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Abbreviation: IC
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
immune complexes
(1251 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(609 times)
SLE (101 times)
RA (69 times)
RF (54 times)
1975 [Circulating immune complexes in man; precipitation of immune complexes with polyethylene glycol and their characterization by Clq bound to immunoglobulins].
inferior colliculus
(1144 times)
Neurology
(523 times)
AC (71 times)
CN (68 times)
MGB (58 times)
1969 Echo-location and evoked potentials of bats after ablation of inferior colliculus.
ion chromatography
(661 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(306 times)
ICP-MS (41 times)
HPLC (25 times)
CE (22 times)
1986 Comparison of ion chromatography and neutron activation analysis for the microdetermination of Na+ and K+ in muscle.
interstitial cystitis
(621 times)
Urology
(360 times)
BPS (35 times)
APF (20 times)
PBS (20 times)
1976 Electron microscopic and histological findings on urinary bladder epithelium in interstitial cystitis.
intermittent claudication
(444 times)
Vascular Diseases
(220 times)
PAD (142 times)
CLI (67 times)
ABI (50 times)
1975 The smoking habits of men with intermittent claudication.
inspiratory capacity
(367 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(230 times)
COPD (107 times)
FVC (58 times)
TLC (54 times)
1975 Effects of expiratory threshold loading during steady-state exercise.
intracoronary
(252 times)
Cardiology
(171 times)
PCI (42 times)
STEMI (26 times)
FFR (21 times)
1977 Nitroglycerin and propranolol on myocardial O2 consumption during myocardial ischemia.
insular cortex
(229 times)
Neurology
(112 times)
CTA (50 times)
Bla (33 times)
LTP (20 times)
1992 Hypothalamic and cortical sympathetic responses relay in the medulla of the rat.
indirect calorimetry
(216 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(90 times)
REE (92 times)
EE (51 times)
ICU (19 times)
1990 A randomized trial of indirect calorimetry-based feedings in thermal injury.
10  induction chemotherapy
(201 times)
Neoplasms
(147 times)
OS (75 times)
CCRT (36 times)
CRT (35 times)
1992 Intensive combined therapy for previously untreated aggressive myeloma.
11  integrated circuit
(174 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(37 times)
CMOS (20 times)
ADC (6 times)
CMUT (6 times)
1979 Optical measurement of the IC photomask pattern area.
12  invasive candidiasis
(170 times)
Microbiology
(50 times)
ICU (19 times)
IA (18 times)
CI (11 times)
1995 Invasive infection due to Candida krusei in immunocompromised patients not treated with fluconazole.
13  informed consent
(122 times)
Medicine
(20 times)
RCTs (4 times)
IRB (3 times)
PIs (3 times)
1987 Regulatory overview: protection of human subjects--IRBS and informed consent.
14  indeterminate colitis
(120 times)
Gastroenterology
(84 times)
UC (106 times)
CD (101 times)
IBD (82 times)
1984 Quantitative evaluation of two distinct cell populations expressing HLA-DR antigens in normal human epidermis.
15  infection control
(120 times)
Communicable Diseases
(55 times)
TB (18 times)
HCWs (11 times)
MRSA (5 times)
1993 How to cost and fund an infection control programme.
16  internal conversion
(119 times)
Chemistry
(98 times)
ISC (34 times)
ICT (12 times)
TDDFT (8 times)
2002 Sensitization of singlet oxygen via encounter complexes and via exciplexes of pipi* triplet excited sensitizers and oxygen.
17  intracellular
(116 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(18 times)
EC (33 times)
TM (8 times)
PBMCs (6 times)
1971 Intracellular concentrations of sodium, potassium and chloride in the lactating mammary gland and their relation to the secretory mechanism.
18  inhibitory concentration
(114 times)
Radiology
(19 times)
AP (11 times)
NIC (11 times)
ROC (10 times)
1983 Contrast enhancement pharmacokinetics of six ionic and nonionic contrast media.
19  internal capsule
(111 times)
Neurology
(50 times)
FA (26 times)
DTI (22 times)
CC (20 times)
1976 Taste pathways to hypothalamus and amygdala.
20  intermediate compartment
(102 times)
Cell Biology
(32 times)
ER (18 times)
HC (6 times)
LC (5 times)
1979 Cerebellar corticonuclear fibers of the dorsal culminate lobule (anterior lobe--lobule V) in a prosimian primate, Galago senegalensis.
