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Abbreviation: IRR
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
incidence rate ratio
(2260 times)
Medicine
(259 times)
CI (839 times)
OR (117 times)
HR (92 times)
1990 Cigarette smoking and risk of breast cancer: a prospective study of 24,329 Norwegian women.
inter-rater reliability
(156 times)
Nursing
(13 times)
ICC (26 times)
CI (8 times)
CT (6 times)
1982 [Factor analysis, a measure of interrater reliability in single cases. Application to the AMDP Psychopathology Scale].
internal rate of return
(45 times)
Technology
(10 times)
NPV (15 times)
BCR (5 times)
ROI (4 times)
1984 Cost-effectiveness analysis of echinococcosis-hydatidosis eradication project in Sardinia.
insulin receptor-related receptor
(43 times)
Biochemistry
(12 times)
IR (13 times)
IGF-IR (5 times)
IGF-I (4 times)
1990 Localization of the insulin receptor-related receptor gene to human chromosome 1.
induced radioresistance
(25 times)
Radiology
(12 times)
HRS (23 times)
DSB (3 times)
LET (3 times)
1996 Hypersensitivity to very-low single radiation doses: its relationship to the adaptive response and induced radioresistance.
IR ratio
(16 times)
Communicable Diseases
(5 times)
IR (15 times)
CI (10 times)
HCV (2 times)
2009 Incidence of carcinoma of the major salivary glands according to the WHO classification, 1992 to 2006: a population-based study in the United States.
intrarenal reflux
(15 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
VUR (9 times)
RN (4 times)
UTI (3 times)
1982 Intrarenal backflow during retrograde pyelography with graded intrapelvic pressure. A radiologic study.
Injury rate ratios
(14 times)
Sports Medicine
(10 times)
CI (6 times)
AE (2 times)
AT (2 times)
2007 Differences in injury rates in child motor vehicle passengers in rural and urban areas in New South Wales, July 2000 to June 2004.
infusion-related reaction
(11 times)
Rheumatology
(3 times)
CTCAE (2 times)
DLBCL (2 times)
RA (2 times)
2005 Assessment of effective renal plasma flow, enzymuria, and cytokine release in healthy volunteers receiving a single dose of amphotericin B desoxycholate.
10  irradiation
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
AFH (1 time)
CIV (1 time)
CK (1 time)
1999 Effects of combined irradiation and doxorubicin treatment on cardiac function and antioxidant defenses in the rat.
11  International Reference Reagent
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
WHO (5 times)
IS (3 times)
EDQM (2 times)
1988 WHO international reference reagents for bovine and porcine proinsulins.
12  internal root resorption
(9 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
CBCT (2 times)
MTA (2 times)
CSI (1 time)
2011 The use of limited cone beam computed tomography in the diagnosis and management of a case of perforating internal root resorption.
13  inflammatory root resorption
(7 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
PCO (3 times)
TDI (2 times)
CBCT (1 time)
2003 Early radiographic diagnosis of inflammatory root resorption.
14  infrared radiation
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
IRA (2 times)
IA (1 time)
IRB (1 time)
1985 Acupuncture and tele-electronic infra-red thermography.
15  innate repair receptor
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
betaCR (2 times)
EPOR (2 times)
EPO (1 time)
2013 Ketamine does not produce relief of neuropathic pain in mice lacking the beta-common receptor (CD131).
16  inverted repeat
(7 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
CC (1 time)
CDs (1 time)
IR (1 time)
1994 One-ended insertion of IS911.
17  incidence rates and rate ratios
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
BD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
2001 Cancer risk in patients with inflammatory bowel disease: a population-based study.
18  infection-related resorption
(6 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
ARR (5 times)
PCO (5 times)
PN (5 times)
2005 Results after replantation of avulsed permanent teeth. I. Endodontic considerations.
19  instantaneous respiratory rate
(6 times)
Physiological Phenomena
(2 times)
PPG (4 times)
RR (2 times)
SST (2 times)
2002 Development of respiratory rhythms in perinatal chick embryos.
20  individual research results
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
aMCI (1 time)
BCH (1 time)
GDC (1 time)
2015 The development of a preference-setting model for the return of individual genomic research results.
21  integrative reactivation and rehabilitation
(4 times)
Geriatrics
(4 times)
UC (2 times)
BI (1 time)
CB (1 time)
2011 Integrative psychotherapeutic nursing home program to reduce multiple psychiatric symptoms of cognitively impaired patients and caregiver burden: randomized controlled trial.
