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Abbreviation: IED
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
interictal epileptiform discharges
(110 times)
Neurology
(66 times)
EEG (26 times)
BOLD (9 times)
EEG-fMRI (7 times)
1995 Ictal scalp EEG in temporal lobe epilepsy with unitemporal versus bitemporal interictal epileptiform discharges.
intermittent explosive disorder
(108 times)
Psychiatry
(71 times)
HC (10 times)
PTSD (8 times)
PC (6 times)
1991 The diagnosis of intermittent explosive disorder in violent men.
improvised explosive device
(85 times)
Military Medicine
(17 times)
ISS (9 times)
mTBI (6 times)
GSW (5 times)
2006 Ocular war injuries of the Iraqi Insurgency,January-September 2004.
Intra-Extra Dimensional Set Shift
(29 times)
Psychiatry
(8 times)
CANTAB (13 times)
SOC (10 times)
SWM (10 times)
2010 Emotional processing and executive functions in major depressive disorder: dorsal prefrontal activity correlates with performance in the intra-extra dimensional set shift.
inter-electrode distance
(25 times)
Physiology
(16 times)
sEMG (8 times)
EMG (7 times)
MPF (5 times)
1990 The influence of an increase in the level of force on the EMG power spectrum of elbow extensors.
Intramural esophageal dissection
(9 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
CT (1 time)
EoE (1 time)
USG (1 time)
2001 Endoscopic and radiological features of intramural esophageal dissection.
immune-enhancing diet
(8 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
aa (1 time)
Arg (1 time)
BDL (1 time)
2002 Omega-3 fatty acids in immune-enhancing enteral diets selectively increase blood flow to the ileum by a bile acid dependent mechanism.
inflammatory eye disease
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
HS (2 times)
BS (1 time)
IS (1 time)
1990 Behcet's syndrome: ocular features in an Australian population.
intra-extra-dimensional
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
CANTAB (3 times)
SOC (3 times)
BD (2 times)
2010 Reversible dyscognition in patients with a unilateral, middle fossa arachnoid cyst revealed by using a laptop based neuropsychological test battery (CANTAB).
10  immunoelectrodiffusion
(6 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
ELIEDA (4 times)
IEP (1 time)
PHA (1 time)
1977 [Humoral study of human parasitic diseases. Interest of ELIEDA. (Enzyme--linked--immuno--electro--diffusion--assay) (author's transl)].
11  interictal discharge
(6 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
2-DG (1 time)
AED (1 time)
BOLD (1 time)
2011 Epileptic networks in focal cortical dysplasia revealed using electroencephalography-functional magnetic resonance imaging.
12  intestinal effective digestibility
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
aa (4 times)
CP (4 times)
DM (4 times)
2003 In situ intestinal digestibility of dry matter and crude protein of cereal grains and rapeseed in sheep.
13  inverse electron demand
(6 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
NED (2 times)
Acr (1 time)
BD (1 time)
2001 First asymmetric synthesis of quinoline derivatives by inverse electron demand (IED) Diels-Alder reaction using chiral Ti(IV) complex.
14  Intra-dimensional/Extra-dimensional Shifts
(5 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
CANTAB (4 times)
ADHD (2 times)
SOC (2 times)
2007 Dopamine asymmetry interacts with medication to affect cognition in Parkinson's disease.
15  immediate extinction deficit
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
BLA (2 times)
CS (1 time)
LC (1 time)
2017 beta-Adrenoceptor Blockade in the Basolateral Amygdala, But Not the Medial Prefrontal Cortex, Rescues the Immediate Extinction Deficit.
16  interepicondylar distance
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ACLR (1 time)
BLL (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2011 Can interepicondylar distance predict joint line position in primary and revision knee arthroplasty?
17  isoeffective dose
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
BED (2 times)
TCP (2 times)
BRT (1 time)
2007 The role of external beam in brachytherapy.
18  isoperistaltic endoluminal drainage
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
BS (1 time)
LS (1 time)
TS (1 time)
2009 [Isoperistaltic endoluminal drainage (IED) in the surgical treatment of upper digestive tract dehiscence].
19  Immunologically Effective Dose
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2018 Immunologically effective dose: a practical model for immuno-radiotherapy.
20  indirect electrochemical detection
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
3alpha-HSD (1 time)
NACE (1 time)
SPCE (1 time)
2002 Nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis with indirect electrochemical detection.
21  individual effective dose
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
--- 2007 The theory underlying dose-response models influences predictions for intermittent exposures.
22  Industrial Emissions Directive
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AMSs (1 time)
BREF (1 time)
SCOD (1 time)
2019 Nitrogen removal from coke making wastewater through a pre-denitrification activated sludge process.
23  infectious eczematoid dermatitis
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
--- 1992 Alcohol and smoking: risk factors for infectious eczematoid dermatitis?
24  inter-extremity-difference
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
AIED (1 time)
PWH (1 time)
2013 Quadriceps strength, inter-extremity difference (IED) and joint status in adult persons with severe haemophilia in different age stages.
