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Abbreviation: ISO
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Long forms: 264

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
isoproterenol
(1911 times)
Pharmacology
(408 times)
MI (122 times)
NE (122 times)
beta-AR (89 times)
1972 Calcium as mediator of isoproterenol-induced myocardial necrosis.
International Organization for Standardization
(559 times)
Environmental Health
(57 times)
ASTM (16 times)
FDA (16 times)
CEN (14 times)
1976 Collaborative study of methods for the determination of chloride, citrate, and phosphate in processed cheese.
isoprenaline
(318 times)
Pharmacology
(109 times)
ACh (30 times)
NA (28 times)
PKA (18 times)
1975 The effect of cocaine on the responses of the differently innervated laryngeal and bronchial ends of the guinea pig trachea in vitro to clinically used bronchodilators.
isoflurane
(227 times)
Anesthesiology
(84 times)
MAC (34 times)
MAP (26 times)
HAL (25 times)
1986 Conscious-state comparisons of the effects of inhalation anesthetics on specialized atrioventricular conduction times in dogs.
International Standards Organization
(202 times)
Environmental Health
(30 times)
ASTM (8 times)
CEN (7 times)
ACGIH (6 times)
1976 Human response to buffeting in an all-terrain vehicle.
isometric
(33 times)
Physiology
(22 times)
CON (17 times)
ECC (17 times)
EMG (9 times)
1996 Decreased contraction economy in mouse EDL muscle injured by eccentric contractions.
isotropic
(29 times)
Biophysics
(8 times)
ROT (12 times)
AP (11 times)
PA (11 times)
1986 Hydration during exercise. Effects on thermal and cardiovascular adjustments.
isorhapontigenin
(25 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
BBN (3 times)
BC (3 times)
DFT (2 times)
2004 Isorhapontigenin and resveratrol suppress oxLDL-induced proliferation and activation of ERK1/2 mitogen-activated protein kinases of bovine aortic smooth muscle cells.
infusion of isoproterenol
(24 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
LV (4 times)
MI (2 times)
PE (2 times)
1981 Changes in myocardial pyrimidine nucleotide levels following repeated injections of isoproterenol in rats.
10  isolation
(23 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(8 times)
NH (4 times)
DA (3 times)
NAc (3 times)
1997 Rats reared in social isolation show schizophrenia-like changes in auditory gating.
11  isoflavones
(22 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
BMD (6 times)
FO (3 times)
FA (2 times)
1999 Intact dietary soy protein, but not adding an isoflavone-rich soy extract to casein, improves plasma lipids in ovariectomized cynomolgus monkeys.
12  isoflavone
(17 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
PND (3 times)
ZEA (3 times)
BMD (2 times)
2003 [Effects of isoflavone (ISO) on advanced glycosylation end products (AGEs) in aortae and serum levels of lipid peroxide in ovariectomized rats].
13  isoniazid
(16 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
3-MP (3 times)
PTZ (3 times)
PYR (3 times)
1996 Differences in cytochrome P450-mediated biotransformation of 1,2-dichlorobenzene by rat and man: implications for human risk assessment.
14  Isoorientin
(15 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
ROS (4 times)
MDA (2 times)
MMP (2 times)
2012 Isoorientin reverts TNF-alpha-induced insulin resistance in adipocytes activating the insulin signaling pathway.
15  isoprinosine
(15 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(10 times)
IL-2 (3 times)
AIDS (2 times)
Con A (2 times)
1981 Isoprinosine as an immunopotentiator in an animal model of human osteosarcoma.
16  isoproterenol infusion
(14 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
CON (3 times)
Ang II (2 times)
beta-AR (2 times)
1978 Effects of exercise training on coronary reactive hyperemia and blood flow in the dog.
17  isorhamnetin
(14 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
ROS (3 times)
NF-kappaB (2 times)
Que (2 times)
2001 [The effects of quercetin and isorhamnetin on oxidative modification of VLDL induced by Cu2+].
18  isolated
(12 times)
Psychopharmacology
(2 times)
ALL (2 times)
ER (2 times)
NH (2 times)
1995 [Evaluation of late potential by using--event-related signal-averaging technique].
