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Abbreviation: ICA
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Long forms: 286

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
internal carotid artery
(4633 times)
Neurology
(1104 times)
MCA (541 times)
CCA (329 times)
CEA (264 times)
1973 Proceedings: operative measurements of cerebral blood-flow (C.B.F.) and internal carotid artery (I.C.A.) pressure during carotid ligation.
independent component analysis
(2245 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(460 times)
fMRI (362 times)
EEG (287 times)
PCA (178 times)
1996 Learning the higher-order structure of a natural sound.
islet cell antibodies
(530 times)
Endocrinology
(282 times)
IAA (93 times)
GADA (89 times)
IDDM (87 times)
1976 HLA-linked genes and islet-cell antibodies in diabetes mellitus.
invasive coronary angiography
(476 times)
Cardiology
(218 times)
CAD (195 times)
CCTA (140 times)
CTA (103 times)
2004 Noninvasive visualization of coronary artery bypass grafts using 16-detector row computed tomography.
Icariin
(165 times)
Pharmacology
(27 times)
ALP (12 times)
BMSCs (11 times)
ROS (9 times)
1999 [Influence of icariin on cell membrane of highly metastatic human lung tumor cell line].
immunochromatographic assay
(123 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(25 times)
LOD (16 times)
ELISA (12 times)
mAb (7 times)
2002 New simple and rapid test for culture confirmation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex: a multicenter study.
internal carotid
(75 times)
Neurology
(15 times)
VA (23 times)
MCA (22 times)
CCA (13 times)
1977 Experimental regional cerebral ischemia in the middle cerebral artery territory in primates. Part 2: Effects on brain water and electrolytes in the early phase of MCA stroke.
islet cell cytoplasmic antibodies
(47 times)
Endocrinology
(18 times)
GAD (12 times)
IAA (11 times)
IDDM (9 times)
1978 [Anti-islet cell antibodies in insulin-dependent diabetics. Preliminary study].
immunocytochemical assay
(42 times)
Neoplasms
(25 times)
ER (20 times)
PgR (11 times)
EIA (10 times)
1984 Immunological methods for detection of carcinogen-DNA adducts.
10  iridocorneal angle
(36 times)
Ophthalmology
(30 times)
ACD (10 times)
IOP (10 times)
UBM (9 times)
1989 [The status of the iridocorneal angle after the implantation of anterior chamber intraocular lenses with flexible supporting elements].
11  intracranial aneurysm
(29 times)
Nephrology
(8 times)
ADPKD (10 times)
MRA (3 times)
ARPKD (2 times)
1994 Intracranial aneurysms in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease.
12  internal cerebral artery
(26 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
MCA (9 times)
ICV (3 times)
AIS (2 times)
1989 [Measuring fetal vascular resistance with the Duplex scanner--a new fetal stress test].
13  imperialist competitive algorithm
(22 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
GA (5 times)
ANN (4 times)
RMSE (4 times)
2013 A robust PID controller based on imperialist competitive algorithm for load-frequency control of power systems.
14  intercostal artery
(18 times)
Vascular Diseases
(8 times)
HCC (4 times)
TAE (4 times)
TACE (3 times)
1988 The effect of verapamil on cerebral cortical and spinal cord blood flow during proximal descending thoracic aortic occlusion.
15  isocyanic acid
(18 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
MIC (6 times)
DBA (4 times)
PTR-MS (4 times)
2001 Determination of isocyanic acid in air.
16  index of circulating anticoagulant
(14 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
LA (7 times)
APTT (6 times)
dRVVT (4 times)
2012 New guidelines for lupus anticoagulant: sensitivity and specificity of cut-off values calculated with plasmas from healthy controls in mixing and confirmatory tests.
17  isolated congenital anosmia
(14 times)
Genetics, Medical
(3 times)
KS (2 times)
CT (1 time)
GM (1 time)
2004 Isolated congenital anosmia with morphologically normal olfactory bulb in two Iranian families: a new clinical entity?
18  ileocolic artery
(13 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
RCA (11 times)
SMV (9 times)
SMA (7 times)
1995 Lengthening of the mesentery using the marginal vascular arcade of the right colon as the blood supply to the ileal pouch.
19  iodinated contrast agents
(13 times)
Radiology
(6 times)
CT (3 times)
DSBs (2 times)
ACS (1 time)
1990 [Renal tolerance of iodinated low osmolality contrast agents. Clinical and experimental aspects].
