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Abbreviation: IFA
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
immunofluorescence assay
(1359 times)
Microbiology
(218 times)
ELISA (213 times)
PCR (103 times)
mAbs (60 times)
1979 Rapid diagnosis of Bacteroides infections by indirect immunofluorescence assay of clinical specimens.
indirect fluorescent antibody
(577 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(174 times)
ELISA (92 times)
CF (29 times)
PCR (29 times)
1967 Indirect fluorescent antibody tests for parasitic diseases. IV. Statistical study of variation in the indirect fluorescent antibody (IFA) test for toxoplasmosis.
immunofluorescent antibody
(401 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(114 times)
ELISA (70 times)
PCR (31 times)
HFRS (16 times)
1976 Diagnosis of herpes simplex virus infection by immunofluorescence.
incomplete Freund's adjuvant
(316 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(161 times)
CFA (86 times)
EAE (35 times)
IFN-gamma (16 times)
1971 Cutaneous basophil (Jones-Mote) hypersensitivity after "tolerogenic" doses of intravenous ovalbumin in the guinea pig.
iron and folic acid
(108 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(47 times)
MMN (20 times)
ANC (15 times)
FA (8 times)
1999 Study of impact of nutrition & health day strategy on the coverage rates of supplementary nutrition and health interventions among the ICDS beneficiaries in a rural block of Madhya Pradesh.
imported fire ant
(32 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(26 times)
WBE (11 times)
RIT (4 times)
IFAV (3 times)
1981 Treatment of local skin response to imported fire ant sting.
immunofluorescence analysis
(28 times)
Virology
(5 times)
ELISA (4 times)
mAbs (3 times)
RT-PCR (3 times)
1991 Identification and characterization of a plaque forming avian rotavirus isolated from a wild bird in Japan.
idiopathic fibrosing alveolitis
(21 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(7 times)
EAA (7 times)
ILD (3 times)
BAC (2 times)
1978 [Idiopathic fibrosing alveolitis (IFA)--clinical characteristics, cardiopulmonary functions, and therapeutic methods].
ifosfamide
(18 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
CPA (12 times)
GDEPT (3 times)
CYP (2 times)
1996 Sensitization of human breast cancer cells to cyclophosphamide and ifosfamide by transfer of a liver cytochrome P450 gene.
10  isoferulic acid
(15 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
FA (8 times)
CA (7 times)
AGEs (3 times)
1983 [Biliary excretion of choleretically active cinnamic acid derivatives in the rat].
11  iris fluorescein angiography
(12 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
IICGV (4 times)
PXS (3 times)
IICGA (2 times)
1978 Iris fluorescein angiography in diabetic vitrectomy patients.
12  intrinsic factor antibodies
(10 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
PCA (6 times)
PA (3 times)
AIG (1 time)
1975 Effect of prolonged administration of homologous and heterologous intrinsic factor antibodies on the parietal and peptic cell masses and the secretory function of the rat gastric mucosa.
13  immunofunctional assay
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
GH (4 times)
hGH (2 times)
ESTA (1 time)
1997 New growth hormone assays: potential benefits.
14  inferior facial angle
(6 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
BPD (2 times)
FMA (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
2011 Fetal micrognathia: objective assessment and associated anomalies on prenatal sonogram.
15  incineration fly ash
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
MSW (2 times)
BA (1 time)
MFA (1 time)
2002 In vitro effects of incinerator fly ash on pulmonary macrophages and epithelial cells.
16  interfrontal angle
(5 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
CT (2 times)
FOA (1 time)
2012 Interfrontal angle for characterization of trigonocephaly: part 1: development and validation of a tool for diagnosis of metopic synostosis.
17  iron-folate
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
Ca (1 time)
EPDS (1 time)
Hb (1 time)
2000 Reaching young Indonesian women through marriage registries: an innovative approach for anemia control.
18  immunofluorescence staining
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ANA (1 time)
DHF (1 time)
DSS (1 time)
1995 Transformation of primary cultures of shrimp (Penaeus stylirostris) lymphoid (Oka) organ with Simian virus-40 (T) antigen.
