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Abbreviation: IRR
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
incidence rate ratio
(3840 times)
Medicine
(442 times)
CI (1354 times)
OR (199 times)
HR (152 times)
1990 Cigarette smoking and risk of breast cancer: a prospective study of 24,329 Norwegian women.
inter-rater reliability
(280 times)
Psychiatry
(20 times)
ICC (49 times)
CI (15 times)
ICCs (8 times)
1982 [Factor analysis, a measure of interrater reliability in single cases. Application to the AMDP Psychopathology Scale].
internal rate of return
(77 times)
Environmental Health
(22 times)
NPV (31 times)
BCR (8 times)
ROI (6 times)
1984 Cost-effectiveness analysis of echinococcosis-hydatidosis eradication project in Sardinia.
insulin receptor-related receptor
(47 times)
Biochemistry
(14 times)
IR (14 times)
IGF-I (4 times)
IGF-IR (4 times)
1990 Localization of the insulin receptor-related receptor gene to human chromosome 1.
infusion-related reactions
(30 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
MS (3 times)
AEs (2 times)
CRC (2 times)
2005 Assessment of effective renal plasma flow, enzymuria, and cytokine release in healthy volunteers receiving a single dose of amphotericin B desoxycholate.
internal root resorption
(28 times)
Dentistry
(19 times)
PUI (4 times)
CBCT (3 times)
CSI (3 times)
2011 The use of limited cone beam computed tomography in the diagnosis and management of a case of perforating internal root resorption.
induced radioresistance
(27 times)
Radiology
(13 times)
HRS (25 times)
ATM (3 times)
DSB (3 times)
1996 Hypersensitivity to very-low single radiation doses: its relationship to the adaptive response and induced radioresistance.
IR ratio
(26 times)
Communicable Diseases
(5 times)
IR (22 times)
CI (12 times)
IRs (4 times)
2009 Incidence of carcinoma of the major salivary glands according to the WHO classification, 1992 to 2006: a population-based study in the United States.
injury rate ratio
(21 times)
Sports Medicine
(13 times)
CI (8 times)
NCAA (5 times)
AEs (3 times)
2007 Differences in injury rates in child motor vehicle passengers in rural and urban areas in New South Wales, July 2000 to June 2004.
10  intrarenal reflux
(19 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
VUR (11 times)
RN (4 times)
UTI (3 times)
1982 Intrarenal backflow during retrograde pyelography with graded intrapelvic pressure. A radiologic study.
11  irradiation
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
AFH (1 time)
CIV (1 time)
CK (1 time)
1999 Effects of combined irradiation and doxorubicin treatment on cardiac function and antioxidant defenses in the rat.
12  inflammatory root resorption
(11 times)
Dentistry
(11 times)
PCO (3 times)
TDI (3 times)
CAP (1 time)
2004 Early radiographic diagnosis of inflammatory root resorption.
13  International Reference Reagent
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
WHO (5 times)
IS (3 times)
EDQM (2 times)
1988 WHO international reference reagents for bovine and porcine proinsulins.
14  incomplete resection rate
(8 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
CSP (5 times)
CI (4 times)
OR (3 times)
2012 Incomplete polyp resection during colonoscopy-results of the complete adenoma resection (CARE) study.
15  infrared radiation
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
IRA (2 times)
CWB (1 time)
FAW (1 time)
1985 Acupuncture and tele-electronic infra-red thermography.
16  innate repair receptor
(8 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
betacR (2 times)
EPO (2 times)
EPOR (2 times)
2013 Ketamine does not produce relief of neuropathic pain in mice lacking the beta-common receptor (CD131).
17  individual research results
(7 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
aMCI (1 time)
BCH (1 time)
GDC (1 time)
2015 The development of a preference-setting model for the return of individual genomic research results.
18  instantaneous respiratory rate
(7 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
PPG (4 times)
RR (2 times)
SST (2 times)
