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Abbreviation: INS
Appearance Frequency: 1892 time(s)
Long forms: 205

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
insulin
(667 times)
Endocrinology
(116 times)
GLU (72 times)
TG (49 times)
GH (42 times)
1975 Effect of insulin and lipolytic hormones on cyclic AMP phosphodieterase activity in normal and diabetic rat adipose tissue.
idiopathic nephrotic syndrome
(309 times)
Nephrology
(151 times)
FSGS (57 times)
MCD (33 times)
SRNS (19 times)
1974 Normal glomerular permeability and its modification by minimal change nephrotic syndrmone.
inelastic neutron scattering
(177 times)
Chemistry
(111 times)
DFT (13 times)
T-R (9 times)
IR (6 times)
1994 Inelastic neutron-scattering study of the proton transfer dynamics in polyglycine I at 20 K.
inertial navigation system
(100 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(84 times)
GPS (23 times)
GNSS (21 times)
IMU (17 times)
2009 An Artificial Neural Network Embedded Position and Orientation Determination Algorithm for Low Cost MEMS INS/GPS Integrated Sensors.
insulin gene
(88 times)
Endocrinology
(37 times)
VNTR (30 times)
IDDM (9 times)
MODY (4 times)
1985 Chromosome mapping of genes on the short arm of human chromosome 11: parathyroid hormone gene is at 11p15 together with the genes for insulin, c-Harvey-ras 1, and beta-hemoglobin.
infantile nystagmus syndrome
(75 times)
Ophthalmology
(58 times)
LFD (6 times)
OMS (5 times)
bel (4 times)
2002 Clinical and ocular motor analysis of the infantile nystagmus syndrome in the first 6 months of life.
intranasal corticosteroids
(37 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(14 times)
AR (24 times)
FP (5 times)
SAR (4 times)
2000 Do intranasal corticosteroids affect childhood growth?
Infrared neural stimulation
(35 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(11 times)
ICC (3 times)
SGNs (2 times)
ABRs (1 time)
2009 Combined optical and electrical stimulation of neural tissue in vivo.
insula
(21 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
ACC (5 times)
fMRI (4 times)
SMA (4 times)
2007 Brain activity related to temporal summation of C-fiber evoked pain.
10  intranasal steroids
(19 times)
Otolaryngology
(6 times)
AR (8 times)
ARS (2 times)
CRS (2 times)
2004 Techniques of intranasal steroid use.
11  insular cortex
(14 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
AD (2 times)
Glu (2 times)
MFG (2 times)
1975 The association connexions of the suprasylvian fringe (SF) and other areas of the cat auditory cortex.
12  Immigration and Naturalization Service
(12 times)
Public Health
(7 times)
ESA (2 times)
ETA (2 times)
ACET (1 time)
1984 Epidemic of gynecomastia among illegal Haitian entrants.
13  Infusion Nurses Society
(9 times)
Nursing
(6 times)
AAP (2 times)
ACCP (2 times)
ASCCA (2 times)
2002 Infusion Nurses Society Position Paper.
14  insomnia
(9 times)
Psychophysiology
(7 times)
QOL (2 times)
RLS (2 times)
SDB (2 times)
2000 Prevalence of sleep disturbance and hypnotic medication use in relation to sociodemographic factors in the general Japanese adult population.
15  Instituto Nacional de Salud
(9 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
DST (1 time)
HAART (1 time)
IDEA (1 time)
1984 [Epidemiologic study of contact sensitivity from 1980 to 1982 in Costa Rica].
16  insulinoma
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
CHOP (2 times)
CSCs (2 times)
ER (2 times)
2004 Free fatty acids and cytokines induce pancreatic beta-cell apoptosis by different mechanisms: role of nuclear factor-kappaB and endoplasmic reticulum stress.
17  International Neuromodulation Society
(7 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
NACC (7 times)
CRPS (1 time)
DRG (1 time)
2014 The appropriate use of neurostimulation of the spinal cord and peripheral nervous system for the treatment of chronic pain and ischemic diseases: the Neuromodulation Appropriateness Consensus Committee.
