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Abbreviation: ISI
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
interstimulus interval
(1130 times)
Neurology
(406 times)
TMS (83 times)
CS (47 times)
MEPs (40 times)
1971 Refractoriness of on extended movement to directional change.
insulin sensitivity index
(460 times)
Endocrinology
(130 times)
BMI (88 times)
OGTT (86 times)
HOMA-IR (69 times)
1987 Increased insulin binding of erythrocytes and insulin sensitivity in adrenal insufficiency.
Insomnia Severity Index
(367 times)
Psychophysiology
(104 times)
PSQI (95 times)
ESS (58 times)
CBT-I (35 times)
2001 Validation of the Insomnia Severity Index as an outcome measure for insomnia research.
Institute for Scientific Information
(166 times)
Medicine
(50 times)
CI (22 times)
CENTRAL (18 times)
IF (14 times)
1988 Citation classics: most-cited articles from Archives of PM&R.
International Sensitivity Index
(160 times)
Hematology
(68 times)
INR (109 times)
PT (70 times)
MNPT (12 times)
1984 The calibration of the second primary international reference preparation for thromboplastin (thromboplastin, human, plain, coded BCT/253).
inter-symbol interference
(62 times)
Ophthalmology
(37 times)
BER (16 times)
DFE (5 times)
CEMC (4 times)
1993 Design of SAW FIR filters for quadrature binary modulation systems.
increased signal intensity
(39 times)
Orthopedics
(16 times)
MRI (21 times)
CSM (19 times)
JOA (18 times)
2000 Increased signal intensity of the spinal cord on magnetic resonance images in cervical compressive myelopathy. Does it predict the outcome of conservative treatment?
insulin sensitivity
(26 times)
Metabolism
(6 times)
OGTT (8 times)
TG (4 times)
BMI (3 times)
1997 Salt sensitivity and insulin resistance in normotensives.
initial slope index
(25 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
rCBF (9 times)
CBF (8 times)
SAH (3 times)
1975 Regional cerebral blood flow by 133xenon inhalation.
10  Incontinence Severity Index
(24 times)
Urology
(15 times)
UI (9 times)
SUI (7 times)
FI (3 times)
2006 Validity of the incontinence severity index: comparison with pad-weighing tests.
11  Insall-Salvati index
(12 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
CDI (4 times)
HTO (4 times)
CI (3 times)
2005 Evaluation of patellar height and measurement methods after valgus high tibial osteotomy.
12  insomnia
(12 times)
Pain
(2 times)
PDI (2 times)
SOC (2 times)
BRS (1 time)
2009 The development and evaluation of a large-scale self-referral CBT-I intervention for men who have insomnia: an exploratory study.
13  ischemic index
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
CRVO (5 times)
UWFFA (4 times)
BRVO (3 times)
2011 Ischemic index and neovascularization in central retinal vein occlusion.
14  inhibition of sporozoite invasion
(7 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
mAb (2 times)
ELISA (1 time)
Ig (1 time)
1989 Plasmodium falciparum: administration of anti-sporozoite antibodies during sporogony results in production of sporozoites which are not neutralized by human anti-circumsporozoite protein vaccine sera.
15  intersaccadic interval
(7 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
K-D (2 times)
MD (1 time)
MS (1 time)
1995 Nonstationary properties of the saccadic system: new constraints on models of saccadic control.
16  initial slope of increase
(6 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
ME (3 times)
TIC (3 times)
TTP (3 times)
1989 [Ca2+]i and contraction of ear artery in response to rapid stimulation by NE: measurements with quin2 and fura-2.
