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Abbreviation: ICI
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
immune checkpoint inhibitors
(185 times)
Neoplasms
(102 times)
NSCLC (23 times)
OS (18 times)
CTLA-4 (15 times)
2015 A systematic review of immune-related adverse event reporting in clinical trials of immune checkpoint inhibitors.
intracortical inhibition
(134 times)
Neurology
(83 times)
TMS (78 times)
ICF (52 times)
MEP (31 times)
1998 Modulation of plasticity in human motor cortex after forearm ischemic nerve block.
intracavernosal injection
(118 times)
Urology
(76 times)
ED (48 times)
PSV (12 times)
PGE1 (11 times)
1987 [Intracavernous injections of vasoactive drugs. Contribution to the study of their value in erectile impotence].
intercontraction interval
(65 times)
Urology
(38 times)
CMG (10 times)
MVP (9 times)
CYP (8 times)
1988 Gastrointestinal hormones and the quantitation of spontaneous duodenal motor activity.
intracranial injury
(34 times)
Pediatrics
(17 times)
CT (10 times)
CI (6 times)
ED (5 times)
1991 The management of mid-face fractures with intracranial injury.
inter-carrier interference
(30 times)
Biophysics
(21 times)
BER (4 times)
ISI (3 times)
MIMO (3 times)
2010 A simple and effective noise whitening method for underwater acoustic orthogonal frequency division multiplexing.
interclick interval
(30 times)
Audiology
(20 times)
ITD (4 times)
ILD (3 times)
ABRs (2 times)
1983 Detection of interaural differences of time in trains of high-frequency clicks as a function of interclick interval and number.
inflammatory cell infiltration
(26 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
PTD (3 times)
BP (2 times)
ELISA (2 times)
1988 Gingivitis in the human deciduous dentition. A correlative clinical and block surface light microscopic (BSLM) study.
invasive Candida infection
(23 times)
Drug Therapy
(4 times)
ICU (3 times)
ICUs (3 times)
CCI (2 times)
2007 Invasive candidiasis in pediatric intensive care patients: epidemiology, risk factors, management, and outcome.
10  International Consultation on Incontinence
(20 times)
Urology
(15 times)
UI (6 times)
EAU (5 times)
SUI (3 times)
2004 Clinical practice guidelines on the initial assessment and treatment of urinary incontinence in women: a US focused review.
11  intracervical insemination
(20 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(14 times)
IUI (16 times)
CI (3 times)
IVF (3 times)
1986 A prospective study of intrauterine insemination of processed sperm from men with oligoasthenospermia in superovulated women.
12  ICI-182,780
(18 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
ER (8 times)
TAM (4 times)
MCF (3 times)
1996 An in vivo battery for identifying endocrine modulators that are estrogenic or dopamine regulators.
13  interconnectivity index
(8 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
Tb.Th (5 times)
TBPf (4 times)
BMD (3 times)
1996 Altered trabecular architecture induced by corticosteroids: a bone histomorphometric study.
14  intracytoplasmic injection
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
KD (2 times)
TEM (2 times)
BCCs (1 time)
1981 Cytochemistry of imprints from breast biopsies.
15  ischemic cerebral infarction
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
TIA (3 times)
ICH (2 times)
SAH (2 times)
1996 Inpatient costs of specific cerebrovascular events at five academic medical centers.
16  ICI-118,551
(6 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ISO (2 times)
LZ (2 times)
OZ (2 times)
1988 Effects of dobutamine and terbutaline on the secretion of glycoproteins from the acinar cells of the rat submandibular gland.
17  Imperial Chemical Industries
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
CF (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
HNE (1 time)
1974 [Contribution of ICI (Imperial Chemical Industries) to the solution of pollution problems in Europe].
18  intercopulatory interval
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
CE (4 times)
EL (4 times)
PEI (4 times)
1989 A component analysis of the effects of DPAT on male rat sexual behavior.
19  intersection of confidence intervals
(6 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
LPA (2 times)
AR (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
2005 A spatially adaptive nonparametric regression image deblurring.
20  iterative complement interaction
(6 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
Ei (1 time)
2007 Solving the Schrodinger equation for helium atom and its isoelectronic ions with the free iterative complement interaction (ICI) method.
21  intracoronary infusion
(5 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
MI (2 times)
AMI (1 time)
BM (1 time)
2005 [Growth and differentiation of adult canine autologous skeletal myoblasts after transplanted into acute myocardial infarction region].
22  Ictal Consciousness Inventory
(4 times)
Epilepsy
(4 times)
CSS (1 time)
ETLE (1 time)
ICI-L (1 time)
2008 Measuring the level and content of consciousness during epileptic seizures: the Ictal Consciousness Inventory.
23  ileocecal interposition
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
CJP (2 times)
TME (2 times)
2002 [Vulnerability of ileocoecal interposition pouch and colonic J-pouch to postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy].
