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Abbreviation: ICD
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Long forms: 272

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
implantable cardioverter defibrillator
(5083 times)
Cardiology
(3571 times)
VT (519 times)
SCD (448 times)
VF (345 times)
0 Causes of death and heart pathology in pacemaker or implantable cardioverter-def ibrillator patients who died in hospital.
International Classification of Diseases
(1227 times)
Medicine
(148 times)
CI (95 times)
DSM (68 times)
WHO (40 times)
1973 [Further development of the ICD (International classification of disease)].
immunogenic cell death
(295 times)
Neoplasms
(100 times)
DAMPs (57 times)
CRT (37 times)
HMGB1 (37 times)
2012 Premortem autophagy determines the immunogenicity of chemotherapy-induced cancer cell death.
intracellular domain
(187 times)
Biochemistry
(47 times)
ECD (24 times)
APP (7 times)
AD (6 times)
1992 Development of solid-phase enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays for the determination of epidermal growth factor receptor and pp60c-src tyrosine protein kinase activity.
irritant contact dermatitis
(159 times)
Dermatology
(98 times)
ACD (54 times)
SLS (20 times)
AD (14 times)
1986 Immunopathological and ultrastructural findings in human allergic and irritant contact dermatitis.
induced circular dichroism
(130 times)
Chemistry
(79 times)
CD (18 times)
HSA (7 times)
TEM (6 times)
1989 Interaction of antitumour agent mitoxantrone with poly[d(G-C)]--a circular dichroic study.
impulse control disorders
(108 times)
Neurology
(58 times)
PD (75 times)
DRT (12 times)
DDS (11 times)
1990 Platelet serotonin decrease in alcoholic patients.
isocitrate dehydrogenase
(66 times)
Microbiology
(7 times)
MDH (9 times)
G6PD (8 times)
ME (6 times)
1960 Serum transaminases and isocitric dehydrogenase in kwashiorkor.
International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems
(59 times)
Psychiatry
(9 times)
DSM (8 times)
WHO (8 times)
AIS (2 times)
2001 Effective coding in birth defects surveillance.
10  initial claudication distance
(53 times)
Vascular Diseases
(38 times)
ACD (35 times)
PAD (16 times)
ABI (14 times)
1987 Effects of pentoxifylline on severe intermittent claudication.
11  intercanthal distance
(48 times)
General Surgery
(15 times)
IPD (15 times)
OCD (9 times)
PFL (3 times)
1980 Inner intercanthal and interorbital distances.
12  immune complex dissociation
(47 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(14 times)
HIV (10 times)
HIV-1 (7 times)
ELISA (5 times)
1993 Improved detection of serum HIV p24 antigen after acid dissociation of immune complexes.
13  interatomic Coulombic decay
(45 times)
Chemistry
(21 times)
ETMD (2 times)
CAP (1 time)
EOM-CC (1 time)
2003 Experimental evidence for interatomic coulombic decay in Ne clusters.
14  intercalated disc
(27 times)
Cell Biology
(7 times)
Cx43 (5 times)
STZ (4 times)
CA (3 times)
1986 Immunohistochemical demonstration of keratin proteins in duct-ligated salivary glands of mice and rats.
15  I-cell disease
(23 times)
Genetics, Medical
(4 times)
SAPs (3 times)
M6PR (2 times)
MPR (2 times)
1975 I-cell disease (mucolipidosis II):a report on its pathology.
16  intercapillary distance
(23 times)
Vascular Diseases
(8 times)
CD (5 times)
CapA (3 times)
VEGF (3 times)
1976 Coronary intercapillary distance during growth: relation to PtO2 and aerobic capacity.
17  induced CD
(20 times)
Chemistry
(12 times)
CD (12 times)
CT (3 times)
5,6-dmp (1 time)
1989 Protein binding of quinolonecarboxylic acids. II. Spectral changes on the interaction of cinoxacin, nalidixic acid and pipemidic acid with human and rat albumins.
