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Abbreviation: ID
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
intellectual disability
(3633 times)
Psychiatry
(1649 times)
ASD (407 times)
DS (118 times)
DD (89 times)
1995 Sentence imitation by adolescents and young adults with Down's syndrome and other intellectual disabilities.
iron deficiency
(858 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(185 times)
IDA (212 times)
Hb (101 times)
sTfR (66 times)
1982 Nutritional iron and dopamine binding sites in the rat brain.
intradermal
(796 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(294 times)
IM (225 times)
s.c (79 times)
i.p (44 times)
1973 An appraisal of the bentonite flocculation test in the detection of bovine tuberculosis.
infectious diseases
(474 times)
Communicable Diseases
(177 times)
CI (29 times)
ASP (23 times)
HIV (22 times)
1965 Investigation of the cause of the infectious dropsy (ID) of carp.
internal diameter
(222 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(38 times)
ETT (17 times)
WT (9 times)
HPLC (8 times)
1976 Jet ventilation for fiberoptic bronchoscopy under general anesthesia.
identification
(201 times)
Microbiology
(50 times)
AST (48 times)
CA (6 times)
MALDI-TOF MS (6 times)
1974 Feature similarity and feature bias in identification of visually presented letters.
iodine deficiency
(187 times)
Endocrinology
(57 times)
UIC (21 times)
TSH (18 times)
PN (16 times)
1975 Antibody-dependent lymphocyte killer function in human immunodeficiency diseases.
intraduodenal
(179 times)
Pharmacology
(75 times)
i.v (33 times)
CCK (15 times)
i.g (13 times)
1978 Mannitol and glucose: effects on gastric acid secretion and endogenous gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP).
inner diameter
(156 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(56 times)
OD (21 times)
CSA (9 times)
WT (9 times)
1983 Microphotometric determination of hematocrit in small vessels.
10  injected dose
(155 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(50 times)
PET (18 times)
CT (9 times)
p.i (9 times)
1986 Distribution of(31)Silicon-Labeled silicic acid in the rat.
11  immunodiffusion
(150 times)
Microbiology
(46 times)
ELISA (33 times)
CF (27 times)
CIE (15 times)
1972 Use of the immunodiffusion test in the serodiagnosis of aspergillosis.
12  internal derangement
(107 times)
Dentistry
(82 times)
TMJ (92 times)
OA (21 times)
MRI (14 times)
1990 Conservative management of temporomandibular disorders: a posttreatment comparison between patients from a university clinic and from private practice.
13  intercalated disc
(69 times)
Cardiology
(17 times)
Cx43 (7 times)
GJ (7 times)
SD (6 times)
1977 Ultrastructure of failing myocardium due to induced chronic mitral insufficiency in dogs.
14  incidence density
(61 times)
Epidemiology
(10 times)
CI (7 times)
HAIs (4 times)
BSI (3 times)
1990 [An epidemiological study of meningococcal disease in the province of Cordova (1983-1987)].
15  intrinsically disordered
(59 times)
Biochemistry
(25 times)
GR (8 times)
NTD (4 times)
DBD (3 times)
2006 Serine/arginine-rich splicing factors belong to a class of intrinsically disordered proteins.
16  isotope dilution
(58 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(45 times)
ICP-MS (10 times)
EC (4 times)
CRMs (3 times)
1991 Accurate determination of mean cell volume by isotope dilution in erythrocyte populations with variable deformability.
17  index of difficulty
(56 times)
Physiology
(15 times)
MT (17 times)
AT (2 times)
RT (2 times)
1976 The effect of practice on human performance in a preview-constrained motor control task.
18  insertion/deletion
(50 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
ACE (35 times)
DD (19 times)
PCR (7 times)
1993 Insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism at the locus for angiotensin I-converting enzyme and myocardial infarction.
19  identifier
(45 times)
Molecular Biology
(9 times)
SINEs (4 times)
Pol III (3 times)
ARTs (1 time)
1983 Structural analysis of gene loci for rat U1 small nuclear RNA.
20  individual-donation
(42 times)
Hematology
(37 times)
NAT (32 times)
HBV (22 times)
MP (19 times)
2003 Nucleic acid technology screening of Australian blood donors for hepatitis C and human immunodeficiency virus-1 RNA: comparison of two high-throughput testing strategies.
