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Abbreviation: ICL
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
interstrand cross-link
(228 times)
Biochemistry
(64 times)
FA (63 times)
NER (20 times)
DSB (17 times)
1984 The role of active oxygen (1O2 and O(2)) induced by crude coal tar and its ingredients used in photochemotherapy of skin diseases.
implantable collamer lens
(197 times)
Ophthalmology
(158 times)
IOP (27 times)
UCVA (19 times)
BSCVA (18 times)
0 Incidence of cataract following implantation of a posterior-chamber phakic lens ICL (Implantable Collamer Lens) - long-term results.
isocitrate lyase
(195 times)
Microbiology
(45 times)
MS (40 times)
Mtb (14 times)
ICDH (10 times)
1977 Genetics and function of isocitrate lyase in Coprinus.
intracytoplasmic lumina
(18 times)
Cell Biology
(10 times)
FNA (3 times)
CEA (2 times)
HC (2 times)
1994 Intracytoplasmic lumina in ependymomas: an ultrastructural study.
interband cascade laser
(16 times)
Ophthalmology
(12 times)
CW (4 times)
ppbv (3 times)
TLAS (2 times)
2007 Dual interband cascade laser based trace-gas sensor for environmental monitoring.
intracellular loop
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
CFTR (2 times)
Pal (2 times)
TM (2 times)
1997 Evidence for an important functional role of intracellular loop II of the lutropin receptor.
Index to Chiropractic Literature
(11 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
CENTRAL (2 times)
CI (2 times)
CINAHL (2 times)
1996 Searching chiropractic literature: a comparison of three computerized databases.
inner collagenous layer
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
RPE (7 times)
BM (3 times)
EL (3 times)
1999 Fate of human retinal pigment epithelial cells seeded onto layers of human Bruch's membrane.
innermost chorionic layer
(8 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
--- 1984 Three-dimensional reconstruction of innermost chorion layer from Drosophila melanogaster.
10  interconnecting layer
(8 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
PCE (4 times)
CQD (1 time)
EQE (1 time)
2011 Plasmonic polymer tandem solar cell.
11  intraocular Collamer lens
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
CDVA (2 times)
UDVA (2 times)
IOP (1 time)
2009 Endophthalmitis rates after implantation of the intraocular Collamer lens: survey of users between 1998 and 2006.
12  Interpersonal Checklist
(7 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
BLSA (1 time)
HAQ (1 time)
IAS (1 time)
1977 Health, socioeconomic status and self-preception in the elderly: An application of the interpersonal checklist.
13  interval confidence level
(7 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
AF (6 times)
CFAEs (5 times)
LA (3 times)
2007 Automated detection and characterization of complex fractionated atrial electrograms in human left atrium during atrial fibrillation.
14  intracardiac leiomyomatosis
(7 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
IVL (3 times)
CPB (1 time)
IVC (1 time)
2008 [The anatomic pathological classification for intracardiac leiomyomatosis and the choice of its surgical strategy].
15  infraciliary lattice
(5 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
aa (1 time)
CaPK-2 (1 time)
CVCs (1 time)
1996 Characterization of centrin genes in Paramecium.
16  intercellular lipids
(5 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
SC (4 times)
NMF (3 times)
CRM (1 time)
2015 In vivo evaluation of lateral lipid chain packing in human stratum corneum.
17  intraocular lens
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
ACD (2 times)
IOP (2 times)
SE (2 times)
2000 Phakic posterior chamber intraocular lens for the correction of anisometropia and treatment of amblyopia.
18  intraocular contact lens
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
ACD (1 time)
BCVA (1 time)
ICPD (1 time)
2002 Posterior chamber phakic intraocular lens for moderate myopia and hyperopia.
19  index of cumulative blood lead
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
TWICL (2 times)
FSH (1 time)
LH (1 time)
2000 Vibration perception thresholds in workers with long term exposure to lead.
20  infectious canine laryngotracheitis
(3 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
ICH (1 time)
MDCK (1 time)
1970 Biophysical comparison of two canine adenoviruses.
21  inner cell layer
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ELL (2 times)
EODs (1 time)
JAR (1 time)
1996 Neuronal circuitry for comparison of timing in the electrosensory lateral line lobe of the African wave-type electric fish Gymnarchus niloticus.
22  interclinoid ligament
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
CBCT (1 time)
CCL (1 time)
PCL (1 time)
2003 Calcification of the interclinoid and petroclinoid ligaments of sella turcica: a radiographic study of the prevalence.
23  intercristal line
(3 times)
Perinatology
(1 time)
LP (1 time)
PSIS (1 time)
1990 Significance of lumbosacral list and low-back pain. A controlled radiographic study.
24  intermediate cutaneous leishmaniasis
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
LCL (2 times)
ACL (1 time)
BCG (1 time)
2003 Immunotherapy of american cutaneous leishmaniasis in Venezuela during the period 1990-99.
25  International Congress of Lymphology
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
ISL (3 times)
2003 The diagnosis and treatment of peripheral lymphedema. Consensus document of the International Society of Lymphology.
