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Abbreviation: IW
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Long forms: 146

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
infundibular width
(19 times)
Urology
(13 times)
IL (16 times)
IPA (12 times)
RIRS (5 times)
1998 Lower-pole caliceal stone clearance after shockwave lithotripsy, percutaneous nephrolithotomy, and flexible ureteroscopy: impact of radiographic spatial anatomy.
inner wall
(17 times)
Ophthalmology
(13 times)
SC (8 times)
JCT (7 times)
TM (5 times)
1992 The relationship between pore density and outflow facility in human eyes.
intermediate water
(14 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
DSC (4 times)
NFW (3 times)
FW (2 times)
2008 Comparison of the accuracy of the three-dimensional virtual method and the conventional manual method for model surgery and intermediate wafer fabrication.
Information Warehouse
(12 times)
Medical Informatics
(12 times)
OSUMC (12 times)
BI (1 time)
CPOE (1 time)
2004 Information warehouse as a tool to analyze Computerized Physician Order Entry order set utilization: opportunities for improvement.
intermediate-weighted
(12 times)
Radiology
(7 times)
OAI (6 times)
DESS (5 times)
FS (4 times)
2006 Normal-appearing white matter in patients with phenylketonuria: water content, myelin water fraction, and metabolite concentrations.
Irish wolfhound
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
DCM (5 times)
LR (5 times)
NF (5 times)
2006 A longitudinal study on growth and growth variables in dogs of four large breeds raised in domestic environments.
irrigation water
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
AL (2 times)
GW (2 times)
ANLF (1 time)
2002 Examination for intestinal parasites and enteric bacteria in the wastewater and treated wastewater from the city of Chiang Mai, Thailand.
inferior wall
(9 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
AW (5 times)
LV (5 times)
LW (5 times)
1982 [Evaluation of left ventricular asynergy by parasternal and subcostal M-mode echocardiography].
intestinal weight
(7 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
BW (7 times)
AF (2 times)
IL (2 times)
1986 Effects on the fetal rat intestine of maternal malnutrition and exposure to nitrofen (2,4-dichlorophenyl-p-nitrophenyl ether).
10  ideal weight
(6 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AW (2 times)
BMI (2 times)
BW (2 times)
1993 Optimal spinal strength normalization factors among male railroad workers.
11  interstitial water
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
BAF (1 time)
BCF (1 time)
BSAFs (1 time)
1998 Comparative bioaccumulation of chlorinated hydrocarbons from sediment by two infaunal invertebrates.
12  immobilized-water immersion
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
FS (4 times)
CWS (1 time)
CYH (1 time)
1983 Involvement of different mechanisms, opioid and non-opioid forms, in the analgesia induced by footshock (FS) and immobilized-water immersion (IW) stress.
13  independent walking
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CM (1 time)
CP (1 time)
CSM (1 time)
1996 Head coordination in the sagittal plane in toddlers during walking: preliminary results.
14  initial weight
(5 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
FW (2 times)
ACAA1 (1 time)
ANN (1 time)
2003 Blood-feeding performance of nymphs and adults of Triatoma brasiliensis on human hosts.
15  intermittent warming
(5 times)
Food
(2 times)
PwMS (2 times)
CW (1 time)
MAP (1 time)
1997 Effect of Intermittent Warming and Modified Atmosphere Packaging on Fungal Growth in Peaches.
16  internal work
(5 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
EW (2 times)
CE (1 time)
CMR (1 time)
1989 Compartmentalizing chemomechanical transduction in the ejecting heart.
17  inverted Wishart
(5 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
GIW (2 times)
VB (2 times)
AB (1 time)
2012 Bayesian conjugate analysis using a generalized inverted Wishart distribution accounts for differential uncertainty among the genetic parameters--an application to the maternal animal model.
18  industrial wastewater
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
SW (2 times)
ANPS (1 time)
DW (1 time)
2007 [Water pollution load in coastal zone of Xiamen: estimation and forecast].