21  infant-directed
(37 times)
Pediatrics
(16 times)
AD (23 times)
DS (2 times)
TD (2 times)
1990 Preference for infant-directed speech in the first month after birth.
22  insomnia disorder
(37 times)
Psychophysiology
(19 times)
CBT-I (5 times)
ISI (4 times)
EC (3 times)
2014 Insomnia disorder is associated with increased amygdala reactivity to insomnia-related stimuli.
23  inbreeding depression
(28 times)
Biology
(12 times)
AMF (1 time)
AP (1 time)
AS (1 time)
1999 THE ROLE OF INBREEDING DEPRESSION IN MAINTAINING THE MIXED MATING SYSTEM OF THE COMMON MORNING GLORY, IPOMOEA PURPUREA.
24  insulin dysregulation
(26 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(24 times)
OST (7 times)
PPID (6 times)
EMS (5 times)
2016 Effect of Age, Season, Body Condition, and Endocrine Status on Serum Free Cortisol Fraction and Insulin Concentration in Horses.
25  intrinsic disorder
(23 times)
Biochemistry
(12 times)
TFs (4 times)
PTMs (2 times)
RCD1 (2 times)
2006 Intrinsic disorder in transcription factors.
26  isosorbide dinitrate
(23 times)
Therapeutics
(8 times)
DNL (2 times)
NO (2 times)
PH (2 times)
1980 [Comparative study of three oral nitrate derivatives. A hemodynamic assessment in 10 patients with chronic heart failure (author's transl)].
27  identity
(22 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
EMO (2 times)
WM (2 times)
AM (1 time)
1995 Odontological identification of fire victims--potentialities and limitations.
28  inhibitory domain
(20 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
CARD (2 times)
CARD11 (2 times)
DLBCL (2 times)
1983 Effects of 5-fluorouracil and 2 alpha-methyldihydrotestosterone propionate on the growth of human breast carcinoma MCF-7 in vitro.
29  inside diameter
(20 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(9 times)
CE (3 times)
ETT (2 times)
HPLC (2 times)
1986 Arteriolar dimensions from unanesthetized rabbits.
30  intervertebral disc
(20 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
ECM (2 times)
MMPs (2 times)
TB (2 times)
1976 Terminal plate fracture in vertebrae of the aged.
31  incidental durotomy
(19 times)
Orthopedics
(8 times)
CSF (5 times)
AOR (2 times)
CI (2 times)
2009 Effect of fibrin glue on the prevention of persistent cerebral spinal fluid leakage after incidental durotomy during lumbar spinal surgery.
32  intermediate-dose
(19 times)
Hematology
(7 times)
HD (9 times)
SD (4 times)
CR (3 times)
1987 Effect of dose and repeat intravenous 24 hr infusions of methotrexate on cerebrospinal fluid availability in children with hematological malignancies.
33  index date
(18 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
CKD (4 times)
CIs (2 times)
csDMARDs (2 times)
2013 Retrospective real-world adherence in patients with type 2 diabetes initiating once-daily liraglutide 1.8 mg or twice-daily exenatide 10 mug.
34  index
(17 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
AHI (1 time)
AMD (1 time)
BIS (1 time)
1977 [Damping of oscillations in arterial pressure in the internal carotid arteries].
35  integral dose
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
IMRT (6 times)
VMAT (4 times)
HT (3 times)
2006 Integral radiation dose to normal structures with conformal external beam radiation.
36  interincisal distance
(17 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
OSF (2 times)
AL (1 time)
AT (1 time)
1995 Clinical evaluation of different treatment methods for oral submucous fibrosis. A 10-year experience with 150 cases.
