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Abbreviation: ISI
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
interstimulus interval
(1255 times)
Neurology
(441 times)
TMS (100 times)
CS (54 times)
MEPs (44 times)
1971 Refractoriness of on extended movement to directional change.
Insomnia Severity Index
(885 times)
Psychophysiology
(200 times)
PSQI (219 times)
ESS (120 times)
CBT-I (84 times)
2001 Validation of the Insomnia Severity Index as an outcome measure for insomnia research.
insulin sensitivity index
(533 times)
Endocrinology
(143 times)
BMI (99 times)
OGTT (97 times)
HOMA-IR (94 times)
1987 Increased insulin binding of erythrocytes and insulin sensitivity in adrenal insufficiency.
Institute for Scientific Information
(198 times)
Medicine
(51 times)
CI (24 times)
CENTRAL (20 times)
IF (14 times)
1988 Citation classics: most-cited articles from Archives of PM&R.
International Sensitivity Index
(163 times)
Hematology
(70 times)
INR (111 times)
PT (72 times)
MNPT (13 times)
1984 The calibration of the second primary international reference preparation for thromboplastin (thromboplastin, human, plain, coded BCT/253).
inter-symbol interference
(110 times)
Ophthalmology
(60 times)
BER (29 times)
MLSE (7 times)
DFE (6 times)
1993 Design of SAW FIR filters for quadrature binary modulation systems.
increased signal intensity
(56 times)
Orthopedics
(20 times)
MRI (28 times)
JOA (27 times)
CSM (26 times)
2000 Increased signal intensity of the spinal cord on magnetic resonance images in cervical compressive myelopathy. Does it predict the outcome of conservative treatment?
Incontinence Severity Index
(40 times)
Gynecology
(21 times)
SUI (14 times)
UI (13 times)
QoL (4 times)
2006 Validity of the incontinence severity index: comparison with pad-weighing tests.
insulin sensitivity
(31 times)
Metabolism
(7 times)
OGTT (9 times)
TG (4 times)
BMI (3 times)
1997 Salt sensitivity and insulin resistance in normotensives.
10  Insall-Salvati index
(26 times)
Orthopedics
(14 times)
CDI (10 times)
BPI (7 times)
TKA (5 times)
2005 Evaluation of patellar height and measurement methods after valgus high tibial osteotomy.
11  initial slope index
(25 times)
Brain
(7 times)
rCBF (9 times)
CBF (8 times)
SAH (3 times)
1975 Regional cerebral blood flow by 133xenon inhalation.
12  insomnia
(23 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
ESS (2 times)
PDI (2 times)
SOC (2 times)
2009 The development and evaluation of a large-scale self-referral CBT-I intervention for men who have insomnia: an exploratory study.
13  ischemic index
(23 times)
Ophthalmology
(11 times)
UWFFA (11 times)
BRVO (6 times)
CRVO (6 times)
2010 Ischemic index and neovascularization in central retinal vein occlusion.
14  impact strength index
(12 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
CSI (11 times)
BSI (8 times)
BMD (5 times)
2011 The interaction between multiplex community networks.
15  Insomnia Severity Scale
(9 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ESS (3 times)
BAI (1 time)
BDI (1 time)
2016 The Relationship of Caffeine Intake with Depression, Anxiety, Stress, and Sleep in Korean Adolescents.
16  intersaccadic interval
(9 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
K-D (3 times)
MD (1 time)
MS (1 time)
1995 Nonstationary properties of the saccadic system: new constraints on models of saccadic control.
17  initial slope of increase
(8 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
ME (4 times)
TIC (3 times)
TTP (3 times)
1989 [Ca2+]i and contraction of ear artery in response to rapid stimulation by NE: measurements with quin2 and fura-2.
18  immunodeficiency scoring index
(7 times)
Transplantation
(6 times)
RSV (4 times)
HCT (3 times)
LRTI (3 times)
2015 Outcomes of Influenza Infections in Hematopoietic Cell Transplant Recipients: Application of an Immunodeficiency Scoring Index.