19  injection well
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
TCE (3 times)
CMC (1 time)
ERT (1 time)
2010 Field assessment of carboxymethyl cellulose stabilized iron nanoparticles for in situ destruction of chlorinated solvents in source zones.
20  interval walking
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
CW (4 times)
cfPWV (1 time)
CON (1 time)
2014 The acute effects of interval- Vs continuous-walking exercise on glycemic control in subjects with type 2 diabetes: a crossover, controlled study.
21  intestinal wall
(4 times)
Zoology
(1 time)
FA (1 time)
GC (1 time)
IV (1 time)
2017 Correlation between capillary oxygen saturation and small intestinal wall thickness in the equine colic patient.
22  ion-water
(4 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
BSSE (2 times)
I-W-W (2 times)
MBE (2 times)
2014 The effect of concentration- and temperature-dependent dielectric constant on the activity coefficient of NaCl electrolyte solutions.
23  implantation window
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
END (2 times)
FC (2 times)
IC (2 times)
2017 Implantation Window and Angiogenesis.
24  Implied Weights
(3 times)
Animal Population Groups
(1 time)
COI (1 time)
PP (1 time)
2004 Profile Parsimony (PP): an analysis under Implied Weights (IW).
25  industrial waste
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
MSW (2 times)
BM (1 time)
CBPC (1 time)
2008 Characteristics of elements in waste ashes from a solid waste incinerator in Taiwan.
26  infarction weight
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
EF (2 times)
ACG (1 time)
AIC (1 time)
1995 [Cine-MRT in the functional and morphological diagnosis of the heart after a myocardial infarct/ A comparison with angiocardiography, 2-dimensional echocardiography, intracardiac scintigraphy and enzymatic infarct size estimation].
27  injured workers
(3 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CMS (1 time)
EEOC (1 time)
2012 Legal changes necessitate proactive management of Musculoskeletal Disorders: the role of electrodiagnostic functional assessment Soft Tissue Management program.
28  intelligent wheelchair
(3 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
IWs (1 time)
OGMs (1 time)
2009 Vision based interface system for hands free control of an Intelligent Wheelchair.
29  intensity windowing
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
GCS (1 time)
GRAIL (1 time)
MI (1 time)
1997 Does intensity windowing improve the detection of simulated calcifications in dense mammograms?
30  intensity-weighted
(3 times)
Medical Informatics Applications
(1 time)
AHS (1 time)
AIT (1 time)
BPF (1 time)
2006 Characterization of intimal changes in coronary artery specimens with MR microscopy.
31  intercropping wheat
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
IF (2 times)
MW (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
2014 [Effect of wheat and faba bean intercropping on root exudation of low molecular weight organic acids].
32  isoelectric window
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
BCL (1 time)
DFT (1 time)
ICD (1 time)
2006 Mechanistic enquiry into the effect of increased pacing rate on the upper limit of vulnerability.
33  (S)-iodowillardiine
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
GluR5 (1 time)
KA (1 time)
PI (1 time)
1998 Kainate receptors exhibit differential sensitivities to (S)-5-iodowillardiine.
34  ice-water
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
IG (1 time)
RT (1 time)
1993 DC photoplethysmography in the evaluation of sympathetic vasomotor responses.
35  illness willingness
(2 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
AE (2 times)
CIAQ (2 times)
2010 Relationship between acceptance of HIV/AIDS and functional outcomes assessed in a primary care setting.
36  immobile waking
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
IPI (2 times)
PPI (2 times)
SWS (2 times)
1989 Paired-pulse facilitation and inhibition in the dentate gyrus is dependent on behavioral state.
37  impaired wakefulness
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
BF (1 time)
ECD (1 time)
IR (1 time)
2004 Impaired wakefulness is associated with reduced anterior cingulate CBF in patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus.
