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Abbreviation: IO
Appearance Frequency: 1627 time(s)
Long forms: 253

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
inferior olive
(294 times)
Neurology
(108 times)
SO (32 times)
IR (19 times)
PCs (18 times)
1976 The climbing fibers of the cerebellar cortex, their origin and pathways in cat.
intraosseous
(239 times)
Emergency Medicine
(101 times)
CPR (9 times)
i.v (9 times)
ROSC (9 times)
0 A Pilot Study of Four Intraosseous Blood Transfusion Strategies.
internal oblique
(138 times)
Physical Medicine
(30 times)
EO (84 times)
TrA (68 times)
RA (43 times)
1988 Measurement of the trunk musculature of active males using CT scan radiography: implications for force and moment generating capacity about the L4/L5 joint.
input-output
(78 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(14 times)
TMS (10 times)
LTP (5 times)
MEP (5 times)
1981 Bistability and thresholding by a new photoconductor-twisted nematic liquid crystal device with optical feedback.
iron overload
(69 times)
Hematology
(29 times)
MDS (10 times)
SF (9 times)
HSCT (8 times)
1994 The effect of iron overload on rat plasma and liver oxidant status in vivo.
iron oxide
(43 times)
Nanotechnology
(15 times)
MRI (8 times)
NPs (8 times)
DOX (4 times)
2004 Iron oxide nanoparticles as magnetic resonance contrast agent for tumor imaging via folate receptor-targeted delivery.
immuno-oncology
(40 times)
Neoplasms
(24 times)
NSCLC (6 times)
OS (4 times)
TME (4 times)
2015 Exploring the potential of immuno-oncology-based treatment for patients with non-small cell lung cancer.
intestinal obstruction
(37 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
Bt (10 times)
MLN (4 times)
DTPA (2 times)
1989 [Factors involved in bacterial translocation in an experimental model of intestinal obstruction].
infraorbital
(31 times)
Neurology
(16 times)
HRP (7 times)
SO (3 times)
DY (2 times)
1983 Central projections of the normal and 'regenerate' infraorbital nerve in adult rats subjected to neonatal unilateral infraorbital lesions: a transganglionic horseradish peroxidase study.
10  inside-out
(28 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
OI (7 times)
PCL (6 times)
RO (4 times)
1977 Roles of proteins from inner face of plasma membranes in susceptibility of of (Na+ + K+)-stimulated Mg2+ adenosinetriphosphatase to ouabain.
11  intraoperative
(27 times)
General Surgery
(10 times)
PO (4 times)
MMC (3 times)
OR (3 times)
1979 Crystalloid vs. colloid resuscitation: is one better? A randomized clinical study.
12  intraoral
(27 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(9 times)
IM (5 times)
i.g (2 times)
i.p (2 times)
1977 A plastic intraoral device for the collection of human parotid saliva.
13  idiopathic osteosclerosis
(25 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
CO (4 times)
BMD (3 times)
BMI (1 time)
1980 Fat necrosis of osteocytes as a causative factor in idiopathic osteonecrosis in heritable hyperlipemic rabbits.
14  inferior olivary nucleus
(24 times)
Brain
(6 times)
Amb (3 times)
HRP (3 times)
NTS (3 times)
1984 Olivocerebellar projections to paramedian lobule in tree shrew (Tupaia glis): a horseradish peroxidase study.
15  inverse opal
(24 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
PEC (5 times)
ALD (2 times)
PS (2 times)
2009 Hybrid surface-enhanced Raman scattering substrate from gold nanoparticle and photonic crystal: maneuverability and uniformity of Raman spectra.
16  inferior oblique muscle
(23 times)
Ophthalmology
(11 times)
IR (5 times)
EO (4 times)
SO (3 times)
1977 Contractile and histochemical properties of the inferior oblique muscle in the rat and in the cat.
17  integrative oncology
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
CAM (3 times)
CIM (2 times)
CM (2 times)
2012 The Western model of integrative oncology: the contribution of Chinese medicine.
18  ideal observer
(13 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
MCMC (4 times)
ROC (4 times)
IO-MM (3 times)
2003 Contrast threshold of a brisk-transient ganglion cell in vitro.
19  infant orthopedics
(13 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
UCLP (9 times)
NAM (2 times)
BCLP (1 time)
2001 A randomised prospective clinical trial into the effect of infant orthopaedics on maxillary arch dimensions in unilateral cleft lip and palate (Dutchcleft).
