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Abbreviation: IU
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Long forms: 115

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
international units
(626 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(66 times)
WHO (40 times)
IS (29 times)
NAT (19 times)
1953 The second international standard for penicillin.
intolerance of uncertainty
(282 times)
Psychiatry
(111 times)
GAD (29 times)
OCD (24 times)
AS (22 times)
2003 Intolerance of uncertainty in obsessive-compulsive disorder.
intrauterine
(69 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(23 times)
IM (5 times)
i.p (4 times)
i.v (4 times)
1976 Fertility of frozen chicken semen after intravaginal and intrauterine inseminations using various concentrations and equilibration times of dimethylsulfoxide and a range of freezing and thawing rates.
intermediate uveitis
(47 times)
Ophthalmology
(31 times)
CME (6 times)
MS (5 times)
PU (4 times)
1990 Serum interleukin 2-receptor levels in uveitis.
Indiana University
(36 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
GCT (3 times)
DI (2 times)
IGCCCG (2 times)
1988 Dominant inheritance of Stargardt's disease.
iodine uptake
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
DECT (5 times)
18F-FDG (1 time)
AEF (1 time)
1996 In vitro investigations of the direct effects of complex anions on thyroidal iodide uptake: Identification of novel inhibitors.
Idiopathic urethritis
(9 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
NGU (3 times)
BV (1 time)
BXO (1 time)
2005 Dysfunctional elimination syndrome as an etiology of idiopathic urethritis in childhood.
idiopathic uveitis
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
BD (3 times)
VKH (2 times)
ANA (1 time)
1987 Crohn's disease. Rifampin treatment of the ocular and gut disease.
internal urethrotomy
(8 times)
Urology
(6 times)
US (3 times)
IC (1 time)
ISD (1 time)
2002 [Internal urethrotomy: procedure].
10  imidazolidinyl urea
(7 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
DU (3 times)
AQ (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
1995 Chloromethylisothiazolone/methylisothiazolone (CMI/MI) use test with a shampoo on patch-test-positive subjects. Results of a multicentre double-blind crossover trial.
11  intravenous urography
(7 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
author's transl (1 time)
CM (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1981 [Contribution of intravenous urography to the etiological diagnosis of microscopic haematurias (author's transl)].
12  inhibitory units
(6 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
B.B.I.A (1 time)
BL (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1987 Purification and characterization of an avian myeloblastosis and human immunodeficiency virus reverse transcriptase inhibitor, sulfated polysaccharides extracted from sea algae.
13  inpatient unit
(6 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
ED (3 times)
ICU (2 times)
AE (1 time)
2001 Use of an observation unit by a pediatric emergency department for common pediatric illnesses.
14  illness uncertainty
(5 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
PTSS (3 times)
APPs (2 times)
AYAs (1 time)
2010 Exploration of the illness uncertainty concept in acute and chronic pain patients vs community patients.
15  including intolerance of uncertainty
(5 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
AS (1 time)
CA (1 time)
GAD (1 time)
2012 The intolerance of uncertainty construct in the context of anxiety disorders: theoretical and practical perspectives.
16  intensity units
(5 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AUC (1 time)
B-CLL (1 time)
CA125 (1 time)
1992 Surface immunoglobulin density in the differential diagnosis of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia and leukemic immunocytoma.
17  internet use
(5 times)
Nervous System
(1 time)
aPRs (1 time)
AQ (1 time)
BDI-II (1 time)
2016 INCREASED INTERNET USE AND POORER ABILITY TO MANAGE EMOTIONS IN YOUTH AT HIGH-RISK FOR PSYCHOSIS.
18  implantable unit
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
SU (4 times)
WU (4 times)
LSK (2 times)
2017 An inductive narrow-pulse RFID telemetry system for gastric slow waves monitoring.
19  implementation unit
(4 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
LF (3 times)
MDA (3 times)
Ag (1 time)
2012 Epidemiological assessment of eight rounds of mass drug administration for lymphatic filariasis in India: implications for monitoring and evaluation.
