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Abbreviation: IEF
Appearance Frequency: 1742 time(s)
Long forms: 66

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
isoelectric focusing
(1591 times)
Biochemistry
(267 times)
SDS-PAGE (114 times)
CSF (82 times)
pI (82 times)
1975 Detection of isoelectric focused antibody by autoradiography and hemolysis of antigen-coated erythrocytes. A comparison of methods.
incontinence episode frequency
(30 times)
Urology
(17 times)
SUI (20 times)
I-QOL (13 times)
PGI-I (5 times)
2003 Duloxetine versus placebo for the treatment of North American women with stress urinary incontinence.
isoelectric focusing electrophoresis
(23 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
SDS-PAGE (3 times)
HDL (2 times)
pI (2 times)
1984 Bohr effect, electron spin resonance spectroscopy and subunit dissociation of the hemoglobin components from the turtle Phrynops hilarii.
Ilizarov external fixator
(12 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
TSF (3 times)
AOFAS (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1996 Correction of persistent clubfoot deformities with the Ilizarov external fixator. Experience in 10 previously operated feet followed for 2-5 years.
internal electric field
(5 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
OVs (2 times)
DFT (1 time)
ETP (1 time)
2014 Synthesis and internal electric field dependent photoreactivity of Bi3O4Cl single-crystalline nanosheets with high {001} facet exposure percentages.
isoelectric focusing in polyacrylamide gel
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
BSA (2 times)
DCC (1 time)
EIA (1 time)
1983 Analysis of isoenzyme patterns of acid phosphatase in acute leukemias.
isoelectric point focusing
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
ESBL (1 time)
RAPD (1 time)
2002 Two-dimensional protein analysis by isoelectric focusing in a multi-cell plate system.
ileal endogenous flow
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
aa (2 times)
NFD (2 times)
DM (1 time)
2013 Ileal endogenous amino acid flow response to nitrogen-free diets with differing ratios of corn starch to dextrose in broiler chickens.
immune enhancing formulas
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CNTL (1 time)
GI (1 time)
1997 A prospective, randomized trial of early enteral feeding after resection of upper gastrointestinal malignancy.
10  impaired executive function
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
DM (1 time)
2008 Impact of impaired executive function on gait stability.
11  incidental extra-cardiac findings
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CMR (1 time)
EMH (1 time)
MIOT (1 time)
2015 Impact of extracardiac findings during cardiac MR on patient management and outcome.
12  induced electric field
(2 times)
Food Analysis
(1 time)
GG (1 time)
MW (1 time)
2016 Changes in crystal structure and physicochemical properties of potato starch treated by induced electric field.
13  induction equivalency factors
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EROD (2 times)
PAHs (2 times)
AhR (1 time)
1999 Potency of various polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons as inducers of CYP1A1 in rat hepatocyte cultures.
14  integral equation formalism
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
PCM (2 times)
EET (1 time)
TD (1 time)
2004 Excitation energy transfer (EET) between molecules in condensed matter: a novel application of the polarizable continuum model (PCM).
15  intermittent enteral feeding
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CEF (2 times)
VAP (1 time)
1996 Intermittent enteral feeding: the influence on respiratory and digestive tract colonization in mechanically ventilated intensive-care-unit patients.
16  interspecies extrapolation factor
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
OELs (1 time)
QRRE (1 time)
URT (1 time)
1992 A method for quantitative assessment of reproductive risks to the human male.
17  intrinsic tendency to self-aggregate during the first dimension
(2 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
--- 2006 Profiling of membrane proteins from human macrophages: comparison of two approaches.
18  isoelectric focusing of proteins
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CSF (1 time)
MS (1 time)
1989 Detection of oligoclonal IgG bands in unconcentrated CSF in multiple sclerosis and other neurological diseases by isoelectric focusing on ultrathin-layer polyacrylamide gel immunofixation and silver staining.
19  isoelectric focusing profiles
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GST (1 time)
MW (1 time)
pI (1 time)
1992 Gender related differences in the expression and characteristics of glutathione S-transferases of human colon.
20  isoelectrofocalisation
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
DBPCFC (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
Ig (1 time)
1989 [The HLA system in rheumatic practice: from structure to typing].
