times)
LAD (2 times)
MB (2 times)
1995 Airway responsiveness and bronchial-wall thickness in asthma with or without fixed airflow obstruction.
11  immersed boundary
(15 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
FE (2 times)
FSI (2 times)
CMR (1 time)
2004 Modelling chorded prosthetic mitral valves using the immersed boundary method.
12  Iberian
(14 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
PD (3 times)
FA (2 times)
ME (2 times)
2011 Nutrient and energy retention in weaned Iberian piglets fed diets with different protein concentrations.
13  indenestrol B
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
IA (12 times)
DES (9 times)
ER (3 times)
1985 Diethylstilbestrol metabolites and analogs. Biochemical probes for differential stimulation of uterine estrogen responses.
14  ion beam
(13 times)
Optics and Photonics
(6 times)
LC (6 times)
EO (3 times)
XPS (3 times)
2005 Novel alignment mechanism of liquid crystal on a hydrogenated amorphous silicon oxide.
15  intermittent bolus
(12 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(4 times)
CI (7 times)
CVVH (2 times)
AUBC (1 time)
1985 A comparative randomized trial of vinca alkaloids in patients with metastatic breast carcinoma.
16  internal browning
(11 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
PPO (4 times)
ABA (2 times)
CI (2 times)
2010 Effects of heat treatment on internal browning and membrane fatty acid in loquat fruit in response to chilling stress.
17  interstitial brachytherapy
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
APBI (2 times)
DHI (2 times)
EBRT (2 times)
1992 Comprehensive management including interstitial brachytherapy for locally advanced or recurrent gynecologic malignancies.
18  iBond
(9 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
GB (3 times)
OS (3 times)
AD (2 times)
2006 Microleakage after thermocycling of 4 etch and rinse and 3 self-etch adhesives with and without a flowable composite lining.
19  imipramine binding
(8 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
DZ (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
MOCI (1 time)
1986 Effect of adrenalectomy and corticosterone on [3H]imipramine binding in rat blood platelets and brain.
20  immunoblot assay
(8 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(3 times)
ELISA (3 times)
HHV-6 (3 times)
HHV-7 (2 times)
1989 Absence of human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I coinfection in human immunodeficiency virus-infected hemophilic men.
21  indirect bilirubin
(8 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
DB (5 times)
TB (5 times)
AST (3 times)
1989 Clinical significance of serum and cerebro spinal fluid bilirubin indices in neonatal jaundice.
22  immunobead
(7 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(5 times)
Ig (2 times)
ANAE (1 time)
ARCT (1 time)
1983 Monocyte function in idiopathic nephrotic syndrome in childhood.
23  infectious burden
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CMV (2 times)
NOMAS (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2007 The effects of metabolic syndrome versus infectious burden on inflammation, severity of coronary atherosclerosis, and major adverse cardiovascular events.
24  initial burst
(7 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
SS (2 times)
AP (1 time)
aPVT (1 time)
1980 [Rate of occurrence and reproducibility of the initial burst of frequency of muscle spindle receptors].
25  intentional binding
(7 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
SoA (2 times)
pre-SMA (1 time)
tDCS (1 time)
2012 Mine is Earlier than Yours: Causal Beliefs Influence the Perceived Time of Action Effects.
26  intrabursal
(7 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
PKA (2 times)
Am (1 time)
CL (1 time)
1979 Response of susceptible versus immune chicks to killed, live-modified, and wild infectious bursal disease virus vaccines.
27  intragastric balloon
(7 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
AGB (1 time)
co (1 time)
DJBL (1 time)
2007 [Minimally invasive treatment of obesity with the intragastric balloon: a review].
28  isosulfan blue
(7 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
SLN (2 times)
AIT (1 time)
DLN (1 time)
2000 Isosulfan blue affects pulse oximetry.
29  immunoblastic
(6 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
CB (4 times)
CB-Poly (1 time)
CCCA (1 time)
1983 Distinctive clinical features between lymphoblastic and immunoblastic non-Hodgkin's malignant lymphomas (Kiel's classification) in a series of 141 patients.
30  immunoblotting technique
(6 times)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
ELISA (3 times)
AAB (1 time)
AFA (1 time)
1987 Virus-specific serum IgG, IgM, and IgA antibodies in cytomegalovirus mononucleosis patients as determined by immunoblotting technique.
31  incapacity benefit
(6 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
DWP (2 times)
LTSA (1 time)
SDA (1 time)
2006 Preventing incapacity in people with musculoskeletal disorders.
32  inhibin B
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
FSH (3 times)
HH (2 times)
AMH (1 time)
2006 Hormonal control of inhibin B in men.
33  ibandronate
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
ATP (1 time)
ATP-CVA (1 time)
BD (1 time)
2001 Ibandronate decreases bone disease development and osteoclast stimulatory activity in an in vivo model of human myeloma.
