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Abbreviation: IND
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Long forms: 172

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
indomethacin
(415 times)
Pharmacology
(173 times)
NSAIDs (25 times)
PGE2 (18 times)
PG (17 times)
1975 Inhibition of bradykinin vasodilation and potentiation of norepinephrine and angiotensin vasoconstriction by inhibitors of prostaglandin synthesis in skeletal muscle of the rat.
investigational new drug
(183 times)
Pharmacology
(32 times)
FDA (57 times)
NDA (11 times)
cGMP (5 times)
1975 Use of hydrazine sulfate in terminal and preterminal cancer patients: results of investigational new drug (IND) study in 84 evaluable patients.
intestinal neuronal dysplasia
(81 times)
Pediatrics
(44 times)
HD (22 times)
AChE (10 times)
ENS (7 times)
1994 Aganglionosis and related disorders.
investigational new drug application
(41 times)
Jurisprudence
(12 times)
FDA (22 times)
NDA (5 times)
BLA (2 times)
1969 Chemical control information on investigational drugs required for an investigational new drug application (I.N.D.).
indeterminate
(34 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(12 times)
CARD (21 times)
NI (9 times)
CHD (3 times)
1993 Antibodies to Trypanosoma cruzi express idiotypic patterns that can differentiate between patients with asymptomatic or severe Chagas' disease.
indefinite for dysplasia
(32 times)
Gastroenterology
(15 times)
LGD (21 times)
HGD (19 times)
BE (9 times)
2000 The diagnosis of low-grade dysplasia in Barrett's esophagus and its implications for disease progression.
inflammatory neurological diseases
(24 times)
Neurology
(18 times)
CSF (15 times)
MS (14 times)
NIND (13 times)
1991 Cytokine levels in the cerebrospinal fluid and serum of patients with multiple sclerosis.
indapamide
(21 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
PER (5 times)
HCT (4 times)
SHR (3 times)
1984 Comparative trial of indapamide and hydrochlorothiazide in essential hypertension, with forearm plethysmography.
INDEHISCENT
(20 times)
Botany
(10 times)
ALC (6 times)
FUL (5 times)
SPT (4 times)
2004 Control of fruit patterning in Arabidopsis by INDEHISCENT.
10  indole
(19 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
QUI (8 times)
NCCs (6 times)
MOF (4 times)
1975 Circular dichroism and fluorescence studies on the binding of ligands to the alpha subunit of tryptophan synthase.
11  improvised nuclear device
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
RDD (6 times)
EPA (2 times)
RARAF (2 times)
2005 Proposed framework for cleanup and site restoration following a terrorist incident involving radioactive material.
12  index
(16 times)
Botany
(6 times)
DON (12 times)
FHB (7 times)
FDK (5 times)
1980 Genetic variance and correlation after selection for two traits by index, independent culling levels and extreme selection.
13  indinavir
(14 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(4 times)
AZT (2 times)
NEL (2 times)
PIs (2 times)
1999 Pharmacokinetic interactions between HIV-protease inhibitors in rats.
14  India
(12 times)
Virology
(2 times)
CH (3 times)
JPN (2 times)
Rh (2 times)
1988 Thymic selection of H-2-incompatible bone marrow cells in SCID mice. Differences in T help for induction of B cell IgG responses versus cytotoxic T cells.
15  independent
(10 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
DEP (2 times)
AR (1 time)
BPD (1 time)
1993 Kinetics of combined drug action.
16  anti-inflammatory drug, indomethacin
(9 times)
Biology
(1 time)
LPS (3 times)
IL-6 (2 times)
AP-1 (1 time)
1990 Dexamethasone and indomethacin treatment during endotoxicosis in the suckling rat.
17  individually
(9 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
GRP (3 times)
HR (2 times)
AUD (1 time)
2005 Is the intensity of the highest fat oxidation at the lactate concentration of 2 mmol L(-1)? A comparison of two different exercise protocols.
18  indacaterol
(8 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(5 times)
GLY (5 times)
COPD (2 times)
FEV1 (2 times)
2014 Efficacy and safety of coadministration of once-daily indacaterol and glycopyrronium versus indacaterol alone in COPD patients: the GLOW6 study.