21  information component
(84 times)
Drug Therapy
(28 times)
ROR (20 times)
ADRs (10 times)
PRR (10 times)
1983 Information transfer in biological systems. Part I: Calculation of the information content of some amino acids, lipids, and nucleic acid bases.
22  inhibitory control
(83 times)
Psychology
(31 times)
WM (12 times)
EF (6 times)
ADHD (4 times)
2001 Individual differences in inhibitory control and children's theory of mind.
23  internal control
(80 times)
Microbiology
(25 times)
PCR (12 times)
RT-PCR (9 times)
RT (5 times)
1995 Internal controls as performance monitors and quantitative standards in the detection by polymerase chain reaction of herpes simplex virus and cytomegalovirus in clinical specimens.
24  ischemic colitis
(76 times)
Gastroenterology
(34 times)
CI (9 times)
OR (9 times)
IBS (4 times)
1996 Ischemic colitis complicating abdominal aortic aneurysm surgery in the U.S. veteran.
25  impression cytology
(74 times)
Ophthalmology
(60 times)
LSCD (7 times)
BUT (5 times)
OSDI (5 times)
1989 Diagnostic impression cytology for external eye disease.
26  initial contact
(74 times)
Sports Medicine
(23 times)
ACL (15 times)
TO (9 times)
vGRF (6 times)
1999 Endurance training and bone metabolism in middle-aged rats.
27  independent component
(72 times)
Neurology
(18 times)
ICA (36 times)
EEG (17 times)
fMRI (7 times)
1998 Forming independent components via temporal locking of reconstruction architectures: a functional model of the hippocampus.
28  imprinting center
(68 times)
Genetics, Medical
(34 times)
PWS (30 times)
AS (25 times)
UPD (6 times)
1995 Inherited microdeletions in the Angelman and Prader-Willi syndromes define an imprinting centre on human chromosome 15.
29  inorganic carbon
(66 times)
Environmental Health
(40 times)
TOC (11 times)
TC (8 times)
AOB (6 times)
2000 Determination of nitrate and other water quality parameters in groundwater from UV/Vis spectra employing partial least squares regression.
30  intermittent catheterization
(64 times)
Neurology
(27 times)
SCI (20 times)
UTI (12 times)
ISC (5 times)
1988 Residual urine volumes in patients with spinal cord injury: measurement with a portable ultrasound instrument.
31  ionization chamber
(64 times)
Biophysics
(36 times)
IMRT (7 times)
MC (6 times)
TPS (6 times)
1997 Proton beam dosimetry: a comparison between the Faraday cup and an ionization chamber.
32  ileal conduit
(59 times)
Urology
(37 times)
RC (25 times)
NB (14 times)
QOL (8 times)
1991 Assessment of the long-term results of ileocecal conduit urinary diversion.
33  indigo carmine
(59 times)
Environmental Health
(18 times)
XRD (8 times)
SEM (5 times)
CR (4 times)
1993 Methylene blue but not indigo carmine is toxic to human luteal cells in vitro.
34  interstitial cells
(57 times)
Cell Biology
(13 times)
IHC (3 times)
PG (3 times)
ULP (3 times)
1975 Histophysiology of the vegetative peripheral nervous system of skin.
35  interventional cardiology
(50 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(18 times)
CA (9 times)
DAP (9 times)
PTCA (7 times)
2001 Patient dose related to the complexity of interventional cardiology procedures.
36  immunocytochemistry
(49 times)
Cell Biology
(15 times)
BM (6 times)
FNA (5 times)
WB (5 times)
1990 Cholecystokinin-like immunoreactivity in the dorsal horn of the rat spinal cord: an attempt to analyse contradictory results between immunocytochemistry and radioimmunoassay.
37  invasive carcinoma
(49 times)
Neoplasms
(21 times)
DCIS (25 times)
CIS (13 times)
LCIS (5 times)
1993 Lobular carcinoma in situ of the female breast. Short-term results of a prospective nationwide study. The Danish Breast Cancer Cooperative Group.
38  integrated care
(42 times)
Psychiatry
(8 times)
UC (10 times)
COPD (6 times)
PTSD (3 times)
2004 [An integral chip for the multiphase pulse-duration modulation used for voltage changer in biomedical microprocessor systems].