24  injection
(4 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
ED (3 times)
PSV (2 times)
CDFI (1 time)
1993 What does duplex ultrasound add to sexual history, nocturnal penile tumescence and intracavernosal injection of smooth muscle relaxant, in the diagnosis of erectile dysfunction?
25  integral classification of injuries
(4 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2004 Integral classification of injuries (ICI) to the bones, joints, and ligaments--application to injuries of the foot.
26  intracavitary irradiation
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
NPC (2 times)
CI (1 time)
EBRT (1 time)
1991 [Intracavitary irradiation of esophageal cancer].
27  ileocolic intussusception
(3 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
SBI (2 times)
AP (1 time)
RICI (1 time)
2007 Factors influencing management and comparison of outcomes in paediatric intussusceptions.
28  Intracardiac impedance
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
IAMSA (2 times)
RF (2 times)
AF (1 time)
2015 Towards Low Energy Atrial Defibrillation.
29  intracavernosal injection therapy
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
IIEF (2 times)
ED (1 time)
EF (1 time)
1997 Penile fibrosis in intracavernosal prostaglandin E1 injection therapy for erectile dysfunction.
30  intracavitary injection
(3 times)
Urology
(3 times)
CVOD (1 time)
1996 [Vascular penile study with Doppler ultrasonography in subjects without vascular disease].
31  Intranuclear cytoplasmic inclusions
(3 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
Tg (1 time)
1988 [A clinico-pathological study regarding the incidence of intranuclear cytoplasmic inclusions (ICI) in cases of papillary thyroid carcinoma].
32  Invertebrate Community Index
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
IBI (2 times)
BEP (1 time)
1995 Exploratory analysis of population genetic assessment as a water quality indicator. I. Pimephales notatus.
33  Investment Company Institute
(3 times)
Health Services
(3 times)
EBRI (3 times)
GICs (2 times)
1999 401(k) plan asset allocation, account balances, and loan activity.
34  ICI-174,864
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
NAL (2 times)
beta-FNA (1 time)
i.c.v (1 time)
2005 Response of neuropeptide Y-induced feeding to mu-, delta- and kappa-opioid receptor antagonists in the neonatal chick.
35  Identity Consolidation Inventory
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2009 The Identity Consolidation Inventory (ICI): development and application of a questionnaire for assessing the structuralization of individual identity.
36  Immune cell infiltrates
(2 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
APA (1 time)
CPA (1 time)
CXCL (1 time)
2017 Data integration from pathology slides for quantitative imaging of multiple cell types within the tumor immune cell infiltrate.
37  immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
irAE (1 time)
LSGB (1 time)
PD-L1 (1 time)
2018 Microbial biomarkers for immune checkpoint blockade therapy against cancer.
38  Impact of Childhood Illness Scale
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
HARCES (2 times)
HRQoL (2 times)
AEDs (1 time)
2002 Validity of three measures of health-related quality of life in children with intractable epilepsy.
39  Impediments to Community Integration
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
QOL (2 times)
SCI (2 times)
NBD (1 time)
2000 Social and personal consequences of acquired bowel dysfunction for persons with spinal cord injury.
40  incident cognitive impairment
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
REGARDS (2 times)
FFQ (1 time)
MeD (1 time)
2013 Adherence to a Mediterranean diet and risk of incident cognitive impairment.
41  inflammatory cell-induced
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2017 Clinical relevance of corrosion patterns attributed to inflammatory cell-induced corrosion: A retrieval study.
42  infusion cystometry, intercontraction interval
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
CYP (2 times)
NO (1 time)
1999 Effect of intravesical nitric oxide therapy on cyclophosphamide-induced cystitis.
43  injectable collagen implants
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
--- 1983 Injectable collagen implant--update.
44  inline coherent imaging
(2 times)
Optics and Photonics
(1 time)
--- 2012 Real-time guidance of thermal and ultrashort pulsed laser ablation in hard tissue using inline coherent imaging.
45  international congress of immunology
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
CSI (1 time)
FOCIS (1 time)
2004 Face-offs in reproductive immunology: the Montreal forum meeting report.
46  intervention capacity index
(2 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
MRI (2 times)
TPI (1 time)
2016 [Risk Assessment for Malaria Transmission in the Border Area of Yunnan Province].
47  intra-articular corticosteroid injection
(2 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
BCVA (1 time)
DF/PF (1 time)
ECC (1 time)
2011 Kinematic Analysis of Gait Following Intra-articular Corticosteroid Injection into the Knee Joint with an Acute Exacerbation of Arthritis.
