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Abbreviation: INF
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Long forms: 148

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
interferon
(266 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(26 times)
IL (110 times)
TNF (67 times)
HCV (16 times)
1981 Influence of interferon on poke weed mitogen triggered Ig-secretion by human lymphocytes in vitro.
infliximab
(64 times)
Rheumatology
(23 times)
ADA (23 times)
ETA (16 times)
RA (16 times)
2004 The safety and efficacy of leflunomide in combination with infliximab in rheumatoid arthritis.
infection
(31 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(6 times)
AR (3 times)
BAL (3 times)
BOS (2 times)
1975 Epidemiologic features of cerebrovascular disease in Manitoba: incidence by age, sex and residence, with etiologic implications.
infected
(25 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
PI (3 times)
UN (3 times)
CP (2 times)
1976 Altered hepatic glycogen metabolism and glucoregulatory hormones during sepsis.
intranasal fentanyl
(21 times)
Emergency Medicine
(12 times)
ED (6 times)
IQR (3 times)
CI (2 times)
2007 A randomized controlled trial of intranasal fentanyl vs intravenous morphine for analgesia in the prehospital setting.
infiltrative growth pattern
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
ESCC (2 times)
ESD (2 times)
OS (2 times)
1995 Histologic grade and cellular proliferation at the deepest invasive portion correlate with the high malignancy of submucosal invasive gastric carcinoma.
inflammation
(14 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
AI (1 time)
AL (1 time)
AN (1 time)
1993 Placebo-controlled, double-blind, cross-over trial of glutathione therapy in male infertility.
infraspinatus
(14 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
SM (3 times)
Del (2 times)
TER (2 times)
2005 Feasibility of the use of a novel soft tissue stiffness meter.
infiltration
(13 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
bp (2 times)
HCC (2 times)
NEC (2 times)
1978 Evaluation of chemotherapeutic effects on gastric cancer in relation to the histological pattern.
10  interferon-alpha
(12 times)
Urology
(3 times)
HCV (4 times)
AML (1 time)
ATRA (1 time)
1987 [A combined treatment of interferon-alpha, 8 MHz radiofrequency hyperthermia and/or irradiation in a patient with advanced renal cancer].
11  infundibulum
(11 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
GnRH (2 times)
PR (2 times)
AMP (1 time)
1979 The effect of estrogen withdrawal upon the tubal epithelium of immature ovariectomized rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta) pretreated with estradiol dipropionate.
12  interferon-gamma
(10 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
IL (4 times)
TNF (3 times)
TNF-alpha (3 times)
1992 Regulation and subcellular location of nitrogen oxide synthases in RAW264.7 macrophages.
13  isolated nodal failure
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
NSCLC (5 times)
ENI (4 times)
OS (4 times)
2007 Limited Field Radiotherapy Concomitant with Cisplatin/Etoposide Followed by Consolidation Docetaxel for the Treatment of Inoperable Stage III Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.
14  inferior
(9 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ANT (5 times)
POST (3 times)
SUP (3 times)
1980 The value of exercise electrocardiography and exercise thallium-201 myocardial perfusion scanning in determining the presence of single vessel coronary artery obstruction.
15  infiltration pattern
(9 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
ly (2 times)
SqCC (2 times)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
2006 [A clinical study of renal pelvic and ureteral cancer].
16  inflammatory
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
FA (3 times)
AA/EPA (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1994 Quantitative cellular and nuclear volumetric alterations in epithelium from lichen planus lesions of human buccal mucosa.
17  infundibular nucleus
(7 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
IR (4 times)
NKB (3 times)
GnRH (2 times)
2001 Orexin (hypocretin)-like immunoreactivity in the cat hypothalamus: a light and electron microscopic study.
18  initial nonfunction
(7 times)
Transplantation
(4 times)
ATN (1 time)
EC (1 time)
HTK (1 time)
1993 Initial nonfunction in cadaveric renal transplantation.
19  infiltrative growth
(6 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
PCNA (2 times)
BE (1 time)
du (1 time)
1984 [Clinicopathological studies on carcinoma of the pancreas with special reference to pathological factors affecting the prognosis and lymph node involvement].