2002 Development of respiratory rhythms in perinatal chick embryos.
19  inverted repeat
(7 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
CC (1 time)
CDs (1 time)
IR (1 time)
1994 One-ended insertion of IS911.
20  incidence rates and rate ratios
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
BD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
2001 Cancer risk in patients with inflammatory bowel disease: a population-based study.
21  infection-related resorption
(6 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
ARR (5 times)
PCO (5 times)
PN (5 times)
2005 Results after replantation of avulsed permanent teeth. I. Endodontic considerations.
22  inter-repetition rest
(6 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
CMJ (2 times)
CR (2 times)
RM (2 times)
2012 Effect of inter-repetition rest on ratings of perceived exertion during multiple sets of the power clean.
23  Iranian rials
(6 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
GDP (2 times)
WTP (2 times)
CV (1 time)
2014 Estimating cost of road traffic injuries in Iran using willingness to pay (WTP) method.
24  Index of Relative Rurality
(5 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
RUCA (2 times)
ACA (1 time)
FAR (1 time)
2015 Adapting the Index of Relative Rurality (IRR) to Estimate Rurality at the ZIP Code Level: A Rural Classification System in Health Services Research.
25  immune response rate
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
Ab (1 time)
CRRs (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2016 Genome-wide miRNA screening reveals miR-310 family members negatively regulate the immune response in Drosophila melanogaster via co-targeting Drosomycin.
26  independent radiologic review
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ALK (2 times)
ORR (2 times)
CRC (1 time)
2012 Independent radiologic review in metastatic colorectal cancer: systematic review and meta-analysis.
27  infection-related readmission
(4 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(3 times)
BSI (2 times)
OAI (2 times)
ADEs (1 time)
2016 Outpatient use of ceftaroline fosamil versus vancomycin for osteoarticular infection: a matched cohort study.
28  infrared reflectography
(4 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(2 times)
muXRF (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
UDs (1 time)
2011 The use of a multi-method approach to identify the pigments in the 12th century manuscript Liber Floridus.
29  integrative reactivation and rehabilitation
(4 times)
Geriatrics
(4 times)
UC (2 times)
BI (1 time)
CB (1 time)
2010 Integrative psychotherapeutic nursing home program to reduce multiple psychiatric symptoms of cognitively impaired patients and caregiver burden: randomized controlled trial.
30  interrater
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
TRR (2 times)
ASIA (1 time)
ED (1 time)
1998 Reliability of four simple, quantitative tests of balance and mobility in healthy elderly females.
31  irradiated
(4 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
ALN (1 time)
ALN/IRR (1 time)
CLSM (1 time)
2013 Radioprotective effect of sodium selenite on bone repair in the tibia of ovariectomized rats.
32  increased risk of BCa
(3 times)
Digestive System Diseases
(1 time)
ASR (1 time)
BCa (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2017 De novo cancer in patients on dialysis and after renal transplantation: north-western Italy, 1997-2012.
33  inferior rectus recession
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
SOP (2 times)
ASOP (1 time)
CSOP (1 time)
2013 Effects of vertical muscle surgery on differences in the orientation of Listing's plane in patients with superior oblique palsy.
34  initial response requirement
(3 times)
Psychopharmacology
(2 times)
PR (2 times)
3-MNTX (1 time)
i.v (1 time)
2002 Self-administration of cocaine, alfentanil, and nalbuphine under progressive-ratio schedules: consumer demand and labor supply analyses of relative reinforcing effectiveness.
35  interfacial reduction reaction
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CPs (1 time)
LbL (1 time)
2018 Spontaneous Reduction of Copper(II) to Copper(I) at Solid-Liquid Interface.
36  irritation
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
TC (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2010 The influence of menthol on thermoregulation and perception during exercise in warm, humid conditions.
37  iterative reconstruction-reprojection
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
CT (2 times)
ART (1 time)
EM (1 time)
1985 Projection space iteration reconstruction-reprojection.
38  triiodide reduction reaction
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
HER (3 times)
CNTs (1 time)
DSSCs (1 time)
2021 Strategic Design of a Bifunctional NiFeCoW@NC Hybrid to Replace the Noble Platinum for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells and Hydrogen Evolution Reactions.
