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Abbreviation: IC
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
immune complexes
(1285 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(614 times)
SLE (107 times)
RA (72 times)
RF (55 times)
1975 [Circulating immune complexes in man; precipitation of immune complexes with polyethylene glycol and their characterization by Clq bound to immunoglobulins].
inferior colliculus
(1209 times)
Neurology
(541 times)
AC (83 times)
CN (71 times)
MGB (61 times)
1969 Echo-location and evoked potentials of bats after ablation of inferior colliculus.
ion chromatography
(728 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(320 times)
ICP-MS (50 times)
HPLC (29 times)
CE (22 times)
1986 Comparison of ion chromatography and neutron activation analysis for the microdetermination of Na+ and K+ in muscle.
interstitial cystitis
(659 times)
Urology
(370 times)
BPS (42 times)
VAS (23 times)
PPS (22 times)
1976 Electron microscopic and histological findings on urinary bladder epithelium in interstitial cystitis.
intermittent claudication
(496 times)
Vascular Diseases
(252 times)
PAD (160 times)
CLI (76 times)
ABI (55 times)
1975 The smoking habits of men with intermittent claudication.
inspiratory capacity
(402 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(251 times)
COPD (118 times)
FVC (63 times)
TLC (61 times)
1975 Effects of expiratory threshold loading during steady-state exercise.
induction chemotherapy
(277 times)
Neoplasms
(195 times)
OS (109 times)
CCRT (66 times)
NPC (59 times)
1992 Intensive combined therapy for previously untreated aggressive myeloma.
intracoronary
(267 times)
Cardiology
(183 times)
PCI (44 times)
STEMI (28 times)
FFR (24 times)
1977 Nitroglycerin and propranolol on myocardial O2 consumption during myocardial ischemia.
insular cortex
(258 times)
Neurology
(121 times)
CTA (53 times)
Bla (35 times)
LTP (21 times)
1992 Hypothalamic and cortical sympathetic responses relay in the medulla of the rat.
10  indirect calorimetry
(257 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(111 times)
REE (113 times)
EE (56 times)
ICU (22 times)
1990 A randomized trial of indirect calorimetry-based feedings in thermal injury.
11  invasive candidiasis
(203 times)
Microbiology
(56 times)
ICU (24 times)
IA (20 times)
CI (14 times)
0 Nosocomial candidemia in the Czech Republic in 2012-2015: results of a microbiological multicentre study.
12  integrated circuit
(194 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(38 times)
CMOS (22 times)
CMUT (7 times)
MEMS (7 times)
1979 Optical measurement of the IC photomask pattern area.
13  intracranial
(193 times)
Neoplasms
(45 times)
EC (21 times)
i.p (20 times)
s.c (19 times)
1975 Cephalic angiotensin receptors mediating drinking to systemic angiotensin II.
14  inhibitory concentration
(147 times)
Radiology
(30 times)
NIC (18 times)
DECT (15 times)
AP (13 times)
1983 Contrast enhancement pharmacokinetics of six ionic and nonionic contrast media.
15  infection control
(136 times)
Communicable Diseases
(63 times)
TB (18 times)
HCWs (11 times)
ICP (5 times)
1993 How to cost and fund an infection control programme.
16  information component
(135 times)
Drug Therapy
(32 times)
ROR (40 times)
PRR (18 times)
ADRs (12 times)
1976 Inflammatory cells in solid murine neoplasms. I. Tumor disaggregation and identification of constituent inflammatory cells.
17  informed consent
(134 times)
Medicine
(26 times)
RCTs (4 times)
IRB (3 times)
PIs (3 times)
1987 Regulatory overview: protection of human subjects--IRBS and informed consent.
18  internal conversion
(131 times)
Chemistry
(108 times)
ISC (40 times)
ICT (12 times)
TDDFT (9 times)
2002 Sensitization of singlet oxygen via encounter complexes and via exciplexes of pipi* triplet excited sensitizers and oxygen.
19  indeterminate colitis
(126 times)
Gastroenterology
(87 times)
UC (110 times)
CD (106 times)
IBD (84 times)
1984 Quantitative evaluation of two distinct cell populations expressing HLA-DR antigens in normal human epidermis.
20  internal capsule
(123 times)
Neurology
(55 times)
FA (29 times)
DTI (24 times)
CC (22 times)
1976 Taste pathways to hypothalamus and amygdala.
21  intracellular
(121 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(18 times)
EC (35 times)
TM (8 times)
PBMCs (6 times)
1971 Intracellular concentrations of sodium, potassium and chloride in the lactating mammary gland and their relation to the secretory mechanism.
