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Abbreviation: ISS
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Injury Severity Score
(3338 times)
Traumatology
(886 times)
GCS (461 times)
AIS (355 times)
ICU (244 times)
1976 Utility of the injury severity score: a confirmation.
International Space Station
(488 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(134 times)
EVA (13 times)
LEO (10 times)
ESA (9 times)
1989 Man systems aspects in the design concept of the Columbus Man-Tended Free-Flyer (MTFF).
idiopathic short stature
(351 times)
Endocrinology
(206 times)
GH (126 times)
GHD (84 times)
SDS (48 times)
1988 Twelve-hour spontaneous nocturnal growth hormone secretion in growth retarded patients.
International Staging System
(215 times)
Hematology
(90 times)
MM (151 times)
OS (71 times)
PFS (31 times)
1998 Evaluation of the TN sub-staging in patients with initially unresectable stage III non-small cell lung cancer treated by induction chemotherapy. The European Lung Cancer Working Party.
immunostimulatory sequences
(69 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(47 times)
ODN (11 times)
IFN-gamma (7 times)
ODNs (6 times)
1996 Immunostimulatory DNA sequences necessary for effective intradermal gene immunization.
Istituto Superiore di Sanita
(44 times)
Public Health
(22 times)
HIV (2 times)
INSC (2 times)
NAT (2 times)
1987 Immunization coverage in Italy.
inbred short-sleep
(29 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(16 times)
ILS (28 times)
LORR (5 times)
QTL (4 times)
1995 Use of repeated measures in an analysis of ethanol-induced loss of righting reflex in inbred long-sleep and short-sleep mice.
Injury Surveillance System
(25 times)
Sports Medicine
(13 times)
NCAA (14 times)
ACL (4 times)
AEs (4 times)
2003 Epidemiological considerations of concussions among intercollegiate athletes.
intronic splicing silencer
(17 times)
Molecular Biology
(7 times)
ESE (5 times)
ESS (3 times)
hnRNP (3 times)
2000 An intronic splicing silencer causes skipping of the IIIb exon of fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 through involvement of polypyrimidine tract binding protein.
10  injection site sarcoma
(16 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(13 times)
Cd (2 times)
BCS (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1991 Chronic carcinogenic and toxic effects of a single subcutaneous dose of cadmium in the male Fischer rat.
11  Internal State Scale
(15 times)
Psychiatry
(9 times)
YMRS (5 times)
BPRS (3 times)
HDRS (2 times)
1996 Comparative evaluation of two self-report Mania Rating Scales.
12  ion scattering spectroscopy
(14 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
XPS (5 times)
AES (3 times)
SIMS (3 times)
1978 Surface and in-depth analysis of biological and organic materials by ion scattering spectroscopy (ISS).
13  Index of Sexual Satisfaction
(13 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
BDI (2 times)
GMSEX (2 times)
RPL (2 times)
1998 A longitudinal study of the effects of premarital communication, relationship stability, and self-esteem on sexual satisfaction in the first year of marriage.
14  in-stent stenosis
(12 times)
Vascular Diseases
(6 times)
PSV (2 times)
SMA (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2003 Differential cyclin E expression in human in-stent stenosis smooth muscle cells identifies targets for selective anti-restenosis therapy.
15  Incapacity Status Scale
(12 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
MS (8 times)
EDSS (6 times)
DSS (3 times)
1984 Lymphocytapheresis therapy in multiple sclerosis, a preliminary study.
16  isotonic saline solution
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
HSS (6 times)
i.v (2 times)
RPV (2 times)
1989 [Effect of teicoplanin and vancomycin on cerebrospinal fluid proteins of non-infected rabbits after suboccipital injection].
