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Abbreviation: ID
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
intellectual disability
(3026 times)
Psychiatry
(1492 times)
ASD (290 times)
DS (95 times)
DD (65 times)
1995 Sentence imitation by adolescents and young adults with Down's syndrome and other intellectual disabilities.
iron deficiency
(717 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(166 times)
IDA (173 times)
Hb (81 times)
sTfR (56 times)
1982 Nutritional iron and dopamine binding sites in the rat brain.
intradermal
(643 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(235 times)
IM (188 times)
s.c (65 times)
i.n (32 times)
1973 An appraisal of the bentonite flocculation test in the detection of bovine tuberculosis.
infectious diseases
(383 times)
Communicable Diseases
(140 times)
CI (23 times)
HIV (20 times)
OR (18 times)
1965 Investigation of the cause of the infectious dropsy (ID) of carp.
internal diameter
(211 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(36 times)
ETT (16 times)
HPLC (8 times)
WT (8 times)
1976 Jet ventilation for fiberoptic bronchoscopy under general anesthesia.
identification
(175 times)
Microbiology
(42 times)
AST (36 times)
mE (6 times)
MALDI-TOF MS (5 times)
1974 Feature similarity and feature bias in identification of visually presented letters.
iodine deficiency
(174 times)
Endocrinology
(54 times)
TSH (18 times)
UIC (18 times)
PN (16 times)
1975 Antibody-dependent lymphocyte killer function in human immunodeficiency diseases.
injected dose
(153 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(50 times)
PET (18 times)
CT (9 times)
p.i (9 times)
1986 Distribution of(31)Silicon-Labeled silicic acid in the rat.
immunodiffusion
(148 times)
Microbiology
(46 times)
ELISA (32 times)
CF (26 times)
CIE (15 times)
1972 Use of the immunodiffusion test in the serodiagnosis of aspergillosis.
10  inner diameter
(148 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(53 times)
OD (20 times)
CSA (9 times)
WT (9 times)
1983 Microphotometric determination of hematocrit in small vessels.
11  intraduodenal
(142 times)
Pharmacology
(50 times)
i.v (26 times)
CCK (14 times)
GLP-1 (12 times)
1978 Mannitol and glucose: effects on gastric acid secretion and endogenous gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP).
12  internal derangement
(100 times)
Dentistry
(80 times)
TMJ (86 times)
OA (19 times)
MRI (13 times)
1990 Conservative management of temporomandibular disorders: a posttreatment comparison between patients from a university clinic and from private practice.
13  intercalated disc
(64 times)
Cardiology
(17 times)
Cx43 (6 times)
GJ (6 times)
SD (6 times)
1977 Ultrastructure of failing myocardium due to induced chronic mitral insufficiency in dogs.
14  incidence density
(57 times)
Epidemiology
(10 times)
CI (6 times)
BSI (4 times)
HIV (3 times)
1990 [An epidemiological study of meningococcal disease in the province of Cordova (1983-1987)].
15  intrinsically disordered
(56 times)
Biochemistry
(24 times)
GR (8 times)
NTD (4 times)
DBD (3 times)
2006 Serine/arginine-rich splicing factors belong to a class of intrinsically disordered proteins.
16  isotope dilution
(56 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(44 times)
ICP-MS (9 times)
EC (4 times)
CRMs (3 times)
1991 Accurate determination of mean cell volume by isotope dilution in erythrocyte populations with variable deformability.
17  index of difficulty
(52 times)
Physiology
(14 times)
MT (14 times)
RT (2 times)
APAs (1 time)
1976 The effect of practice on human performance in a preview-constrained motor control task.
18  insertion/deletion
(44 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
ACE (34 times)
DD (15 times)
PCR (6 times)
1993 Insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism at the locus for angiotensin I-converting enzyme and myocardial infarction.
19  identifier
(42 times)
Molecular Biology
(9 times)
SINEs (4 times)
Pol III (3 times)
ARTs (1 time)
1983 Structural analysis of gene loci for rat U1 small nuclear RNA.
20  individual-donation
(38 times)
Hematology
(34 times)
NAT (30 times)
HBV (22 times)
MP (17 times)
2003 Nucleic acid technology screening of Australian blood donors for hepatitis C and human immunodeficiency virus-1 RNA: comparison of two high-throughput testing strategies.