17  impact strength indices
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
BMD (4 times)
CSI (4 times)
FN (2 times)
2011 The interaction between multiplex community networks.
18  Indian Standard Institute
(5 times)
Botany
(3 times)
ICMR (1 time)
WHO (1 time)
WQI (1 time)
1991 Development, acceptability and nutritional value of weaning mixtures.
19  Information Sciences Institute
(5 times)
Emergency Medicine
(3 times)
CENTRAL (5 times)
CI (2 times)
COT (2 times)
2017 Can high-flow nasal cannula reduce the rate of reintubation in adult patients after extubation? A meta-analysis.
20  Identity Style Inventory
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
--- 2009 Brief report: the identity style inventory - validation in Italian adolescents and college students.
21  immunodeficiency scoring index
(4 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
RSV (3 times)
HCT (2 times)
LRI (2 times)
2016 Outcomes of Influenza Infections in Hematopoietic Cell Transplant Recipients: Application of an Immunodeficiency Scoring Index.
22  Incontinence Symptom Index
(4 times)
Urology
(3 times)
AUASI (1 time)
QOL (1 time)
SHIM (1 time)
2008 The association of Incontinence Symptom Index scores with urethral function and support.
23  Insomnia Severity Scale
(4 times)
Family Practice
(1 time)
BAI (1 time)
BDI (1 time)
CBT (1 time)
2016 The Relationship of Caffeine Intake with Depression, Anxiety, Stress, and Sleep in Korean Adolescents.
24  inter-session interval
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
EEG (1 time)
HSR (1 time)
PFC (1 time)
2008 Learning in a task of complex auditory streaming and identification.
25  Interpersonal Style Inventory
(4 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
POMS (1 time)
1978 Higher-Order Personality Factors Of The ISI.
26  intersex index
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
TBT (2 times)
BT (1 time)
LOEs (1 time)
1997 The use of Littorina littorea for tributyltin (TBT) effect monitoring - Results from the German TBT survey 1994/1995 and laboratory experiments.
27  intrinsic signal optical imaging
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ACh (1 time)
BFCS (1 time)
NGF (1 time)
1996 Areal extent quantification of functional representations using intrinsic signal optical imaging.
28  Itch Severity Item
(4 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
AEs (2 times)
DLQI (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2016 Treatment of plaque psoriasis with an ointment formulation of the Janus kinase inhibitor, tofacitinib: a Phase 2b randomized clinical trial.
29  Individualizing Student Instruction
(3 times)
Psychology, Educational
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
2010 First graders' literacy and self-regulation gains: The effect of individualizing student instruction.
30  infectious sacroiliitis
(3 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
MRI (2 times)
CT (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2012 Infectious sacroiliitis: a retrospective, multicentre study of 39 adults.
31  initial state independence
(3 times)
Physics
(2 times)
CMASs (1 time)
eq (1 time)
ETH (1 time)
2010 Necessary condition for the thermalization of a quantum system coupled to a quantum bath.
32  insulin secretion index
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
BIS (1 time)
FFA (1 time)
GLUT2 (1 time)
2008 [Impairment of pancreatic islet beta cell function induced by intermittent high glucose through oxidative and endoplasmic reticulum stress: experiment with rat pancreatic islet beta cells].
33  intensity stain index
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
ASCVD (1 time)
DIA (1 time)
1995 Morphometry and histochemistry of pulmonary arteries in a hypoplastic lung model.
34  inter-SAT interval
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
aEEG (2 times)
BGP (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2017 Effect of general anesthesia on neonatal aEEG-A cohort study of patients with non-cardiac congenital anomalies.
35  interswallow interval
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CD (1 time)
CT (1 time)
FMS (1 time)
1993 Interaction between central pattern generators for breathing and swallowing in the cat.
36  Intrinsic signal imaging
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
HVAs (1 time)
RGCs (1 time)
TTX (1 time)
2000 Visualizing and quantifying evoked cortical activity assessed with intrinsic signal imaging.
37  irregularity skin index
(3 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
FFT (1 time)
2001 Irregularity skin index (ISI): a tool to evaluate skin surface texture.
38  isthmic systolic index
(3 times)
Obstetrics
(3 times)
DA (1 time)
LV (1 time)
PSV (1 time)
2014 Profiling left and right ventricular proportional output during fetal life with a novel systolic index in the aortic isthmus.