19  inhibition of sporozoite invasion
(7 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
mAb (2 times)
ELISA (1 time)
Ig (1 time)
1989 Plasmodium falciparum: administration of anti-sporozoite antibodies during sporogony results in production of sporozoites which are not neutralized by human anti-circumsporozoite protein vaccine sera.
20  Itch Severity Item
(7 times)
Dermatology
(5 times)
DLQI (4 times)
PsA (3 times)
AEs (2 times)
2016 Effect of tofacitinib withdrawal and re-treatment on patient-reported outcomes: results from a Phase 3 study in patients with moderate to severe chronic plaque psoriasis.
21  Incontinence Symptom Index
(6 times)
Urology
(4 times)
AUASI (1 time)
AUS (1 time)
IIQ-7 (1 time)
2008 The association of Incontinence Symptom Index scores with urethral function and support.
22  Information Sciences Institute
(6 times)
Emergency Medicine
(3 times)
CENTRAL (5 times)
CI (2 times)
COT (2 times)
2017 The effect of high-flow nasal cannula in reducing the mortality and the rate of endotracheal intubation when used before mechanical ventilation compared with conventional oxygen therapy and noninvasive positive pressure ventilation. A systematic review and meta-analysis.
23  implant success index
(5 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
MBL (3 times)
BOP (1 time)
IBG (1 time)
2012 Comparison of the acceptability of a new scoring system with Misch's classification for dental implant success determination.
24  Indian Standard Institute
(5 times)
Botany
(3 times)
ICMR (1 time)
WHO (1 time)
WQI (1 time)
1991 Development, acceptability and nutritional value of weaning mixtures.
25  Insomnia Severity Index Scale
(5 times)
Brain
(2 times)
PI (2 times)
PSQI (2 times)
SAS (2 times)
2011 Chronic insomnia, quality-of-life, and utility scores: comparison with good sleepers in a cross-sectional international survey.
26  Instability Severity Index
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
AUC (1 time)
CT (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
2019 Evaluation of the Instability Severity Index score in predicting failure following arthroscopic Bankart surgery in an active military population.
27  inter-SAT interval
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
aEEG (3 times)
SAT rate (2 times)
BGP (1 time)
2017 Effect of general anesthesia on neonatal aEEG-A cohort study of patients with non-cardiac congenital anomalies.
28  intralesional steroid injection
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
BVFL (1 time)
EA (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
2018 Serial In-Office Intralesional Steroid Injections in Airway Stenosis.
29  intrinsic signal optical imaging
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
2PCI (1 time)
ACh (1 time)
BFCS (1 time)
1996 Areal extent quantification of functional representations using intrinsic signal optical imaging.
30  isthmic systolic index
(5 times)
Obstetrics
(4 times)
DA (2 times)
PSV (2 times)
AGA (1 time)
2014 Profiling left and right ventricular proportional output during fetal life with a novel systolic index in the aortic isthmus.
31  I See Inside
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
AGP (1 time)
BE (1 time)
BWG (1 time)
2016 Effect of aflatoxin experimental ingestion and Eimeira vaccine challenges on intestinal histopathology and immune cellular dynamic of broilers: applying an Intestinal Health Index.
32  Identity Style Inventory
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
--- 2008 Brief report: the identity style inventory - validation in Italian adolescents and college students.
33  including Cochrane, Scopus, Web of Science
(4 times)
Perinatal Care
(1 time)
GHL (1 time)
LFTs (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2017 Maternal anemia during pregnancy and small for gestational age: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
34  infectious sacroiliitis
(4 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
MRI (2 times)
BSI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2012 Infectious sacroiliitis: a retrospective, multicentre study of 39 adults.
35  Interpersonal Style Inventory
(4 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
POMS (1 time)
1978 Higher-Order Personality Factors Of The ISI.
36  intersex index
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
TBT (2 times)
BT (1 time)
LOEs (1 time)
1997 The use of Littorina littorea for tributyltin (TBT) effect monitoring - Results from the German TBT survey 1994/1995 and laboratory experiments.