19  intermediate filament antibody
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
GVD (1 time)
GVM (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
1990 Histopathology of melanocytic lesions in goats and establishment of a melanoma cell line: a potential model for human melanoma.
20  iron and folic acid capsule
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
MMN (2 times)
CMI (1 time)
HMOs (1 time)
2012 Prenatal micronutrient supplements cumulatively increase fetal growth.
21  iron and folic acid supplement
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
ANC (2 times)
CI (1 time)
HAZ (1 time)
2012 Impact of prenatal multiple micronutrients on survival and growth during infancy: a randomized controlled trial.
22  item factor analysis
(4 times)
Psychometrics
(2 times)
ML (1 time)
2007 Item factor analysis: current approaches and future directions.
23  immunofluorescence microscopy assay
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
CSCs (1 time)
EMT (1 time)
FAK (1 time)
1993 Coxiella (Q fever)-associated myelopathy.
24  increased femoral anteversion
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
ITT (2 times)
COR (1 time)
CP (1 time)
1994 Normal and abnormal torsional development in children.
25  instructions for authors
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
MMJ (2 times)
VANNOR (2 times)
IF (1 time)
1995 [Comparison of instructions to authors of Mexican medical journals and the Vancouver requirements].
26  internal focus of attention
(3 times)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
EFA (3 times)
AF (1 time)
2013 Attentional focus of feedback and instructions in the treatment of musculoskeletal dysfunction: a systematic review.
27  IF assay
(2 times)
Virology
(2 times)
EBV (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
IF (1 time)
2000 Comparison of three non-nested RT-PCR for the detection of influenza A viruses.
28  IgE-mediated food allergy
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
FPs (1 time)
NFA (1 time)
SOTI (1 time)
2012 Non-IgE mediated food allergy - update of recent progress in mucosal immunity.
29  immunofermental analysis
(2 times)
Military Medicine
(2 times)
--- 1991 [The immunological diagnosis of tuberculosis].
30  immunofluorescent staining
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
BHK (1 time)
CC (1 time)
CMV (1 time)
1988 Rapid detection of cytomegalovirus in clinical specimens by immunofluorescent staining of shell vial cultures.
31  immunoinfluscent assay
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
EGFP (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
HBM (1 time)
2018 Development and application of an indirect ELISA for the detection of antibodies to porcine epidemic diarrhea virus based on a recombinant spike protein.
32  independent factor analysis
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
DSC (1 time)
DSC-MR (1 time)
EM (1 time)
1999 Independent factor analysis.
33  index finger abductors
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
EE (1 time)
EF (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
2013 Age-related decline in the rate of force development scaling factor.
34  influenza A
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
AdV (1 time)
CoV (1 time)
EV (1 time)
2012 Seasonal variations of 15 respiratory agents illustrated by the application of a multiplex polymerase chain reaction assay.
35  influenza virus A
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
AdV (2 times)
RSV (2 times)
EV (1 time)
2008 Multiplex real-time PCR for detection of respiratory tract infections.
36  inspiratory flow assistance
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
--- 1984 [A new weaning procedure (inspiratory flow assistance)].
37  integrated force array
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
MEMS (1 time)
OCT (1 time)
2000 Intracardiac ultrasound scanner using a micromachine (MEMS) actuator.
38  Intellectual Function Assessment
(2 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
IHA (2 times)
CVA (1 time)
IFT (1 time)
1988 The effectiveness of training intellectual functions in adults with acquired brain damage. An evaluation of occupational therapy methods.
39  intensity filtered average
(2 times)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
EAV (1 time)
PAC (1 time)
TAMP (1 time)
1992 Computer algorithms to characterize individual subject EMG profiles during gait.
40  International Fertilizer Association
(2 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
DAP (1 time)
MAP (1 time)
1998 [40 years Austrian Society for the Study of Sterility and Fertility].
