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Abbreviation: ICS
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Long forms: 425

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
inhaled corticosteroids
(2825 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1230 times)
COPD (480 times)
LABA (447 times)
CI (193 times)
1992 Easy bruising as a side-effect of inhaled corticosteroids.
International Continence Society
(283 times)
Urology
(184 times)
OAB (39 times)
IUGA (36 times)
LUTS (33 times)
1989 Descriptive epidemiology of urinary incontinence in 3,100 women age 30-59.
intracellular cytokine staining
(147 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(57 times)
ELISPOT (17 times)
IFN-gamma (15 times)
PBMC (15 times)
2002 Analysis of the immune response and viral evolution during the acute phase of SIV infection.
intercostal space
(102 times)
General Surgery
(22 times)
MCL (10 times)
AAL (7 times)
CT (6 times)
1976 Effect of transducer placement on echocardiographic mitral valve systolic motion.
immunochromatographic strip
(71 times)
Virology
(11 times)
ELISA (8 times)
mAb (7 times)
LOD (5 times)
2002 Immunochromatographic strip test for rapid detection of diphtheria toxin: description and multicenter evaluation in areas of low and high prevalence of diphtheria.
intraoperative cell salvage
(52 times)
General Surgery
(12 times)
ANH (7 times)
PAD (5 times)
ABT (4 times)
2001 Autologous versus allogeneic transfusion in aortic surgery: a multicenter randomized clinical trial.
Incident Command System
(46 times)
Disaster Medicine
(18 times)
NIMS (5 times)
EOC (3 times)
FEMA (3 times)
2004 Standardized emergency management system and response to a smallpox emergency.
isochorismate synthase
(43 times)
Botany
(19 times)
SA (29 times)
PAL (10 times)
IPL (4 times)
1994 Elicitor-mediated induction of isochorismate synthase and accumulation of 2,3-dihydroxy benzoic acid in Catharanthus roseus cell suspension and shoot cultures.
image correlation spectroscopy
(41 times)
Biophysics
(12 times)
ICCS (7 times)
FCS (4 times)
SHG (4 times)
1997 Aggregation of PDGF-beta receptors in human skin fibroblasts: characterization by image correlation spectroscopy (ICS).
10  Isfahan Cohort Study
(35 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
CVD (15 times)
MetS (7 times)
HTN (4 times)
2010 The Isfahan cohort study: rationale, methods and main findings.
11  intercellular spaces
(31 times)
Dermatology
(10 times)
BMZ (5 times)
ECS (4 times)
EM (3 times)
1976 Hypercapnia and resultant bicarbonate transfer processes in an elasmobranch fish (Scyliorhinus stellaris).
12  intracranial self-stimulation
(30 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
DA (4 times)
VTA (2 times)
CA (1 time)
1969 Discriminative responding on associated mixed and multiple schedules as a function of food and ICS reinforcement.
13  ileocecal sphincter
(27 times)
Physiology
(17 times)
LES (6 times)
PS (5 times)
GIS (2 times)
1975 Extrinsic nervous control of the ileo-cecal sphincter in the cat.
14  immotile cilia syndrome
(26 times)
Genetics, Medical
(6 times)
PCD (2 times)
SI (2 times)
AP (1 time)
1984 [How useful is the ultrastructural study of the cilia of the respiratory tract in the diagnosis of an immotile cilia syndrome?].
15  intracranial stenosis
(21 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
BA (2 times)
ECS (2 times)
ICAD (2 times)
2003 [Medical treatment of intracranial arterial stenosis. Are primary and secondary prevention the same thing?].
16  improved cookstoves
(20 times)
Environmental Health
(14 times)
HAP (7 times)
TCS (4 times)
LPG (3 times)
2012 Benefits and costs of improved cookstoves: assessing the implications of variability in health, forest and climate impacts.