38  Impairment Weight
(2 times)
Health Policy
(1 time)
DALYs (1 time)
DW (1 time)
MAT (1 time)
2021 Exploratory Economic Evaluation of Buprenorphine Treatment in Opioid Use Disorder.
39  improved Wallachian
(2 times)
NW (2 times)
SD (2 times)
P/F (1 time)
2022 The Impact of Bacteriocenoses on Sperm Vitality, Immunological and Oxidative Characteristics of Ram Ejaculates: Does the Breed Play a Role?
40  incipient wetness impregnation
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DRIFTS (1 time)
GHSV (1 time)
IE (1 time)
2006 Chemical activity of palladium clusters: Sorption of hydrogen.
41  incisal width
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CPW (1 time)
CW (1 time)
IMR (1 time)
2002 Relationship between the face and the tooth form.
42  incision wounds
(2 times)
Plants, Medicinal
(1 time)
DW (2 times)
EW (1 time)
EWs (1 time)
2016 Evaluation of wound healing activity of cow urine ark in diabetic Wistar albino rats.
43  indoor workers
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
OW (2 times)
AK (1 time)
BCC (1 time)
2016 Questionnaire-based evaluation of occupational and non-occupational solar radiation exposure in a sample of Italian patients treated for actinic keratosis and other non-melanoma skin cancers.
44  infiltrate width
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
AS-OCT (1 time)
CT (1 time)
FK (1 time)
2010 In vivo quantification of bacterial keratitis with optical coherence tomography.
45  interface water
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
DMPC (2 times)
2019 Quantification of spatio-temporal scales of dynamical heterogeneity of water near lipid membranes above supercooling.
46  interfacial water
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
MD (1 time)
2019 Hydrogen polarity of interfacial water regulates heterogeneous ice nucleation.
47  interferometric wide swath
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
GRD (1 time)
IST (1 time)
LULC (1 time)
2019 Seasonal cycles of lakes on the Tibetan Plateau detected by Sentinel-1 SAR data.
48  Interferometric Wide swath mode
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Landsat 8 (1 time)
OLI (1 time)
SAR (1 time)
2019 Land cover mapping using Sentinel-1 SAR and Landsat 8 imageries of Lagos State for 2017.
49  Intermountain West
(2 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
HPV (2 times)
CI (1 time)
PR (1 time)
2015 Factors Associated with Increased HPV Vaccine Use in Rural-Frontier U.S. States.
50  invariant water
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
ECM (1 time)
MMPs (1 time)
2021 Water-mediated structural rearrangement establishes active conformation of caspases for apoptosis and inflammation.
51  iron-wustite
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
NNO (1 time)
Pl (1 time)
2012 Redox systematics of a magma ocean with variable pressure-temperature gradients and composition.
52  ischemic window
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
ACD (2 times)
ICD (2 times)
ABI (1 time)
2000 Effect of cloricromene on intermittent claudication. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in patients treated with aspirin: effect on claudication distance and quality of life. CRAMPS Investigator Group. Cloricromene Randomized Arteriopathy Multicenter Prospective Study.
53  esculenta-Irish wakame
(1 time)
PP (1 time)
SS (1 time)
TPA (1 time)
2022 Acceptable Inclusion Levels for Selected Brown and Red Irish Seaweed Species in Pork Sausages.
54  ice wrap
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
2015 Compressive cryotherapy versus ice-a prospective, randomized study on postoperative pain in patients undergoing arthroscopic rotator cuff repair or subacromial decompression.
55  Ikwitang
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
DW (1 time)
FST (1 time)
2016 Antidepressant-like effect of Ikwitang involves modulation of monoaminergic systems.
56  iliac wing
(1 time)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
ICA (1 time)
2013 Cameriere's approach modified for pelvic radiographs: a novel method to assess apophyseal iliac crest ossification for the purpose of forensic age diagnostics.
57  iliococcygeus width
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
APH (1 time)
HA (1 time)
HC (1 time)
2014 3 T MRI-based measurements for the integrity of the female pelvic floor in 25 healthy nulliparous women.
58  Illusional washout
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
DP (1 time)
ECA (1 time)
HBA (1 time)
2021 Intraindividual Comparison of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Washout between MRIs with Hepatobiliary and Extracellular Contrast Agents.