34  ibotenic acid
(5 times)
Brain
(2 times)
DA (2 times)
KA (2 times)
AChE (1 time)
1988 Lateral hypothalamic feeding mechanisms: iontophoretic effects of kainic acid, ibotenic acid and 6-hydroxydopamine.
35  ictal bradycardia
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
HR (3 times)
IT (2 times)
ABR (1 time)
2009 Potentially life-threatening ictal bradycardia in intractable epilepsy.
36  idiopathic bronchiolitis
(5 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
CF (2 times)
DPB (2 times)
CB (1 time)
2003 Idiopathic bronchiolitis mimicking diffuse panbronchiolitis.
37  image-based
(5 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
AMI (1 time)
CNR (1 time)
EPI (1 time)
2003 Object-based connectedness facilitates matching.
38  imipramine blue
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
AML (1 time)
CML (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2012 Anti-invasive adjuvant therapy with imipramine blue enhances chemotherapeutic efficacy against glioma.
39  impedance baseline
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
AET (3 times)
GERD (2 times)
MII-pH (2 times)
2012 Impedance baseline and reflux perception in responder and non-responder non-erosive reflux disease patients.
40  information bottleneck
(5 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
fMRI (1 time)
2004 Feature characterization in fMRI data: the Information Bottleneck approach.
41  infrainguinal bypass
(5 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
CLI (3 times)
CI (2 times)
HR (2 times)
1997 Functional outcome after infrainguinal bypass for limb salvage.
42  Inoue balloon
(5 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
MVA (4 times)
PMV (3 times)
DB (2 times)
1996 Immediate and long-term results of balloon mitral commissurotomy for rheumatic mitral stenosis: comparison between Inoue and double-balloon techniques.
43  internal bond
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
MOE (5 times)
MOR (4 times)
PMDI (2 times)
2008 Optimization of processing variables in wood-rubber composite panel manufacturing technology.
44  islet-brain
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
JIP (2 times)
JNK (2 times)
GT (1 time)
2001 Cell-permeable peptide inhibitors of JNK: novel blockers of beta-cell death.
45  ibutilide
(4 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
AF (3 times)
SR (2 times)
AFL (1 time)
2001 Ibutilide: efficacy and safety in atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter in a general cardiology practice.
46  imitation behaviour
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
UB (3 times)
bvFTD (1 time)
ED (1 time)
1986 Human autonomy and the frontal lobes. Part I: Imitation and utilization behavior: a neuropsychological study of 75 patients.
47  immunoblot analysis
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
AQP2 (1 time)
ATL (1 time)
CE (1 time)
1989 A novel EBV-related nucleo-cytoplasmic antigen in a null cell-line (HLN-STL-C) reactive to antibodies in the sera from patients with Sjogren's syndrome.
48  immunomagnetic beads
(4 times)
Immunity
(1 time)
ABMT (1 time)
ACS (1 time)
BM (1 time)
1993 Elevated plasma prostaglandin E2 levels found in 14 patients undergoing autologous bone marrow or stem cell transplantation.
49  insulin binding
(4 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
EST (1 time)
IGFBPs (1 time)
IRKA (1 time)
1983 Inhibitor of insulin binding to erythrocytes in plasma of uremic patients.
50  intercellular bridges
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
CMBs (1 time)
CR (1 time)
MF (1 time)
1983 [Effect of penicillin and the habitat medium in the body of bacterial carriers on the intercellular bonds in populations of the meningococcus and pertussis microbe].
51  internal bond strength
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
MOE (4 times)
MOR (4 times)
TS (4 times)
2006 Ensiling corn stover: effect of feedstock preservation on particleboard performance.
52  International Baccalaureate
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
AP (2 times)
DP (1 time)
MYP (1 time)
2002 Advanced high school biology in an era of rapid change: a summary of the biology panel report from the NRC Committee on Programs for Advanced Study of Mathematics and Science in American High Schools.
53  intrabone
(4 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
BM (1 time)
CBT (1 time)
HCT (1 time)
2010 Contact with the bone marrow microenvironment readdresses the fate of transplanted hematopoietic stem cells.
54  intravitreal bevacizumab
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
BCVA (3 times)
CNV (2 times)
AS (1 time)
2008 Vitritis in the contralateral uninjected eye following intravitreal bevacizumab (Avastin).
55  inverse-Bremsstrahlung
(4 times)
Physics
(3 times)
MD (2 times)
Al (1 time)
Ar (1 time)
2004 Molecular-dynamic calculation of the inverse-bremsstrahlung heating of non-weakly-coupled plasmas.
56  Investigator's Brochure
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
CTAs (1 time)
MAAs (1 time)
1999 [An evaluation of non-clinical animal data from the point of view of a clinical pharmacologist].