20  gamma-interferon
(5 times)
Virology
(2 times)
AcPase (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
HK (1 time)
1990 A comparative study on the activation of J-774 macrophage-like cells by gamma-interferon, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and lipopeptide RP-56142: ability to kill intracellularly multiplying Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium avium.
21  infarcted
(5 times)
Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
MI (2 times)
ISP (1 time)
LVF (1 time)
1984 Acute uptake and chronic retention of infarct avid myocardial-seeking agents: 99Tcm-pyrophosphate and 125I-phenylphosphate.
22  information
(5 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
GS (3 times)
QCN (3 times)
QCM (2 times)
2000 Predictors of satisfaction with surgical treatment.
23  infundibular nuclear complex
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
VIP (5 times)
PRL (4 times)
DA (2 times)
1989 Alterations in hypothalamic vasoactive intestinal peptide-like immunoreactivity are associated with reproduction and prolactin release in the female turkey.
24  alpha-interferon
(4 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
Ca (1 time)
CML (1 time)
HCV (1 time)
1989 Hypoparathyroidism during alpha-INF therapy in a patient with multiple myeloma.
25  infarct size
(4 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
MI/R (2 times)
AAR (1 time)
eNOS (1 time)
2006 Inhibition of TNF-alpha reduces myocardial injury and proinflammatory pathways following ischemia-reperfusion in the dog.
26  infected individuals
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
UN (2 times)
CTRL (1 time)
END (1 time)
1988 Cell-mediated immune responses in human infection with Onchocerca volvulus.
27  infertility
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
ANA (1 time)
anti-beta2GPI (1 time)
CHUS (1 time)
1995 Systemic CD56+ cells can predict pregnancy outcome.
28  influenza virus
(4 times)
Virology
(1 time)
RSV (3 times)
HPIV (2 times)
AdV (1 time)
2014 Viral etiology of acute lower respiratory tract infections in hospitalized young children in a children's referral hospital in Iran.
29  Infrequency
(4 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
NIM (3 times)
PAI (3 times)
ANT (1 time)
2007 Relationships among victoria symptom validity test indices and personality assessment inventory validity scales in a large clinical sample.
30  infusions
(4 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
i.p (2 times)
CRF (1 time)
HD (1 time)
1991 Effect of constant infusion of oxytocin on luteal lifespan and oxytocin-induced release of prostaglandin F2 alpha in heifers.
31  infarct
(3 times)
Brain
(2 times)
CBF (1 time)
CBV (1 time)
DW (1 time)
2001 Usefulness of magnetic resonance-derived quantitative measurements of cerebral blood flow and volume in prediction of infarct growth in hyperacute stroke.
32  infectious diseases
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ANCA (2 times)
CSF (2 times)
MS (2 times)
1987 Cerebrospinal fluid cells in multiple sclerosis and other neurological diseases: an immunocytochemical study.
33  influenza
(3 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ADN (1 time)
ARIs (1 time)
CMV (1 time)
1977 Studies of viral antibody responses among Amish families.
34  2b-interferon
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
FSH (1 time)
HCL (1 time)
LH (1 time)
1987 Gonadal and sexual function in male patients with hairy cell leukemia: lack of adverse effects of recombinant alpha 2-interferon treatment.
35  endophyte-infected fescue seed
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
BROMO (1 time)
PRL (1 time)
2016 Consumption of endophyte-infected fescue seed during the dry period does not decrease milk production in the following lactation.
36  fungus-infected
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
FF (2 times)
FI (1 time)
HR (1 time)
1985 Effects of feeding Kentucky 31 tall fescue seed infected with acremonium coenophialum to laboratory rats.
37  infected patients
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
CDM (1 time)
CLInf (1 time)
EN (1 time)
1996 Defective production of interleukin 2 in patients with Chagas' disease. Purified IL-2 augments in vitro response in patients with chagasic cardiomyopathy.
38  infected with H. contortus
(2 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
DRH (2 times)
IRH (2 times)
WEC (1 time)
2011 Voluntary feed intake and diet selection of Merino sheep divergently selected for genetic difference in resistance to Haemonchus contortus.