37  interswallow interval
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CD (1 time)
CT (1 time)
DS (1 time)
1993 Interaction between central pattern generators for breathing and swallowing in the cat.
38  intrinsic signal imaging
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
HVAs (2 times)
LFP (1 time)
RGCs (1 time)
2000 Visualizing and quantifying evoked cortical activity assessed with intrinsic signal imaging.
39  including Web of Science
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
TDT (2 times)
HT (1 time)
IA (1 time)
2020 Association of Maternal Dietary Components During Pregnancy and/or Lactation with Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus.
40  Individualizing Student Instruction
(3 times)
Psychology, Educational
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
2010 First graders' literacy and self-regulation gains: The effect of individualizing student instruction.
41  inherent safety index
(3 times)
Chemical Phenomena
(2 times)
PEIs (2 times)
WAR (2 times)
ACD (1 time)
2020 Environmental and Safety Assessments of Industrial Production of Levulinic Acid via Acid-Catalyzed Dehydration.
42  initial-state-independent
(3 times)
Physics
(2 times)
CMASs (1 time)
eq (1 time)
ETH (1 time)
2010 Necessary condition for the thermalization of a quantum system coupled to a quantum bath.
43  initiation of sexual intercourse
(3 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
YAS (1 time)
2011 School-related assets and youth risk behaviors: alcohol consumption and sexual activity.
44  insomnia severity
(3 times)
Behavioral Medicine
(1 time)
CBT-I (1 time)
CES-D (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2010 The efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia in patients with chronic pain.
45  Insomnia Sleep Index
(3 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
CAPS-5 (1 time)
CKD (1 time)
iCT-PTSD (1 time)
2020 A randomised controlled trial of therapist-assisted online psychological therapies for posttraumatic stress disorder (STOP-PTSD): trial protocol.
46  insomnia symptoms
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CBT (1 time)
CBT-I (1 time)
ESS (1 time)
2019 Effectiveness of an Online CBT-I Intervention and a Face-to-Face Treatment for Shift Work Sleep Disorder: A Comparison of Sleep Diary Data.
47  insulin secretion index
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
BIS (1 time)
FFA (1 time)
GLUT2 (1 time)
2008 [Impairment of pancreatic islet beta cell function induced by intermittent high glucose through oxidative and endoplasmic reticulum stress: experiment with rat pancreatic islet beta cells].
48  intensity stain index
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
ASCVD (1 time)
DIA (1 time)
1995 Morphometry and histochemistry of pulmonary arteries in a hypoplastic lung model.
49  interaction-strength-interpolation
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
DFT (2 times)
AC (1 time)
CCSD (1 time)
2010 Accurate calculation and modeling of the adiabatic connection in density functional theory.
50  International Scientific Indexing
(3 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
AJOL (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
BPD-DS (1 time)
2017 Revisiting the Quality of Reporting Randomized Controlled Trials in Nursing Literature.
51  International Statistical Institute
(3 times)
History of Medicine
(1 time)
BFDP (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
CNKI (1 time)
2015 Mustard gas exposure in Iran-Iraq war - A scientometric study.
52  intestinal somatic index
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
HSI (2 times)
AST (1 time)
BFS (1 time)
2017 Substitution of soybean meal with fermented Jatropha kernel meal: effect on growth performance, body composition, and metabolic enzyme activity of Labeo rohita.
53  IranDoc, Cochrane, Embase, ScienceDirect, Scopus, PubMed, and Web of Science
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
DM (1 time)
ECC (1 time)
2020 Clinical effects of curcumin in enhancing cancer therapy: A systematic review.
54  iron and steel industry
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
CEMS (2 times)
NOx (2 times)
PM (2 times)
2019 The contribution of the Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei region's iron and steel industry to local air pollution in winter.
