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Abbreviation: Ile
Appearance Frequency: 270 time(s)
Long forms: 60

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
isoleucine
(198 times)
Biochemistry
(31 times)
Val (85 times)
Leu (71 times)
Phe (32 times)
1975 Detection of G1 proteins in Chinese hamster cells synchronized by isoleucine deprivation or mitotic selection.
Ile-tRNA
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
Val (3 times)
MD (2 times)
Ala (1 time)
1995 Residues in a class I tRNA synthetase which determine selectivity of amino acid recognition in the context of tRNA.
isoleucyl-tRNA
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
Val (2 times)
IleRS (1 time)
Leu (1 time)
2007 The C-terminal domain of the archaeal leucyl-tRNA synthetase prevents misediting of isoleucyl-tRNA(Ile).
isoleucine by tRNA
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
TilS (2 times)
2007 Structural basis of the initial binding of tRNA(Ile) lysidine synthetase TilS with ATP and L-lysine.
identical and encoded tRNA
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 1993 Molecular characterization of DNA encoding 23S rRNA and 16S-23S rRNA intergenic spacer regions of Aeromonas hydrophila.
identical for the four Bartonella species, but the tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ITS (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
1995 The 16S-23S rRNA intergenic spacer region of Bartonella (Rochalimaea) species is longer than usually described in other bacteria.
identical to the one found between the tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
Leu (1 time)
mtDNA (1 time)
1996 Gene rearrangements in snake mitochondrial genomes: highly concerted evolution of control-region-like sequences duplicated and inserted into a tRNA gene cluster.
identified a pathogenic, heteroplasmic mitochondria tRNA
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
MND (1 time)
2006 Motor neuron disease in a patient with a mitochondrial tRNAIle mutation.
identified by the cross-linking analysis severely affected discrimination of Val-tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Val (1 time)
1995 Residues in a class I tRNA synthetase which determine selectivity of amino acid recognition in the context of tRNA.
10  identified mitochondrial tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2016 The mitochondrial calcium uniporter is involved in mitochondrial calcium cycle dysfunction: Underlying mechanism of hypertension associated with mitochondrial tRNA(Ile) A4263G mutation.
11  identified, Leu
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2019 Identification and characterization of flavor precursor peptide from beef enzymatic hydrolysate by Maillard reaction.
12  IGS contained a central 267-bp region with tRNA
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
IGS (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
1996 Genus- and species-specific detection of Listeria monocytogenes using polymerase chain reaction assays targeting the 16S/23S intergenic spacer region of the rRNA operon.
13  Ile and Val
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
Kv (1 time)
LQT (1 time)
2000 A structural basis for drug-induced long QT syndrome.
14  Ile lysidine synthase, so that it recognizes the codon AUA
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
nt (1 time)
2012 Mitochondrial genomes from the lichenized fungi Peltigera membranacea and Peltigera malacea: features and phylogeny.
15  Ile to tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
tRNA (1 time)
1999 Insights into editing from an ile-tRNA synthetase structure with tRNAile and mupirocin.
16  Ile-tRNA formation were compared using OppA mRNA and tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2008 Selective structural change by spermidine in the bulged-out region of double-stranded RNA and its effect on RNA function.
17  IleRS complexed with tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
tRNA (1 time)
1999 Insights into editing from an ile-tRNA synthetase structure with tRNAile and mupirocin.
18  IleRS deacylates, or edits, the mischarged Val-tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
IleRS (1 time)
2004 Crystal structures of the CP1 domain from Thermus thermophilus isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase and its complex with L-valine.
19  IleRS labeling by ADP-PL or tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
IleRS (1 time)
2009 Primary Structure Revision and Active Site Mapping of E. Coli Isoleucyl-tRNA Synthetase by Means of Maldi Mass Spectrometry.
20  IleRS mischarged tRNA
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
IleRS (1 time)
Lys (1 time)
LysRS (1 time)
2014 Relaxed substrate specificity leads to extensive tRNA mischarging by Streptococcus pneumoniae class I and class II aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases.
21  immediately 5' to the mitochondrial transfer RNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2004 A cluster of metabolic defects caused by mutation in a mitochondrial tRNA.