18  interpersonal neural synchronization
(7 times)
Science
(2 times)
fNIRS (4 times)
TPJ (3 times)
IFG (2 times)
2015 Leader emergence through interpersonal neural synchronization.
19  Intravenous Nurses Society
(7 times)
Nursing
(7 times)
LRH (1 time)
PICCs (1 time)
1989 Lake Region Hospital: case study in rural hospital intravenous therapy updating.
20  interpersonal negotiation strategies
(6 times)
Brain
(2 times)
self (2 times)
TBI (2 times)
ADC (1 time)
1993 Developmental models of social cognition in assessing psychosocial adjustments in head injury.
21  insomnia sufferers
(5 times)
Psychophysiology
(4 times)
GS (5 times)
SE (2 times)
TST (2 times)
2009 Is quality of sleep related to the N1 and P2 ERPs in chronic psychophysiological insomnia sufferers?
22  Institute of Health
(5 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
API (1 time)
ARVT (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2002 [Indirect immunofluorescence as a supplementary test for confirming HIV-1 infection: the experience of the National Institute of Health, 1993-2000].
23  insulin concentration
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
AMP (1 time)
BC (1 time)
BCS (1 time)
1991 [Relation between milk production and biochemical indicators in high- and low-producing cows].
24  insulin treatment
(5 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
CON (2 times)
DM (2 times)
BiP (1 time)
2004 Myostatin expression is not altered by insulin deficiency and replacement in streptozotocin-diabetic rat skeletal muscles.
25  International Neuropsychological Society
(5 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
NAN (2 times)
AACN (1 time)
APA (1 time)
1995 Carpe societatem: a substantive debriefing for the INS member.
26  implantable neurostimulator
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CCS (1 time)
DBS (1 time)
EEI (1 time)
2010 Towards a Switched-Capacitor based Stimulator for efficient deep-brain stimulation.
27  informatics nurse specialists
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(4 times)
CIS (2 times)
IS (1 time)
1999 A model-based context assessment approach for the informatics nurse specialist consultant.
28  inseminations to conception
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
DO (4 times)
DFS (2 times)
IFL (2 times)
2006 Selection for female fertility using censored fertility traits and investigation of the relationship with milk production.
29  instability element
(4 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
HIV-1 (3 times)
lncRNAs (2 times)
miRNAs (1 time)
1997 Preferential binding of poly(A)-binding protein 1 to an inhibitory RNA element in the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gag mRNA.
30  islet autoantigens proinsulin
(4 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
CTB (3 times)
GAD (3 times)
NOD (3 times)
2005 An HIV-1 tat-autoantigen fusion protein suppresses insulitis in NOD mice.
31  idiopathic NS
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
NS (3 times)
CNS (1 time)
PACAP (1 time)
2011 Steroid response pattern and outcome of pediatric idiopathic nephrotic syndrome: a single-center experience in northwest Iran.
32  individual nutrition survey
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
HBS (3 times)
2001 Compatibility of household budget and individual nutrition surveys: results of the preliminary analysis.
33  Inelastic neutron spectroscopy
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
QENS (1 time)
SANS (1 time)
SESANS (1 time)
2004 The nature of the surface species formed on Au/TiO2 during the reaction of H2 and O2: an inelastic neutron scattering study.
34  inhibitory sequences
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
FVIII (1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
RRE (1 time)
1995 Development and analysis of retroviral vectors expressing human factor VIII as a potential gene therapy for hemophilia A.
35  initial nasal step
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
IPFS (3 times)
IOP (2 times)
DH (1 time)
2011 Initial parafoveal versus peripheral scotomas in glaucoma: risk factors and visual field characteristics.
36  inosine
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ADS (2 times)
ANBP (2 times)
Hyp (2 times)
1990 [Microdialysis study of release of adenine nucleotide breakdown products into the intercellular space of the myocardium in ischemia and reperfusion].
37  inspiration
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
EXP (3 times)
COPD (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2000 Reversal of the pattern of respiratory variation of Doppler inflow velocities in constrictive pericarditis during mechanical ventilation.
