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Abbreviation: IF
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
immunofluorescence
(1860 times)
Virology
(183 times)
IHC (120 times)
ELISA (104 times)
EM (69 times)
1968 Quantitative studies of immunofluorescent staining. Relationships of characteristics of unabsorbed antihuman IgG conjugates to their specific and non-specific staining properties in an indirect test for antinuclear factors.
intermediate filament
(955 times)
Cell Biology
(335 times)
GFAP (90 times)
MT (28 times)
NF (21 times)
1978 The intermediate-sized filaments in rat kangaroo PtK2 cells. I. Morphology in situ.
impact factor
(290 times)
Medicine
(62 times)
JCR (25 times)
ML (16 times)
SCI (15 times)
1992 [An analysis of Spanish biomedical journals by the impact factor].
intestinal failure
(203 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(79 times)
PN (85 times)
SBS (31 times)
HPN (26 times)
2000 Intestinal failure.
intrinsic factor
(179 times)
Gastroenterology
(42 times)
Cbl (27 times)
TCII (14 times)
HC (12 times)
1965 RAPID CHARCOAL ASSAY FOR INTRINSIC FACTOR (IF), GASTRIC JUICE UNSATURATED B12 BINDING CAPACITY, ANTIBODY TO IF, AND SERUM UNSATURATED B12 BINDING CAPACITY.
interferon
(176 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(60 times)
NK (23 times)
NDV (7 times)
Con A (6 times)
1970 Protective effect of a synthetic polynucleotide complex (poly I: C) on ocular lesions produced by trachoma agent in rabbits.
interstitial fluid
(124 times)
Endocrinology
(27 times)
hCG (13 times)
EDS (7 times)
TE (6 times)
1978 Comparative distribution of gentamicin, tobramycin, sisomicin, netilmicin, and amikacin in interstitial fluid in rabbits.
ifosfamide
(96 times)
Neoplasms
(27 times)
CP (44 times)
5-FU (7 times)
CAA (6 times)
1975 [Demonstration of tumor inhibiting properties of a strongly immunostimulating low-molecular weight substance. Comparative studies with ifosfamide on the immuno-labile DS carcinosarcoma. Stimulation of the autoimmune activity for approx. 20 days by BA 1, a N-(2-cyanoethylene)-urea. Novel prophylactic possibilities].
immunofluorescence assay
(96 times)
Microbiology
(15 times)
ELISA (7 times)
PCR (7 times)
PA (6 times)
1975 [Use of peroxidase markers in the research and diagnosis of paludism].
10  interstitial fibrosis
(88 times)
Transplantation
(36 times)
TA (18 times)
CAN (9 times)
GS (9 times)
1983 Physiologic or pathologic hypertrophy.
11  intermediate frequency
(78 times)
Biophysics
(35 times)
RF (18 times)
LO (10 times)
ELF (7 times)
1988 A low-loss SAW-TV-IF filter with an extended impedance matching range.
12  intermittent fasting
(77 times)
Geriatrics
(17 times)
CR (22 times)
AL (10 times)
IGF-1 (4 times)
2000 A comparison of continuous infusion and intermittent flushing methods in peripheral intravenous catheters in neonates.
13  inhibitory factor
(60 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
AUC (4 times)
EDRF (4 times)
BRP (3 times)
1975 Protein synthesis in rabbit reticulocytes. A study of Met-tRNA f Met binding factor(s) and Met-tRNA f Met binding to ribosomes and AUG codon.
14  integrate-and-fire
(53 times)
Medical Informatics
(18 times)
HH (8 times)
ISI (6 times)
ISIs (3 times)
1999 Mode locking and Arnold tongues in integrate-and-fire neural oscillators.
15  internal fixation
(52 times)
Orthopedics
(24 times)
HA (13 times)
EF (6 times)
THA (6 times)
1991 Physeal remodeling after internal fixation of slipped capital femoral epiphyses.
16  involved field
(52 times)
Neoplasms
(44 times)
EF (21 times)
RT (16 times)
HL (11 times)
1978 Treatment of advanced Hodgkin's disease in pediatric patients.
17  infant formula
(41 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(13 times)
BC (5 times)
NEC (5 times)
HM (4 times)
1990 Iron retention from lactoferrin-supplemented formulas in infant rhesus monkeys.
18  instantaneous frequency
(39 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(13 times)
IE (6 times)
WT (5 times)
AM-FM (4 times)
1988 In vitro estimation and imaging of attenuation coefficients and instantaneous frequency for breast tissue characterization.
