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Abbreviation: IER
Appearance Frequency: 179 time(s)
Long forms: 59

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
ion-exchange resin
(26 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
ACF (1 time)
BBWM (1 time)
BLT (1 time)
2001 Use of ion-exchange resins to prepare 100 microm-sized microcapsules with prolonged drug-release by the Wurster process.
intermittent energy restriction
(25 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(13 times)
CER (15 times)
ER (5 times)
BMI (4 times)
2012 Energy restriction and the prevention of breast cancer.
integrated exposure-response
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(13 times)
COPD (5 times)
IHD (4 times)
GBD (3 times)
2013 State and national household concentrations of PM2.5 from solid cookfuel use: results from measurements and modeling in India for estimation of the global burden of disease.
inferior extensor retinaculum
(13 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
ATFL (3 times)
CL (3 times)
ITCL (2 times)
2011 Long-term results after modified Brostrom procedure without calcaneofibular ligament reconstruction.
interproximal enamel reduction
(10 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
SEM (3 times)
CBCT (2 times)
CLSM (1 time)
2008 [The effect of different polishing methods on enamel after interproximal enamel reduction].
Ihara epileptic rat
(6 times)
Brain
(4 times)
Chr (1 time)
CSPGs (1 time)
EOG (1 time)
1999 Mossy fiber sprouting in the dentate gyrus in a newly developed epileptic mutant, Ihara epileptic rat.
Index of Economic Resources
(6 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
IEO (5 times)
SES (4 times)
IRSAD (3 times)
2002 Suicide differentials in Australian males and females by various measures of socio-economic status, 1994-98.
initial enhancement ratio
(6 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
DCE-MRI (3 times)
AUC (2 times)
DER (2 times)
2013 Differentiation of malignant and benign breast lesions using magnetization transfer imaging and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI.
immediate-early response
(4 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
HSC (1 time)
IER2 (1 time)
2009 Promiscuous and depolarization-induced immediate-early response genes are induced by mechanical strain of osteoblasts.
10  interpersonal emotion regulation
(4 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
IRQ (2 times)
2015 Becoming popular: interpersonal emotion regulation predicts relationship formation in real life social networks.
11  Institute for Eye Research
(3 times)
Optometry
(2 times)
VBR (2 times)
BR (1 time)
MC-D (1 time)
2011 Grading bulbar redness using cross-calibrated clinical grading scales.
12  Insufficient effort responding
(3 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
FTP (1 time)
2015 Insufficient effort responding: examining an insidious confound in survey data.
13  internal-external rotation
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
ACL (1 time)
AKL (1 time)
APT (1 time)
2012 Identifying multiplanar knee laxity profiles and associated physical characteristics.
14  ion exchange reactor
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
AMMS (1 time)
CL (1 time)
NWs (1 time)
2000 Enhanced conductometric detection of cyanide in suppressed ion chromatography.
15  isolated early responders
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
DR (2 times)
BM (1 time)
Dp (1 time)
1998 Changes in bone marrow inflammatory cell progenitors after inhaled allergen in asthmatic subjects.
16  inspiratory effective resistance
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
EER (2 times)
NMCA (2 times)
VAS (2 times)
2012 [Significance of acoustic rhinometry and rhinomanometry in the evaluation of submucous correction of nasal septum and submucous resection of inferior turbinate].
17  integrated exposure risk
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ALRIs (1 time)
APPCAP (1 time)
AQG (1 time)
2018 Estimating premature mortality attributable to PM2.5 exposure and benefit of air pollution control policies in China for 2020.
18  integrative emotion regulation
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
ED (1 time)
2017 Empathising with the enemy: emotion regulation and support for humanitarian aid in violent conflicts.
19  interference enhanced reflection
(2 times)
Occupational Medicine
(2 times)
VOC monitor (2 times)
GC (1 time)
PID (1 time)
2013 Characteristics of a real time monitor using the interference enhanced reflection method for organic vapors.
20  internal-external
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AKL (2 times)
GR (2 times)
GJL (1 time)
2011 Variations in varus/valgus and internal/external rotational knee laxity and stiffness across the menstrual cycle.
21  Drug-ion exchange resin
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BH (1 time)
2008 [Optimization of a novel mucoadhesive drug deliver system with ion-exchange resin core loaded with berberine hydrochloride using central composite design methodology].
22  I. obliquus-fermented embryo rice
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
MSG (1 time)
2012 Preparation of Chaga medicinal mushroom, Inonotus obliquus-fermented rice using solid-state fermentation and its taste quality and antioxidant property.
23  image-enhanced report
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
--- 2004 What is a picture worth? Digital imaging applications in autopsy reports.
24  IMF-based echogenicity ratio
(1 time)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
EMD (1 time)
IMFs (1 time)
RBCs (1 time)
2015 Discrimination between newly formed and aged thrombi using empirical mode decomposition of ultrasound B-scan image.
25  immediate early growth response
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
dbcAMP (1 time)
DER (1 time)
tPA (1 time)
1997 Induction of tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) and type-1 plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1) as early growth responses in rat hepatocytes in primary culture.
26  immediate endoscopic realignment
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
DT (1 time)
2008 Evaluation of immediate endoscopic realignment as a treatment modality for traumatic urethral injuries.
27  immobilized enzymatic reactor
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ADA (1 time)
CZE (1 time)
EMMA (1 time)
2011 Studies on the adenosine deaminase-catalyzed conversion of adenosine and nucleoside prodrugs by different capillary electrophoresis modes.