19  indeterminate colitis
(6 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
CD (6 times)
UC (6 times)
IBD (5 times)
1995 Incidence of inflammatory bowel disease in southeastern Norway: evaluation of methods after 1 year of registration. Southeastern Norway IBD Study Group of Gastroenterologists.
20  induction
(6 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
CABG (2 times)
AKI (1 time)
ALF (1 time)
1988 Effects of anesthetic induction on myocardial function and metabolism: a comparison of fentanyl, sufentanil and alfentanil.
21  indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
BaP (3 times)
PAHs (3 times)
BbF (2 times)
1983 Experimental studies in rat lungs on the carcinogenicity and dose-response relationships of eight frequently occurring environmental polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.
22  indicator function
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
TMSC (3 times)
CORCONDIA (2 times)
PCA (2 times)
2006 Use of pseudo-sample extraction and the projection technique to estimate the chemical rank of three-way data arrays.
23  1,3-indanedione
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
5-MTN (1 time)
AIE (1 time)
DFO (1 time)
2012 Latent fingermark development on a range of porous substrates using ninhydrin analogs--a comparison with ninhydrin and 1,8-diazofluoren.
24  indacaterol maleate
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
GLY (3 times)
COPD (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2017 Indacaterol and glycopyrronium versus indacaterol on body plethysmography measurements in COPD-a randomised controlled study.
25  indeterminate form
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
FRA (2 times)
CARD (1 time)
CCC (1 time)
2010 Cytokine levels in serious cardiopathy of Chagas disease after in vitro stimulation with recombinant antigens from Trypanosoma cruzi.
26  individualised
(3 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
COL (1 time)
LOCO (1 time)
MAS (1 time)
2006 Assessment of implementation of a standardized parenteral formulation for early nutritional support of very preterm infants.
27  indomethacine
(3 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
ACh (1 time)
BN (1 time)
EDHF (1 time)
1988 [Immunosuppressive effect of culture supernatant derived from decidual cell rich fraction].
28  indoximod
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ICD (3 times)
DOX (2 times)
IDO (2 times)
2017 Nano-enabled pancreas cancer immunotherapy using immunogenic cell death and reversing immunosuppression.
29  intranasal delivery
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
BBB (2 times)
CED (1 time)
2010 Telomerase inhibitors for the treatment of brain tumors and the potential of intranasal delivery.
30  Intranasal diamorphine
(3 times)
Emergency Medicine
(2 times)
AE (1 time)
GCS (1 time)
IVM (1 time)
2009 Intranasal diamorphine for acute sickle cell pain.
31  indefinite
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
BE (2 times)
LGD (2 times)
CRC (1 time)
2001 Reproducibility of the diagnosis of dysplasia in Barrett esophagus: a reaffirmation.
32  indeterminate clinical form
(2 times)
Immune System Diseases
(1 time)
CARD (1 time)
CARD/DIG (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2009 Clinical and laboratory status of patients with chronic Chagas disease living in a vector-controlled area in Minas Gerais, Brazil, before and nine years after aetiological treatment.
33  indeterminate phase
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
T2W (2 times)
CHD (1 time)
CMR (1 time)
2005 Myocardial delayed enhancement by magnetic resonance imaging in patients with Chagas' disease: a marker of disease severity.
34  Indian grass monoculture
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BER (2 times)
NWSG (2 times)
MIX (1 time)
2015 The effect of feeding native warm-season grasses during the stocker phase on meat composition, quality characteristics, and sensory properties of loin steaks from forage-finished cattle.
35  indican
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
ALN (1 time)
ARO (1 time)
Aus (1 time)
1988 Improved reagent for detection of allantoin in thin-layer chromatographic method for urine stains on foods and packaging.
36  Indicator
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
ADV 123 (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CAPH (1 time)
2010 Plaque removal efficacy of power and manual toothbrushes: a comparative study.
37  indigenous
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
DR (1 time)
Hb (1 time)
LR (1 time)
1983 Haemoglobin values and some biochemical parameters of different breeds and sexes of pigs in a tropical humid environment.