20  Indian Ocean
(12 times)
Science
(5 times)
CESM-LE (1 time)
CHIKV (1 time)
CMGs (1 time)
2008 [Aedes albopictus, vector of chikungunya and dengue viruses in Reunion Island: biology and control].
21  immunotherapy
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
NSCLC (3 times)
OS (3 times)
PFS (3 times)
2018 Predicting outcomes in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer enrolled in early phase immunotherapy trials.
22  interventional oncology
(10 times)
Radiology
(6 times)
IR (2 times)
AASLD (1 time)
BCLC (1 time)
2010 Utilization of interventional oncology treatments in the United States.
23  integrated optics
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
RI (2 times)
EFA (1 time)
MAFL (1 time)
1996 Integrated optical NIR-evanescent wave absorbance sensorfor chemical analysis.
24  internal oblique abdominis
(8 times)
Physical Therapy Modalities
(4 times)
EO (7 times)
TrA (4 times)
EMG (3 times)
2013 Effects of the pelvic rotatory control method on abdominal muscle activity and the pelvic rotation during active straight leg raising.
25  intraosseous access
(8 times)
Emergency Medicine
(7 times)
HEMS (2 times)
ED (1 time)
ERC (1 time)
2009 [Preclinical use of intraosseous access (IO) in adults: literature review and case reports].
26  idiopathic oligozoospermia
(7 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(6 times)
3 alpha-diol G (1 time)
3beta-HSD (1 time)
AURC (1 time)
1986 Idiopathic oligospermia and peripheral androgen metabolism.
27  inverse optimization
(7 times)
Radiotherapy
(4 times)
GO (4 times)
HDR (3 times)
DVHs (2 times)
2005 Evaluation of anatomy-based dwell position and inverse optimization in high-dose-rate brachytherapy of prostate cancer: a dosimetric comparison to a conventional cylindrical dwell position, geometric optimization, and dose-point optimization.
28  iodine monoxide
(7 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
BrO (1 time)
FT (1 time)
LIF (1 time)
2006 The reaction of IO with CH3SCH3: products and temperature dependent rate coefficients by laser induced fluorescence.
29  indirect ophthalmoscopy
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
VIO (2 times)
FOV (1 time)
LED (1 time)
2001 Use of optical coherence tomography (OCT) and indirect ophthalmoscopy in the diagnosis of macular edema in diabetic patients.
30  inferior olivary complex
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
PC (2 times)
CA (1 time)
CF (1 time)
1981 Comparative anatomy of the distribution of catecholamines within the inferior olivary complex from teleosts to primates.
31  Inotuzumab ozogamicin
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
ALL (3 times)
OS (2 times)
B-ALL (1 time)
2013 Feasibility of allografting in patients with advanced acute lymphoblastic leukemia after salvage therapy with inotuzumab ozogamicin.
32  internal opening
(6 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
PE (2 times)
AC (1 time)
AS (1 time)
2009 [Importance of physical examination and imaging techniques in the diagnosis of anorectal fistulae].
33  investor-owned
(6 times)
Health Services
(3 times)
NFP (4 times)
GNF (1 time)
LOH (1 time)
1985 Analysis of length-of-stay differences between investor-owned and voluntary hospitals.
34  iodine overlay
(6 times)
Radiology
(5 times)
DECT (3 times)
TNC (2 times)
VNC (2 times)
2010 Performance of dual-energy CT with tin filter technology for the discrimination of renal cysts and enhancing masses.
35  isthmo-optic
(6 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
ION (2 times)
AR (1 time)
HA (1 time)
1987 A Golgi study of the isthmic nuclei in the pigeon (Columba livia).
36  indirubin-3'-oxime
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
AhR (2 times)
6BIO (1 time)
CDK2 (1 time)
2004 Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor indirubin-3'-oxime selectively inhibits human papillomavirus type 16 E7-induced numerical centrosome anomalies.