19  imprinting factor
(37 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(16 times)
MIP (8 times)
MIPs (6 times)
NIP (5 times)
2005 Quantitative prediction of imprinting factor of molecularly imprinted polymers by artificial neural network.
20  incidental findings
(35 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
MRI (8 times)
CT (3 times)
aCGH (2 times)
2008 Empirical analysis of current approaches to incidental findings.
21  immunofluorescence microscopy
(34 times)
Pathology
(5 times)
EM (4 times)
Ig (3 times)
SEM (3 times)
1981 The pathology of primary IgA glomerulonephritis--a renal biopsy study.
22  isoflavones
(30 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(11 times)
BMD (3 times)
SH (3 times)
ER (2 times)
2000 Effects of isoflavone supplement on healthy women.
23  factor I
(28 times)
Nephrology
(8 times)
MCP (12 times)
CFH (8 times)
aHUS (6 times)
1987 Simultaneous phenotyping of genetic markers for paternity testing.
24  immunofluorescence staining
(25 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
WB (5 times)
IP (2 times)
RT-PCR (2 times)
1977 Detection of Epstein-Barr virus early antigen-D and its antibodies by passive hemagglutination.
25  immunofixation
(22 times)
Laboratory Techniques and Procedures
(4 times)
MM (5 times)
CR (3 times)
CSF (3 times)
1981 Immunofixation as an adjunct to immunoelectrophoresis in characterization of serum monoclonal immunoglobulins.
26  intromission frequency
(22 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
EL (18 times)
MF (18 times)
IL (17 times)
1989 A component analysis of the effects of DPAT on male rat sexual behavior.
27  isoelectric focusing
(22 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
CSF (5 times)
CNS (3 times)
EIA (3 times)
1975 Charge properties of human pituitary and amniotic fluid prolactins.
28  interfascicular
(20 times)
Pathology
(4 times)
PN (4 times)
SNc (3 times)
VTA (3 times)
1980 Distribution of striatal afferents from the mesencephalon in the cat.
29  invasive front
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
TC (6 times)
CRC (3 times)
EMT (2 times)
2002 Relationships between tumor-associated macrophages and clinicopathological factors in patients with colorectal cancer.
30  input function
(17 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(6 times)
PET (10 times)
ICA (3 times)
TACs (3 times)
1997 Evaluation of two population-based input functions for quantitative neurological FDG PET studies.
31  implantation failure
(14 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(8 times)
IVF (4 times)
IVF-ET (2 times)
RM (2 times)
1999 Coculture of human embryos with autologous human endometrial epithelial cells in patients with implantation failure.
32  insoluble fractions
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
BC (9 times)
TCA (3 times)
MTLP (2 times)
1996 Evaluation of 99mtechnetium-radiopharmaceutical binding to blood elements using different trichloroacetic acid concentrations.
33  insufficiency fractures
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
CT (4 times)
MRI (3 times)
CS (1 time)
1992 Radiological vignette. Insufficiency fracture of the acetabulum.
34  induction failure
(11 times)
Hematology
(6 times)
AML (3 times)
ASCT (3 times)
HD (3 times)
1995 High-dose cyclophosphamide, carmustine (BCNU), and etoposide (VP16-213) with or without cisplatin (CBV +/- P) and autologous transplantation for patients with Hodgkin's disease who fail to enter a complete remission after combination chemotherapy.
35  immediate function
(10 times)
Transplantation
(9 times)
DGF (4 times)
IPF (3 times)
PDF (3 times)
1993 Risk factors for primary dysfunction after liver transplantation--a multivariate analysis.
36  image fusion
(9 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
CA (2 times)
CTA (2 times)
EVAR (2 times)
1995 [A new concept in imaging pelvic recurrence of curatively operated rectal carcinoma--image fusion of nuclear magnetic resonance tomography and anti-CEA immunoscintigraphy (SPECT): technique and clinical example].
37  insoluble fiber
(9 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
SF (5 times)
DM (2 times)
DMD (2 times)
1991 Effects of dietary fiber supplementation on glycemic control in dogs with alloxan-induced diabetes mellitus.
38  internal focus
(9 times)
Physical Medicine
(3 times)
EF (9 times)
ACL (3 times)
CTRL (1 time)
2014 Attentional focus of feedback for improving performance of reach-to-grasp after stroke: a randomised crossover study.
