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Abbreviation: ICS
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
inhaled corticosteroids
(2239 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(986 times)
COPD (341 times)
LABA (340 times)
CI (143 times)
1992 Easy bruising as a side-effect of inhaled corticosteroids.
International Continence Society
(250 times)
Urology
(169 times)
OAB (36 times)
IUGA (33 times)
LUTS (29 times)
1989 Descriptive epidemiology of urinary incontinence in 3,100 women age 30-59.
intracellular cytokine staining
(120 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(54 times)
IFN-gamma (14 times)
ELISPOT (12 times)
PBMC (12 times)
2002 Analysis of the immune response and viral evolution during the acute phase of SIV infection.
intercostal space
(78 times)
General Surgery
(19 times)
MCL (9 times)
CT (6 times)
AAL (5 times)
0 Management of Suspected Tension Pneumothorax in Tactical Combat Casualty Care: TCCC Guidelines Change 17-02.
immunochromatographic strip
(51 times)
Virology
(10 times)
ELISA (7 times)
RPR (5 times)
ANC (2 times)
2002 Immunochromatographic strip test for rapid detection of diphtheria toxin: description and multicenter evaluation in areas of low and high prevalence of diphtheria.
intraoperative cell salvage
(44 times)
General Surgery
(11 times)
ANH (7 times)
PAD (5 times)
CI (3 times)
2002 Autologous versus allogeneic transfusion in aortic surgery: a multicenter randomized clinical trial.
image correlation spectroscopy
(38 times)
Biophysics
(12 times)
ICCS (7 times)
SHG (4 times)
CLSM (3 times)
1997 Aggregation of PDGF-beta receptors in human skin fibroblasts: characterization by image correlation spectroscopy (ICS).
ileocecal sphincter
(35 times)
Physiology
(22 times)
LES (5 times)
PS (4 times)
ACh (2 times)
1975 Extrinsic nervous control of the ileo-cecal sphincter in the cat.
isochorismate synthase
(35 times)
Botany
(15 times)
SA (23 times)
PAL (9 times)
IPL (4 times)
1994 Elicitor-mediated induction of isochorismate synthase and accumulation of 2,3-dihydroxy benzoic acid in Catharanthus roseus cell suspension and shoot cultures.
10  Incident Command System
(31 times)
Disaster Medicine
(13 times)
EOC (3 times)
NIMS (3 times)
FEMA (2 times)
2003 Standardized emergency management system and response to a smallpox emergency.
11  intercellular spaces
(31 times)
Dermatology
(10 times)
BMZ (5 times)
ECS (4 times)
EM (3 times)
1976 Hypercapnia and resultant bicarbonate transfer processes in an elasmobranch fish (Scyliorhinus stellaris).
12  intracranial self-stimulation
(29 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
DA (4 times)
VTA (2 times)
CA (1 time)
1969 Discriminative responding on associated mixed and multiple schedules as a function of food and ICS reinforcement.
13  Isfahan Cohort Study
(27 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
CVD (12 times)
MetS (6 times)
IHD (4 times)
2010 Relationship Between Carotid Intima-Media Thickness with some Inflammatory Biomarkers, Ghrelin and Adiponectin in Iranians with and without Metabolic Syndrome in Isfahan Cohort Study.
14  immotile cilia syndrome
(26 times)
Genetics, Medical
(6 times)
PCD (2 times)
SI (2 times)
AP (1 time)
1984 [How useful is the ultrastructural study of the cilia of the respiratory tract in the diagnosis of an immotile cilia syndrome?].
15  intracellular staining
(14 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
IFN-gamma (4 times)
ELISPOT (3 times)
Ad (2 times)
2006 Proliferative, IFNgamma and IL-2-producing T-cell responses to HIV-2 in untreated HIV-2 infection.
16  intracranial stenosis
(14 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
BA (2 times)
ECS (2 times)
ICAD (2 times)
2003 [Medical treatment of intracranial arterial stenosis. Are primary and secondary prevention the same thing?].
17  interferon consensus sequence
(13 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
MHC (5 times)
IFN-gamma (3 times)
CAT (2 times)
1989 Antibodies to HLA class I promoter-binding proteins in sera from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus.
