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Abbreviation: KA
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Long forms: 175

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
kainic acid
(1911 times)
Neurology
(934 times)
NMDA (217 times)
SE (120 times)
AMPA (97 times)
1978 Intranigral kainic acid: evidence for nigral non-dopaminergic neurons controlling posture and behavior in a manner opposite to the dopaminergic ones.
kainate
(558 times)
Neurology
(315 times)
NMDA (191 times)
AMPA (149 times)
Glu (70 times)
1983 Role of ventral mesencephalic reticular formation and related noradrenergic and serotonergic bundles in turning behaviour as investigated by means of kainate, 6-hydroxydopamine and 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine lesions.
keratoacanthoma
(187 times)
Dermatology
(104 times)
SCC (94 times)
BCC (18 times)
AK (17 times)
1978 Treatment of keratoacanthomas with intralesional fluorouracil.
kynurenic acid
(72 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
QA (21 times)
TRP (21 times)
KYN (20 times)
1984 Studies on the urinary excretion of xanthurenic acid in diabetics.
kala-azar
(69 times)
Tropical Medicine
(24 times)
PKDL (20 times)
VL (15 times)
SAG (7 times)
1980 Serological investigations on Indian kala-azar.
kojic acid
(57 times)
Toxicology
(14 times)
GST-P (4 times)
AA (2 times)
CHO (2 times)
1998 Induction of thyroid tumours in (C57BL/6N x C3H/N)F1 mice by oral administration of kojic acid.
Korean American
(37 times)
Nursing
(14 times)
BC (2 times)
CA (2 times)
HBV (2 times)
2003 Mothers' acculturation and eating behaviors of Korean American families in California.
knee arthroplasty
(25 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
OA (8 times)
HA (5 times)
CI (4 times)
2003 Continuous passive motion following total knee arthroplasty.
kyphotic angle
(21 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
VAS (11 times)
ODI (6 times)
PKP (3 times)
2009 Comparison of surgical outcomes in thoracolumbar fractures operated with posterior constructs having varying fixation length with selective anterior fusion.
10  Kalpaamruthaa
(16 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
SA (6 times)
CVD (4 times)
EO (4 times)
2006 Anticancer effect of Kalpaamruthaa on mammary carcinoma in rats with reference to glycoprotein components, lysosomal and marker enzymes.
11  kidney alone
(14 times)
Transplantation
(10 times)
SPK (8 times)
KP (4 times)
ESRD (2 times)
1994 Simultaneous pancreas-kidney versus kidney-alone transplants in diabetics: increased risk of early cardiac death and acute rejection following pancreas transplants.
12  kinematic alignment
(12 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
MA (8 times)
TKA (7 times)
CI (2 times)
2012 Alignment for total knee replacement: a comparison of kinematic axis versus mechanical axis techniques. A cadaver study.
13  ketoacids
(10 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
CKD (3 times)
BN (2 times)
EAA (2 times)
1987 Influence of keto acid (KA) treatment on renal osteodystrophy.
14  kaempferol
(9 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
QU (6 times)
IS (5 times)
RU (3 times)
2003 Antioxidant activity of Sempervivum tectorum and its components.
15  Kirchhoff approximation
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
EM (2 times)
FEM (2 times)
GTD (2 times)
2008 Boundary perturbation methods for high-frequency acoustic scattering: shallow periodic gratings.
16  keratometric astigmatism
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
TCA (4 times)
ATR (3 times)
PCA (3 times)
2003 Impact of graft diameter on corneal power and the regularity of postkeratoplasty astigmatism before and after suture removal.
17  kainic
(7 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
QA (4 times)
Glu (2 times)
NMDA (2 times)
1984 Hyperpolarization of fish retinal horizontal cells by kainate and quisqualate.
18  kanamycin
(7 times)
Audiology
(3 times)
EA (3 times)
ABR (1 time)
ABRs (1 time)
1988 Potentiation of ototoxicity by glutathione depletion.
19  knee arthroscopy
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
DVT (1 time)
ERIKA (1 time)
GA (1 time)
2010 Assessing the adequacy of procedure-specific consent forms in orthopaedic surgery against current methods of operative consent.