17  Intelligibility in Context Scale
(20 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(14 times)
PCC (6 times)
PVC (5 times)
SSD (5 times)
2012 The intelligibility in Context Scale: validity and reliability of a subjective rating measure.
18  interpersonal and communication skills
(19 times)
Emergency Medicine
(5 times)
ACGME (5 times)
EM (4 times)
PC (3 times)
2006 Developing a valid evaluation for interpersonal and communication skills.
19  intracellular staining
(17 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
IFN-gamma (4 times)
ELISPOT (3 times)
Ad (2 times)
2005 Proliferative, IFNgamma and IL-2-producing T-cell responses to HIV-2 in untreated HIV-2 infection.
20  intermittent cold stress
(16 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
FM (5 times)
CCS (2 times)
EA (2 times)
2008 Prolonged gabapentin analgesia in an experimental mouse model of fibromyalgia.
21  interval cytoreductive surgery
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
OS (7 times)
PCS (7 times)
NACT (6 times)
2004 Feasibility study of neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by interval cytoreductive surgery for stage III/IV ovarian, tubal and peritoneal cancers: Japan Clinical Oncology Group Study JCOG0206.
22  integral cross section
(14 times)
Chemistry
(14 times)
DCS (4 times)
PES (3 times)
PESs (3 times)
2010 The dynamics of the H(+) + D(2) reaction: a comparison of quantum mechanical wavepacket, quasi-classical and statistical-quasi-classical results.
23  iatrogenic Cushing's syndrome
(13 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
PI (3 times)
GC (2 times)
HIV (2 times)
1991 Treatment of iatrogenic Cushing's syndrome in dogs with electroacupuncture stimulation of stomach 36.
24  interferon consensus sequence
(13 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
MHC (5 times)
IFN-gamma (3 times)
CAT (2 times)
1989 Antibodies to HLA class I promoter-binding proteins in sera from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus.
25  irritable colon syndrome
(13 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
CCC (1 time)
CED (1 time)
ChNIUC (1 time)
1985 Increased colonic motility during exposure to a stressful situation.
26  Implementation Climate Scale
(12 times)
Health Services Research
(5 times)
CFA (3 times)
EBP (3 times)
EBPs (2 times)
2014 Assessing the organizational context for EBP implementation: the development and validity testing of the Implementation Climate Scale (ICS).
27  Individualized Care Scale
(12 times)
Nursing
(9 times)
ANCOVA (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2005 Development and psychometric properties of the Individualized Care Scale.
28  intercellular substance
(12 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
BMZ (2 times)
IF (2 times)
BM (1 time)
1977 Oral pemphigus vulgaris. A report of ten cases.
29  ICS 205-930
(11 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(3 times)
IMB (3 times)
AA (1 time)
AVP (1 time)
1987 Metabolism of the tropine indole-3-carboxylate ICS 205-930 by differentiated rat and human hepatoma cells.
30  immune cell score
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
CPS (4 times)
TPS (4 times)
HNSCC (3 times)
2019 Immune cell score in pancreatic cancer-comparison of hotspot and whole-section techniques.
31  inter-crystal scattering
(10 times)
Biophysics
(8 times)
PET (6 times)
DOI (2 times)
CNNs (1 time)
2007 An inter-crystal scatter correction method for DOI PET image reconstruction.
32  internal carotid artery stenosis
(10 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
CEA (2 times)
CI (2 times)
eCAS (2 times)
2006 The Stenting to Internal Carotid Artery Stenosis (ICS) in Petrous Portion. The Evaluation of Plaque Figures in Magnetic Resonance Image.
33  ileocolonic sphincter
(9 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
ACh (1 time)
HAPCs (1 time)
L-NNA (1 time)
1985 Tone of canine ileocolonic junction: topography and response to phasic contractions.
34  integrated care system
(9 times)
Health Services
(2 times)
CSHCN (3 times)
DHTDICS (2 times)
ACM (1 time)
2002 Integrated disease management pilot for diabetes.
35  Immuno-Concentration Salmonella
(8 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(5 times)
BAM (2 times)
BS (2 times)
HE (2 times)
2002 Evaluation of VIDAs Immuno-concentration Salmonella assay Plus selective plate method (Hektoen enteric, bismuth sulfite, Salmonella identification) for detection of Salmonella in selected foods: collaborative study.
36  Impaired Control Scale
(8 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(5 times)
AUDIT (1 time)
BIS (1 time)
CPT (1 time)
1993 Development of a scale for measuring impaired control over alcohol consumption: a preliminary report.
37  inflated calyx syndrome
(8 times)
Botany
(4 times)
CArG (1 time)
euAP1 (1 time)
MPF2 (1 time)
2005 Heterotopic expression of MPF2 is the key to the evolution of the Chinese lantern of Physalis, a morphological novelty in Solanaceae.