18  irritable colon syndrome
(13 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
CCC (1 time)
CED (1 time)
ChNIUC (1 time)
1985 Increased colonic motility during exposure to a stressful situation.
19  intercellular substance
(12 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
BMZ (2 times)
IF (2 times)
BM (1 time)
1977 Oral pemphigus vulgaris. A report of ten cases.
20  ICS 205-930
(11 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(3 times)
IMB (3 times)
aa (1 time)
AVP (1 time)
1987 Metabolism of the tropine indole-3-carboxylate ICS 205-930 by differentiated rat and human hepatoma cells.
21  intermittent cold stress
(10 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
FM (3 times)
CCS (2 times)
BECN1 (1 time)
2008 Prolonged gabapentin analgesia in an experimental mouse model of fibromyalgia.
22  interpersonal and communication skills
(10 times)
Emergency Medicine
(3 times)
EM (3 times)
ACGME (2 times)
SPs (2 times)
2006 Developing a valid evaluation for interpersonal and communication skills.
23  iatrogenic Cushing's syndrome
(9 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
PI (3 times)
HIV (2 times)
ARVs (1 time)
1991 Treatment of iatrogenic Cushing's syndrome in dogs with electroacupuncture stimulation of stomach 36.
24  improved cookstoves
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
HAP (4 times)
TCS (2 times)
CO (1 time)
2012 Benefits and costs of improved cookstoves: assessing the implications of variability in health, forest and climate impacts.
25  integral cross section
(9 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
DCS (4 times)
QCT (3 times)
CS (2 times)
2010 The dynamics of the H(+) + D(2) reaction: a comparison of quantum mechanical wavepacket, quasi-classical and statistical-quasi-classical results.
26  interval cytoreductive surgery
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
NACT (4 times)
EOC (3 times)
OS (3 times)
2004 Feasibility study of neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by interval cytoreductive surgery for stage III/IV ovarian, tubal and peritoneal cancers: Japan Clinical Oncology Group Study JCOG0206.
27  Immuno-Concentration Salmonella
(8 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(5 times)
BAM (2 times)
BS (2 times)
HE (2 times)
2002 Evaluation of VIDAs Immuno-concentration Salmonella assay Plus selective plate method (Hektoen enteric, bismuth sulfite, Salmonella identification) for detection of Salmonella in selected foods: collaborative study.
28  Impaired Control Scale
(8 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(5 times)
AUDIT (1 time)
BIS (1 time)
CPT (1 time)
1993 Development of a scale for measuring impaired control over alcohol consumption: a preliminary report.
29  Individualized Care Scale
(7 times)
Nursing
(5 times)
ANCOVA (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2005 Development and psychometric properties of the Individualized Care Scale.
30  inflated calyx syndrome
(7 times)
Botany
(4 times)
CArG (1 time)
euAP1 (1 time)
MPF2 (1 time)
2005 Heterotopic expression of MPF2 is the key to the evolution of the Chinese lantern of Physalis, a morphological novelty in Solanaceae.
31  Innsbruck Coma Scale
(7 times)
Anesthesiology
(3 times)
GCS (3 times)
GOS (2 times)
CA (1 time)
1989 [Cardiovascular and pulmonary changes in patients with an isolated cerebral lesion. II. Extravascular lung water and pulmonary gas exchange ("neurogenic lung edema")].
32  Intelligibility in Context Scale
(7 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(7 times)
SSD (3 times)
PCC (2 times)
PPC (2 times)
2012 The intelligibility in Context Scale: validity and reliability of a subjective rating measure.
33  internal carotid artery stenosis
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CI (2 times)
CA (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
2006 The Stenting to Internal Carotid Artery Stenosis (ICS) in Petrous Portion. The Evaluation of Plaque Figures in Magnetic Resonance Image.
34  International Circumpolar Surveillance
(7 times)
Communicable Diseases
(3 times)
Hi (3 times)
Hia (3 times)
QC (3 times)
2008 Invasive bacterial diseases in northern Canada.
35  image criteria score
(6 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
VGA (2 times)
AI (1 time)
BI-RADS (1 time)
2001 Demonstration of correlations between clinical and physical image quality measures in chest and lumbar spine screen-film radiography.