38  institutionalised
(3 times)
Geriatrics
(3 times)
FL (3 times)
2002 Energy intakes of institutionalised and free-living older people.
39  insufflation
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
DTH (2 times)
POD (2 times)
A/C (1 time)
1999 Delayed-type hypersensitivity response is better preserved in mice following insufflation than after laparotomy.
40  insulin levels
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
FBG (2 times)
AD (1 time)
GDM (1 time)
2007 Effect of Siraitia grosvenorii polysaccharide on glucose and lipid of diabetic rabbits induced by feeding high fat/high sucrose chow.
41  insulin-secreting
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
ATP/ADP (1 time)
CML (1 time)
UCP (1 time)
2004 Novel regulation by Rac1 of glucose- and forskolin-induced insulin secretion in INS-1 beta-cells.
42  insulin-treated
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ALS (2 times)
CAD (1 time)
EDD (1 time)
1999 Abnormal biopterin metabolism is a major cause of impaired endothelium-dependent relaxation through nitric oxide/O2- imbalance in insulin-resistant rat aorta.
43  inward nonselective cation current
(3 times)
Brain
(2 times)
AIF (1 time)
1995 Mg2+-dependent phosphatase as an inhibitory mediator of the nonselective cation current induced by aluminum fluoride in guinea-pig chromaffin cells.
44  ipsilateral neurologic symptoms
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CI (2 times)
DUS (2 times)
HR (2 times)
2013 Progression of asymptomatic carotid stenosis despite optimal medical therapy.
45  idiopathic minimal-change nephrotic syndrome
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CGN (1 time)
Con A (1 time)
LDL (1 time)
1975 Serum immunoglobulins in the nephrotic syndrome. A possible cause of minimal-change nephrotic syndrome.
46  idiopathic nephrotic syndrome of childhood
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
GN (1 time)
sIL-2R (1 time)
1978 Urinary acidic hydrolases in renal diseases in children.
47  in-situ nanosuspension
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
CsA (1 time)
MS (1 time)
PDI (1 time)
2013 Ocular delivery systems for poorly soluble drugs: an in-vivo evaluation.
48  incoherent neutron scattering
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
DRS (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
Mb (1 time)
2004 Identification of surface states on finely divided supported palladium catalysts by means of inelastic incoherent neutron scattering.
49  indole synthase
(2 times)
Botany
(2 times)
cTP (1 time)
IAA (1 time)
IGL (1 time)
2008 Arabidopsis indole synthase, a homolog of tryptophan synthase alpha, is an enzyme involved in the Trp-independent indole-containing metabolite biosynthesis.
50  inelastic
(2 times)
Physics
(1 time)
ILL (1 time)
QE (1 time)
2001 Photoinduced dynamics in a photosensitive side chain polymeric liquid crystal by quasielastic and inelastic neutron scattering.
51  inelastic neutron scattering spectrum
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
DFT (1 time)
2005 Polymorphism of crystalline alpha-quaterthiophene and alpha-sexithiophene: ab initio analysis and comparison with inelastic neutron scattering response.
52  infantile nephrotic syndrome
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
CNS (2 times)
FSGS (1 time)
1991 Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis associated with infantile spasms in five mentally retarded children: a morphological analysis on mesangiolysis.
53  infected non-shedder
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
IS (2 times)
MAP (2 times)
IGRA (1 time)
2016 A longitudinal study of the Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis infection status in young goats and their mothers.
54  insertion allele
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
apoB (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
HLA (1 time)
1997 Genetic variation of the apolipoprotein B gene in Korean patients with coronary artery disease.
55  insertion domain
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ProRS (2 times)
2002 Functional role of the prokaryotic proline-tRNA synthetase insertion domain in amino acid editing.
56  instability
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
hnRNP (2 times)
DCS (1 time)
RRE (1 time)
1999 Synergistic stimulation of HIV-1 rev-dependent export of unspliced mRNA to the cytoplasm by hnRNP A1.
57  Institute
(2 times)
Social Medicine
(1 time)
DHS-MICS (1 time)
2006 Use of a national reporting system for occupational injuries in Costa Rica.
58  insufficiency
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
BMR (1 time)
CABG (1 time)
2006 Functional assessment of coronary grafts on dobutamine pharmacological stress echocardiogram.
59  insulin alone
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CLI (1 time)
D-OM (1 time)
DC (1 time)
2010 Insulin use is associated with poor limb salvage and survival in diabetic patients with chronic limb ischemia.
60  insulin, AUC
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
ET (1 time)
glu (1 time)
2008 Metabolic and cardiopulmonary effects of detraining after a structured exercise training programme in young PCOS women.