37  ionic dialysance
(17 times)
Nephrology
(16 times)
HD (5 times)
DDQ (2 times)
SPVV-UKM (2 times)
1996 Ionic dialysance as a method for the on-line monitoring of delivered dialysis without blood sampling.
38  iron dextran
(17 times)
Nephrology
(8 times)
IS (7 times)
i.p (3 times)
CKD (2 times)
1985 Iron exclusion from aflatoxin B1-induced hepatocellular carcinoma in rats.
39  insulin-dependent
(16 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
NID (9 times)
ACh (3 times)
DM (3 times)
1980 Incidence of the respiratory distress syndrome in infants of diabetic mothers--perinatal influences.
40  interpersonally distressed
(16 times)
Psychophysiology
(4 times)
Dys (10 times)
AC (9 times)
MPI (6 times)
2003 Multidimensional subgroups in migraine: differential treatment outcome to a pain medicine program.
41  increment of diversity
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
SVM (4 times)
PseAA (2 times)
PWM (2 times)
2001 The prediction of the structural class of protein: application of the measure of diversity.
42  interdigital dermatitis
(15 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(13 times)
FR (5 times)
SFR (4 times)
CODD (3 times)
2008 Naming and recognition of six foot lesions of sheep using written and pictorial information: a study of 809 English sheep farmers.
43  iron depletion
(15 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
IDA (5 times)
AIS (2 times)
Hb (2 times)
2001 [Changes of serum transferrin receptor in children with iron deficiency and its response to iron supplementation].
44  infective dermatitis
(14 times)
Dermatology
(7 times)
HTLV-1 (6 times)
ATLL (5 times)
HTLV (2 times)
1995 Tropical spastic paraparesis occurring in HTLV-1 associated infective dermatitis. Report of two cases.
45  intellectual deficiency
(14 times)
Genetics, Medical
(6 times)
ASD (5 times)
aCGH (1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
2002 Effect of valerian, Valeriana edulis, on sleep difficulties in children with intellectual deficits: randomised trial.
46  intelligent design
(14 times)
Biology
(5 times)
CSC (1 time)
2003 Creationism and intelligent design.
47  immunodominant
(13 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(9 times)
SD (3 times)
Abs (2 times)
HEL (2 times)
1994 Dose-dependent T cell tolerance to an immunodominant self peptide.
48  inflammatory diseases
(12 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
MS (4 times)
CNS (3 times)
CSF (2 times)
1990 Multiple sclerosis: cell-mediated immunity to human brain gangliosides.
49  infundibular dilatation
(12 times)
Neurosurgery
(4 times)
PcomA (3 times)
CTA (2 times)
ICA (2 times)
1986 An angiographic study of incidence and morphology of infundibular dilation of the posterior communicating artery.
50  intensity distribution
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
LF (8 times)
PR (4 times)
ER (3 times)
1995 Metallothionein expression in duct carcinoma in situ of the breast.
51  ischemic depolarization
(12 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
MPA (2 times)
SD (2 times)
aCSF (1 time)
1990 Level of ischemia and brain functions in the Mongolian gerbil in vivo.
52  identification number
(11 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
CF (1 time)
CI (1 time)
DK (1 time)
2001 Glycome project: concept, strategy and preliminary application to Caenorhabditis elegans.
53  immunodiffusion test
(11 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
CF (2 times)
CFTs (1 time)
CIE (1 time)
1976 Partial characterization of the principal soluble antigens associated with the coronavirus of transmissible gastroenteritis by complement fixation and immunodiffusion.
54  indomethacin
(11 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
PG (7 times)
ASA (2 times)
LHRH (2 times)
1977 Effects of acetylsalicylic acid and indomethacin on growth hormone secretion in man.
55  inhibitory duration
(11 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
ACh (3 times)
PEN (3 times)
PENs (3 times)
1997 [The effect of fresh-gas decoupling on respiratory volume. Draegar Sulla 808V anesthesia ventilator].
56  integrated density
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AChE (1 time)
ACTB (1 time)
AMPH CPP (1 time)
2003 Integrated density of a lesion: a quantitative, mammographically derived, invariable measure.
57  intermittent dosing
(10 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
CD (4 times)
CI (3 times)
CABG (1 time)
1989 Evaluation of intermittent drainage of the renal pelvis as seen in the isotope renogram.
58  illicit drugs
(9 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(7 times)
NPS (2 times)
ALC (1 time)
AMI (1 time)
2010 Patterns of substance use among hurricane Katrina evacuees in Houston, Texas.
59  immune deposits
(9 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
LRE (3 times)
PHN (3 times)
GBM (2 times)
1983 Immunoelectron microscopic study of plasma protein pathways through the abnormal intestinal vasculature of HgCl2 induced immune disease in brown Norway rats.