38  International Circumpolar Surveillance
(8 times)
Communicable Diseases
(4 times)
Hi (4 times)
GBS (3 times)
Hia (3 times)
2008 Invasive bacterial diseases in northern Canada.
39  ischemic cerebral stroke
(8 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
AH (2 times)
RPC (2 times)
24HAPM (1 time)
2000 [Basic intensive care of ischemic cerebral stroke. Method of therapeutic hemodilution].
40  Innsbruck Coma Scale
(7 times)
Anesthesiology
(3 times)
GCS (3 times)
GOS (2 times)
CA (1 time)
1989 [Cardiovascular and pulmonary changes in patients with an isolated cerebral lesion. II. Extravascular lung water and pulmonary gas exchange ("neurogenic lung edema")].
41  Institut Catala de la Salut
(7 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
CP (2 times)
PC (2 times)
PHC (2 times)
1989 [Factors associated with drug prescription].
42  intraretinal cystoid spaces
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
VA (3 times)
BCVA (2 times)
CRT (2 times)
2008 Time-course and characteristic morphology of retinal changes following combination of verteporfin therapy and intravitreal triamcinolone in neovascular age-related macular degeneration.
43  iron-coated sand
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
MCS (4 times)
ICS-HA (1 time)
PSM (1 time)
2007 Application of iron-coated sand and manganese-coated sand on the treatment of both As(III) and As(V).
44  image criteria score
(6 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
VGA (2 times)
AI (1 time)
BI-RADS (1 time)
2001 Demonstration of correlations between clinical and physical image quality measures in chest and lumbar spine screen-film radiography.
45  Interacting Cognitive Subsystems
(6 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
BD (1 time)
1993 Emotion and two kinds of meaning: cognitive therapy and applied cognitive science.
46  immediately centrifuged serum
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
WEC (3 times)
DEHP (1 time)
GD8.5 (1 time)
2003 [Teratogenicity of bisphenol A on post-implanted rat and mouse embryos: an in vitro study].
47  immunogenic consensus sequences
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
HCV (1 time)
MHC (1 time)
ORFs (1 time)
2005 HIV vaccine development by computer assisted design: the GAIA vaccine.
48  index of contrast sensitivity
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
CS (4 times)
VA (2 times)
LOA (1 time)
2011 Sine wave mesopic contrast sensitivity -- defining the normal range in a young population.
49  informative cluster size
(5 times)
Statistics as Topic
(4 times)
CBC (2 times)
CWGEE (2 times)
CARDS (1 time)
2014 Review of methods for handling confounding by cluster and informative cluster size in clustered data.
50  intercellular cement substance
(5 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
ANA (1 time)
BMZ (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1983 Immune complexes in pemphigus and bullous pemphigoid.
51  intracoronary stenting
(5 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
BCA (2 times)
ACS (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2000 [Long-term assessment of clinical parameters in patients with coronary heart disease after balloon angioplasty and stenting balloon angioplasty].
52  intranasal corticosteroids
(5 times)
Head
(1 time)
AR (3 times)
AH (1 time)
CRS (1 time)
2011 Clinical use of oral antihistamines and intranasal corticosteroids in patients with allergic rhinitis.
53  ICS group
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
SABA (2 times)
BHR (1 time)
EASE (1 time)
2000 Early asthma prophylaxis, natural history, skeletal development and economy (EASE): a pilot randomised controlled trial.
54  IFN consensus sequence
(4 times)
Science
(2 times)
IFNs (2 times)
CAT (1 time)
CRE (1 time)
1987 Interferons increase transcription of a major histocompatibility class I gene via a 5' interferon consensus sequence.
55  ileocolonoscopy
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
CD (3 times)
CE (2 times)
ADC (1 time)
2011 Magnetic resonance enterocolonography is useful for simultaneous evaluation of small and large intestinal lesions in Crohn's disease.
56  Incontinence Society
(4 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
POP-Q (2 times)
AP (1 time)
BN (1 time)
2005 Prevalence, impact on the quality of life and pathophysiological determinants of nocturia in urinary incontinent women.
57  independent component-cross correlation-sequential epoch
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
fMRI (3 times)
BOLD (1 time)
ICA (1 time)
2000 Independent component-cross correlation-sequential epoch (ICS) analysis of high field fMRI time series: direct visualization of dual representation of the primary motor cortex in human.
