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Abbreviation: IPA
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Long forms: 262

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Ingenuity Pathway Analysis
(683 times)
Neoplasms
(104 times)
GO (40 times)
DEGs (23 times)
miRNAs (22 times)
2005 RNA transcript profiling during zygotic gene activation in the preimplantation mouse embryo.
invasive pulmonary aspergillosis
(499 times)
Microbiology
(105 times)
BAL (67 times)
GM (66 times)
CT (36 times)
1985 Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in acute leukemia: characteristic findings on CT, the CT halo sign, and the role of CT in early diagnosis.
interpretative phenomenological analysis
(348 times)
Psychology
(82 times)
SCI (7 times)
CBT (5 times)
ms (5 times)
1999 Constructing sexual health: gay men and 'risk' in the context of a public sex environment.
isopropyl alcohol
(189 times)
Chemistry
(33 times)
CHG (14 times)
IPM (6 times)
EtOH (5 times)
1986 Efficacy of alcohol-based hand rinses under frequent-use conditions.
isopropanol
(109 times)
Chemistry
(24 times)
EtOH (7 times)
ACN (6 times)
HPLC (5 times)
1990 Percutaneous penetration of acyclovir through excised hairless mouse and rat skin: effect of vehicle and percutaneous penetration enhancer.
inhibition of platelet aggregation
(84 times)
Cardiology
(26 times)
ADP (12 times)
LD (12 times)
PCI (12 times)
2003 Impact of angina class on inhibition of platelet aggregation following clopidogrel loading in patients undergoing coronary intervention: do we need more aggressive dosing regimens in unstable angina?
independent practice association
(67 times)
Health Services
(25 times)
HMOs (15 times)
HMO (14 times)
FFS (8 times)
1982 Antitrust and health care: provider controlled health plans and the Maricopa decision.
International Pharmaceutical Abstracts
(58 times)
Pharmacy
(16 times)
RCTs (11 times)
CINAHL (10 times)
CI (5 times)
1979 Comparison of five information services as sources for bioavailability data.
intimate partner abuse
(43 times)
Violence
(11 times)
IPV (3 times)
GPs (2 times)
PTSD (2 times)
2000 Health status and health care use of Massachusetts women reporting partner abuse.
10  indole-3-propionic acid
(41 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
IAA (11 times)
IBA (6 times)
NAA (5 times)
1978 Effect of tryptophan analogs on derepression of the Escherichia coli tryptophan operon by indole-3-propionic acid.
11  intrapulmonary arteries
(38 times)
Physiology
(15 times)
HPV (7 times)
EPA (4 times)
SNP (4 times)
1975 NE and ACh responses of intrapulmonary vessels from dog, swine, sheep, and man.
12  immunoperoxidase assay
(35 times)
Virology
(6 times)
CMV (4 times)
EBV (4 times)
ELISA (4 times)
1982 Detection of virus-specific IgA antibodies in serum of kidney transplant patients with recurrent cytomegalovirus infection by enzymeimmuno and radioimmunoassay techniques.
13  Impact on Participation and Autonomy
(35 times)
Rehabilitation
(19 times)
HRQoL (4 times)
SCI (4 times)
HAL (3 times)
1999 The development of a handicap assessment questionnaire: the Impact on Participation and Autonomy (IPA).
14  indole-3-pyruvic acid
(33 times)
Botany
(8 times)
IAA (12 times)
Trp (5 times)
ILA (3 times)
1987 Biochemical and behavioural studies on indole-pyruvic acid: a keto-analogue of tryptophan.
15  inferior phrenic artery
(31 times)
Radiology
(18 times)
HCC (12 times)
TACE (4 times)
HCCs (2 times)
1992 A macroscopical study of the inferior phrenic artery of female rats, with reference to the embryological background of occurrence of the genital artery from this artery.
16  International Psychogeriatric Association
(27 times)
Psychiatry
(13 times)
ESPGHAN (2 times)
AD (1 time)
APSSEAR (1 time)
1989 [Readmission to International Pediatric Association: a review and perspective].
