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Abbreviation: IRL
Appearance Frequency: 224 time(s)
Long forms: 66

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
inspiratory resistive loading
(59 times)
Physiology
(26 times)
EMG (4 times)
VT (4 times)
NLX (3 times)
1987 Transmission fatigue of the rabbit diaphragm.
Indian River Lagoon
(36 times)
Environmental Health
(18 times)
CHS (13 times)
TN (3 times)
PBDEs (2 times)
2000 Water-Quality Monitoring and Biological Integrity Assessment in the Indian River Lagoon, Florida: Status, Trends, and Loadings (1988-1994).
inner retinal layer
(26 times)
Ophthalmology
(17 times)
SD-OCT (9 times)
ORL (7 times)
GCL (6 times)
2001 Pigment epithelium derived factor as a neuroprotective agent against ischemic retinal injury.
immunoreactive leptin
(8 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
ARC (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CF (1 time)
1989 Enzyme immunoassay for serum pancreatic lipase in the diagnosis of pancreatic diseases.
Ireland
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
NL (2 times)
UK (2 times)
AI (1 time)
1988 Diabetes mellitus type I. Results of a European questionaire.
Indian River Lagoon, Florida
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
CHS (2 times)
TH (1 time)
2008 Lobomycosis in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) from the Indian River Lagoon, Florida: estimation of prevalence, temporal trends, and spatial distribution.
infrared laser
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
DU (1 time)
HNL (1 time)
LT (1 time)
2003 [Laser therapy of duodenal ulcers: effect on indices of microcirculation, cell membrane permeability and homeostasis of trace elements].
inspiratory resistive loaded breathing
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
EMG (2 times)
AU (1 time)
fc (1 time)
1987 Effect of inspiratory resistive loading on costal and crural diaphragm electromyograms in piglets.
integral reinforcement learning
(4 times)
Cybernetics
(2 times)
NZS (2 times)
CT (1 time)
ICUs (1 time)
2016 Off-Policy Actor-Critic Structure for Optimal Control of Unknown Systems With Disturbances.
10  interferon response of leukocytes
(4 times)
Virology
(3 times)
AVHB (1 time)
NK (1 time)
SLE (1 time)
1980 [The interferon system in children with the initial stages of diabetes mellitus].
11  inverse reinforcement-learning
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
DM (1 time)
IL (1 time)
IM (1 time)
2015 Hierarchical Bayesian inverse reinforcement learning.
12  infarct-related lesion
(3 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
BMS (1 time)
CAG (1 time)
CASS (1 time)
2001 Effect of the stenosis location and severity on left ventricular function after single-vessel anterior wall myocardial infarction.
13  Intermediate Reference Laboratory
(3 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
LPA (2 times)
Arg (1 time)
DST (1 time)
2011 Proficiency panel testing--a reliable tool in external quality assessment of sputum smear microscopy services in Gujarat, India.
14  Immunohaematology Reference Laboratory
(2 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
DTMH (1 time)
2007 Strategies for the transfusion of subjects with complex red cell immunisation: the Bank of rare blood donors of the Region of Lombardy.
15  instructor-regulated learning
(2 times)
Education
(1 time)
DSRL (2 times)
ACLS (1 time)
LP (1 time)
2012 Directed self-regulated learning versus instructor-regulated learning in simulation training.
16  inverted repeat within the L component
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
--- 1990 Structural organization of the termini of the L and S components of the genome of pseudorabies virus.
17  inverted-repeat-loss
(2 times)
Botany
(2 times)
WGDs (1 time)
2006 Legume comparative genomics: progress in phylogenetics and phylogenomics.
18  irreversible loss
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
CT (2 times)
PEG (2 times)
DM (1 time)
1993 The effect of condensed tannins in Lotus pedunculatus on the digestion and metabolism of methionine, cystine and inorganic sulphur in sheep.
19  irrversible loss rates
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
DM (1 time)
DMI (1 time)
EPU (1 time)
1980 Glucose and urea kinetics in cows in early lactation.
20  isoflavone reductase-like
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
PSII (1 time)
RES (1 time)
SDR (1 time)
1998 The expression of a grapefruit gene encoding an isoflavone reductase-like protein is induced in response to UV irradiation.