20  inducible urticaria
(4 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
CSU (4 times)
CU (3 times)
AE (1 time)
2014 [Inducible urticaria and chronic spontaneous urticaria].
21  initial uptake
(4 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(3 times)
ATN (3 times)
MTT (3 times)
AR (2 times)
1997 MAG3 renogram deconvolution in kidney transplantation: utility of the measurement of initial tracer uptake.
22  institutional units
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
GABA (2 times)
DEXA (1 time)
GM (1 time)
2005 Increased intramyocellular lipid accumulation in HIV-infected women with fat redistribution.
23  intravenous ulinastatin
(4 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(3 times)
SAP (6 times)
SL (4 times)
UL (2 times)
2015 Early peritoneal lavage with ulinastatin improves outcome and enhances multi-organ protection in a model of severe acute pancreatitis.
24  iodouracil
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
IDU (2 times)
BrdU (1 time)
BrU (1 time)
1977 The corneal penetration of trifluorothymidine, adenine arabinoside, and idoxuridine: a comparative study.
25  isopropyl unoprostone
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
AMD (2 times)
HFA (2 times)
MD (2 times)
2012 Topical isopropyl unoprostone for retinitis pigmentosa: microperimetric results of the phase 2 clinical study.
26  integral uniformity
(3 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
DU (2 times)
CFOV (1 time)
CoV (1 time)
1990 Reproducibility and action levels for gamma camera uniformity.
27  intention to use
(3 times)
Education
(1 time)
PSE (2 times)
PU (2 times)
apps (1 time)
2015 Social media-based civic engagement solutions for dengue prevention in Sri Lanka: results of receptivity assessment.
28  intraoperative ultrasound
(3 times)
Urology
(1 time)
FSE (1 time)
m-GGO (1 time)
pGGO (1 time)
2018 [Application of intraoperative ultrasound in laparoscopic lymphadenectomy of gastric cancer].
29  intraumbilical
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
DRAM (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
PU (1 time)
2011 Impaired abdominal skin sensory function in morbid obesity and after bariatric surgery.
30  isolated ultrafiltration
(3 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
DHD (1 time)
HD (1 time)
HP (1 time)
1994 Isolated ultrafiltration in refractory heart failure on patients with Cooley's anemia.
31  urinary incontinence
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
ICIQ-SF (1 time)
ISI (1 time)
QL (1 time)
2004 [Study of the prevalence of urinary incontinence in women from 18 to 65 and its influence on their quality of life].
32  implementation as usual
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
GTO (1 time)
H-PACT (1 time)
VA (1 time)
2017 Using Getting To Outcomes to facilitate the use of an evidence-based practice in VA homeless programs: a cluster-randomized trial of an implementation support strategy.
33  incontinencia urinaria
(2 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
UI (2 times)
DI (1 time)
HU (1 time)
2016 Risk factors for postpartum urinary incontinence.
34  independent units
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
ASJ (1 time)
HCT (1 time)
HCT-CNs (1 time)
2019 Hematopoietic cell transplant nurse coordinators' perceptions of related donor care: a European survey from the EBMT Nurses Group.
35  insulin
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
AP (1 time)
APS-2 (1 time)
BG (1 time)
2009 Altered insulin requirement in patients with type 1 diabetes and primary adrenal insufficiency receiving standard glucocorticoid replacement therapy.
36  insulin dose
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
MUFAs (1 time)
2005 Glycaemic control in type II diabetic tube-fed patients with a new enteral formula low in carbohydrates and high in monounsaturated fatty acids: a randomised controlled trial.
