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Abbreviation: IGS
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
intergenic spacer
(418 times)
Microbiology
(117 times)
rDNA (55 times)
ITS (45 times)
PCR (28 times)
1987 Evolutionary divergence of promoters and spacers in the rDNA family of four Drosophila species. Implications for molecular coevolution in multigene families.
image-guided surgery
(78 times)
Otolaryngology
(19 times)
CT (9 times)
TRE (8 times)
ESS (6 times)
1998 A theoretical comparison of 2-camera and 3-camera optical localizers with active or passive instrumentation.
intergenic spacer region
(49 times)
Microbiology
(20 times)
fla (4 times)
ITS (4 times)
PCR (3 times)
2001 Identification of cyanobacteria and their toxigenicity in environmental samples by rapid molecular analysis.
International GNSS Service
(26 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(17 times)
PPP (10 times)
ZTD (6 times)
GNSS (5 times)
2002 Continuous time transfer using GPS carrier phase.
immunogold staining
(22 times)
Histocytochemistry
(7 times)
ABC (2 times)
ISEM (2 times)
PAP (2 times)
1981 Sequential use of the PAP and immunogold staining method for the light microscopical double staining of tissue antigens.
implantable gastric stimulation
(22 times)
General Surgery
(17 times)
GES (4 times)
BMI (2 times)
AGB (1 time)
2002 Implantable electrical gastric stimulation to treat morbid obesity in the human: operative technique.
Imerslund-Grasbeck syndrome
(20 times)
Pediatrics
(6 times)
CUBN (9 times)
AMN (7 times)
Cbl (3 times)
1994 Failure to thrive is an early symptom of the imerslund Grasbeck syndrome.
internal guide sequence
(20 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
GFP (1 time)
HSV-TK (1 time)
ICS (1 time)
1984 Assessment of a model for intron RNA secondary structure relevant to RNA self-splicing--a review.
image guidance system
(10 times)
Otolaryngology
(4 times)
ESS (2 times)
CRS (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
2002 Comparison of endoscopic sinus surgery with and without image guidance.
10  intergenic sequences
(10 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
rDNA (2 times)
APMV-7 (1 time)
GC (1 time)
1990 Identification of a short rDNA spacer sequence highly specific of a tomato line containing Tm-1 gene introgressed from Lycopersicon hirsutum.
11  index of glomerular sclerosis
(8 times)
Vascular Diseases
(6 times)
RIV (4 times)
SBP (4 times)
BUN (3 times)
2001 Renal protective effects of chronic exercise and antihypertensive therapy in hypertensive rats with chronic renal failure.
12  image-guided systems
(6 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
CT (2 times)
AR (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
2000 Computer-assisted fluoroscopic targeting system for pedicle screw insertion.
13  in-gap state
(5 times)
Nanotechnology
(4 times)
CS (1 time)
ESD (1 time)
KPFM (1 time)
2008 Coherent and Incoherent Excitations of Electron-Doped SrTiO3.
14  intergenic spacer sequence
(5 times)
Disease Vectors
(1 time)
IAA (1 time)
IPyA (1 time)
rRNA (1 time)
1993 The Trypanosoma cruzi ribosomal RNA-encoding gene: analysis of promoter and upstream intergenic spacer sequences.
15  gonadosomatic index
(4 times)
Tropical Medicine
(3 times)
CR (1 time)
DACBiol (1 time)
DO (1 time)
2004 [Effects of the dietary incorporation of carotenoid pigments on gonad development and oocyte maturity in females of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum, 1972)].
16  intergenic transcribed spacer
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
rDNA (2 times)
ETS (1 time)
ITS (1 time)
1992 Unique structure in the intergenic and 5' external transcribed spacer of the ribosomal RNA gene from the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum.
17  inter-grating space
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
LPGs (2 times)
CLPGs (1 time)
E. coli (1 time)
2011 Tunable wavelength division multiplexing channel isolation filter based on dual chirped long-period fiber gratings.
18  intergenic spacer region of the rDNA
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CaM (1 time)
EF-1alpha (1 time)
ITS (1 time)
2003 Fumonisin production by Gibberella fujikuroi strains from Pinus species.
19  Inventory of Gambling Situations
(3 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Psychometric properties of the inventory of gambling situations with a focus on gender and age differences.
20  Irvine-Gass syndrome
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
CRT (2 times)
IOP (2 times)
BCVA (1 time)
2016 Intravitreal dexamethasone implant for recurrent cystoid macular edema due to Irvine-Gass syndrome: a prospective case series.