21  Iceland Reference Laboratory
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
AIP (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
ICS (1 time)
2011 The International Circumpolar Surveillance interlaboratory quality control program for Streptococcus pneumoniae, 1999 to 2008.
22  identical conditions, RNA polymerase binds to one of these ends
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
IHF (1 time)
1987 Escherichia coli integration host factor binds specifically to the ends of the insertion sequence IS1 and to its major insertion hot-spot in pBR322.
23  immunoassay for lipase
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
IRT (1 time)
PA (1 time)
1985 [Significance of immunoreactive lipase in the diagnosis of pancreatic diseases].
24  immunoreactive human lipase in stool
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
CT (1 time)
IRT (1 time)
1996 Indirect parameters of pancreatic function in cystic fibrosis (CF) during a controlled double-blind trial of pancreatic supplementation.
25  implantable loop recorder
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
POTS (1 time)
2018 Role of implantable loop recorders in patients with postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome.
26  in-real-life
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2014 Bullying, cyberbullying, and mental health in young people.
27  incipient root lesions
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
ARL (1 time)
MS (1 time)
non-MS (1 time)
1994 The predominant cultivable flora of sound and carious human root surfaces.
28  included a larger structure with tandem duplications of the left
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
IRs (1 time)
IS (1 time)
ni-IS1272 (1 time)
2017 Genomic comparison between Staphylococcus aureus GN strains clinically isolated from a familial infection case: IS1272 transposition through a novel inverted repeat-replacing mechanism.
29  increasing the level of light
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
FRL (1 time)
ISL (1 time)
RR (1 time)
2010 Effect of procedure light on the physiological responses of preterm infants.
30  index of reflex lacrimation
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2002 Reflex and steady state tears in patients with latent stromal herpetic keratitis.
31  Indian River Lagoon Estuary
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Lacaziosis in bottlenose dolphins Tursiops truncatus along the coastal Atlantic Ocean, Florida, USA.
32  Indian River Lagoon proper
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ML (1 time)
2012 Stable isotopes and mercury in a model estuarine fish: multibasin comparisons with water quality, community structure, and available prey base.
33  individual reference limit
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CCs (1 time)
2018 An individual reference limit of the serum CEA-TPA-CA 15-3 tumor marker panel in the surveillance of asymptomatic women following surgery for primary breast cancer.
34  induced by flow resistive loading
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
EMG (1 time)
1988 Effect of fatiguing resistive loads on the level and pattern of respiratory activity in awake goats.
35  Indy Racing League
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2006 An analysis of maximum vehicle G forces and brain injury in motorsports crashes.
36  infra-renal aortic lymphadenectomy
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
EC (1 time)
IMA (1 time)
2015 Robotic transperitoneal infra-renal aortic lymphadenectomy in early-stage endometrial cancer.
37  infrared laser radiation
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 1991 [The action of short-range low-intensity infrared laser irradiation on the functional and metabolic parameters of the isolated rat myocardium in hypoxia].
38  infrared light
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2011 [The effect of infrared and X-ray radiation on the production of reactive oxygen species in blood and induction of cytogenetic damage in the bone marrow of mice in vivo].
39  infrared ray laparoscopy
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CL (1 time)
LAC (1 time)
SN (1 time)
2006 Laparoscopic sentinel node mapping for colorectal cancer using infrared ray laparoscopy.
40  inner retinal layers thickness
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
IS/OS (1 time)
PRL (1 time)
SD-OCT (1 time)
2018 Demonstration of anatomical development of the human macula within the first 5years of life using handheld OCT.
41  inner, and outer retinal layer
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
GC (1 time)
SD-OCT (1 time)
2018 Macular Inner Retinal Layer Thickness in Relation to Photopic and Mesopic Contrast Sensitivity in Healthy Young and Older Subjects.
42  inspiratory flow resistance
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
AB (1 time)
Pga (1 time)
RC (1 time)
1983 Respiratory muscle function during CO2 rebreathing with inspiratory flow-resistive loading.
43  inspiratory load
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CAO (1 time)
FRC (1 time)
PaCO2 (1 time)
1985 Respiratory load compensation in chronic airway obstruction.
44  inspiratory muscles
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
IRLs (1 time)
PAV (1 time)
2006 Effect of inspiratory muscle work on peripheral fatigue of locomotor muscles in healthy humans.
45  Inspiratory RL
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ERL (1 time)
VL (1 time)
2002 Expiratory resistive loaded breathing in humans increases fluctuations of force production in submaximal isometric quadriceps contractions.