17  intimate partner aggression
(25 times)
Psychology
(14 times)
PTSD (5 times)
APIM (2 times)
PCA (2 times)
2008 Personality and intimate partner aggression in dating relationships: the role of the "Big Five".
18  isopropylamine
(25 times)
Toxicology
(10 times)
POEA (5 times)
DMA (3 times)
EA (3 times)
1975 Metabolism of n-propylamine, isopropylamine, and 1,3-propane diamine by Mycobacterium convolutum.
19  infundibulopelvic angle
(21 times)
Urology
(16 times)
IL (14 times)
IW (11 times)
RIRS (4 times)
2003 The impact of radiological anatomy in clearance of lower calyceal stones after shock wave lithotripsy in paediatric patients.
20  isophthalic acid
(21 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
TPA (11 times)
BA (3 times)
PA (3 times)
2001 [Determination of isophthalic acid in polyethylene glycol terephthalate fiber by high performance liquid chromatography].
21  immunoprecipitation assay
(20 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(6 times)
GD (3 times)
BTX-A (2 times)
ELISA (2 times)
1984 Direct and quantitative measurement by immunoprecipitation assay of anti-thyrotrophin receptor antibodies in sera of patients with Graves' disease.
22  Iliopsoas abscess
(19 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
PCD (3 times)
CCI (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
2004 Ilio-psoas abscess caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA): a rare but potentially dangerous condition in neonates.
23  internal pudendal artery
(18 times)
Urology
(8 times)
ED (6 times)
IGA (2 times)
IIA (2 times)
1988 Local suppressive effect of clonidine on penile erection in the dog.
24  ADP-induced platelet aggregation
(15 times)
Hematology
(6 times)
AA (4 times)
ADP (4 times)
TPA (4 times)
1995 [Effect of controlled hypotension using sodium nitroprusside on platelet aggregation].
25  ion pair amphiphile
(12 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
HTMA-DS (5 times)
DHDAB (3 times)
MD (3 times)
2001 Properties of the amphiphilic films in mixed cationic/anionic vesicles: a comprehensive view from a literature analysis.
26  individual practice association
(11 times)
Health Services
(7 times)
HMOs (4 times)
HMO (3 times)
MCO (2 times)
1980 Individual practice association (IPA) model health maintenance organization (HMOs).
27  isopentyl acetate
(10 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
DBU (1 time)
DMSO (1 time)
DS (1 time)
1992 Systemic and local toxicity in the rat of methyl tert-butyl ether: a gallstone dissolution agent.
28  immunoperoxidase antibody
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
DAS (1 time)
EE (1 time)
EM (1 time)
1980 Detection of antibody against transmissible gastroenteritis virus of pigs by indirect immunoperoxidase antibody test.
29  interference pattern analysis
(9 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
EMG (3 times)
DDFM (2 times)
AGHD (1 time)
2000 The utility of interference pattern analysis.
30  Impact on Participation and Autonomy questionnaire
(8 times)
Rehabilitation
(4 times)
MS (2 times)
SCI (2 times)
AT (1 time)
2006 Measuring autonomy in disabled people: Validation of a new scale in a UK population.
31  importance-performance analysis
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ANP (1 time)
DEMATEL (1 time)
KUMS (1 time)
2006 [Importance-Performance Analysis for services management].
32  interpleural analgesia
(8 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
VAS (4 times)
PCA (3 times)
ICB (2 times)
1991 Analgesia after thoracotomy in children: a comparison of interpleural, epidural, and intravenous analgesia.
33  invasive pituitary adenoma
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
nIPA (2 times)
CTA (1 time)
DPCR1 (1 time)
2008 Endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery for invasive pituitary adenoma.
34  indole-3-pyruvate
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
IAA (5 times)
Trp (3 times)
YUC (3 times)
2011 Conversion of tryptophan to indole-3-acetic acid by TRYPTOPHAN AMINOTRANSFERASES OF ARABIDOPSIS and YUCCAs in Arabidopsis.
35  ingenuity pathway
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ARVCF (1 time)
BMP10 (1 time)
CBHA (1 time)
2012 Pan-histone deacetylase inhibitors regulate signaling pathways involved in proliferative and pro-inflammatory mechanisms in H9c2 cells.
36  inherited paternal antigens
(6 times)
Chimerism
(2 times)
NIMA (3 times)
GVHD (2 times)
DTH (1 time)
2001 Pregnancy can induce long-persisting primed CTLs specific for inherited paternal HLA antigens.
37  insufficient physical activity
(6 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
CDRFSS (1 time)
DSP (1 time)
LE (1 time)
2013 The worldwide prevalence of insufficient physical activity in adolescents; a systematic review.
38  invasive pulmonary adenocarcinoma
(6 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
MIA (3 times)
CT (2 times)
GGNs (2 times)
2013 Invasive pulmonary adenocarcinomas versus preinvasive lesions appearing as ground-glass nodules: differentiation by using CT features.