41  intra-operative fluorescence angiography
(2 times)
Vascular Surgical Procedures
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
APVs (1 time)
ICG (1 time)
2018 Improving Outcomes for Lower Extremity Amputations Using Intraoperative Fluorescent Angiography to Predict Flap Viability.
42  Intracranial fusiform aneurysm
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CCA (1 time)
2018 A comparative CFD analysis of common carotid fusiform aneurysm in canine models and vertebrobasilar fusiform aneurysm in human patients.
43  Intraperitoneal free air
(2 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
PCI (1 time)
2011 Surgeon-performed sonographic findings in a traumatic trans-anal rectal perforation.
44  intrinsic friction analysis
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
HOPG (1 time)
NLO (1 time)
SFM (1 time)
2009 Intrinsic friction analysis--novel nanoscopic access to molecular mobility in constrained organic systems.
45  inverted-F antenna
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
CRO-SL (1 time)
GSM (1 time)
ISM (1 time)
2013 Effect of SAR on human head modeling inside cylindrical enclosures.
46  iodo-fatty acid
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
AFA (1 time)
AFM (1 time)
DO (1 time)
1985 Do iodinated fatty acids undergo a nonspecific deiodination in the myocardium?
47  ANA-IF assay
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ANA (1 time)
IF (1 time)
2002 Performance characteristics of the PolyTiter Immunofluorescent Titration system for determination of antinuclear antibody endpoint dilution.
48  anti-intermediate filament
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
FAM (1 time)
MoAb (1 time)
1993 Identification of a vimentin-like function associated molecule (FAM) on rat NK cells: evidence for receptor function.
49  antigen-incomplete Freund's adjuvant
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
E. coli (1 time)
2003 Antigen entrapped in the escheriosomes leads to the generation of CD4(+) helper and CD8(+) cytotoxic T cell response.
50  daily Fe and folic acid
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
LC (1 time)
2010 Leaf concentrate as an alternative to iron and folic acid supplements for anaemic adolescent girls: a randomised controlled trial in India.
51  DGUV-IFA-Spaltenmodell
(1 time)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
CB (1 time)
EMKG (1 time)
EU CLP (1 time)
2016 On the Strength and Validity of Hazard Banding.
52  fear is activated
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
EPT (1 time)
WSH (1 time)
2010 Does habituation matter? Emotional processing theory and exposure therapy for acrophobia.
53  ice-forming activity
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
PFC (1 time)
2006 [Effect of perfluorodecalin, carbogal, and perfluoromethyldecalin on growth and ice-forming activity of bacteria].
54  ictal fast activity
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AFAs (1 time)
WS (1 time)
2011 Abnormal fast activity before the onset of West syndrome.
55  identification was achieved by indirect immunofluorescence
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
CMV (1 time)
EM (1 time)
IIP (1 time)
1976 The immunoperoxidase technique for rapid human cytomegalovirus identification.
56  identified by serological
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
CPE (1 time)
JEV (1 time)
2008 [Isolation and identification of Japanese encephalitis virus from mosquitoes in Zhejiang province].
57  idiopathic FA
(1 time)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
EAA (1 time)
FA (1 time)
FA-DDCT (1 time)
2004 [Markers of thrombophilia in pulmonary fibrosis complicated by pulmonary hypertension].
58  IF area
(1 time)
Anthropology
(1 time)
FFM (1 time)
FM (1 time)
REE (1 time)
2003 Relationships of resting energy expenditure with body fat distribution and abdominal fatness in Japanese population.
59  IgG and IgM by indirect immunofluorescence tests
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
--- 2004 Antibody responses against SARS-coronavirus and its nucleocaspid in SARS patients.
60  IgG antibodies by indirect immunofluorescence
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2004 The Bartonella henselae sucB gene encodes a dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase protein reactive with sera from patients with cat-scratch disease.