22  internal control
(111 times)
Microbiology
(31 times)
PCR (12 times)
RT-PCR (10 times)
RT (5 times)
1987 In vitro intestinal microflora-mediated metabolism of biliary metabolites from 1-nitropyrene-treated rats.
23  inhibitory control
(109 times)
Psychology
(41 times)
WM (16 times)
EF (9 times)
fMRI (6 times)
2001 Individual differences in inhibitory control and children's theory of mind.
24  intermediate compartment
(109 times)
Cell Biology
(32 times)
ER (19 times)
HC (6 times)
LC (5 times)
1979 Cerebellar corticonuclear fibers of the dorsal culminate lobule (anterior lobe--lobule V) in a prosimian primate, Galago senegalensis.
25  initial contact
(93 times)
Orthopedics
(25 times)
ACL (17 times)
TO (13 times)
vGRF (7 times)
1999 Endurance training and bone metabolism in middle-aged rats.
26  impression cytology
(84 times)
Ophthalmology
(65 times)
LSCD (7 times)
OSDI (7 times)
BUT (5 times)
1989 Diagnostic impression cytology for external eye disease.
27  independent component
(84 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
ICA (41 times)
EEG (21 times)
fMRI (8 times)
1998 Forming independent components via temporal locking of reconstruction architectures: a functional model of the hippocampus.
28  ischemic colitis
(84 times)
Gastroenterology
(35 times)
CI (9 times)
OR (9 times)
IBS (4 times)
1996 Ischemic colitis complicating abdominal aortic aneurysm surgery in the U.S. veteran.
29  inorganic carbon
(76 times)
Environmental Health
(47 times)
TOC (13 times)
TC (9 times)
EC (7 times)
2000 Determination of nitrate and other water quality parameters in groundwater from UV/Vis spectra employing partial least squares regression.
30  ileal conduit
(75 times)
Urology
(44 times)
RC (32 times)
NB (18 times)
HRQoL (10 times)
1991 Assessment of the long-term results of ileocecal conduit urinary diversion.
31  intermittent catheterization
(73 times)
Neurology
(28 times)
SCI (21 times)
UTI (13 times)
NLUTD (6 times)
1988 Residual urine volumes in patients with spinal cord injury: measurement with a portable ultrasound instrument.
32  ionization chamber
(73 times)
Biophysics
(43 times)
QA (8 times)
IMRT (7 times)
MC (7 times)
1997 Proton beam dosimetry: a comparison between the Faraday cup and an ionization chamber.
33  indigo carmine
(71 times)
Environmental Health
(20 times)
XRD (10 times)
SEM (7 times)
CR (4 times)
1993 Methylene blue but not indigo carmine is toxic to human luteal cells in vitro.
34  imprinting center
(70 times)
Genetics, Medical
(35 times)
PWS (31 times)
AS (25 times)
BWS (6 times)
1995 Inherited microdeletions in the Angelman and Prader-Willi syndromes define an imprinting centre on human chromosome 15.
35  immune cells
(69 times)
Neoplasms
(38 times)
TC (45 times)
PD-L1 (34 times)
IHC (15 times)
2015 Characterization of Peripheral Immune Cell Subsets in Patients with Acute and Chronic Cerebrovascular Disease: A Case-Control Study.
36  interventional cardiology
(64 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(20 times)
CA (10 times)
DAP (9 times)
IR (8 times)
2001 Patient dose related to the complexity of interventional cardiology procedures.
37  interstitial cells
(57 times)
Cell Biology
(13 times)
IHC (3 times)
PG (3 times)
ULP (3 times)
1975 Histophysiology of the vegetative peripheral nervous system of skin.
38  invasive carcinoma
(55 times)
Neoplasms
(22 times)
DCIS (27 times)
CIS (13 times)
HGD (7 times)
1993 Lobular carcinoma in situ of the female breast. Short-term results of a prospective nationwide study. The Danish Breast Cancer Cooperative Group.
39  integrated care
(54 times)
Medicine
(12 times)
UC (11 times)
COPD (6 times)
PTSD (4 times)
2004 [An integral chip for the multiphase pulse-duration modulation used for voltage changer in biomedical microprocessor systems].