21  isoelectrofocusing of serum
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
alpha 1-AT (1 time)
EA (1 time)
EBNA (1 time)
1990 Molecular analysis of the heterogeneity among the P-family of alpha-1-antitrypsin alleles.
22  isoflavone enriched fraction
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
HP-beta-CD (1 time)
LDH (1 time)
2008 The phytoestrogenic isoflavones from Trifolium pratense L. (Red clover) protects human cortical neurons from glutamate toxicity.
23  denatured-isoelectric focusing
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CaPF (1 time)
ChPF (1 time)
DPF (1 time)
2009 [Characteristics of subunit types and isoelectric points in four pancreas ferritins by electrophoresis and mass spectrometry].
24  IEFs for the PFCs was as follows: PFOA
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
IEFs (1 time)
PFCAs (1 time)
PFCs (1 time)
2011 Transactivation potencies of the Baikal seal (Pusa sibirica) peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha by perfluoroalkyl carboxylates and sulfonates: estimation of PFOA induction equivalency factors.
25  Iglesia Evangelica Filadelfia
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2018 Drugs and Mental Health Problems among the Roma: Protective Factors Promoted by the Iglesia Evangelica Filadelfia.
26  iliac-enteric fistula
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 2011 Emergency endovascular "bridge" treatment for iliac-enteric fistula.
27  image enhancement factors
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
PEDRI (1 time)
2003 Proton electron double resonance imaging (PEDRI) of the isolated beating rat heart.
28  imaging electromagnetic flow metre
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2014 Measurement and control systems for an imaging electromagnetic flow metre.
29  immunoenhancing factor
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
PHA (1 time)
SAF (1 time)
1975 T cell products activating stem cells: further studies on the origin and action of the factor(s).
30  impaired EF
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
EF (1 time)
SEF (1 time)
2011 Impact of executive dysfunction on verbal memory performance in patients with Alzheimer's disease.
31  impulse enhancement function
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CTPA (1 time)
DFT (1 time)
PE (1 time)
2013 Individually optimized uniform contrast enhancement in CT angiography for the diagnosis of pulmonary thromboembolic disease--a simulation study.
32  index of environmental favourableness
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
SA10 (1 time)
2015 Spatial variation of eco-physiological parameters in the lichen Pseudevernia furfuracea transplanted in an area surrounding a cement plant (S Italy).
33  Index of Erectile Function
(1 time)
BDD (1 time)
2015 Sexual Functioning and Behavior of Men with Body Dysmorphic Disorder Concerning Penis Size Compared with Men Anxious about Penis Size and with Controls: A Cohort Study.
34  Industrial Epidemiology Forum
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
CIOMS (1 time)
IEA (1 time)
1994 Science, ethics guidelines, and advocacy in epidemiology.
35  infants affected by erythroblastosis foetalis
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 1975 Blood glucose and plasma insulin and glucagon response during intravenous glucose tolerance test in newborn infants affected by erythroblastosis foetalis.
36  inner ear blood flow
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
TEOAEs (1 time)
1998 Autoregulation of human inner ear blood flow during middle ear surgery with propofol or isoflurane anesthesia during controlled hypotension.
37  inner ear fluids
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1999 Toluene and styrene intoxication route in the rat cochlea.
38  inner electronic field
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PEC (1 time)
2018 Two-step electrodeposition to fabricate the p-n heterojunction of a Cu2O/BiVO4 photoanode for the enhancement of photoelectrochemical water splitting.
39  instantaneous effect factor
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ADTF (1 time)
tvMVAR (1 time)
VEP (1 time)
2014 Assessing dynamic spectral causality by lagged adaptive directed transfer function and instantaneous effect factor.
40  integral equation formulation
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
PCM (1 time)
QC (1 time)
2015 Wavelet formulation of the polarizable continuum model. II. Use of piecewise bilinear boundary elements.
41  Integral extremity function
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
OI (1 time)
1997 [Surgical methods in the treatment of complications of open brachial plexus injuries].
42  integrated environmental footprint
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2018 Rethinking environmental stress from the perspective of an integrated environmental footprint: Application in the Beijing industry sector.
43  integrated-equation-formalism-protocol
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PCMs (1 time)
2015 Applications of polarizable continuum models to determine accurate solution-phase thermochemical values across a broad range of cation charge - the case of U(III-VI).