61  IgG antibodies did not increase sensitivity of indirect immunofluorescence
(1 time)
Laboratory Animal Science
(1 time)
PVM (1 time)
SeV (1 time)
2012 Hygienic monitoring of Mongolian gerbils: which mouse viruses should be included?
62  IgM antibody positive were subsequently confirmatory tested by an immunofluorescence
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
2012 Presence of antibodies against Coxiella burnetii and risk of spontaneous abortion: a nested case-control study.
63  ileum, and cecum were examined by immunofluorescence
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Blastocystis tropism in the pig intestine.
64  iliofemoral artery
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
CRFs (1 time)
2013 Determinants of extraaortic arterial 18F-FDG accumulation in asymptomatic cohorts: sex differences in the association with cardiovascular risk factors and coronary artery stenosis.
65  illegal firearm availability
(1 time)
Social Sciences
(1 time)
DFV (1 time)
NFV (1 time)
2017 Illegal Firearm Availability and Violence: Neighborhood-Level Analysis.
66  imaged flow area
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
PRF (1 time)
1989 Two-dimensional color Doppler estimation of the severity of atrioventricular valve regurgitation: important effects of instrument gain setting, pulse repetition frequency, and carrier frequency.
67  Immune Functional Assays
(1 time)
Immune System Diseases
(1 time)
IGRA (1 time)
2018 Immune Functional Assays, From Custom to Standardized Tests for Precision Medicine.
68  immuno-fluorescent staining method
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
S. enteritidis (1 time)
2008 Application of an indirect immunofluorescent staining method for detection of Salmonella enteritidis in paraffin slices and antigen location in infected duck tissues.
69  immunoblot and immunofluorescence
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
LDLR (1 time)
2011 Trypanosoma cruzi utilizes the host low density lipoprotein receptor in invasion.
70  immunodiagnostic assays for human leptospirosis, including the indirect immunofluorescence test
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
LA (1 time)
MAT (1 time)
2004 A prospective evaluation of four immunodiagnotic assays for human leptospirosis.
71  immunofiltration enzyme assay
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
LAPS (1 time)
LOD (1 time)
2004 Development of immunofiltration assay by light addressable potentiometric sensor with genetically biotinylated recombinant antibody for rapid identification of Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus.
72  immunofluorescence antibody microscopy
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
PCR (1 time)
ZSCT (1 time)
2017 Comparison of five diagnostic tests for Giardia duodenalis in fecal samples from young dogs.
73  immunofluorescence assay in microwell plate
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 1995 An immunofluorescence assay in microwell plate (IFA) for detecting serum antibodies to Chlamydia pneumoniae.
74  immunofluorescent antibody and microscopy assay
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
RT-PCR (1 time)
2012 Comparison of assays for sensitive and reproducible detection of cell culture-infectious Cryptosporidium parvum and Cryptosporidium hominis in drinking water.
75  immunofluorescent antibody procedure
(1 time)
Laboratory Techniques and Procedures
(1 time)
CPE (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
HSV (1 time)
1985 Evaluation of two rapid methods for the detection of herpes simplex virus antigen in patient specimens.
76  immunofluorescent binding assay
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
mAbs (1 time)
1993 Secretory proteins in a ciliate cell: identification of epitopes common to numerous polypeptides.
77  immunofluorometric assay
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
1991 Immunofluorometric assay for lamotrigine (Lamictal) in human plasma.
78  immunogenic activity of polycomplexes versus BSA.E+incomplete Freund's adjuvant
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
BSA (1 time)
BSA.E (1 time)
PE (1 time)
1996 Immune response to 17 beta-estradiol in polyelectrolyte complex: antigen specificity and affinity of hybridoma clones.
79  important finding alert
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
--- 2009 Important imaging finding e-mail alert system: experience after 3 years of implementation.
80  in-feed antibiotics
(1 time)
Animal Population Groups
(1 time)
SDPP (1 time)
2016 Effect of dietary inclusion of spray-dried porcine plasma on performance, some physiological and immunological response of broiler chickens challenged with Salmonella sofia.
