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Abbreviation: IEC
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
intestinal epithelial cells
(591 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(129 times)
IBD (75 times)
CD (40 times)
DSS (37 times)
1980 Redistribution of membrane proteins in isolated mouse intestinal epithelial cells.
information, education and communication
(182 times)
Medicine
(34 times)
BCC (8 times)
MDA (6 times)
TB (6 times)
1983 Information education and communication (IEC) in IPP-II, Uttar Pradesh.
ion-exchange chromatography
(175 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(63 times)
HIC (16 times)
SEC (14 times)
HPLC (10 times)
1973 Prevention of Rh-immunization. Modified production of IgG anti-Rh for intravenous application by ion exchange chromatography (IEC).
International Electrotechnical Commission
(109 times)
Biophysics
(24 times)
ISO (11 times)
MTF (5 times)
PET (5 times)
1935 Adoption of the Meter-Kilogram-Mass-Second (M.K.S.) Absolute System of Practical Units by the International Electrotechnical Commission (I.E.C.), Bruxelles, June, 1935.
ion exchange capacity
(89 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(24 times)
SEM (12 times)
FTIR (9 times)
TGA (9 times)
1982 Sulfonated poly(vinylidene fluoride) as a biomaterial: immobilization of urokinase and biocompatibility.
immune evasion cluster
(40 times)
Microbiology
(15 times)
MRSA (19 times)
MSSA (10 times)
ST (6 times)
2006 The innate immune modulators staphylococcal complement inhibitor and chemotaxis inhibitory protein of Staphylococcus aureus are located on beta-hemolysin-converting bacteriophages.
Institutional Ethics Committee
(28 times)
Medicine
(9 times)
CT (2 times)
EC (2 times)
GCP (2 times)
1987 Ethics committees and paediatric research: a personal viewpoint.
ion-exclusion chromatography
(22 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(17 times)
ESI-MS (2 times)
HPLC (2 times)
AEC (1 time)
1989 Determination of nitrite in drinking water and environmental samples by ion exclusion chromatography with electrochemical detection.
intraepidermal carcinoma
(16 times)
Dermatology
(9 times)
SCC (10 times)
AK (6 times)
BCC (4 times)
1995 Extensive spreading carcinoma of the esophagus with invasion restricted to the submucosa.
10  interlayer exchange coupling
(11 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
AFM (2 times)
FM (2 times)
AHE (1 time)
2005 Impurity-assisted interlayer exchange coupling across a tunnel barrier.
11  Independent Ethics Committee
(9 times)
Jurisprudence
(2 times)
GCP (4 times)
EFGCP (1 time)
FDA (1 time)
2001 Can non-regulators audit Independent Ethic Committees (IEC), and if so, how?
12  International Expert Committee
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
ADA (6 times)
CVD (2 times)
FPG (2 times)
0 Comparison of glycated haemoglobin and fasting blood glucose in the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus and pre-diabetes in a cohort of obese patients.
13  ion exchange
(6 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
HIC (2 times)
SEC (2 times)
CEC (1 time)
2000 Production and purification of the heavy chain fragment C of botulinum neurotoxin, serotype A, expressed in the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris.
14  immune effector cells
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
CAR (2 times)
cccDNA (1 time)
DCs (1 time)
1997 Immune effector cell (IEC)-mediated protection from HSV-1 retinitis occurs in the brain.
15  incidents, events, and complications
(5 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
BAL (1 time)
IVA (1 time)
PACU (1 time)
1995 [Quality comparison of modified neurolept-, balanced and intravenous anesthesia. 1. Study design and patient analysis of the Krefelder study 1992].
16  ileal epithelial cells
(4 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
CD (1 time)
DC (1 time)
GM-CSF Ab (1 time)
1996 Effect of adherent Lactobacillus spp. on in vitro adherence of salmonellae to the intestinal epithelial cells of chicken.