28  impaired energy regulation
(1 time)
BPs (1 time)
EFA (1 time)
MetS (1 time)
2010 Is impaired energy regulation the core of the metabolic syndrome in various ethnic groups of the USA and Taiwan?
29  implicit emotion regulation
(1 time)
Behavior
(1 time)
--- 2016 The Clock'N Test as a Possible Measure of Emotions: Normative Data Collected on a Non-clinical Population.
30  inadequate endometrial response
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
ERc (1 time)
LPD (1 time)
PRc (1 time)
1997 [Endocrine differences between patients with luteal phase deficiency and inadequate endometrial response].
31  index of respiratory events
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
AHI (1 time)
OSAS (1 time)
PSG (1 time)
2018 [Study about the prevalence of the obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome in Vietnam].
32  Industrial Emergency Response
(1 time)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
ATTs (1 time)
SGAM (1 time)
2003 Development and evaluation of an advanced training technology course within a union-based industrial emergency response training program.
33  inferior retinaculum
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
SER (1 time)
2007 Deep fascia on the dorsum of the ankle and foot: extensor retinacula revisited.
34  infraglomerular epithelial reflux
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1967 Infraglomerular Epithelial Reflux as a Postmortem Phenomenon in the Kidneys of Dog and Rat.
35  Infrared external reflection
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
SDS (1 time)
2005 Effects of concentration and temperature on SDS monolayers at the air-solution interface studied by infrared external reflection spectroscopy.
36  inhibitory to excitatory neuronal number ratio
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2012 Computational model of excitatory/inhibitory ratio imbalance role in attention deficit disorders.
37  injury registry
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
HE (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
IED (1 time)
2007 Ocular injuries in survivors of improvised explosive devices (IED) in commuter trains.
38  instantaneous elastic recovery
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
DR (1 time)
PS (1 time)
1990 Observations on the elastic behavior of a synthetic orthodontic elastomer.
39  Institute for Rural Economy
(1 time)
AfricaRice (1 time)
SLARI (1 time)
2019 A geospatial dataset of inland valleys in four zones in Benin, Sierra Leone and Mali.
40  insulin excretion rate
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CIT (1 time)
CSII (1 time)
1984 Urinary insulin excretion rate: an index of free insulinaemia in insulin-dependent diabetics.
41  insulin-EGF receptor kinase
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
EGF (1 time)
1992 Activation of insulin-epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor chimerae regulates EGF receptor binding affinity.
42  integrated edge detection and region growth
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
DI (1 time)
dMRI (1 time)
hGReS (1 time)
2014 Feasibility of automated pancreas segmentation based on dynamic MRI.
43  Integrated Exposure Regression
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
C-R (1 time)
SCHIF (1 time)
2018 Estimation of PM2.5 mortality burden in China with new exposure estimation and local concentration-response function.
44  inter-examiner reproducibility
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2017 Screening of hearing in elderly people: assessment of accuracy and reproducibility of the whispered voice test.
45  intermediate endoplasmic reticulum
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
1987 An optional dyadic junctional complex revealed by fast-freeze fixation in the bioluminescent system of the scale worm.
46  intermittent continuous energy
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
CER (1 time)
IGF (1 time)
2011 The effects of intermittent or continuous energy restriction on weight loss and metabolic disease risk markers: a randomized trial in young overweight women.
47  interproximal enamel
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2012 [Effect of different orthodontic interproximal reduction methods on the enamel].
48  intervention, evaluation, and revision
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 1997 Physicians prefer goal-oriented note format more than three to one over other outcome-focused documentation.
49  into three groups: the rabbits receiving erlotinib
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
Cmax (1 time)
2017 Pharmacokinetic drug-drug interaction between erlotinib and paracetamol: A potential risk for clinical practice.
50  Intra-examiner repeatability
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
PAR (2 times)
IEMA (1 time)
LOA (1 time)
2016 Comparison of validity, repeatability and reproducibility of the Peer Assessment Rating (PAR) between digital and conventional study models.
51  inward eutrophic remodelling
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
VFR (1 time)
2011 Significance of microvascular remodelling for the vascular flow reserve in hypertension.
52  ionisation efficiency ratio
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2004 The effect of N2O on the isotopic composition of air-CO2 samples.
53  iron-enriched rice
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
Hb (1 time)
IDA (1 time)
IPR (1 time)
2008 Efficacy of iron-fortified rice in reducing anemia among schoolchildren in the Philippines.
54  isoelectric region
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2010 The isoelectric region of proteins: a systematic analysis.
55  isometric external rotation
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CIs (1 time)
IIR (1 time)
JPS (1 time)
2020 Preseason Clinical Shoulder Test Results and Shoulder Injury Rate in Adolescent Elite Handball Players: A Prospective Study.
56  Italian Endovascular Registry
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
AUC-ROC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
LVO (1 time)
2019 IER-START nomogram for prediction of three-month unfavorable outcome after thrombectomy for stroke.
57  Item Exposure Rate
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
CAT (1 time)
HRQoL (1 time)
IRT (1 time)
2010 Validation of a computer-adaptive test to evaluate generic health-related quality of life.
58  item exposure rates
(1 time)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
CAT (1 time)
EWB (1 time)
IVI-CAT (1 time)
2020 Optimizing measurement of vision-related quality of life: a computerized adaptive test for the impact of vision impairment questionnaire (IVI-CAT).
59  iterative edge refinement
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
AirSAR (1 time)
ESAR (1 time)
PolSAR (1 time)
2016 A Fast Superpixel Segmentation Algorithm for PolSAR Images Based on Edge Refinement and Revised Wishart Distance.