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Abbreviation: IRs
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Long forms: 118

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
incidence rates
(356 times)
Rheumatology
(39 times)
CI (68 times)
IRRs (49 times)
RA (32 times)
1985 Cancer of the cervix. Some aspects of epidemiology, screening, risk factors and survival.
inverted repeats
(165 times)
Molecular Biology
(41 times)
LSC (48 times)
SSC (47 times)
cp (30 times)
1986 Transcription of the S-2 maize mitochondrial plasmid.
ionotropic receptors
(128 times)
Genetics
(33 times)
ORs (93 times)
GRs (57 times)
OBPs (53 times)
2009 Variant ionotropic glutamate receptors as chemosensory receptors in Drosophila.
insulin receptors
(73 times)
Endocrinology
(13 times)
IRS-1 (5 times)
PI3K (5 times)
i.c.v (4 times)
1989 Inhibition of insulin receptor phosphorylation by peptides derived from major histocompatibility complex class I antigens.
interventional radiologists
(40 times)
Radiology
(31 times)
VSs (5 times)
ICs (4 times)
AE (2 times)
2001 The current status of interventional radiology in Canada: results of a survey by the Canadian Interventional Radiology Association.
immunoreactivities
(34 times)
Neurology
(20 times)
5-HT (5 times)
GFAP (4 times)
i.c.v (2 times)
1979 Characterization of lipotropin-, corticotropin-, and beta-endorphin-immunoreactive materials secreted in vitro by a human pituitary adenoma responsible for a case of Nelson's syndrome.
infusion reactions
(24 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
PEG (2 times)
SCCHN (2 times)
SUA (2 times)
2005 Premedication and infusion reactions with infliximab: results from a pediatric inflammatory bowel disease consortium.
inverted repeat sequences
(22 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
LSC (3 times)
SSC (3 times)
cp (2 times)
1988 Factors that affect transposition mediated by the Tn21 transposase.
inhibitory receptors
(19 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
ICB (2 times)
LAG3 (2 times)
NK (2 times)
2000 Expression of inhibitory receptors for MHC class I molecules on T cells.
10  imidazoline receptors
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
A2Rs (1 time)
alpha-ARs (1 time)
alpha2-AR (1 time)
1993 Relevance of the use of [3H]-clonidine to identify imidazoline receptors in the rabbit brainstem.
11  incidence ratios
(13 times)
Communicable Diseases
(3 times)
CIs (2 times)
ADRS (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
1999 Analysis of incidence of childhood cancer in the West Midlands of the United Kingdom in relation to proximity to main roads and petrol stations.
12  implantation rates
(11 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(9 times)
CI (3 times)
AH (1 time)
CPRs (1 time)
2003 Overnight incubation improves selection of frozen-thawed blastocysts for transfer: preliminary study using supernumerary embryos.
13  intergenic regions
(10 times)
Virology
(4 times)
EBOV (2 times)
UTRs (2 times)
3'-UTRs (1 time)
1995 Intergenic regions between tandem gp63 genes influence the differential expression of gp63 RNAs in Leishmania chagasi promastigotes.
14  incident reports
(9 times)
Emergency Medicine
(4 times)
ED (3 times)
ME (2 times)
AGG (1 time)
2000 Medication error reporting: a survey of nursing staff.
15  immunological responders
(7 times)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
INRs (6 times)
ART (2 times)
ADCC (1 time)
2010 Long-term mortality in HIV patients virally suppressed for more than three years with incomplete CD4 recovery: a cohort study.
16  inhibition rates
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
HCC (2 times)
HDRA (2 times)
MDR (2 times)
1999 Clinical application of an in vitro chemosensitivity test, the Histoculture Drug Response Assay, to urological cancers: wide distribution of inhibition rates in bladder cancer and renal cell cancer.
17  immune responses
(6 times)
Host-Parasite Interactions
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
auto-HCT (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1990 Comparison of immune-mediated models of acute and chronic otitis media.