18  intercostal drainage
(20 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
VATS (4 times)
TB (3 times)
CT (2 times)
1996 Intercostal tube drainage of pleura: urosac as chest drainage bag.
19  intermolecular Coulombic decay
(19 times)
Chemistry
(12 times)
CAP/EOMCCSD (1 time)
CASSCF (1 time)
EMA (1 time)
2005 The fate of dicationic states in molecular clusters of benzene and related compounds.
20  idiopathic cervical dystonia
(18 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
BTX (4 times)
BTX-A (2 times)
TWSTRS (2 times)
1996 Botulinum toxin versus trihexyphenidyl in cervical dystonia: a prospective, randomized, double-blind controlled trial.
21  International Statistical Classification of Diseases
(17 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
CI (2 times)
SA (2 times)
ACEI (1 time)
1970 Diagnostic index for diseases of the eye. Based on the International Statistical Classification of Diseases (ICD).
22  intercostal chest drain
(16 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
CECT (2 times)
IQR (2 times)
CENTRAL (1 time)
2008 Intra-pleural fibrinolytic therapy versus conservative management in the treatment of adult parapneumonic effusions and empyema.
23  informed consent document
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
ICF (2 times)
ECs (1 time)
FAQ (1 time)
2004 [Readability of informed consent documents used in the hospitals of Asturias].
24  ischemic cerebrovascular disease
(14 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
HDL (2 times)
CAD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1978 Normal serum-cholesterol but low H.D.L.-cholesterol concentration in young patients with ischaemic cerebrovascular disease.
25  immunogenic cancer cell death
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
ER (3 times)
HMGB1 (3 times)
DAMPs (2 times)
2013 Strange attractors: DAMPs and autophagy link tumor cell death and immunity.
26  intrinsic connectivity distribution
(9 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(6 times)
rs-fMRI (2 times)
AHRS (1 time)
AVHs (1 time)
2012 The intrinsic connectivity distribution: a novel contrast measure reflecting voxel level functional connectivity.
27  inertial cavitation dose
(8 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(5 times)
FUS (3 times)
PCD (3 times)
HIFU (2 times)
2006 Quantitative relations of acoustic inertial cavitation with sonoporation and cell viability.
28  ischemic coronary disease
(8 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
AAD (1 time)
LVP (1 time)
MCs (1 time)
1995 [Nosogeny in "silent" myocardial ischemia].
29  immune complex disease
(7 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
ADA (1 time)
CI (1 time)
mAb (1 time)
1982 Development of chronic pulmonary inflammation in immunized guinea pigs by aerosol challenge with antigen: relationship of immune complex disease and cell-mediated hypersensitivity.
30  immunocompromised cutaneous district
(7 times)
Dermatology
(7 times)
CSS (1 time)
GA (1 time)
hBD-2 (1 time)
2013 Opportunistic metastatic porocarcinoma after saphenous venectomy for coronary bypass surgery.
31  Injuries, and Causes of Death
(7 times)
Public Health
(5 times)
CONTENT (1 time)
EMR (1 time)
ICPC (1 time)
1972 [Participation of Czechoslovakia in the preparation of the 9th decennial revision of the international statistical classification of diseases, injuries and causes of death (ICD)].
32  intercondylar distance
(7 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
IMD (3 times)
OA (3 times)
AJLCA (1 time)
2010 Normal development of the knee angle in healthy Indian children: a clinical study of 215 children.
33  interdigital cell death
(7 times)
Embryology
(3 times)
AER (1 time)
BMP (1 time)
BMPs (1 time)
2009 Progressive interdigital cell death: regulation by the antagonistic interaction between fibroblast growth factor 8 and retinoic acid.
34  International Code of Diseases
(7 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
AE (1 time)
EAACI (1 time)
WAO (1 time)
2005 Indicators of injury burden: which types are the most important?
35  Isocorydine
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
HCC (5 times)
CSCs (2 times)
d-ICD (2 times)
2012 Isocorydine targets the drug-resistant cellular side population through PDCD4-related apoptosis in hepatocellular carcinoma.
36  ileal Crohn's disease
(6 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
cCD (2 times)
IBD (2 times)
AIEC (1 time)
1990 Scintigraphic assessment of indium-111-labeled granulocyte splenic pooling: a new approach to inflammatory bowel disease activity.
37  intercarotid distance
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
CCAs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2013 Internal carotid arterial shift after transsphenoidal surgery in pituitary adenomas with cavernous sinus invasion.
