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Abbreviation: INA
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
ice nucleation activity
(37 times)
Microbiology
(13 times)
SCP (4 times)
IN (3 times)
INP (3 times)
1978 Distribution of ice nucleation-active bacteria on plants in nature.
isonicotinic acid
(29 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
SA (5 times)
ABA (2 times)
GUS (2 times)
1976 Antibodies specific to isoniazid and isonicotinic acid.
5-iodonaphthyl-1-azide
(24 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
VEEV (4 times)
hCG (2 times)
IgE (2 times)
1981 Interactions of wild-type and mutant M protein of vesicular stomatitis virus with viral nucleocapsid and envelope in intact virions. Evidence from [125I]iodonaphthyl azide labeling and specific cross-linking.
isonicotinamide
(23 times)
Crystallography
(14 times)
FB (4 times)
ACM (2 times)
CPR (1 time)
2001 Self-assembly of polymer and sheet structures from palladium(II) complexes by hydrogen bonding between carboxamide substituents.
alpha-internexin
(15 times)
Pathology
(5 times)
EGFR (2 times)
MCAO (2 times)
NEFH (2 times)
2008 Comparative proteomics and correlated signaling network of rat hippocampus in the pilocarpine model of temporal lobe epilepsy.
immunonephelometric assay
(10 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(5 times)
ELISA (2 times)
LDL (2 times)
apo (1 time)
1989 Rate immunonephelometry and radial immunodiffusion compared for apolipoproteins AI and B assay.
instant nutritional assessment
(9 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
NRI (3 times)
PNI (3 times)
SGA (2 times)
1985 The value of nutritional assessment in the surgical patient.
Immigration and Nationality Act
(5 times)
Jurisprudence
(5 times)
CDC (2 times)
HHS (2 times)
ESA (1 time)
1991 Labor condition applications and requirements for employers using aliens on H-1B visas in specialty occupations--Department of Labor. Interinal final rule; request for comments.
intradental nerve activity
(5 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
LTB4 (1 time)
PBF (1 time)
1984 Relation between intradental nerve activity and estimated pain in man--a mathematical model.
10  2,6-dichloro-isonicotinic acid
(4 times)
Botany
(4 times)
SA (3 times)
3-AT (1 time)
ACS (1 time)
1995 Hydrogen peroxide does not function downstream of salicylic acid in the induction of PR protein expression.
11  ice nucleating agent
(4 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
CryoP (1 time)
2003 Endogenous and exogenous ice-nucleating agents constrain supercooling in the hatchling painted turtle.
12  inter-network analysis
(4 times)
Social Sciences
(2 times)
ICF (2 times)
FL (1 time)
2014 Analysis of traditional knowledge for wild edible mushrooms consumed by residents living in Jirisan National Park (Korea).
13  internexin alpha
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
EC (1 time)
GEP-NENs (1 time)
LGG (1 time)
2011 Histomolecular classification of adult diffuse gliomas: the diagnostic value of immunohistochemical markers.
14  International Neurotoxicology Association
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
DGF (1 time)
EC (1 time)
EPA (1 time)
1990 Neurotoxic substances also posing a cancer risk: a warning.
15  intranasal administration
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
APT (1 time)
aTf (1 time)
AVP (1 time)
2013 Effects of arginine vasopressin on musical working memory.
16  invasive nosocomial aspergillosis
(3 times)
Biology
(2 times)
IA (1 time)
1994 [Integrated struggle against aspergillosis at the level of a single hospital or a hospital cluster].
17  1-iodo-5-azidonaphthalene
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
AzNAP (1 time)
DABIPH (1 time)
DAN (1 time)
2010 Characterization of the effects of aryl-azido compounds and UVA irradiation on the viral proteins and infectivity of human immunodeficiency virus type 1.
18  ice nucleation-enhancing activities
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
INB (2 times)
SCA (2 times)
XPCs (2 times)
2012 Freezing activities of flavonoids in solutions containing different ice nucleators.
19  Icelandic Nurses Association
(2 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
DNO (1 time)
FFN (1 time)
NNA (1 time)
1997 Northern nurses' flourishing crossborder partnerships.
20  idiopathic neuralgic amyotrophy
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
HSI (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
MRN (1 time)
2010 Idiopathic neuralgic amyotrophy in children. Case report, 4 year follow up and review of the literature.
21  illuminating numerical aperture
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
--- 1976 Cell-to-substrate contacts in living fibroblasts: an interference reflexion study with an evaluation of the technique.