39  infectiveness
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
EF (2 times)
PsyTAR (2 times)
SSIs (2 times)
2019 A systematic approach for developing a corpus of patient reported adverse drug events: A case study for SSRI and SNRI medications.
40  infiltrate
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
EO (2 times)
SG (1 time)
2003 A clinical trial of the effect of a mouth-rinse prepared with Lippia sidoides Cham essential oil in dogs with mild gingival disease.
41  inflammatory lesions
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
AAH (1 time)
BAC (1 time)
BEN (1 time)
2002 [Pathologic/high-resolution CT correlation of focal lung lesions 5 mm or less in diameter: detection and identification by multidetector-row CT].
42  infliximab reference product
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
PK (2 times)
ACR20 (1 time)
ADA (1 time)
2015 A Randomized, Phase I Pharmacokinetic Study Comparing SB2 and Infliximab Reference Product (Remicade()) in Healthy Subjects.
43  inflorescence
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
APX (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
GR (1 time)
2011 Chloroplasts and mitochondria have multiple heat tolerant isozymes of SOD and APX in leaf and inflorescence in Chenopodium album.
44  influencer
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
CART (1 time)
IG (1 time)
IND (1 time)
2016 Social influence protects collective decision making from equality bias.
45  influent
(2 times)
Technology
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
EFF (1 time)
MDR (1 time)
2015 Antimicrobial resistance of Pseudomonas spp. isolated from wastewater and wastewater-impacted marine coastal zone.
46  information nucleus flock
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
EOA (1 time)
MOA (1 time)
Sheep CRC (1 time)
2014 Effect of branched-chain fatty acids, 3-methylindole and 4-methylphenol on consumer sensory scores of grilled lamb meat.
47  infrahyoid
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
MS (2 times)
SUB (2 times)
sEMG (1 time)
2007 Swallowing before and after tonsillectomy as evaluated by surface electromyography.
48  infundibular
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
GC (1 time)
I.V.A.I (1 time)
1977 Effects of glycerol on turkey sperm cell viability and fertilizing capacity.
49  inorganic fertilizers
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CWEN (1 time)
DVI (1 time)
EVI (1 time)
2019 Soil health indicators impacted by long-term cattle manure and inorganic fertilizer application in a corn-soybean rotation of South Dakota.
50  integrated nuclear fluorescence
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
SPRF (1 time)
1996 Cytometry with DAPI-stained tumor imprints. A reliable tool for improved intraoperative analysis of lung neoplasms.
51  Integrative Network Fusion
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
FS (1 time)
juXT (1 time)
LSVM (1 time)
2018 Multi-omics integration for neuroblastoma clinical endpoint prediction.
52  interference
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CRT (1 time)
HHcy (1 time)
ICD (1 time)
2010 Interference of remote magnetic catheter navigation and ablation with implanted devices for pacing and defibrillation.
53  interferon alpha-2b
(2 times)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
HCV (1 time)
Peg INF (1 time)
1996 Phase I-II trial of recombinant interferon alpha-2b with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil in recurrent and/or metastatic carcinoma of head and neck.
54  International Nepal Fellowship
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
MDT (1 time)
PFR (1 time)
2005 Transformation of a leprosy hospital in Nepal into a rehabilitation centre: the Green Pastures Hospital experience.
55  interventricular fluid infusion
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
CCI (2 times)
ULA (2 times)
SRoRs (1 time)
2014 The upper limit of cerebral blood flow autoregulation is decreased with elevations in intracranial pressure.
56  pre-inflammatory cytokines interferon
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
ARB (1 time)
DCD (1 time)
2007 CX3CR1 receptor is up-regulated in monocytes of coronary artery diseased patients: impact of pre-inflammatory stimuli and renin-angiotensin system modulators.
57  Fe-inefficient
(1 time)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
dw (1 time)
EF (1 time)
RH (1 time)
2014 High relative air humidity influences mineral accumulation and growth in iron deficient soybean plants.
58  filarial-infected patients
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
CICs (1 time)
2011 Heightened measures of immune complex and complement function and immune complex-mediated granulocyte activation in human lymphatic filariasis.