39  iliofemoral
(8 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
IVC (3 times)
TAVR (3 times)
F-F (2 times)
1988 Aortobifemoral bypass: the operation of choice for unilateral iliac occlusion?
40  iliofibularis
(8 times)
Biology
(3 times)
FG (2 times)
FOG (2 times)
alphaGPDH (1 time)
1980 Histochemical, enzymatic, and contractile properties of skeletal muscle fibers in the lizard Dipsosaurus dorsalis.
41  indeterminate form
(8 times)
Tropical Medicine
(3 times)
CD (2 times)
CF (2 times)
IL-6 (2 times)
2002 Minor segmental dyssynergy reflects extensive myocardial damage and global left ventricle dysfunction in chronic Chagas disease.
42  intact female
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
CM (3 times)
ICa (2 times)
IM (2 times)
1996 Effect of a single injection of a long-acting gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist on prepubertal male and female pigs on reproductive organs, growth performance and sensory qualities of pork roasts.
43  interfacial
(8 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
PSM (2 times)
AQ (1 time)
dA (1 time)
1989 Covalent binding of inhaled formaldehyde to DNA in the nasal mucosa of Fischer 344 rats: analysis of formaldehyde and DNA by high-performance liquid chromatography and provisional pharmacokinetic interpretation.
44  inward-facing
(8 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
OF (8 times)
NBDs (4 times)
ABC (3 times)
2010 Modeling and dynamics of the inward-facing state of a Na+/Cl- dependent neurotransmitter transporter homologue.
45  isoflurane
(8 times)
Anesthesiology
(3 times)
KX (2 times)
MF (2 times)
PB (2 times)
1985 Halothane and isoflurane do not decrease PaO2 during one-lung ventilation in intravenously anesthetized patients.
46  Imbert-Fedorov
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
GH (5 times)
OAM (1 time)
SPR (1 time)
2011 Goos-Hanchen and Imbert-Fedorov shifts of a nondiffracting Bessel beam.
47  immunological failure
(7 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(3 times)
VF (4 times)
ART (3 times)
HAART (3 times)
1984 The variation among transplant center results in the United Kingdom and Ireland from 1977 to 1981.
48  indigestible fraction
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
SCFA (2 times)
AM-L (1 time)
AOX (1 time)
2000 In vitro determination of the indigestible fraction in foods: an alternative to dietary fiber analysis.
49  induced fit
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
CS (7 times)
ABF (1 time)
aMD (1 time)
2008 Conformer selection and induced fit in flexible backbone protein-protein docking using computational and NMR ensembles.
50  inferior frontal
(7 times)
Brain
(2 times)
AI (1 time)
AMY (1 time)
dmPFC (1 time)
2000 Functional differentiation in the human auditory and language areas revealed by a dichotic listening task.
51  infiltrate
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CT (3 times)
SN (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1989 Phenotypic dynamics of macrophage subpopulations during human experimental gingivitis.
52  inspiratory fraction
(7 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
COPD (2 times)
IMT (2 times)
CA (1 time)
1985 [Features of the temporal structure of the respiratory cycle in the Tourette syndrome as a possible reflection of intensified dopaminergic processes].
53  intercellular fluid
(7 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
AO (1 time)
AP (1 time)
IB (1 time)
1987 IgE in atopic dermatitis: a study of the intercellular fluid.
54  interferential
(7 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
MMC (2 times)
TENS (2 times)
DSD (1 time)
2008 Evaluating the benefits of patterned stimulation in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee: a multi-center, randomized, single-blind, controlled study with an independent masked evaluator.
55  interfibrillar
(7 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
SS (6 times)
RCI (2 times)
AS (1 time)
1985 Experimental myocardial ischemia. Differential injury of mitochondrial subpopulations.
56  intermediate filament proteins
(7 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
Ab (1 time)
DES (1 time)
GFA (1 time)
1987 Cytoplasmic intermediate filament proteins and the nuclear lamins A, B and C share the IFA epitope.
57  intrinsic fluorescence
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
CD (3 times)
DSC (2 times)
GuHCl (2 times)
2001 Characterization of soluble amaranth and soybean proteins based on fluorescence, hydrophobicity, electrophoresis, amino Acid analysis, circular dichroism, and differential scanning calorimetry measurements.
58  iodine fortification
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
ID (5 times)
CI (2 times)
DAGS (1 time)
2006 Increase in incidence of hyperthyroidism predominantly occurs in young people after iodine fortification of salt in Denmark.