60  imprinting defect
(9 times)
Genetics, Medical
(5 times)
AS (7 times)
IC (4 times)
PWS (2 times)
2001 Distinct phenotypes distinguish the molecular classes of Angelman syndrome.
61  internal domain
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
PSLV (3 times)
CTD (2 times)
HELD (2 times)
2002 Mutational analysis of human thioredoxin reductase 1. Effects on p53-mediated gene expression and interferon and retinoic acid-induced cell death.
62  intrinsicoid deflection
(9 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
CRT (3 times)
ECG (2 times)
IACT (2 times)
1975 Electrocardiographic criteria for the diagnosis of left anterior fascicular block. Left axis deviation and delayed intraventricular conduction.
63  incision and drainage
(8 times)
Otolaryngology
(4 times)
PTA (4 times)
PA (2 times)
AUH (1 time)
2005 [Trends and complications in the management of peritonsillar abscess with emphasis on children].
64  instructional design
(8 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
BLS (1 time)
CAIPE (1 time)
GD (1 time)
2010 [Favorable and effective instructional design (ID) for the future neurologist].
65  internal drainage
(8 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
ED (5 times)
BDL (2 times)
Sham (2 times)
1984 Pancreatic pseudocyst. Analysis of surgical therapy in 58 patients.
66  intradimensional
(8 times)
Brain
(4 times)
ED (6 times)
WCST (2 times)
ASST (1 time)
1997 Stimulus dimension shifts in patients with schizophrenia, with and without paranoid hallucinatory symptoms, or obsessive compulsive disorder: strategies, blocking and monoamine status.
67  iron-deficient diet
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CD (2 times)
PND (2 times)
ALAD (1 time)
1991 Impaired protein kinase C activation as one of the possible mechanisms of reduced lymphocyte proliferation in iron deficiency in mice.
68  ignition delay
(7 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
CO (2 times)
HC (2 times)
HILs (2 times)
2010 Hypergolic N,N-dimethylhydrazinium ionic liquids.
69  insertion depth
(7 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
IT (3 times)
RFA (3 times)
DY (2 times)
2003 Intra-atrial ECG is not a reliable method for positioning left internal jugular vein catheters.
70  intervening domain
(7 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
MBD (2 times)
MeCP2 (2 times)
AR (1 time)
2004 [Androgen receptor and SMRT].
71  iodothyronine deiodinase
(7 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
TH (2 times)
TPO (2 times)
alpha-GPD (1 time)
1992 Type I iodothyronine deiodinase activity after high selenium intake, and relations between selenium and iodine metabolism in rats.
72  icodextrin
(6 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
aa (2 times)
CA125 (1 time)
CAPD (1 time)
2005 Adhesion prevention comparing liquid and solid barriers in the rabbit uterine horn model.
73  Idaho
(6 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
Ma (2 times)
OR (2 times)
WA (2 times)
2000 The effectiveness of doramectin pour-on in the control of gastrointestinal nematode infections in cow-calf herds.
74  idiopathic
(6 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
GES (3 times)
GET (3 times)
GP (3 times)
1993 [Chronotropic and pressoric response in myocardiopathy in patients with heart failure during ergometric test. Correlation of spirometry variables with effort].
75  ileal digestibility
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
TD (3 times)
aa (2 times)
AID (2 times)
1996 Apparent digestibility of nutrients in diets with different energy density, as estimated by direct and marker methods for pigs with or without ileo-cecal cannulas.
76  implantation depth
(6 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
TAVR (3 times)
CD (2 times)
LBBB (2 times)
2017 Impact of balloon aortic valvuloplasty on transcatheter aortic valve implantation with self-expandable valve.
77  incubation days
(6 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
IMHV (2 times)
PKC (2 times)
Gp (1 time)
1996 Pathological study of Japanese quail embryo with acid alpha-glucosidase deficiency during early development.
78  index of dispersion
(6 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
ED (2 times)
CI (1 time)
FN (1 time)
1977 Comparison of measures of forced expiration.
79  indole
(6 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
PC (2 times)
SK (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1989 Comparison of the bladder response to indole and sodium saccharin ingestion by male rats.