55  irregularity skin index
(3 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
FFT (1 time)
2001 Irregularity skin index (ISI): a tool to evaluate skin surface texture.
56  I See Inside methodology
(2 times)
Parasitic Diseases, Animal
(1 time)
CH (2 times)
NC (2 times)
2019 Applying I see inside histological methodology to evaluate gut health in broilers challenged with Eimeria.
57  Ileal symbiont intracellularis
(2 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
PCR (1 time)
PE (1 time)
1995 Detection of ileal symbiont intracellularis in porcine faecal samples by polymerase chain reaction.
58  immuno-skeletal interface
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
AIDS (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
IL (1 time)
2016 Physiological and pathophysiological bone turnover - role of the immune system.
59  immunohistochemical staining index
(2 times)
Anthropology
(1 time)
BCC (1 time)
MVC (1 time)
PPC (1 time)
2011 C-myc expression in the microvessels of medulloblastoma.
60  immunostaining intensity
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
PD (2 times)
TH (2 times)
VMAT2 (2 times)
2004 Inverse relationship between the contents of neuromelanin pigment and the vesicular monoamine transporter-2: human midbrain dopamine neurons.
61  important safety information
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
DTC (1 time)
2018 Assessing Recall and Recognition for Important Safety Information in Digital Promotion for Pharmaceutical Products: Implications for Website Design.
62  in situ forming implants
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
NMP (2 times)
BB (1 time)
PEG 400 (1 time)
2013 Are in situ formulations the keys for the therapeutic future of S-nitrosothiols?
63  in situ implant
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
ISM (2 times)
NMP (2 times)
PLGA (2 times)
2012 Development of biodegradable in situ implant and microparticle injectable formulations for sustained delivery of haloperidol.
64  inadvertent social information
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
PI (1 time)
2006 Inadvertent social information in breeding site selection of natal dispersing birds.
65  include PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, Web of Science
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
CI (2 times)
OR (2 times)
IHIs (1 time)
2018 Toxocara spp. infection and risk of childhood asthma: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
66  index of self-incompatibility
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2012 The expression of self-incompatibility in angiosperms is bimodal.
67  Index of Social interaction
(2 times)
Family Practice
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
FA (1 time)
HRQOL (1 time)
2017 Personal characteristics associated with individual degree of family function in residents of Rumoi City, Hokkaido.
68  induced spatial incoherence
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
--- 1990 Absorption in high-z targets illuminated with 527-nm laser light at high intensity using induced spatial incoherence.
69  initial shunt infections
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
CSF (2 times)
EVD (2 times)
RSI (2 times)
2001 Repeat cerebrospinal fluid shunt infection in children.
70  injury-to-surgery interval
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ONFH (1 time)
ORIF (1 time)
2012 Injury-to-surgery interval does not affect the occurrence of osteonecrosis of the femoral head: a prospective study in a canine model of femoral neck fractures.
71  inner shell ionization
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BUdR (1 time)
IUdR (1 time)
RBE (1 time)
2003 Clinical significance of atomic inner shell ionization (ISI) and Auger cascade for radiosensitization using IUdR, BUdR, platinum salts, or gadolinium porphyrin compounds.
72  inotropic state index
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
CPT (1 time)
EPCI (1 time)
2001 Autonomic nervous system-controlled cardiac pacing: a comparison between intracardiac impedance signal and muscle sympathetic nerve activity.
73  Insomnia Severity Index questionnaire
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
CBT-I (1 time)
CES-D (1 time)
HADS-A (1 time)
2016 Effectiveness of a Web-Based Guided Self-help Intervention for Outpatients With a Depressive Disorder: Short-term Results From a Randomized Controlled Trial.
74  Insomnia Severity Inventory
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CBT-I (1 time)
CSM (1 time)
CTRL (1 time)
2012 Insomnia, sleep quality, pain, and somatic symptoms: sex differences and shared genetic components.
75  instability index
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
d bf (1 time)
RISI (1 time)
RSI (1 time)
2015 An evaluation of a bed instability index as an indicator of habitat quality in mountain streams of the northwestern United States.
76  instrumented surface indenter
(2 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
--- 2017 Use of two test methods to ensure accurate surface firmness and stability measurements for accessibility.
77  insulinogenic index
(2 times)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
HDL-C (1 time)
HOMA-beta (1 time)
HOMA-IR (1 time)
2014 Moderate diet-induced weight loss is associated with improved insulin sensitivity in middle-aged healthy obese Korean women.