59  infantile fibrosarcoma
(6 times)
Pediatrics
(6 times)
AD (1 time)
CIFS (1 time)
COIM (1 time)
1993 Chemotherapy in the management of infantile fibrosarcoma.
60  inflammation
(6 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
hs-CRP (3 times)
DYS (2 times)
IL-6 (2 times)
1997 An evaluation of the role of nuclear cytoplasmic ratios and nuclear volume densities as diagnostic indicators in metaplastic, dysplastic and neoplastic lesions of the human cheek.
61  inflammation index
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
LVC (5 times)
5'-NA-ALP (2 times)
VEGF-C (2 times)
2009 The expression of vascular endothelial growth factor C in transplanted corneas.
62  infraspinatus
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
SS (3 times)
SV (3 times)
TB (3 times)
1993 Influence of repeated restraint and isolation stress and electrolyte administration on carcass quality and muscle electrolyte content of sheep.
63  Inorganic fullerene-like
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
APCVD (1 time)
DFTB (1 time)
MD (1 time)
2004 Atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition: an alternative route to large-scale MoS2 and WS2 inorganic fullerene-like nanostructures and nanoflowers.
64  insert-in-flap
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
FKBP (3 times)
PPIase (3 times)
HydA (1 time)
2009 Consequences of domain insertion on the stability and folding mechanism of a protein.
65  intrafemoral
(6 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
HSC (3 times)
MSC (2 times)
ADT (1 time)
1977 Cardiovascular effects of synthetic substance P in several species.
66  iodoform
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
IAA (5 times)
DBPs (3 times)
GC-ECD (2 times)
2012 [Investigation on the levels of carbon-, nitrogen-, iodine-containing disinfection by-products in a water plant in Jiangsu province, China].
67  Isofraxidin
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
ALI (1 time)
BALF (1 time)
CCK-8 (1 time)
2012 Isofraxidin exhibited anti-inflammatory effects in vivo and inhibited TNF-alpha production in LPS-induced mouse peritoneal macrophages in vitro via the MAPK pathway.
68  indentation fracture
(5 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
IS (3 times)
EV (1 time)
LA (1 time)
1998 Comparison of three fracture toughness testing techniques using a dental glass and a dental ceramic.
69  index finger
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
BOLD (1 time)
GT (1 time)
IR (1 time)
1990 Vibratory perception threshold in diabetic neuropathy.
70  inflammatory fluid
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
LDL (5 times)
MPM (2 times)
apo (1 time)
1984 Effect of cholesterol feeding on lipoprotein distribution in interstitial inflammatory fluid of the rabbit.
71  initial frequency
(5 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
PF (3 times)
SCh (3 times)
SI (3 times)
1992 The classification of afferents from muscle spindles of the jaw-closing muscles of the cat.
72  intra-abdominal fat
(5 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
CHD (2 times)
SF (2 times)
ASF (1 time)
2002 Effects of obesity phenotype on coronary heart disease risk factors in response to weight loss.
73  intramedullary fixation
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
PF (4 times)
CNKI (1 time)
DASH (1 time)
2011 [Comparative study of intertrochanteric fractures treated with proximal femur locking compress plate in aged].
74  intrinsic frequency
(5 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2000 Entrainment of segmental small intestinal slow waves with electrical stimulation in dogs.
75  Invasive fusariosis
(5 times)
Communicable Diseases
(4 times)
HR (2 times)
AML (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2013 Molecular analyses of Fusarium isolates recovered from a cluster of invasive mold infections in a Brazilian hospital.
76  iron formation
(5 times)
Biology
(4 times)
BIFs (1 time)
CIF (1 time)
GIF (1 time)
2015 Atmospheric hydrogen peroxide and Eoarchean iron formations.
77  isometric force
(5 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
ASM (2 times)
CMJ (1 time)
EE (1 time)
1982 Potentiation of Na+-electrogenic pump of airway smooth muscle by sensitization.
78  isotropic fractionator
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CNS (1 time)
KA (1 time)
QA (1 time)
2012 Use of flow cytometry for high-throughput cell population estimates in brain tissue.
79  gamma-interferon
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CE (1 time)
HFRS (1 time)
HSV (1 time)
1989 The influence of antithyroid drugs and iodine on thyroid cell MHC class II antigen expression.
80  Ile de France
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
GIN (3 times)
SI (2 times)
FECs (1 time)
1990 [Father-male offspring transmission of seasonal variations in testicular diameter and percentage of abnormal sperm in the Ile-de-France ram. 1. Male offspring born in February].