59  flea-infested
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
FSJs (1 time)
NINF (1 time)
2006 An introduced generalist parasite, the sticktight flea (Echidnophaga gallinacea), and its pathology in the threatened Florida scrub-jay (Aphelocoma coerulescens).
60  implantation of an Escherichia coli-containing
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1995 Impact of infection on hepatic disposal of a peripheral glucose infusion in the conscious dog.
61  importance of AER measurements to predict F
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
AER (1 time)
2009 Determinants of Indoor and Personal Exposure to PM(2.5) of Indoor and Outdoor Origin during the RIOPA Study.
62  incidence of transfer to the other steers
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
--- 1984 Development and transmission of psoroptic mange of cattle in feed lots in endemic and non-endemic regions.
63  incubation of H
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2000 Cytochrome P450 inactivation by serum from humans with a viral infection and serum from rabbits with a turpentine-induced inflammation: the role of cytokines.
64  Indian non-filter
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
IFK (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2004 Evaluation of DNA damage in mice topically exposed to total particulate matter from mainstream and sidestream smoke from cigarettes and bidis.
65  Indometacin farnesil
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
DMARD (1 time)
IND (1 time)
RA (1 time)
1999 Inhibition of human B cell activation by a novel nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, indometacin famesil.
66  industrial nitrogen fixation
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
BNF (1 time)
WUE (1 time)
2018 Crops, Nitrogen, Water: Are Legumes Friend, Foe, or Misunderstood Ally?
67  infant formula
(1 time)
PLSR (1 time)
RS (1 time)
2020 Investigation of Raman Spectroscopy (with Fiber Optic Probe) and Chemometric Data Analysis for the Determination of Mineral Content in Aqueous Infant Formula.
68  infant formula powder
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AAS (1 time)
Ca (1 time)
CV (1 time)
2020 Quantification of calcium in infant formula using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS), Fourier transform mid-infrared (FT-IR) and Raman spectroscopy combined with chemometrics including data fusion.
69  infantry
(1 time)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
PARAs (1 time)
RMCs (1 time)
2010 Mental health among commando, airborne and other UK infantry personnel.
70  infants
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1996 Neurodevelopment, growth, and viral load in HIV-infected infants.
71  Infarcted tissue
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
HCPs (1 time)
TTC (1 time)
2007 Washout of heme-containing proteins dramatically improves tetrazolium-based infarct staining.
72  infarction by left coronary ligation
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Thyroid function disturbance and type 3 iodothyronine deiodinase induction after myocardial infarction in rats a time course study.
73  infarction model
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
POL (1 time)
1998 The renin-aldosterone axis in two models of reduced renal mass in the rat.
74  infarction of brain
(1 time)
Tryptophan
(1 time)
CO (1 time)
EAA (1 time)
GD (1 time)
2012 Kynurenic Acid Metabolism in Various Types of Brain Pathology in HIV-1 Infected Patients.
75  infected and untreated
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
B100 plus C100 (1 time)
BZ (1 time)
ChD (1 time)
2016 Curcumin Enhances the Anti-Trypanosoma cruzi Activity of Benznidazole-Based Chemotherapy in Acute Experimental Chagas Disease.
76  Infected animals
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
CON (1 time)
IL (1 time)
NONSURV (1 time)
2000 Peritoneal cytokine concentrations and survival outcome in an experimental bacterial infusion model of peritonitis.
77  infected but not treated group
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CON (1 time)
DIM (1 time)
INFDIM (1 time)
2018 Effects of Trypanosoma brucei brucei infection and diminazene aceturate administration on the blood pressure, heart rate, and temperature of Wistar albino rats.
78  infected dogs
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CVL (1 time)
NI (1 time)
PPFP (1 time)
2007 Clinical value of anti-Leishmania (Leishmania) chagasi IgG titers detected by flow cytometry to distinguish infected from vaccinated dogs.