18  injury rates
(6 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
AEs (4 times)
IRRs (3 times)
LE (1 time)
1999 Injuries to Swedish school pupils: Distribution and patterns by type of school and type of municipality.
19  ionizing radiations
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
DNA (1 time)
DSBs (1 time)
DTC (1 time)
2014 Concerted action of Nrf2-ARE pathway, MRN complex, HMGB1 and inflammatory cytokines - implication in modification of radiation damage.
20  illness representations
(5 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
AIRS (2 times)
HCP (2 times)
AIRS-S (1 time)
2010 Mediation by illness perceptions of the effect of personality and health threat communication on coping with the diagnosis of diabetes.
21  institutional repositories
(5 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
IRCCS (1 time)
ISS (1 time)
LIS (1 time)
2010 Data sharing, small science and institutional repositories.
22  isotope ratios
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
BLL (1 time)
char (1 time)
ICP-MS (1 time)
1989 Pharmacokinetic equivalence of 5(ethyl(2H)5)- and unlabelled phenobarbitone.
23  CRHR2-immunoreactivities
(4 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
CRH (3 times)
CRHR1 (2 times)
CRHR2 (2 times)
2000 Simultaneous depletion of neurokinin A, substance P and calcitonin gene-related peptide from the caudal trigeminal nucleus of the rat during electrical stimulation of the trigeminal ganglion.
24  immediate reactions
(4 times)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
NSAIDs (2 times)
AMX/CLV (1 time)
BLs (1 time)
2010 Delayed adverse reactions to blood donation.
25  increase ratios
(4 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
ADCs (1 time)
CRs (1 time)
DNP-As (1 time)
2007 Clinical role of 123I-IMP SPECT for the differential diagnosis of ocular malignant melanoma: a time-course analysis.
26  institutional representatives
(4 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
DPCs (1 time)
1997 The ethics of scientific research: an analysis of focus groups of scientists and institutional representatives.
27  internal rotators
(4 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
ERs (3 times)
A/S (1 time)
ADD (1 time)
2010 Shoulder function after latissimus dorsi transfer in breast reconstruction.
28  impulse responses
(3 times)
Audiology
(1 time)
ABRs (1 time)
BM (1 time)
CEOAEs (1 time)
2013 Cochlear contributions to the precedence effect.
29  infection responses
(3 times)
Botany
(2 times)
QTL (1 time)
SSLB (1 time)
1997 Genetics of Virulence in Cochliobolus sativus and Resistance in Barley.
30  intracellular receptors
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
EDs (1 time)
2001 Drug discovery and the intracellular receptor family.
31  ionizing-radiation sensitive
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
DSB (3 times)
NER (1 time)
1995 Complementation of the ionizing radiation sensitivity, DNA end binding, and V(D)J recombination defects of double-strand break repair mutants by the p86 Ku autoantigen.
32  ionotropic glutamate receptors
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
GRs (2 times)
ORs (2 times)
Orco (1 time)
2012 Phylogenetic and transcriptomic analysis of chemosensory receptors in a pair of divergent ant species reveals sex-specific signatures of odor coding.
33  irreducible representations
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PIR (1 time)
SGs (1 time)
2013 Tabulation of irreducible representations of the crystallographic space groups and their superspace extensions.
34  Ischemic retinopathies
(3 times)
Antioxidants
(1 time)
ABA (1 time)
AMD (1 time)
DR (1 time)
2017 Ischemic Retinopathies: Oxidative Stress and Inflammation.
35  ideas of reference
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
SD (1 time)
TECS (1 time)
2019 Examining the structure of ideas of reference in clinical and community samples.
36  inadequate responders
(2 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
ARs (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2012 Risk factors for prediction of inadequate response to antiresorptives.