81  image-forming
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
NIF (4 times)
ACs (1 time)
INL (1 time)
2004 The chronosense -- what light tells man about biological time.
82  immunofunctional
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
GH (4 times)
IR (2 times)
ApEn (1 time)
2000 Immunofunctional vs immunoreactive growth hormone responses after resistance exercise in men and women.
83  in-field
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
RT (2 times)
AE (1 time)
anti-PD-L1 (1 time)
2001 Intraoperative electron beam radiotherapy during radical surgery for locally advanced and recurrent cervical cancer.
84  index of fecundity
(4 times)
Zoology
(2 times)
AI (2 times)
2001 Efficacy of a single whole-body spray treatment of spinosad, against Boophilus microplus (Acari: Ixodidae) on cattle.
85  inorganic fertilizer
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AR (1 time)
ARG (1 time)
BC (1 time)
2008 Influence of compost amendment on pyrene availability from artificially spiked soil to two subspecies of Cucurbita pepo.
86  intensity fading
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
CaM (1 time)
DHAP (1 time)
IF-MALDI-MS (1 time)
2008 Study of papain-cystatin interaction by intensity fading MALDI-TOF-MS.
87  interaction frequency
(4 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
AUDPC (1 time)
CCSs (1 time)
2003 Effect of antisperm antibodies present in human follicular fluid upon the acrosome reaction and sperm-zona pellucida interaction.
88  interface
(4 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
fBIC (1 time)
MQW (1 time)
QD (1 time)
2001 Influence of the size of the microgap on crestal bone changes around titanium implants. A histometric evaluation of unloaded non-submerged implants in the canine mandible.
89  interfrontal
(4 times)
Anatomy
(3 times)
Acc (1 time)
ACZM (1 time)
BUDR (1 time)
1993 Additional endpoints and overview of a mouse skeletal variant assay for detecting exposure to teratogens.
90  intraoperative fluoroscopy
(4 times)
Aging
(1 time)
CVP (2 times)
CXR (2 times)
ECT (1 time)
2016 Electrochemotherapy guided by intraoperative fluorescence imaging for the treatment of inoperable peritoneal micro-metastases.
91  intrathecal fluorescein
(4 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
CSF (4 times)
HRCT (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2008 Utility of preoperative high-resolution CT and intraoperative image guidance in identification of cerebrospinal fluid leaks for endoscopic repair.
92  irritation fibroma
(4 times)
Tooth Diseases
(2 times)
PGCG (3 times)
MCs (2 times)
POF (2 times)
2010 Comparison of mast cells count in oral reactive lesions.
93  ischiofemoral
(4 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
QF (4 times)
IFI (1 time)
THA (1 time)
2013 Quantitative assessment of the ischiofemoral space and evidence of degenerative changes in the quadratus femoris muscle.
94  alpha-interferon
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
IL-2 (2 times)
NK (2 times)
LGL (1 time)
1983 Differential effects of interferon on ventromedial hypothalamus and dorsal hippocampus.
95  double-immunofluorescence
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ANXA8 (1 time)
APNG (1 time)
GBMs (1 time)
2015 Annexin A8 identifies a subpopulation of transiently quiescent c-kit positive luminal progenitor cells of the ductal mammary epithelium.
96  I factor
(3 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
HSA4 (1 time)
IGJ (1 time)
IL-2 (1 time)
1994 Germ-line expression of a functional LINE from Drosophila melanogaster: fine characterization allows for potential investigations of trans-regulators.
97  Ictal fear
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
IGE (1 time)
MRS (1 time)
TLE (1 time)
2001 Ictal fear in temporal lobe epilepsy: surgical outcome and focal hippocampal changes revealed by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy imaging.
98  Iliofiburalis
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
GN (3 times)
FOG (1 time)
GP (1 time)
2010 Colour, lipid and protein stability of Rhea americana meat during air- and vacuum-packaged storage: influence of muscle on oxidative processes.
99  implementation fidelity
(3 times)
Review Literature as Topic
(1 time)
ACT (1 time)
CRTs (1 time)
DSM (1 time)
2014 Assessment of implementation fidelity in diabetes self-management education programs: a systematic review.
100  in-frame
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
--- 2003 Antibody repertoire development in fetal and neonatal piglets. VI. B cell lymphogenesis occurs at multiple sites with differences in the frequency of in-frame rearrangements.