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Abbreviation: ICB
Appearance Frequency: 654 time(s)
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
immune checkpoint blockade
(343 times)
Neoplasms
(154 times)
PD-L1 (28 times)
TME (26 times)
PD-1 (23 times)
2016 Management of immune checkpoint blockade dysimmune toxicities: a collaborative position paper.
iris-ciliary body
(58 times)
Ophthalmology
(46 times)
EIU (17 times)
LPS (16 times)
NO (11 times)
1982 Alpha-adrenergic stimulation of prostaglandin release from rabbit iris-ciliary body in vitro.
intracranial bleeding
(34 times)
Hematology
(6 times)
SAH (4 times)
AF (3 times)
CT (3 times)
1994 Outcome of patients after air medical transport for management of nontraumatic acute intracranial bleeding.
intracavitary brachytherapy
(21 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
EBRT (3 times)
CC (2 times)
FSD (2 times)
1990 Stage IV-A carcinoma of the cervix.
intercellular bridge
(15 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
AdoCbl (1 time)
CITK (1 time)
ecH2B (1 time)
1985 The metabolism of cobalamin bound to transcobalamin II and to glycoproteins that bind Cbl in HepG2 cells (human hepatoma).
impulsive-compulsive behavior
(13 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
PD (12 times)
DDS (2 times)
BE (1 time)
2010 Risk and learning in impulsive and nonimpulsive patients with Parkinson's disease.
infraclavicular brachial plexus block
(12 times)
Anesthesiology
(8 times)
HB (2 times)
AXB (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2003 A comparison of a single-stimulation lateral infraclavicular plexus block with a triple-stimulation axillary block.
intracerebellar
(12 times)
Brain
(4 times)
nAChR (3 times)
CHA (2 times)
PAM (2 times)
1990 Glycine, glycinamide and D-serine act as positive modulators of signal transduction at the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor in vivo: differential effects on mouse cerebellar cyclic guanosine monophosphate levels.
infraclavicular block
(9 times)
Anesthesiology
(5 times)
BPBs (3 times)
MD (3 times)
RR (3 times)
2010 Infraclavicular brachial plexus block for regional anaesthesia of the lower arm.
10  intercostal nerve block
(8 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
VAS (3 times)
BUP (1 time)
HR (1 time)
1982 Bupivacaine for intercostal nerve blockade in patients on long-term beta-receptor blocking therapy.
11  iris and ciliary body
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
EIU (4 times)
LPS (3 times)
ACE (1 time)
1977 Mechanism of steroid action in ocular inflammation: Inhibition of prostaglandin production.
12  inverted CCAAT box
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
CMV promoter (1 time)
EMSA (1 time)
ICBd (1 time)
1996 Regulation of the human topoisomerase IIalpha gene promoter in confluence-arrested cells.
13  impulse control behaviors
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
PD (4 times)
CBT (1 time)
GKC (1 time)
2013 Trial of CBT for impulse control behaviors affecting Parkinson patients and their caregivers.
14  inner core boundary
(4 times)
Science
(3 times)
IC (1 time)
UIC (1 time)
2000 Physics of iron at Earth's core conditions
15  intercostal blocks
(4 times)
Anesthesiology
(3 times)
PCA (3 times)
IPA (2 times)
NLA (1 time)
1989 [The single intercostal block--surgical and therapeutic indications].
16  infracardiac bursa
(3 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
CS (2 times)
CME (1 time)
EGJ (1 time)
2019 Revisiting the infracardiac bursa using multimodal methods: topographic anatomy for surgery of the esophagogastric junction.
17  Integrating Concepts in Biology
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
MCAT (1 time)
2013 Implementing recommendations for introductory biology by writing a new textbook.
18  interpersonal citizenship behavior
(3 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
OCB (1 time)
2002 Relationship quality and relationship context as antecedents of person- and task-focused interpersonal citizenship behavior.
