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Abbreviation: IRD
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Long forms: 102

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
infantile Refsum disease
(44 times)
Genetics, Medical
(13 times)
ZS (28 times)
NALD (24 times)
PBDs (15 times)
1986 Partial deficiency of dihydroxyacetone phosphate acyltransferase activity in both classical and infantile Refsum's diseases.
immune restoration disease
(37 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(13 times)
HAART (14 times)
HIV (8 times)
ART (7 times)
2000 Immunorestitution disease involving the innate and adaptive response.
inherited retinal dystrophies
(29 times)
Ophthalmology
(12 times)
NGS (4 times)
RP (4 times)
LCA (3 times)
2011 Early visual symptom patterns in inherited retinal dystrophies.
inter-rectus distance
(28 times)
Rehabilitation
(13 times)
DRA (8 times)
RA (6 times)
CI (4 times)
2000 Natural resolution of rectus abdominis diastasis. Two single case studies.
inflammatory rheumatic diseases
(23 times)
Rheumatology
(11 times)
RA (4 times)
CAD (3 times)
SLE (3 times)
1993 Record linkage to conduct an epidemiologic study on the association of rheumatoid arthritis and lymphoma in the Province of Saskatchewan, Canada.
inherited retinal degeneration
(20 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
NGS (3 times)
AOSLO (2 times)
arRP (2 times)
2007 Neuroprotective gene therapy for the treatment of inherited retinal degeneration.
inner ring deiodination
(18 times)
Endocrinology
(13 times)
ORD (16 times)
ID-I (3 times)
PTU (2 times)
1985 Rapid and selective inner ring deiodination of thyroxine sulfate by rat liver deiodinase.
inherited retinal disease
(15 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
NGS (3 times)
LCA (2 times)
arRP (1 time)
2010 Genotypic analysis of X-linked retinoschisis in Western Australia.
immune reconstitution disease
(14 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(4 times)
ART (5 times)
TB (3 times)
IRIS (2 times)
2004 Immune reconstitution disease (IRD) increasing; recognition, management important.
10  incidence rate difference
(11 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
CI (3 times)
IRR (2 times)
AOR (1 time)
2004 Meta-analytic methods for pooling rates when follow-up duration varies: a case study.
11  increased-risk donor
(9 times)
Transplantation
(9 times)
HCV (4 times)
HBV (3 times)
HIV (3 times)
2012 Organ donor screening using parallel nucleic acid testing allows assessment of transmission risk and assay results in real time.
12  ischemic renal disease
(9 times)
Therapeutics
(4 times)
GFR (4 times)
ESRD (2 times)
AH (1 time)
1997 Ischemic renal disease: an emerging cause of chronic renal failure and end-stage renal disease.
13  improvement rate difference
(8 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
AAC (2 times)
ASD (2 times)
ASDs (2 times)
2007 Median-based overlap analysis for single case data: a second study.
14  Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
BMI (1 time)
CNRS (1 time)
HDSS (1 time)
2003 Change in body water distribution index in infants who become stunted between 4 and 18 months of age.
15  inhibitory repeat domain
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
PIs (3 times)
aa (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2007 Diverse forms of Pin-II family proteinase inhibitors from Capsicum annuum adversely affect the growth and development of Helicoverpa armigera.
16  Institute of Radiation Protection and Dosimetry
(5 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(4 times)
ANSI (1 time)
CRCN-NE (1 time)
JSP (1 time)
2008 Joint sampling programme--verification of data obtained in environmental monitoring.
17  Influenza Research Database
(4 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
HA (2 times)
meta-CATS (1 time)
NA (1 time)
2011 Tree Pruner: An efficient tool for selecting data from a biased genetic database.
18  insulin-requiring diabetes
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
NIRD (2 times)
IAPP (1 time)
IR (1 time)
1991 Remission of insulin requirement in late secondary failure to oral hypoglycemic agents (IRD): results at 24 months and analysis of predictive factors.