20  indole-3-carboxylic acid
(12 times)
Botany
(5 times)
ABA (1 time)
CV (1 time)
CYP450 (1 time)
1984 Biosynthesis and metabolism of indole-3-ethanol and indole-3-acetic acid by Pinus sylvestris L. needles.
21  immune-complex-mediated arthritis
(11 times)
Rheumatology
(5 times)
IL-1 (3 times)
PMN (3 times)
FcgammaRs (2 times)
1992 Cationic immune complex arthritis in mice--a new model. Synergistic effect of complement and interleukin-1.
22  instrumentation, control and automation
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
AnMBR (1 time)
MBBP (1 time)
SISO (1 time)
1992 Instrumentation control and automation in the control of biological effluent treatment.
23  islet cell antigen
(11 times)
Endocrinology
(8 times)
GAD (3 times)
GAD65 (2 times)
HLA (2 times)
1989 Immunological disorders of type 1 diabetes mellitus.
24  islet cell cytoplasm
(11 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
GADA (4 times)
anti-GAD (2 times)
IA-2 (2 times)
1987 Detection of islet cell autoantibodies in newly diagnosed diabetic patients using insulin-producing Syrian hamster cells.
25  International Club of Ascites
(10 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
AKI (7 times)
HRS (3 times)
HR (2 times)
2013 Current limits and future challenges in the management of renal dysfunction in patients with cirrhosis: report from the International Club of Ascites.
26  intrinsic cardiac adrenergic
(10 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
TH (3 times)
CGRP (2 times)
PNMT (2 times)
1996 An intrinsic adrenergic system in mammalian heart.
27  immunochromatography
(8 times)
Virology
(2 times)
MEIA (2 times)
Ab (1 time)
anti-HBs (1 time)
2006 [Evaluation of indigenously manufactured immunochromatographic assay systems for rapid detection of hepatitis B surface antigen and antibody.].
28  Ictal central apnea
(7 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
SUDEP (5 times)
GCS (3 times)
PCCA (3 times)
2018 The incidence and significance of periictal apnea in epileptic seizures.
29  immunocytochemical analysis
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
ER (3 times)
FNA (3 times)
PR (3 times)
1986 Monoclonal antibody-based immunoanalytical methods for detection of carcinogen-modified DNA components.
30  internal CA
(7 times)
Neurosurgery
(5 times)
CA (7 times)
CCA (3 times)
ACoA (1 time)
2001 Cerebral hemodynamics in patients with carotid artery occlusion and contralateral moderate or severe internal carotid artery stenosis.
31  internal carotid artery stenosis
(7 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
AIS (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
CCA (1 time)
1999 [Interventional treatment of arteriosclerotic carotid stenosis].
32  Interstitial Cystitis Association
(7 times)
Urology
(6 times)
IC (5 times)
NIDDK (4 times)
CAM (1 time)
2000 Current investigations and treatment of interstitial cystitis.
33  intracorporeal anastomosis
(7 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
ECA (2 times)
CST (1 time)
dVSi (1 time)
2017 Intracorporeal anastomoses in emergency laparoscopic colorectal surgery from a series of 59 cases: where and how to do it - a technical note and video.
34  imidazole-2-carboxaldehyde
(6 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
5-FU (1 time)
A/E (1 time)
allo-BMT (1 time)
2008 Crystals as molecules: postsynthesis covalent functionalization of zeolitic imidazolate frameworks.
35  intracavernous carotid artery
(6 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
CS (2 times)
AFL (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1988 MR imaging of blood flows in the cavernous sinus.
36  ionization chamber array
(6 times)
Biophysics
(6 times)
IMRT (2 times)
3DS (1 time)
a-Si (1 time)
2014 Dose calibration of EPIDs for segmented IMRT dosimetry.
37  isocitric acid
(6 times)
Biotechnology
(5 times)
CA (4 times)
ACO (1 time)
C. elegans (1 time)
2002 Biosynthesis of citric and isocitric acids from ethanol by mutant Yarrowia lipolytica N 1 under continuous cultivation.