19  intracellular bacteria
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
BAL (1 time)
BRL (1 time)
FB (1 time)
1993 [Comparative study of protected alveolar lavage versus occluded telescopic catheter in patients with suspected pneumonia and under mechanic ventilation].
20  Italian Committee for Bioethics
(3 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
--- 2019 Organ donor families should be free to meet their recipients under controlled conditions if both sides wish, Italian National Committee for Bioethics says. Commentary.
21  alpha-Iso-cubebene
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
SC (2 times)
VSMC (2 times)
MLC (1 time)
2017 alpha-Iso-Cubebene Inhibits PDGF-Induced Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation by Suppressing Osteopontin Expression.
22  immune complex binding
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
DENV (1 time)
EDIII (1 time)
ICs (1 time)
2013 Detection of serotype-specific antibodies to the four dengue viruses using an immune complex binding (ICB) ELISA.
23  impedance compensated biphasic
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
AF (1 time)
AP (1 time)
2004 Efficacy of distinct energy delivery protocols comparing two biphasic defibrillators for cardiac arrest.
24  inactivated channel block
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ACB (2 times)
1987 Block of activated and inactivated sodium channels by class-I antiarrhythmic drugs studied by using the maximum upstroke velocity (Vmax) of action potential in guinea-pig cardiac muscles.
25  inner conical body
(2 times)
Anatomy
(1 time)
DVN (1 time)
F-SCs (1 time)
SVNs (1 time)
1992 The morphology and innervation of facial vibrissae in the tammar wallaby, Macropus eugenii.
26  intercostobrachial
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ALMANAC (1 time)
ALND (1 time)
SLN (1 time)
2003 Impact of the preservation of the intercostobrachial nerve in axillary lymphadenectomy due to breast cancer.
27  intracameral bevacizumab
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
IOP (2 times)
FVP (1 time)
IVB (1 time)
2009 Intracameral bevacizumab (Avastin) for neovascular glaucoma: a pilot study in 6 patients.
28  intracellular cobalamin-binding protein
(2 times)
Science
(2 times)
Cbl (1 time)
MeCbl (1 time)
TCII (1 time)
1975 Absence of an intracellular cobalamin-binding protein in cultured fibroblasts from patients with defective synthesis of 5'-deoxyadenosylcobalamin and methylcobalamin.
29  intracystic bleomycin
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
CRPs (1 time)
CVE (1 time)
2012 Vasculopathy after intracystic bleomycin administration for a recurrent cystic craniopharyngioma: case report.
30  Ionized Cluster Beam
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
--- 2001 Application of ion beam techniques for preparation of metal ion-implanted TiO2 thin film photocatalyst available under visible light irradiation: metal ion-implantation and ionized cluster beam method.
31  4-isothiocyanatobutyrate
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
GS (1 time)
IC (1 time)
1992 Response of flea beetles,Phyllotreta spp., to mustard oils and nitriles in field trapping experiments.
32  ConspectusImmune checkpoint blockade
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
aPD-L1 (1 time)
aPD1 (1 time)
CAP (1 time)
2020 Local and Targeted Delivery of Immune Checkpoint Blockade Therapeutics.
33  IC broiler
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CBS (1 time)
IC (1 time)
ICD (1 time)
2013 Evaluation of breeding objectives for purebred and crossbred selection schemes for adoption in indigenous chicken breeding programmes.
34  ICB group
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
--- 2004 Donor intracranial bleeding is associated with advanced transplant coronary vasculopathy: evidence from intravascular ultrasound.
35  Identification and Classification of Bacteria
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
gyrB (1 time)
2001 ICB database: the gyrB database for identification and classification of bacteria.
36  iliac cancellous bone
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BMA (1 time)
CFU (1 time)
CTP-O (1 time)
2017 The Efficiency of Bone Marrow Aspiration for the Harvest of Connective Tissue Progenitors from the Human Iliac Crest.
37  iliac crest biopsies
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
2009 Teriparatide following bisphosphonates: initial and long-term effects on microarchitecture and bone remodeling at the human iliac crest.