39  I See Inside
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
AGP (1 time)
BWG (1 time)
COC (1 time)
2017 Effect of aflatoxin experimental ingestion and Eimeira vaccine challenges on intestinal histopathology and immune cellular dynamic of broilers: applying an Intestinal Health Index.
40  Ileal symbiont intracellularis
(2 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
PCR (1 time)
PE (1 time)
1995 Detection of ileal symbiont intracellularis in porcine faecal samples by polymerase chain reaction.
41  immunoskeletal interface
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
AIDS (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
IL (1 time)
2016 Physiological and pathophysiological bone turnover - role of the immune system.
42  immunostaining intensity
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
PD (2 times)
TH (2 times)
VMAT2 (2 times)
2004 Inverse relationship between the contents of neuromelanin pigment and the vesicular monoamine transporter-2: human midbrain dopamine neurons.
43  implant success index
(2 times)
Technology
(1 time)
WK (1 time)
2012 Comparison of the acceptability of a new scoring system with Misch's classification for dental implant success determination.
44  in situ forming implants
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
NMP (2 times)
BB (1 time)
PEG 400 (1 time)
2013 Are in situ formulations the keys for the therapeutic future of S-nitrosothiols?
45  in situ implant
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
ISM (2 times)
NMP (2 times)
PLGA (2 times)
2012 Development of biodegradable in situ implant and microparticle injectable formulations for sustained delivery of haloperidol.
46  inadvertent social information
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
PI (1 time)
2006 Inadvertent social information in breeding site selection of natal dispersing birds.
47  index of self-incompatibility
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2012 The expression of self-incompatibility in angiosperms is bimodal.
48  induced spatial incoherence
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
--- 1990 Absorption in high-z targets illuminated with 527-nm laser light at high intensity using induced spatial incoherence.
49  initial shunt infection
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
CSF (2 times)
EVD (2 times)
RSI (2 times)
2001 Repeat cerebrospinal fluid shunt infection in children.
50  initiation of sexual intercourse
(2 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
YAS (1 time)
2012 School-related assets and youth risk behaviors: alcohol consumption and sexual activity.
51  injury-to-surgery interval
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ONFH (1 time)
ORIF (1 time)
2012 Injury-to-surgery interval does not affect the occurrence of osteonecrosis of the femoral head: a prospective study in a canine model of femoral neck fractures.
52  inner shell ionization
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BUdR (1 time)
IUdR (1 time)
RBE (1 time)
2003 Clinical significance of atomic inner shell ionization (ISI) and Auger cascade for radiosensitization using IUdR, BUdR, platinum salts, or gadolinium porphyrin compounds.
53  insomnia severity
(2 times)
Behavioral Medicine
(1 time)
CBT-I (1 time)
CES-D (1 time)
2010 The efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia in patients with chronic pain.
54  Insomnia Severity Index scores
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
ACC (1 time)
HRQoL (1 time)
PI (1 time)
2012 Chronic insomnia, quality-of-life, and utility scores: comparison with good sleepers in a cross-sectional international survey.
55  Insomnia Severity Inventory
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CBT-I (1 time)
CSM (1 time)
CTRL (1 time)
2012 Insomnia, sleep quality, pain, and somatic symptoms: sex differences and shared genetic components.
56  instability index
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
d bf (1 time)
RISI (1 time)
RSI (1 time)
2015 An evaluation of a bed instability index as an indicator of habitat quality in mountain streams of the northwestern United States.
57  Instability Severity Index
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
--- 2019 Evaluation of the Instability Severity Index score in predicting failure following arthroscopic Bankart surgery in an active military population.
58  instrumented surface indenter
(2 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
--- 2018 Use of two test methods to ensure accurate surface firmness and stability measurements for accessibility.