19  isoproterenol hydrochloride
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
LDH (3 times)
AST (2 times)
CPK (2 times)
1998 Effect of a novel tetrapeptide derivative in a model of isoproterenol induced myocardial necrosis.
20  inside-out
(11 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
RSO (9 times)
CMC (1 time)
CWD (1 time)
1977 Electron spin resonance evidence for vertical asymmetry in animal cell membranes.
21  International Standards
(11 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
BS (2 times)
RMS (2 times)
CE (1 time)
1978 [Standardization of anthropometric technics].
22  1,5-isoquinolinediol
(10 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
PARP (6 times)
de (2 times)
STZ (2 times)
2003 Diabetes-induced overexpression of endothelin-1 and endothelin receptors in the rat renal cortex is mediated via poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase activation.
23  isotretinoin
(9 times)
Dermatology
(7 times)
5-FU (1 time)
ACTH (1 time)
AKs (1 time)
1999 Life quality of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma and chemo-immunotherapy--a pilot study.
24  isoprenaline hydrochloride
(8 times)
Complementary Therapies
(4 times)
EA (4 times)
Ang II (2 times)
ELISA (2 times)
2012 Electroacupuncture at PC6 (Neiguan) Improves Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase Signaling Pathways Through the Regulation of Neuroendocrine Cytokines in Myocardial Hypertrophic Rats.
25  Isoxyl
(8 times)
Drug Therapy
(5 times)
TAC (4 times)
Mtb (2 times)
ETH (1 time)
1999 Antimycobacterial activities of isoxyl and new derivatives through the inhibition of mycolic acid synthesis.
26  isosafrole
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
PB (3 times)
3-MC (2 times)
BNF (2 times)
1982 Characterization of the effects of known hepatic monooxygenase inducers on male and female rat and mouse kidneys.
27  Infra-slow oscillation
(6 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AE (1 time)
IGL (1 time)
RSNs (1 time)
2013 Infra-slow oscillation (ISO) of the pupil size of urethane-anaesthetised rats.
28  insulin-sensitive obese
(6 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
IRO (6 times)
HOMA-IR (2 times)
2-AG (1 time)
2008 Influence of obesity and insulin sensitivity on insulin signaling genes in human omental and subcutaneous adipose tissue.
29  isograft
(6 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
ALLO (4 times)
BT (1 time)
EP (1 time)
1994 Intragraft expression of messenger RNA for interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha is a predictor of rat small intestine transplant rejection.
30  isomaltulose
(6 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
BG (2 times)
DEX (2 times)
Suc (2 times)
2007 Exogenous oxidation of isomaltulose is lower than that of sucrose during exercise in men.
31  isoflurane preconditioning
(5 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
AQPs (1 time)
BMP4 (1 time)
2012 TREK1 activation mediates spinal cord ischemic tolerance induced by isoflurane preconditioning in rats.
32  isometric contraction
(5 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
BTX-A (1 time)
CON (1 time)
2007 Increased efficacy and decreased systemic-effects of botulinum toxin A injection after active or passive muscle manipulation.
33  Isoquercitrin
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
4-VPBA (1 time)
AmB (1 time)
EDMA (1 time)
2009 Neuroactive flavonoid glycosides from Tilia petiolaris DC. extracts.
34  (-)-isopropylnoradrenaline
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
ATO (1 time)
CHF (1 time)
eNOS (1 time)
1977 [Effect of cyclic nucleotides and isopropylnoradrenaline on oxygen tension and absorption].
35  Infrared Space Observatory
(4 times)
Biology
(1 time)
SWS (1 time)
1995 The formation of organic molecules in astronomical ices.
36  isoalantolactone
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
ADO (1 time)
DOX (1 time)
HFD (1 time)
2016 Essential oils from Inula japonica and Angelicae dahuricae enhance sensitivity of MCF-7/ADR breast cancer cells to doxorubicin via multiple mechanisms.
37  isodirectional
(4 times)
Brain
(2 times)
ANTI (3 times)
AN (1 time)
IN (1 time)
2009 Coordination of complex bimanual multijoint movements under increasing cycling frequencies: the prevalence of mirror-image and translational symmetry.