21  infant-directed
(35 times)
Pediatrics
(15 times)
AD (21 times)
DS (2 times)
TD (2 times)
1990 Preference for infant-directed speech in the first month after birth.
22  inbreeding depression
(25 times)
Biology
(10 times)
AMF (1 time)
AP (1 time)
AS (1 time)
1999 THE ROLE OF INBREEDING DEPRESSION IN MAINTAINING THE MIXED MATING SYSTEM OF THE COMMON MORNING GLORY, IPOMOEA PURPUREA.
23  isosorbide dinitrate
(23 times)
Therapeutics
(8 times)
DNL (2 times)
NO (2 times)
PH (2 times)
1980 [Comparative study of three oral nitrate derivatives. A hemodynamic assessment in 10 patients with chronic heart failure (author's transl)].
24  insomnia disorder
(22 times)
Psychophysiology
(15 times)
ISI (4 times)
EC (3 times)
EO (3 times)
2014 Insomnia disorder is associated with increased amygdala reactivity to insomnia-related stimuli.
25  intrinsic disorder
(21 times)
Biochemistry
(12 times)
TFs (4 times)
RCD1 (2 times)
ANAC046 (1 time)
2006 Intrinsic disorder in transcription factors.
26  identity
(20 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
EMO (2 times)
WM (2 times)
am (1 time)
1995 Odontological identification of fire victims--potentialities and limitations.
27  inhibitory domain
(20 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
CARD (2 times)
CARD11 (2 times)
DLBCL (2 times)
1983 Effects of 5-fluorouracil and 2 alpha-methyldihydrotestosterone propionate on the growth of human breast carcinoma MCF-7 in vitro.
28  inside diameter
(19 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(9 times)
CE (3 times)
ETT (2 times)
HPLC (2 times)
1986 Arteriolar dimensions from unanesthetized rabbits.
29  intervertebral disc
(19 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
ECM (2 times)
MMPs (2 times)
TB (2 times)
1976 Terminal plate fracture in vertebrae of the aged.
30  index
(16 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
AHI (1 time)
AMD (1 time)
BIS (1 time)
1977 [Damping of oscillations in arterial pressure in the internal carotid arteries].
31  insulin-dependent
(16 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
NID (9 times)
ACh (3 times)
DM (3 times)
1980 Incidence of the respiratory distress syndrome in infants of diabetic mothers--perinatal influences.
32  integral dose
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
IMRT (6 times)
VMAT (4 times)
HT (3 times)
2006 Integral radiation dose to normal structures with conformal external beam radiation.
33  intermediate-dose
(16 times)
Hematology
(7 times)
HD (8 times)
CR (4 times)
G-CSF (3 times)
1987 Effect of dose and repeat intravenous 24 hr infusions of methotrexate on cerebrospinal fluid availability in children with hematological malignancies.
34  ionic dialysance
(16 times)
Nephrology
(15 times)
HD (5 times)
DDQ (2 times)
SPVV-UKM (2 times)
1996 Ionic dialysance as a method for the on-line monitoring of delivered dialysis without blood sampling.
35  iron dextran
(16 times)
Nephrology
(8 times)
IS (7 times)
i.p (3 times)
CKD (2 times)
1985 Iron exclusion from aflatoxin B1-induced hepatocellular carcinoma in rats.
36  increment of diversity
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
SVM (4 times)
PseAA (2 times)
PWM (2 times)
2001 The prediction of the structural class of protein: application of the measure of diversity.
37  interdigital dermatitis
(15 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(13 times)
FR (5 times)
SFR (4 times)
CODD (3 times)
2008 Naming and recognition of six foot lesions of sheep using written and pictorial information: a study of 809 English sheep farmers.
38  intelligent design
(14 times)
Biology
(5 times)
CSC (1 time)
2003 Creationism and intelligent design.
39  incidental durotomy
(13 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
AOR (2 times)
CI (2 times)
CSF (2 times)
2009 Effect of fibrin glue on the prevention of persistent cerebral spinal fluid leakage after incidental durotomy during lumbar spinal surgery.