80  influence diagram
(6 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
BN (2 times)
AHP (1 time)
BBN (1 time)
2006 Enabling a powerful marine and offshore decision-support solution through Bayesian network technique.
81  insertion device
(6 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
APS (2 times)
LCLS (1 time)
MS (1 time)
1998 Construction of a vertical undulator at SPring-8.
82  interdisciplinary
(6 times)
Ethics
(1 time)
ROS (1 time)
VERP (1 time)
2002 [Interdisciplinarity of Spanish cardiovascular research teams].
83  intermediate
(6 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
HD (3 times)
LD (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
1989 Correlation of membrane anisotropy with function in subpopulations of human blood platelets.
84  intraclonal diversification
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CLL (4 times)
Ig (3 times)
IGHV (2 times)
2009 Extensive intraclonal diversification in a subgroup of chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients with stereotyped IGHV4-34 receptors: implications for ongoing interactions with antigen.
85  intradermal tests
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
ADRs (1 time)
CIEP (1 time)
DPT (1 time)
1986 [Radioimmunoassay method for the detection of IgE antibodies specific to alcuronium].
86  inverse dynamics
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
FD (2 times)
AAN (1 time)
ADL (1 time)
2014 An instrumented footbar for evaluating external forces in Pilates.
87  ictal discharge
(5 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
IED (2 times)
4-AP (1 time)
AEDs (1 time)
1989 [Effect of a Ca-channel blocker, ryodipine, on focal and generalized epileptic activity].
88  indefinite for dysplasia
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
LGD (3 times)
BE (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
2004 Goblet cell status in idiopathic ulcerative colitis--implication in surveillance program.
89  injected
(5 times)
Parasitology
(1 time)
CVL (1 time)
iNOS (1 time)
LAV (1 time)
2011 Qualitative and quantitative immunohistochemical evaluation of iNOS expression in the spleen of dogs naturally infected with Leishmania chagasi.
90  instrumental delivery
(5 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
CS (4 times)
BW (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1993 Caesarean section rates in an African country.
91  insulin deficiency
(5 times)
Diabetes Mellitus
(1 time)
IR (3 times)
ACh (1 time)
AGEs (1 time)
1993 [The characteristics of the learning and neuronal support for instrumental food-acquisition behavior in rabbits with an insulin deficiency].
92  intensity discrimination
(5 times)
Psychophysiology
(2 times)
RT (2 times)
ABRM (1 time)
ACC (1 time)
1985 Contingent negative variation in processes of expectancy, motor preparation and time estimation.
93  intermediate density
(5 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
HD (5 times)
LD (2 times)
GALT (1 time)
1983 Differences in myeloperoxidase activity from neutrophilic polymorphonuclear leukocytes of differing density: relationship to selective exocytosis of distinct forms of the enzyme.
94  intermediate domain
(5 times)
Occupational Diseases
(1 time)
DD (2 times)
RIPK1 (2 times)
TIR (2 times)
2002 Regulation of interleukin-1- and lipopolysaccharide-induced NF-kappaB activation by alternative splicing of MyD88.
95  internal biliary drainage
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
ED (5 times)
OJ (4 times)
SH (4 times)
2004 Short-term effects of external and internal biliary drainage on liver and cellular immunity in experimental obstructive jaundice.
96  internally displaced
(5 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
BDI (1 time)
BPAQ (1 time)
CDI (1 time)
2012 An HIV/STI prevention intervention for internally displaced women in Leogane, Haiti: study protocol for an N-of-1 pilot study.
97  intestinal damage
(5 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
AAC (1 time)
GO (1 time)
GWP (1 time)
1998 An experimental study investigating the effects of intraperitoneal human neonatal urine and meconium on rat intestines.
98  iron deficiency without anemia
(5 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
IDA (4 times)
CI (1 time)
FASD (1 time)
1994 Increased in vitro tumour necrosis factor-alpha production in iron deficiency anemia.
99  island domain
(5 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(2 times)
BRI1 (2 times)
BRs (2 times)
KD (2 times)
2005 Binding of brassinosteroids to the extracellular domain of plant receptor kinase BRI1.
100  isokinetic dynamometry
(5 times)
Exercise
(2 times)
EMG (2 times)
ER (1 time)
FS (1 time)
2006 Reliability of normalisation methods for EMG analysis of neck muscles.