37  incomplete responders
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CRs (2 times)
AML (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2016 STAT3 polymorphisms may predict an unfavorable response to first-line platinum-based therapy for women with advanced serous epithelial ovarian cancer.
38  inconsistent responders
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
CRs (1 time)
DK (1 time)
1989 Data quality and age: health and psychobehavioral correlates of item nonresponse and inconsistent responses.
39  infection rates
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PEEK (1 time)
2017 Novel Indices of Meterological Drivers of West Nile Virus in Ohio Culex Species Mosquitoes From 2002-2006.
40  information requests
(2 times)
Audiology
(1 time)
CIs (1 time)
DIRs (1 time)
NH (1 time)
2017 Discourse Strategies and the Production of Prosody by Prelingually Deaf Adolescent Cochlear Implant Users.
41  infusion rates
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
AST (1 time)
CK (1 time)
LDH (1 time)
1995 The effect of plasma cholinesterase activity on mivacurium infusion rates.
42  infusion-related reactions
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
OLE (1 time)
RCT (1 time)
sUA (1 time)
2013 Long-term safety of pegloticase in chronic gout refractory to conventional treatment.
43  inherited retinopathies
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
AAV (2 times)
PRs (2 times)
Ad (1 time)
2012 Gene therapy of inherited retinopathies: a long and successful road from viral vectors to patients.
44  initiation regions
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
TNR (1 time)
2003 Candidate DNA replication initiation regions at human trinucleotide repeat disease loci.
45  input resistances
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
dl-TMN (1 time)
MNs (1 time)
2010 Recruitment of masseter motoneurons by the presumed spindle Ia inputs.
46  integrated reporters
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
BA (1 time)
gRNA (1 time)
IDP (1 time)
1982 Hypopituitarism and idiopathic delayed puberty: a longitudinal study in an attempt to diagnose gonadotropin deficiency before puberty.
47  interacting regions
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
N-WASP (1 time)
PPIs (1 time)
2012 IRView: a database and viewer for protein interacting regions.
48  intraoral radiographs
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CBCT (1 time)
CBVT (1 time)
CEJ (1 time)
2009 Comparison of clinical, periapical radiograph, and cone-beam volume tomography measurement techniques for assessing bone level changes following regenerative periodontal therapy.
49  inverted half-repeats
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
DRs (2 times)
EM (1 time)
ori (1 time)
1998 Assemblies of replication initiator protein on symmetric and asymmetric DNA sequences depend on multiple protein oligomerization surfaces.
50  isolation rooms
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
TB (1 time)
1998 APIC and CDC survey of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolation and control practices in hospitals caring for children. Part 2: Environmental and administrative controls. Association for Professionals in Infection control and Epidemiology, Inc.
51  iterative reconstructions
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
CT (2 times)
FBP (2 times)
CNR (1 time)
2014 Feasibility of single-source dual-energy computed tomography for urinary stone characterization and value of iterative reconstructions.
52  imidazoline specific receptors
(1 time)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
A2Rs (1 time)
alpha-MNA (1 time)
IMs (1 time)
2000 Imidazoline receptors: a challenge.
53  immobility responses
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
CAT (1 time)
DI (1 time)
2006 Differential effect of testosterone and repetitive induction on cataleptic and dorsal immobility in mice.
54  Immunisation registries
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Immunisation Registries at regional level in Italy and the roadmap for a future Italian National Registry.
55  impairment ratings
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
LSUHSC (1 time)
2009 Management of one hundred seventy-one operative and nonoperative obstetrical birth palsies at the Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center.
56  impedance ratios
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
BIA (1 time)
2019 Raw Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis Variables Are Independent Predictors of Early All-Cause Mortality in Patients With COPD.
57  implantable resonators
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
EPR (1 time)
S/N (1 time)
2012 Dynamic changes in oxygenation of intracranial tumor and contralateral brain during tumor growth and carbogen breathing: a multisite EPR oximetry with implantable resonators.