39  intracavernous
(42 times)
Urology
(25 times)
ED (11 times)
ICP (8 times)
ADSCs (4 times)
1987 Penile pharmacocavernosography and cavernosometry in the evaluation of impotence.
40  intercalated cells
(40 times)
Physiology
(22 times)
PC (17 times)
CCD (11 times)
CD (8 times)
1985 Functional differentiation of cell types of cortical collecting duct.
41  isolated condition
(39 times)
Psychopharmacology
(10 times)
EC (27 times)
SC (13 times)
CPP (4 times)
1978 A stereological ultrastructural study of peritoneal macrophages from germ-free and conventionally-reared mice.
42  imprint cytology
(37 times)
Neoplasms
(16 times)
FS (11 times)
SLN (9 times)
SN (4 times)
1999 Intraoperative examination of the sentinel lymph node for breast carcinoma staging.
43  inclusion complex
(36 times)
Chemistry
(14 times)
beta-CD (6 times)
CD (6 times)
HP-beta-CD (6 times)
1999 Study of the binding in an aqueous medium of inclusion complexes of several cyclodextrins involving fenoprofen calcium.
44  intensive care
(36 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
CC (3 times)
CR (2 times)
ICUs (2 times)
1989 Central anticholinergic syndrome (CAS) in anesthesia and intensive care.
45  immune cells
(35 times)
Neoplasms
(22 times)
TC (24 times)
PD-L1 (16 times)
NSCLC (11 times)
2015 Characterization of Peripheral Immune Cell Subsets in Patients with Acute and Chronic Cerebrovascular Disease: A Case-Control Study.
46  intracardiac
(35 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
i.p (3 times)
BLI (2 times)
BM (2 times)
1975 The erythrocyte transport and transfer of methylmercury to the tissues of the rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri).
47  ischemic cardiomyopathy
(35 times)
Cardiology
(17 times)
LV (7 times)
IDC (5 times)
CMR (3 times)
1985 [Existence of asymptomatic changes in left ventricular function in the diabetic. Noninvasive study].
48  iliac crest
(34 times)
Orthopedics
(14 times)
ASIS (5 times)
MSCs (4 times)
VB (4 times)
1988 Age-related changes in cancellous bone structure. A two-dimensional study in the transiliac and iliac crest biopsy sites.
49  intercellular communication
(31 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
GJs (4 times)
MS (4 times)
TPA (4 times)
1985 Effects of a teratogen on [3H]uridine nucleotide transfer between human embryonal cells and on gap junctions.
50  inactive carrier
(30 times)
Gastroenterology
(14 times)
CHB (14 times)
HBV (14 times)
IT (10 times)
2004 Non-sequencing molecular approaches to identify preS2-defective hepatitis B virus variants proved to be associated with severe liver diseases.
51  intracortical
(29 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
i.p (4 times)
MS (4 times)
CL (3 times)
1986 Inhibition of penicillin-induced EEG discharges by low doses of morphine or naloxone in the rabbit. Evidence for a possible non-opioid receptor-mediated mechanism at the sensorimotor cortex.
52  intercalated
(28 times)
Nephrology
(8 times)
CD (6 times)
CA (5 times)
CCD (5 times)
1977 Sulfide silver architectonics of rat, cat, and guinea pig spinal cord. A light microscopic study with Timm's method for demonstration of heavy metals.
53  Impedance cardiography
(27 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
CO (12 times)
SV (12 times)
HR (4 times)
1981 Influence of respiration on stroke volume determined by impedance cardiography.
54  inertial cavitation
(24 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(13 times)
US (8 times)
ICD (4 times)
ADV (3 times)
2003 A comparison of the fragmentation thresholds and inertial cavitation doses of different ultrasound contrast agents.
55  intensive chemotherapy
(24 times)
Hematology
(11 times)
AML (15 times)
OS (6 times)
QOL (5 times)
1982 Management of leukaemia-associated disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC).
56  ischemic cortex
(24 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
MCA (16 times)
BBB (10 times)
CC (9 times)
1993 Effects of pentobarbital and isoflurane on regional cerebral oxygen extraction and consumption with middle cerebral artery occlusion in rats.
57  immunocytoma
(23 times)
Hematology
(9 times)
CLL (11 times)
B-CLL (7 times)
NHL (6 times)
1977 [Tissue mast cell count in immunocytoma and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (author's transl)].
58  infectious complications
(23 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
SSI (3 times)
UTI (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1991 [Infectious-inflammatory complications in patients after transplantation of the kidney].