17  immune system stimulation
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
PD (6 times)
SID (4 times)
LPS (3 times)
2012 Evaluation of chronic immune system stimulation models in growing pigs.
18  inorganic suspended solids
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
TSS (4 times)
OHO (3 times)
AS (2 times)
2004 A predictive model for the reactor inorganic suspended solids concentration in activated sludge systems.
19  input-to-state stability
(10 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
ANC (1 time)
CT (1 time)
DCT (1 time)
2012 Learning from ISS-modular adaptive NN control of nonlinear strict-feedback systems.
20  interfacial shear strength
(9 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
CNTs (2 times)
BIC (1 time)
BMR (1 time)
1992 Development of a degradable composite for orthopaedic use: in vivo biomechanical and histological evaluation of two bioactive degradable composites based on the polyhydroxybutyrate polymer.
21  intermittent swim stress
(9 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(5 times)
FST (3 times)
USVs (3 times)
FLX (2 times)
2008 The immobility produced by intermittent swim stress is not mediated by serotonin.
22  interstitial space
(8 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
Gd-DTPA (4 times)
ISF (3 times)
LSCM (2 times)
1980 Interstitial space - the forgotten organ.
23  Itch Severity Scale
(8 times)
Dermatology
(6 times)
DLQI (4 times)
CDLQI (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2007 Itch Severity Scale: a self-report instrument for the measurement of pruritus severity.
24  idiopathic subglottic stenosis
(7 times)
Otolaryngology
(6 times)
BMI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
GERD (1 time)
2002 Idiopathic subglottic stenosis revisited.
25  Impairment-level Sum Score
(7 times)
Rehabilitation
(4 times)
RSD (4 times)
CRPS1 (2 times)
OT (2 times)
1998 Impairment level sumscore in reflex sympathetic dystrophy of one upper extremity.
26  International Skeletal Society
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
ASR (1 time)
CaRMS (1 time)
FREIDA (1 time)
2014 International Skeletal Society outreach 2013: Rwanda.
27  itch severity score
(7 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
CIU/CSU (3 times)
ASST (1 time)
CENTRAL (1 time)
2014 Tofacitinib (CP-690,550), an oral Janus kinase inhibitor, improves patient-reported outcomes in a phase 2b, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study in patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis.
28  Imaging Science Subsystem
(6 times)
Science
(4 times)
INMS (1 time)
2005 Cassini Imaging Science: initial results on Saturn's rings and small satellites.
29  iliosacral screws
(5 times)
Traumatology
(4 times)
INFIX (2 times)
RACS (2 times)
CT (1 time)
2008 Minimum 1-year follow-up for patients with vertical shear sacroiliac joint dislocations treated with iliosacral screws: does joint ankylosis or anatomic reduction contribute to functional outcome?
30  illness severity score
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CI (2 times)
cna (1 time)
EDSS (1 time)
1984 An illness severity score for multiple sclerosis.
31  immunosuppressive
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
AI (1 time)
CD (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
2009 Adverse events associated with common therapy regimens for moderate-to-severe Crohn's disease.
32  in situ simulation
(5 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
OSS (2 times)
LSTs (1 time)
TRUST (1 time)
2014 Unannounced in situ simulation of obstetric emergencies: staff perceptions and organisational impact.
33  incurred sample stability
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
ISR (3 times)
ALK (1 time)
ESI (1 time)
2011 Bioanalysis in clinical development of tasquinimod using liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry.
34  Indian Standard Series
(5 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
ACD (1 time)
CODFI (1 time)
FE (1 time)
2002 Patch testing with Indian standard series.
35  induced sputum supernatant
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
HC (2 times)
IKKalpha (2 times)
IS (2 times)
2015 Induced sputum supernatant bioactive lipid mediators can identify subtypes of asthma.
36  infantile spasms
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
EEG (2 times)
HYPS (2 times)
CD (1 time)
2002 Histopathology of brain tissue from patients with infantile spasms.
37  insufficient sleep syndrome
(5 times)
Psychophysiology
(2 times)
ESS (1 time)
GDP (1 time)
HRQoL (1 time)
2009 [Insufficient sleep syndrome and QOL].