57  isobutylene
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
DFT (1 time)
DIB (1 time)
DTE (1 time)
2005 Controlled delivery of paclitaxel from stent coatings using poly(hydroxystyrene-b-isobutylene-b-hydroxystyrene) and its acetylated derivative.
58  2-iodo-benzoate
(3 times)
Crystallography
(3 times)
NA (2 times)
2012 Tetra-kis(mu-2-iodo-benzoato-kappa(2)O:O')bis-[aqua-copper(II)].
59  I Bond
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
AS (1 time)
ECTs (1 time)
2005 Bond strengths of eight contemporary adhesives to enamel and to dentine: an in vitro study on bovine primary teeth.
60  ileal bypass
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
BA (2 times)
BF (1 time)
NS (1 time)
1976 The effect of ileal bypass on sterol balance and plasma cholesterol in the White Carneau pigeon.
61  imbalanced biallelic
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
BB (3 times)
MO (2 times)
SP-D (2 times)
2002 Heterogeneous allele expression of pulmonary SP-D gene in rat large intestine and other tissues.
62  immunoblastic lymphoma
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
NHL (2 times)
ALL (1 time)
CB (1 time)
1980 [Malignant and benign lymphomas: histologic classification and immunomorphologic studies. Results of 838 cases].
63  Imperva Bond
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
CB (1 time)
DBS (1 time)
FB (1 time)
1996 Repair of Cerec porcelain with seven different systems.
64  incisional biopsy
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CNB (1 time)
FNA (1 time)
FS (1 time)
2010 Current pathology work-up of extremity soft tissue sarcomas, evaluation of the validity of different techniques.
65  indirect bypass
(3 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
DB (2 times)
MMD (2 times)
mRS (2 times)
1997 Long-term results of surgically treated moyamoya disease.
66  individual-based
(3 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
SQPV (1 time)
2006 Disease threats posed by alien species: the role of a poxvirus in the decline of the native red squirrel in Britain.
67  Infant botulism
(3 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
AFLP (1 time)
BIG (1 time)
BoNT (1 time)
2001 Infant botulism: case reports and review.
68  inhibitory B
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
Ab (1 time)
ALI (1 time)
COX (1 time)
2006 The metabolite generated by dipeptidyl-peptidase 4 metabolism of glucagon-like peptide-1 has no influence on plasma glucose levels in patients with type 2 diabetes.
69  innovator brand
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
BP (1 time)
HAI (1 time)
IRPs (1 time)
2007 Evaluating drug prices, availability, affordability, and price components: implications for access to drugs in Malaysia.
70  Instituto Butantan
(3 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
CIE (1 time)
CRIE (1 time)
EMA (1 time)
1995 Hyperimmune antirabies sera titration by standard mouse neutralization and counterimmunoelectrophoresis tests, comparing results of different laboratories.
71  integrated boost
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CN (1 time)
DVH (1 time)
EUD (1 time)
2009 Dose-escalation using intensity-modulated radiotherapy for prostate cancer--evaluation of the dose distribution with and without 18F-choline PET-CT detected simultaneous integrated boost.
72  integrin beta
(3 times)
Zoology
(2 times)
LGBP (2 times)
PX (2 times)
AK (1 time)
2010 White shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei that had received the hot-water extract of Spirulina platensis showed earlier recovery in immunity and up-regulation of gene expressions after pH stress.
73  interband
(3 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
AuBPs (1 time)
IFs (1 time)
IS (1 time)
1982 Replication in Drosophila chromosomes. VII. Influence of prolonged larval life on patterns of replication in polytene chromosomes of Drosophila melanogaster.
74  interbody
(3 times)
Virology
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
PEEK (1 time)
SPF (1 time)
2010 The mechanical effect of commercially pure titanium and polyetheretherketone rods on spinal implants at the operative and adjacent levels.
75  internal bremsstrahlung
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
KUB (1 time)
SVD (1 time)
2014 Studies of internal bremsstrahlung spectrum of (35)S beta emitter in the photon energy region of 1-100 keV.
76  intestinal bypass
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DAG (1 time)
DS (1 time)
LI (1 time)
1994 Calcium reduces the increased fecal 1,2-sn-diacylglycerol content in intestinal bypass patients: a possible mechanism for altering colonic hyperproliferation.