38  iliac crest bone
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
MBG (1 time)
UCLP (1 time)
1990 Reconstruction of alveolar clefts with mandibular or iliac crest bone grafts: a comparative study.
39  immobilized cell bioreactor
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
amoA (1 time)
T-RFLP (1 time)
TFB (1 time)
2002 Spatial distribution of total, ammonia-oxidizing, and denitrifying bacteria in biological wastewater treatment reactors for bioregenerative life support.
40  immune-checkpoints blockade therapy
(1 time)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
CTLA-4 (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
PD-1 (1 time)
2019 Patients Selection for Immunotherapy in Solid Tumors: Overcome the Naive Vision of a Single Biomarker.
41  immunotherapy.Immune checkpoint blockade
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Checkpoint blockade immunotherapy reshapes the high-dimensional phenotypic heterogeneity of murine intratumoural neoantigen-specific CD8+ T cells.
42  implementation citizenship behavior
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
EBP (1 time)
ICBS (1 time)
OCB (1 time)
2015 Going above and beyond for implementation: the development and validity testing of the Implementation Citizenship Behavior Scale (ICBS).
43  imposed and controlled breathing
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
HRV (1 time)
RSA (1 time)
2009 Respiratory sinus arrhythmia on the ESA-short-arm human centrifuge.
44  impression cytology of buccal mucosa
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
ICC (1 time)
LSB (1 time)
SJ (1 time)
1991 Sjogren's syndrome: a comparative study of impression cytology of the conjunctiva and buccal mucosa, and salivary gland biopsy.
45  inappropriate compensatory behavior in order to prevent weight gain
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
BED (1 time)
BN (1 time)
2002 Classification of type 1 diabetic females with bulimia nervosa into subgroups according to purging behavior.
46  incomplete block
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
Ab-L (1 time)
CB (1 time)
DPCs (1 time)
2005 Assessment of ability of activation mapping by duodecapolar catheter to diagnose complete isthmus block utilizing electroanatomical mapping system.
47  incomplete cecal bypass
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CCB (1 time)
1987 Ileocolostomy. A technique for surgical management of equine cecal impaction.
48  indigo-carmine blue
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
ICAs (1 time)
RDT (1 time)
2004 Retinal discoloration test.
49  inducing change blindness
(1 time)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
DSPS (1 time)
GS (1 time)
PI (1 time)
2006 Who is pre-occupied with sleep? A comparison of attention bias in people with psychophysiological insomnia, delayed sleep phase syndrome and good sleepers using the induced change blindness paradigm.
50  infection control barrier
(1 time)
LCUs (1 time)
LED (1 time)
2018 Infection Control Barrier and Curing Time as Factors Affecting the Irradiance of Light-Cure Units.
51  inferior concha bullosa
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
1999 Inferior concha bullosa--a radiological and clinical rarity.
52  Inflammatory carcinoma of the breast
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1990 [Current diagnosis of classic mastitis carcinomatosa].
53  inflammatory changes in breast tissue
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BEST (1 time)
CA (1 time)
NL (1 time)
2002 Mitochondrial uptake of sestamibi distinguishes between normal, inflammatory breast changes, pre-cancers, and infiltrating breast cancer.
54  inflammatory changes of the breast
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BEST (1 time)
CA (1 time)
MCA (1 time)
2002 Breast enhanced scintigraphy testing distinguishes between normal, inflammatory breast changes, and breast cancer: a prospective analysis and comparison with mammography.
55  Infraclavicular brachial plexus block with double stimulation
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Resident versus staff anesthesiologist performance: coracoid approach to infraclavicular brachial plexus blocks using a double-stimulation technique.
56  infraclavicular coracoid block
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Single stimulation of the posterior cord is superior to dual nerve stimulation in a coracoid block.