58  improvement rates
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
CIVDH (1 time)
JOA (1 time)
PEATCD (1 time)
2018 Percutaneous Full-Endoscopic Anterior Transcorporeal Procedure for Cervical Disc Herniation: A Novel Procedure and Early Follow-Up Study.
59  inactivation rates
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
MMs (1 time)
RT-PCR (1 time)
TMs (1 time)
2017 Establishment and Validation of RNA-Based Predictive Models for Understanding Survival of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Oysters Stored at Low Temperatures.
60  inadequate responses
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
AEs (1 time)
cDMARDs (1 time)
CrI (1 time)
2017 A comparison of discontinuation rates of tofacitinib and biologic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs in rheumatoid arthritis: a systematic review and Bayesian network meta-analysis.
61  incidence density ratios
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
ECC (1 time)
2017 Overweight, obese, underweight, and frequency of sugar consumption as risk indicators for early childhood caries in Brazilian preschool children.
62  Incidence rates of discontinuation
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
ADRs (1 time)
BA (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2016 Long-term drug survival of biological agents in patients with rheumatoid arthritis in clinical practice.
63  incidence rates of recurrence
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Sex difference in risk of recurrent venous thrombosis and the risk profile for a second event.
64  Inclusion Researchers
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
CBPR (1 time)
2008 A participatory group process to analyze qualitative data.
65  incomplete revascularizations
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2005 Incomplete revascularization during OPCAB surgery is associated with reduced mid-term event-free survival.
66  Inconclusive test reactors
(1 time)
Animal Diseases
(1 time)
TB (1 time)
2018 Exploring the Fate of Cattle Herds With Inconclusive Reactors to the Tuberculin Skin Test.
67  increases rates of implantation
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
CPR (1 time)
HETM (1 time)
NNT (1 time)
2008 Effect of hyaluronan-enriched transfer medium on implantation and pregnancy rates after day 3 and day 5 embryo transfers: a prospective randomized study.
68  incremental responses
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
CeM (1 time)
ESM (1 time)
MRF (1 time)
1989 Ethosuximide alters intrathalamic and thalamocortical synchronizing mechanisms: a possible explanation of its antiabsence effect.
69  index recruiters
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
FNMs (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
2013 An assessment of the feasibility and acceptability of a friendship-based social network recruitment strategy to screen at-risk African American and Hispanic/Latina young women for HIV infection.
70  Indian reservations
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
NH (1 time)
2018 Patterns and correlates of purchasing cigarettes on Indian reservations among daily smokers in the United States.
71  Indian Reserves
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 1992 Indian Reserve and registered Indian mortality in Canada.
72  indirect requests
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2012 Pragmatics in action: indirect requests engage theory of mind areas and the cortical motor network.
73  induction ratios
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Ah (1 time)
dw (1 time)
EEQs (1 time)
2015 The toxicity of sediments from Taihu Lake evaluated by several in vitro bioassays.
74  infant Wistar rats
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
ARs (1 time)
SC (1 time)
2011 [Differences of apoptotic-regulating gene expression in the hippocampus in rats with different ages after status convulsion].
75  infarct ratios
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
MRI (1 time)
MRS (1 time)
2003 MRI/MRS evaluation of cariporide in a canine long-term model of reperfused ischemic insults. Magnetic resonance imaging/magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
76  Inflammatory reactions
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Inflammatory reactions and drug response: importance of cytochrome P450 and membrane transporters.
77  information rates
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
DDLMS (1 time)
FEC (1 time)
PCS (1 time)
2020 Wide range rate adaptation of QAM-based probabilistic constellation shaping using a fixed FEC with blind adaptive equalization.
78  ingestion rates
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
FLBs (1 time)
SE (1 time)
2019 Abiotic and Biotic Factors Affecting the Ingestion Rates of Mixotrophic Nanoflagellates (Haptophyta).
79  inhibitory immune checkpoint receptors
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 2019 Regulatory Mechanisms of Inhibitory Immune Checkpoint Receptors Expression.