59  insulinogenic index
(2 times)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
HDL-C (1 time)
HOMA-beta (1 time)
HOMA-IR (1 time)
2014 Moderate diet-induced weight loss is associated with improved insulin sensitivity in middle-aged healthy obese Korean women.
60  inter stimulusonset interval
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
SE (2 times)
ITI (1 time)
2004 Two types of anticipation in synchronization tapping.
61  inter-segment-interval
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
MT (1 time)
RT (1 time)
1998 Aging and rapid aiming arm movement control.
62  inter-spike interval plots
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
--- 1985 Effects of bath-applied GABA on the firing pattern of cells in an in vitro preparation of mammalian cerebral cortex.
63  interaction-strength-interpolation
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AC (1 time)
CCSD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2010 Accurate calculation and modeling of the adiabatic connection in density functional theory.
64  Interpersonal Stress-Coping Inventory
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
ISI-pre (1 time)
2001 [The relationship between flexibility of coping to stress and depression].
65  interstimulus
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
ERPs (1 time)
ISIs (1 time)
ITI (1 time)
1999 Effect of interstimulus interval on visual P300 in Parkinson's disease.
66  interstitial implant
(2 times)
Radiotherapy
(2 times)
APBI (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
RT (1 time)
1996 The impact of surgical margin status and use of an interstitial implant on T1, T2 oral tongue cancers after surgery.
67  intersystolic interval
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
BRS (1 time)
PWPT (1 time)
SGR (1 time)
1995 [The structure of the variability in operator psychophysiological indices at different levels of body work stress under conditions of prolonged activity].
68  intestinal somatic index
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
HSI (2 times)
AST (1 time)
FCR (1 time)
2018 Substitution of soybean meal with fermented Jatropha kernel meal: effect on growth performance, body composition, and metabolic enzyme activity of Labeo rohita.
69  intralesional steroid injection
(2 times)
Head
(1 time)
BVFL (1 time)
RE (1 time)
SFI (1 time)
2018 Serial In-Office Intralesional Steroid Injections in Airway Stenosis.
70  intraspecific interactions
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2016 Daphnia magna's sense of competition: intra-specific interactions (ISI) alter life history strategies and increase metals toxicity.
71  ISI composite
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
OGTT (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
HOMA (1 time)
2007 [Critical evaluation of the oral glucose tolerance test for the diagnosis of insulin resistance in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome].
72  ISI Web of knowledge
(2 times)
Drug Design
(1 time)
CBM (1 time)
CNKI (1 time)
CYP2A6 (1 time)
2013 Lemont B. Kier: a bibliometric exploration of his scientific production and its use.
73  islet size index
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
IAT (2 times)
IE (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2014 Islet size index as a predictor of outcomes in clinical islet autotransplantation.
74  comprehensive search in PubMed, Web of Science
(1 time)
Biomedical Technology
(1 time)
CBM (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CNKI (1 time)
2013 Correlation of Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile polymorphisms in toll-like receptor 4 gene with digestive cancer risk: A meta-analysis.
75  I-125 seeds interstitial implantation
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
CM (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
QOL (1 time)
2012 The treatment of non-small cell lung cancer by interstitial I-125 seeds implantation combined with chemotherapy and Chinese medicine.
76  iatrogenic splenic injury
(1 time)
Urologic Diseases
(1 time)
RN (1 time)
SCS (1 time)
2015 Experience with sliding-clip splenorrhaphy for splenic injury during radical nephrectomy.
77  identified between both groups on all scores
(1 time)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
RLS-QOL (2 times)
IRLSSG (1 time)
RLS (1 time)
2015 Turkish version of the Johns Hopkins Restless Legs Syndrome Quality of Life Questionnaire (RLS-QoL): validity and reliability study.
78  identified from the Pubmed and Web of Science
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2009 Depression and bone metabolism. A review.
79  ileus of small intestine
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2011 [Laparoscopic adhesiolysis in the treatment of acute adhesive obstruction of the small intestine].