37  indium oxide
(5 times)
Occupational Medicine
(2 times)
ITO (3 times)
MLN (1 time)
XPS (1 time)
2007 Surface composition and electrical and electrochemical properties of freshly deposited and acid-etched indium tin oxide electrodes.
38  inflow occlusion
(5 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
CPB (2 times)
ET (1 time)
HTBF (1 time)
1998 Difference in hepatic tissue oxygenation between total vascular exclusion and inflow occlusion of the liver and the possible role of hepatic venous blood under liver ischemia.
39  infusion
(5 times)
Military Medicine
(2 times)
CAAE (1 time)
rFVIIa (1 time)
1988 Pediatric intraosseous infusions: impact on vascular access time.
40  injection
(5 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
PO (3 times)
IANB (2 times)
ABI (1 time)
2000 Myeloma progenitors in the blood of patients with aggressive or minimal disease: engraftment and self-renewal of primary human myeloma in the bone marrow of NOD SCID mice.
41  iodized oil
(5 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
HIFU (1 time)
IA (1 time)
IgG (1 time)
1986 Thyroid growth immunoglobulins in large multinodular endemic goiters: effect of iodized oil.
42  isoimperatorin
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
IM (3 times)
AM (1 time)
EI (1 time)
2001 Identification and determination of active components in Angelica dahurica Benth and its medicinal preparation by capillary electrophoresis.
43  Inonotus obliquus
(4 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
LIOP (2 times)
ACR (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2007 Anti-complementary Activities of Exo- and Endo-biopolymer Produced by Submerged Mycelial Culture of Eight Different Mushrooms.
44  institutional official
(4 times)
Laboratory Animal Science
(4 times)
IACUC (3 times)
ACUP (1 time)
AV (1 time)
2007 Training strategies for IACUC members and the institutional official.
45  internal abdominal oblique
(4 times)
Muscles
(1 time)
EO (3 times)
RA (3 times)
EMG (2 times)
2001 Abdominal muscle activity during the abdominal hollowing manoeuvre in the four point kneeling and prone positions.
46  internal os
(4 times)
Obstetrics
(3 times)
CIC (1 time)
CL (1 time)
EO (1 time)
2011 First-trimester uterine scar assessment by transvaginal ultrasound.
47  in-office
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
AH (1 time)
BA (1 time)
BSD (1 time)
2012 Long-term efficacy of in-office and at-home bleaching: a 2-year double-blind randomized clinical trial.
48  inattention/overactivity
(3 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
AG (1 time)
CTRS-39 (1 time)
EM (1 time)
1989 The differential validity of teacher ratings of inattention/overactivity and aggression.
49  Indo-Oceanic
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
EAI (3 times)
EA (2 times)
EuA (2 times)
2013 Genotype diversity of Mycobacterium isolates from children in Jimma, Ethiopia.
50  indoor-outdoor
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BMS (1 time)
DT (1 time)
GBM (1 time)
2005 Indoor and outdoor concentrations of ultrafine particles in some Scandinavian rural and urban areas.
51  Information/Orientation
(3 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
CAMDEX (1 time)
MMSE (1 time)
1991 The prevalence of dementia in a total population: a comparison of two screening instruments.
52  input and output
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
GPU (1 time)
IEGs (1 time)
PLS (1 time)
2010 Central cross-talk in task switching: Evidence from manipulating input-output modality compatibility.
53  interface offset
(3 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
DN (1 time)
Fen 10-A35 (1 time)
G-CSF (1 time)
1993 Plateletpheresis: comparison of platelet yields, processing time, and white cell content with two apheresis systems.
54  intermediate open
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AAO (1 time)
AO (1 time)
EO (1 time)
2014 The subgenual organ complex in the cave cricket Troglophilus neglectus (Orthoptera: Rhaphidophoridae): comparative innervation and sensory evolution.