59  intercostal
(23 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(10 times)
EMG (6 times)
DI (3 times)
DIA (3 times)
1984 Voluntary induced alterations in regional ventilation in normal humans.
60  immune clearance
(22 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
IT (19 times)
LR (15 times)
CHB (12 times)
2010 Hepatitis B surface antigen levels during the natural history of chronic hepatitis B: a perspective on Asia.
61  immunologically castrated
(22 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(17 times)
PC (16 times)
DDGS (5 times)
GnRF (3 times)
2011 Effects of increasing lysine on further processed product characteristics from immunologically castrated male pigs.
62  interval cancer
(22 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
CRC (5 times)
FIT (5 times)
SDC (2 times)
2004 Breast density as a determinant of interval cancer at mammographic screening.
63  invasive cancer
(22 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
DCIS (5 times)
HGD (4 times)
LSIL (3 times)
1981 Value of multiple forceps biopsies in assessing the malignant potential of colonic polyps.
64  ischiocavernosus
(22 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(4 times)
BS (11 times)
BC (9 times)
EMG (7 times)
1975 Corpus spongiosum penis pressure and penile muscle activity in the stallion during coitus.
65  immunocompromised
(21 times)
Communicable Diseases
(4 times)
HZ (4 times)
ICU (2 times)
IR (2 times)
1996 Rapid diagnosis of respiratory syncytial virus infections in immunocompromised adults.
66  inhaled corticosteroids
(21 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(11 times)
COPD (5 times)
AECOPD (2 times)
CF (2 times)
1984 Personal observations on the use of inhaled corticosteroid drugs for chronic asthma.
67  index case
(20 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
FH (2 times)
HCV (2 times)
TB (2 times)
1992 Isolated congenital heart defects in first degree relatives of 185 affected children. Prospective study in Mexico City.
68  injection
(20 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
i.v (3 times)
TRH (2 times)
5-HT (1 time)
1977 Pharmacological actions of intracerebrally administered polyamines in mice.
69  internal carotid
(20 times)
Neurosurgery
(8 times)
CC (5 times)
EC (2 times)
IMT (2 times)
1980 [Postoperative transient occlusion of internal carotid artery due to shift of the clip used for neck clipping of the huge left internal carotid aneurysm (author's transl)].
70  intracavitary
(20 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
BT (5 times)
IC/IS (4 times)
IS (3 times)
1989 Radiation treatment of FIGO stage IVA carcinoma of the cervix.
71  confidence interval
(19 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
OR (7 times)
ACE (1 time)
AMI (1 time)
1997 [Delayed thrombolytic administration in myocardial infarction;].
72  internal carotid artery
(19 times)
Neurosurgery
(9 times)
BTO (2 times)
DGA (2 times)
IMT (2 times)
1986 [Cerebral blood flow studies using N-isopropyl I-123 p-iodoamphetamine in cerebral ischemic lesions].
73  ischemic cholangiopathy
(19 times)
Transplantation
(10 times)
DCD (15 times)
DBD (8 times)
LT (7 times)
2008 Ischemic cholangiopathy following liver transplantation from donation after cardiac death donors.
74  impoverished condition
(18 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
EC (18 times)
DA (6 times)
DAT (5 times)
1975 Direct contact with enriched environment is required to alter cerebral weights in rats.
75  inferior cardiac
(18 times)
Neurology
(18 times)
LP (12 times)
PD (11 times)
VD (11 times)
1986 The innervation of the pyloric region of the crab, Cancer borealis: homologous muscles in decapod species are differently innervated.
76  infantile colic
(17 times)
Pediatrics
(8 times)
AASS (1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
BDI (1 time)
1991 The significance of pregnancy, delivery and postpartum factors for the development of infantile colic.
77  initiation complex
(17 times)
Molecular Biology
(7 times)
fMet (4 times)
EC (3 times)
RNAP (3 times)
1980 The invagination complex in nerve endings on adrenomedullary adrenaline cells: quantitative ultrastructural description, and analysis of changes with time-of-day and their modification by sham-surgery and pinealectomy.
78  immunocapture
(16 times)
Virology
(12 times)
PCR (4 times)
RT (3 times)
DB (2 times)
1994 Sensitive detection of grapevine virus A, B, or leafroll-associated III from viruliferous mealybugs and infected tissue by cDNA amplification.
79  inflammatory cells
(16 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
AIE (1 time)
BATA (1 time)
BM (1 time)
1976 Inflammatory cells in solid murine neoplasms. I. Tumor disaggregation and identification of constituent inflammatory cells.