26  interproximal contact loss
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
CBL (1 time)
IMI (1 time)
2016 Prevalence of Interproximal Open Contacts Between Single-Implant Restorations and Adjacent Teeth.
27  intestinal collagen layer
(3 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 2000 Evaluation of the porcine intestinal collagen layer as a biomaterial.
28  intracorneal lens
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
ECM (1 time)
LASIK (1 time)
1985 Predicting refractive alterations with hydrogel keratophakia.
29  isolated cleft lip
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
BCLP (2 times)
ICP (2 times)
UCLP (2 times)
2016 Weight, Length, and Body Mass Index Growth of Children Under 2 Years of Age With Cleft Lip and Palate.
30  angiographically-intermediate coronary lesions
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
2D-QCA (1 time)
AS (1 time)
FD-OCT (1 time)
2018 Correlation between frequency-domain optical coherence tomography and fractional flow reserve in angiographically-intermediate coronary lesions.
31  ICL group
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
LASIK (2 times)
BSCVA (1 time)
UCVA (1 time)
2003 Comparison of implantable contact lens and laser assisted in situ keratomileusis for moderate to high myopia.
32  iliocostalis lumborum
(2 times)
Muscular Diseases
(1 time)
ICT (2 times)
EMG (1 time)
EO (1 time)
2015 Selective recruitment of the thoracic erector spinae during prone trunk-extension exercise.
33  implantable collamer
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
IOP (1 time)
pIOL (1 time)
2008 Posterior chamber visian implantable collamer lens: stability and evaluation following traumatic grenade explosion.
34  instrument control language
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
SPE (2 times)
CID (1 time)
eNOS (1 time)
1995 Estimation of ranolazine and eleven phase I metabolites in human plasma by liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionisation mass spectrometry with selected-ion monitoring.
35  intercommissural line
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
DBS (1 time)
ET (1 time)
GP (1 time)
1999 Direct stereotactic MRI location in the globus pallidus for chronic stimulation in Parkinson's disease.
36  intermediate or chronic cutaneous leishmaniasis
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
DCL (2 times)
ACL (1 time)
LCL (1 time)
2002 Intermediate or chronic cutaneous leishmaniasis: leukocyte immunophenotypes and cytokine characterisation of the lesion.
37  intermittent closed lock
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
TMJ (2 times)
MRI (1 time)
2011 [Clinical natural course of temporomandibular joint intermittent closed lock].
38  internal chain length
(2 times)
Carbohydrates
(2 times)
ECL (2 times)
AP (1 time)
Bfp-chains (1 time)
2014 Evolution of amylopectin structure in developing wheat endosperm starch.
39  international clonal lineage
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
MDR (1 time)
2014 Carbapenem resistance and acquired class D beta-lactamases in Acinetobacter baumannii from Croatia 2009-2010.
40  intra-corporeal laser lithotripsy
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ESWL (1 time)
URS (1 time)
1994 Laser lithotripsy of difficult biliary stones.
41  intra-cranial lesions
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
baPWV (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2000 Serum neuron-specific enolase as a predictor of intracranial lesions in children with head trauma: a pilot study.
42  intracavitary lymphocytes
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
i.p (1 time)
NK (1 time)
rIL-2 (1 time)
1989 A pilot study of intraperitoneal recombinant interleukin-2 and ex vivo activated intracavitary lymphocytes in patients with malignant peritoneal spread: I. Clinical aspects.
43  intraocular procedure
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
BCVA (1 time)
CLE (1 time)
2007 [Comparison of the two methods, LASIK and ICL in mild and high hyperopia correction--part one].
44  chemiluminescence immunoassay
(1 time)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
tHcy (1 time)
2004 Evaluation of Advia Centaur automated chemiluminescence immunoassay for determining total homocysteine in plasma.
45  I. cylindrica
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2016 Anti-Cancer Effects of Imperata cylindrica Leaf Extract on Human Oral Squamous Carcinoma Cell Line SCC-9 in Vitro.
46  IC layer
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CBS (1 time)
IC (1 time)
ICB (1 time)
2013 Evaluation of breeding objectives for purebred and crossbred selection schemes for adoption in indigenous chicken breeding programmes.
47  idarubicin, cytarabine, and lomustine
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
CIR (1 time)
EFS (1 time)
2018 Improved Survival by Adding Lomustine to Conventional Chemotherapy for Elderly Patients With AML Without Unfavorable Cytogenetics: Results of the LAM-SA 2007 FILO Trial.
