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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
infective endocarditis
(2564 times)
Cardiology
(742 times)
CI (141 times)
TEE (107 times)
OR (82 times)
1975 Prosthetic aortic valvular endocarditis.
immediate-early
(1005 times)
Virology
(575 times)
HCMV (287 times)
HSV-1 (159 times)
CMV (88 times)
1975 Synthesis of functional bacteriophage T4-delayed early mRNA in the absence of protein synthesis.
ionization energy
(101 times)
Chemistry
(71 times)
EA (10 times)
VUV (10 times)
PFI-PE (9 times)
1996 Phospholes with Reduced Pyramidal Character from Steric Crowding. 2. Photoelectron Spectral Evidence for Some Electron Delocalization in 1-(2,4-Di-tert-butyl-6-methylphenyl)-3-methylphosphole.
information extraction
(77 times)
Medical Informatics
(62 times)
NLP (17 times)
EHR (6 times)
ML (5 times)
1997 Automatic construction of knowledge base from biological papers.
idiopathic epilepsy
(64 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(49 times)
CSF (12 times)
SE (7 times)
SRMA (6 times)
1996 Interictal electroencephalographic findings in a family of golden retrievers with idiopathic epilepsy.
infected erythrocytes
(53 times)
Medicine
(13 times)
CSA (10 times)
PfEMP1 (9 times)
DBL (4 times)
1984 Identification of a strain-specific malarial antigen exposed on the surface of Plasmodium falciparum-infected erythrocytes.
islet equivalents
(46 times)
Transplantation
(29 times)
UW (4 times)
IAT (3 times)
KIIM (3 times)
1991 Automated large-scale isolation, in vitro function and xenotransplantation of porcine islets of Langerhans.
intractable epilepsy
(41 times)
Neurology
(27 times)
AED (4 times)
KD (3 times)
SE (3 times)
1998 [Ketogenic diet: efficacy and tolerability in childhood intractable epilepsy].
inhibition efficiency
(33 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(7 times)
SEM (4 times)
MS (3 times)
beta-CD (2 times)
1990 Partial purification and characterization of the reverse transcriptase of the simian immunodeficiency virus TYO-7 isolated from an African green monkey.
10  ion-exchange
(33 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(13 times)
RP (4 times)
CE (2 times)
CEC (2 times)
1991 Large-scale purification of the synthetic peptide fragment 163-171 of human interleukin-beta by multi-dimensional displacement chromatography.
11  internal-external
(32 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
AP (23 times)
FE (11 times)
ACL (6 times)
2001 Effects of in vitro wear of machined and molded UHMWPE tibial inserts on TKR kinematics.
12  ifosfamide and etoposide
(27 times)
Neoplasms
(18 times)
VDC (8 times)
EFS (5 times)
OS (5 times)
1987 Cisplatin/etoposide versus ifosfamide/etoposide combination chemotherapy in small-cell lung cancer: a multicenter German randomized trial.
13  intraepithelial
(26 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
LP (9 times)
GALT (5 times)
PPs (4 times)
1982 Intraepithelial leukocytes of the intestinal mucosa in normal man and in Whipple's disease: a light- and electron-microscopic study.
14  interaction entropy
(25 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
PPC (6 times)
MD (5 times)
vdW (3 times)
2008 Homology Models and Molecular Modeling of Human Retinoic Acid Metabolizing Enzymes Cytochrome P450 26A1 (CYP26A1) and P450 26B1 (CYP26B1).
15  idiopathic erythrocytosis
(24 times)
Hematology
(17 times)
PV (15 times)
EPO (7 times)
PPP (4 times)
1983 Peripheral blood lymphocyte subpopulations in polycythaemia and thrombocythaemia.
16  interoceptive exposure
(23 times)
Therapeutics
(12 times)
AS (9 times)
CBT (4 times)
PD (4 times)
1997 How does interoceptive exposure for panic disorder work? An uncontrolled case study.
17  falciparum-infected erythrocytes
(22 times)
Tropical Medicine
(5 times)
PfEMP1 (6 times)
CSA (5 times)
EPCR (3 times)
1989 A human 88-kD membrane glycoprotein (CD36) functions in vitro as a receptor for a cytoadherence ligand on Plasmodium falciparum-infected erythrocytes.