36  Institut Catala de la Salut
(6 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
CP (2 times)
PHC (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1989 [Factors associated with drug prescription].
37  Interacting Cognitive Subsystems
(6 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
BD (1 time)
1993 Emotion and two kinds of meaning: cognitive therapy and applied cognitive science.
38  intraretinal cystoid spaces
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
BCVA (2 times)
CRT (2 times)
FA (2 times)
2010 Time-course and characteristic morphology of retinal changes following combination of verteporfin therapy and intravitreal triamcinolone in neovascular age-related macular degeneration.
39  iron-coated sand
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
MCS (4 times)
ICS-HA (1 time)
PSM (1 time)
2007 Application of iron-coated sand and manganese-coated sand on the treatment of both As(III) and As(V).
40  ischemic cerebral stroke
(6 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
AH (2 times)
RPC (2 times)
24HAPM (1 time)
2000 [Basic intensive care of ischemic cerebral stroke. Method of therapeutic hemodilution].
41  immediately centrifuged serum
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
WEC (3 times)
DEHP (1 time)
GD8.5 (1 time)
2003 [Teratogenicity of bisphenol A on post-implanted rat and mouse embryos: an in vitro study].
42  immunogenic consensus sequences
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
HCV (1 time)
MHC (1 time)
ORFs (1 time)
2005 HIV vaccine development by computer assisted design: the GAIA vaccine.
43  Implementation Climate Scale
(5 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
CFA (1 time)
EBP (1 time)
EBPs (1 time)
2014 Assessing the organizational context for EBP implementation: the development and validity testing of the Implementation Climate Scale (ICS).
44  index of contrast sensitivity
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
CS (4 times)
VA (2 times)
LOA (1 time)
2013 Sine wave mesopic contrast sensitivity -- defining the normal range in a young population.
45  inter-crystal scattering
(5 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
PET (2 times)
DOI (1 time)
line-like (1 time)
2006 An inter-crystal scatter correction method for DOI PET image reconstruction.
46  intercellular cement substance
(5 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
ANA (1 time)
BMZ (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1983 Immune complexes in pemphigus and bullous pemphigoid.
47  intracoronary stenting
(5 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
BCA (2 times)
ACS (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1999 [Quantitative and qualitative assessment of X-ray morphology of coronary restenosis after balloon angioplasty and stenting].
48  intranasal corticosteroids
(5 times)
Neck
(1 time)
AR (3 times)
AH (1 time)
CRS (1 time)
2011 Clinical use of oral antihistamines and intranasal corticosteroids in patients with allergic rhinitis.
49  ICS group
(4 times)
Rheumatic Diseases
(1 time)
SABA (2 times)
BHR (1 time)
EASE (1 time)
2000 Early asthma prophylaxis, natural history, skeletal development and economy (EASE): a pilot randomised controlled trial.
50  IFN consensus sequence
(4 times)
Science
(2 times)
IFNs (2 times)
CAT (1 time)
CRE (1 time)
1987 Interferons increase transcription of a major histocompatibility class I gene via a 5' interferon consensus sequence.
51  independent component-cross correlation-sequential epoch
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
fMRI (3 times)
BOLD (1 time)
ICA (1 time)
2000 Independent component-cross correlation-sequential epoch (ICS) analysis of high field fMRI time series: direct visualization of dual representation of the primary motor cortex in human.
52  informative cluster size
(4 times)
Statistics as Topic
(4 times)
CWGEE (2 times)
CARDS (1 time)
CBC (1 time)
2014 Review of methods for handling confounding by cluster and informative cluster size in clustered data.
53  intercavernous sinus
(4 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
JUG (1 time)
JV (1 time)
1987 Release of LH, FSH and GnRH into pituitary venous blood in mares treated with a PGF analogue, luprostiol, during the transition period.
54  International Collaborative Study
(4 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(2 times)
CDS (1 time)
ECBS-WHO (1 time)
ECOFF (1 time)
1984 3-Dimensional susceptibility testing of beta-lactam antibiotics.
55  Intracranial electrical stimulation
(4 times)
Brain
(3 times)
mPFC (1 time)
NBM (1 time)
Pf (1 time)
1979 Differential hypothalamic self-stimulation behaviour in Roman high-avoidance and low-avoidance rats.
56  Intracranial suppurations
(4 times)
Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
BRS (1 time)
CSOM (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2013 Intracranial suppurations in the African child: a severe but preventable complication.