55  intramembranous ossification
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
EO (2 times)
ACI (1 time)
EDOP (1 time)
2014 A potential translational approach for bone tissue engineering through endochondral ossification.
56  iron oxide nanoparticles
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BBN (1 time)
BC-NAHis-GC nanoparticles (1 time)
ELR (1 time)
2010 Prostate cancer-targeted imaging using magnetofluorescent polymeric nanoparticles functionalized with bombesin.
57  iso-octane
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AFM (1 time)
CD (1 time)
EOl (1 time)
2007 Site-specific hydration status of an amphipathic peptide in AOT reverse micelles.
58  isolated oligohydramnios
(3 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
AF (2 times)
AFV (1 time)
MH (1 time)
2009 Practice patterns in the management of isolated oligohydramnios: a survey of perinatologists.
59  imagery only
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
IE (2 times)
2009 A question of intention in motor imagery.
60  imino-oxo
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AO (2 times)
AH (1 time)
2013 Photochemistry and photophysics of the amino and imino tautomers of 1-methylcytosine: tautomerisation as a side product of the radiationless decay.
61  immediate operative
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
FNOM (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
2007 Pediatric blunt abdominal injury: age is irrelevant and delayed operation is not detrimental.
62  inactive ovary
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
AO (1 time)
CL (1 time)
LPSC (1 time)
1982 Auto and heterotransplantation of the ovary to the uterus or parotid region in beef cows and prepuberal heifers.
63  independent observer
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 2011 Parenting Practices of Anxious and Non-Anxious Mothers: A Multi-method Multi-informant Approach.
64  Indicator organisms
(2 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
MST (1 time)
2005 Persistence and differential survival of fecal indicator bacteria in subtropical waters and sediments.
65  indoor open
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
BT (1 time)
BW (1 time)
DCW (1 time)
2018 Observations on biotic parameters of Angora rabbit breed under controlled conditions in different housing systems.
66  induction of ovulation
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
IVF (1 time)
NA (1 time)
1975 The role of catecholamines in stimulating the release of pituitary ovulating hormone(s) in sheep.
67  inferior
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
HSD (1 time)
IP (1 time)
1983 Properties of cerebello-precerebellar reverberating circuits.
68  information
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
--- 1992 Learning alcohol tolerance by mental or physical practice.
69  information-only
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
POC (2 times)
AEP (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2016 Processes of change in preventing alcohol exposed pregnancy: A mediation analysis.
70  inguinal orchidopexy
(2 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
PPV (1 time)
SF (1 time)
SO (1 time)
2011 Scrotal fixation in the management of low undescended testes.
71  Initial observation
(2 times)
Urologic Diseases
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
LPRT (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2015 A hospital-based study of initial observation for low-risk prostate cancer and its predictors in the United States.
72  initial operation
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CRP (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
MPI (1 time)
2007 Follow-up costs up to 5 years after conventional treatments in patients with cartilage lesions of the knee.
73  innominate osteotomy
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
--- 1984 Innominate osteotomy in the management of residual congenital subluxation of the hip in young adults.
74  inorganic-organic
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
DLW (1 time)
MQW (1 time)
PL (1 time)
2014 In situ intercalation dynamics in inorganic-organic layered perovskite thin films.
75  input-output analysis
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ELV (1 time)
EOL (1 time)
IO-LCA (1 time)
2014 Direct and indirect generation of waste in the Spanish paper industry.
76  insight-oriented
(2 times)
Behavior Therapy
(1 time)
AO (2 times)
1999 Why, why, why?: Reason-giving and rumination as predictors of response to activation- and insight-oriented treatment rationales.
77  Institute of Oncology
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CE (1 time)
FNA (1 time)
PBDC (1 time)
2006 Performance of opportunistic breast cancer screening in Slovenia.
78  integer-order
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
FO (2 times)
AGC (1 time)
FA (1 time)
2014 Solution to automatic generation control problem using firefly algorithm optimized I(lamda)D() controller.
79  interceptive orthodontics
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
OBS (2 times)
PAR (2 times)
CO (1 time)
2010 Dental effects of interceptive orthodontic treatment in a Medicaid population: interim results from a randomized clinical trial.