21  gene-intergenic spacer
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
rDNA (2 times)
ITS (1 time)
2008 Microdiversity of Burkholderiales associated with mycorrhizal and nonmycorrhizal roots of Medicago truncatula.
22  IFN gene signature
(2 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(2 times)
IFN (2 times)
SLE (2 times)
2019 Gene expression analysis delineates the potential roles of multiple interferons in systemic lupus erythematosus.
23  Igongsan
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
DSS (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
UC (1 time)
2014 The antiinflammatory mechanism of Igongsan in mouse peritoneal macrophages via suppression of NF-kappaB/Caspase-1 activation.
24  image-guided navigation system
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
AAI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
RA (1 time)
2015 Computed tomography-based image-guided system in spinal surgery: state of the art through 10 years of experience.
25  image-guiduance surgery
(2 times)
Neck
(1 time)
IOM (1 time)
ROIs (1 time)
2005 Automatic detection of region of interest based on object tracking in neurosurgical video.
26  immunogold staining method
(2 times)
Histocytochemistry
(1 time)
ALL (1 time)
MHC (1 time)
1987 Ultrastructural immunocytochemistry of glia cells. Double labeling studies using LR White embedding and colloidal gold.
27  immunogold-silver
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CCCP (1 time)
hIFN-gamma (1 time)
mAb (1 time)
1988 Ectopic production of beta-human chorionic gonadotropin by inverted papilloma of the nose.
28  Index of Gastrointestinal status
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
IRS (2 times)
IVS (2 times)
SAQ (2 times)
2006 The scleroderma Assessment Questionnaire (SAQ). A new self-assessment questionnaire for evaluation of disease status in patients with systemic sclerosis.
29  Integrated genome sizing
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
HPC (1 time)
NGS (1 time)
2018 Integrated genome sizing (IGS) approach for the parallelization of whole genome analysis.
30  Integrated Genotyping System
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
HLA (1 time)
NGS (1 time)
2006 An integrated system for genetic analysis.
31  interdental gingival septum
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
BVs (1 time)
PLCs (1 time)
1994 Cell generation within the interdental gingival septum of the rat.
32  intergenic rDNA spacer
(2 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
--- 1992 Leishmania tarentolae taxonomic relatedness inferred from phylogenetic analysis of the small subunit ribosomal RNA gene.
33  intergenic spacer of the nuclear ribosomal repeat
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CAL (1 time)
1998 PCR amplification and characterization of the intergenic spacer region of the ribosomal DNA in Pyrenophora graminea.
34  International Genetic Standardization
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
AST (1 time)
CHB (1 time)
EPIJ (1 time)
2013 Study for collecting background data on Wistar Hannover [Crl:WI(Han)] rats in general toxicity studies--comparative data to Sprague Dawley rats.
35  International Graphonomics Society
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
--- 1998 Neuromotor control in handwriting and drawing: introduction and overview.
36  intragastric single-port surgery
(2 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
ERCP (1 time)
RYGB (1 time)
2019 Intragastric single-port surgery (IGS) accesses the gastric remnant and allows ERCP for common bile duct stones after RYGB: a simple solution for a difficult problem.
37  intragroup similarities
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
CD (1 time)
IEL (1 time)
VH (1 time)
2012 Effect of feeding piglets with different extruded and nonextruded cereals on the gut mucosa and microbiota during the first postweaning week.
38  isoeugenol synthase
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CHS (1 time)
EOBII (1 time)
EPSPS (1 time)
2011 Metabolic engineering in strawberry fruit uncovers a dormant biosynthetic pathway.
39  3-indolylmethylglucosinolate
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
Trp (1 time)
2001 Jasmonate-dependent induction of indole glucosinolates in Arabidopsis by culture filtrates of the nonspecific pathogen Erwinia carotovora.
40  idiopathic glomerulonephritis with formation of sickles
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1992 [Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies--ANCA].
41  IFN response gene signature
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
AGS (1 time)
IFN (1 time)
monoSLE (1 time)
2016 Insights from Mendelian Interferonopathies: Comparison of CANDLE, SAVI with AGS, Monogenic Lupus.
42  IG group, who had only sustained a single injury
(1 time)
BHJMI (1 time)
IG (1 time)
IGM (1 time)
2016 Generalized Joint Laxity and Ligament Injuries in High School-Aged Female Volleyball Players in Japan.
43  image guided score
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Neuronavigation in a developing country: a pilot study of efficacy and limitations in intracranial surgery.