39  immediate radical re-resection
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
IGBC (2 times)
GR (1 time)
LC (1 time)
2013 Prognosis of incidental gallbladder carcinoma is not influenced by the primary access technique: analysis of 837 incidental gallbladder carcinomas in the German Registry.
40  immunoreactive active renin
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
PRA (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
ANP (1 time)
1997 Serum angiotensin-converting enzyme activity correlates positively with plasma angiotensin II: a population-based study of ambulatory blood pressure and the renin-angiotensin system.
41  immunoreactive renin
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
PRA (2 times)
BP (1 time)
HR (1 time)
1993 Effects of an orally active renin inhibitor, Ro 42-5892, in patients with essential hypertension.
42  IMMUNOREGULATORY RNA-BINDING PROTEIN
(2 times)
Plants
(1 time)
BAP (1 time)
CPK28 (1 time)
Peps (1 time)
2020 Dynamic regulation of Pep-induced immunity through post-translational control of defence transcript splicing.
43  improvement trend
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2018 Implementation of a multifaceted program to sustainably improve appropriate intraoperative antibiotic redosing.
44  incidence was on average higher in Denmark
(2 times)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2019 Comparing fatal occupational accidents in Denmark and Sweden 1993-2012.
45  increased excursion opportunities
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2020 Motivation for and Effect of Cooking Class Participation: A Cross-Sectional Study Following the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami.
46  increased respiratory resistance
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
BCG (1 time)
2005 Automatic detection of spiking events in EMFi sheet during sleep.
47  individuals from Sub-Saharan Africa
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2022 Higher rates of first episode psychosis in immigrants admitted in inpatient unit at southwest Spain.
48  infection rate ratio
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
APV (1 time)
ASH (1 time)
BSI (1 time)
2010 Two nations: racial disparities in bloodstream infections recorded at Alice Springs Hospital, central Australia, 2001-2005.
49  infrared reflectance
(2 times)
Eye Diseases
(1 time)
NIR-AF (1 time)
OA (1 time)
OCA (1 time)
2014 Concentric macular rings sign in patients with foveal hypoplasia.
50  injury rates
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2020 Females Sustain more Ankle Injuries than Males in Youth Football.
51  injury risk ratio
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
FIFA (1 time)
NH (1 time)
2016 Effect of Injury Prevention Programs that Include the Nordic Hamstring Exercise on Hamstring Injury Rates in Soccer Players: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
52  inner rural
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
2010 Urban-rural differences of age- and species-specific campylobacteriosis incidence, Hesse, Germany, July 2005 - June 2006.
53  intensive residential rehabilitation
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
RSL (1 time)
SLR (1 time)
2011 Progress assessed with the Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory in 604 participants in 4 types of post-inpatient rehabilitation brain injury programs.
54  inter-year control period, was significant for non ST-segment elevation MI
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
IRs (1 time)
MI (1 time)
2021 Return towards normality in admissions for myocardial infarction after the lockdown removal for COVID-19 outbreak in Italy.
55  inter-year control periods
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
2021 Reduction of admissions for urgent and elective pacemaker implant during the COVID-19 outbreak in Northern Italy.
56  interaction relative risk
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AQI (2 times)
RERI (2 times)
CAHs (1 time)
2020 Interactions between climate factors and air quality index for improved childhood asthma self-management.
57  intracerebral hemorrhage
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2018 Excess stroke incidence in young Aboriginal people in South Australia: Pooled results from two population-based studies.
58  Intrarenal vascular resistance
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
LDH (1 time)
NHB (1 time)
WI (1 time)
1999 The value of dextran 12,000 in ischemically damaged canine kidneys during machine perfusion.
59  inversely associated with aggressive UCC
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
IRRs (2 times)
UCC (2 times)
2012 Plasma carotenoids and vitamin C concentrations and risk of urothelial cell carcinoma in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition.