22  interrepetition rest
(4 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
CR (2 times)
CMJ (1 time)
PV (1 time)
2012 Effect of inter-repetition rest on ratings of perceived exertion during multiple sets of the power clean.
23  independent radiologic review
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ALK (2 times)
CRC (1 time)
LRA (1 time)
2012 Independent radiologic review in metastatic colorectal cancer: systematic review and meta-analysis.
24  inferior rectus recession
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
SOP (2 times)
ASOP (1 time)
CSOP (1 time)
2013 Effects of vertical muscle surgery on differences in the orientation of Listing's plane in patients with superior oblique palsy.
25  infrared reflectography
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
muXRF (1 time)
2011 The use of a multi-method approach to identify the pigments in the 12th century manuscript Liber Floridus.
26  initial response requirement
(3 times)
Psychopharmacology
(2 times)
PR (2 times)
3-MNTX (1 time)
i.v (1 time)
2002 Self-administration of cocaine, alfentanil, and nalbuphine under progressive-ratio schedules: consumer demand and labor supply analyses of relative reinforcing effectiveness.
27  interrater
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ASIA (1 time)
NP (1 time)
SCI (1 time)
1998 Reliability of four simple, quantitative tests of balance and mobility in healthy elderly females.
28  irradiated
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
ALN (1 time)
ALN/IRR (1 time)
CON (1 time)
2012 Radioprotective effect of sodium selenite on bone repair in the tibia of ovariectomized rats.
29  iterative reconstruction-reprojection
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
CT (2 times)
ART (1 time)
EM (1 time)
1985 Projection space iteration reconstruction-reprojection.
30  immediate radical re-resection
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
IGBC (2 times)
GR (1 time)
LC (1 time)
2013 Prognosis of incidental gallbladder carcinoma is not influenced by the primary access technique: analysis of 837 incidental gallbladder carcinomas in the German Registry.
31  immunoreactive active renin
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
PRA (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
ANP (1 time)
1997 Serum angiotensin-converting enzyme activity correlates positively with plasma angiotensin II: a population-based study of ambulatory blood pressure and the renin-angiotensin system.
32  immunoreactive renin
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
PRA (2 times)
BP (1 time)
HR (1 time)
1993 Effects of an orally active renin inhibitor, Ro 42-5892, in patients with essential hypertension.
33  improvement trend
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2018 Implementation of a multifaceted program to sustainably improve appropriate intraoperative antibiotic redosing.
34  incomplete resection rate
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
CARE (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CSP (1 time)
2013 Incomplete polyp resection during colonoscopy-results of the complete adenoma resection (CARE) study.
35  increased respiratory resistance
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
BCG (1 time)
2006 Automatic detection of spiking events in EMFi sheet during sleep.
36  Index of Relative Rurality
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
RUCA (1 time)
2016 Adapting the Index of Relative Rurality (IRR) to Estimate Rurality at the ZIP Code Level: A Rural Classification System in Health Services Research.
37  infection-related readmission
(2 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
LOF (1 time)
OAI (1 time)
PCSK9 (1 time)
2016 Outpatient use of ceftaroline fosamil versus vancomycin for osteoarticular infection: a matched cohort study.
38  infrared reflectance
(2 times)
Eye Diseases
(1 time)
NIR-AF (1 time)
OA (1 time)
OCA (1 time)
2014 Concentric macular rings sign in patients with foveal hypoplasia.
39  inner rural
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
2010 Urban-rural differences of age- and species-specific campylobacteriosis incidence, Hesse, Germany, July 2005 - June 2006.
40  intracerebral hemorrhage
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2018 Excess stroke incidence in young Aboriginal people in South Australia: Pooled results from two population-based studies.
41  Intrarenal vascular resistance
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
LDH (1 time)
NHB (1 time)
WI (1 time)
1999 The value of dextran 12,000 in ischemically damaged canine kidneys during machine perfusion.
42  inversely associated with aggressive UCC
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
IRRs (2 times)
UCC (2 times)
2012 Plasma carotenoids and vitamin C concentrations and risk of urothelial cell carcinoma in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition.
43  inversely associated with risk of nonaggressive UCC
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
IRRs (2 times)
UCC (2 times)
2012 Plasma carotenoids and vitamin C concentrations and risk of urothelial cell carcinoma in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition.
44  inverted repeat region
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
bp (1 time)
RTP (1 time)
1990 Identification of the replication terminator protein binding sites in the terminus region of the Bacillus subtilis chromosome and stoichiometry of the binding.