37  insulin units
(2 times)
Therapeutics
(2 times)
BHI30 (1 time)
BIAsp 30 (1 time)
logADD (1 time)
2010 Dosing accuracy of insulin pens versus conventional syringes and vials.
38  international units of insulin
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
ISO (2 times)
NG (1 time)
2010 Comparison of the dose accuracy of prefilled insulin pens.
39  International University
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Prospects for Vascular Access Education in Developing Countries: Current Situation in Cambodia.
40  intersection-over-union
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CVAI (1 time)
EAD (1 time)
OCT (1 time)
2018 A Deep Learning Approach to Digitally Stain Optical Coherence Tomography Images of the Optic Nerve Head.
41  intersection-union
(2 times)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
--- 2006 Challenge of multiple co-primary endpoints: a new approach.
42  intraoperative ultrasonography
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CT (2 times)
EUS (1 time)
IPF (1 time)
2011 Diagnostic usefulness of intraoperative ultrasonography in avoiding unnecessary para-aortic lymphadenectomy in women with endometrial carcinoma.
43  intraurethral
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
IC (1 time)
ICP (1 time)
1995 Erectile response to topical, intraurethral and intracorporal pharmacotherapy in a rat model of spinal cord injury.
44  intrauterine insemination
(2 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
FSH (1 time)
ICSI (1 time)
IUI (1 time)
1997 The effect of follicle-stimulating hormone therapy on sperm quality: an ultrastructural mathematical evaluation.
45  intravascular ultrasound
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
LMCA (1 time)
PTCA (1 time)
1992 Classification of morphologic effects of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty assessed by intravascular ultrasound.
46  invasive urodynamics
(2 times)
Urology
(2 times)
UTI (2 times)
2008 The usefulness of antibiotic prophylaxis in invasive urodynamics in postmenopausal female subjects.
47  irritant units
(2 times)
Botany
(2 times)
--- 2003 Irritant potential of some constituents from the seeds of Caesalpinia bonducella (L.) fleming.
48  50,000-international unit
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
IVACG (1 time)
2002 Recommendations for vitamin A supplementation.
49  acid-injection group
(1 time)
Animal Diseases
(1 time)
FM (1 time)
GLUT9 (1 time)
SD (1 time)
2020 Chicken serum uric acid level is regulated by glucose transporter 9.
50  concept-intolerance of uncertainty
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2020 From Uncertainty to Anxiety: How Uncertainty Fuels Anxiety in a Process Mediated by Intolerance of Uncertainty.
51  I-131 thyroid uptake
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
DTC (1 time)
IS (1 time)
Tg (1 time)
2004 Value of technetium scintigraphy and iodine uptake measurement during follow-up of differentiated thyroid cancer.
52  iBOND Universal
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CU (1 time)
GP (1 time)
NCCLs (1 time)
2018 An 18-month clinical evaluation of three different universal adhesives used with a universal flowable composite resin in the restoration of non-carious cervical lesions.
53  Ichimaru-Utsumi
(1 time)
EMC (1 time)
SSPs (1 time)
2008 Study of superconducting state parameters of ternary metallic glasses through pseudopotential approach.
54  identity unlinked
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
anti-E2 (1 time)
GBV-C (1 time)
HGV (1 time)
2001 Prevalence of GBV-C/hepatitis G virus viremia and anti-E2 in Canadian blood donors.
55  idiopathic urolithiasis
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
AH (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
DPA (1 time)
1991 [Bone mineral densitometry by dual photon absorptiometry in patients with urolithiasis--on the possibility of the differential diagnosis of idiopathic hypercalciuria].
56  IgG anti-rubella hemagglutinin
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1992 Serosurveillance of susceptibility to rubella in a Mexican female group.
57  imidacloprid-urea (1-((6-chloro-3-pyridinyl)-methyl)-2-imidazol-idinone)
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CEC (1 time)
IG (1 time)
IGO (1 time)
2000 Sorption of imidacloprid and its metabolites on tropical soils.
58  immersion ultrasonography
(1 time)
Optometry
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
SS-OCT (1 time)
TD-OCT (1 time)
2020 Efficacy of Swept-source Optical Coherence Tomography in Axial Length Measurement for Advanced Cataract Patients.
59  immune unbalance
(1 time)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
IE (1 time)
1999 [Infectious endocarditis: immune disorders, differentiated therapy].