57  inhibitory checkpoint blockade therapy
(1 time)
irAEs (1 time)
RA (1 time)
2019 Impact of prophylactic TNF blockade in the dual PD-1 and CTLA-4 immunotherapy efficacy and toxicity.
58  inner choroidal boundary
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
OCB (1 time)
OCT (1 time)
2013 Automatic segmentation of choroidal thickness in optical coherence tomography.
59  Inner Commuter Belt
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
AT (1 time)
IC (1 time)
OCB (1 time)
2011 "Active living" related to the rural-urban continuum: a time-use perspective.
60  Insoluble Chromogenic Biomass
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CAZy (1 time)
CAZymes (1 time)
CPH (1 time)
2016 High-throughput Screening of Carbohydrate-degrading Enzymes Using Novel Insoluble Chromogenic Substrate Assay Kits.
61  Insulation Cork Boards
(1 time)
LCA (1 time)
2016 Insulation Cork Boards-Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of an Organic Construction Material.
62  integrated care bundle
(1 time)
Surgical Instruments
(1 time)
GV/MB (2 times)
BWAT (1 time)
2019 Improving the Quality of Chronic Wound Care Using an Advanced Wound Management Program and Gentian Violet/Methylene Blue-Impregnated Antibacterial (GV/MB) Dressings: A Retrospective Study.
63  Integrated Chemical Biophysics
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
SAP (1 time)
2012 Towards mimicking short linear peptide motifs: identification of new mixed alpha,beta-peptidomimetic ligands for SLAM-Associated Protein (SAP) by confocal on-bead screening.
64  integrated continuous biomanufacturing
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
NPVs (1 time)
2015 The business impact of an integrated continuous biomanufacturing platform for recombinant protein production.
65  integrated, continuous bioprocessing
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
SU (1 time)
2019 Modeling the Downstream Processing of Monoclonal Antibodies Reveals Cost Advantages for Continuous Methods for a Broad Range of Manufacturing Scales.
66  Integrative and Comparative Biology
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2020 It Takes Two to Tango: Including a Female Perspective in Reproductive Biology.
67  intercardiacal bridge
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CC (1 time)
NCA (1 time)
1976 Neuroendocrine organs of the lemon-butterfly, Papilio demoleus L. II. The corpora cardiaca-allata complex of the adult.
68  intercentriolar body
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
--- 2004 Reinvestigation of spermiogenesis in the proteocephalidean cestode Proteocephalus longicollis (Zeder, 1800).
69  interclinical bills
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
AVM (1 time)
2003 Direct costs of microsurgical management of radiosurgically amenable intracranial pathology in Germany: an analysis of meningiomas, acoustic neuromas, metastases and arteriovenous malformations of less than 3 cm in diameter.
70  interconnect box
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
IDC (1 time)
IPA (1 time)
PDMS (1 time)
2020 A Microwave Platform for Reliable and Instant Interconnecting Combined with Microwave-Microfluidic Interdigital Capacitor Chips for Sensing Applications.
71  intercuff block
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
IVRA (1 time)
1990 Bier's block revisited: intercuff block.
72  intermediate cervical block alone
(1 time)
CEA (1 time)
DCB (1 time)
PVB (1 time)
2019 Effects of regional anesthesia techniques on local anesthetic plasma levels and complications in carotid surgery: a randomized controlled pilot trial.
73  intermittent compression boots
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
VTE (1 time)
2012 Timing of preoperative pharmacoprophylaxis for pancreatic surgery patients: a venous thromboembolism reduction initiative.
74  internal carotid bulb
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CCB (1 time)
CEA (1 time)
2002 Long-term geometric stability of saphenous vein patched carotid endarterectomy.
75  internal conoidal bundle
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GCM (1 time)
PM (1 time)
1986 Phosphorus-31 nuclear magnetic resonance study of post mortem catabolism and intracellular pH in intact excised rabbit muscle.
76  International Conference on Biometrics
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
--- 2020 Wearable Sensor-Based Gait Analysis for Age and Gender Estimation.