45  Iranian Rial
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
WTP (2 times)
CV (1 time)
RP (1 time)
2014 Estimating cost of road traffic injuries in Iran using willingness to pay (WTP) method.
46  irradiation‑resistant
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
UCA1 (2 times)
HK2 (1 time)
lncRNA (1 time)
2017 Long non-coding RNA urothelial carcinoma associated 1 (UCA1) mediates radiation response in prostate cancer.
47  irregular course
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1989 Previous pattern of course of the illness as a predictor of response to lithium prophylaxis in bipolar patients.
48  irrigated
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
AREB (1 time)
CT (1 time)
DREB (1 time)
2010 Heat and drought adaptive QTL in a wheat population designed to minimize confounding agronomic effects.
49  adjustedincidence rate ratio
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
POE (1 time)
2018 Is combined cataract surgery associated with acute postoperative endophthalmitis? A nationwide study from 2005 to 2014.
50  anemia-incident rate ratio
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2018 Anemia in hospitalized patients: an overlooked risk in medical care.
51  facility reimbursement rate relative to GDP
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
FDR (1 time)
GDP (1 time)
RRT (1 time)
2011 Global variation in renal replacement therapy for end-stage renal disease.
52  gamma-irradiation
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
BrdU (1 time)
CLFS (1 time)
2006 Effect of satellite cell ablation on low-frequency-stimulated fast-to-slow fibre-type transitions in rat skeletal muscle.
53  Idiopathic root resorption
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2015 Localized idiopathic root resorption in the primary dentition: Review of the literature and a case report.
54  IFN response region
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
MHC (1 time)
NK (1 time)
UIRR (1 time)
2004 A GATA factor mediates cell type-restricted induction of HLA-E gene transcription by gamma interferon.
55  IIR was also reduced for NMC compared with control players
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
IIRs (1 time)
IRRs (1 time)
LLIs (1 time)
2016 Preventing Australian football injuries with a targeted neuromuscular control exercise programme: comparative injury rates from a training intervention delivered in a clustered randomised controlled trial.
56  IIV group compared with the control group
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
Mali (1 time)
2018 Maternal Influenza Immunization and Prevention of Severe Clinical Pneumonia in Young Infants: Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials Conducted in Nepal, Mali and South Africa.
57  IIV group versus the control group
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
Mali (1 time)
2018 Maternal Influenza Immunization and Prevention of Severe Clinical Pneumonia in Young Infants: Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials Conducted in Nepal, Mali and South Africa.
58  ileal remnant repressed
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
--- 2000 Novel goblet cell gene related to IgGFcgammaBP is regulated in adapting gut after small bowel resection.
59  illegitimate recombination regions
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
bp (1 time)
1988 Compilation of DNA strand exchange sites for non-homologous recombination in somatic cells.
60  illness was not significantly different between groups
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
GI (1 time)
2005 A randomized, controlled trial of a multifaceted intervention including alcohol-based hand sanitizer and hand-hygiene education to reduce illness transmission in the home.
61  imagery rescripting and rehearsal
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
ICNC (1 time)
2013 Efficacy of psychological interventions aiming to reduce chronic nightmares: a meta-analysis.
62  IMD related readmissions
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
IMD (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
2014 The inpatient costs and hospital service use associated with invasive meningococcal disease in South Australian children.
63  immediate re-resection
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
IGBC (1 time)
2008 Immediate re-resection of T1 incidental gallbladder carcinomas: a survival analysis of the German Registry.
64  immune response related
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Genome-wide miRNA screening reveals miR-310 family members negatively regulate the immune response in Drosophila melanogaster via co-targeting Drosomycin.
65  immunoreactive renal renin
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
RRA (1 time)
1999 Ontogeny of renal renin in congenital hypothyroid rats.
66  impairment when tested on the new locomotor task
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
NE (1 time)
REG (1 time)
1984 Cerebellar norepinephrine depletion and impaired acquisition of specific locomotor tasks in rats.
67  implant retained restorations
(1 time)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
CRR (1 time)
SRR (1 time)
2015 Knowledge and practice of implant-retained restorations among dental students in Saudi Arabia.
68  implantation and from another
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
--- 1993 The significance of morphologically viable glioma cells found at the time of operation after interstitial brachytherapy.
69  implicit redundant representation
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
GA (1 time)
1997 Implicit representation in genetic algorithms using redundancy.
70  impoverishment risks and reconstruction
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 2012 Project-induced displacement, secondary stressors, and health.
71  improvement during the index admission
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2009 Risk factors of suicide in inpatients and recently discharged patients with affective disorders. A case-control study.
72  incarcerated
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Ambulance attendances resulting from self-harm after release from prison: a prospective data linkage study.