39  ideal plant architecture
(5 times)
Science
(2 times)
IPA1 (1 time)
miRNA (1 time)
miRNAs (1 time)
2010 Regulation of OsSPL14 by OsmiR156 defines ideal plant architecture in rice.
40  Independent Physician Associations
(5 times)
Health Services
(2 times)
PHO (2 times)
CAM (1 time)
CEM (1 time)
1998 Trust me: technical and institutional determinants of health maintenance organizations shifting risk to physicians.
41  indophenylacetate
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
ACh (1 time)
AChE (1 time)
ATC (1 time)
1986 [Comparative sensitivity of 2 carboxylesterases from the reindeer liver to various inhibitors].
42  Ingenuity() Systems Pathway Analysis
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
DE (2 times)
PBL (2 times)
PBMCs (2 times)
2011 Genome-wide transcriptional profiling of peripheral blood leukocytes from cattle infected with Mycobacterium bovis reveals suppression of host immune genes.
43  intralobar pulmonary arteries
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
NE (4 times)
DMV (2 times)
PE (2 times)
1981 Adrenergic mechanisms in canine intralobar pulmonary arteries and veins.
44  invasive aspergillosis
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ABPA (2 times)
3'-RACE (1 time)
Afu (1 time)
2002 Protective roles of pulmonary surfactant proteins, SP-A and SP-D, against lung allergy and infection caused by Aspergillus fumigatus.
45  isopimaric acid
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
Ca (2 times)
4-HT (1 time)
BET (1 time)
1996 Isolation and characterization of isopimaric acid-degrading bacteria from a sequencing batch reactor.
46  idiopathic polyarthritis
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
SF (3 times)
CCL2 (1 time)
CCLR (1 time)
2006 C-reactive protein concentration in canine idiopathic polyarthritis.
47  image processing and analysis
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
HD (1 time)
IPA-REISD (1 time)
MC (1 time)
1996 Improving chimaerism quantification in bone marrow transplant recipients by image processing and analysis after restriction endonuclease in situ digestion (IPA-REISD).
48  immobilized penicillin G acylase
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
EG (2 times)
6-APA (1 time)
7-ACCA (1 time)
1980 [Penicillin amidase from E. coli. The determination of the ionization constants of the Michaelis complex ionogenic groups in the enzymatic deacylation reactions of the phenacetyl derivatives of phenylglycine and 7-aminodesacetoxychephalosporanic acid].
49  immunoperoxidase
(4 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
CMV (1 time)
HAV (1 time)
1985 Rapid detection of cytomegalovirus in cell culture by indirect immunoperoxidase staining with monoclonal antibody to an early nuclear antigen.
50  incidental physical activity
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
cpm (1 time)
CRF (1 time)
2011 Incidental physical activity is positively associated with cardiorespiratory fitness.
51  incontinentia pigmenti achromians
(4 times)
Brain
(1 time)
HI (1 time)
Ito (1 time)
1983 Incontinentia pigmenti achromians (Ito).
52  infrapyloric artery
(4 times)
Stomach Neoplasms
(3 times)
BMI (1 time)
ICG (1 time)
PPV (1 time)
2013 Anatomical basis of antropyloric transposition for fecal incontinence in humans: the infrapyloric approach.
53  intermittent pulse amperometry
(4 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
AFB1 (1 time)
ATP (1 time)
CV (1 time)
1995 A micro carbon electrode for nitric oxide monitoring.
54  interphalangeal angle
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
HVA (4 times)
IMA (4 times)
DFA (1 time)
2010 Radiographic analysis of metatarsus primus elevatus and hallux rigidus.
55  isophthalate
(4 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
1,5-DCD (1 time)
DRIFTS (1 time)
EMSA (1 time)
2002 Double-stranded helices and molecular zippers assembled from single-stranded coordination polymers directed by supramolecular interactions.
56  isopropylantipyrine
(4 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
4-NAP (1 time)
Ala (1 time)
AMP (1 time)
1978 Differential mutagenicity of reaction products of various pyrazolones with nitrite.
57  idiopathic premature adrenarche
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
CPP (1 time)
DHEA (1 time)
DP (1 time)
1991 3 alpha-Androstanediol glucuronide in premature and normal pubarche.