38  indirect
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
CIC (1 time)
CLTI (1 time)
DIR (1 time)
2010 Anti-polymorphonuclear neutrophil antibodies in patients with leukopenia or neutropenia.
39  individual pens
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AL (2 times)
FA (2 times)
HO (2 times)
2015 Rearing system and oleic acid supplementation effect on carcass and lipid characteristics of two muscles from an obese pig breed.
40  individual-bird basis
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
GRP (2 times)
RFI (1 time)
SRFI (1 time)
2009 Characterization of energetic efficiency in adult broiler breeder hens.
41  industry
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
CRD (1 time)
2003 Water-soluble phosphorus in fresh broiler litter is dependent upon phosphorus concentration fed but not on fungal phytase supplementation.
42  indwelling catheter
(2 times)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
SCI (2 times)
BWF (1 time)
CIC (1 time)
1987 Bacteriuria with fever after spinal cord injury.
43  inflammatory diseases of the nervous system
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
NIND (2 times)
CSF (1 time)
ICAM-1 (1 time)
1993 Serum and CSF levels of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in inflammatory neurologic diseases.
44  internuclear distance
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
rc (1 time)
Rs (1 time)
1978 Screening of membrane surface charges by divalent cations: an atomic representation.
45  ischemic neuronal damage
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
--- 1998 Hu23F2G, an antibody recognizing the leukocyte CD11/CD18 integrin, reduces injury in a rabbit model of transient focal cerebral ischemia.
46  2-(5-methoxy-2-methyl-1H-indol-3-yl)-N'-((E)-(3-nitrophenyl) methylidene)acetohydrazide
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BSA (1 time)
COX (1 time)
SFS (1 time)
2019 Molecular docking and experimental investigation of new indole derivative cyclooxygenase inhibitor to probe its binding mechanism with bovine serum albumin.
47  did not display either a direct virucidal effect on VSV
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Mode of antiviral activity of water soluble components isolated from Elfvingia applanata on vesicular stomatitis virus.
48  Identity Narrative Density
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
IdN (1 time)
2017 Identity Narrative Density: Preliminary findings from scoring emotional valence of autobiographical events.
49  image distortion
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
LR (1 time)
NSS (1 time)
2015 Objective Quality Assessment of Interpolated Natural Images.
50  image negative disease
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
GEP-NETs (1 time)
IPD (1 time)
SINETs (1 time)
2019 NETest liquid biopsy is diagnostic of small intestine and pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors and correlates with imaging.
51  images, standard deviation ratio of HCCs correlated directly with VEGF
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
GRE (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
2006 Expression of vascular endothelial growth factor in hepatocellular carcinoma and the surrounding liver: correlation with MR imaging and angiographically assisted CT.
52  Immediate neurodeficit
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CSFD (1 time)
GFR (1 time)
TAAA (1 time)
2015 A Quarter Century of Organ Protection in Open Thoracoabdominal Repair.
53  Immigration and Naturalisation Service
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2004 [Radiography of the medial ends of the clavicles by the method of the Dutch Immigration and Naturalisation Service is unsuitable for determining adulthood].
54  immunotherapy with antithymocyte antibody preparations
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
PHTS (1 time)
1999 Induction immunotherapy in pediatric heart transplant recipients: a multicenter study.
55  implantable neuromodulation device
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ICD (1 time)
SCS (1 time)
2011 ICD and neuromodulation devices: is peaceful coexistence possible?
56  in vitro when reconstituted with N-RNA
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
--- 1984 Specific interactions of vesicular stomatitis virus L and NS proteins with heterologous genome ribonucleoprotein template lead to mRNA synthesis in vitro.
57  incision and drainage
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 2015 Pediatric Patient and Hospital Characteristics Associated With Treatment of Peritonsillar Abscess and Peritonsillar Cellulitis.
58  included as the control group A
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CARD1 (1 time)
MFI (1 time)
2018 Alternative Th17 and CD4+ CD25+ FoxP3+ cell frequencies increase and correlate with worse cardiac function in Chagas cardiomyopathy.