18  immunoelectrophoresis
(22 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
ELISA (4 times)
ID (2 times)
IEF (2 times)
1966 [Immunoglobulins of bursectomized chickens in immunoelectrophoresis (IE)].
19  imaginal exposure
(19 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(9 times)
PTSD (11 times)
IR (6 times)
CR (2 times)
1999 A randomized trial of cognitive therapy and imaginal exposure in the treatment of chronic posttraumatic stress disorder.
20  isometric exercise
(16 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
BP (4 times)
HR (4 times)
BRS (2 times)
1980 [Assessment of left ventricular function in patients with aortic regurgitation using dynamic investigation (author's transl)].
21  indirect effect
(15 times)
Psychology
(7 times)
OR (2 times)
ACT-G (1 time)
AP (1 time)
2015 Self-compassion, affect, and health-promoting behaviors.
22  intuitive eating
(15 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
BMI (6 times)
CR (2 times)
IES-2 (2 times)
2010 Effectiveness of the "My Body Knows When" intuitive-eating pilot program.
23  intermittent exercise
(14 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
CE (4 times)
HR (3 times)
CFS (2 times)
1979 Respiratory and cardiovascular aspects of intermittent exercise with regard to ice hockey.
24  ineffective erythropoiesis
(13 times)
Hematology
(11 times)
EPO (2 times)
GDF15 (2 times)
sTfR (2 times)
2003 Diagnostic value of serum transferrin receptor and glycosylated hemoglobin on hemolytic anemia.
25  interval exercise
(13 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
CE (5 times)
CLE (3 times)
CON (2 times)
2004 Dynamic hyperinflation and tolerance to interval exercise in patients with advanced COPD.
26  intestinal epithelium
(13 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
WT (4 times)
SI (3 times)
ARMs (2 times)
2007 Decreased P-glycoprotein (P-gp/MDR1) expression in inflamed human intestinal epithelium is independent of PXR protein levels.
27  intrinsic estimator
(13 times)
Public Health
(7 times)
APC (9 times)
AAPC (2 times)
GBD (2 times)
2011 [Application of the intrinsic estimator to breast cancer mortality rates].
28  integral equation
(12 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
RF (2 times)
CAS (1 time)
CG (1 time)
1999 Theory of beam-plasma instability in a periodic plasma-filled waveguide.
29  intense exercise
(12 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
ME (3 times)
CON (2 times)
iEMG (2 times)
1988 [Newly developed stenocardia: effect of intensive physical training on the lipoprotein spectrum of blood plasma].
30  inversion-eversion
(12 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
AP (5 times)
DP (5 times)
DOF (1 time)
1999 Instrumented measurement of anteroposterior and inversion-eversion laxity of the normal ankle joint complex.
31  imaging ellipsometry
(11 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
11-MUA (2 times)
BAM (1 time)
Ld (1 time)
2004 Immunosensor for detection of Yersinia enterocolitica based on imaging ellipsometry.
32  implanted embryos
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
OR (11 times)
ES (7 times)
FS (7 times)
2003 Analyses for the presence of a major gene affecting uterine capacity in unilaterally ovariectomized rabbits.
33  independent evaluator
(11 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
CBT (3 times)
ADHD (2 times)
OCD (2 times)
2005 Cognitive-behavioral therapy for ADHD in medication-treated adults with continued symptoms.
34  immediate early protein
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
HCMV (3 times)
CMV (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1988 Transcriptional regulation by the immediate early protein of pseudorabies virus during in vitro nucleosome assembly.
35  inner ear
(10 times)
Otolaryngology
(4 times)
OM (2 times)
BM (1 time)
CN (1 time)
1993 Inner ear-specific autoantibodies.
36  intestinal enterococci
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
EC (6 times)
TC (3 times)
FC (2 times)
2008 Characteristics and significance of liquid effluent from woodchip corrals in Scotland.
37  isotope effect
(10 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
PSIEs (2 times)
AIE (1 time)
AIEgens (1 time)
2005 Kinetic analysis of the L-ornithine transcarbamoylase from Pseudomonas savastanoi pv. phaseolicola that is resistant to the transition state analogue (R)-N delta-(N'-sulfodiaminophosphinyl)-L-ornithine.
38  isotopic enrichment
(10 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
Glyc (2 times)
apo (1 time)
ApoA1 (1 time)
1990 Measurement of very low density and low density lipoprotein apolipoprotein (Apo) B-100 and high density lipoprotein Apo A-I production in human subjects using deuterated leucine. Effect of fasting and feeding.