19  ice-rafted debris
(3 times)
Science
(2 times)
Myr (1 time)
NADW (1 time)
SST (1 time)
2000 Millennial-scale instability of the antarctic ice sheet during the last glaciation
20  infra-red densitometry
(3 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
SC (3 times)
TEWL (1 time)
2010 Infrared densitometry: a fast and non-destructive method for exact stratum corneum depth calculation for in vitro tape-stripping.
21  infrared radiation drying
(3 times)
Food
(1 time)
HAD (2 times)
AAD (1 time)
DE (1 time)
2016 Comparison of different drying methods on the physical properties, bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity of raspberry powders.
22  inner-ring deiodinase
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
ORD (3 times)
PST (2 times)
rT3 (1 time)
1993 Thyroid hormone deiodination in brain, liver, gill, heart and muscle of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) during photoperiodically-induced parr-smolt transformation. I. Outer- and inner-ring thyroxine deiodination.
23  inward radial deviation
(3 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
SRF (2 times)
DWCNTs (1 time)
2016 A nanoengine governor based on the end interfacial effect.
24  ischemic-reperfusion damage
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ADS (1 time)
CLI (1 time)
FROP (1 time)
1992 Efficacy of PGI2 analog in preventing ischemia reperfusion damage of liver grafts from living donors.
25  isoflavone-rich diet
(3 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
GEN (2 times)
BMD (1 time)
DAI (1 time)
2006 Combined effects of physical activity, dietary isoflavones and 17beta-estradiol on movement drive, body weight and bone mineral density in ovariectomized female rats.
26  ICR-derived retinal dysfunction
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
bp (1 time)
ERGs (1 time)
2006 Visual electrophysiological features of two naturally occurring mouse models with retinal dysfunction.
27  IgG4-related disease
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
TLR (1 time)
2013 Toll-like receptor activation in basophils contributes to the development of IgG4-related disease.
28  increased risk for diabetes
(2 times)
Diabetes Mellitus
(1 time)
HbA1c (2 times)
CVD (1 time)
FPG (1 time)
2012 Impact of HbA1c Criterion on the Detection of Subjects with Increased Risk for Diabetes among Health Check-Up Recipients in Korea.
29  increased risk for disease transmission
(2 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
aHR (1 time)
KDPI (1 time)
2015 Landscape of Deceased Donors Labeled Increased Risk for Disease Transmission Under New Guidelines.
30  Indian Runner ducks
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
SR (1 time)
SRD (1 time)
1980 Comparison of p-p'-DDE and o-p'-DDE on eggshell thickness and Ca binding activity of shell gland in ducks.
31  induced ratio difference
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
AAM (1 time)
AAS (1 time)
ARD (1 time)
2017 Different applications of isosbestic points, normalized spectra and dual wavelength as powerful tools for resolution of multicomponent mixtures with severely overlapping spectra.
32  infectious respiratory diseases
(2 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2004 Pulmonary ultrasonographic abnormalities associated with naturally occurring equine influenza virus infection in standardbred racehorses.
33  infectious risk donors
(2 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
HBV (1 time)
HCV (1 time)
NAT (1 time)
2013 Identifying appropriate recipients for CDC infectious risk donor kidneys.
34  infrared diaphanoscopy
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 1990 [Infrared diaphanoscopy (IRD)--a choice diagnostic procedure? Preliminary results of the clinical testing].
35  Institute for Research and Development
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
IoP (1 time)
LMICs (1 time)
2011 Reducing the scarcity in mental health research from low and middle income countries: a success story from Sri Lanka.
36  Instituto de Radioprotecao e Dosimetria
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 1985 Pre-operational environmental survey at the uranium mine and mill site, Pocos de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
37  insufficient remaining dose
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
2001 Dose accuracy testing of the humalog/ humulin insulin pen device.
38  internal repeat domain
(2 times)
Virology
(2 times)
KSHV (1 time)
LNA (1 time)
ORF (1 time)
2000 Hot-spot variations of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus latent nuclear antigen and application in genotyping by PCR-RFLP.