59  including its subclinical presentation
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
T2W (2 times)
CMR (1 time)
CPD (1 time)
2015 Myocardial tissue characterization in Chagas' heart disease by cardiovascular magnetic resonance.
60  Inconsistent and Negative Discipline
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
APQ (1 time)
PMS (1 time)
PPP (1 time)
2011 Psychometric analysis of the Catalan version of the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire (APQ) in a community sample.
61  IND than DON, with C
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
DON (1 time)
UFTs (1 time)
2007 A quantitative review of tebuconazole effect on fusarium head blight and deoxynivalenol content in wheat.
62  IND, with a C
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
DON (1 time)
2008 Efficacy of triazole-based fungicides for fusarium head blight and deoxynivalenol control in wheat: a multivariate meta-analysis.
63  IND-Sol
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
O/W (1 time)
W/O (1 time)
2008 Permeation studies of indomethacin from different emulsions for nasal delivery and their possible anti-inflammatory effects.
64  indacrinone
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
EA (1 time)
HCTZ (1 time)
1984 Renal actions of a uricosuric diuretic, racemic indacrinone, in man: comparison with ethacrynic acid and hydrochlorothiazide.
65  indan
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
BCB (1 time)
TET (1 time)
2015 Infrared and Raman spectra and theoretical calculations for benzocyclobutane in its electronic ground state.
66  indandione
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
A-pi-A (1 time)
DCIND (1 time)
MAL (1 time)
2017 n-Channel Organic Semiconductors Derived from Air-Stable Four-Coordinate Boron Complexes of Substituted Thienylthiazoles.
67  indapamide drug
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
BDS (1 time)
DFT (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
2013 Molecular dynamics, physical stability and solubility advantage from amorphous indapamide drug.
68  indatraline
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ASO (1 time)
DA (1 time)
DR (1 time)
2018 Selective alpha-Synuclein Knockdown in Monoamine Neurons by Intranasal Oligonucleotide Delivery: Potential Therapy for Parkinson's Disease.
69  indatraline hydrochloride
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CPZ (1 time)
CQ (1 time)
FPZ (1 time)
2016 A cell-based quantitative high-throughput image screening identified novel autophagy modulators.
70  indefinite GCV prophylaxis
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
BOS (1 time)
CMV (1 time)
GCV (1 time)
2008 Ganciclovir for cytomegalovirus: a call for indefinite prophylaxis in lung transplantation.
71  INDEHISCENT gene
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 2013 Identification and characterization of a homologue to the Arabidopsis INDEHISCENT gene in common Bean.
72  independent breath algorithm
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2019 The "independent breath" algorithm: assessment of oxygen uptake during exercise.
73  independent county implementation strategy
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CDT (1 time)
MTFC (1 time)
SIC (1 time)
2014 Evaluation of two implementation strategies in 51 child county public service systems in two states: results of a cluster randomized head-to-head implementation trial.
74  independent depression
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
SID (2 times)
OR (1 time)
PAR (1 time)
2014 Substance-induced depression and independent depression in proximal risk for suicidal behavior.
75  independent functional status
(1 time)
Surgical Instruments
(1 time)
DEP (1 time)
2019 Preoperative Functional Status Predicts Increased Morbidity Following Total Knee Arthroplasty.
76  Independent New Drug
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
CBER (1 time)
EVPOME (1 time)
FDA (1 time)
2004 Development of a tissue-engineered human oral mucosa: from the bench to the bed side.
77  independently of sequence variability
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
VARY (1 time)
1998 Is instrumental variability abnormally high in children exhibiting ADHD and aggressive behavior?
78  indeterminate Chagas disease
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
STEC (1 time)
2019 A Parasite Biomarker Set for Evaluating Benznidazole Treatment Efficacy in Patients with Chronic Asymptomatic Trypanosoma cruzi Infection.
79  indeterminate form group
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
CD (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
2016 Cardiac Magnetic Resonance-Verified Myocardial Fibrosis in Chagas Disease: Clinical Correlates and Risk Stratification.