38  isoliquiritigenin
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
FOR (1 time)
Gla (1 time)
IC50 (1 time)
2010 Determination of flavonoids in licorice using acid hydrolysis and reversed-phase HPLC and evaluation of the chemical quality of cultivated licorice.
39  isoprene
(4 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AN (1 time)
BD (1 time)
CHX (1 time)
2004 Effects of 1,3-butadiene, isoprene, and their photochemical degradation products on human lung cells.
40  implantation of silicone oil
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
PPV (3 times)
GT (1 time)
PVR (1 time)
1989 [Pars plana vitrectomy with implantation of silicone oil in surgery forvery large retinal tears].
41  in-stent occlusion
(3 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
DES (1 time)
FP (1 time)
2005 Non-invasive assessment of coronary artery stent patency with multislice CT: preliminary experience.
42  intestinal strangulation obstruction
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
--- 1980 Effect of intraluminal oxygen in intestinal strangulation obstruction in ponies.
43  intra-seasonal oscillations
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
ISM (2 times)
FR (1 time)
IMD (1 time)
2008 Free and Forced Rossby Waves in the Western South China Sea Inferred from Jason-1 Satellite Altimetry Data.
44  ischemic strangulating obstruction
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
DMSO (1 time)
HSO (1 time)
ILD (1 time)
1990 Failure to demonstrate reperfusion injury following ischaemia of the equine large colon using dimethyl sulphoxide.
45  isoallopregnanolone
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
ALLO (2 times)
GABA (2 times)
AP (1 time)
2003 Allopregnanolone-stimulated GABA-mediated chloride ion flux is inhibited by 3beta-hydroxy-5alpha-pregnan-20-one (isoallopregnanolone).
46  isoamyl acetate
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
LIM (1 time)
MEA (1 time)
OB (1 time)
2007 Changes in rat olfactory detection performance induced by orexin and leptin mimicking fasting and satiation.
47  isoflurane anesthesia
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
ACTH (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
IL-32 (1 time)
2000 Perioperative stress response in the dog: effect of pre-emptive administration of medetomidine.
48  isoflurane inhalation
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
BD (1 time)
DKM (1 time)
IPC (1 time)
2002 Preservation of ischemia and isoflurane-induced preconditioning after brain death in rabbit hearts.
49  isoprenaline infusion
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AC (1 time)
CTR (1 time)
NCA (1 time)
1989 Effects of hemodynamic variables on myocardial K+ balance during and after shortlasting ischemia.
50  isoprostane
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MAP (2 times)
NO (2 times)
PO (2 times)
2002 Effect of palm oil on oxidative stress-induced hypertension in Sprague-Dawley rats.
51  isotropic sequence order
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
--- 2003 Isotropic sequence order learning.
52  2-chloro-4-amino-6-isopropylamino-1,3,5-triazine
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
ATRA (2 times)
DACT (2 times)
ETHYL (2 times)
2007 Estimating constants for metabolism of atrazine in freshly isolated rat hepatocytes by kinetic modeling.
53  implant-supported overdentures
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
FEA (1 time)
2008 [Stress distribution in alveolar bone around implants under implant supported overdenture with linear occlusion at lateral occlusion].
54  in vivo stimulation with isoproterenol
(2 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
FS (1 time)
LH (1 time)
NGF (1 time)
2005 Method-related effects of adenovirus-mediated LacZ and SERCA1 gene transfer on contractile behavior of cultured failing human cardiomyocytes.
55  inferior sagittal osteotomy
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
AMO (1 time)
RDI (1 time)
UPPP (1 time)
1999 Staged surgical treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome: a review of 35 patients.
56  Information Services Office
(2 times)
NIST (2 times)
ODI (1 time)
2016 Librarians and Scientists Partner to Address Data Management: Taking Collaboration to the Next Level.
57  infusion of the beta-agonist isoprenaline
(2 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
AT (1 time)
EE (1 time)
HR (1 time)
1995 Beta-adrenergically mediated thermogenic and heart rate responses: effect of obesity and weight loss.
58  injections of isoprenaline
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ANP (1 time)
1989 Beta-adrenergic receptor responsiveness to isoprenaline in humans: concentration-effect, as compared with dose-effect evaluation and influence of autonomic reflexes.