59  illusory word
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
RB (1 time)
RSVP (1 time)
2005 Relations between emotion, illusory word perception, and orthographic repetition blindness: tests of binding theory.
60  imagine walking
(1 time)
Behavior
(1 time)
IS (1 time)
OS (1 time)
OW (1 time)
2018 Neural Mechanisms Involved in Mental Imagery of Slip-Perturbation While Walking: A Preliminary fMRI Study.
61  immature female Wistar rats
(1 time)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
BuPben (1 time)
EtPben (1 time)
IM (1 time)
2005 In vivo and in vitro estrogen bioactivities of alkyl parabens.
62  immediate whitening
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
PIH (1 time)
QS (1 time)
2011 Comparative study of treatment efficacy and the incidence of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation with different degrees of irradiation using two different quality-switched lasers for removing solar lentigines on Asian skin.
63  immediate withdrawal
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
AEDs (1 time)
DW (1 time)
PNEAs (1 time)
2010 An exploratory randomized controlled trial of immediate versus delayed withdrawal of antiepileptic drugs in patients with psychogenic nonepileptic attacks (PNEAs).
64  immigrant women
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
cART (1 time)
HR (1 time)
TTF (1 time)
2012 Response to combined antiretroviral therapy according to gender and origin in a cohort of naive HIV-infected patients: GESIDA-5808 study.
65  impact weights
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CA19-9 (1 time)
GC (1 time)
TNM (1 time)
2021 Combination of preoperative CA19-9 levels, cell differentiation, and age predicts survival for patients with gastric cancer before surgery.
66  implant width
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
BG (1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
IL (1 time)
2018 Influence of 2D vs 3D imaging and professional experience on dental implant treatment planning.
67  implanted wethers
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BF (1 time)
IR (1 time)
NI (1 time)
1992 Effects of implanting ram and wether lambs with zeranol at birth and weaning on palatability and muscle collagen characteristics.
68  Implicit Wanting
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
EL (1 time)
TFEQ (1 time)
2013 Questionnaire and laboratory measures of eating behavior. Associations with energy intake and BMI in a community sample of working adults.
69  importance-weighted
(1 time)
IFA (1 time)
IWAE (1 time)
MH-RM (1 time)
2021 A Deep Learning Algorithm for High-Dimensional Exploratory Item Factor Analysis.
70  imposed walking
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
LPV (1 time)
LTI (1 time)
2013 Linear parameter varying identification of ankle joint intrinsic stiffness during imposed walking movements.
71  incapacity to work
(1 time)
Primary Health Care
(1 time)
DRCW (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2003 An observer-participant study in primary care of assessments of inability to work in immigrant patients with ongoing sick leave.
72  inchworm
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
HOH (1 time)
2018 Inchworm bipedal nanowalker.
73  incident wave
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CCA (1 time)
NRMSEs (1 time)
PWs (1 time)
2018 Ultrasound simulation model incorporating incident and reflected wave propagations along a common carotid artery.
74  including a week intensified training
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
RPE (1 time)
RPF (1 time)
TL (1 time)
2022 A Practical Approach to Assessing Physical Freshness: Utility of a Simple Perceived Physical Freshness Status Scale.
75  Inclusion Web
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
ACPQ (1 time)
CMSI (1 time)
EPQ (1 time)
2013 A review of social inclusion measures.
76  incremental work
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
ATi (1 time)
CLW (1 time)
FEO2 (1 time)
1983 Lactate accumulation relative to the anaerobic and respiratory compensation thresholds.
77  index Weiss
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ACC (1 time)
MIW (1 time)
2015 [Comparative clinical analysis of histological systems of adrenocortical tumors diagnosis].
78  indication weights
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
FI (1 time)
HV (1 time)
2014 Ecological validity of river-floodplain system assessment by planktonic crustacean survey (Branchiata: Branchiopoda).