38  Anti-islet cell antibodies
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
IAA (2 times)
AIH (1 time)
anti-GAD (1 time)
1998 Hyperglycaemia due to insulin resistance caused by interferon-gamma.
39  ileocolonic anastomosis
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
BP (1 time)
CD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1995 Use of laparoscopic techniques in oncologic right colectomy in a canine model.
40  immune complex arthritis
(5 times)
Rheumatology
(3 times)
AIA (1 time)
ICs (1 time)
IL-1 alpha, beta (1 time)
1995 Major role for interleukin 1 but not for tumor necrosis factor in early cartilage damage in immune complex arthritis in mice.
41  index of motor current amplitude
(5 times)
Transplantation
(5 times)
LV (3 times)
LVAD (2 times)
LVEDP (2 times)
1998 Detection of total assist and sucking points based on the pulsatility of a continuous flow artificial heart: in vivo evaluation.
42  intestinal calcium absorption
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
BCM (4 times)
DBP (1 time)
RCI (1 time)
1984 6-Fluoro-vitamin D3: a new antagonist of the biological actions of vitamin D3 and its metabolites which interacts with the intestinal receptor for 1 alpha,25(OH)2-vitamin D3.
43  immunohistochemical
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
DCC (3 times)
PR (3 times)
ER (2 times)
1987 Breast cancers negative for estrogen receptor but positive for progesterone receptor, a true entity?
44  inhibitor 2-(1-chloro-4-hydroxyisoquinoline-3-carboxamido) acetate
(4 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
HIF (3 times)
PHD (2 times)
ES (1 time)
2015 Pre- and post-conditional inhibition of prolyl-4-hydroxylase domain enzymes protects the heart from an ischemic insult.
45  inhibitor of carbonic anhydrase
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
IOP (1 time)
mICA (1 time)
MTF (1 time)
2005 Evolution of duplications in the transferrin family of proteins.
46  intercondylar area
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
LFC (3 times)
MFC (3 times)
BD (2 times)
2014 Ultrasonographic evaluation of femoral cartilage thickness in patients with ankylosing spondylitis.
47  internal carotid stenosis
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
CEA (2 times)
CA (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
1995 [Contrast-enhanced color-coded duplex ultrasound of high grade carotid stenoses].
48  International Contraceptive Access Foundation
(4 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
LNG-IUS (4 times)
FAPESP (3 times)
DALY (2 times)
2014 A randomized clinical trial of the effect of intensive versus non-intensive counselling on discontinuation rates due to bleeding disturbances of three long-acting reversible contraceptives.
49  intraoperative cardiac arrest
(4 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
ECC (1 time)
2004 Cardiac arrest in the early stage of cardiosurgical procedure.
50  invasive catheter angiography
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
CCTA (2 times)
CACS (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
2008 Usefulness of 64-detector row computed tomography for evaluation of intracoronary stents in symptomatic patients with suspected in-stent restenosis.
51  Islet cell autoantigen
(4 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
IDDM (2 times)
GAD (1 time)
nNOS (1 time)
1995 Islet autoantibody markers in IDDM: risk assessment strategies yielding high sensitivity.
52  Isocupressic acid
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
AGA (1 time)
IVC (1 time)
IVM (1 time)
1998 Abortifacient effects of lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) and common juniper (Juniperus communis) on cattle.
53  imidazole-4-carboxamide
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AHX (1 time)
AICA (1 time)
AOH (1 time)
2010 Plant-growth regulator, imidazole-4-carboxamide, produced by the fairy ring forming fungus Lepista sordida.
54  immediate cytologic assessment
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
PCNA (2 times)
TBNA (2 times)
TBPB (2 times)
1995 Integration of transbronchial and percutaneous approach in the diagnosis of peripheral pulmonary nodules or masses. Experience with 1,027 consecutive cases.
55  immunocapture assay
(3 times)
Virology
(1 time)
GPs (1 time)
IF (1 time)
ILI (1 time)
1992 A nylon membrane enzyme immunoassay for rapid diagnosis of influenza A infection.
56  immunocytoadherence
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
FCA (1 time)
IA (1 time)
RFC (1 time)
1975 The effect of Freund's complete adjuvant on the cellular response in mice to sheep erythrocytes.
57  In-Ceram alumina
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
AC (1 time)
CZ (1 time)
EDS (1 time)
2003 Spectrophotometric analysis of all-ceramic materials and their interaction with luting agents and different backgrounds.