58  Industrial Control Systems
(4 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(3 times)
IIoT (1 time)
OT (1 time)
RBAC (1 time)
2019 A Role-Based Access Control Model in Modbus SCADA Systems. A Centralized Model Approach.
59  Infant Colic Scale
(4 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
PIM (1 time)
2018 Effect of Reflexology on Infantile Colic.
60  inflammatory composite score
(4 times)
Science
(1 time)
ESR (1 time)
FW (1 time)
IFN-gamma (1 time)
2016 Taking advantage of public reporting: An infection composite score to assist evaluating hospital performance for infection prevention efforts.
61  Intensive Care Society
(4 times)
Critical Care
(2 times)
--- 2006 Identifying level one patients. A cross-sectional survey on an in-patient hospital population.
62  intercavernous sinus
(4 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
JUG (1 time)
JV (1 time)
1987 Release of LH, FSH and GnRH into pituitary venous blood in mares treated with a PGF analogue, luprostiol, during the transition period.
63  International Collaborative Study
(4 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(2 times)
CDS (1 time)
ECBS-WHO (1 time)
ECOFF (1 time)
1984 3-Dimensional susceptibility testing of beta-lactam antibiotics.
64  International Complement Society
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
ECN (2 times)
ECCO (1 time)
ECRs (1 time)
2014 Complement nomenclature 2014.
65  intracardiac shunts
(4 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
ACM (1 time)
AVMs (1 time)
PWD (1 time)
2005 Echocardiographic automated cardiac output measurement of pulmonary output and quantification of intracardiac shunt.
66  Intracranial electrical stimulation
(4 times)
Brain
(3 times)
mPFC (1 time)
NBM (1 time)
Pf (1 time)
1979 Differential hypothalamic self-stimulation behaviour in Roman high-avoidance and low-avoidance rats.
67  Intracranial suppurations
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BRS (1 time)
CSOM (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2012 Intracranial suppurations in the African child: a severe but preventable complication.
68  inverse Compton scattering
(4 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
CP (1 time)
IFEL (1 time)
MuCLS (1 time)
2019 An inverse free electron laser acceleration-driven Compton scattering X-ray source.
69  IFN-containing supernatant
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
GCHV (3 times)
IFN (3 times)
CAB (1 time)
2004 Identification of two novel interferon-stimulated genes from cultured CAB cells induced by UV-inactivated grass carp hemorrhage virus.
70  Immunomagnetic cell selection
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
HPC-A (1 time)
NC (1 time)
TNCs (1 time)
2004 Impact of leukapheresis cell composition on immunomagnetic cell selection with the Baxter Isolex 300i device: a statistical analysis.
71  improved biomass cookstoves
(3 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
HAP (2 times)
CO (1 time)
TCS (1 time)
2016 Effectiveness of Six Improved Cookstoves in Reducing Household Air Pollution and Their Acceptability in Rural Western Kenya.
72  improved cuckoo search
(3 times)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
MLSSVM (1 time)
PSO (1 time)
2016 An Improved Cuckoo Search Optimization Algorithm for the Problem of Chaotic Systems Parameter Estimation.
73  INCREMENT-CPE score
(3 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
KPC-Kp (2 times)
AUROC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2017 Risks of Infection and Mortality Among Patients Colonized With Klebsiella pneumoniae Carbapenemase-Producing K. pneumoniae: Validation of Scores and Proposal for Management.
74  Indian Chest Society
(3 times)
Lung Diseases
(2 times)
NCCP (3 times)
UPP (2 times)
COPD (1 time)
2013 Guidelines for diagnosis and management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Joint ICS/NCCP (I) recommendations.
75  Insomnia Catastrophizing Scale
(3 times)
Sleep Disorders
(1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
2019 Psychometric properties of the Insomnia Catastrophizing Scale (ICS) in a large community sample.
76  inter-costal space
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
CABG (1 time)
DTV (1 time)
IMA (1 time)
2002 Thoracoscopic IMA takedown.
77  intermediate coronary syndrome
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AMI (2 times)
CPS (1 time)
PTCA (1 time)
1977 Myocardial scintigraphy with 99mtechnetium stannous pyrophosphate in patients with possible acute myocardial infarction.