61  insulin-gene region
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
IDDM (1 time)
1992 Insulin gene region-encoded susceptibility to type 1 diabetes is not restricted to HLA-DR4-positive individuals.
62  Intensive nutrition support
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CCRT (1 time)
PEG (1 time)
2013 Dietician-delivered intensive nutritional support is associated with a decrease in severe postoperative complications after surgery in patients with esophageal cancer.
63  inter-subject neural synchrony
(2 times)
Nervous System Diseases
(2 times)
BA8 (1 time)
dmPFC (1 time)
fNIRS (1 time)
2016 NIRS-Based Hyperscanning Reveals Inter-brain Neural Synchronization during Cooperative Jenga Game with Face-to-Face Communication.
64  intercostal nerve stimulation
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
PC (1 time)
PSPs (1 time)
1983 Intercostal and abdominal muscle afferent influence on pneumotaxic center respiratory neurons.
65  Internodal segment
(2 times)
Botany
(2 times)
PSE (1 time)
SE (1 time)
2004 Somatic embryogenesis in Solanum tuberosum L.: a histological examination of key developmental stages.
66  intestinal neosphincter
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
EEA (1 time)
ICV (1 time)
S-NVA (1 time)
1994 [An intestinal neosphincter attained by circumscribed muscle proliferation. Technical development and functional evaluation in the dog].
67  into nanospheres
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
--- 2015 Surface functional modification of self-assembled insulin nanospheres for improving intestinal absorption.
68  intracutaneous nerve stimulation
(2 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
--- 1989 Relief of low back pain in labor by using intracutaneous nerve stimulation (INS) with sterile water papules.
69  intranasal
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
IM (1 time)
2015 Comparison of intranasal and intramuscular ketamine-midazolam combination in cats.
70  Intraoperative electrical nerve stimulation
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
IPSS (2 times)
RUV (2 times)
DF (1 time)
2015 Effect of intra-operative autonomic nerve stimulation on pelvic nerve preservation during radical laparoscopic proctectomy.
71  intraoperative electrical stimulation of pelvic autonomic nerves
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
PANP (2 times)
IPSS (1 time)
Qol (1 time)
2007 Intraoperative electrostimulation objectifies the assessment of functional nerve preservation after mesorectal excision.
72  intraoperative neurostimulation
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
NDI (2 times)
MTPs (1 time)
PANP (1 time)
2007 Male urogenital function after confirmed nerve-sparing total mesorectal excision with dissection in front of Denonvilliers' fascia.
73  Israel National Study
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
ALL (2 times)
BFM (2 times)
CNS (2 times)
2000 Effective preventive central nervous system therapy with extended triple intrathecal therapy and the modified ALL-BFM 86 chemotherapy program in an enlarged non-high risk group of children and adolescents with non-B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia: the Israel National Study report.
74  1-isothiocyano-4-naphthalene sulfonic acid, sodium salt, monohydrate
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
IBS (1 time)
INDS (1 time)
1978 Kinetic analysis of the inhibition of sulfate transport in human red blood cells by isothiocyanates.
75  AIF-induced nonselective cation current
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
AIF (1 time)
NS (1 time)
1996 Fluctuation analysis of nonselective cation currents induced by AIF complex in guinea-pig chromaffin cells.
76  end-inspiration
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
Exp (1 time)
MID (1 time)
2012 Breath-hold CT attenuation correction for quantitative cardiac SPECT.
77  I (f) traces evoked by consecutive hyperpolarization, the I
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2006 The enhancement of HCN channel instantaneous current facilitated by slow deactivation is regulated by intracellular chloride concentration.
78  Icelandic Nutritional Survey
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 1998 Approximal caries and sugar consumption in Icelandic teenagers.