40  infective dermatitis
(13 times)
Dermatology
(7 times)
HTLV-1 (6 times)
ATLL (4 times)
HTLV (2 times)
1995 Tropical spastic paraparesis occurring in HTLV-1 associated infective dermatitis. Report of two cases.
41  intellectual deficiency
(13 times)
Genetics, Medical
(6 times)
ASD (5 times)
aCGH (1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
2002 Effect of valerian, Valeriana edulis, on sleep difficulties in children with intellectual deficits: randomised trial.
42  inflammatory diseases
(12 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
MS (4 times)
CNS (3 times)
CSF (2 times)
1990 Multiple sclerosis: cell-mediated immunity to human brain gangliosides.
43  infundibular dilatation
(12 times)
Neurosurgery
(4 times)
PcomA (3 times)
CTA (2 times)
ICA (2 times)
1986 An angiographic study of incidence and morphology of infundibular dilation of the posterior communicating artery.
44  intensity distribution
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
LF (8 times)
PR (4 times)
ER (3 times)
1995 Metallothionein expression in duct carcinoma in situ of the breast.
45  iron depletion
(12 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
IDA (5 times)
Hb (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
2001 [Changes of serum transferrin receptor in children with iron deficiency and its response to iron supplementation].
46  ischemic depolarization
(12 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
MPA (2 times)
SD (2 times)
aCSF (1 time)
1990 Level of ischemia and brain functions in the Mongolian gerbil in vivo.
47  immunodiffusion test
(11 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
CF (2 times)
CFTs (1 time)
CIE (1 time)
1976 Partial characterization of the principal soluble antigens associated with the coronavirus of transmissible gastroenteritis by complement fixation and immunodiffusion.
48  index date
(11 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
CKD (3 times)
ADPKD (1 time)
AMI (1 time)
2013 Retrospective real-world adherence in patients with type 2 diabetes initiating once-daily liraglutide 1.8 mg or twice-daily exenatide 10 mug.
49  indomethacin
(11 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
PG (7 times)
ASA (2 times)
LHRH (2 times)
1977 Effects of acetylsalicylic acid and indomethacin on growth hormone secretion in man.
50  insulin dysregulation
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(11 times)
EMS (3 times)
OGT (3 times)
OST (3 times)
2016 Effect of Age, Season, Body Condition, and Endocrine Status on Serum Free Cortisol Fraction and Insulin Concentration in Horses.
51  interpersonally distressed
(11 times)
Psychophysiology
(4 times)
Dys (9 times)
AC (8 times)
MPI (6 times)
2003 Multidimensional subgroups in migraine: differential treatment outcome to a pain medicine program.
52  identification number
(10 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
CF (1 time)
CI (1 time)
DK (1 time)
2001 Glycome project: concept, strategy and preliminary application to Caenorhabditis elegans.
53  immunodominant
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
HEL (2 times)
SD (2 times)
Abs (1 time)
1994 Dose-dependent T cell tolerance to an immunodominant self peptide.
54  inhibitory duration
(10 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
ACh (3 times)
PEN (3 times)
PENs (3 times)
1997 [The effect of fresh-gas decoupling on respiratory volume. Draegar Sulla 808V anesthesia ventilator].
55  illicit drugs
(9 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(7 times)
NPS (2 times)
ALC (1 time)
AMI (1 time)
2010 Patterns of substance use among hurricane Katrina evacuees in Houston, Texas.
56  immune deposits
(9 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
LRE (3 times)
PHN (3 times)
GBM (2 times)
1983 Immunoelectron microscopic study of plasma protein pathways through the abnormal intestinal vasculature of HgCl2 induced immune disease in brown Norway rats.
57  integrated density
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AChE (1 time)
ACTB (1 time)
AMPH CPP (1 time)
2003 Integrated density of a lesion: a quantitative, mammographically derived, invariable measure.
58  intermittent dosing
(9 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
CD (4 times)
CI (3 times)
CABG (1 time)
1989 Evaluation of intermittent drainage of the renal pelvis as seen in the isotope renogram.
59  internal domain
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
PSLV (3 times)
CTD (2 times)
HELD (2 times)
2002 Mutational analysis of human thioredoxin reductase 1. Effects on p53-mediated gene expression and interferon and retinoic acid-induced cell death.