60  implementing unit
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases, Emerging
(1 time)
ALB (1 time)
DEC (1 time)
ICT (1 time)
2019 How Thailand eliminated lymphatic filariasis as a public health problem.
61  include the average dose
(1 time)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
FbIU (1 time)
FbM (1 time)
OHSS (1 time)
2009 Outcomes of new quality standards of follitropin alfa on ovarian stimulation: meta-analysis of previous studies.
62  including intermediate
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
CsA (1 time)
CYC (1 time)
IMDs (1 time)
2020 Efficacy and safety of immunomodulatory drugs in patients with non-infectious intermediate and posterior uveitis, panuveitis and macular edema: A systematic literature review.
63  incorrect patch use
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
MPU (1 time)
MRS (1 time)
2021 Real-world Utilisation of the Rivastigmine Transdermal Patches Accompanying the Use of Risk Minimisation Tools in Patients with Dementia.
64  index of union
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
TT-TG (1 time)
2021 The TT-TG Distance/Trochlear Dysplasia Index Quotient Is the Most Accurate Indicator for Determining Patellofemoral Instability Risk.
65  Indiana University Hospital
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2003 Antiplatelet prescribing patterns for TIA and ischemic stroke: the Indiana University experience.
66  individual users
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GC (1 time)
HC (1 time)
HP (1 time)
2018 How social media meet patients questions: YouTube review for children oral thrush.
67  individuals frequently using the internet
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
HI (1 time)
IA (1 time)
KIA (1 time)
2020 The Impact of Internet Usage and Knowledge-Intensive Activities on Households' Healthcare Expenditures.
68  inducible types of urticaria
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
AE (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
CU (1 time)
2009 Coagulation/fibrinolysis and inflammation markers are associated with disease activity in patients with chronic urticaria.
69  indwelling ureteral catheter
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
NT (1 time)
PCNL (1 time)
TU (1 time)
2006 The efficacy of conventional PCNL and two modifications to standard procedure.
70  Inertial Sensor Unit
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
ACL (1 time)
2015 Biomechanical jumping differences among elite female handball players with and without previous anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a novel inertial sensor unit study.
71  inertial unit
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Sprint mechanics return to competition follow-up after hamstring injury on a professional soccer player: A case study with an inertial sensor unit based methodological approach.
72  infected-untreated
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
BHV-1 (1 time)
1984 The effect of some common inactivation procedures on the antigens of bovine herpesvirus 1.
73  initially unresectable
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2012 Reappraisal of the risks and benefits of major liver resection in patients with initially unresectable colorectal liver metastases.
74  injection group
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BCRP (1 time)
FM (1 time)
MRP4 (1 time)
2019 Uric acid transporters BCRP and MRP4 involved in chickens uric acid excretion.
75  injuries
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
--- 2012 [Aetiology and management of iatrogenic injury of the ureter: a review].
76  inlet ultrasound
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
IOU (1 time)
2020 Experimental investigation of flow boiling heat transfer enhancement under ultrasound fields in a minichannel heat sink.
77  inner plexiform units
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ChAT (1 time)
GCL (1 time)
INL (1 time)
2001 Immunocytochemical analysis of cholinergic amacrine cells in the tiger salamander retina.
78  insemination with her husband's semen
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
--- 1992 [Heterotopic pregnancy in intrauterine insemination. Presentation of a case].
79  instrumental units
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2004 The influence of eyelid temperature on the delivery of meibomian oil.
80  Insulin delivery
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
CGM (1 time)
SAP (1 time)
2016 Day-and-Night Closed-Loop Glucose Control in Patients With Type 1 Diabetes Under Free-Living Conditions: Results of a Single-Arm 1-Month Experience Compared With a Previously Reported Feasibility Study of Evening and Night at Home.