17  information, communication, and education
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
FWC (1 time)
STI (1 time)
VCT (1 time)
1992 Information, education and communication needs in family planning: the case of pakistan.
18  interactive evolutionary computation
(4 times)
Statistics as Topic
(2 times)
CIE (1 time)
EVE (1 time)
NEAT (1 time)
2005 Improving the performance of predicting users' subjective evaluation characteristics to reduce their fatigue in IEC.
19  International Eczema Council
(4 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
AD (4 times)
AE (1 time)
PCT (1 time)
2017 What's in a name? Atopic dermatitis or atopic eczema, but not eczema alone.
20  inertial electrostatic confinement
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
d,p (1 time)
TOF (1 time)
2000 The IEC star-mode fusion neutron source for NAA--status and next-step designs
21  integrated electrical conductivity
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
VES (2 times)
DOM (1 time)
ERT (1 time)
2015 Exploratory assessment of groundwater vulnerability to pollution in Abi, southeastern Nigeria, using geophysical and geological techniques.
22  Intensive English Centre
(3 times)
Social Sciences
(1 time)
MMR (1 time)
PHC (1 time)
2006 Immunisation of refugee and migrant young people: can schools do the job?
23  interchromosomal effect on crossing over
(3 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
RL (1 time)
1994 [The mechanism of the interchromsomal effect on crossing over in Drosophila melanogaster: delayed crossing over].
24  intradiploic epidermoid cyst
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CEDH (1 time)
T1WI (1 time)
T2WI (1 time)
2012 Intradiploic epidermoid cyst of frontal bone with spontaneous fistulization to eyelid.
25  ifosfamide, etoposide, and carboplatin regimen
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
PC (1 time)
2002 [Comparison of paclitaxel and carboplatin versus ifosfamide, etoposide, and carboplatin regimen for treatment of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer].
26  immediate early complex
(2 times)
Virology
(2 times)
IE (2 times)
alphaTIF (1 time)
BHV (1 time)
1992 A sequence-specific DNA-binding protein recognising a GA-rich element cooperates with Oct-1 at the herpes simplex virus type 1 IE3 promoter.
27  inflammatory endothelial cells
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
EPC (1 time)
GBM (1 time)
MGMT (1 time)
2005 Circulating inflammatory endothelial cells contribute to endothelial progenitor cell dysfunction in patients with vasculitis and kidney involvement.
28  information, education and communication activities
(2 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
HIV (1 time)
PSPs (1 time)
STD (1 time)
2000 [Management of sexually transmitted diseases by the syndrome approach and voluntary HIV screening in a specialized dispensary in Antananarivo (Madagascar)].
29  inhibitor of extrathyroidal conversion
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
NTI (2 times)
FFA (1 time)
THBI (1 time)
1985 Evidence for an inhibitor of extrathyroidal conversion of thyroxine to 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine in sera of patients with nonthyroidal illnesses.
30  integrated esophageal centers
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Whole greater than the parts: integrated esophageal centers (IEC) and advanced training in esophageal diseases.
31  interactive EC
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CE (1 time)
DE (1 time)
EC (1 time)
2015 Kernel method based human model for enhancing interactive evolutionary optimization.
32  Interelement Correction
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
AAS (1 time)
Cd (1 time)
Cr (1 time)
2005 [Quantitatively determining trace elements Co and Bi in gelatin by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry method--applying IEC model to correct the spectral interference of Fe to Co].
33  internal effect concentration
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AUC (1 time)
BCF (1 time)
dw (1 time)
2004 Organ-specific toxicokinetics and dose-response of arsenic in tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus.
34  International Electrotechnical
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ABNT (1 time)
ISO (1 time)
MB (1 time)
2015 METRICS DEVELOPMENT FOR THE QUALIS OF SOFTWARE TECHNICAL PRODUCTION.
35  Intramedullary epidermoid cyst
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2015 Thoracic intramedullary epidermoid cyst-timely fashion diagnosis and treatment.