39  ISO-rich diet
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
ISO (2 times)
PND (2 times)
BMD (1 time)
2015 Dose-dependent effects of isoflavone exposure during early lifetime on the rat mammary gland: Studies on estrogen sensitivity, isoflavone metabolism, and DNA methylation.
40  gamma-irradiated doxorubicin
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
NIRD (1 time)
2008 Effect of gamma irradiation on spleen cell function and cytotoxicity of doxorubicin.
41  HLA-identical related donor
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
GVHD (1 time)
GVL (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2013 Multicenter analyses demonstrate significant clinical effects of minor histocompatibility antigens on GvHD and GvL after HLA-matched related and unrelated hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
42  idiopathic reading deficit
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
NF1 (1 time)
2015 Teaching reading to children with neurofibromatosis type 1: a clinical trial with random assignment to different approaches.
43  idiopathic reading disabilities
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
NF1 (1 time)
2010 Cognitive profile of children with neurofibromatosis and reading disabilities.
44  idiopathic respiratory distress
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
--- 1979 Antepartum aminophylline treatment for prevention of the respiratory distress syndrome in premature infants.
45  idiopathic, rhegmatogenous retinal detachment
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
--- 1990 Case-control study of idiopathic retinal detachment.
46  Ignacio Ramirez dam
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
LPL (1 time)
MA (1 time)
2002 Toxic effect and bioavailability of malathion spiked in natural sediments from the Ignacio Ramirez Dam on the snail Stagnicola sp.
47  immediate respiratory distress
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Do totally occlusive nasal packs after nasal surgery increase the risk of immediate respiratory distress during recovery from anesthesia?
48  immediate risk of death
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
LEWT (1 time)
LYG (1 time)
LYGs (1 time)
2008 The impact of prognosis without treatment on doctors' and patients' resource allocation decisions and its relevance to new drug recommendation processes.
49  immune reconstitution/restoration disease
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
ART (1 time)
GPCP (1 time)
MXIP (1 time)
2004 Concurrent granulomatous Pneumocystis carinii and Mycobacterium xenopi pneumonia: an unusual manifestation of HIV immune reconstitution disease.
50  impact recorder device
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
--- 2010 Evaluation of mechanical tomato harvesting using wireless sensors.
51  implant retained overdentures
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
1998 [Overdenture prostheses on implants versus complete dentures].
52  Improved Redirection with Distractors
(1 time)
--- 2010 Improved Redirection with Distractors: A Large-Scale-Real-Walking Locomotion Interface and its Effect on Navigation in Virtual Environments.
53  incline running down-slope
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
FF/HF (1 time)
HF/TB (1 time)
HX/FF (1 time)
2011 Inter-segment foot kinematics during cross-slope running.
54  increased risk of death
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
HRs (1 time)
MDS (1 time)
2019 Development and Validation of a Prognostic Tool for Identifying Residents at Increased Risk of Death in Long-Term Care Facilities.
55  Index of Relative Dissimilarity
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
--- 2002 Effect of parental social class, own education and social class on mortality among young men.
56  individual relative deprivation
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2012 More than a feeling: discrete emotions mediate the relationship between relative deprivation and reactions to workplace furloughs.
57  Indoor Resting Densities
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
LISA (1 time)
SADIE (1 time)
2012 Spatially explicit analyses of anopheline mosquitoes indoor resting density: implications for malaria control.
58  infection-related death
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
cGVHD (1 time)
ECP (1 time)
GVHD (1 time)
2017 Comparison of the CELLEX™ and UVAR-XTS™ closed-system extracorporeal photopheresis devices in the treatment of chronic graft-versus-host disease.