81  Incident field approximation
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
EPT (1 time)
IE (1 time)
RF (1 time)
2018 Reference-Based Integral MR-EPT:Simulation and Experiment Studies on the 9.4T MRI.
82  inclusion fluorescent-antibody assay
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
MIF (1 time)
1989 Comparison of a single-antigen microimmunofluorescence assay and inclusion fluorescent-antibody assay for detecting chlamydial antibodies and correlation of the results with neutralizing ability.
83  incomplete Freund's adjuvant-treated rats
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
SP-LI (1 time)
1994 Spinal cord SP release and hyperalgesia in monoarthritic rats: involvement of the GABAB receptor system.
84  Incremental flip angle
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
FLASH (1 time)
SE (1 time)
1992 Incremental flip angle snapshot FLASH MRI of hepatic lesions: improvement of signal-to-noise and contrast.
85  incus footplate assembly
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
ABG (1 time)
2016 Incus footplate assembly: Indication and surgical outcome.
86  index of fossorial ability
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
--- 2014 Postnatal ontogeny of limb proportions and functional indices in the subterranean rodent Ctenomys talarum (Rodentia: Ctenomyidae).
87  Indirect Fluorescence Assay for CT
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
2008 Can screening Chlamydia trachomatis by serological tests predict tubal damage in infertile patients?
88  indirect fluorescence microscopic assay
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
HHV-6 (1 time)
1997 Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of antibody to human herpesvirus 6.
89  indirect fluorescent-monoclonal antibody
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2016 DETECTION OF HELICOBACTER PYLORI AND VIRULENCE-ASSOCIATED GENES IN SALIVA SAMPLES OF ASYMPTOMATIC PERSONS IN NORTHEAST THAILAND.
90  indirect microimmunofluorescent antibody
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
Pr (1 time)
1983 Diagnostic criteria for scrub typhus: probability values for immunofluorescent antibody and Proteus OXK agglutinin titers.
91  indirect-immunofluorescence assay
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1994 Demonstration of common antigens on cell surface of Clostridium chauvoei and C. septicum by indirect-immunofluorescence assay.
92  individual functional assessment
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
SSI (1 time)
2001 American Academy of Pediatrics: The continued importance of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) for children and adolescents with disabilities.
93  induced-fit adsorption
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
NTdiol-POP (1 time)
POPs (1 time)
TC (1 time)
2018 Induced-fit adsorption of diol-based porous organic polymers for tetracycline removal.
94  infantum antibodies using the indirect immunofluorescence test
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
MVL (1 time)
2005 Human and canine leishmaniasis in asymptomatic and symptomatic population in Northwestern Greece.
95  infected areas of the monolayer by indirect immunofluorescence
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
CPE (1 time)
PRMK (1 time)
1990 Isolation of measles virus in primary rhesus monkey cells from a child with acute interstitial pneumonia who cytologically had giant-cell pneumonia without a rash.
96  infected asymptomatic individuals by an indirect immunofluorescence
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2000 Serologic response to Blastocystis hominis infection in asymptomatic individuals.
97  inferior frontal areas
(1 time)
Neurobiology
(1 time)
DRs (1 time)
TRs (1 time)
2010 Greater Pre-Stimulus Effective Connectivity from the Left Inferior Frontal Area to other Areas is Associated with Better Phonological Decoding in Dyslexic Readers.
98  Information for Action
(1 time)
CHVs (1 time)
2017 App-Supported Promotion of Child Growth and Development by Community Health Workers in Kenya: Feasibility and Acceptability Study.
99  infratemporal fossa abscess
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
DFI (1 time)
HT (1 time)
IT (1 time)
2018 Mandibular Coronoidectomy Could Significantly Accelerate the Healing Process of Infratemporal Fossa Abscess.
100  initial fear activation
(1 time)
Psychology, Clinical
(1 time)
BSH (1 time)
EPT (1 time)
2017 Emotional Processing Theory Put to Test: A Meta-Analysis on the Association Between Process and Outcome Measures in Exposure Therapy.