44  interaction enhancement factor G
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2013 The contribution of nonlocal electro-opto-thermal interaction to single molecule nonlinear Raman enhancement.
45  interfascial
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
IAF (1 time)
2013 Histopathologic evaluation of neurovascular bundles and periprostatic tissue in interfascial and intrafascial nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy technique: a cadaveric anatomic study.
46  interfollicular epidermis
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
HDAC (1 time)
RA (1 time)
SE (1 time)
2017 The Co-Expression Pattern of p63 and HDAC1: A Potential Way to Disclose Stem Cells in Interfollicular Epidermis.
47  interictal EEG focus
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
DSC (1 time)
ExTE (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2002 Dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) MRI and interictal epileptiform activity in cryptogenic partial epilepsy.
48  interrupted expiratory flow
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
EEO (1 time)
PEEPi (1 time)
1998 Interrupted expiratory flow on automatically constructed flow-volume curves may determine the presence of intrinsic positive end-expiratory pressure during one-lung ventilation.
49  intra-epidermal fibres
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CHEPS (1 time)
QST (1 time)
2007 Use of the novel Contact Heat Evoked Potential Stimulator (CHEPS) for the assessment of small fibre neuropathy: correlations with skin flare responses and intra-epidermal nerve fibre counts.
50  intra-erythrocytic asexual form
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
RBC (1 time)
RESA (1 time)
1989 Age-related prevalence of antibody response against three different, defined Plasmodium falciparum antigens in children from the Haut-Ogooue province in Gabon.
51  intracardiac echogenic focus
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
DV (1 time)
2016 Utility of ductus venosus blood flow in the study of cardiac function in fetuses with intracardiac echogenic focus.
52  intracellular eutectic formation
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
IIF (1 time)
2004 Direct cell injury associated with eutectic crystallization during freezing.
53  Intraembryonic freezing
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 1996 Characterization of intraembryonic freezing in Anopheles gambiae embryos.
54  intrinsic emotion fluctuation
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
NA (1 time)
2017 Intrinsic Emotional Fluctuation in Daily Negative Affect across Adulthood.
55  Ion-exchange fiber
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BET (1 time)
ESD (1 time)
P4VP (1 time)
2006 Preparation of ion-exchange fiber fabrics by electrospray deposition.
56  Iowa Evaluation Form
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
GPAs (1 time)
MCAT (1 time)
2001 A structured interview for medical school admission, Phase 1: initial procedures and results.
57  irrelevant exposure with feedback
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
REF (1 time)
RENoF (1 time)
1997 Computer-delivered modeling of exposure for spider phobia: relevant versus irrelevant exposure.
58  isoelectric electric focusing
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
BCH (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
NBSL (1 time)
2011 An evaluation of the Sebia capillarys Neonat Haemoglobin FAST™ system for routine newborn screening for sickle cell disease.
59  isoelectric focusing analyses
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
--- 1991 [Clinical significance of erythrocyte ferritin].
60  isoelectric focusing experiment
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
HS (1 time)
SRS (1 time)
2015 Evidence for Hydroxamate Siderophores and Other N-Containing Organic Compounds Controlling (239,240)Pu Immobilization and Remobilization in a Wetland Sediment.
61  Isoelectric focusing techniques
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AHDs (1 time)
1985 Isoelectric focusing studies of aldehyde dehydrogenases from mouse tissues: variant phenotypes of liver, stomach and testis isozymes.
62  isoelectric focusing with affinity immunoblotting
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
HSVE (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
1992 The diagnostic significance of the polymerase chain reaction and isoelectric focusing in herpes simplex virus encephalitis.
63  isoelectric focusing/polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis
(1 time)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
CDG (1 time)
RIA (1 time)
2007 Screening and diagnosis of congenital disorders of glycosylation.
64  its level of staining
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
Ig (1 time)
1990 Proliferative Hairy Cell Leukaemia (HCL-v) Resistant to Alpha-Interferon: Clinical, Diagnostic and In-Vitro Cellular Characteristics.
65  OFFGEL-isoelectric focusing
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
FASP (1 time)
HSA (1 time)
2015 A shotgun approach for the identification of platinum-protein complexes.
66  programmes-isoelectric focusing
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
1998 Compound heterozygosity Hb S/Hb Hope (beta 136 Gly-->Asp): a pitfall in the newborn screening for sickle cell disease.