38  intracoronary Doppler
(6 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
IVUS (4 times)
CFVR (3 times)
LAD (2 times)
1995 Improvement of coronary morphology and blood flow after stenting. Assessment by intravascular ultrasound and intracoronary Doppler.
39  isotope-coded derivatization
(6 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(5 times)
AD (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
DDA (1 time)
2014 IsoMS: automated processing of LC-MS data generated by a chemical isotope labeling metabolomics platform.
40  iterative coordinate descent
(6 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
MBIR (2 times)
EM (1 time)
GPUs (1 time)
1996 A unified approach to statistical tomography using coordinate descent optimization.
41  Idiopathic chronic diarrhea
(5 times)
Environmental Microbiology
(1 time)
CRESS DNA (1 time)
IL (1 time)
MC (1 time)
2012 Therapeutic helminth infection of macaques with idiopathic chronic diarrhea alters the inflammatory signature and mucosal microbiota of the colon.
42  infection control doctor
(5 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
ICN (3 times)
ICT (2 times)
ICC (1 time)
2001 [The roles of the infection control doctor (ICD) and infection control nurse (ICN)].
43  interchromosomal domain
(5 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
EM (1 time)
HSRs (1 time)
MLS (1 time)
1993 Evidence for a nuclear compartment of transcription and splicing located at chromosome domain boundaries.
44  International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision
(5 times)
Translational Medical Research
(1 time)
AY (1 time)
BS (1 time)
CAGR (1 time)
2003 Predictors of cardiac and noncardiac mortality among 14,697 patients with coronary heart disease.
45  IC dose
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
IC (4 times)
US (3 times)
PCD (2 times)
2003 Inertial cavitation dose and hemolysis produced in vitro with or without Optison.
46  ileal conduit diversion
(4 times)
Urology
(3 times)
AUA (1 time)
BS (1 time)
EAU (1 time)
2012 Long-term renal function after urinary diversion by ileal conduit or orthotopic ileal bladder substitution.
47  immunocompromised district
(4 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
DF (1 time)
KS (1 time)
RLCS (1 time)
2013 Monolesional Kaposi sarcoma at the site of slow healing herpes zoster in an HIV+ patient: immunocompromised district in an immunocompromised patient.
48  inter-canine distance
(4 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
ADA (1 time)
IMD (1 time)
MD (1 time)
2003 Transversal palatal expansion using a palatal distractor.
49  intracardiac device
(4 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
HF (2 times)
BMD (1 time)
CKD (1 time)
1984 Pituitary and ovarian function and clinical performance during the use of a levonorgestrel-releasing intracervical contraceptive device.
50  intracellular C-terminal domain
(4 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
APP (2 times)
AD (1 time)
CP2 (1 time)
2003 gamma-Secretase cleavage and binding to FE65 regulate the nuclear translocation of the intracellular C-terminal domain (ICD) of the APP family of proteins.
51  Intramolecular conjugate displacement
(4 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
--- 2009 Formation of carbocycles by intramolecular conjugate displacement: scope and mechanistic insights.
52  Isothermal chemical denaturation
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
DSF (1 time)
2017 Isothermal chemical denaturation of large proteins: Path-dependence and irreversibility.
53  Itsenko-Cushing disease
(4 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AH (1 time)
ANS (1 time)
TTAGD (1 time)
1989 [Glucocorticoids in patients with tumors of the adrenal cortex].
54  implantable cardiac device
(3 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
CRT (1 time)
ECGs (1 time)
2011 What can be done when asymptomatic patients discover they have Brugada syndrome? A case report of Brugada syndrome.
55  implantable cardioverter
(3 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
EF (2 times)
BNP (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
2017 National experience with long-term use of the wearable cardioverter defibrillator in patients with cardiomyopathy.
56  implantable cardioverter device
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CHF (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
EMS (1 time)
2002 Resolution of electrical storms after discontinuation of ICD therapy in a child with long QT syndrome.
57  Impulsive-compulsive disorders
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
PD (3 times)
DAs (1 time)
DRT (1 time)
2013 Factors associated with the development of impulse compulsive disorders in Parkinson patients.
58  induced CD band
(3 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
5,6-dmp (1 time)
AO/EB (1 time)
BBA (1 time)
2012 Mixed ligand copper(II) complexes of N,N-bis(benzimidazol-2-ylmethyl)amine (BBA) with diimine co-ligands: efficient chemical nuclease and protease activities and cytotoxicity.