58  ifosfamide, cisplatin and doxorubicin
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
HB (3 times)
DFS (1 time)
LOH (1 time)
1997 Efficiency and toxicity of ifosfamide, cisplatin and doxorubicin in the treatment of childhood hepatoblastoma. Study Committee of the Cooperative Paediatric Liver Tumour Study HB89 of the German Society for Paediatric Oncology and Haematology.
59  ifosfamide, cisplatinum, adriamycin
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
GPOH (1 time)
PA-cont (1 time)
1992 [Therapy of malignant liver tumors in childhood. An intermediate report of the HB-89 multicenter study of the GPOH].
60  Iliopsoas muscle abscess
(3 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(2 times)
SLE (1 time)
2003 [Iliopsoas abscess and systemic lupus erythematosus].
61  immediate post-ablation
(3 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
FPA (2 times)
PreA (2 times)
3moPA (1 time)
2011 Dark regions of no-reflow on late gadolinium enhancement magnetic resonance imaging result in scar formation after atrial fibrillation ablation.
62  Impact Pathway Approach
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
ADBM (1 time)
FGD (1 time)
2001 Assessing health benefits of controlling air pollution from power generation: the case of a lignite-fired power plant in Thailand.
63  incomplete pedal arch
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
CPA (3 times)
APA (2 times)
DAR (2 times)
2013 The impact of arterial pedal arch quality and angiosome revascularization on foot tissue loss healing and infrapopliteal bypass outcome.
64  Index of Parental Attitudes
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
GID (1 time)
2007 Urban Hypertensive African American Grandparents: Stress, Health, and Implications of Child Care.
65  inpatient psychotherapy for adolescents
(3 times)
Personality Disorders
(1 time)
PDs (1 time)
2014 Long-term outcome of inpatient psychotherapy for adolescents (IPA) with personality pathology.
66  International Phonetic Alphabet
(3 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(3 times)
PCC (1 time)
PVC (1 time)
VoQS (1 time)
1991 The use of diacritics for visual articulatory behaviours.
67  intraparietal sulcus
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ASM (1 time)
aSPL (1 time)
LOC (1 time)
1998 Shape and roughness activate different somatosensory areas in the human brain.
68  inverted perturbation approach
(3 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
LIF-FTS (1 time)
1999 The RbCs X(1)Sigma(+) Ground Electronic State: New Spectroscopic Study.
69  iophenoxic acid
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
HSA (1 time)
ICP-MS (1 time)
1994 High-performance liquid chromatographic determination of iophenoxic acid in serum.
70  ipamorelin
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
BMC (1 time)
DXA (1 time)
GH (1 time)
1999 Methylprednisolone does not inhibit the release of growth hormone after intravenous injection of a novel growth hormone secretagogue in rats.
71  (HMX)-isopropanol
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ESP (1 time)
MSD (1 time)
RDF (1 time)
2017 Growth morphology of CL-20/HMX cocrystal explosive: insights from solvent behavior under different temperatures.
72  5-(N-methyl-N-isopropyl) amiloride
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DCB (1 time)
DMB (1 time)
IBA (1 time)
1988 Amiloride analogs stimulate protein phosphorylation and serotonin release in human platelets.
73  hexane-isopropanol
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
CLC (1 time)
DFT (1 time)
2009 Enantioseparation of amino acid amides on an (S)-N-(3,5-dinitrobenzoyl)leucine-N-phenyl-N-propylamide-bonded silica in normal phase CEC.
74  Ile-Pro-Ala
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
AP (1 time)
DPP-IV (1 time)
2011 The molecular mechanisms of interactions between bioactive peptides and angiotensin-converting enzyme.
75  imidazopyridinamine
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
A-TD (1 time)
MDR (1 time)
PPA (1 time)
2013 Discovery of Q203, a potent clinical candidate for the treatment of tuberculosis.
76  imipramine
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CBZ (1 time)
CIPA (1 time)
DIPA (1 time)
1989 Effect of lithium carbonate administration singly or in combination with some psychotropic drugs on the radioiodide uptake by mouse thyroid.