60  intrinsicoid deflection
(9 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
CRT (3 times)
ECG (2 times)
IACT (2 times)
1975 Electrocardiographic criteria for the diagnosis of left anterior fascicular block. Left axis deviation and delayed intraventricular conduction.
61  imprinting defect
(8 times)
Genetics, Medical
(4 times)
AS (6 times)
IC (4 times)
PWS (2 times)
2001 Distinct phenotypes distinguish the molecular classes of Angelman syndrome.
62  instructional design
(8 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
BLS (1 time)
CAIPE (1 time)
GD (1 time)
2010 [Favorable and effective instructional design (ID) for the future neurologist].
63  interincisal distance
(8 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
OSF (2 times)
AL (1 time)
BFP (1 time)
1995 Clinical evaluation of different treatment methods for oral submucous fibrosis. A 10-year experience with 150 cases.
64  internal drainage
(8 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
ED (5 times)
BDL (2 times)
Sham (2 times)
1984 Pancreatic pseudocyst. Analysis of surgical therapy in 58 patients.
65  iron-deficient diet
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CD (2 times)
PND (2 times)
ALAD (1 time)
1991 Impaired protein kinase C activation as one of the possible mechanisms of reduced lymphocyte proliferation in iron deficiency in mice.
66  incision and drainage
(7 times)
Otolaryngology
(4 times)
PTA (4 times)
AUH (1 time)
EBV (1 time)
2005 [Trends and complications in the management of peritonsillar abscess with emphasis on children].
67  insertion depth
(7 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
IT (3 times)
RFA (3 times)
DY (2 times)
2003 Intra-atrial ECG is not a reliable method for positioning left internal jugular vein catheters.
68  intervening domain
(7 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
MBD (2 times)
MeCP2 (2 times)
AR (1 time)
2004 [Androgen receptor and SMRT].
69  intradimensional
(7 times)
Brain
(3 times)
ED (6 times)
WCST (2 times)
AST (1 time)
1997 Stimulus dimension shifts in patients with schizophrenia, with and without paranoid hallucinatory symptoms, or obsessive compulsive disorder: strategies, blocking and monoamine status.
70  iodothyronine deiodinase
(7 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
TH (2 times)
TPO (2 times)
alpha-GPD (1 time)
1992 Type I iodothyronine deiodinase activity after high selenium intake, and relations between selenium and iodine metabolism in rats.
71  icodextrin
(6 times)
Colonic Diseases
(1 time)
aa (2 times)
CA125 (1 time)
CAPD (1 time)
2005 Adhesion prevention comparing liquid and solid barriers in the rabbit uterine horn model.
72  Idaho
(6 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
Ma (2 times)
OR (2 times)
WA (2 times)
2000 The effectiveness of doramectin pour-on in the control of gastrointestinal nematode infections in cow-calf herds.
73  idiopathic
(6 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
GES (3 times)
GET (3 times)
GP (3 times)
1993 [Chronotropic and pressoric response in myocardiopathy in patients with heart failure during ergometric test. Correlation of spirometry variables with effort].
74  ileal digestibility
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
TD (3 times)
aa (2 times)
AID (2 times)
1996 Apparent digestibility of nutrients in diets with different energy density, as estimated by direct and marker methods for pigs with or without ileo-cecal cannulas.
75  incubation days
(6 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
IMHV (2 times)
PKC (2 times)
Gp (1 time)
1996 Pathological study of Japanese quail embryo with acid alpha-glucosidase deficiency during early development.
76  indole
(6 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
PC (2 times)
SK (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1989 Comparison of the bladder response to indole and sodium saccharin ingestion by male rats.
77  insertion device
(6 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
APS (2 times)
LCLS (1 time)
MS (1 time)
1998 Construction of a vertical undulator at SPring-8.
78  interdisciplinary
(6 times)
Ethics
(1 time)
ROS (1 time)
VERP (1 time)
2002 [Interdisciplinarity of Spanish cardiovascular research teams].
79  intraclonal diversification
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CLL (4 times)
Ig (3 times)
IGHV (2 times)
2009 Extensive intraclonal diversification in a subgroup of chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients with stereotyped IGHV4-34 receptors: implications for ongoing interactions with antigen.