40  immunocytochemistry
(51 times)
Cell Biology
(15 times)
BM (6 times)
FNA (5 times)
WB (5 times)
1990 Cholecystokinin-like immunoreactivity in the dorsal horn of the rat spinal cord: an attempt to analyse contradictory results between immunocytochemistry and radioimmunoassay.
41  intensive care
(44 times)
Medicine
(10 times)
CC (3 times)
CI (2 times)
COVID-19 (2 times)
1989 Central anticholinergic syndrome (CAS) in anesthesia and intensive care.
42  inclusion complex
(43 times)
Chemistry
(16 times)
beta-CD (9 times)
HP-beta-CD (7 times)
CD (6 times)
1999 Study of the binding in an aqueous medium of inclusion complexes of several cyclodextrins involving fenoprofen calcium.
43  intracavernous
(42 times)
Urology
(24 times)
ED (12 times)
ICP (6 times)
ADSCs (4 times)
1987 Penile pharmacocavernosography and cavernosometry in the evaluation of impotence.
44  imprint cytology
(41 times)
Neoplasms
(16 times)
FS (11 times)
SLN (10 times)
SN (4 times)
1999 Intraoperative examination of the sentinel lymph node for breast carcinoma staging.
45  intercalated cells
(41 times)
Physiology
(23 times)
PC (17 times)
CCD (11 times)
CD (8 times)
1985 Functional differentiation of cell types of cortical collecting duct.
46  isolated condition
(41 times)
Psychopharmacology
(11 times)
EC (28 times)
SC (14 times)
CPP (4 times)
1978 A stereological ultrastructural study of peritoneal macrophages from germ-free and conventionally-reared mice.
47  inactive carrier
(40 times)
Gastroenterology
(18 times)
HBV (22 times)
CHB (18 times)
IT (14 times)
2004 Non-sequencing molecular approaches to identify preS2-defective hepatitis B virus variants proved to be associated with severe liver diseases.
48  iliac crest
(38 times)
Orthopedics
(14 times)
ASIS (5 times)
MSCs (4 times)
VB (4 times)
1988 Age-related changes in cancellous bone structure. A two-dimensional study in the transiliac and iliac crest biopsy sites.
49  intracardiac
(37 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
i.p (3 times)
i.t (3 times)
IM (3 times)
1975 The erythrocyte transport and transfer of methylmercury to the tissues of the rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri).
50  ischemic cardiomyopathy
(37 times)
Cardiology
(18 times)
LV (7 times)
IDC (5 times)
CMR (3 times)
1985 [Existence of asymptomatic changes in left ventricular function in the diabetic. Noninvasive study].
51  infectious complications
(33 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
BI (4 times)
IFD (4 times)
LOS (4 times)
1991 [Infectious-inflammatory complications in patients after transplantation of the kidney].
52  intensive chemotherapy
(32 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
AML (19 times)
OS (10 times)
QOL (6 times)
1982 Management of leukaemia-associated disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC).
53  intercellular communication
(31 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
GJs (4 times)
MS (4 times)
TPA (4 times)
1985 Effects of a teratogen on [3H]uridine nucleotide transfer between human embryonal cells and on gap junctions.
54  immunocompromised
(29 times)
Communicable Diseases
(5 times)
HZ (6 times)
ICU (3 times)
NIC (3 times)
1996 Rapid diagnosis of respiratory syncytial virus infections in immunocompromised adults.
55  intercalated
(29 times)
Nephrology
(8 times)
CD (6 times)
CA (5 times)
CCD (5 times)
1977 Sulfide silver architectonics of rat, cat, and guinea pig spinal cord. A light microscopic study with Timm's method for demonstration of heavy metals.
56  Impedance cardiography
(28 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
CO (13 times)
SV (12 times)
HR (4 times)
1981 Influence of respiration on stroke volume determined by impedance cardiography.
57  ischemic cholangiopathy
(28 times)
Transplantation
(14 times)
DCD (20 times)
DBD (11 times)
LT (9 times)
2008 Ischemic cholangiopathy following liver transplantation from donation after cardiac death donors.
58  inertial cavitation
(27 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(15 times)
US (8 times)
ADV (4 times)
ICD (4 times)
2003 A comparison of the fragmentation thresholds and inertial cavitation doses of different ultrasound contrast agents.
59  immune clearance
(24 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
IT (21 times)
LR (16 times)
CHB (14 times)
2010 Hepatitis B surface antigen levels during the natural history of chronic hepatitis B: a perspective on Asia.
60  immunocapture
(24 times)
Virology
(12 times)
PCR (4 times)
RT (4 times)
RT-PCR (4 times)
1994 Sensitive detection of grapevine virus A, B, or leafroll-associated III from viruliferous mealybugs and infected tissue by cDNA amplification.