79  Idiopathic change nephrotic syndrome
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Immunopathogenesis of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome with relapse.
80  idiopathic glomerular disease associated with nephrotic syndrome
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
FSGS (1 time)
MCD (1 time)
2007 Cyclosporin in idiopathic glomerular disease associated with the nephrotic syndrome : workshop recommendations.
81  Idiopathic steroid sensitive nephrotic syndrome
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
IgG (1 time)
UCHL1 (1 time)
2018 Autoantibodies against podocytic UCHL1 are associated with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome relapses and induce proteinuria in mice.
82  IGT group, only the correlations with log
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
HOMA (1 time)
IGT (1 time)
QUICKI (1 time)
2004 Comparison of simple indices of insulin sensitivity using the euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp technique.
83  imaging negative stroke code
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
ICH (1 time)
IPS (1 time)
mRS (1 time)
2014 Imaging negative stroke: diagnoses and outcomes in intravenous tissue plasminogen activator-treated patients.
84  imipenem-nonsusceptible
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Risk factors for imipenem-nonsusceptible Acinetobacter nosocomialis bloodstream infection.
85  Immediate neonatal surgery
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2002 [Immediate neonatal surgery: initial experience in gastroschisis and omphalocele treatment in Northwestern Mexico].
86  in-situ
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
RV (1 time)
1987 The evolution of morphologic and biomechanical changes in reversed and in-situ vein grafts.
87  including the Ala-specific editing domain
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Pro (2 times)
ProRSs (1 time)
2014 Distinct tRNA recognition strategies used by a homologous family of editing domains prevent mistranslation.
88  incompressible Navier-Stokes
(1 time)
Physics
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
EDAC (1 time)
KRLNS (1 time)
2013 Entropically damped form of artificial compressibility for explicit simulation of incompressible flow.
89  index of the neutrophil stimulation
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
CML (1 time)
PBL (1 time)
SLM (1 time)
1991 [Effect of proper-myl on humoral interactions between activated lymphocytes and neutrophils in patients with myeloproliferative diseases].
90  Indians
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CHS (1 time)
GWASs (1 time)
LD (1 time)
2013 Patterns of linkage disequilibrium of LRRK2 across different races: implications for genetic association studies.
91  indices were positively correlated with total cholesterol, triglycerides, log
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
GLU (1 time)
2003 Association of anthropometric measures with risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease in Hispanic and Caucasian adolescents.
92  indigenous N supply
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
IKS (1 time)
IPS (1 time)
LTFE (1 time)
2005 Studies on nutrient uptake of rice and characteristics of soil microorganisms in a long-term fertilization experiments for irrigated rice.
93  Indigenous Nursing Support
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
USQ (1 time)
2014 An Aboriginal nurse-led working model for success in graduating Indigenous Australian nurses.
94  Individual niche specialization
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2015 Factors affecting individual foraging specialization and temporal diet stability across the range of a large "generalist" apex predator.
95  individualized nutritional supplementation
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
AIIMS (1 time)
NW (1 time)
2018 Nordic walking training and nutritional supplementation in pre-frail older Indians: an open-labelled experimental pre-test and post-test pilot study to develop intervention model.
96  industry sludge
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ADS (1 time)
2013 Adsorption behavior of hydrothermally treated municipal sludge & pulp and paper industry sludge.
97  inertial navigation solution
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
GNSS (1 time)
IMUs (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
2018 Spoofing Detection Using GNSS/INS/Odometer Coupling for Vehicular Navigation.
98  infected not supplemented
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
Hb (1 time)
NINS (1 time)
PCV (1 time)
2015 The beneficial effect of dietary zinc supplementation on anaemia and immunosuppression in Trypanosoma brucei infected rats.
99  infectious nonself
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
NIS (1 time)
SLE (1 time)
2008 Lupus nephritis: the central role of nucleosomes revealed.
100  infertile males with normal spermiogram
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
ART (1 time)
AZ (1 time)
IVF (1 time)
2015 Copy number variation and microdeletions of the Y chromosome linked genes and loci across different categories of Indian infertile males.