39  impoverished
(9 times)
Brain
(5 times)
EE (6 times)
SE (2 times)
dpi (1 time)
1980 Paradoxical sleep and memory (I): Selective alterations following enriched and impoverished environmental rearing.
40  inspiratory-expiratory
(9 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(4 times)
EI (6 times)
KF (1 time)
RRU (1 time)
1973 Organization of the pneumotaxic oscillator in the cat.
41  institutional ethnography
(9 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
CR (1 time)
EHR (1 time)
HPE (1 time)
2009 The Nurse Project: an analysis for nurses to take back our work.
42  impoverished environment
(8 times)
Parasitology
(1 time)
EE (8 times)
AED (1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
2003 Neuroprotective effects on somatotopic maps resulting from piracetam treatment and environmental enrichment after focal cortical injury.
43  Incisional endometriosis
(8 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
DE (1 time)
EUS (1 time)
FNAC (1 time)
2010 Incisional endometriosis: diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology.
44  infantile esotropia
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
AAPOS (2 times)
ESA (2 times)
ISA (2 times)
1998 Anomalies of motion perception in infantile esotropia.
45  infectious episodes
(8 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
BL (1 time)
CI (1 time)
DPM (1 time)
1983 [Incidence of bacterial infections during hemodialysis treatment].
46  isotopic exchange
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
PET (4 times)
BSA (1 time)
EPR (1 time)
2005 An isotope exchange technique to assess mechanisms of sorption hysteresis applied to naphthalene in kerogenous organic matter.
47  incremental exercise
(7 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
CWRE (3 times)
ALT (1 time)
BR (1 time)
2001 Power and peak blood lactate at 5050 m with 10 and 30 s 'all out' cycling.
48  index of effectiveness
(7 times)
Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
DE (1 time)
EF (1 time)
Ext (1 time)
1986 [Basic results of a committee trial of the new vaccine Grippovac SE-AZh].
49  inoculum effect
(7 times)
Drug Therapy
(3 times)
MIC (3 times)
CFB (1 time)
CLSI (1 time)
1989 Inoculum effect.
50  intensity
(7 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(4 times)
AME (1 time)
AMEs (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
1985 Fluorometric assay for pancreatic cholesterylester hydrolase.
51  intraepithelial space
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
GALT (6 times)
LP (6 times)
IgA (3 times)
1992 Histochemical study on the gland of pelvis renalis in the horse.
52  isoeugenol
(7 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
ACR (2 times)
PPD (2 times)
SA (2 times)
2004 Abnormal solvent effects on hydrogen atom abstraction. 2. Resolution of the curcumin antioxidant controversy. The role of sequential proton loss electron transfer.
53  ileal exclusion
(6 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
PEBD (2 times)
PFIC (2 times)
AGS (1 time)
2007 Ileal exclusion for refractory symptomatic cholestasis in Alagille syndrome.
54  immediate extubation
(6 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
DE (2 times)
ICU (2 times)
LOS (2 times)
2014 A randomized controlled trial of a community-based nutrition education program for low-income parents.
55  ineffective effort
(6 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
NIV (3 times)
AECOPD (1 time)
AT (1 time)
2000 The appropriate setting of noninvasive pressure support ventilation in stable COPD patients.
56  infective valve endocarditis
(6 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
AI (1 time)
AS (1 time)
AVR (1 time)
1981 Therapy of experimental infective endocarditis due to antibiotic-tolerant Lactobacillus plantarum-bactericidal synergy of penicillin plus gentamicin. Correlation of in vitro susceptibility studies with in vivo efficacy.
57  inhibitory effect
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
TPA (2 times)
ABR (1 time)
BF (1 time)
1991 Inhibitory effects of new types of biflavonoid-related polyphenols; lophirone A and lophiraic acid, on some tumor promoter-induced biological responses in vitro and in vivo.
58  Intermediate Equivalent
(6 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
BUPA (1 time)
CMO (1 time)
ESWL (1 time)
1993 What is a reasonable orthopaedic surgical workload? An analysis of elective and trauma workloads using two different complexity scoring systems.