78  IntelliSep Index
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ED (2 times)
2021 Development and validation of a cellular host response test as an early diagnostic for sepsis.
79  intensity-interstimulus interval
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
PPI (1 time)
WT (1 time)
1989 Auditory memory and age-related differences in two-tone frequency discrimination: trace decay and interference.
80  inter stimulusonset interval
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
SE (2 times)
ITI (1 time)
2004 Two types of anticipation in synchronization tapping.
81  inter-segment-interval
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
MT (1 time)
RT (1 time)
1998 Aging and rapid aiming arm movement control.
82  inter-spike interval plots
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
--- 1985 Effects of bath-applied GABA on the firing pattern of cells in an in vitro preparation of mammalian cerebral cortex.
83  inter-systolic interval
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
BRS (1 time)
PWPT (1 time)
SGR (1 time)
1995 [The structure of the variability in operator psychophysiological indices at different levels of body work stress under conditions of prolonged activity].
84  intermediate signal intensity
(2 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
HSI (2 times)
LSI (2 times)
AC (1 time)
2020 Preoperative MRI for predicting pathological changes associated with surgical difficulty during laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis.
85  Interpersonal Stress-Coping Inventory
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
ISI-pre (1 time)
2001 [The relationship between flexibility of coping to stress and depression].
86  interstimulus
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
ERPs (1 time)
ISIs (1 time)
ITI (1 time)
1999 Effect of interstimulus interval on visual P300 in Parkinson's disease.
87  interstitial implant
(2 times)
Radiotherapy
(2 times)
APBI (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
RT (1 time)
1996 The impact of surgical margin status and use of an interstitial implant on T1, T2 oral tongue cancers after surgery.
88  intra-specific interactions
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2016 Daphnia magna's sense of competition: intra-specific interactions (ISI) alter life history strategies and increase metals toxicity.
89  ion shift index
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
AUROC (1 time)
CAHP (1 time)
2021 Association between ion shift index and prognosis in severe trauma patients without isolated head injury.
90  ion suppression indicator
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
MIIS (2 times)
CVD (1 time)
DBS (1 time)
2015 A matrix-induced ion suppression method to normalize concentration in urinary metabolomics studies using flow injection analysis electrospray ionization mass spectrometry.
91  IranDoc, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
IL-6 (1 time)
RLS/WED (1 time)
2020 The prevalence of Restless Legs Syndrome/Willis-ekbom disease (RLS/WED) in the third trimester of pregnancy: a systematic review.
92  ISI composite
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
OGTT (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
HOMA (1 time)
2007 [Critical evaluation of the oral glucose tolerance test for the diagnosis of insulin resistance in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome].
93  ISI Web of knowledge
(2 times)
Drug Design
(1 time)
CBM (1 time)
CNKI (1 time)
CYP2A6 (1 time)
2013 Lemont B. Kier: a bibliometric exploration of his scientific production and its use.
94  islet size index
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
IAT (2 times)
IE (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2014 Islet size index as a predictor of outcomes in clinical islet autotransplantation.
95  Severity Index
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CKD (1 time)
eGFR (1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
2021 A Comparative Study on the Use of Alprazolam and Melatonin for Sleep Disturbances in Hemodialysis Patients.
96  comprehensive search in PubMed, Web of Science
(1 time)
Biomedical Technology
(1 time)
CBM (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CNKI (1 time)
2014 Correlation of Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile polymorphisms in toll-like receptor 4 gene with digestive cancer risk: A meta-analysis.
97  I-125 seeds interstitial implantation
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
CM (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
QoL (1 time)
2012 The treatment of non-small cell lung cancer by interstitial I-125 seeds implantation combined with chemotherapy and Chinese medicine.
98  iatrogenic splenic injury
(1 time)
Urologic Diseases
(1 time)
RN (1 time)
SCS (1 time)
2015 Experience with sliding-clip splenorrhaphy for splenic injury during radical nephrectomy.
99  identified between both groups on all scores
(1 time)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
RLS-QoL (2 times)
IRLSSG (1 time)
RLS (1 time)
2015 Turkish version of the Johns Hopkins Restless Legs Syndrome Quality of Life Questionnaire (RLS-QoL): validity and reliability study.
100  identified from the Pubmed and Web of Science
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2008 Depression and bone metabolism. A review.