25  interear difference
(2 times)
Audiology
(1 time)
ABB (1 time)
MCST (1 time)
2009 Monothermal caloric screening test performance: a relative operating characteristic curve analysis.
26  intermittent esophageal dysphagia
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
BMI (1 time)
GERD (1 time)
HH (1 time)
2010 Globus jugularis and dysphagia in patients with hiatus hernia.
27  internal electron donor
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
9FM (1 time)
EtOH (1 time)
2014 9-fluorenemethanol: an internal electron donor to fine tune olefin polymerization activity.
28  intestinal epithelial dysplasia
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
HSPG (1 time)
IF (1 time)
IGF-1 (1 time)
2007 Intestinal epithelial dysplasia (tufting enteropathy).
29  intratubular epithelial dysplasia
(2 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
RCC (2 times)
1994 Dysplastic tubular epithelium in "normal" kidney associated with renal cell carcinoma.
30  IPS Empress Direct
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CS (2 times)
RBCs (2 times)
DC (1 time)
2017 In situ evaluation of color stability and hardness' decrease of resin-based composites.
31  idiopathic enamel disturbances
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2001 Prevalence of cheese molars in eleven-year-old Dutch children.
32  immune-enhancing enteral diets
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
GALT (1 time)
MALT (1 time)
2002 Immune-enhancing enteral diet selectively augments ileal blood flow in the rat.
33  immunoelectro-diffusion test
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
HA (1 time)
1985 [Serologic diagnosis of hydatidosis. 235 cases].
34  implantable electromechanical cardiac device
(1 time)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(1 time)
CE (1 time)
2013 Capsule Endoscopy in Patients with Implantable Electromedical Devices is Safe.
35  implicit attitudes
(1 time)
PA (1 time)
2019 Does the discrepancy between implicit and explicit attitudes moderate the relationships between explicit attitude and (intention to) being physically active?
36  implicit/explicit motive discrepancies
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2004 Implicit/explicit motive discrepancies and volitional depletion among managers.
37  in-ear devices
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Estimation of the ear canal displacement field due to in-ear device insertion using a registration method on a human-like artificial ear.
38  incident energy densities
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 1988 Effects of laser irradiation on immature olfactory neuroepithelial explants from the rat.
39  independent or bilateral synchronous
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
MCD (1 time)
VNS (1 time)
2005 Vagus nerve stimulation: predictors of seizure freedom.
40  Index of Eating Difficulty
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2008 Development and evaluation of an index of eating difficulty for older southern Chinese people.
41  index of erythrocyte deformation
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
IEA (1 time)
YS (1 time)
2003 [Hemorheological changes at reconstructive operations on the aorta].
42  Industrial Emissions
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EU-WID (1 time)
GB (1 time)
MWI (1 time)
2017 Estimating Particulate Exposure from Modern Municipal Waste Incinerators in Great Britain.
43  Inherited epidermal dysplasia
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1990 Inherited epidermal dysplasia in Holstein-Friesian calves.
44  Inherited eye disorders
(1 time)
Genomics
(1 time)
EyeGEx (1 time)
gnomAD (1 time)
GTEx (1 time)
2020 Variability in Gene Expression is Associated with Incomplete Penetrance in Inherited Eye Disorders.
45  Inner Ear Disorders
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CCSVI (1 time)
ECD (1 time)
HC (1 time)
2017 High Resolution M-mode Evaluation of Jugular Vein Valves in Patients with Neurological and Neurosensory Disorders.
46  inner ear dysfunction
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
IT-Gent (1 time)
SIDS (1 time)
2016 Inner ear lesion and the differential roles of hypoxia and hypercarbia in triggering active movements: Potential implication for the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome.
47  instrumental error distribution
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ARDs (1 time)
ARs (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
2018 On the Reproducibility of Early-Stage Thermally Induced and Contact-Stir-Induced Protein Aggregation.
48  Integra™ permits early durable coverage ofimprovised explosive device
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2013 Integra™ permits early durable coverage ofimprovised explosive device (IED) amputation stumps.
49  intensified extended dialysis
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
AKI (1 time)
2009 The Hannover Dialysis Outcome study: comparison of standard versus intensified extended dialysis for treatment of patients with acute kidney injury in the intensive care unit.
50  inter-event duration
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
OSLER (1 time)
PVT (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
2013 The accuracy of eyelid movement parameters for drowsiness detection.
51  inter-lead electrical delay
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CRT (1 time)
LV (1 time)
2018 Longer inter-lead electrical delay is associated with response to cardiac resynchronization therapy in patients with presumed optimal left ventricular lead position.
52  inter-set distance
(1 time)
Genomics
(1 time)
HPRD (1 time)
IAD (1 time)
PG (1 time)
2020 Network Properties of Cancer Prognostic Gene Signatures in the Human Protein Interactome.
53  interdisciplinary ED
(1 time)
Mental Disorders
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
ESI (1 time)
2020 Comparing Expert and Non-Expert Assessment of Patients Presenting with Neurological Symptoms to the Emergency Department: A Retrospective Observational Study.