61  intercostal
(24 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(10 times)
EMG (6 times)
DI (3 times)
DIA (3 times)
1984 Voluntary induced alterations in regional ventilation in normal humans.
62  immune checkpoint
(23 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
NSCLC (3 times)
ART (2 times)
CTLA-4 (2 times)
2015 The role of antigen presenting cells in the induction of HIV-1 latency in resting CD4(+) T-cells.
63  immunocytoma
(23 times)
Hematology
(9 times)
CLL (11 times)
B-CLL (7 times)
NHL (6 times)
1977 [Tissue mast cell count in immunocytoma and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (author's transl)].
64  immunologically castrated
(23 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(17 times)
PC (17 times)
DDGS (5 times)
GnRF (3 times)
2011 Effects of increasing lysine on further processed product characteristics from immunologically castrated male pigs.
65  invasive cancer
(23 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
DCIS (6 times)
HGD (4 times)
LSIL (3 times)
1981 Value of multiple forceps biopsies in assessing the malignant potential of colonic polyps.
66  ischemic cortex
(23 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
MCA (16 times)
BBB (10 times)
CC (9 times)
1993 Effects of pentobarbital and isoflurane on regional cerebral oxygen extraction and consumption with middle cerebral artery occlusion in rats.
67  ischiocavernosus
(23 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(4 times)
BS (12 times)
BC (9 times)
EMG (7 times)
1975 Corpus spongiosum penis pressure and penile muscle activity in the stallion during coitus.
68  internal carotid
(22 times)
Neurosurgery
(9 times)
CC (5 times)
EC (2 times)
IMT (2 times)
1980 [Postoperative transient occlusion of internal carotid artery due to shift of the clip used for neck clipping of the huge left internal carotid aneurysm (author's transl)].
69  interval cancer
(22 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
CRC (5 times)
FIT (5 times)
SDC (2 times)
2004 Breast density as a determinant of interval cancer at mammographic screening.
70  intracavitary
(22 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
BT (6 times)
IC/IS (5 times)
IS (4 times)
1989 Radiation treatment of FIGO stage IVA carcinoma of the cervix.
71  confidence interval
(21 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
OR (8 times)
HR (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
1997 [Delayed thrombolytic administration in myocardial infarction;].
72  index case
(21 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
TB (3 times)
FH (2 times)
HCV (2 times)
1992 Isolated congenital heart defects in first degree relatives of 185 affected children. Prospective study in Mexico City.
73  inhaled corticosteroids
(21 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(11 times)
COPD (5 times)
AECOPD (2 times)
CF (2 times)
1984 Personal observations on the use of inhaled corticosteroid drugs for chronic asthma.
74  internal carotid artery
(21 times)
Neurosurgery
(9 times)
BTO (2 times)
DGA (2 times)
IMT (2 times)
1986 [Cerebral blood flow studies using N-isopropyl I-123 p-iodoamphetamine in cerebral ischemic lesions].
75  ion chamber
(21 times)
Biophysics
(15 times)
TPS (7 times)
MC (5 times)
CTDI (3 times)
2009 Treatment planning to improve delivery accuracy and patient throughput in helical tomotherapy.
76  injection
(20 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
i.v (3 times)
TRH (2 times)
5-HT (1 time)
1977 Pharmacological actions of intracerebrally administered polyamines in mice.
77  infantile colic
(19 times)
Pediatrics
(10 times)
AASS (1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
BDI (1 time)
1991 The significance of pregnancy, delivery and postpartum factors for the development of infantile colic.
78  inferior cardiac
(19 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
LP (12 times)
PD (11 times)
VD (11 times)
1986 The innervation of the pyloric region of the crab, Cancer borealis: homologous muscles in decapod species are differently innervated.
79  impoverished condition
(18 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
EC (18 times)
DA (6 times)
DAT (5 times)
1975 Direct contact with enriched environment is required to alter cerebral weights in rats.
80  immunocastrates
(17 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
EM (8 times)
SC (4 times)
ADG (2 times)
2010 The effects of method of castration, rearing condition and diet on sensory quality of pork assessed by a trained panel.