59  infection-related disorders
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CRP (1 time)
ESR (1 time)
MSCs (1 time)
2017 Final diagnosis of children and adolescents with musculoskeletal complaints.
60  infectious renal disease
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CMD (1 time)
CN (1 time)
GD (1 time)
1996 MR findings in diffuse renal parenchymal disease.
61  infective resting density
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
IMAX (1 time)
MFP (1 time)
1989 A simple deterministic model for host-parasite relationship in Wuchereria bancrofti infection & its relevance to parasite regulation in human host.
62  inherited diseases of the retina
(1 time)
Preventive Health Services
(1 time)
FS (1 time)
2017 Acupuncture benefits for Flammer syndrome in individuals with inherited diseases of the retina.
63  inherited retinal and optic nerve degenerations
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
AAV (1 time)
2018 Gene therapy for inherited retinal and optic nerve degenerations.
64  inherited retinal degenerations/dystrophies
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Gene Therapy for Retinal Degeneration.
65  inherited retinal disease-associated
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
AR (1 time)
AR/XL (1 time)
2018 Novel variants identified with next-generation sequencing in Polish patients with cone-rod dystrophy.
66  Inherited retinal disorders
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
icCSNB (1 time)
2019 Where are the missing gene defects in inherited retinal disorders? Intronic and synonymous variants contribute at least to 4% of CACNA1F-mediated inherited retinal disorders.
67  inner ring deiodinating activity
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
MD (1 time)
1996 Ontogeny of the generation of diiodothyronines (3,3'-T2 and 3',5'-T2) from triiodothyronines in the liver and kidney during the fetal life of the pig.
68  Insomnia-Related Distress
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
HSW (1 time)
MI (1 time)
2017 Characterization of Patients Who Present With Insomnia: Is There Room for a Symptom Cluster-Based Approach?
69  insulin requirement in late secondary failure to oral hypoglycemic agents
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
OHA (1 time)
1991 Remission of insulin requirement in late secondary failure to oral hypoglycemic agents (IRD): results at 24 months and analysis of predictive factors.
70  insulin resistant diabetes
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
FBG (1 time)
FFA (1 time)
2010 [Effect of Tangzhiping granule on blood lipids and free fatty acids in rats with insulin resistant diabetes].
71  insulin-requiring D
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 2000 Restenosis and progression of coronary disease after balloon angioplasty in patients with diabetes mellitus.
72  intelligent risk detection
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CHD (1 time)
IT (1 time)
2013 Applying predictive analytics to develop an intelligent risk detection application for healthcare contexts.
73  intense rocky desertification
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
LRD (1 time)
MRD (1 time)
2017 Leaf nitrogen and phosphorus stoichiometry of shrubland plants in the rocky desertification area of Southwestern Hunan, China.
74  inter-rotational distance
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
DPN (1 time)
STZ (1 time)
2008 Abnormal muscle spindle innervation and large-fiber neuropathy in diabetic mice.
75  intermediate ray deficiency
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 2013 Intermediate ray deficiency--a new type of lower limb hypoplasia.
76  intermediate risk
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
CTLS (1 time)
TLS (1 time)
2018 Risk-based management strategy and outcomes of tumor lysis syndrome in children with leukemia/lymphoma: Analysis from a resource-limited setting.
77  intermediate-risk-disease
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HDR (1 time)
HRD (1 time)
LRD (1 time)
2013 Age and Racial Differences among PSA-Detected (AJCC Stage T1cN0M0) Prostate Cancer in the U.S.: A Population-Based Study of 70,345 Men.
78  internal rotation range of motion difference
(1 time)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
ERD (1 time)
2008 A survey of glenohumeral joint rotational range and non-specific shoulder pain in elite cricketers.
79  Interradicular distance
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
ABL (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2008 Root proximity as a risk factor for progression of alveolar bone loss: the Veterans Affairs Dental Longitudinal Study.
80  interrepetition rest design
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
SBP (1 time)
2017 Interrepetition Rest Set Lacks the V-Shape Systolic Pressure Response Advantage during Resistance Exercise.
81  Intradermic reaction to tuberculin
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 2013 [Chylous ascites, a revealing sign of peritoneal tuberculosis in an 11-month-old infant].