77  immunoperoxidase antibody technique
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CMV (2 times)
CF (1 time)
IFA (1 time)
1976 Immunoperoxidase technique for detection of antibodies to human cytomegalovirus.
78  implicit positive association
(2 times)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
SCT (2 times)
NSCT (1 time)
2010 Why we respond faster to the self than to others? An implicit positive association theory of self-advantage during implicit face recognition.
79  Important People and Activities
(2 times)
Methadone
(1 time)
COMBINE (1 time)
IPI (1 time)
MIPA (1 time)
2010 Network support as a prognostic indicator of drinking outcomes: the COMBINE Study.
80  in-patient admission
(2 times)
Medical Oncology
(1 time)
CKD (1 time)
EDP (1 time)
ER (1 time)
2014 Opening the black box: the impact of an oncology management program consisting of level I pathways and an outbound nurse call system.
81  incident polarization angle
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
DoLP (1 time)
SPI (1 time)
2006 Stokes polarimetry imaging of rat tail tissue in a turbid medium: degree of linear polarization image maps using incident linearly polarized light.
82  increase in palpebral aperture
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
BTX-A (2 times)
BOTOX (1 time)
2001 Botulinum-A toxin treatment of the lower eyelid improves infraorbital rhytides and widens the eye.
83  index of plaque attenuation
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
OCT (2 times)
FA (1 time)
NIRS-IVUS (1 time)
2016 Automated characterisation of lipid core plaques in vivo by quantitative optical coherence tomography tissue type imaging.
84  inducer of plasminogen activator
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
MIF (1 time)
PA (1 time)
1978 Production of migration inhibition factor (MIF) and an inducer of plasminogen activator (IPA) by subsets of T cells in MLC.
85  Infection Protection Act
(2 times)
Infection Control
(1 time)
MRO (1 time)
2011 Uniform documentation of measures in cases of MRSA - an important step towards improving the quality of treatment.
86  infrapopliteal arteries
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CLI (2 times)
AAC (1 time)
BK-Pop (1 time)
2014 Endovascular treatment of the infrapopliteal arteries in hemodialysis patients with critical limb ischemia: is it justified?
87  initial peak acceleration
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CV (2 times)
SMAs (2 times)
ATRs (1 time)
2007 Reproducibility of loading measurements with skin-mounted accelerometers during walking.
88  instrument for pre-accession
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
EMA (1 time)
ORV (1 time)
2010 Granting marketing authorisation for medicines in South East European countries: the point of view of the authority.
89  inter-peak amplitude
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
bSIM (1 time)
cVEMP (1 time)
IAD (1 time)
2015 Test-retest reliability of binaural simultaneous cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential recording.
90  Interaction Process Analysis
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
2004 Two traditions of interaction research.
91  interior point algorithm
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
GA (2 times)
ASA (1 time)
ODE (1 time)
2014 Nature inspired computational technique for the numerical solution of nonlinear singular boundary value problems arising in physiology.
92  interpattern association
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
IWM (1 time)
1990 Neural network model using interpattern association.
93  Interpositional arthroplasty
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
DO (1 time)
MD (1 time)
TEA (1 time)
2016 Treatment of Stiff Elbow in Young Patients with Interpositional Arthroplasty for Mobility: Case Series.
94  intimate partner abuse survivors
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
--- 2009 Exploring the meaning and role of spirituality for women survivors of intimate partner abuse.
95  intrapartum antibiotics
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
SBIs (2 times)
CI (1 time)
GBS (1 time)
2005 Association of intrapartum antibiotic exposure and late-onset serious bacterial infections in infants.
96  intraperitoneal
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
EPA (1 time)
IAA (1 time)
RPA (1 time)
1991 Intra-abdominal abscess in regional enteritis.
97  intraperitoneal adhesions
(2 times)
Perinatal Care
(2 times)
CS (2 times)
LOHS (1 time)
SG (1 time)
2014 Predictive value of striae gravidarum severity for intraperitoneal adhesions or uterine scar healing in patients with previous caesarean delivery.
98  intrathyroidal parathyroid adenomas
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2008 [Intrathyroid parathyroid adenomas: right and lower].
99  intronic polyadenylation
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
APA (1 time)
MM (1 time)
RTKs (1 time)
2011 Induction of antagonistic soluble decoy receptor tyrosine kinases by intronic polyA activation.
100  invasive group
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
nIPA (2 times)
CAFs (1 time)
GHomas (1 time)
2015 [The Role of Cancer-associated Fibroblasts in Invasive Behavior of Pituitary Adenoma].