22  illumination
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
RICM (1 time)
1981 Locomotion of Xenopus epidermis cells in primary culture.
23  incline angle
(2 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
LLA (2 times)
ROM (2 times)
SA (2 times)
2017 Relationship between spinal morphology and function and adolescent non-specific back pain: A cross-sectional study.
24  inhibitor neutralization assay
(2 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
ELISA (1 time)
IRMA (1 time)
VIIICAG (1 time)
1982 Heterogeneity of haemophilia A: a study with three different antisera.
25  intercalating nucleic acid
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
INAs (1 time)
ODN (1 time)
rMD (1 time)
2003 Intercalating nucleic acids (INAs) with insertion of N-(pyren-1-ylmethyl)-(3R,4R)-4-(hydroxymethyl)pyrrolidin-3-ol. DNA (RNA) duplex and DNA three-way junction stabilities.
26  intermediate filament alpha internexin
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
aAbs (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
NPSLE (1 time)
2010 Anti-alpha-internexin autoantibody from neuropsychiatric lupus induce cognitive damage via inhibiting axonal elongation and promote neuron apoptosis.
27  intradental A-delta nerve activity
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
--- 1994 Encoding of the subjective intensity of sharp dental pain.
28  intranasal antihistamine
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
AZE/FP (1 time)
BDP (1 time)
2011 Outcomes and cost comparison of three therapeutic approaches to allergic rhinitis.
29  intraspinal narcotic analgesia
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
CDS (1 time)
1985 Intraspinal narcotic analgesia in the treatment of chronic pain.
30  inward Na+ current
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
tauRec (1 time)
TTX (1 time)
1979 Ontogenetic increase of the maximal rate of rise of the chick embryonic heart action potential. Relationship to voltage, time, and tetrodotoxin.
31  isodeoxynucleic acid
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
INTPs (1 time)
2007 Enzymatic and chemical synthesis of isodeoxynucleic acid (INA) and its properties.
32  isolated necrotizing arteritis
(2 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
PAN (1 time)
1998 Isolated necrotizing arteritis of the female genital tract: a clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study of 11 cases.
33  isopropylnoradrenaline
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
--- 1984 [Effect of isopropylnoradrenaline included in liposomes on cardiac hemodynamics during the adrenoreceptor blockade].
34  its analog 2,2-dichloroisonicotinic acid
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
SA (2 times)
bZIP (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
1998 Requirement for the induced expression of a cell wall associated receptor kinase for survival during the pathogen response.
35  2-iodo-4-nitroaniline
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2004 Selective growth of a less stable polymorph of 2-iodo-4-nitroaniline on a self-assembled monolayer template.
36  5-((125)I)-iodonaphthalene-1-azide
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 1999 Hydrophobic and hydrophilic radio-iodination, crosslinking, and differential extraction of cell surface proteins in Paramecium tetraurelia cells.
37  A-I and B by rate nephelometry
(1 time)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
apo (1 time)
LDL (1 time)
1987 New assay of apolipoproteins A-I and B by rate nephelometry evaluated.
38  C1-inactivator
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
ATIII (1 time)
FPA (1 time)
PC (1 time)
1989 The role of the protein C-thrombomodulin system in physiologic anticoagulation during cardiopulmonary bypass.
39  idiopathic NA
(1 time)
Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
(1 time)
MRN (1 time)
NA (1 time)
2014 Magnetic resonance neurographic findings in classic idiopathic neuralgic amyotrophy in subacute stage: a report of four cases.
40  imageless navigation assisted
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
MA (1 time)
TKAs (1 time)
2010 Imageless navigation assisted total knee arthroplasty with comprehensive gap balancing in medial osteoarthritic varus knees with anatomic variations.
41  immune network algorithm
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BOD (1 time)
COD (1 time)
SSTP (1 time)
2014 Prediction analysis of effluent removal in a septic sludge treatment plant: a biomimetics engineering approach.
42  immunization needs assessment
(1 time)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
--- 2012 Impact of a pharmacist immunizer on adult immunization rates.
43  Immunonephelometric analysis
(1 time)
Laboratory Techniques and Procedures
(1 time)
USA (1 time)
1990 [Optimization of the conditions for the immunochemical nephelometric analysis of IgG, IgA and IgM].
44  immunoturbidimetric assay
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
RID (1 time)
1996 [Measurement of serum apoA I and apoA II in 438 male healthy subjects aged 40-70 in Chengdu area].
45  Implicit negative affect
(1 time)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
ENA (1 time)
EPA (1 time)
2016 The Implicit Positive and Negative Affect Test: Validity and Relationship with Cardiovascular Stress-Responses.
46  Inabu-cho
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
YOK (1 time)
2015 Quantitative Reconstruction of Sulfur Deposition Using a Mixing Model Based on Sulfur Isotope Ratios in Tree Rings.
47  inactive
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
HAA (1 time)
HDL (1 time)
LDL (1 time)
2009 Resistance exercise plus to aerobic activities is associated with better lipids' profile among healthy individuals: the ATTICA study.