22  important roles in aminoacylation of tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1995 Mutation of the carboxy terminal zinc finger of E. coli isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase alters zinc binding and aminoacylation activity.
23  importation of the mainly mitochondria-localized tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
Asp (1 time)
2000 Selective importation of RNA into isolated mitochondria from Leishmania tarentolae.
24  include the unsplit tRNA
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 1991 Structural features of the plastid ribosomal RNA operons of two red algae: Antithamnion sp. and Cyanidium caldarium.
25  included a complete duplication of tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
mtDNA (1 time)
2004 The mitochondrial genome of the blowfly Chrysomya chloropyga (Diptera: Calliphoridae).
26  includes the tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
N.e (1 time)
1995 Phylogenetic relationship of the green alga Nanochlorum eukaryotum deduced from its chloroplast rRNA sequences.
27  includes tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
Met (2 times)
2004 Gene rearrangements and evolution of tRNA pseudogenes in the mitochondrial genome of the parrotfish (Teleostei: Perciformes: Scaridae).
28  including complete tRNA
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2010 Genealogy and palaeodrainage basins in Yunnan Province: phylogeography of the Yunnan spiny frog, Nanorana yunnanensis (Dicroglossidae).
29  including genes specifying tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 1991 Clustered tRNA genes in Schizosaccharomyces pombe centromeric DNA sequence repeats.
30  including the entire tRNA
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
Ala (1 time)
1992 Loss of transfer RNA genes from the plastid 16S-23S ribosomal RNA gene spacer in a parasitic plant.
31  increased the Vmax and Km values for rat liver tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1990 Responsibility of tRNA(Ile) for spermine stimulation of rat liver Ile-tRNA formation.
32  indicates a linkage peptide sequence Leu
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CTS (1 time)
GFP (1 time)
IPIII (1 time)
1998 Activity of foreign proteins targeted within the bacteriophage T4 head and prohead: implications for packaged DNA structure.
33  individuals carrying the tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
VDAC (1 time)
2011 Voltage-dependent anion channel involved in the mitochondrial calcium cycle of cell lines carrying the mitochondrial DNA A4263G mutation.
34  individuals, either with or without tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2016 The mitochondrial calcium uniporter is involved in mitochondrial calcium cycle dysfunction: Underlying mechanism of hypertension associated with mitochondrial tRNA(Ile) A4263G mutation.
35  inherited hypertension in subjects carrying the mitochondrial tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2016 The mitochondrial calcium uniporter is involved in mitochondrial calcium cycle dysfunction: Underlying mechanism of hypertension associated with mitochondrial tRNA(Ile) A4263G mutation.
36  inherited hypertension is associated with the mitochondrial tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2008 Maternally inherited hypertension is associated with the mitochondrial tRNA(Ile) A4295G mutation in a Chinese family.
37  instability of the mutant tRNA
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
EF-Tu (1 time)
mt (1 time)
2004 The pathogenic A4269G mutation in human mitochondrial tRNA(Ile) alters the T-stem structure and decreases the binding affinity for elongation factor Tu.
38  interact with tRNAs: Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, glutamyl-tRNA amidotransferase, tRNA
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
tRNAs (1 time)
2015 Cytonuclear Interactions in the Evolution of Animal Mitochondrial tRNA Metabolism.
39  intercistronic tRNAs with the 29 nucleotide spacer of 5'-16S rDNA-tRNA
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CEM (1 time)
ISR (1 time)
2006 Nucleotide sequencing and analysis of 16S rDNA and 16S-23S rDNA internal spacer region (ISR) of Taylorella equigenitalis, as an important pathogen for contagious equine metritis (CEM).
40  Interestingly, both have a tRNA
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
OY (1 time)
rrn (1 time)
2003 First complete nucleotide sequence and heterologous gene organization of the two rRNA operons in the phytoplasma genome.
41  Interestingly, the genes of tRNA
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
ITS (1 time)
rrn (1 time)
2008 Sequestering from host and characterization of sequence of a ribosomal RNA operon (rrn) from "Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus".