44  Image of God Scale
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2012 Psychometric properties of the Image of God Scale in breast cancer survivors.
45  image-guided radiotherapy systems
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2007 Quality assurance of image-guidance technologies.
46  Image-Guided Surgeries
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
pose (1 time)
2011 Development of a wireless hybrid navigation system for laparoscopic surgery.
47  immigrant generational status
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
CM (1 time)
IPV (1 time)
NESARC (1 time)
2015 The association between immigrant generational status, child maltreatment history and intimate partner violence (IPV): evidence from a nationally representative survey.
48  immune genomic signature
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
APNSCLC (1 time)
NIV (1 time)
2018 Preliminary results of PRINCiPe (predictors of resistance to immunotherapy with nivolumab [NIV]) study in advanced pretreated non-small cell lung cancer (APNSCLC), investigating the role of an immune genomic signature (IGS) including JAK2, JAK3, PIAS4, PTPN2, STAT3, IFNAR2 alterations.
49  Immuno-Gold Stain
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
MTs (1 time)
1983 Action of taxol on mitosis: modification of microtubule arrangements and function of the mitotic spindle in Haemanthus endosperm.
50  immunocytochemical colloidal gold staining
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
MF (1 time)
MT (1 time)
NF (1 time)
1988 Intracellular localization of nerve growth factor in PC12 cells. An immuno-gold electron microscopic approach.
51  Immunogold Cell-Labeling System
(1 time)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
--- 1984 Immunogold staining: adaptation of a cell-labeling system for analysis of human leukocyte subsets.
52  immunogold silver enhancement method
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
GP (1 time)
MK (1 time)
1992 Characterization of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa-positive cells in human umbilical cord blood: their potential usefulness as megakaryocyte progenitors.
53  immunogold-silver technique
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BLA (1 time)
M2R-ir (1 time)
PV (1 time)
2017 Evidence for M2 muscarinic receptor modulation of axon terminals and dendrites in the rodent basolateral amygdala: An ultrastructural and electrophysiological analysis.
54  impregnated collagen coated polyester vascular graft
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
ESBL-EC (1 time)
MRSA (1 time)
2016 Comparison of the Antimicrobial Properties of Silver Impregnated Vascular Grafts with and without Triclosan.
55  inappropriate gonadotropin secretion
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
FSH (1 time)
GnRH (1 time)
LH (1 time)
1984 Hypothesis: aberrant puberty and the Stein-Leventhal syndrome.
56  incorrect gaze shift
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
RGS (1 time)
1999 Human eye-head gaze shifts in a distractor task. I. Truncated gaze shifts.
57  increase in glutamine synthetase
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CHX (1 time)
DEX (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
1996 Glucocorticoids regulate glutamine synthetase expression in lung epithelial cells.
58  indeterminate gallstone size
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
LGS (1 time)
2011 Preoperative ultrasound measurements predict the feasibility of gallbladder extraction during transgastric natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery cholecystectomy.
59  indole GS
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
4-MGBC (1 time)
GBC (1 time)
GSs (1 time)
2015 Leaf and root glucosinolate profiles of Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa ssp. pekinensis) as a systemic response to methyl jasmonate and salicylic acid elicitation.
60  indole-3-glycerol phosphate synthase
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
IAA (1 time)
IGP (1 time)
Trp (1 time)
2000 Indole-3-glycerol phosphate, a branchpoint of indole-3-acetic acid biosynthesis from the tryptophan biosynthetic pathway in Arabidopsis thaliana.
61  inert gas stripping
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
IA (1 time)
SOCs (1 time)
2007 Evidence of bias in air-water Henry's law constants for semivolatile organic compounds measured by inert gas stripping.
62  infarction growth scores
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
APVs (1 time)
ASPECTS (1 time)
DWI (1 time)
2020 Mapping the ischemic penumbra and predicting stroke progression in acute ischemic stroke: the overlooked role of susceptibility weighted imaging.
63  Informal urban green-space
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2014 Informal urban green-space: comparison of quantity and characteristics in Brisbane, Australia and Sapporo, Japan.
64  Information Gathering Schedule
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 2009 Binary constructs of forensic psychiatric nursing: a pilot study.
65  initial gait speed
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
6MWT (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
MCID (1 time)
2018 Minimal Clinically Important Difference of the 6-Minute Walk Test in People With Stroke.
66  inner germarial sheath
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
FSCs (1 time)
2018 Wingless promotes EGFR signaling in follicle stem cells to maintain self-renewal.
67  insertional gene synthesis
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1990 Insertional gene synthesis, a novel method of assembling consecutive DNA sequences within specific sites in plasmids. Construction of the HIV-1 tat gene.