57  Icenko-Cushing's syndrome
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
17-OCS (1 time)
ACE (1 time)
DMZ (1 time)
1978 [Problem of autonomy of adrenal cortex adenomas of different histological structures in Cushing's syndrome].
58  IFN-containing supernatant
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
GCHV (3 times)
IFN (3 times)
CAB (1 time)
2004 Identification of two novel interferon-stimulated genes from cultured CAB cells induced by UV-inactivated grass carp hemorrhage virus.
59  ileocolonoscopy
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
CD (2 times)
CE (1 time)
DBE (1 time)
2011 Magnetic resonance enterocolonography is useful for simultaneous evaluation of small and large intestinal lesions in Crohn's disease.
60  Immunomagnetic cell selection
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
HPC-A (1 time)
NC (1 time)
TNCs (1 time)
2004 Impact of leukapheresis cell composition on immunomagnetic cell selection with the Baxter Isolex 300i device: a statistical analysis.
61  Incontinence Society
(3 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
AP (1 time)
BN (1 time)
ESSIC (1 time)
2005 Prevalence, impact on the quality of life and pathophysiological determinants of nocturia in urinary incontinent women.
62  integrated care services
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
ACM (1 time)
EBRT (1 time)
EC (1 time)
2002 Integrated disease management pilot for diabetes.
63  Integrated Care System
(3 times)
Perinatology
(2 times)
CSHCN (3 times)
CMSN (1 time)
2012 Effects of an Integrated Care System on quality of care and satisfaction for children with special health care needs.
64  Intensive Care Society
(3 times)
Critical Care
(2 times)
--- 2007 Identifying level one patients. A cross-sectional survey on an in-patient hospital population.
65  inter-costal space
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
CABG (1 time)
DTV (1 time)
IMA (1 time)
2000 Thoracoscopic IMA takedown.
66  intermediate coronary syndrome
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AMI (2 times)
CPS (1 time)
PTCA (1 time)
1977 Myocardial scintigraphy with 99mtechnetium stannous pyrophosphate in patients with possible acute myocardial infarction.
67  internal carotid artery steno-occlusion
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
MFVs (1 time)
PI (1 time)
tHcy (1 time)
2009 Homocysteine and pulsatility index of cerebral arteries.
68  internal conserved sequence
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
--- 1983 Evidence for the biochemical role of an internal sequence in yeast nuclear mRNA introns: implications for U1 RNA and metazoan mRNA splicing.
69  interprofessional clinical study unit
(3 times)
Education
(2 times)
--- 2012 Organizational evaluation of an interprofessional study unit--results from a Danish case study.
70  intracardiac shunts
(3 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
ACM (1 time)
PWD (1 time)
2005 Echocardiographic automated cardiac output measurement of pulmonary output and quantification of intracardiac shunt.
71  intracorporeal suturing
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
FLS (2 times)
PT (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
2004 Early outcomes of 100 patients with laparoscopic resection for rectal neoplasm.
72  Intracranial complications of sinusitis
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
ESS (2 times)
1998 Intracranial complications of sinusitis: a pediatric series.
73  intraoperative cortical stimulation
(3 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
PET (2 times)
fMR (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
1999 Localization of somatosensory function by using positron emission tomography scanning: a comparison with intraoperative cortical stimulation.
74  ionization cross section
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
ECS (2 times)
DSB (1 time)
LET (1 time)
1998 Repair of DNA double-strand breaks and cell killing by charged particles.
75  ice-cold saline
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
AIS (1 time)
ATS (1 time)
NIHSS (1 time)
2009 Ice-cold saline for the induction of mild hypothermia in patients with acute ischemic stroke: a pilot study.
76  iliocaval compression syndrome
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
APG (1 time)
DUS (1 time)
DVT (1 time)
2001 Diagnosis and endovascular treatment of iliocaval compression syndrome.
77  Illness Cognitions Scale
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
--- 2012 Psychometric properties of a scale to measure investment in the sick role: the Illness Cognitions Scale.