79  infected mice not subjected to stress
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
ACT (1 time)
Con A (1 time)
CS (1 time)
1999 Cold stress-induced modulation of cell immunity during acute Toxoplasma gondii infection in mice.
80  infected patients with subclinical pathology
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
EN (1 time)
MAP (1 time)
2011 Filarial lymphatic pathology reflects augmented toll-like receptor-mediated, mitogen-activated protein kinase-mediated proinflammatory cytokine production.
81  Infected patients without evidence of heart pathology
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CDM (1 time)
1993 Cell mediated immune response in patients with Chagas. Correlation with the presence of Chagasic cardiomyopathy.
82  infected persons
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
EXP (1 time)
NC (1 time)
1983 Non-specific suppression of antigen-induced lymphocyte blastogenesis in Onchocerca volvulus infection in man.
83  infected with Onchocerca volvulus
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
PI (1 time)
1995 Immunoglobulin kappa chain allotypes (KM) in onchocerciasis.
84  infection variable
(1 time)
Wounds and Injuries
(1 time)
--- 2020 The dose-dependent relationship between blood transfusions and infections after trauma: A population-based study.
85  infection with T. gondii
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
IECs (1 time)
p.i (1 time)
2011 Regulation of chemokine responses in intestinal epithelial cells by stress and Toxoplasma gondii infection.
86  infection without heart disease
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
CDM (1 time)
PPD (1 time)
TT (1 time)
1991 Cell mediated immunity in Chagas' disease. Trypanosoma cruzi antigens induce suppression of the in vitro proliferative response of mononuclear cells.
87  infective
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
CVS (1 time)
LE (1 time)
RESP (1 time)
2020 The decomposition of gain in life expectancy in Tuscany Region (Central Italy) for age-group and cause of death.
88  inferior angle
(1 time)
Musculoskeletal Diseases
(1 time)
ICC (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2017 Measurement of scapular medial border and inferior angle prominence using a novel scapulometer: A reliability and validitystudy.
89  inferior frontal
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
ROIs (1 time)
SPF (1 time)
2009 White matter and neurocognitive changes in adults with chronic traumatic brain injury.
90  inferior heads
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
Ac (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
LPt (1 time)
2000 EMG activities of two heads of the human lateral pterygoid muscle in relation to mandibular condyle movement and biting force.
91  inferior turbinate
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
MBC (1 time)
PI (1 time)
PRB (1 time)
1994 Congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction in Kayseri, Turkey.
92  inferior wall
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
IBS (1 time)
PW (1 time)
2001 Dipyridamole stress ultrasonic myocardial tissue characterization in patients with Kawasaki disease.
93  inferior wall STEMI
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
AMI (1 time)
ANT (1 time)
PPCI (1 time)
2015 Primary PCI is associated with different cardiac autonomic patterns in relation to the site of myocardial infarction.
94  inferotemporal cortex
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AgNOR (1 time)
2002 Brain Ag-NOR activity in cholestatic rats with hepatic encephalopathy.
95  Infertile women during work-up
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
IVF (1 time)
MAT (1 time)
TUR (1 time)
1998 Attitudes of different groups of women in Sweden to oocyte donation and oocyte research.
96  infigratinib
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
PAH (1 time)
SIL (1 time)
2019 Effects of the FGF receptor-1 inhibitor, infigratinib, with or without sildenafil, in experimental pulmonary arterial hypertension.
97  infiltrating type
(1 time)
Antineoplastic Agents
(1 time)
HLI (1 time)
HP (1 time)
NEL (1 time)
1995 [A study on the relationship between clinicopathological findings of gastric cancer and its biological behavior such as DNA ploidy pattern and immunohistochemical staining of PCNA, laminin, p53 and nm 23].
98  infiltration group
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
IANB (1 time)
2020 Is it possible to extract lower third molars with infiltration anaesthesia techniques using articaine? A double-blind randomized clinical trial.
99  infiltration mode
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CAT (1 time)
SAT (1 time)
1984 [Histological classification and prognosis of mammary cancer-histological classification devised by the Japan Mammary Cancer Society and WHO classification].
100  infiltration style
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
ADC (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
ly (1 time)
2016 Apparent diffusion coefficient value for estimating clinicohistological factors in bladder cancer including infiltration style and lymphatic invasion.