82  intraoperative rapid diagnosis
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
PCNSL (1 time)
2014 Intraoperative rapid diagnosis of primary central nervous system lymphomas: advantages and pitfalls.
83  intrarectal diazepam
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
ARPS (1 time)
ER (1 time)
IVL (1 time)
2010 Sequential intrarectal diazepam and intravenous levetiracetam in treating acute repetitive and prolonged seizures.
84  intrarenal Doppler
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
Ccr (1 time)
CEUS (1 time)
CVP (1 time)
2019 Renoprotective effects of tolvaptan in hypertensive heart failure rats depend on renal decongestion.
85  intrarenal Doppler ultrasonography
(1 time)
Heart Failure
(1 time)
HF (1 time)
IRVF (1 time)
RAP (1 time)
2016 Clinical Implications of Intrarenal Hemodynamic Evaluation by Doppler Ultrasonography in Heart Failure.
86  intravertebral reduction device
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
VP (2 times)
KA (1 time)
OVCFs (1 time)
2016 Better Height Restoration, Greater Kyphosis Correction, and Fewer Refractures of Cemented Vertebrae by Using an Intravertebral Reduction Device: a 1-Year Follow-up Study.
87  intrinsic response dynamics
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2012 Inactivating ion channels augment robustness of subthreshold intrinsic response dynamics to parametric variability in hippocampal model neurons.
88  intrinsic ribosome destabilization
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Intrinsic Ribosome Destabilization Underlies Translation and Provides an Organism with a Strategy of Environmental Sensing.
89  invariant arginine domain
(1 time)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
PKA (1 time)
2016 A Fungus-Specific Protein Domain Is Essential for RasA-Mediated Morphogenetic Signaling in Aspergillus fumigatus.
90  invasion to the reticular dermis
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
CIS (1 time)
IST (1 time)
MIPD (1 time)
2003 Indications for lymph node dissection in the treatment of extramammary Paget's disease.
91  iodine restricted diet
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
ROI (1 time)
2012 The effect of an iodine restricted including no sea foods diet, on technetium-99m thyroid scintigraphy: a neglected issue in nuclear medicine practice.
92  ion reflux device
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2015 Improvements in ion reflux: An electrodialytic eluent generation and suppression device for ion chromatography.
93  IRD group
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
VP (2 times)
KA (1 time)
OVCFs (1 time)
2016 Better Height Restoration, Greater Kyphosis Correction, and Fewer Refractures of Cemented Vertebrae by Using an Intravertebral Reduction Device: a 1-Year Follow-up Study.
94  iris root distance
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
IC (1 time)
ICPD (1 time)
LV (1 time)
2018 Differences between fellow eyes of acute and chronic primary angle closure (glaucoma): An ultrasound biomicroscopy quantitative study.
95  iron-rich diet
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AR-EVOO (1 time)
CD (1 time)
FA (1 time)
2018 Molecular mechanisms related to the hepatoprotective effects of antioxidant-rich extra virgin olive oil supplementation in rats subjected to short-term iron administration.
96  irregular rhythm detection
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
NH (1 time)
2017 Sequential stream segregation in normally-hearing and cochlear-implant listeners.
97  ischemia-reperfusion-induced myocardial damage
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ERPs (1 time)
LAD (1 time)
VT (1 time)
2001 Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion damage impacts occurrence of ventricular fibrillation in dogs.
98  ischemic retinal damage
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
aEEG (1 time)
HI (1 time)
IOH (1 time)
2019 Early Retinal Findings Following Cooling in Neonatal Encephalopathy.
99  ischiac relative distance
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
DDH (1 time)
PRL (1 time)
2011 Can excessive lateral rotation of the ischium result in increased acetabular anteversion? A 3D-CT quantitative analysis of acetabular anteversion in children with unilateral developmental dysplasia of the hip.
100  isorhythmic dissociation
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
1977 Isorhythmic Dissociation--a "physiological" arrhythmia.