77  intertendinous calcaneal bursa
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
GCB (1 time)
SCB (1 time)
TC (1 time)
2007 An anatomic study of the calcaneal bursae in the horse.
78  Intracardiac blood
(1 time)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
FB (1 time)
PB (1 time)
PMR (1 time)
2016 Popliteal Vein Blood Sampling and the Postmortem Redistribution of Diazepam, Methadone, and Morphine.
79  intracellular bacteria index
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
BAL (1 time)
1997 Phagocytic activity of bronchoalveolar lavage neutrophils in intensive care unit patients on mechanical ventilation.
80  intracellular fixation buffer
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
NDV (1 time)
PBS (1 time)
2018 Intracellular fixation buffer inactivates Newcastle disease virus in chicken allantoic fluid, macrophages and splenocytes.
81  intracervical balloon placement
(1 time)
Perinatal Care
(1 time)
IUPC (1 time)
PROM (1 time)
2016 Use of intracervical balloons and chorioamnionitis in term premature rupture of membranes.
82  intracisternal bead devices
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1988 Effects of intracisternal bead devices on lacteal secretion components, plaque formation, and bacterial infection during the nonlactating period.
83  intracranial bruit
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 1978 Significance of intracranial bruits in neonates, infants, and young children.
84  intracystic bleomycin therapy
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CPBTC (1 time)
2007 Intracystic bleomycin therapy for craniopharyngioma in children: the Canadian experience.
85  intracystic bodies
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
PC (1 time)
1994 Ultrastructural demonstration of a pore in the cyst wall of Pneumocystis carinii.
86  intracytoplasmic eosinophilic bodies
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
HPV (1 time)
1995 Detection of human papillomaviruses and eccrine ducts in palmoplantar epidermoid cysts.
87  intravascular cannula bacteriemia
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1990 [Bacteremia originated in intravascular cannulae: an epidemiologic study of 91 episodes].
88  intraventricular conductional block
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ARVC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2019 Bradyarrhythmias in Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy.
89  Inventory of Countertransference Behavior
(1 time)
Psychotherapy
(1 time)
MSRS (2 times)
2008 Mental states as part of countertransference responses in psychotherapists facing reports of traumatic events of mourning and sexual violence.
90  ion channel blockers
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
2005 On the paradox of ion channel blockade and its benefits in the treatment of Alzheimer disease.
91  ionic Coulomb blockade
(1 time)
Cell Membrane
(1 time)
QD (1 time)
SF (1 time)
2020 Ionic Coulomb blockade and the determinants of selectivity in the NaChBac bacterial sodium channel.
92  Iranian Congress of Biochemistry
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ICBMB (1 time)
2005 Abstracts from the 8th Iranian Congress of Biochemistry (ICB) and First International Congress of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ICBMB). Tehran, Iran. September 11-15, 2005.
93  iron-coated biochar
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
DEA (1 time)
TN (1 time)
TP (1 time)
2019 Bioretention cell incorporating Fe-biochar and saturated zones for enhanced stormwater runoff treatment.
94  iron-corroding bacterium
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
SEM-EDS (1 time)
TEM (1 time)
XRD (1 time)
2017 Effects of iron nanoparticles on iron-corroding bacteria.
95  irradiance at the centre of the light beam
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2011 Effect of distance on irradiance and beam homogeneity from 4 light-emitting diode curing units.
96  irradiated allogeniccancellous bone and marrow
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2005 A method of sealing perforated sinus membrane and histologic finding of bone substitutes: a case report.
97  ischemic compression blockage
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
MTrPs (1 time)
PPT (1 time)
PTRP (1 time)
2010 Ischemic compression block attenuates mechanical hyperalgesia evoked from latent myofascial trigger points.
98  isocapnic buffering
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
AT (1 time)
RCP (1 time)
2017 Evaluation of relationship between aerobic fitness level and range of isocapnic buffering periods during incremental exercise test.
99  Kissiris-immobilized cell bioreactor
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2012 Biodegradation of phenol by Ralstonia eutropha in a Kissiris-immobilized cell bioreactor.