36  ion-exchange column
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
NP (1 time)
SP-ICPMS (1 time)
2014 Improvements to single particle ICPMS by the online coupling of ion exchange resins.
37  islet endothelial cells
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Api (1 time)
NOD (1 time)
2002 Cytokine regulatory effects on alpha-1 proteinase inhibitor expression in NOD mouse islet endothelial cells.
38  ictal eye closure
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
LR (1 time)
PNEEs (1 time)
2013 Clinical utility of ictal eyes closure in the differential diagnosis between epileptic seizures and psychogenic events.
39  Identity Exploration Crisis
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
MMPI (1 time)
1995 Adolescent identity exploration: a test of Erikson's theory of transitional crisis.
40  IE-specific protein-DNA complex
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
HSV-1 (1 time)
IE (1 time)
1988 Mutational analysis of the herpes simplex virus type 1 trans-inducing factor Vmw65.
41  immune evasion cluster proteins
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
MGEs (1 time)
PSMs (1 time)
2013 Staphylococcus aureus innate immune evasion is lineage-specific: a bioinfomatics study.
42  immune evasion complex
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
MRSA (1 time)
MSSA (1 time)
2016 The Emergence and Spread of Multiple Livestock-Associated Clonal Complex 398 Methicillin-Resistant and Methicillin-Susceptible Staphylococcus aureus Strains among Animals and Humans in the Republic of Ireland, 2010-2014.
43  Immune-evasive-cluster
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
ACME (1 time)
CoNS (1 time)
MRS (1 time)
2019 Diversity of staphylococcal species in food producing animals in Spain, with detection of PVL-positive MRSA ST8 (USA300).
44  immuno-enzyme cytochemical
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
MS (1 time)
1983 Autoantibodies against pituitary peptides in sera from patients with multiple sclerosis.
45  impulse electric current
(1 time)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1995 [The ultrastructural aspects of the stress-limiting action of a pulsed electrical current on the hypothalamic neuronal subpopulations that initiate the body's stress reactions].
46  inadequate endocervical component
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 1993 The Bethesda System. Impact on reporting cervicovaginal specimens and reproducibility of criteria for assessing endocervical sampling.
47  Incidence of Estrous Cycle
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
MSG (2 times)
1992 [The mechanism of the pineal gland in inhibiting sexual receptivity of female rats: (II) Does it concern progesterone?].
48  incisal edge-to-edge contact
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 1990 Human jaw-opening muscle responses elicited by multiple-site electrical stimulation.
49  independent endpoint committee
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
CMV (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2004 Risk factors for cytomegalovirus viremia and disease developing after prophylaxis in high-risk solid-organ transplant recipients.
50  index of ejaculatory control
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
IELT (1 time)
SQoL (1 time)
TEMPE (1 time)
2007 Topical eutectic mixture for premature ejaculation (TEMPE): a novel aerosol-delivery form of lidocaine-prilocaine for treating premature ejaculation.
51  index of the effort of the carer
(1 time)
Primary Health Care
(1 time)
--- 1995 [Medicosocial profile of the crucial caregiver. Is he/she an occult patient?].
52  indicated by lon-Exchange Chromatography
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
IEMC (1 time)
1995 Experimental and theoretical analysis of the chromatographic behaviour of protein purification fusions carrying charged tails.
53  individual equivalence coefficient
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CIA (1 time)
2007 Assessing individual agreement.
54  individual exclusion change
(1 time)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
PI (1 time)
PLEM (1 time)
PM (1 time)
1984 Biostatistical parameters of paternity and calculation by a computer programme.
55  individual exposure coefficient
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ELCR (1 time)
HQ (1 time)
MOE (1 time)
1998 Risk assessment of hazardous release in air due to the chemical production of "P. Karaminchev" company in the town of Rousse.
56  indoor environmental control
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
AOR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2019 Assessing Indoor Environmental Control Practices by Race/Ethnicity Among Children With Asthma in 14 US States and Puerto Rico, 2013-2014.
57  infectious endocarditis
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2004 [Engagement of the lungs in infectious endocarditis].
58  infective endocarditis
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CHD (1 time)
2018 Determinants of successful medical education of caregivers of children with congenital heart diseases.
59  infiltrative extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
MDCT (1 time)
SC-AIP (1 time)
2010 Comparison of sclerosing cholangitis with autoimmune pancreatitis and infiltrative extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma: multidetector-row computed tomography findings.