68  Institute for Genome Sciences
(1 time)
Genomics
(1 time)
--- 2011 The IGS Standard Operating Procedure for Automated Prokaryotic Annotation.
69  instrument guidance system
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2010 Multimodal target correction by local bone registration: a PET/CT evaluation.
70  integrated gastroenterology service
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
--- 2015 Establishing an integrated gastroenterology service between a medical center and the community.
71  intelligent glasses system
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2004 On 3D world perception: towards a definition of a cognitive map based electronic travel aid.
72  intended goal structure
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
MAS (1 time)
PERT (1 time)
2001 Conflict detection during plan integration for multi-agent systems.
73  interferon gene signature
(1 time)
Immune System Diseases
(1 time)
cDCs (1 time)
DCs (1 time)
eRA (1 time)
2018 Phenotypic and Transcriptomic Analysis of Peripheral Blood Plasmacytoid and Conventional Dendritic Cells in Early Drug Naive Rheumatoid Arthritis.
74  InterGard Silver
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2003 In situ revascularization with silver-coated polyester grafts to treat aortic infection: early and midterm results.
75  intergenic non-coding regions
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2013 RNAP-II transcribes two small RNAs at the promoter and terminator regions of the RNAP-I gene in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
76  intergenic region spacer
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
qPCR (1 time)
2008 Detection, quantification and vitality of Listeria monocytogenes in food as determined by quantitative PCR.
77  intergenic spacer of the ribosomal DNA
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Trichomonas vaginalis: intrastrain polymorphisms within the ribosomal intergenic spacer do not correlate with clinical presentation.
78  intergenic spacer of the ribosomal genes in eukaryotes
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
PCR (1 time)
SB (1 time)
2005 Ribosomal intergenic spacer (IGS) length variation across the Drosophilinae (Diptera: Drosophilidae).
79  intermediate gait speed
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
FGS (1 time)
MDC (1 time)
MDC95 (1 time)
2011 Measurement error and minimum detectable change in 4-meter gait speed in older adults.
80  International Gold Standard
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
--- 2002 Sexual maturation data for Crl Sprague-Dawley rats: criteria and confounding factors.
81  Internet grocery service
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2013 Feasibility and acceptability of Internet grocery service in an urban food desert, Chicago, 2011-2012.
82  intracerebral granulocytic sarcoma
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Intracerebral granulocytic sarcoma.
83  Intragastric stimulation
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2002 [Intragastric stimulation (IGS) for treatment of morbid obesity].
84  intragastric surgery
(1 time)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
EPATS (1 time)
PEIGS (1 time)
2020 Endoscopic trans gastric assisted surgery for gastric tumors: Case report and description of a new surgical technique.
85  intrathoracic granulocytic sarcoma
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
MR (1 time)
1996 Intrathoracic granulocytic sarcomas.
86  intrinsic geometry structure
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
PPI (1 time)
2016 The Intrinsic Geometric Structure of Protein-Protein Interaction Networks for Protein Interaction Prediction.
87  invasiveness gene signature
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
WR (1 time)
2007 The prognostic role of a gene signature from tumorigenic breast-cancer cells.
88  Investigator Global Score
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AK (1 time)
2017 Efficacy of a film-forming medical device containing sunscreen (50+) and piroxicam 0.8% in actinic keratosis and field cancerization: a multicenter, assessor-blinded, 3 month trial.
89  Investigator Global Severity
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
RSAT (1 time)
2018 Validity and Reliability of a Rosacea Self-Assessment Tool.
90  ischemia-guided strategy
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
COPD (1 time)
EIS (1 time)
NSTE-ACS (1 time)
2020 Early Invasive Versus Ischemia-Guided Strategy in Non-ST-Segment Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A National Inpatient Sample Analysis.
91  isozyme group-specific sequences
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
IGS-1 and -4 (1 time)
1998 Role of isozyme group-specific sequence 4 in the isozyme-specific properties of human aldolase C.
92  Israeli Registry of Childhood Cancer
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
ART (1 time)
MHS (1 time)
2019 Assisted reproductive technology and the risk of pediatric cancer: A population based study and a systematic review and meta analysis.
93  ISUP GS
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
BRFS (1 time)
CGS (1 time)
ISUP (1 time)
2009 Usefulness of the 2005 International Society of Urologic Pathology Gleason grading system in prostate biopsy and radical prostatectomy specimens.