80  Insect repellents
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
APCI (1 time)
HQs (1 time)
2018 On-line solid phase extraction-liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry for insect repellent residue analysis in surface waters using atmospheric pressure photoionization.
81  insulin regimens
(1 time)
Diabetes Mellitus
(1 time)
DD (1 time)
HAD-D (1 time)
T1D (1 time)
2019 Relatively young T1D adults using fixed doses of insulin have higher diabetes distress levels in a sample of patients from a Brazilian tertiary hospital.
82  insulin requirements
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
GR (1 time)
1993 Protein and fat effects on glucose responses and insulin requirements in subjects with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
83  insulin resistance was demonstrated by reduced presence of insulin receptor
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
HFD (1 time)
2015 Insulin Resistance as Common Molecular Denominator Linking Obesity to Alzheimer's Disease.
84  Insulin-like Receptors
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Divergent evolution and clade-specific duplications of the Insulin-like Receptor in malacostracan crustaceans.
85  insurance reimbursements
(1 time)
HIRA (1 time)
2017 Current Status of Pathologic Examinations in Korea, 2011-2015, Based on the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service Dataset.
86  Integrated residents
(1 time)
Primary Health Care
(1 time)
--- 2009 The University of Missouri integrated residency: evaluating a 4-year curriculum.
87  intense SVCT immunoreactivities
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
SVCTs (1 time)
2005 Immunohistochemical study on the distribution of sodium-dependent vitamin C transporters in the respiratory system of adult rat.
88  intensification regimens
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
PSS (1 time)
SCC (1 time)
2004 Disease control, survival, and functional outcome after multimodal treatment for advanced-stage tongue base cancer.
89  inter-repeats
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 2002 MAP2 and tau bind longitudinally along the outer ridges of microtubule protofilaments.
90  interchange ratios
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
OSA (1 time)
2019 Microbial community shifts in the oxic-settling-anoxic process in response to changes to sludge interchange ratio.
91  interdependent relationships
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AURPC (1 time)
2013 ZincExplorer: an accurate hybrid method to improve the prediction of zinc-binding sites from protein sequences.
92  Interdisciplinary rounds
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 2004 Effects of interdisciplinary rounds on length of stay in a telemetry unit.
93  intermediate responders
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
BCRP1 (1 time)
CSC (1 time)
2012 The gefitinib long-term responder (LTR)--a cancer stem-like cell story? Insights from molecular analyses of German long-term responders treated in the IRESSA expanded access program (EAP).
94  intermittent responders
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CRs (1 time)
EoE (1 time)
HPF (1 time)
2019 Evaluation of long-term course in children with eosinophilic esophagitis reveals distinct histologic patterns and clinical characteristics.
95  internal repeats
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
LPS (1 time)
ORF (1 time)
UTR (1 time)
2016 Identification and functional characterization of a novel antistasin/WAP-like serine protease inhibitor from the tropical sea cucumber, Stichopus monotuberculatus.
96  internal short inverted repeat
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
MDV-1 (1 time)
US (1 time)
1996 Asymmetric deletion of the junction between the short unique region and the inverted repeat does not affect viral growth in culture and vaccine-induced immunity against Marek's disease.
97  international rotations
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
EM (1 time)
IEM (1 time)
2013 Availability and potential impact of international rotations in emergency medicine residency programs.
98  intersignal reactions
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
CAE (1 time)
CARs (1 time)
1996 High performing rats are more sensitive toward catecholaminergic activity enhancer (CAE) compounds than their low performing peers.
99  intersubtype recombinants
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
2010 Molecular epidemiology of HIV type 1 in Mexico: emergence of BG and BF intersubtype recombinants.
100  intervals
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
IPC (1 time)
ITS (1 time)
2017 Time to diagnosis and treatment for cancer patients in the Netherlands: Room for improvement?