81  initiation complex
(17 times)
Molecular Biology
(7 times)
fMet (4 times)
EC (3 times)
RNAP (3 times)
1980 The invagination complex in nerve endings on adrenomedullary adrenaline cells: quantitative ultrastructural description, and analysis of changes with time-of-day and their modification by sham-surgery and pinealectomy.
82  internal circulation
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
COD (4 times)
OLR (3 times)
VSS (2 times)
2012 Enhanced anaerobic treatment of CSTR-digested effluent from chicken manure: The effect of ammonia inhibition.
83  internal combustion
(17 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
LIF (3 times)
CO (2 times)
PM (2 times)
2000 Combustion aerosols: factors governing their size and composition and implications to human health.
84  international clone
(17 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(8 times)
MLST (4 times)
MIC (3 times)
PCR (3 times)
2012 Characterisation and clonal dissemination of OXA-23-producing Acinetobacter baumannii in Tabriz, northwest Iran.
85  ion-exchange chromatography
(17 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(9 times)
MS (2 times)
CE (1 time)
DLS (1 time)
1992 Ion-exchange chromatography (IC) in the determination of serum transition metals and its clinical application.
86  isovolumic contraction
(17 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
EC (4 times)
LV (4 times)
CC (2 times)
1976 [Study of systolic time by external phonomechanocardiography in myocardial infarction. 1. Value of systolic times and their course during the 1st 3 weeks].
87  internal consistency
(16 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
DIR (3 times)
CBCT (2 times)
DVFs (2 times)
2008 Critical analysis of outcome measures used in the assessment of carpal tunnel syndrome.
88  ischemic control
(16 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
BUN (2 times)
LVEDP (2 times)
SC (2 times)
1994 Role of nitric oxide in ischemia/reperfusion of the rat kidney.
89  ileocolonoscopy
(15 times)
Gastroenterology
(10 times)
CD (9 times)
GI (4 times)
MRE (3 times)
2004 Small bowel Crohn's disease: comparison of enteroclysis, bowel sonography and Tc-99m-HMPAO leukocyte scintigraphy.
90  individual cage
(15 times)
Brain
(5 times)
EC (7 times)
CC (3 times)
SC (3 times)
1986 Altered synaptic transmission in dentate gyrus of rats reared in complex environments: evidence from hippocampal slices maintained in vitro.
91  infectious centers
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
FV (3 times)
MuLV (3 times)
Con A (2 times)
1976 Interactions of murine leukemia virus (MuLV) with isolated lymphocytes. I. Virus replication in lymphocytes infected with Friend virus and cultures in diffusion chambers in vivo.
92  inner cortex
(15 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
OC (8 times)
GFR (3 times)
AKI (1 time)
1976 Effect of variation in dietary NaCl intake on total and fractional renal blood flow in the normal and mercury-intoxicated rat.
93  intervention communities
(15 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
CC (8 times)
ARI (1 time)
BFCP (1 time)
2001 [Evaluation on the effect of cardiovascular prevention program in Fangshan, Beijing].
94  ischemic compression
(15 times)
Chiropractic
(5 times)
PPT (5 times)
DN (4 times)
MTrPs (3 times)
2009 Immediate effect of ultrasound and ischemic compression techniques for the treatment of trapezius latent myofascial trigger points in healthy subjects: a randomized controlled study.
95  incommensurate
(14 times)
Nanotechnology
(7 times)
CDW (3 times)
NC (3 times)
FM (1 time)
1999 Comments on the characteristics of incommensurate modulation in quartz: discussion about a neutron scattering experiment.
96  induced component
(14 times)
Ophthalmology
(14 times)
DC (11 times)
mfERG (9 times)
DR (3 times)
2002 Selective loss of an oscillatory component from temporal retinal multifocal ERG responses in glaucoma.
97  infarct core
(14 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CT (3 times)
DTI (3 times)
IP (3 times)
2005 Use of interaction cards to evaluate clinical performance.
98  infectious coryza
(14 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(12 times)
PCR (2 times)
AK (1 time)
AMC (1 time)
1984 Epidemiological study of an outbreak of infectious coryza on a poultry farm in Iraq.
99  intermittent clamping
(14 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
IP (7 times)
AST (3 times)
IL (3 times)
2004 Optimal cycle of intermittent portal triad clamping during liver resection in the murine liver.
100  indicator conditions
(13 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(3 times)
HIV (3 times)
PC (2 times)
ADC (1 time)
2013 Comparison of two HIV testing strategies in primary care centres: indicator-condition-guided testing vs. testing of those with non-indicator conditions.