80  internal oblique abdominal muscle
(2 times)
Exercise
(1 time)
EO (2 times)
TrA (2 times)
ADIM (1 time)
2013 What is a Suitable Pressure for the Abdominal Drawing-in Maneuver in the Supine Position Using a Pressure Biofeedback Unit?
81  internal occlusion
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CO (1 time)
CR (1 time)
EO (1 time)
1983 [Analysis of systemic hemodynamics in altered hydraulic resistance of the initial portion of the aorta].
82  International Organisations
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
EU (1 time)
IFRC (1 time)
IHR (1 time)
2007 [New global challenges: the role of international organizations].
83  intraommaya
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CNS (1 time)
CSI (1 time)
NB (1 time)
2008 Favorable response of intraommaya topotecan for leptomeningeal metastasis of neuroblastoma after intravenous route failure.
84  intraosseous route
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
HR (1 time)
IM (1 time)
2008 Comparison of intraosseous and intramuscular drug administration for induction of anaesthesia in domestic pigeons.
85  IObeta
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
dmcc (1 time)
2013 Maturation profile of inferior olivary neurons expressing ionotropic glutamate receptors in rats: role in coding linear accelerations.
86  ionophore
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
Ast-NSC (1 time)
BzATP (1 time)
CN (1 time)
2007 Enzymes as feed additive to aid in responses against Eimeria species in coccidia-vaccinated broilers fed corn-soybean meal diets with different protein levels.
87  iron-overloaded
(2 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
--- 2014 The bone marrow hematopoietic microenvironment is impaired in iron-overloaded mice.
88  ischemia only
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
IC (2 times)
MCAO (2 times)
hNSCs (1 time)
2010 Using a neodymium magnet to target delivery of ferumoxide-labeled human neural stem cells in a rat model of focal cerebral ischemia.
89  Ishige okamurae
(2 times)
Pharmaceutical Preparations
(1 time)
--- 2009 Anti-inflammatory effect of Ishige okamurae ethanolic extract via inhibition of NF-kappaB transcription factor in RAW 264.7 cells.
90  isolated office
(2 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
LV (2 times)
BP (1 time)
2001 Left ventricular changes in isolated office hypertension: a blood pressure-matched comparison with normotension and sustained hypertension.
91  isomalto-oligosaccharide
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
IO1 and IO2 (1 time)
2001 Effects of isomalto-oligosaccharides on bowel functions and indicators of nutritional status in constipated elderly men.
92  obliquus internus
(2 times)
Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
(1 time)
TrA (2 times)
CLBP (1 time)
EO (1 time)
2015 Changes in Activation of Abdominal Muscles at Selected Angles During Trunk Exercise by Using Ultrasonography.
93  osteogenesis imperfecta
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
1996 Osteopenia in children: CT assessment.
94  oxigenation index
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
CDH (1 time)
PPHN (1 time)
1999 [Inhaled nitric oxide in the treatment of persistent pulmonary hypertension in a newborn].
95  125I-iothalamate
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
CL (1 time)
ECV (1 time)
PD (1 time)
1996 Total clearance and extracellular volume with 125I-iothalamate in peritoneal dialysis.
96  ibrutinib + obinituzumab
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CLL (1 time)
IM (1 time)
IVO (1 time)
2019 Application of a Sequential Multiple Assignment Randomized Trial (SMART) Design in Older Patients with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia.
97  icosahedral order
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
IBDV (1 time)
2018 Why large icosahedral viruses need scaffolding proteins.
98  idarucizumab groups
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
i.v (1 time)
2018 Reversal of dabigatran by intraosseous or intravenous idarucizumab in a porcine polytrauma model.
99  if only
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
CEST (1 time)
NT (1 time)
1992 Irrational reactions to negative outcomes: evidence for two conceptual systems.
100  illicit opioid
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
PO (1 time)
2017 Opioid Misuse Trends in Treatment Seeking Populations: Revised Prescription Opioid Policy and Temporally Corresponding Changes.