48  inactive adults
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
ACT (1 time)
HFM (1 time)
SOD (1 time)
2011 Vascular consequences of a high-fat meal in physically active and inactive adults.
49  inadequate
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
APA (2 times)
ADE (1 time)
CAA (1 time)
1999 Retrospective review of flow patterns following retropubic prostatectomy.
50  inattention
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CFA (1 time)
HYP/IMP (1 time)
ODD (1 time)
2001 A confirmatory factor analysis on the DSM-IV ADHD and ODD symptoms: what is the best model for the organization of these symptoms?
51  increased and stable network activity
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Somatodendritic integration under increased network activity in layer 5 pyramidal cells of the somatosensory cortex.
52  Index of non-adherence
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2007 Computational analysis of non-adherence and non-attendance using the text of narrative physician notes in the electronic medical record.
53  Indigenous North American
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
ACPA (1 time)
pHLA (1 time)
RA (1 time)
2017 Molecular basis for increased susceptibility of Indigenous North Americans to seropositive rheumatoid arthritis.
54  indirect aggression
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
PLA (1 time)
PMA (1 time)
PTSD (1 time)
2003 Comorbid alcohol addiction increases aggression level in soldiers with combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder.
55  induced by the salicylic acid analog 2,6-dichloroisonicotinic acid
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
JA (1 time)
2013 Two recently duplicated maize NAC transcription factor paralogs are induced in response to Colletotrichum graminicola infection.
56  inducer of defense responses, 2,6-dichloroisonicotinic acid
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
APX (1 time)
AsA (1 time)
SA (1 time)
1995 Inhibition of ascorbate peroxidase by salicylic acid and 2,6-dichloroisonicotinic acid, two inducers of plant defense responses.
57  inducer, 2,6-dichloroisonicotinic acid
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
NPR1 (1 time)
PR (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2009 Systemic acquired resistance in soybean is regulated by two proteins, Orthologous to Arabidopsis NPR1.
58  inducers of resistance, 2,6-dichloroisonicotinic acid
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
JA (1 time)
1997 Gene-Expression Patterns and Levels of Jasmonic Acid in Rice Treated with the Resistance Inducer 2,6-Dichloroisonicotinic Acid.
59  Infant Neuromotor Assessment
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DNA (1 time)
GSH (1 time)
NICU (1 time)
1999 Evaluation of the infant at risk for neurodevelopmental disability.
60  infected nonanemic
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
IA (1 time)
1983 Pathogenesis of Trypanosoma brucei infection in deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus): hematologic, erythrocyte biochemical, and iron metabolic aspects.
61  infectious nucleic acid
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CVA21 (1 time)
2011 Myeloma xenograft destruction by a nonviral vector delivering oncolytic infectious nucleic acid.
62  inhalational anesthesia
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ESS (1 time)
TIVA (1 time)
2013 Quality of surgical field during endoscopic sinus surgery: a systematic literature review of the effect of total intravenous compared to inhalational anesthesia.
63  inhibition of BBPK by 2,6-dichloroisonicotinic acid
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
BBPK (1 time)
SAR (1 time)
2001 Identification of a 2,6-dichloroisonicotinic-acid-sensitive protein kinase from tobacco by affinity chromatography on benzothiadiazole-sepharose and NIM-metal chelate adsorbent.
64  initially
(1 time)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
DC (1 time)
1995 Disability and functional status in patients with low back pain receiving workers' compensation: a descriptive study with implications for the efficacy of physical therapy.
65  innominate
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CCA (1 time)
SC (1 time)
SCA (1 time)
1995 Extrathoracic reconstruction of arterial occlusive disease involving the supraaortic trunks.
66  innominate artery
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
NRLN (1 time)
2010 Neck ultrasound for prediction of right nonrecurrent laryngeal nerve.
67  Institut National des Arts
(1 time)
--- 1994 Playing AIDS: an experiment in popular theatre in Mali.
68  Institute for Nutraceutical Advancement
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
2010 Optimization and single-laboratory validation study of a high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for the determination of phenolic Echinacea constituents.
69  Integrated Neighbourhood Approach
(1 time)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
--- 2011 Evaluating an integrated neighbourhood approach to improve well-being of frail elderly in a Dutch community: a study protocol.
70  intelligent nanoassembly
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DOPE (1 time)
PS (1 time)
PSD (1 time)
2010 "Intelligent" nanoassembly for gene delivery: in vitro transfection and the possible mechanism.
71  Intensivierte Nachsorge
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 2000 [Intensified after-care--a method for improving occupational reintegration after myocardial infarct and/or bypass operation].