80  Image Severity Index
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BBA (1 time)
mRS (1 time)
2011 Cerebellar bacterial brain abscess: report of eight cases.
81  imaging severity index
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
GCS (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2007 Bacterial brain abscesses: prognostic value of an imaging severity index.
82  imaging-to-surgery time interval
(1 time)
Abdomen
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2018 Preoperative CT in patients with surgically resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma: does the time interval between CT and surgery affect survival?
83  immediate stent implantation
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
DSI (1 time)
PCI (1 time)
TS (1 time)
2011 Effect of delayed vs immediate stent implantation on myocardial perfusion and cardiac function in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous intervention with thrombus aspiration.
84  immediate stenting
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
DEI (1 time)
STEMI (1 time)
TIMI (1 time)
2018 [Deferred versus immediate stenting in patients with ST - segment elevation myocardial infarction and residual large thrombus burden reclassified in the culprit lesion].
85  immuno-specific insulin
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
PI (2 times)
DBP (1 time)
HDL-C (1 time)
1998 Dissimilar association of conventional immuno-reactive versus specific insulin with cardiovascular risk factors: a consequence of proinsulinaemia?
86  immunohistochemical staining index
(1 time)
Anthropology
(1 time)
MVC (1 time)
PPC (1 time)
SI (1 time)
2011 C-myc expression in the microvessels of medulloblastoma.
87  implant-skin interface
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
ESF (1 time)
2015 Assessment of an implant-skin interface scoring system for external skeletal fixation of dogs.
88  Important Safety Information
(1 time)
DTC (1 time)
2017 Assessing Recall and Recognition for Important Safety Information in Digital Promotion for Pharmaceutical Products: Implications for Website Design.
89  in situ infusion
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
MPBC (1 time)
2013 Acute peripheral arterial occlusion: prospective study evaluating intra-arterial thrombolysis with a micro-porous balloon catheter.
90  inability score index
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2013 A new evaluation system for early and successful conservative treatment for acute ischial tuberosity avulsion.
91  incentive spirometer index
(1 time)
ICT (1 time)
IS (1 time)
2019 A Mobile Phone-Based Self-Monitoring Tool for Perioperative Gastric Cancer Patients With Incentive Spirometer: Randomized Controlled Trial.
92  include PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, Web of Science
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2018 Toxocara spp. infection and risk of childhood asthma: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
93  including Cochrane, Scopus, Web of Science
(1 time)
Perinatal Care
(1 time)
RR (1 time)
SGA (1 time)
2019 Maternal anemia during pregnancy and small for gestational age: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
94  including Ovid-SP, Cochrane Library, Pubmed and Web of Science
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CGRP mAbs (1 time)
RCTs (1 time)
2017 Calcitonin gene-related peptide monoclonal antibody for preventive treatment of episodic migraine: A meta analysis.
95  including PubMed, Embase, CNKI, and Web of Science
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
ORs (1 time)
2015 Thrombomodulin -33G/A and Ala455Val polymorphisms are associated with the risk of coronary artery disease: a meta-analysis including 12 584 patients.
96  increased significantly, but peripheral
(1 time)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
GDR (1 time)
GIP (1 time)
GLP-1 (1 time)
2012 The effect of a very low calorie diet on insulin sensitivity, beta cell function, insulin clearance, incretin hormone secretion, androgen levels and body composition in obese young women.
97  increasing Institute for Scientific Information
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
JCCP (1 time)
2011 Ideas for the future of JCCP in terms of content, structure, and format.
98  Index & Social Science Citation Index
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
CMR (1 time)
2018 Strategies to improve recruitment to randomised trials.
99  Index at Web of Science
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2014 Treatment guidelines for Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder: A critical review.
100  index of sexual isolation
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
FRPI (1 time)
MRPI (1 time)
2015 Inter-regional mating compatibility among Bactrocera dorsalis populations in Thailand (Diptera,Tephritidae).