59  iontophoresis of GABA and isoproterenol
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
Vit E (1 time)
1996 The effects of aging on cerebellar beta-adrenergic receptor activation and motor learning in female F344 rats.
60  iso-osmotic
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
HYPER (2 times)
EDL (1 time)
HYPO (1 time)
2009 Effect of extracellular osmolality on metabolism in contracting mammalian skeletal muscle in vitro.
61  isocalorically matched dextrimaltose-fed controls
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
EtOH (1 time)
1985 Lipid peroxidation: a mechanism for ethanol-associated testicular injury in rats.
62  isoeugenol
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
CAR (1 time)
CIN (1 time)
DFT (1 time)
2010 Experimental inhalation of fragrance allergens in predisposed subjects: effects on skin and airways.
63  isogeneic
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
ALO (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2001 Ruminal fermentation and intestinal flow of nutrients by lactating cows consuming brown midrib corn silages.
64  isoguvacine
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
APB (1 time)
BIC (1 time)
BT (1 time)
1988 GABAA and GABAB receptor sites involvement in rat thermoregulation.
65  isoimperatorin
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
CIS (1 time)
DCFH-DA (1 time)
E. cinerea (1 time)
2011 [Determination of supermolecular inclusion constants of hydroxylpropyl-beta-cylcodextrin with imperatorin and isoimperatorin by phase solubility method].
66  Isolator system
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
AF (1 time)
FAN (1 time)
MFL (1 time)
1999 Controlled clinical comparison of three commercial blood culture systems.
67  isomazole
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
CIS (1 time)
CUR (1 time)
i.v (1 time)
1991 Isomazole disposition in man as a function of dose and route of administration.
68  isometric force
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
CK (2 times)
24MAX (1 time)
EIMD (1 time)
1992 Relationship between post-exercise plasma CK elevation and muscle mass involved in the exercise.
69  isometric strength
(2 times)
Physical Fitness
(1 time)
DOMS (1 time)
ER (1 time)
GS (1 time)
2012 Effect of aerobic recovery intensity on delayed-onset muscle soreness and strength.
70  isopimaric acid
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
IbTX (1 time)
LTP (1 time)
2015 Cognitive recovery by chronic activation of the large-conductance calcium-activated potassium channel in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease.
71  isopropyl epinephrine
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
dERP (1 time)
NE (1 time)
1983 [Patterns in the inhibition of adrenergic response by catecholamines].
72  isopropylarterenol
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CAT (1 time)
cyt c (1 time)
mPTP (1 time)
1989 [Pharmacologic study of dopamine catabolites on the contractility of isolated guinea pig myocardium].
73  isoproterenol bitartrate
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
LDH (1 time)
SGOT (1 time)
2010 Melatonin protects against isoproterenol-induced myocardial injury in the rat: antioxidative mechanisms.
74  isoproturon
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CBMN (1 time)
DCF (1 time)
2007 Cytogenetic effects of commercial formulations of deltamethrin and/or isoproturon on human peripheral lymphocytes and mouse bone marrow cells.
75  isotonic solution
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
AVP (1 time)
LA (1 time)
MS (1 time)
1986 Vascular fluid shifts and endocrine responses to exercise in the heat. Effect of rehydration.
76  isotropic volume fraction
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
NODDI (2 times)
ODI (2 times)
ADC (1 time)
2019 Hemispheric asymmetries in cortical gray matter microstructure identified by neurite orientation dispersion and density imaging.
77  isoxsuprine hydrochloride
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
FOL (1 time)
HSA (1 time)
2017 Exploring isoxsuprine hydrochloride binding with human serum albumin in the presence of folic acid and ascorbic acid using multispectroscopic and molecular modeling methods.
78  Italian Stroke Organisation
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
SIGN (1 time)
SPREAD (1 time)
2015 Intravenous thrombolysis and intra-arterial interventions in acute ischemic stroke: Italian Stroke Organisation (ISO)-SPREAD guidelines.