48  Ideal catheter length
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
ECL (1 time)
IF (1 time)
2019 Is Intraoperative Fluoroscopy Necessary for Central Venous Port System Placement in Children?
49  iliocostalis lumborum pars thoracis
(1 time)
Exercise
(1 time)
IO (1 time)
MF (1 time)
TrA (1 time)
2015 Perceived body discomfort and trunk muscle activity in three prolonged sitting postures.
50  imaging core laboratory
(1 time)
Diagnostic Techniques, Cardiovascular
(1 time)
AAOCA (1 time)
2015 Anomalous Aortic Origin of Coronary Arteries in the Young: Echocardiographic Evaluation With Surgical Correlation.
51  Imbalanced Class Learning
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
ACL (1 time)
DL (1 time)
ML (1 time)
2017 Machine learning for epigenetics and future medical applications.
52  imidacloprid
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
ACT (1 time)
DAD (1 time)
LOQ (1 time)
2008 Determination of neonicotinoid insecticides residues in bovine milk samples by solid-phase extraction clean-up and liquid chromatography with diode-array detection.
53  immediate completion lymphadenectomy
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
DCL (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
DTL (1 time)
2014 Patterns of recurrence and survival after lymphadenectomy in melanoma patients: clarifying the effects of timing of surgery and lymph node tumor burden.
54  immobilization of chitosanase onto liposome
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Chitosanase displayed on liposome can increase its activity and stability.
55  immunochemiluminometric
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
IF (1 time)
LH (1 time)
2014 Immunoreactive LH in long-term frozen human urine samples.
56  Implantable Collamer Lens surgery
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2017 A Rare Case of Pupillary Block Glaucoma Following CentraFLOW Implantable Collamer Lens Surgery.
57  inadequate corpora lutea following ovulation
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
GnRH (1 time)
NCL (1 time)
2007 Ultrasonographic image attributes of non-ovulatory follicles and follicles with different luteal outcomes in gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)-treated anestrous ewes.
58  incidence of cleft lip
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
MAC (1 time)
WEC (1 time)
2014 The effect of sevoflurane on developing A/J strain mouse embryos using a whole-embryo culture system--the incidence of cleft lip in culture embryos.
59  independent culling levels
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
EXT (1 time)
IND (1 time)
1980 Genetic variance and correlation after selection for two traits by index, independent culling levels and extreme selection.
60  Indirect chemiluminescence
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CE (1 time)
CL (1 time)
2005 Indirect chemiluminescence detection for capillary zone electrophoresis of monoamines and catechol using luminol-k3[Fe(CN)6] system.
61  individual cycle length
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2002 Nonuniformity of sarcomere shortenings in the isolated rat ventricular myocyte.
62  induced CL
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
CL (1 time)
ED (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
1995 [Relationship between tumour necrosis factor and anemia of malaria].
63  induced corpus luteum
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
ACL (1 time)
2018 Effect of GnRH analogue administration on Day 7 after natural mating on formation accessory corpus luteum, progesterone concentration and conception rate in llamas (Lama glama).
64  inferior calyceal length
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
LID (1 time)
LIPA (1 time)
1999 Effect of lower infundibulopelvic angle, lower infundibulum diameter and inferior calyceal length on stone formation.
65  inferior check ligament
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
DDFT (1 time)
SDFT (1 time)
SL (1 time)
1996 Influence of shoeing on ground reaction forces and tendon strains in the forelimbs of ponies.
66  inferior cruciate ligament
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AAD (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
OAD (1 time)
2008 Occipitocervical vertical distraction injuries: anatomical biomechanical, and 3-tesla magnetic resonance imaging investigation.
67  infraclavicular
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
cN3 (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
IBR (1 time)
2011 Outcomes of positron emission tomography-staged clinical N3 breast cancer treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy, surgery, and radiotherapy.
68  infundibular calyceal length
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
IUPA (1 time)
IVU (1 time)
IW (1 time)
2006 Renal anatomical factors for the lower calyceal stone formation.
69  initial carbon load
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
PHB (1 time)
2015 Evaluation of simultaneous nutrient and COD removal with polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) accumulation using mixed microbial consortia under anoxic condition and their bioinformatics analysis.
70  initial cell loading
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 1993 Cell immobilization in composite agar layer microporous membrane structures: growth kinetics of gel-entrapped cultures and cell leakage limitation by a microporous membrane.
71  initiated CL
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BS (1 time)
CL (1 time)
OP (1 time)
2016 Limits of application of initiated chemiluminescence in monitoring of oncological process of mucous membrane of mouth and larynx.
72  inner compact layer
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
CMT (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2013 Experimental study of the course of threshold current, voltage and electrode impedance during stepwise stimulation from the skin surface to the human cortex.