72  interaction network-based analysis
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CBA (1 time)
MEC (1 time)
2018 ConsensusDriver Improves upon Individual Algorithms for Predicting Driver Alterations in Different Cancer Types and Individual Patients.
73  intermittent albuterol
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CNA (1 time)
1997 Continuously nebulized albuterol in severe exacerbations of asthma in adults: a case-controlled study.
74  intermittent nebulization
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
CNA (1 time)
MDI (1 time)
1996 Determinants of aerosolized albuterol delivery to mechanically ventilated infants.
75  interpositus, both the anterior
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
VL (1 time)
1982 Residual cerebellothalamic terminal fields following hemispherectomy in the cat.
76  interstitial area
(1 time)
Neuroanatomy
(1 time)
AOBs (1 time)
OL (1 time)
P-L (1 time)
2012 Cytological organization of the alpha component of the anterior olfactory nucleus and olfactory limbus.
77  interval of neurological attention
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BI (1 time)
1999 [Functional prognosis of stroke patients after 3 months: determining factors].
78  intra-neural anaesthetic
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2008 The effect of intra-neural local anaesthetic infusion on pain following major lower limb amputation.
79  intra-nuclear astral microtubules
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 2003 Individual microtubule dynamics contribute to the function of mitotic and cytoplasmic arrays in fission yeast.
80  intracellular nucleic acid
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ABR (1 time)
epsilon-PL (1 time)
STR (1 time)
2002 Production of epsilon-polylysine in an airlift bioreactor (ABR).
81  intranasal application
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
IANR (1 time)
MSCs (1 time)
2014 Intranasal delivery of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells, macrophages, and microglia to the brain in mouse models of Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease.
82  inulin acetate
(1 time)
Carbohydrates
(1 time)
IDM (1 time)
2014 Electrosprayed inulin microparticles for microbiota triggered targeting of colon.
83  Inverse Nyquist Array
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AFS (1 time)
DOF (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
2014 Integrated chassis control of active front steering and yaw stability control based on improved inverse nyquist array method.
84  inwardly rectifying K+ current
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
LC (1 time)
NA (1 time)
1998 alpha2-Adrenoceptor-mediated potassium currents in acutely dissociated rat locus coeruleus neurones.
85  iota-carrageenan
(1 time)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
--- 2004 Development of patient-friendly preparations: preparation of a new allopurinol mouthwash containing polyethylene(oxide) and carrageenan.
86  Iowa Nurses' Association
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
--- 1992 Students attend nurses association convention for college credit.
87  Isatinecic acid
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
PAs (1 time)
PB (1 time)
RET (1 time)
1993 In vivo metabolism of retrorsine and retrorsine-N-oxide.
88  ischemic necrotic area
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
GSH-Px (1 time)
INNA (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
1996 A study of time window for oxidative stress associated with myocardial ischemia and reperfusion.
89  iso-nonyl-alchol
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
EG (1 time)
HDPE (1 time)
SIPs (1 time)
2009 Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emission characteristics and control strategies for a petrochemical industrial area in middle Taiwan.
90  isoniazid
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
ATR (1 time)
EB (1 time)
P-L (1 time)
1994 [The effect of different antitubercular agents on phagosome fusion with lysosomes, on the F-actin content in mouse peritoneal macrophages and on G-actin polymerization in vitro].
91  isonicotinoyl azide
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
3alpha,5alpha-Adiol (1 time)
2008 Studies on neurosteroids XXIV. Determination of neuroactive androgens, androsterone and 5alpha-androstane-3alpha,17beta-diol, in rat brain and serum using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.
92  isononyl alcohol mixtures
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
7carboxy-MMeHP (1 time)
7OH-MMeOP (1 time)
7oxo-MMeOP (1 time)
2007 Determination of secondary, oxidised di-iso-nonylphthalate (DINP) metabolites in human urine representative for the exposure to commercial DINP plasticizers.
93  Isoprenaline
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
beta3-ADR (1 time)
CRCs (1 time)
EFS (1 time)
2015 Involvement of beta3-adrenoceptors in the inhibitory control of cholinergic activity in human bladder: Direct evidence by [(3)H]-acetylcholine release experiments in the isolated detrusor.
94  its functional analog 2,6-dichloroisonicotinic acid
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
SA (1 time)
TMV (1 time)
1998 Characterization of a tobacco epoxide hydrolase gene induced during the resistance response to TMV.
95  photo-inactivated in presence of 1,5-iodonaphthylazide
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
AMT (1 time)
2013 Dengue virus photo-inactivated in presence of 1,5-iodonaphthylazide (INA) or AMT, a psoralen compound (4'-aminomethyl-trioxsalen) is highly immunogenic in mice.