79  i.e., aperture, exposure time/shutter speed, and gain/sensitivity
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
dSLR (1 time)
LSI (1 time)
2012 Laser speckle imaging using a consumer-grade color camera.
80  ICYP-isoproterenol
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 1994 Age-related changes in beta-adrenergic neuroeffector systems in the human heart.
81  identical or similar to international
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 1994 Biological assessment of dental materials in Europe 1993--recommendations and regulations.
82  idiopathic sphincter overactivity
(1 time)
Urologic Diseases
(1 time)
BOO (1 time)
DUA (1 time)
IDO (1 time)
2016 Relationship between urodynamic patterns and lower urinary tract symptoms in Chinese women with a non-neurogenic bladder.
83  idiopathic synovial osteochondromatosis
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
--- 1993 MR appearance of idiopathic synovial osteochondromatosis.
84  Imitation Based Optimization
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
MANM (1 time)
2017 ISO-MANM: An imitation based optimization tool for multilayer microwave absorbers.
85  Immediate obturator stabilization
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Immediate obturator stabilization (ISO) in severely atrophic edentulous maxilla: Suspension wiring technique.
86  immediate suspension order
(1 time)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
DEA (1 time)
2014 Challenging an immediate suspension of a DEA registration: is it time for a new tact?
87  impaired spermatogenesis caused by isoproterenol
(1 time)
Pharmaceutical Preparations
(1 time)
MDA (1 time)
2014 Effects of L-carnitine and coenzyme q10 on impaired spermatogenesis caused by isoproterenol in male rats.
88  impaired the response to beta-adrenoreceptor stimulation
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
cAMP (1 time)
1997 Selective inhibition of receptor-mediated pulmonary vasorelaxation in endotoxin-induced acute lung injury.
89  implant-supported obturator
(1 time)
Oral Medicine
(1 time)
ACC (1 time)
FPD (1 time)
IIO (1 time)
2017 Full Mouth Reconstruction of a Skeletal Class II Division 1 Patient with Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma Using an Interim Immediate Obturator and a Definitive Obturator.
90  impression materials using stainless steel test block
(1 time)
--- 1989 [Surface accuracy of hydrophilic impressions. 1].
91  improved second order
(1 time)
Neural Networks (Computer)
(1 time)
RBF (1 time)
2012 Fast and efficient second-order method for training radial basis function networks.
92  in situ oocyte
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CPA (1 time)
2009 Successful cryopreservation of buffalo ovaries using in situ oocyte cryopreservation.
93  in situ osteogenesis
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
rhBMP-2 (1 time)
2009 Primary reconstruction of alveolar clefts using recombinant human bone morphogenic protein-2: clinical and radiographic outcomes.
94  in-situ synthesized oligonucleotide
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
qRT-PCR (1 time)
2008 Benefits of in-situ synthesized microarrays for analysis of gene expression in understudied microorganisms.
95  increased in the model
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
AS-IV (1 time)
EA (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
2017 [Effect of Combined Intervention of Electroacupuncture and Astragaloside IV on Myocardial Hypertrophy and TGF-beta 1/Smad Signaling in Rats with Myocardial Fibrosis].
96  increased ITI incidence more at low
(1 time)
Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
APD (1 time)
ATII (1 time)
2018 Action Potential Prolongation, beta-Adrenergic Stimulation, and Angiotensin II as Co-factors in Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Instability.
97  increases (-)isoproterenol
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
DEX (1 time)
1986 Dexamethasone effects on beta-adrenergic receptors and adenylate cyclase regulatory proteins Gs and Gi in ROS 17/2.8 cells.
98  increases in MAP or U
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
Ang II (1 time)
APO (1 time)
HS (1 time)
2006 Oxidant stress and blood pressure responses to angiotensin II administration in rats fed varying salt diets.
99  independent safety officer
(1 time)
--- 2019 Via media: Role and responsibilities of the independent safety officer.
100  independent service organization
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
OEM (1 time)
1998 Asset management in theory and practice.