60  inversely associated with risk of nonaggressive UCC
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
IRRs (2 times)
UCC (2 times)
2012 Plasma carotenoids and vitamin C concentrations and risk of urothelial cell carcinoma in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition.
61  inverted repeat region
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
bp (1 time)
RTP (1 time)
1990 Identification of the replication terminator protein binding sites in the terminus region of the Bacillus subtilis chromosome and stoichiometry of the binding.
62  irradiationresistant
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
UCA1 (2 times)
HK2 (1 time)
lncRNA (1 time)
2016 Long non-coding RNA urothelial carcinoma associated 1 (UCA1) mediates radiation response in prostate cancer.
63  irregular course
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1989 Previous pattern of course of the illness as a predictor of response to lithium prophylaxis in bipolar patients.
64  irreversible
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
EA (1 time)
EE (1 time)
MOII (1 time)
1990 99Tcm-methoxy-isobutyl-isonitrile SPECT to evaluate a perfusion index from regional myocardial uptake after exercise and at rest. Results of a four hour protocol in patients with coronary heart disease and in controls.
65  irrigated
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
AREB (1 time)
CT (1 time)
DREB (1 time)
2010 Heat and drought adaptive QTL in a wheat population designed to minimize confounding agronomic effects.
66  isolated regional recurrence
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DR (1 time)
ENI (1 time)
HNSCC (1 time)
2017 Elective nodal dose of 60 Gy or 50 Gy in head and neck cancers: A matched pair analysis of outcomes and toxicity.
67  unadjustedincidence rate ratio
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
AIB (1 time)
C-SURF (1 time)
2018 Is combined cataract surgery associated with acute postoperative endophthalmitis? A nationwide study from 2005 to 2014.
68  anemia-incident rate ratio
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2018 Anemia in hospitalized patients: an overlooked risk in medical care.
69  copper-impregnated linen
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
HAI (1 time)
MDRO (1 time)
2020 Efficacy of copper-impregnated hospital linen in reducing healthcare-associated infections: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
70  Dementia risk rose with age
(1 time)
Dementia
(1 time)
--- 2019 Incidence of dementia in the oldest-old and its relationship with age: The Monzino 80-plus population-based study.
71  facility reimbursement rate relative to GDP
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
FDR (1 time)
GDP (1 time)
RRT (1 time)
2011 Global variation in renal replacement therapy for end-stage renal disease.
72  gamma-irradiated
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GPx (1 time)
IL-1beta (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
2019 The potential effect of methylseleninic acid (MSA) against gamma-irradiation induced testicular damage in rats: Impact on JAK/STAT pathway.
73  gamma-irradiation
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
BrdU (1 time)
CLFS (1 time)
2006 Effect of satellite cell ablation on low-frequency-stimulated fast-to-slow fibre-type transitions in rat skeletal muscle.
74  I3- reduction reaction
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
DSSC (1 time)
PCE (1 time)
Pt (1 time)
2019 Chlorine-Doped Perovskite Oxide: A Platinum-Free Cathode for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells.
75  ICU has not been verified after implementation of the bundle
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CVC-BSIs (1 time)
ICUs (1 time)
2019 Incidence of Central Venous Catheter-Related Bloodstream Infections: Evaluation of Bundle Prevention in Two Intensive Care Units in Central Brazil.
76  Idiopathic root resorption
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2016 Localized idiopathic root resorption in the primary dentition: Review of the literature and a case report.
77  IFN response region
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
MHC (1 time)
NK (1 time)
UIRR (1 time)
2004 A GATA factor mediates cell type-restricted induction of HLA-E gene transcription by gamma interferon.
78  IIR was also reduced for NMC compared with control players
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
IIRs (1 time)
IRRs (1 time)
LLIs (1 time)
2015 Preventing Australian football injuries with a targeted neuromuscular control exercise programme: comparative injury rates from a training intervention delivered in a clustered randomised controlled trial.