59  inflammatory cell density
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
BUT (2 times)
IVCM (2 times)
MG (2 times)
2010 The efficacy, sensitivity, and specificity of in vivo laser confocal microscopy in the diagnosis of meibomian gland dysfunction.
60  Inhibitory Concentration in Diffusion
(3 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
MIC (2 times)
1994 An accurate diffusion method for determining bacterial sensitivity to antibiotics.
61  integrated circuit detector
(3 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
IR (3 times)
CT (2 times)
FBP (2 times)
2014 Feasible Dose Reduction in Routine Chest Computed Tomography Maintaining Constant Image Quality Using the Last Three Scanner Generations: From Filtered Back Projection to Sinogram-affirmed Iterative Reconstruction and Impact of the Novel Fully Integrated Detector Design Minimizing Electronic Noise.
62  inter-Coulombic decay
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
ICEC (1 time)
2010 Importance of electronic relaxation for inter-coulombic decay in aqueous systems.
63  intercalated duct cells
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CK (3 times)
ECD (3 times)
GTC (3 times)
1999 [Immunohistochemical detection of cytokeratins in the irradiated mandibular gland of the Wistar rat].
64  intercommissural distance
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
AAE (1 time)
Ann (1 time)
BAV (1 time)
2013 Correlation of Lip Prints with Gender, ABO Blood Groups and Intercommissural Distance.
65  intergenerational cultural dissonance
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
--- 2008 Intergenerational Cultural Dissonance, Parent-Child Conflict and Bonding, and Youth Problem Behaviors among Vietnamese and Cambodian Immigrant Families.
66  internal carotid artery dissection
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ICA (1 time)
IICD (1 time)
NINDS (1 time)
1995 Spontaneous internal carotid artery dissection: early diagnosis and management in 44 patients.
67  Internet-communication disorder
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2016 Internet-Communication Disorder: It's a Matter of Social Aspects, Coping, and Internet-Use Expectancies.
68  intrauterine contraceptive device
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
LNG (1 time)
1991 [Our experience with the use of the new Bulgarian intrauterine contraceptive device, the Venus Cu 300 (preliminary report)].
69  iodine concentration difference
(3 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
AP (2 times)
HCC (2 times)
LNR (2 times)
2011 Differentiation of small hepatic hemangioma from small hepatocellular carcinoma: recently introduced spectral CT method.
70  Irinotecan plus cisplatin and dexamethasone
(3 times)
Antineoplastic Agents
(1 time)
DLBL (1 time)
EFS (1 time)
PFS (1 time)
2008 Irinotecan plus cisplatin and dexamethasone (ICD) combination chemotherapy for patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma previously treated with Rituximab plus CHOP.
71  immune complex deposits
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
LN (1 time)
NNV (1 time)
2003 The effect of IL-12 on clinical and laboratory aspects of experimental SLE in young and aging mice.
72  immunochemical detection
(2 times)
Technology
(1 time)
LC (2 times)
LTE4 (1 time)
SPE (1 time)
1994 Bioanalysis of digoxin and its metabolites using direct serum injection combined with liquid chromatography and on-line immunochemical detection.
73  immunogenic form of cancer cell death
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
BMDCs (1 time)
DAMPs (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2019 An emerging role for nanomaterials in increasing immunogenicity of cancer cell death.
74  implantable ventricular cardioverter defibrillators
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AERP (1 time)
AF (1 time)
AFib (1 time)
1998 Detection of atrial activity from high-voltage leads of implantable ventricular defibrillators using a cancellation technique.
75  indigo carmin dye
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
BET (1 time)
EDX (1 time)
FSB (1 time)
2003 [Role of chromoendoscopy in colorectal polyps handling].
76  INF1-triggered cell death
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
INF1 (1 time)
2018 The Potato MAP3K StVIK Is Required for the Phytophthora infestans RXLR Effector Pi17316 to Promote Disease.
77  infection cell density
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
PCD (2 times)
vDNA (2 times)
beta-Gal (1 time)
2015 Effect of the peak cell density of recombinant AcMNPV-infected Hi5 cells on baculovirus yields.
78  inherited coagulation disorders
(2 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
AP (1 time)
ICB (1 time)
RBD (1 time)
2013 High prevalence of radiolucent periapical lesions amongst patients with inherited coagulation disorders.
79  institutional care division
(2 times)
Hospitals
(1 time)
--- 1996 Formularies in integrated health systems: Sharp HealthCare.