78  Illness Concept Scale
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
ICS-T (1 time)
2004 Are illness concepts a powerful predictor of adherence to prophylactic treatment in bipolar disorder?
79  imitation crab stick
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
EFA (1 time)
MDC (1 time)
PUFA (1 time)
2011 The development of imitation crab sticks by substituting spent laying hen meat for Alaska pollack.
80  immobilization-cold stress group
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
CAT (2 times)
CD (2 times)
CS (2 times)
2004 Alterations in brain antioxidant status, protein oxidation and lipid peroxidation in response to different stress models.
81  immune cell spray
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
HSC (1 time)
TRMs (1 time)
2018 An immune cell spray (ICS) formulation allows for the delivery of functional monocyte/macrophages.
82  immunochemistry system
(2 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
RF (1 time)
1982 Performance of a new rate-nephelometric assay for rheumatoid factor, and its correlation with tube-titer results for human sera and synovial fluid.
83  immunocytochemical staining
(2 times)
Embryology
(1 time)
CIS (1 time)
FISH (1 time)
HGFs (1 time)
2001 High sensitivity of PCR in situ hybridization for the detection of human papillomavirus infection in uterine cervical neoplasias.
84  implantable cochlear stimulator
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
CA (1 time)
CIS (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
1998 [Clarion 16 cochlear implant (System introduction and use experience in Japan].
85  improved biomass cookstoves
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
HAP (2 times)
CO (1 time)
TCS (1 time)
2016 Effectiveness of Six Improved Cookstoves in Reducing Household Air Pollution and Their Acceptability in Rural Western Kenya.
86  improved cuckoo search
(2 times)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
2016 An Improved Cuckoo Search Optimization Algorithm for the Problem of Chaotic Systems Parameter Estimation.
87  In-Ceram Spinell
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
DLFC (1 time)
IPSE (1 time)
MDC (1 time)
2005 Fracture resistances of cast metal and ceramic dowel and core restorations: a pilot study.
88  Independence Care System
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
MS (1 time)
2005 Multiple sclerosis management for low-income minorities.
89  Indian Chest Society
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
NCCP (2 times)
UPP (2 times)
COPD (1 time)
2013 Guidelines for diagnosis and management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Joint ICS/NCCP (I) recommendations.
90  Industrially contaminated sites
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2016 Exploring available options in characterising the health impact of industrially contaminated sites.
91  Infant Care Survey
(2 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
PPD (1 time)
1989 Infant care self-efficacy.
92  Infantile Colic Scale
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 2018 Effect of Reflexology on Infantile Colic.
93  infection composite score
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
ESR (1 time)
SIR (1 time)
2016 Taking advantage of public reporting: An infection composite score to assist evaluating hospital performance for infection prevention efforts.
94  Infection Consultation Service
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
--- 1991 Northwick Park Infection Consultation Service. Part I. The aims and operation of the service and the general distribution of infection identified by the service between September 1987 and July 1990 [see comment].
95  inferior capsular shift
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ETAC (2 times)
GEE (1 time)
MDI (1 time)
2006 A multi-centre randomized controlled trial comparing electrothermal arthroscopic capsulorrhaphy versus open inferior capsular shift for patients with shoulder instability: protocol implementation and interim performance: lessons learned from conducting a multi-centre RCT [ISRCTN68224911; NCT00251160].
96  inhaled corticoids
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
eCOPD (1 time)
LABA (1 time)
2015 A historical perspective: Are inhaled corticoids sufficient to control asthma?
97  inhaled corticosteroid 'preventer' therapy
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
PEF (2 times)
LABA (1 time)
WMD (1 time)
2003 Inhaled long acting beta agonists for stable chronic asthma.
98  inhomogeneous cooling state
(2 times)
Physics
(2 times)
HCS (2 times)
2003 Kinetics of inhomogeneous cooling in granular fluids.
99  initial cell suspension
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
ALKP (1 time)
CE (1 time)
EL (1 time)
1993 Isolation and purification of proximal kidney cells by centrifugal elutriation.
100  initial central scotomas
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
IPS (2 times)
NTG (2 times)
VF (1 time)
2014 Initial central scotomas vs peripheral scotomas in normal-tension glaucoma: clinical characteristics and progression rates.