58  Index of Cognitive Activity
(3 times)
Nervous System
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
COP (1 time)
ML (1 time)
2016 The Frequency of Rapid Pupil Dilations as a Measure of Linguistic Processing Difficulty.
59  infectious center assay
(3 times)
Virology
(2 times)
AGMs (1 time)
DENV (1 time)
ds (1 time)
1987 Application of peroxidase-antiperoxidase (PAP) staining for detection and localization of dengue-2 viral antigen. II. Observations for the antibody enhancement activity in human monocytes.
60  intercapillary area
(3 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
3-NTint (1 time)
BCVA (1 time)
CLP (1 time)
2000 Diaspirin cross-linked hemoglobin improves mucosal perfusion in the ileum of septic rats.
61  intercondylar angle
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
ICW (1 time)
MANOVA (1 time)
TM (1 time)
1989 Condylar displacement and temporomandibular joint dysfunction following bilateral sagittal split osteotomy and rigid fixation.
62  intermediate care area
(3 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
AMW (1 time)
CCU (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
1986 Impact of an intermediate care area on ICU utilization after cardiac surgery.
63  International Cooperation Administration
(3 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
--- 1959 Storage stability of DDT water-dispersible powders.
64  intracorporeal
(3 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
ECA (2 times)
CoDIG (1 time)
EBL (1 time)
2015 Robotic right colectomy with intracorporeal anastomosis: experience with 52 consecutive cases.
65  iodinated contrast angiography
(3 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
EVAR (1 time)
1996 A prospective study of carbon dioxide-digital subtraction vs standard contrast arteriography in the evaluation of the renal arteries.
66  islet cell Abs
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
Ab (1 time)
GAD (1 time)
GAD65 (1 time)
1992 Etiology and pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes.
67  2-imidazolidone-4-carboxylic acid
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
MSO (2 times)
1976 Amino acid transport inhibition: brain and behavioral correlates.
68  4-imidazolecarboxylic acid
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
DBD-F (2 times)
DBD-PZ (2 times)
HA (2 times)
2006 Rapid determination of histamine and its metabolites in mice hair by ultra-performance liquid chromatography with time-of-flight mass spectrometry.
69  anti-islet cell
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AMA (1 time)
ANA (1 time)
ATA (1 time)
1990 Non-organ specific & organ specific antibodies in rheumatoid arthritis.
70  changes in CBF
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
HR (1 time)
LVEF (1 time)
2011 Flow-induced changes in pial artery compliance registered with a non-invasive method in rabbits.
71  IC All
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
IC (2 times)
TC (1 time)
TCA (1 time)
2014 Novel information theory-based measures for quantifying incongruence among phylogenetic trees.
72  ICA-105574
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
hERG1 (2 times)
LQTS (1 time)
SF (1 time)
2011 Molecular determinants for activation of human ether-a-go-go-related gene 1 potassium channels by 3-nitro-n-(4-phenoxyphenyl) benzamide.
73  ICA-AcT
(2 times)
Ultrasonics
(2 times)
AcT (2 times)
CCA (2 times)
DSA (2 times)
2018 Usefulness of acceleration time ratio in diagnosis of internal carotid artery origin stenosis.
74  ictal
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
PCCA (2 times)
PGES (2 times)
BZDs (1 time)
2019 Incidence, Recurrence, and Risk Factors for Peri-ictal Central Apnea and Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy.
75  ictal component analysis
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
PK/PD (1 time)
SFA (1 time)
2003 Anticonvulsant drugs differentially suppress individual ictal signs: a pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic analysis in the cortical stimulation model in the rat.
76  idiopathic cerebellar atrophy
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
ABPM (1 time)
MSA (1 time)
SCA6 (1 time)
2002 Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in patients with spinocerebellar degeneration.
77  ileocecal artery
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
IMA (1 time)
IMV (1 time)
ITA (1 time)
1998 The response of blood flow between the internal thoracic and ileocecal arteries to inotropic agents in a canine model.