60  inflammatory epithelial changes
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CIN (1 time)
1990 Improving the sensitivity of cervical cytologic screening. A comparison of duplicate smears and colposcopic examination of patients with cytologic inflammatory epithelial changes.
61  information and education campaign
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
ARV (1 time)
2009 A pilot study on the usefulness of information and education campaign materials in enhancing the knowledge, attitude and practice on rabies in rural Sri Lanka.
62  information education
(1 time)
--- 1995 Population communication and sustainable development. An analysis of population information education (IEC) projects in Anglophone Africa.
63  information education and communication materials
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
FP (1 time)
2013 Quality of family planning services in primary health centers of Jimma Zone, Southwest Ethiopia.
64  information entropy contrast
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
BAF (1 time)
CDPB (1 time)
2012 Compounded direct pixel beamforming for medical ultrasound imaging.
65  information, education, and communication intervention
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Impact of medicine-related information on medicine purchase and use by literate consumers.
66  infusion equivalent concentration
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2019 Bitter profiling of phenolic fractions of green Cyclopia genistoides herbal tea.
67  inhibitor of extrathyroidal conversion of thyroxine to 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CRF (1 time)
DM (1 time)
LC (1 time)
1988 [An inhibitor of extrathyroidal conversion of thyroxine to 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine (IEC) in plasma of patients with various nonthyroidal illnesses].
68  initial elongating complexes
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DNase I (1 time)
ITC (1 time)
1989 RNA chain initiation by Escherichia coli RNA polymerase. Structural transitions of the enzyme in early ternary complexes.
69  initial episode of care
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
ABSSSIs (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2018 Impact of Outpatient vs Inpatient ABSSSI Treatment on Outcomes: A Retrospective Observational Analysis of Medical Charts Across US Emergency Departments.
70  inside creek sections directly receiving effluent from concentrated shrimp farms
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ASF (1 time)
OEC (1 time)
SNI (1 time)
2013 Assessment and monitoring of nutrient loading in the sediments of tidal creeks receiving shrimp farm effluent in Quang Ninh, Vietnam.
71  Institutional Ethical Clearance
(1 time)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
WC (1 time)
2017 Influence of Central Obesity Assessed by Conicity Index on Lung Age in Young Adults.
72  Institutional Ethics Committee Approval
(1 time)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
MODS (1 time)
2016 Study of Aetiology and Outcome in Acute Febrile Illness Patients with Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome.
73  Institutional Ethics Committee of the hospital
(1 time)
T2DM (1 time)
TNF-alpha (1 time)
2017 TNF-alpha -308G/A and -238G/A polymorphisms and its protein network associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
74  Institutional Ethics Committee, Kasturba Hospital, Manipal
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
DPN (1 time)
VPT (1 time)
2019 Relationship Between Glycated Hemoglobin and Vibration Perception Threshold in Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy.
75  Instituto Evandro Chagas
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
HI (1 time)
2013 Detection of arboviruses of public health interest in free-living New World primates (Sapajus spp.; Alouatta caraya) captured in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.
76  inter-electrode coherence
(1 time)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
EEG (1 time)
ITC (1 time)
pFI (1 time)
2013 Reconciling the influence of task-set switching and motor inhibition processes on stop signal after-effects.
77  inter-electrode correlation
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
VR (1 time)
2009 New approaches to eliminating common-noise artifacts in recordings from intracortical microelectrode arrays: inter-electrode correlation and virtual referencing.
78  inter-evaluator judgement concordance
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
ICCs (1 time)
PSSQ (1 time)
TT (1 time)
2010 Evaluation of food quality in geriatric institutions.
79  interacting with bovine host cells directly
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
EAEC (1 time)
EHEC (1 time)
Stx (1 time)
2018 Pro-inflammatory capacity of Escherichia coli O104:H4 outbreak strain during colonization of intestinal epithelial cells from human and cattle.