48  Intra-operative colonic irrigation
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CPA (1 time)
HP (1 time)
TSC (1 time)
1996 [Surgical treatment of emergency pathology of the left colon].
49  intraclass correlation index
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
TC (2 times)
BP (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2009 [Evaluation of cardiovascular risk in the longitudinal phase of the Mediterranean study].
50  intranuclear inclusions
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
FNA (1 time)
FNAC (1 time)
PPV (1 time)
2013 Improving the prediction of malignancy in cytologically suspicious thyroid nodules.
51  ion channel inhibitors
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
AMPA (1 time)
CN (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
2015 Electrical potential oscillations--movement relations in circumnutating sunflower stem and effect of ion channel and proton pump inhibitors on circumnutation.
52  isovolumetric contraction
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
ET (1 time)
IRI (1 time)
LV (1 time)
1975 Value of polycardiographic investigations as compared with direct methods in evaluation of left ventricular function in ischemic heart disease.
53  CYP-induced bladder overactivity
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
CMGs (1 time)
CYP (1 time)
EP4 (1 time)
2012 Mechanisms and urodynamic effects of a potent and selective EP4 receptor antagonist, MF191, on cyclophosphamide and prostaglandin E2-induced bladder overactivity in rats.
54  cystometric investigation, intercontraction intervals
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
HP (1 time)
NGF (1 time)
OND (1 time)
2017 Effect of Intravesical Liposome-Based Nerve Growth Factor Antisense Therapy on Bladder Overactivity and Nociception in a Rat Model of Cystitis Induced by Hydrogen Peroxide.
55  GABA-induced chloride current
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BPAA (1 time)
CPFX (1 time)
ENX (1 time)
1992 Non-competitive inhibition of GABAA responses by a new class of quinolones and non-steroidal anti-inflammatories in dissociated frog sensory neurones.
56  IA corticosteroid
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CFJ (1 time)
IA (1 time)
NRS (1 time)
2017 Comparison of Intraarticular Pulsed Radiofrequency and Intraarticular Corticosteroid Injection for Management of Cervical Facet Joint Pain.
57  IA corticosteroid injection
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
IA (1 time)
LBP (1 time)
LFJ (1 time)
2017 Comparison of intra-articular lumbar facet joint pulsed radiofrequency and intra-articular lumbar facet joint corticosteroid injection for management of lumbar facet joint pain: A randomized controlled trial.
58  IC inhibitors
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
IC (1 time)
LAP (1 time)
2019 Effect of pembrolizumab on CD4+ CD25+ , CD4+ LAP+ and CD4+ TIM-3+ T cell subsets.
59  icariin
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ICT (1 time)
PND (1 time)
VO (1 time)
2012 Peripubertal administration of icariin and icaritin advances pubertal development in female rats.
60  ICI 118,551, a selective beta 2-antagonist
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
PIE (1 time)
1989 Differential coupling to positive inotropic responses of cyclic AMP produced by stimulation of beta 1- and beta 2-adrenergic receptors.
61  ICI group
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
1997 Skull fractures in infants and predictors of associated intracranial injury.
62  identical with that of pentagastrin
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 1977 Synthesis and some characteristics of [13C]-specially enriched tetragastrin and the related compound.
63  idiopathic congenital/infantile
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
2005 Risk factors for idiopathic congenital/infantile cataract.
64  immunohistochemical cytocolorimetric index
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
--- 2019 Study of Simple Immunohistochemical Cytocolorimetric Assay Application for More Accurate Assessment of Prognosis in Patients with Pituitary Adenomas.
65  impacted central incisor
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2003 Periodontal status following surgical-orthodontic alignment of impacted central incisors with an open-eruption technique.
66  Improve Access to Immunization Services
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 1992 The Public Health Service action plan to improve access to immunization services. The Interagency Committee to Improve Access to Immunization Services.
67  incomplete cerebral ischemia
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
DOPAC (1 time)
GFAP (1 time)
1991 Changes in striatal dopamine neurohistochemistry and biochemistry after incomplete transient cerebral ischemia in the rat.
68  incomplete ischemia
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
3-MT (1 time)
DA (1 time)
DOPAC (1 time)
1992 Age influences abnormalities in striatal dopamine metabolism during and after transient forebrain ischemia.
69  Indefinite Complaints Index
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CES-D (1 time)
HE (1 time)
KMI (1 time)
2010 Reduction of depression and anxiety by 4 weeks Hericium erinaceus intake.
70  independent component index
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
MDI (1 time)
ORNs (1 time)
1997 Multiple excitatory receptor types on individual olfactory neurons: implications for coding of mixtures in the spiny lobster.