80  intradermal tests
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
ADRs (1 time)
CIEP (1 time)
DPT (1 time)
1986 [Radioimmunoassay method for the detection of IgE antibodies specific to alcuronium].
81  ictal discharge
(5 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
IED (2 times)
4-AP (1 time)
AEDs (1 time)
1989 [Effect of a Ca-channel blocker, ryodipine, on focal and generalized epileptic activity].
82  ignition delay
(5 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
ILs (2 times)
CO (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2010 Hypergolic N,N-dimethylhydrazinium ionic liquids.
83  indefinite for dysplasia
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
LGD (3 times)
BE (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
2004 Goblet cell status in idiopathic ulcerative colitis--implication in surveillance program.
84  influence diagram
(5 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
BN (2 times)
AHP (1 time)
BNs (1 time)
2006 Enabling a powerful marine and offshore decision-support solution through Bayesian network technique.
85  intensity discrimination task
(5 times)
Psychophysiology
(2 times)
RT (2 times)
ABRM (1 time)
ACC (1 time)
1985 Contingent negative variation in processes of expectancy, motor preparation and time estimation.
86  intermediate
(5 times)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
HD (3 times)
ACE (1 time)
AML (1 time)
1989 Correlation of membrane anisotropy with function in subpopulations of human blood platelets.
87  intermediate density
(5 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
HD (5 times)
LD (2 times)
GALT (1 time)
1983 Differences in myeloperoxidase activity from neutrophilic polymorphonuclear leukocytes of differing density: relationship to selective exocytosis of distinct forms of the enzyme.
88  intermediate domain
(5 times)
Occupational Diseases
(1 time)
DD (2 times)
RIPK1 (2 times)
TIR (2 times)
2002 Regulation of interleukin-1- and lipopolysaccharide-induced NF-kappaB activation by alternative splicing of MyD88.
89  intestinal damage
(5 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
AAC (1 time)
GO (1 time)
GWP (1 time)
1998 An experimental study investigating the effects of intraperitoneal human neonatal urine and meconium on rat intestines.
90  inverse dynamics
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
FD (2 times)
AAN (1 time)
ADL (1 time)
2014 An instrumented footbar for evaluating external forces in Pilates.
91  iron deficiency without anemia
(5 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
IDA (4 times)
CI (1 time)
FASD (1 time)
1994 Increased in vitro tumour necrosis factor-alpha production in iron deficiency anemia.
92  AYVV-ID
(4 times)
Virology
(1 time)
AYVD (1 time)
PTGS (1 time)
PVX (1 time)
2010 Identification of the virulence factors and suppressors of posttranscriptional gene silencing encoded by Ageratum yellow vein virus, a monopartite begomovirus.
93  idiopathic dystonia
(4 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
DTI (1 time)
ET (1 time)
FA (1 time)
1994 [Postural tremor and dystonia. Clinical aspects and physiopathological considerations].
94  imaginal desensitization
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
CPA (1 time)
CS (1 time)
EO (1 time)
1985 Expectancy, covert sensitization and imaginal desensitization in compulsive sexuality.
95  implantation depth
(4 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
AL (1 time)
BAV (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2017 Impact of balloon aortic valvuloplasty on transcatheter aortic valve implantation with self-expandable valve.
96  index of discrimination
(4 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
DLST (1 time)
NT (1 time)
Pex (1 time)
1993 Ribotyping of Pseudomonas aeruginosa: discriminatory power and usefulness as a tool for epidemiological studies.
97  index of diversity
(4 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
CGF (2 times)
MLST (2 times)
PFGE (2 times)
2009 Multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis for subtyping of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Enteritidis.
98  individualized dose
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
FD (3 times)
GH (2 times)
ALL (1 time)
1997 Individualized dose titration of growth hormone (GH) during GH replacement in hypopituitary adults.
99  inflammatory dermatoses
(4 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
MF (3 times)
CTCL (2 times)
EBER (1 time)
2003 Mycosis fungoides shows concurrent deregulation of multiple genes involved in the TNF signaling pathway: an expression profile study.
100  initial dose
(4 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
BoNT-A (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1997 Comparison of vecuronium with ORG 9487 and their interaction.