73  incidence during the first year
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
AGE (1 time)
IR (1 time)
2016 First-year Daycare and Incidence of Acute Gastroenteritis.
74  incidence of post-celecoxib cardiovascular
(1 time)
Economics, Medical
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
HCRU (1 time)
OA (1 time)
2018 The economic and clinical burden of early versus late initiation of celecoxib among patients with osteoarthritis.
75  incidence rate ratio (IRR) in COPD were: number of pack-years
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
COPD (1 time)
2015 Falls by individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a preliminary 12-month prospective cohort study.
76  Incidence Rate Ratio 1995-1996 vs. 2009-2010
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
ESPro (1 time)
2015 Time trends in incidence of pathological and etiological stroke subtypes during 16 years: the Erlangen Stroke Project.
77  incidence rate ratio linear trend
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 1998 Urbanization and psychosis: a study of 1942-1978 birth cohorts in The Netherlands.
78  incidence rate ratio was the Gippsland region
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
OA (1 time)
2014 Geographical variation in incidence of knee arthroscopy for patients with osteoarthritis: a population-based analysis of Victorian hospital separations data.
79  incidence rates for prescription than men and those aged 16-17
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
GPs (1 time)
MHC (1 time)
2017 Trends in GP prescribing of psychotropic medications among young patients aged 16-24years: a case study analysis.
80  incidence rates were higher in First Nation peoples
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
2015 Incidence and prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among aboriginal peoples in Alberta, Canada.
81  incidence RR
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
RR (1 time)
2010 Long-term effects of prenatal and infancy nurse home visitation on the life course of youths: 19-year follow-up of a randomized trial.
82  Incident Relative Risk
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2016 Occupational differences in suicide mortality among Japanese men of working age.
83  incident response ratio
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
PE (1 time)
2017 Maintenance and Reach of Exposure Psychotherapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder 18 Months After Training.
84  included rate ratios
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
AE (1 time)
CI (1 time)
EHI (1 time)
2016 Epidemiology of Exertional Heat Illnesses in Youth, High School, and College Football.
85  increase in RR
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PM (1 time)
RRs (1 time)
2018 Impact on mortality of biomass combustion from wildfires in Spain: A regional analysis.
86  increase in salmonellosis risk
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
2015 Climate change, extreme events and increased risk of salmonellosis in Maryland, USA: Evidence for coastal vulnerability.
87  increase in suicide risk
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2009 Risk factors of suicide in inpatients and recently discharged patients with affective disorders. A case-control study.
88  increase in the number of patients tested
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
RDTs (1 time)
2018 Elimination or more accurate estimation? Investigation of trends in malaria diagnoses in the Ouest Department of Haiti from 2008 to 2017.
89  increase in the relative risk
(1 time)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2015 Noise levels and cardiovascular mortality: a case-crossover analysis.
90  increase when days on antibiotics were excluded
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
CLABSI (1 time)
CVCs (1 time)
2012 Central venous catheter repair is associated with an increased risk of bacteremia and central line-associated bloodstream infection in pediatric patients.
91  increased as waves got larger
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2018 Do wave heights and water levels increase ocean lifeguard rescues?
92  increased during the winter in the mountains
(1 time)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
IRRs (1 time)
2018 Seasonality of Consumption of Nonstaple Nutritious Foods among Young Children from Nepal's 3 Agroecological Zones.
93  increased HZ risk compared with non-IBD
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
HR (1 time)
HZ (1 time)
2013 Increased risk of herpes zoster among 108 604 patients with inflammatory bowel disease.
94  increased in 15-59 year old women
(1 time)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
CVD (1 time)
MRR (1 time)
2014 Major depression and first-time hospitalization with ischemic heart disease, cardiac procedures and mortality in the general population: a retrospective Danish population-based cohort study.
95  increased in individuals aged 15-49 years
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2014 Increase of pertussis incidence in 2010 to 2012 after 12 years of low circulation in Spain.
96  increased proportion of days with fever
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PFAS (1 time)
PFDA (1 time)
PFHxS (1 time)
2016 Association between prenatal exposure to perfluorinated compounds and symptoms of infections at age 1-4years among 359 children in the Odense Child Cohort.
97  increased radiation radioresistance
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
BE (1 time)
DIE (1 time)
2004 Phenomena leading to cell survival values which deviate from linear-quadratic models.
98  increased radioresistant response
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
HRS (1 time)
1997 Low dose hyper-radiosensitivity and increased radioresistance in mammalian cells.
99  increased rate ratio
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
IRs (1 time)
2010 Epidemiology of ankle sprain at the United States Military Academy.
100  increased rates of arterial thrombosis while on observation
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
ET (1 time)
2010 Observation versus antiplatelet therapy as primary prophylaxis for thrombosis in low-risk essential thrombocythemia.