80  indeterminate form of disease
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CARD (1 time)
IL-10 (1 time)
PBMC (1 time)
2003 Evidence that development of severe cardiomyopathy in human Chagas' disease is due to a Th1-specific immune response.
81  indeterminate leprosy
(1 time)
Mycobacterium Infections
(1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2017 Analysis of a novel multiplex polymerase chain reaction assay as a sensitive tool for the diagnosis of indeterminate and tuberculoid forms of leprosy.
82  indeterminate or asymptomatic
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
CARDa (1 time)
HA (1 time)
Se (1 time)
2002 Progressive Chagas' cardiomyopathy is associated with low selenium levels.
83  index of HCCs showed a moderate inverse correlation with VEGF
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
GRE (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
2006 Expression of vascular endothelial growth factor in hepatocellular carcinoma and the surrounding liver: correlation with MR imaging and angiographically assisted CT.
84  indexes were correlated with VEGF
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
CNRs (1 time)
GRE (1 time)
VEGF (1 time)
2005 Expression of vascular endothelial growth factor in hepatocellular carcinoma and the surrounding liver and correlation with MRI findings.
85  Indexing Initiative
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2000 The NLM Indexing Initiative.
86  Indiana serotype, VSV
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Mode of antiviral activity of water soluble components isolated from Elfvingia applanata on vesicular stomatitis virus.
87  indicated
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ELC (1 time)
FLS (1 time)
iPPROM (1 time)
2017 Preterm delivery after fetoscopic laser surgery for twin-twin transfusion syndrome: etiology and risk factors.
88  Indications
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 1999 Cardioscopy: potential applications and benefit in cardiac surgery.
89  indicative neurologic disease
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
1991 Trends and survival for AIDS patients presenting with indicative neurologic diseases.
90  indicator T cells
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1983 Enterically induced regulation of systemic immune responses. II. Suppression of proliferating T cells by an Lyt-1+, 2- T effector cell.
91  Indigo naturalis
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
OXA (1 time)
2017 Indigo Naturalis Ameliorates Oxazolone-Induced Dermatitis but Aggravates Colitis by Changing the Composition of Gut Microflora.
92  indirect aggression
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
PHL (1 time)
PHM (1 time)
VL (1 time)
2012 Correlation of aggressiveness and anxiety in fighting sports.
93  indirect heating
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
DSI (1 time)
HTST (1 time)
UP (1 time)
2017 The influence of ultra-pasteurization by indirect heating versus direct steam injection on skim and 2% fat milks.
94  indirectly experiencing the stimulus-rich surroundings
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CTR (1 time)
DIR (1 time)
ENR (1 time)
2015 Only watching others making their experiences is insufficient to enhance adult neurogenesis and water maze performance in mice.
95  Individual and group SPM training were given to first group
(1 time)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
GRP (1 time)
SPM (1 time)
2001 Effectiveness of two different sensory-integration programmes for children with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy.
96  individual atlas image
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
AVG (1 time)
MUL (1 time)
SI (1 time)
2004 Evaluation of atlas selection strategies for atlas-based image segmentation with application to confocal microscopy images of bee brains.
97  Individual ICD programming
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ATP (1 time)
CI (1 time)
ICD (1 time)
2018 Defensive Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Programming Is Safe and Reduces Inappropriate Therapy - Comparison of 3 Programming Strategies in 1,471 Patients.
98  Individual Implementation
(1 time)
Adolescent
(1 time)
COINS (1 time)
MTFC (1 time)
SIC (1 time)
2014 The Cost of Implementing New Strategies (COINS): A Method for Mapping Implementation Resources Using the Stages of Implementation Completion.
99  individual ligation
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
Py (1 time)
SSP (1 time)
1996 Trauma pneumonectomy revisited: the role of simultaneously stapled pneumonectomy.
100  individual plant positions
(1 time)
AGB (1 time)
GIS (1 time)
PC (1 time)
2013 Plant traits with different dimensions of shrubs represent different spatial patterns and plant-to-plant interactions in a temperate desert.