78  immuno-colorimetric assay
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
FRNT (1 time)
IFA (1 time)
PFU (1 time)
2007 An indirect immunocolorimetric assay to detect rubella virus infected cells.
79  inclination angle
(2 times)
Wounds and Injuries
(2 times)
aLDFA (2 times)
FVA (2 times)
mLDFA (2 times)
2012 Radiographic measurement for femoral varus in Pomeranian dogs with and without medial patellar luxation.
80  individual causal association
(2 times)
Statistics as Topic
(2 times)
RPE (1 time)
2016 An information-theoretic approach for the evaluation of surrogate endpoints based on causal inference.
81  infarct-related coronary artery
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
AMI (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
dsDNA (1 time)
2006 Strong correlation between serum levels of inflammatory mediators and their distribution in infarct-related coronary artery.
82  inherited cardiac arrhythmia
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AF (1 time)
CI (1 time)
fVPC (1 time)
2017 Impact of Supraventricular Tachyarrhythmia in Patients With Inherited Cardiac Arrhythmia.
83  Instituto Colombiano Agropecuario
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
MAT (1 time)
PEDV (1 time)
2004 [Exposure to Leptospira in stray dogs in the city of Cali].
84  inter-canthal angle
(2 times)
Optometry
(2 times)
CSF (2 times)
HVID (2 times)
PA (2 times)
2014 Comparative evaluation of Asian and white ocular topography.
85  InterCriteria Analysis
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
DSC (1 time)
MM (1 time)
2017 Intercriteria analysis of calorimetric data of blood serum proteome.
86  internal auditory canal
(2 times)
Neurosurgical Procedures
(1 time)
A/P (1 time)
FN (1 time)
HB (1 time)
2017 Prognostic Indices for Predicting Facial Nerve Outcome following the Resection of Large Acoustic Neuromas.
87  internal carotid artery aneurysms
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
CFD (1 time)
PS (1 time)
WSS (1 time)
2005 Combined endovascular and microsurgical approach in the treatment of giant paraclinoid and vertebrobasilar aneurysms.
88  internal carotid artery complex
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ACA (2 times)
MCA (2 times)
DID (1 time)
1986 Outcome in patients subjected to early aneurysm operation and intravenous nimodipine.
89  internal cost allocation
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
DRG (1 time)
2016 [Changing the internal cost allocation (ICA) on DRG shares : Example of computed tomography in a university radiology setting].
90  International Chiropractors Association
(2 times)
Chiropractic
(2 times)
ACA (1 time)
NCA (1 time)
UCA (1 time)
1993 Mainstreaming chiropractic: tracing the American Chiropractic Association.
91  Intervention Component Analysis
(2 times)
Review Literature as Topic
(1 time)
--- 2015 Intervention Component Analysis (ICA): a pragmatic approach for identifying the critical features of complex interventions.
92  intracardiac anatomy
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
MRI (1 time)
2006 Echocardiographic assessment of conjoined twins.
93  intracoronary artery
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
AMI (1 time)
BMMNC (1 time)
HBTF (1 time)
2007 Association between circulating level of CD40 ligand and angiographic morphologic features indicating high-burden thrombus formation in patients with acute myocardial infarction undergoing primary coronary intervention.
94  intracranial
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
AIS (1 time)
CEA (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1994 Unilateral supraclinoid internal carotid artery stenosis with moyamoya-like vasculopathy. Noninvasive assessments.
95  intracranial atherosclerosis
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
FA (2 times)
HCD (2 times)
IFN-gamma (2 times)
2018 PM2.5 inhalation induces intracranial atherosclerosis which may be ameliorated by omega 3 fatty acids.
96  Intramedullary cavernous angioma
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
MRI (1 time)
NPS (1 time)
2014 Surgical management of intramedullary cavernous angiomas and analysis pain relief.
97  intramolecular chaperone auto-processing
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
DBD (1 time)
ER (1 time)
MYRF (1 time)
2018 Structure of the DNA-binding domain of human myelin-gene regulatory factor reveals its potential protein-DNA recognition mode.
98  intramural coronary arteries
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ECA (1 time)
MCA (1 time)
WHHL (1 time)
1988 Distribution and progression of coronary arterial and aortic lesions in the conventional Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic rabbit--quantitative analysis.
99  invasive cervical adenocarcinoma
(2 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
ACIS (1 time)
CGIN (1 time)
CIN (1 time)
2012 Predictors of invasive adenocarcinoma after conization for cervical adenocarcinoma in situ.
100  islet-like cell aggregates
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
CVB4 (1 time)
hBMC (1 time)
STZ (1 time)
2011 Human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal cells differentiate and mature into endocrine pancreatic lineage in vivo.