38  Internalized Shame Scale
(5 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
BDI (2 times)
SIAS (2 times)
SPS (2 times)
2005 [Shame and social anxiety in anorexia and bulimia nervosa].
39  international stage system
(5 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
MM (5 times)
auto-SCT (1 time)
beta2-MG (1 time)
2010 [Multiple myeloma complicated with spinal infiltration].
40  Ischemic steal syndrome
(5 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
AV (2 times)
DRIL (2 times)
RUDI (2 times)
2004 Distal revascularization-interval ligation (DRIL) procedure for ischemic steal syndrome (ISS) after arteriovenous fistula placement.
41  isolated sagittal synostosis
(5 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ICP (2 times)
BI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2003 Speech, language, and cognitive development in children with isolated sagittal synostosis.
42  immunosuppressive substance
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AMA (1 time)
IAP (1 time)
IL-2 (1 time)
1986 [Advanced thyroid carcinoma--possible induction of the host's antitumor immunological response by 131I therapy].
43  in situ splitting
(4 times)
Science
(1 time)
PVL (2 times)
FLR (1 time)
HRR (1 time)
2012 Right portal vein ligation combined with in situ splitting induces rapid left lateral liver lobe hypertrophy enabling 2-staged extended right hepatic resection in small-for-size settings.
44  In-situ split
(4 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
CRLM (2 times)
ALPPS (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
2014 ["In-situ split" (ISS) liver resection: new aspects of technique and indication].
45  intelligent safety system
(4 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
ADDS (1 time)
AEB (1 time)
CFY (1 time)
2010 System interface for an integrated intelligent safety system (ISS) for vehicle applications.
46  interspinous spacer
(4 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
BPSS (1 time)
DL4-5SPHs (1 time)
EL (1 time)
2009 Identification of the L4-5 interspinous space using difference in heights of two consecutive spinous processes.
47  Italian Seroconversion Study
(4 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(4 times)
RH (2 times)
SC (2 times)
ALIVE (1 time)
1997 How many HIV-infected individuals may be defined as long-term nonprogressors? A report from the Italian Seroconversion Study. Italian Seroconversion Study Group (ISS)
48  immune suppression syndrome
(3 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
ART (1 time)
AUDIT-C (1 time)
MRRH (1 time)
2014 Developing clinical strength-of-evidence approach to define HIV-associated malignancies for cancer registration in Kenya.
49  in-stent structures
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
OFDI (2 times)
STEMI (2 times)
DES (1 time)
2012 Quantitative optical frequency domain imaging assessment of in-stent structures in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: impact of imaging sampling rate.
50  Individual Severity Score
(3 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
ARF (2 times)
DP (1 time)
HAL (1 time)
1997 Evaluation of the results of cleft lip and palate surgical treatment: preliminary report.
51  inferior scleral show
(3 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
CTA (1 time)
LL (1 time)
TED (1 time)
2015 Use of Noncadaveric Human Acellular Dermal Tissue (BellaDerm) in Lower Eyelid Retraction Repair.
52  Inner Strength Scale
(3 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
CFA (1 time)
GERDA (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2011 Development and psychometric properties of the Inner Strength Scale.
53  intermediate-sequence-search
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
nr (1 time)
SCOP (1 time)
1998 Sequence comparisons using multiple sequences detect three times as many remote homologues as pairwise methods.
54  interview score sheet
(3 times)
Education
(2 times)
BSc (2 times)
DipHE (2 times)
2006 Can an interview score sheet assist with student selection onto the bachelor of science/diploma of higher education (adult) nursing programme? Findings from a pilot study.
55  irradiation side sampling
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
MTF (2 times)
CR (1 time)
CsI (1 time)
2013 Basic imaging properties of an indirect flat-panel detector system employing irradiation side sampling (ISS) technology for chest radiography: comparison with a computed radiographic system.
56  isolated sphenoid sinusitis
(3 times)
Head
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
TC (1 time)
2007 The clinical behavior of isolated sphenoid sinusitis.
57  Icelandic Sarcoidosis Study
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Clinical manifestation, prevalence and prognosis of sarcoid arthropathy. A nationwide study: the Icelandic Sarcoidosis Study.