81  insulin requirements/day
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2003 Comparison of a high-protein disease-specific enteral formula with a high-protein enteral formula in hyperglycemic critically ill patients.
82  integrative U
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2019 An integrative U method for joint analysis of multi-level omic data.
83  intermediate unfavourable
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
AF (1 time)
CAB (1 time)
2021 High rate of local control and cure at 10 years after treatment of prostate cancer with external beam radiotherapy and high-dose-rate brachytherapy: a single centre experience.
84  intermittent ultrasonic
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
AHTD (1 time)
CU (1 time)
GW (1 time)
2019 Efficacy of 3 Supplementary Irrigation Protocols in the Removal of Hard Tissue Debris from the Mesial Root Canal System of Mandibular Molars.
85  International CFT Units
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BST (1 time)
CFT (1 time)
iELISA (1 time)
2009 An evaluation of Irish cattle herds with inconclusive serological evidence of bovine brucellosis.
86  international reference units
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
HuIFN-beta (1 time)
1984 Studies on safety problem by skin tests using human beta interferon preparation.
87  international standardized units
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
cAMP (1 time)
EBL (1 time)
2021 Prophylactic Phenylephrine Increases the Dose Requirement of Oxytocin to Treat Uterine Atony During Cesarean Delivery: A Double-Blinded, Single-Center, Randomized and Placebo-Controlled Trial.
88  international U
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ACT (1 time)
APTT (1 time)
LMWH (1 time)
2003 The activated clotting time can be used to monitor the low molecular weight heparin dalteparin after intravenous administration.
89  International Units/ml
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
CER (1 time)
IPVN (1 time)
MNT (1 time)
2004 Rabies neutralizing antibody detection by indirect immunperoxidase serum neutralization assay performed on chicken embryo related cell line.
90  interposition urethroplasty
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
GH (1 time)
SPC (1 time)
2021 Single-stage versus staged interposition urethroplasty for glandular hypospadias with severe penile curvature: 15-year experience.
91  intervention rehabilitation unit
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
CU (1 time)
2019 An exploratory investigation of the effect of naturalistic light on fatigue and subjective sleep quality in stroke patients admitted for rehabilitation: A randomized controlled trial.
92  intestinal uptake
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
18F-FDG (1 time)
TNF-alpha (1 time)
2019 Physiologic intestinal 18F-FDG uptake is associated with alteration of gut microbiota and proinflammatory cytokine levels in breast cancer.
93  into the uterus
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
CON (1 time)
OV (1 time)
2014 Effect of intrauterine administration of gonadotropin releasing hormone with glycerol on serum LH concentrations in lactating dairy cows.
94  Intolerance of Uncertainty scale
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
GAD (1 time)
1997 Behavioral expressions of intolerance of uncertainty in worry. Experimental findings.
95  intra-renal-ureteral route
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Short-term efficiency and safety of gene delivery into canine kidneys.
96  intra-uterine age
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
Al (1 time)
GFAP (1 time)
2010 Aluminum affects glial system and behavior of rats.
97  intranasal units
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2015 Is it me or is it you? Behavioral and electrophysiological effects of oxytocin administration on self-other integration during joint task performance.
98  Intrapartum ultrasound
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ACOG (1 time)
CS (1 time)
NLA (1 time)
2019 Intrapartum sonography of fetal head in second stage of labor with neuraxial analgesia: a literature review and possible medicolegal aftermath.
99  intrarectal ultrasound
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
1993 Impact of computed tomography vs. intrarectal ultrasound on the diagnosis, resectability, and prognosis of locally recurrent rectal cancer.
100  intrauterinally
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1986 Concentrations of gentamicin in serum, milk, urine, endometrium, and skeletal muscle of cows after repeated intrauterine injections.