71  Index of Catchment Integrity
(1 time)
IWI (1 time)
2018 Mapping watershed integrity for the conterminous United States.
72  individual coping intervention
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
CBCI (1 time)
2017 Effects of couple based coping intervention on self-efficacy and quality of life in patients with resected lung cancer.
73  individual retrieval organisation prior to group recall
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
CCI (1 time)
CII (1 time)
III (1 time)
2008 Influence of re-exposure and retrieval disruption during group collaboration on later individual recall.
74  individual-collaborative-individual
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
CCI (1 time)
CII (1 time)
III (1 time)
2008 Influence of re-exposure and retrieval disruption during group collaboration on later individual recall.
75  individualised controlled inhalation
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
COPD (1 time)
2009 Novel devices for individualized controlled inhalation can optimize aerosol therapy in efficacy, patient care and power of clinical trials.
76  Individualized Care Instrument
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
--- 2012 The conceptualization and measurement of individualized care.
77  individualized care inventory
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
CFA (1 time)
IC (1 time)
LPNs (1 time)
2009 Measurement and analysis of individualized care inventory responses comparing long-term care nurses and care aides.
78  industrial, commercial, and institutional
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EPA (1 time)
GLEI (1 time)
ICEs (1 time)
2004 Assessment of mercury emissions inventories for the Great Lakes states.
79  Inertial Consistency Index
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Calibration of the inertial consistency index to assess road safety on horizontal curves of two-lane rural roads.
80  infant Caregiving Inventory
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 1983 Parenting knowledge among adolescent mothers.
81  informal caregiver involvement
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
NH (1 time)
2006 Informal caregiver involvement and illness detection among cognitively impaired nursing home residents.
82  Infrared Cloud Imager
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
AERI (1 time)
2005 Radiometric cloud imaging with an uncooled microbolometer thermal infrared camera.
83  Inherent Combined Imprecision
(1 time)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
CLEIA (2 times)
betaA42 (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
2019 Comparative evaluation of two immunoassays for cerebrospinal fluid beta-Amyloid1-42 measurement.
84  inhibiting ER action using targeted therapies such as fulvestrant
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
Keap (1 time)
UPR (1 time)
2014 Knockdown of estrogen receptor-alpha induces autophagy and inhibits antiestrogen-mediated unfolded protein response activation, promoting ROS-induced breast cancer cell death.
85  initial chest irradiation
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
LCI (1 time)
LSCLC (1 time)
1997 Randomized study of initial versus late chest irradiation combined with chemotherapy in limited-stage small-cell lung cancer. Aarhus Lung Cancer Group.
86  injections
(1 time)
Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological
(1 time)
ACD (1 time)
EC (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2009 Increased endothelial apoptotic cell density in human diabetic erectile tissue--comparison with clinical data.
87  insertion-adductor contraction interval
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
--- 2002 Interadductor approach to obturator nerve block for transurethral resection procedure: comparison with traditional approach.
88  instrument used was the Clinical Child Inventory
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2009 [Prevalence and characteristics of externalizing symptoms in childhood. Gender differences].
89  Integrated conformity index
(1 time)
Radiosurgery
(1 time)
DVH (1 time)
MDPD (1 time)
PITV (1 time)
2016 Aperture effect for LINAC-based SRS in small target treatment†.
90  intensity and complexity index
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2003 Intensity and complexity index of disease for strabismus surgery.
91  Intensity correlation imaging
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
pde (1 time)
2014 Signal-to-noise ratio limitations for intensity correlation imaging.
92  intensive care units
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
CCH (1 time)
2007 [Nutritive provision of children during intensive therapy in the early post-aggressive period].
93  inter-calving interval
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
LW (1 time)
2006 The effect of individual liveweight and condition of beef cows on their reproductive performance and birth and weaning weights of calves.
94  Inter-Cluster Investigator
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2008 ICI: a new approach to explore between-cluster relationships with applications to gene expression data.
95  interaction conservation index
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
snoRNA (1 time)
snRNAs (1 time)
2014 Matching of Soulmates: coevolution of snoRNAs and their targets.
96  interactive computerized information
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2009 Patient comprehension of an interactive, computer-based information program for cardiac catheterization: a comparison with standard information.
97  intercomponent interval
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
--- 1987 Multiple treatment interference in the alternating treatments design as a function of the intercomponent interval length.
98  intercostal catheter insertion
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
EMST (1 time)
ISS (1 time)
2004 Complications of intercostal catheter insertion using EMST techniques for chest trauma.
99  Intercuartile interval
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2006 [Setting health services research priorities in the public health system. An approach through expert consensus].
100  Intercycle interval
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
VFI (1 time)
WCT (1 time)
2000 Influence of postshock epicardial activation patterns on initiation of ventricular fibrillation by upper limit of vulnerability shocks.