58  image slicing spectrometer
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2009 Compact Image Slicing Spectrometer (ISS) for hyperspectral fluorescence microscopy.
59  immunisation services support
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
GAVI (2 times)
UCI (1 time)
2006 Effect of the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation on diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis vaccine coverage: an independent assessment.
60  Immunohistochemical COX-2 staining score
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
5'-meCyt (1 time)
CAFs (1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
2008 Cyclooxygenase-2 expression: does it have a probable role in tumorigenesis mechanisms of renal cell carcinoma?
61  immunostimulatory sequences of DNA
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
AHR (1 time)
OVA (1 time)
2004 Immunostimulatory DNA inhibits transforming growth factor-beta expression and airway remodeling.
62  impulsive sensation seeking
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
DDS (1 time)
ES (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2005 Factors influencing susceptibility to compulsive dopaminergic drug use in Parkinson disease.
63  impulsive stimulated scattering
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
SAW (1 time)
SIWI (1 time)
2008 The simulator for icy world interiors: a 700 MPa pressure system for impulsive stimulated scattering and other optical measurements, with thermal control from -20 to 100 degrees C.
64  in situ solidification/stabilization
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ISCO (2 times)
BTEX (1 time)
NAP (1 time)
2016 Achieving synergy between chemical oxidation and stabilization in a contaminated soil.
65  in-situ survey
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CCA (1 time)
DON (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2013 In-situ emergency pediatric surgery in the intensive care unit.
66  incinerated sewage sludge
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
SS (1 time)
2004 Soil pH and anion abundance affects on copper adsorption.
67  industrial sewage sludge
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
SCT (2 times)
CEC (1 time)
EDX (1 time)
2018 Composting of smuggled cigarettes tobacco and industrial sewage sludge in reactors: Physicochemical, phytotoxic and spectroscopic study.
68  Infertility Stigma Scale
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
CVI (1 time)
2015 Development and validation of an Infertility Stigma Scale for Chinese women.
69  influenza sentinel surveillance
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
IDSR (1 time)
ILI (1 time)
SARI (1 time)
2012 Influenza sentinel surveillance in Rwanda, 2008-2010.
70  Information Systems Strategy
(2 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 1994 The NHS R&D Information Systems Strategy (ISS).
71  injury mechanism and severity
(2 times)
Delivery of Health Care
(1 time)
AO (1 time)
NLR (1 time)
2012 [Influence of routine CT examination on fracture classification and therapy for pelvic ring fractures in patients aged over 65 years old].
72  injury severity scoring system
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
TBI (2 times)
ECLIA (1 time)
GOS (1 time)
2009 Predicting outcome after severe traumatic brain injury using the serum S100B biomarker: results using a single (24h) time-point.
73  inline storage system
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BS (1 time)
BS-DISP (1 time)
CMB (1 time)
2008 Source apportionment of pollutants and flows of combined sewer wastewater.
74  inner spiral sulcus
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
TM (2 times)
OHCs (1 time)
OoC (1 time)
1993 The sulcus connection. On a mode of participation of outer hair cells in cochlear mechanics.
75  insertion site sequences
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
SCCmec (2 times)
ccr (1 time)
J-regions (1 time)
2007 Variability in SCCmecN1 spreading among injection drug users in Zurich, Switzerland.
76  insomnia screening scale
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2012 Development of the Insomnia Screening Scale based on ICSD-II.
77  insulin sensitivity score
(2 times)
Diabetes Mellitus
(1 time)
eGDR (2 times)
IR (2 times)
NPDR (1 time)
2014 Insulin resistance and associated factors in patients with Type 1 Diabetes.
78  integrated surveillance system
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
APS (1 time)
CFPN (1 time)
CIS (1 time)
2013 [The application of integrated surveillance system for symptoms in surveillance of influenza among children].