42  intergenic spacer of R. paucula contains the tRNA
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
rDNA (1 time)
2001 Ralstonia paucula (Formerly CDC group IV c-2): unsuccessful strain differentiation with PCR-based methods, study of the 16S-23S spacer of the rRNA operon, and comparison with other Ralstonia species (R. eutropha, R. pickettii, R. gilardii, and R. solanacearum).
43  internal transcribed spacers containing genes for tRNA
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2004 Oligonucleotide microarray for identification of Bacillus anthracis based on intergenic transcribed spacers in ribosomal DNA.
44  introduced post-transcriptionally by tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
IleRS (1 time)
TilS (1 time)
2013 Decoding system for the AUA codon by tRNAIle with the UAU anticodon in Mycoplasma mobile.
45  intron shows a higher sequence affiliation with introns in tRNA
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
--- 2002 Nested evolution of a tRNA(Leu)(UAA) group I intron by both horizontal intron transfer and recombination of the entire tRNA locus.
46  iron-molybdenum (FeMo)-cofactor of the nitrogenase alpha-70
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
iso (1 time)
2005 Trapping H- bound to the nitrogenase FeMo-cofactor active site during H2 evolution: characterization by ENDOR spectroscopy.
47  isoform selectivity
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AKAP (1 time)
AKAPs (1 time)
PKA (1 time)
2016 Defining A-Kinase Anchoring Protein (AKAP) Specificity for the Protein Kinase A Subunit RI (PKA-RI).
48  isolated and sequenced the minor species of tRNA
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
Psis (1 time)
1994 Intron-dependent formation of pseudouridines in the anticodon of Saccharomyces cerevisiae minor tRNA(Ile).
49  isolated mitochondria more efficiently than 5'-extended precursor tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2000 End processing precedes mitochondrial importation and editing of tRNAs in Leishmania tarentolae.
50  isoleucine is 180-1700 times more attached to tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1989 Isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase from baker's yeast. Discrimination of 20 amino acids in aminoacylation of tRNA(Ile)-C-C-3'dA; role of terminal hydroxyl groups aminoacylation of tRNA(Ile)-C-C-A.
51  Isoleucyl tRNA synthetase edits valine by two tRNA
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
aaRSs (1 time)
2002 Mutational separation of two pathways for editing by a class I tRNA synthetase.
52  its 5' flanking region encoding tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ORF (1 time)
1991 Six group I introns and three internal transcribed spacers in the chloroplast large subunit ribosomal RNA gene of the green alga Chlamydomonas eugametos.
53  its endogenous L-isoleucine
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
4-HIL (1 time)
ido (1 time)
2015 4-Hydroxyisoleucine production of recombinant Corynebacterium glutamicum ssp. lactofermentum under optimal corn steep liquor limitation.
54  its probable occurrence in the AUA decoding tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
LC-MS (1 time)
2010 Agmatidine, a modified cytidine in the anticodon of archaeal tRNA(Ile), base pairs with adenosine but not with guanosine.
55  ITS sequence, variable regions, conserved domains and tRNA
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
ITS (1 time)
OTUs (1 time)
2009 Cytomorphological and genetic characterization of troglobitic Leptolyngbya strains isolated from Roman hypogea.
56  its synthetase compared to normal tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1988 Modified nucleosides and the chromatographic and aminoacylation behavior of tRNA(Ile) from Escherichia coli C6.
57  L is synthesized by tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
TilS (1 time)
2015 Mechanisms of the tRNA wobble cytidine modification essential for AUA codon decoding in prokaryotes.
58  L-ISR contained two tDNAs coding for tRNA
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
ISRs (1 time)
L-ISR (1 time)
M-ISR (1 time)
2002 Differentiation of closely related Carnobacterium food isolates based on 16S-23S ribosomal DNA intergenic spacer region polymorphism.
59  lysidine is catalyzed by tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
IleRS (1 time)
2009 The catalytic flexibility of tRNAIle-lysidine synthetase can generate alternative tRNA substrates for isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase.
60  phosphatidylcholine-isoleucine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
lecithin, PC (1 time)
Phe (1 time)
Tyr (1 time)
2011 The interfacial tension of the lipid membrane formed from lipid-amino acid systems.