54  interelement cortical distance
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Nonlinear Lateral Interactions in V1 Population Responses Explained by a Contrast Gain Control Model.
55  interfaces between epidermis-dermis
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CB (1 time)
SB (1 time)
SST (1 time)
1993 Effects of blood flow, curved boundary and environmental conditions on temperature distribution in a two dimensional model of human skin and subcutaneous tissues.
56  internal and external dose
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
KMD (1 time)
2020 Use of the kinetically-derived maximum dose concept in selection of top doses for toxicity studies hampers proper hazard assessment and risk management.
57  internal ear diseases
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
MD (1 time)
WB (1 time)
2011 Controlled study of the frequency of anti-HSP 70 with the ELISA and the Western Blot methods in patients with Meniere Disease.
58  internal endoscopic drainage
(1 time)
DPS (1 time)
PSGF (1 time)
2018 Internal endoscopic drainage as first line or second line treatment in case of postsleeve gastrectomy fistulas.
59  Internal Energy Distribution
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
ECR (1 time)
PAH (1 time)
2017 Cooling of isolated anthracene cations probed with photons of different wavelengths in the Mini-Ring.
60  internal exposure dose
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2019 Aggregate exposure modelling of vitamin A from cosmetic products, diet and food supplements.
61  internal-external drainage
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
MHBO (1 time)
SEMS (1 time)
2019 Retrospective comparison of different percutaneous approaches to manage occluded primary uncovered self-expandable metal stents in patients with unresectable malignant hilar biliary obstruction.
62  Internalized Emotional Dysfunction
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
EED (1 time)
HEA (1 time)
2017 Psychological variables and Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-IV performance.
63  intra-particle elasticity distribution
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
RBCs (1 time)
SPH-MPs (1 time)
2018 Red blood cell-like particles with the ability to avoid lung and spleen accumulation for the treatment of liver fibrosis.
64  Intra/Extradimensional Shift and reversal task
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
PAL (1 time)
RTI (1 time)
SWM (1 time)
2009 Behavioural measures of frontal lobe function in a population of young social drinkers with binge drinking pattern.
65  intracardiac EGM duration
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
COI (1 time)
EGM (1 time)
2013 Time course of current of injury is related to acute stability of active-fixation pacing leads in rabbits.
66  intraepidermal
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
--- 1989 Reactivity of T cells in mycosis fungoides exhibiting marked epidermotropism with the monoclonal antibody HML-1 that defines a membrane molecule on human mucosal lymphocytes.
67  intraluminal esophageal diverticulum
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
--- 1990 Intraluminal esophageal diverticulum.
68  intramucosal dissection of the esophagus
(1 time)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(1 time)
EoE (1 time)
2019 Acute intramucosal dissection in eosinophilic esophagitis.
69  intraoperative epithelial defects
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
LASIK (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2002 Risk factors for intraoperative epithelial defect in laser in-situ keratomileusis.
70  intrauterine explained death
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AV (1 time)
AVN (1 time)
SIUD (1 time)
2008 Histopathology of the cardiac conduction system in sudden intrauterine unexplained death.
71  intubating efficient doses
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
--- 2009 Optimal remifentanil dosage for providing excellent intubating conditions when co-administered with a single standard dose of propofol.
72  ion energy distribution
(1 time)
Physics
(1 time)
pd (1 time)
2006 Ion energy distribution and gas heating in the cathode fall of a direct-current microdischarge.
73  ion exchange degree
(1 time)
AHPs (1 time)
2015 Zeolite Y Adsorbents with High Vapor Uptake Capacity and Robust Cycling Stability for Potential Applications in Advanced Adsorption Heat Pumps.
74  ion-exchange dissolution
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
DAD (1 time)
IC (1 time)
RPLC (1 time)
2005 Ultrasound-assisted analyte extraction for the determination of sulfate and elemental sulfur in zinc sulfide by different liquid chromatography techniques.
75  ionospheric electron density
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CIT (1 time)
ISR (1 time)
2015 Tomographic reconstruction of ionospheric electron density during the storm of 5-6 August 2011 using multi-source data.
76  iron-enriched diet
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
GnRH (1 time)
2017 Iron overload induces hypogonadism in male mice via extrahypothalamic mechanisms.
77  irrigation endoscopic discectomy
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 2013 Irrigation endoscopic discectomy: a novel percutaneous approach for lumbar disc prolapse.
78  irrigator/evacuator device
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
BOPP (1 time)
CPT (1 time)
PPD (1 time)
2018 Adult periodontitis treated with a new device for subgingival lavage-a randomized controlled clinical trial using a split-mouth design.
79  isolation by effective distance
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
IBR (1 time)
2012 Urban landscape genetics: canopy cover predicts gene flow between white-footed mouse (Peromyscus leucopus) populations in New York City.
80  post-IED phase
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ECG (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
HRV (1 time)
2011 Quantitative analysis of heart rate variability in patients with absence epilepsy.