79  Intensive Care Unit Surveillance Study
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
CFR (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2004 Antimicrobial susceptibility patterns in Pseudomonas aeruginosa: data from a multicenter Intensive Care Unit Surveillance Study (ISS) in the United States.
80  internalized sexual stigma
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
DIS (1 time)
ISS-S (1 time)
MISS-LG (1 time)
2014 Suicidal ideation in Spanish and Italian lesbian and gay young adults: the role of internalized sexual stigma.
81  International Society of Surgery
(2 times)
History of Medicine
(1 time)
SIC (2 times)
ISS/SIC (1 time)
1992 [Relations of Theodor Kocher with the "International Society of Surgery". His role as the 1st congress president].
82  intersphincteric sepsis
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ISR (1 time)
2010 Ultrasonographic assessment of patients referred with chronic anal pain to a tertiary referral centre.
83  interspinous soft stabilization
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
DS (2 times)
SS (2 times)
PLIF (1 time)
2010 Spinopelvic alignment after interspinous soft stabilization with a tension band system in grade 1 degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis.
84  Intersubject synchronization
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
fMRI (2 times)
GLM (1 time)
2010 Persistent schema-dependent hippocampal-neocortical connectivity during memory encoding and postencoding rest in humans.
85  intrasaccadic step
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
--- 2004 Memory of learning facilitates saccadic adaptation in the monkey.
86  intravascular shear stress
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
AF (1 time)
bpm (1 time)
CFD (1 time)
2009 Real-time intravascular shear stress in the rabbit abdominal aorta.
87  intrinsic spirituality scale
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2015 Validation of the Intrinsic Spirituality Scale (ISS) with Muslims.
88  intussusception
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
LPS-ISS (1 time)
NO (1 time)
TLR4 (1 time)
2013 Enteric viral infections as potential risk factors for intussusception.
89  inverse sequence similarity
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
PDB (1 time)
1997 Inverse sequence similarity in proteins and its relation to the three-dimensional fold.
90  iron sucrose similar
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CuZnSOD (1 time)
ESA (1 time)
Hb (1 time)
2009 Differences between original intravenous iron sucrose and iron sucrose similar preparations.
91  ischial spine sign
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
AIS (1 time)
AP (1 time)
COS (1 time)
2010 The ischial spine sign: does pelvic tilt and rotation matter?
92  isolated septal scars
(2 times)
Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological
(2 times)
IIEF (2 times)
CDU (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2007 Nonpalpable scarring of the penile septum as a cause of erectile dysfunction: an atypical form of Peyronie's disease.
93  isotopic steady-state
(2 times)
Botany
(2 times)
IRIS (1 time)
NSS (1 time)
2006 Non-steady state effects in diurnal 180 discrimination by Picea sitchensis branches in the field.
94  advanced-International Staging System
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
MM (1 time)
2014 Preserved levels of uninvolved immunoglobulins are independently associated with favorable outcome in patients with symptomatic multiple myeloma.
95  I-shaped RNA structure
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
eIF (1 time)
MNeSV (1 time)
2018 The 3' mRNA I-shaped structure of maize necrotic streak virus binds to eukaryotic translation factors for eIF4F-mediated translation initiation.
96  IAD self-rating scale
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
EA (1 time)
HAMA (1 time)
HAMD (1 time)
2009 [Clinical effect of electroacupuncture combined with psychologic interference on patient with Internet addiction disorder].
97  Ibuprofen on the Physiology and Survival of Patients With Sepsis
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2001 Low levels of protein C are associated with poor outcome in severe sepsis.
98  ideal shear strength
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2014 Ideal shear strength of a quantum crystal.
99  ideal suturing score
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2016 Tutoring Trainees to Suture: An Alternative Method for Learning How to Suture and a Way to Compensate for a Lack of Suturing Cases.
100  idiopathic or associated with various other disorders
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
HSS (1 time)
1994 Sweet's syndrome: clinicopathologic study of eleven cases.