77  intrabreath
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
SGRQ (2 times)
exNO (1 time)
GOLD (1 time)
2003 Advantages of the intrabreath technique as a measure of lung function before and after heart transplantation.
78  isobaric bupivacaine
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
HB (2 times)
IR (1 time)
SA (1 time)
1990 [Evaluation of abdominal motor blockade using surface integrated electromyography during bupivacaine spinal anesthesia].
79  iberin
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
GI (1 time)
GR (1 time)
KLF4 (1 time)
2009 Involvement of KLF4 in sulforaphane- and iberin-mediated induction of p21(waf1/cip1).
80  iBond Self-Etch
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
AHO (1 time)
BF (1 time)
C3S (1 time)
2011 Enamel margin integrity of Class I one-bottle all-in-one adhesives-based restorations.
81  Ibulocydine
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
MMP (2 times)
HCC (1 time)
RT (1 time)
2014 Ibulocydine sensitizes human cancers to radiotherapy by induction of mitochondria-mediated apoptosis.
82  iliopsoas bursitis
(2 times)
Muscles
(1 time)
HOA (1 time)
VAS (1 time)
2012 Prevalence study of iliopsoas bursitis in a cohort of 860 patients affected by symptomatic hip osteoarthritis.
83  illness behavior
(2 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
HA (1 time)
HADS (1 time)
HH (1 time)
1999 The Illness Attitude Scales in chest pain patients: a study of psychometric properties.
84  immune-boosted
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
IM (1 time)
Thio (1 time)
1979 Macrophage oxygen-dependent antimicrobial activity. II. The role of oxygen intermediates.
85  immunoblot test
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
ARCT (1 time)
EM (1 time)
MAR (1 time)
1988 The indirect mixed antiglobulin reaction test using a commercially available kit for the detection of antisperm antibodies in serum.
86  impregnated bednets
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
NIB (2 times)
2003 Evaluation of protective efficacy of K-OTAB impregnated bednets for cutaneous leishmaniasis control in Southeast Anatolia-Turkey.
87  in-battle group
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
AIA (2 times)
POWs (2 times)
PTSD (2 times)
2008 Post-traumatic stress disorder among wives of Kuwaiti veterans of the first Gulf War.
88  inbred
(2 times)
Parasites
(1 time)
NIB (1 time)
RB (1 time)
REL (1 time)
1989 Rate of reproductive involution following either exposure to short days or daily administration of melatonin is faster in inbred than in random-bred female Syrian hamsters.
89  incidence-based
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EAC (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
NCI (1 time)
2013 Trends in esophageal adenocarcinoma incidence and mortality.
90  incomplete block
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
MET (1 time)
PF (1 time)
RCB (1 time)
2004 Advantage of single-trial models for response to selection in wheat breeding multi-environment trials.
91  increased blinking
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
BoNT (1 time)
BR (1 time)
BSDI (1 time)
2012 Increased fibrinolysis increases bleeding in orthopedic patients receiving prophylactic fondaparinux.
92  infectious bronchitis virus
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
IBD (2 times)
EDS (1 time)
NCD (1 time)
1996 Divergent antibody responses to vaccines and divergent body weights of chicken lines selected for high and low humoral responsiveness to sheep red blood cells.
93  inferior bulbar
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
TB (2 times)
GC (1 time)
IC (1 time)
1990 Conjunctival cytologic features of primary Sjogren's syndrome.
94  infinite basis
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
CBS (1 time)
DHDF (1 time)
2005 Infinite-basis calculations of binding energies for the hydrogen bonded and stacked tetramers of formic acid and formamide and their use for validation of hybrid DFT and ab initio methods.
95  inflammatory burden
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
ACR (1 time)
AMR (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2012 eHealth: individualisation of infliximab treatment and disease course via a self-managed web-based solution in Crohn’s disease.
96  informational booklet
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CM (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
ET (1 time)
2013 The role of fear of movement in subacute whiplash-associated disorders grades I and II.
97  Insall-Burstein
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
IS (1 time)
MBK (1 time)
NG (1 time)
2001 Patella resurfacing in total knee replacement: functional evaluation and complications.
98  instance-based
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
AUC (1 time)
k-NNC (1 time)
PEL-C (1 time)
2005 Applying instance-based techniques to prediction of final outcome in acute stroke.
99  intake/balance
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
DLW (2 times)
EE (2 times)
1993 Validation of doubly labeled water for measurement of caloric expenditure in collegiate swimmers.
100  integrated backscatter analysis
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
DCM (1 time)
FI (1 time)
m-IB (1 time)
1993 Left ventricular volume calculation with integrated backscatter from echocardiography.