59  intermittent
(6 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
AECOPD (1 time)
BAT (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
1975 Exercise responses following ozone exposure.
60  intrinsic excitability
(6 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
AD (2 times)
AP (2 times)
EPSP (2 times)
2008 Long-lasting enhancement in the intrinsic excitability of deep dorsal horn neurons.
61  isoprene-emitting
(6 times)
Botany
(4 times)
NE (6 times)
ABA (1 time)
GLVs (1 time)
2014 Isoprene production in transgenic tobacco alters isoprenoid, non-structural carbohydrate and phenylpropanoid metabolism, and protects photosynthesis from drought stress.
62  parasite-infected erythrocytes
(6 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
PfEMP1 (3 times)
CSA (2 times)
DBL (2 times)
2009 Chondroitin sulphate A (CSA)-binding of single recombinant Duffy-binding-like domains is not restricted to Plasmodium falciparum Erythrocyte Membrane Protein 1 expressed by CSA-binding parasites.
63  idiopathic edema
(5 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
AEAB (1 time)
BIS (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
1979 [Idiopathic edema (IE). Relationship between renin, aldosterone, catecholamines and prolactin].
64  immature erythrocytes
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
ENA (3 times)
ALT (2 times)
BNF (2 times)
2002 Naphthalene and beta-naphthoflavone effects on Anguilla anguilla L. hepatic metabolism and erythrocytic nuclear abnormalities.
65  index
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CBF (1 time)
PET (1 time)
PR (1 time)
1983 [Water diffusion and measurement of cerebral blood flow by C15O2 inhalation].
66  Indo-European
(5 times)
Biology
(2 times)
PCoA (1 time)
STR (1 time)
YHRD (1 time)
2014 Genetic diversity of 15 autosomal short tandem repeats loci using the AmpFLSTR() Identifilerâ„¢ kit in a Bhil Tribe Population from Gujarat state, India.
67  infrequent exacerbators
(5 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
FE (4 times)
AECOPD (1 time)
ASV (1 time)
2016 Factors associated with impaired quality of life in French patients with chronic idiopathic constipation: a cross-sectional study.
68  inhibition of emergence
(5 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
IGR (2 times)
2003 Horizontal transfer of the insect growth regulator pyriproxyfen to larval microcosms by gravid Aedes albopictus and Ochlerotatus triseriatus mosquitoes in the laboratory.
69  initial examination
(5 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
GCF (2 times)
PD (2 times)
APT (1 time)
1996 Interleukin-1 beta, prostaglandin E2, and immunoglobulin G subclasses in gingival crevicular fluid in patients undergoing periodontal therapy.
70  inside end
(5 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
OE (4 times)
Tnp (3 times)
TSDs (1 time)
1989 Orientation of IS50 transposase gene and IS50 transposition.
71  instability element
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
Rb (3 times)
1996 Functional mapping of the translation-dependent instability element of yeast MATalpha1 mRNA.
72  instantaneous envelope
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
IF (5 times)
CD (3 times)
MP (3 times)
2006 Modeling the time-varying microstructure of simulated sleep EEG spindles using time-frequency analysis methods.
73  insufficient effort
(5 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
AE (2 times)
MTX (2 times)
RA (2 times)
2001 Discrepancy between predicted and obtained WAIS-R IQ scores discriminates between traumatic brain injury and insufficient effort.
74  intestinal extraction
(5 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
GE (2 times)
AC (1 time)
BA (1 time)
1997 Comparative immunizing power of infections, salivary extracts, and intestinal extracts of Hyalomma marginatum marginatum in cattle.
75  iodine excess
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
ID (2 times)
TH (2 times)
AITD (1 time)
1998 Long-term Effects of Various Iodine and Fluorine Doses on the Thyroid and Fluorosis in Mice.
76  Ireland
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
BE (2 times)
DK (2 times)
ENG (2 times)
2015 Seroprevalence of Schmallenberg virus in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland: 2011-2013.
77  ischemic exercise
(5 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
FBF (2 times)
L-NMMA (2 times)
NO (2 times)
2005 Effect of active muscle mass during ischemic exercise on peak lower leg vascular conductance.
78  identical elements
(4 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
RT (1 time)
2006 Cued recall from image and sentence memory: a shift from episodic to identical elements representation.
79  immunoenzymatic
(4 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
Ag (1 time)
AML (1 time)
BM (1 time)
1982 [Determination of IgM anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies with the immunoenzymatic (IE) method].