78  internal carotid artery steno-occlusion
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
MFVs (1 time)
PI (1 time)
tHcy (1 time)
2009 Homocysteine and pulsatility index of cerebral arteries.
79  internal coherence scale
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
BC (1 time)
CRF (1 time)
ECLR (1 time)
2015 Do we have predictors of therapy responsiveness for a multimodal therapy concept and aerobic training in breast cancer survivors with chronic cancer-related fatigue?
80  internal conserved sequence
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
--- 1983 Evidence for the biochemical role of an internal sequence in yeast nuclear mRNA introns: implications for U1 RNA and metazoan mRNA splicing.
81  interprofessional clinical study unit
(3 times)
Education
(2 times)
--- 2012 Organizational evaluation of an interprofessional study unit--results from a Danish case study.
82  interval coded scoring
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
axSpA (1 time)
CDS (1 time)
2012 A mathematical model for interpretable clinical decision support with applications in gynecology.
83  intracellular Ca stores
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CCE (1 time)
CPA (1 time)
ER (1 time)
2003 EGF stimulates growth by enhancing capacitative calcium entry in corneal epithelial cells.
84  intracorporeal suturing
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
FLS (2 times)
PT (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
2005 Early outcomes of 100 patients with laparoscopic resection for rectal neoplasm.
85  Intracranial complications of sinusitis
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
ESS (2 times)
1998 Intracranial complications of sinusitis: a pediatric series.
86  intraoperative cortical stimulation
(3 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
PET (2 times)
fMR (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
1999 Localization of somatosensory function by using positron emission tomography scanning: a comparison with intraoperative cortical stimulation.
87  ionization cross section
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
ECS (2 times)
dsb (1 time)
LET (1 time)
2001 Repair of DNA double-strand breaks and cell killing by charged particles.
88  isolated cardiac sarcoidosis
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CS (2 times)
18F-FDG PET-CT (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2016 Isolated cardiac sarcoidosis: A focused review of an under-recognized entity.
89  Itsenko-Cushing's syndrome
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
17-OCS (1 time)
ACE (1 time)
DMZ (1 time)
1978 [Problem of autonomy of adrenal cortex adenomas of different histological structures in Cushing's syndrome].
90  icariin-conditioned serum
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
GAG (1 time)
HA (1 time)
IHC (1 time)
2019 Icariin-conditioned serum engineered with hyaluronic acid promote repair of articular cartilage defects in rabbit knees.
91  ice-cold saline
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
AIS (1 time)
ATS (1 time)
NIHSS (1 time)
2009 Ice-cold saline for the induction of mild hypothermia in patients with acute ischemic stroke: a pilot study.
92  Identify and Coherence of Self
(2 times)
Psychology, Clinical
(2 times)
SE (2 times)
AGG (1 time)
EIM (1 time)
2020 When's a story a story? Determining interpretability of Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale-Global ratings on Thematic Apperception Test narratives.
93  iliac compression syndrome
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
APG (1 time)
DUS (1 time)
DVT (1 time)
2001 Diagnosis and endovascular treatment of iliocaval compression syndrome.
94  Illness Cognitions Scale
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
--- 2010 Psychometric properties of a scale to measure investment in the sick role: the Illness Cognitions Scale.
95  Illness Concept Scale
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
ICS-T (1 time)
2004 Are illness concepts a powerful predictor of adherence to prophylactic treatment in bipolar disorder?
96  imitation crab stick
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
EFA (1 time)
MDC (1 time)
PUFA (1 time)
2011 The development of imitation crab sticks by substituting spent laying hen meat for Alaska pollack.
97  immobilization-cold stress
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
CAT (2 times)
CD (2 times)
CS (2 times)
2004 Alterations in brain antioxidant status, protein oxidation and lipid peroxidation in response to different stress models.
98  immune cell spray
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
HSC (1 time)
TRMs (1 time)
2018 An immune cell spray (ICS) formulation allows for the delivery of functional monocyte/macrophages.
99  immunochemical staining
(2 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
CIS (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
FCM (1 time)
2001 High sensitivity of PCR in situ hybridization for the detection of human papillomavirus infection in uterine cervical neoplasias.
100  immunochemistry system
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
RF (1 time)
1982 Performance of a new rate-nephelometric assay for rheumatoid factor, and its correlation with tube-titer results for human sera and synovial fluid.