79  indirect witnesses
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
MHD (1 time)
SCL-90-R (1 time)
SHD (1 time)
2015 Does exposure type impact differentially over time on the development of mental health disturbances after a technological disaster?
80  individual birth weight
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
LS (1 time)
LW (1 time)
2006 Genetic parameters for canalisation analysis of litter size and litter weight traits at birth in mice.
81  indoor-withered leaves
(1 time)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
DElncRNAs (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
2020 Transcriptome and Phytochemical Analyses Provide New Insights Into Long Non-Coding RNAs Modulating Characteristic Secondary Metabolites of Oolong Tea (Camellia sinensis) in Solar-Withering.
82  industrial waste processing leachates
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PCBS (1 time)
Pd (1 time)
SAC (1 time)
2018 [Biorecovery of Palladium from Simulated Wastewaters and Its Catalytic Property for Methylene Blue].
83  industrial workers
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
CPI (1 time)
2015 Updated BG Prasad socioeconomic classification, 2014: a commentary.
84  inert wastes
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2016 Application of inert wastes in the construction, operation and closure of landfills: Calculation tool.
85  Inertia weight
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
FEIW (1 time)
PSO (1 time)
2016 A Novel Flexible Inertia Weight Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm.
86  inexperienced wethers
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
EW (1 time)
1996 Persistence of the effects of early experience on consumption of low-quality roughage by sheep.
87  inferior pole width
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
RV (1 time)
SW (1 time)
WPC (1 time)
1995 Theoretical kidney volume versus real kidney volume: comparative evaluation in fetuses.
88  inferior wall segments
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
IVS (1 time)
LV (1 time)
SA-LVG (1 time)
1985 [Short-axis views of left ventriculograms compared with two-dimensional echocardiograms in cases of ischemic heart disease].
89  inferior whorl
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CCM (1 time)
CNFD (1 time)
DPN (1 time)
2018 Greater corneal nerve loss at the inferior whorl is related to the presence of diabetic neuropathy and painful diabetic neuropathy.
90  informative wavelengths
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
Vis-NIR (1 time)
2021 Estimation of komatsuna freshness using visible and near-infrared spectroscopy based on the interpretation of NMR metabolomics analysis.
91  injection water
(1 time)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
FW (1 time)
VFAs (1 time)
2014 Isotopic insights into microbial sulfur cycling in oil reservoirs.
92  inlet water
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
ARB (1 time)
ARGs (1 time)
OW (1 time)
2019 Effect of hydraulic conditions on the prevalence of antibiotic resistance in water supply systems.
93  inner wing
(1 time)
Biomimetics
(1 time)
CFD (1 time)
DS (1 time)
OW (1 time)
2022 Wing Kinematics and Unsteady Aerodynamics of a Hummingbird Pure Yawing Maneuver.
94  inoculated-water-supplied
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
1999 Stunting syndrome in broilers: effect of electrolytes in drinking water on performance and intestinal glucose transport.
95  inoculation weeks
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1990 Sequential mesenteric arteriography in pony foals during repeated inoculations of Strongylus vulgaris and treatments with ivermectin.
96  Inorganic synthetic water
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CE (1 time)
PE (1 time)
SE (1 time)
2018 Effects of residual organics in municipal wastewater on hydrogenotrophic denitrifying microbial communities.
97  inpatient ward
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
ED (1 time)
OR (1 time)
1997 Complication rates of tube thoracostomy.
98  inpatient withdrawal
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
AUD (1 time)
RR (1 time)
2018 Effectiveness of inpatient withdrawal and residential rehabilitation interventions for alcohol use disorder: A national observational, cohort study in England.
99  inside the window group
(1 time)
Thrombosis
(1 time)
ADP (1 time)
MI (1 time)
NACE (1 time)
2021 An optimal window of platelet reactivity by LTA assay for patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.
100  instrumental width
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
DS (1 time)
SHS (1 time)
Vf (1 time)
2022 Charge exchange spectroscopy using spatial heterodyne spectrometer in the large helical device.