80  incremental exercise to exhaustion
(4 times)
Physiological Phenomena
(2 times)
IS (1 time)
MA (1 time)
SAH (1 time)
2015 What limits performance during whole-body incremental exercise to exhaustion in humans?
81  indirect ELISA
(4 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
ABC-E (1 time)
ABC-ELISA (1 time)
d-OD (1 time)
1984 Kinetics of virus-specific IgG and IgM antibody response in patas monkeys experimentally infected with Delta herpesvirus by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.
82  individual education
(4 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
BMI (2 times)
GE (2 times)
UC (2 times)
2013 Are benefits from diabetes self-management education sustained?
83  induced enucleation
(4 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
6-DMAP (1 time)
CHX (1 time)
DEM (1 time)
2003 Cloned mice derived from embryonic stem cell karyoplasts and activated cytoplasts prepared by induced enucleation.
84  industrial engineering
(4 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
ED (1 time)
EDWIN (1 time)
GC (1 time)
2006 Ergonomic decision-making: a conceptual framework for experienced practitioners from backgrounds in industrial engineering and physical therapy.
85  influenza virus-associated encephalopathy
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
IFS (2 times)
CD40L (1 time)
EBV (1 time)
2004 Analysis of cytokine levels and NF-kappaB activation in peripheral blood mononuclear cells in influenza virus-associated encephalopathy.
86  inhibition-excitation
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
DPI (1 time)
EPVT (1 time)
1984 A classroom rating scale for use with mentally retarded children.
87  insect elicitor
(4 times)
Science
(1 time)
JA (3 times)
LNA (2 times)
MW (2 times)
2011 Low concentrations of salicylic acid stimulate insect elicitor responses in Zea mays seedlings.
88  interesterified
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
TAG (2 times)
AMF (1 time)
BB (1 time)
2009 Enzymatic interesterification of anhydrous milk fat with rapeseed and/or linseed oil: oxidative stability.
89  interstitial edema
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ED (2 times)
ADHF (1 time)
AE (1 time)
1997 Experimental investigation of preservation injury in animal kidneys after reperfusion with Euro-Collins.
90  Intraoperative evaluation
(4 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
SLN (2 times)
ALND (1 time)
ASO (1 time)
2004 Intraoperative examination of sentinel nodes in breast cancer: is the glass half full or half empty?
91  inverse effectiveness
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
ERPs (2 times)
EEG (1 time)
RT (1 time)
1976 [The effect of dehelminthizations performed during the year on the seasonal dynamics of natural nematode infections in sheep].
92  Ionization energies
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
ADF (1 time)
EA (1 time)
HA (1 time)
2002 Ionization energies of multiply protonated polypeptides obtained by tandem ionization in Fourier transform mass spectrometers.
93  ischemic events
(4 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AMI (1 time)
APAC (1 time)
CP-BOLD (1 time)
1981 Characteristics of the resuscitated out-of-hospital cardiac arrest victim with coronary heart disease.
94  isolated environment
(4 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
EE (3 times)
METH (2 times)
SA (2 times)
2012 The effects of rearing condition on methamphetamine self-administration and cue-induced drug seeking.
95  Demecolcine-induced enucleation
(3 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
NT (1 time)
PB (1 time)
2003 [Chemical induction -- new strategy of oocyte enucleation].
96  immersible ergocycle
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
DE (3 times)
HR (1 time)
HRR (1 time)
2015 Biomechanical analysis to determine the external power output on an immersible ergocycle.
97  immobilized enzyme
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
beta-CD (1 time)
CDs (1 time)
FBR (1 time)
1998 Thermal stability and energy of deactivation of free and immobilized amyloglucosidase in the saccharification of liquefied cassava starch.
98  immune enhancing
(3 times)
Critical Care
(2 times)
GI (2 times)
IL (1 time)
NIE (1 time)
2005 Comparative effects of early randomized immune or non-immune-enhancing enteral nutrition on cytokine production in children with septic shock.
99  immune escape
(3 times)
Virology
(2 times)
BCP (2 times)
CHB (2 times)
DR (2 times)
2017 Compartmental HBV evolution and replication in liver and extrahepatic sites after nucleos/tide analogue therapy in chronic hepatitis B carriers.
100  impact-echo
(3 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
MEMS (1 time)
NDT (1 time)
2015 MEMS Microphone Array Sensor for Air-Coupled Impact-Echo.