73  inner cortical labyrinth
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
CHN (1 time)
MRs (1 time)
2001 Chronic aristolochic acid toxicity in rabbits: a model of Chinese herbs nephropathy?
74  inner cortical layer
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
EGL (1 time)
2015 Neurotoxicological effects of nicotine on the embryonic development of cerebellar cortex of chick embryo during various stages of incubation.
75  insect-derived lysates
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
eEF1A (1 time)
RRL (1 time)
2008 Protein methyltransferase activities in commercial in vitro translation systems.
76  insufficiency of the corpus luteum
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
--- 1977 [Further experience with the treatment of anovulatory cycles and of insufficiency of the corpus luteum (ICL) by clomiphen-citrate (author's transl)].
77  Integrated Case Learning
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
--- 2010 Integrated case learning: teaching clinical reasoning.
78  integrated chemiluminescence
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PMN (1 time)
1996 Respective roles of nitric oxide and superoxide radical in the respiratory burst activity of rat polymorphonuclear leukocytes induced by hyperthyroidism.
79  Integrated crop-livestock
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
SWAT (1 time)
2019 Simulating the influence of integrated crop-livestock systems on water yield at watershed scale.
80  Integrated Cycle Load
(1 time)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2005 Upper limb load as a function of repetitive task parameters: part 1--a model of upper limb load.
81  integrated/co-located
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
HRO (1 time)
HRQoL (1 time)
NCL (1 time)
2014 Integration of health services improves multiple healthcare outcomes among HIV-infected people who inject drugs in Ukraine.
82  inter-canthus line
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
GNKA (1 time)
2003 Microanatomy of endoscope-assisted glabellar nasal keyhole approach.
83  Inter-Cross-link
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
arm (1 time)
CD (1 time)
DLS (1 time)
2017 Structural and biophysical properties of h-FANCI ARM repeat protein.
84  Interaction Communication and Literacy
(1 time)
Speech-Language Pathology
(1 time)
ECEs (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
SLPs (1 time)
2014 An initial reliability and validity study of the Interaction, Communication, and Literacy Skills Audit.
85  intercalate
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
MD (1 time)
VM (1 time)
1980 [Behavioral effects of medial-dorsal thalamic, mediobasal hypothalamic and amygdaloid lesions in the rat].
86  intercarotid line
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
AH (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2009 Assessment of normal perisellar anatomy in 1.5 T T2-weighted MRI and comparison with the anatomic criteria defining cavernous sinus invasion of pituitary adenomas.
87  interchain linker
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
TGN (1 time)
VH (1 time)
2008 Intracellular antibodies (intrabodies) and their therapeutic potential.
88  intercoracoid line
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AIS (1 time)
2014 Patterns of shoulder imbalance in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a retrospective observational study.
89  intercrease line
(1 time)
Hand
(1 time)
PDC (1 time)
PIC (1 time)
2017 The Relationship Between the Intercrease Line and the A1 Digital Pulley: A Cadaveric Study.
90  interdisciplinary care leader
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2017 Implementing the compassion intervention, a model for integrated care for people with advanced dementia towards the end of life in nursing homes: a naturalistic feasibility study.
91  interface cross-linked
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BADS (1 time)
UCL (1 time)
2019 Amphiphilic Glycopolypeptide Star Copolymer-Based Cross-Linked Nanocarriers for Targeted and Dual-Stimuli-Responsive Drug Delivery.
92  intermediate chorionic layer
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 1979 Structural and image analysis of a crystalline layer from dipteran eggshell.
93  internal capsule
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CSN (1 time)
FB (1 time)
2000 An axotomy model for the induction of death of rat and mouse corticospinal neurons in vivo.
94  internal chains
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
AP (1 time)
CL (1 time)
2017 Understanding the fine structure of intermediate materials of maize starches.
95  internal cuticular layer
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CLSM (1 time)
CP (1 time)
ECL (1 time)
2015 Confocal laser scanning microscopy elucidation of the micromorphology of the leaf cuticle and analysis of its chemical composition.
96  International Clinical Laboratories
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 1988 Corning withdraws tender offer for ICL (International Clinical Laboratories)
97  International Computers Limited
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
--- 1986 Costing clinical biochemistry services as part of an operational management budgeting system.
98  interstrand cross-link lesions
(1 time)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
FA (1 time)
MMC (1 time)
2016 Aurora A kinase is required for activation of the Fanconi anemia/BRCA pathway upon DNA damage.
99  intestinal collagen
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
NC-ICL (1 time)
1996 Modification of native collagen reduces antigenicity but preserves cell compatibility.
100  intra-coronary fibrin-specific lytic infusion
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CTO (1 time)
MACE (1 time)
PCI (1 time)
2005 Intracoronary fibrin-specific thrombolytic infusion facilitates percutaneous recanalization of chronic total occlusion.