80  ion-exchange chromatography
(16 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(8 times)
MS (2 times)
CE (1 time)
DLS (1 time)
1992 Ion-exchange chromatography (IC) in the determination of serum transition metals and its clinical application.
81  isovolumic contraction
(16 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
LV (4 times)
EC (3 times)
CC (2 times)
1976 [Study of systolic time by external phonomechanocardiography in myocardial infarction. 1. Value of systolic times and their course during the 1st 3 weeks].
82  inner cortex
(15 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
OC (7 times)
GFR (3 times)
LPS (2 times)
1976 Effect of variation in dietary NaCl intake on total and fractional renal blood flow in the normal and mercury-intoxicated rat.
83  internal combustion
(15 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
LIF (3 times)
CO (2 times)
SC (2 times)
2000 Combustion aerosols: factors governing their size and composition and implications to human health.
84  intervention communities
(15 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
CC (8 times)
ARI (1 time)
BFCP (1 time)
2001 [Evaluation on the effect of cardiovascular prevention program in Fangshan, Beijing].
85  ion chamber
(15 times)
Biophysics
(12 times)
TPS (5 times)
MC (4 times)
CTDI (3 times)
2009 Treatment planning to improve delivery accuracy and patient throughput in helical tomotherapy.
86  ischemic control
(15 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
BUN (2 times)
SC (2 times)
SCr (2 times)
1994 Role of nitric oxide in ischemia/reperfusion of the rat kidney.
87  individual cage
(14 times)
Brain
(5 times)
EC (7 times)
CC (3 times)
SC (3 times)
1986 Altered synaptic transmission in dentate gyrus of rats reared in complex environments: evidence from hippocampal slices maintained in vitro.
88  induced component
(14 times)
Ophthalmology
(14 times)
DC (11 times)
mfERG (9 times)
DR (3 times)
2002 Selective loss of an oscillatory component from temporal retinal multifocal ERG responses in glaucoma.
89  infectious centers
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
FV (3 times)
MuLV (3 times)
Con A (2 times)
1976 Interactions of murine leukemia virus (MuLV) with isolated lymphocytes. I. Virus replication in lymphocytes infected with Friend virus and cultures in diffusion chambers in vivo.
90  intermittent clamping
(14 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
IP (7 times)
AST (3 times)
IL (3 times)
2004 Optimal cycle of intermittent portal triad clamping during liver resection in the murine liver.
91  immunocastrated
(13 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
EM (6 times)
ADG (2 times)
LD (2 times)
2010 The effects of method of castration, rearing condition and diet on sensory quality of pork assessed by a trained panel.
92  integrated concentration
(13 times)
Endocrinology
(8 times)
GH (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
BDP (1 time)
1975 Integrated concentration of plasma aldosterone in normal subjects: correlation with cortisol.
93  internal consistency
(13 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
DIR (2 times)
ID (2 times)
IRR (2 times)
2008 Critical analysis of outcome measures used in the assessment of carpal tunnel syndrome.
94  iris curvature
(13 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
ACA (10 times)
ACD (10 times)
LV (9 times)
2012 Dynamic changes in anterior segment (AS) parameters in eyes with primary angle closure (PAC) and PAC glaucoma and open-angle eyes assessed using AS optical coherence tomography.
95  ileocolonoscopy
(12 times)
Gastroenterology
(9 times)
CD (8 times)
SBCE (3 times)
BS (2 times)
2004 Small bowel Crohn's disease: comparison of enteroclysis, bowel sonography and Tc-99m-HMPAO leukocyte scintigraphy.
96  illusory contour
(12 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
LOC (4 times)
VEP (3 times)
VEPs (2 times)
2002 The spatiotemporal dynamics of illusory contour processing: combined high-density electrical mapping, source analysis, and functional magnetic resonance imaging.
97  immunocytokine
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
ADCC (3 times)
i.t (2 times)
IL-2 (2 times)
2004 Enhanced activity of hu14.18-IL2 immunocytokine against murine NXS2 neuroblastoma when combined with interleukin 2 therapy.
98  internal circulation
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
COD (3 times)
OLR (2 times)
VSS (2 times)
2012 Enhanced anaerobic treatment of CSTR-digested effluent from chicken manure: The effect of ammonia inhibition.
99  international clone
(12 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(6 times)
MLST (3 times)
PCR (3 times)
MIC (2 times)
2012 Characterisation and clonal dissemination of OXA-23-producing Acinetobacter baumannii in Tabriz, northwest Iran.
100  intracytoplasmic
(12 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
TM (3 times)
DP (2 times)
EC (2 times)
1992 Regulation of the expression of murine alpha- and beta-Fc gamma R genes.