79  IIV group compared with the control group
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
Mali (1 time)
2018 Maternal Influenza Immunization and Prevention of Severe Clinical Pneumonia in Young Infants: Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials Conducted in Nepal, Mali and South Africa.
80  IIV group versus the control group
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
Mali (1 time)
2018 Maternal Influenza Immunization and Prevention of Severe Clinical Pneumonia in Young Infants: Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials Conducted in Nepal, Mali and South Africa.
81  ileal remnant repressed
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
--- 2000 Novel goblet cell gene related to IgGFcgammaBP is regulated in adapting gut after small bowel resection.
82  illegitimate recombination regions
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
bp (1 time)
1988 Compilation of DNA strand exchange sites for non-homologous recombination in somatic cells.
83  Illness Risk Representations
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
PA (1 time)
2019 Illness Risk Representation beliefs underlying adolescents' cardiovascular disease risk appraisals and the preventative role of physical activity.
84  illness was not significantly different between groups
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
GI (1 time)
2005 A randomized, controlled trial of a multifaceted intervention including alcohol-based hand sanitizer and hand-hygiene education to reduce illness transmission in the home.
85  illness, caregiver depression was associated with fewer child SFDs
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
SFDs (1 time)
SLE (1 time)
2022 Stressful life events, caregiver depressive symptoms, and child asthma symptom-free days: a longitudinal analysis.
86  image-rejection ratio
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
NF (1 time)
RF (1 time)
2021 Design and Analysis of a Reconfigurable Gilbert Mixer for Software-Defined Radios.
87  imagery rescripting and rehearsal
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
ICNC (1 time)
2012 Efficacy of psychological interventions aiming to reduce chronic nightmares: a meta-analysis.
88  IMD related readmissions
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
IMD (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
2014 The inpatient costs and hospital service use associated with invasive meningococcal disease in South Australian children.
89  immediate re-resection
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
IGBC (1 time)
2008 Immediate re-resection of T1 incidental gallbladder carcinomas: a survival analysis of the German Registry.
90  immune radioresistant
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HRR (1 time)
HRS (1 time)
IRS (1 time)
2022 Integration of immune and hypoxia gene signatures improves the prediction of radiosensitivity in breast cancer.
91  immune-receptor repertoire
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
BCRs (1 time)
COVID (1 time)
PC1 (1 time)
2021 Profiling of the immune repertoire in COVID-19 patients with mild, severe, convalescent, or retesting-positive status.
92  immunoreactive renal renin
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
RRA (1 time)
1999 Ontogeny of renal renin in congenital hypothyroid rats.
93  impact rate ratios
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AE (1 time)
CI (1 time)
IR (1 time)
2019 A Comparison of Youth Flag and Tackle Football Head Impact Biomechanics.
94  impacted residual roots
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
ISQ (1 time)
2021 Digital guides to facilitate retained root removal and simultaneous implant placement.
95  impairment when tested on the new locomotor task
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
NE (1 time)
REG (1 time)
1984 Cerebellar norepinephrine depletion and impaired acquisition of specific locomotor tasks in rats.
96  implant retained restorations
(1 time)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
CRR (1 time)
SRR (1 time)
2015 Knowledge and practice of implant-retained restorations among dental students in Saudi Arabia.
97  implantation and from another
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
--- 1993 The significance of morphologically viable glioma cells found at the time of operation after interstitial brachytherapy.
98  implanted with BV had lower rates of stroke
(1 time)
Biomedical Technology
(1 time)
AMI (1 time)
AVR (1 time)
BV (1 time)
2020 Age-stratified outcomes of bioprosthetic and mechanical aortic valve replacements in an Australian cohort of 13 377 patients.
99  implicit redundant representation
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
GA (1 time)
1999 Implicit representation in genetic algorithms using redundancy.
100  impoverishment risks and reconstruction
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 2012 Project-induced displacement, secondary stressors, and health.