80  interface electrochemical
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
LDHs (1 time)
2019 Understanding Li-Al-CO3 layered double hydroxides. (II) Interface electrochemical properties.
81  intermediate electron carrier
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
INT (1 time)
MTT (1 time)
NBT (1 time)
1993 Factors affecting the selection and use of tetrazolium salts as cytochemical indicators of microbial viability and activity.
82  intermolecular electronic coupling
(1 time)
ML (1 time)
RTP (1 time)
2018 Mechano-induced persistent room-temperature phosphorescence from purely organic molecules.
83  internal emotional capacity
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
EEC (1 time)
EI (1 time)
SELF (1 time)
2005 Toward an integrated profile of emotional intelligence: introducing a brief measure.
84  internal enhancement characteristics
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ACR (1 time)
ADC (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
2018 The Value of Lesion Size as an Adjunct to the BI-RADS-MRI 2013 Descriptors in the Diagnosis of Solitary Breast Masses.
85  Internal ethylene concentrations
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
1-MCP (1 time)
CTol (1 time)
DPA (1 time)
2005 1-Methylcyclopropene interactions with diphenylamine on diphenylamine degradation, alpha-farnesene and conjugated trienol concentrations, and polyphenol oxidase and peroxidase activities in apple fruit.
86  International Equipment Company
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
--- 1997 Saline corrosion of International Equipment Company (IEC) and Organon Teknika Centra-W cell washing centrifuges.
87  international expert consensus
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2017 A Validation Study of the International Consensus Diagnostic Criteria for Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome.
88  interparticle exchange coupling
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
PMA (1 time)
2012 Tunable magnetic properties by interfacial manipulation of L1(0)-FePt perpendicular ultrathin film with island-like structures.
89  interspecies electron carrier
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
AOM (1 time)
SR (1 time)
2010 Effect of methanogenic substrates on anaerobic oxidation of methane and sulfate reduction by an anaerobic methanotrophic enrichment.
90  interstitial endocrine cells
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
HSD (1 time)
1985 Testicular organogenesis in the fetal calf: interstitial endocrine (Leydig) cell development.
91  interventional embolization chemotherapy
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
GCC (1 time)
2017 Prognostic factors influencing the survival of patients with carcinoma of the gastric cardia receiving preoperative interventional embolization chemotherapy.
92  intestinal cells
(1 time)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
ABA (1 time)
DSS (1 time)
LanCL2 (1 time)
2012 Expression of PPAR gamma in intestinal epithelial cells is dispensable for the prevention of colitis by dietary abscisic acid.
93  intra-epithelial cells
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
APCs (1 time)
Ig (1 time)
LP (1 time)
1997 Review article: Local and systemic regulation of mucosal immunity.
94  intra-epithelial compartment
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
MALT (1 time)
2000 Characterization of the diffuse mucosal associated lymphoid tissue of feline small intestine.
95  intracranial epidermoid cyst
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CA19-9 (1 time)
2017 The implication of tumor biomarker CA19-9 in the diagnosis of intracranial epidermoid cyst.
96  intracranial expansive conditions
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
HC (1 time)
MGCM (1 time)
PCN (1 time)
2012 The test characteristics of head circumference measurements for pathology associated with head enlargement: a retrospective cohort study.
97  intraepithelial carcinoma without invasion
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
IECMI (1 time)
MAC (1 time)
MACEI (1 time)
2011 Prognostic significance of stromal microinvasion in the intestinal type of ovarian mucinous adenocarcinoma.
98  intraepithelial changes
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2005 Introital swab testing for Chlamydia trachomatis in a resource-poor setting: an Indian perspective.
99  Intraepithelial enteroendocrine cells
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
OVA (1 time)
1999 [Intraepithelial enteroendocrine cells in cecum and appendix from ovoalbumin sensitized rabbits].
100  intragastric exfoliative cytology
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
GC (1 time)
2019 Advances in Intraluminal Exfoliative Cytology of Gastric Cancer: Oncologic Implication of the Sixth Metastatic Route (Metastasis VI).