46  insulin receptor-like
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
PI3'K (1 time)
1999 Regulation of the insulin-like developmental pathway of Caenorhabditis elegans by a homolog of the PTEN tumor suppressor gene.
47  integration using the abutted left
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2000 The role of tandem IS dimers in IS911 transposition.
48  interior reflected light
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
ERL (1 time)
2015 Relationship between the velvet-like texture of flower petals and light reflection from epidermal cell surfaces.
49  internal
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
HSV-1 (1 time)
RL (1 time)
TRL (1 time)
1988 The DNA sequences of the long repeat region and adjoining parts of the long unique region in the genome of herpes simplex virus type 1.
50  internal repeat
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
HVT (1 time)
MDV (1 time)
ORFs (1 time)
1995 Gene organization in herpesvirus of turkeys: identification of a novel open reading frame in the long unique region and a truncated homologue of pp38 in the internal repeat.
51  internal repeat long
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
IRS (1 time)
MDV (1 time)
US (1 time)
1992 Characterization of reticuloendotheliosis virus-transformed avian T-lymphoblastoid cell lines infected with Marek's disease virus.
52  International Radioecology Laboratory
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ChEZ (1 time)
ChNPP (1 time)
2011 Overview of the cooperation between the Chernobyl Center's International Radioecology Laboratory in Slavutych, Ukraine, and U.S. research centers between 2000 and 2010.
53  interpreted radiometric lithologic
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
TC (1 time)
2013 Potential of natural gamma-ray spectrometry for mapping and environmental monitoring of black-sand beach deposits on the northern coast of Sinai, Egypt.
54  intestine + reduced liver
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
IO (1 time)
1997 Combined small bowel and reduced liver transplantation in pigs.
55  inverted left repeat
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
IRR (1 time)
2002 Diversity of Tn4001 transposition products: the flanking IS256 elements can form tandem dimers and IS circles.
56  inverted repeat of the L segment of the HSV-1 genome
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
HSV-1 (1 time)
m.u (1 time)
1991 Identification and mapping of the UL56 gene transcript of herpes simplex virus type 1.
57  inverted repeat sequence of long region
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DRG (1 time)
HSV-1 (1 time)
LATs (1 time)
1995 Latent phenotype analysis of three deletion variants of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) in mouse model.
58  ipsilateral reflex latency
(1 time)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
CPMT (1 time)
CRT (1 time)
IPMT (1 time)
1975 Electromyographic study of unlateral and bilateral measurement conditions of reflex, premotor, and simple reaction time to joint displacement.
59  IR levels
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
IR (1 time)
RD-CT (1 time)
SIQ (1 time)
2018 MDCT in suspected lumbar spine fracture: comparison of standard and reduced dose settings using iterative reconstruction.
60  IRL-1620
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ET-1 (1 time)
ETA (1 time)
ETB (1 time)
1995 Endothelin receptor subtypes in mesenteric vascular smooth muscle cells of spontaneously hypertensive rats.
61  IRLkan-IRR transposable cassette, in which the left
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
IS (1 time)
kan (1 time)
RC (1 time)
2001 Single-stranded DNA intermediates in IS91 rolling-circle transposition.
62  irradiated L. monocytogenes
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
HKL (1 time)
2010 T cell and APC dynamics in situ control the outcome of vaccination.
63  isoflavone reductase-like proteins
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
IFR (1 time)
Ig (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
1998 Characterization of a new IgE-binding 35-kDa protein from birch pollen with cross-reacting homologues in various plant foods.
64  isolated rat lungs
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
CGRP1R (1 time)
ET-1 (1 time)
2007 Hypoxic induction of receptor activity-modifying protein 2 alters regulation of pulmonary endothelin-1 by adrenomedullin: induction under normoxia versus inhibition under hypoxia.
65  isoleucine, arginine, and leucine
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
SBV (1 time)
2013 Genetic characterization of an atypical Schmallenberg virus isolated from the brain of a malformed lamb.
66  iterative reinforced learning
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CNN (1 time)
GPD (1 time)
GPDNet (1 time)
2017 Gastric precancerous diseases classification using CNN with a concise model.