80  integrase coding domain
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
MD (1 time)
2000 Diversity in the integrase coding domain of a gypsy-like retrotransposon among wild relatives of rice in the Oryza officinalis complex.
81  integrated conservation and development
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
--- 2012 Park gazettement and integrated conservation and development as factors in community conflict at Bwindi Impenetrable Forest, Uganda.
82  Intelligence Community Directive
(2 times)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
--- 2018 Better Together: Reliable Application of the Post-9/11 and Post-Iraq US Intelligence Tradecraft Standards Requires Collective Analysis.
83  Intentional cranial deformations
(2 times)
Anthropology
(1 time)
--- 2013 Shape and volume of craniofacial cavities in intentional skull deformations.
84  interatrial conduction delay
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AF (1 time)
CS (1 time)
ERPs (1 time)
1992 The influence of advancing age on the electrophysiological changes of the atrial muscle induced by programmed atrial stimulation.
85  interchromatin domain
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
CTs (1 time)
DMs (1 time)
2000 Chromosome territories, interchromatin domain compartment, and nuclear matrix: an integrated view of the functional nuclear architecture.
86  intermittent claudication distance
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AWD (1 time)
IC (1 time)
IPC (1 time)
2006 Assessing the validity and responsiveness of disease-specific quality of life instruments in intermittent claudication.
87  internal conserved domain
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
BCCIP (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
NAD (1 time)
2001 Inhibition of breast and brain cancer cell growth by BCCIPalpha, an evolutionarily conserved nuclear protein that interacts with BRCA2.
88  intracoronary diltiazem
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ICN (1 time)
LIS (1 time)
1995 Clinical effects and utility of intracoronary diltiazem.
89  intraventricular conduction delay
(2 times)
Sleep
(1 time)
AHI (1 time)
BS (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1999 [Clinical characteristics, familial distribution and preliminary genetic data in 9 different families with "Brugada's syndrome"].
90  inverted colonic diverticula
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
--- 2008 [Inverted colonic diverticula: an uncommon endoscopic finding].
91  ion conversion dynode
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
FT-ICR MS (1 time)
mAb3E7 (1 time)
MALDI (1 time)
2008 Epitope mapping on bovine prion protein using chemical cross-linking and mass spectrometry.
92  ipsilateral cerebellar diaschisis
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CCD (2 times)
ASL-MRI (1 time)
SPECT (1 time)
1993 Secondary changes in cerebellar perfusion (diaschisis) in hemiplegia during childhood: SPECT study of 55 children.
93  irritant CD
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
CD (2 times)
ACD (1 time)
APT (1 time)
2015 Contact dermatitis: a comparative and translational review of the literature.
94  isocenter-to-couch distance
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
ICHS (1 time)
RT (1 time)
2015 Camera-based independent couch height verification in radiation oncology.
95  isolated corticotropin deficiency
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
IGD (1 time)
IGHD (1 time)
ITD (1 time)
1985 Genetic disorders of the anterior pituitary gland.
96  Mo2(OAc)4-induced circular dichroism
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2020 Ingenane and jatrophane diterpenoids from Euphorbia kansui and their antiproliferative effects.
97  binding-induced circular dichroism
(1 time)
Chemistry, Organic
(1 time)
NDI (1 time)
2020 Naphthalene diimide-amino acid conjugates as novel fluorimetric and CD probes for differentiation between ds-DNA and ds-RNA.
98  CD in the ileum
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
2012 Integrated metagenomics/metaproteomics reveals human host-microbiota signatures of Crohn's disease.
99  DSM-III computer diagnoses with CATEGO
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1989 On the way to expert systems. Comparing DSM-III computer diagnoses with CATEGO (ICD) diagnoses in depressive and schizophrenic patients.
100  experimentally-induced irritant
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
CAP (1 time)
SLS (1 time)
TEWL (1 time)
2001 Beneficial effects of a skin tolerance-tested moisturizing cream on the barrier function in experimentally-elicited irritant and allergic contact dermatitis.