20  knowledge acquisition
(7 times)
Medical Informatics
(7 times)
CHD (1 time)
CPGs (1 time)
IE (1 time)
1990 A method for the acquisition of formalized knowledge in pathology.
21  ent-kaurenoic acid
(6 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
CHD (2 times)
MIC (2 times)
ESI (1 time)
2002 Inhibitory action of kaurenoic acid from Viguiera robusta (Asteraceae) on phenylephrine-induced rat carotid contraction.
22  keto analogues
(6 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
EAA (3 times)
LPD (2 times)
aa (1 time)
1985 The influence of two different essential amino acid/keto analogue preparations on the clinical status of patients with chronic renal failure.
23  kinematically aligned
(6 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
TKA (6 times)
MA (5 times)
AFFAs (1 time)
2016 What are the bias, imprecision, and limits of agreement for finding the flexion-extension plane of the knee with five tibial reference lines?
24  knowledge and attitude
(6 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
CPR (1 time)
EBF (1 time)
ELESSS (1 time)
2002 [Evaluation of two strategies for nutritional education using radio programs in Guadalajara, Mexico].
25  Kob-Andersen
(6 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
LFS (1 time)
LFSs (1 time)
2004 Absorption and emission in the non-Poissonian case.
26  Kolmer-Agduhr
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
A-P (1 time)
CoSA (1 time)
DoLA (1 time)
1992 Axonal trajectories and distribution of GABAergic spinal neurons in wildtype and mutant zebrafish lacking floor plate cells.
27  koningic acid
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
GAPDH (4 times)
RBC (2 times)
DHAP (1 time)
1997 Koningic acid (a potent glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase inhibitor)-induced fragmentation and condensation of DNA in NG108-15 cells.
28  A-type K+ currents
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CAP (1 time)
GFAP (1 time)
KD (1 time)
1995 Distinct populations of identified glial cells in the developing rat spinal cord slice: ion channel properties and cell morphology.
29  knee angle
(5 times)
Athletic Injuries
(2 times)
CE (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
DVJ (1 time)
2000 Effects of different after-loads and knee angles on maximal explosive power of the lower limbs in humans.
30  kallikrein activity
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
Ang II (1 time)
BK (1 time)
CV (1 time)
1979 A clinical study on urinary kallikrein in patients with renal diseases.
31  kicking accuracy
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
BP (1 time)
BT (1 time)
BV (1 time)
2010 Acute effect of exercise on kicking accuracy in elite Australian football players.
32  kidney transplantation alone
(4 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
KP (2 times)
SPK (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
2000 Patient survival and cardiovascular events after kidney-pancreas transplantation: comparison with kidney transplantation alone in uremic IDDM patients.
33  kyphotic angulation
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
IVC (3 times)
PKP (3 times)
CR (2 times)
2012 Outcomes of percutaneous kyphoplasty in patients with intravertebral vacuum cleft.
34  alpha-kainic acid
(3 times)
Brain
(2 times)
Glu (1 time)
1984 Fast and slow depolarizing potentials induced by short pulses of kainic acid in hippocampal neurons.
35  kainic acid-induced
(3 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
dpl (1 time)
GPx (1 time)
2010 The hippocampus of Ames dwarf mice exhibits enhanced antioxidative defenses following kainic acid-induced oxidative stress.
36  Kamebakaurin
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
NF-kappaB (2 times)
MAPK (1 time)
RIP (1 time)
2013 Inhibition of TAK1 by kamebakaurin in dendritic cells.
37  kerma-area product, P
(3 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
CBCT (1 time)
KAP-meter (1 time)
SSDL (1 time)
2009 Calibration of reference KAP-meters at SSDL and cross calibration of clinical KAP-meters.
38  keto acids/amino acids
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CRF (2 times)
Ccr (1 time)
DIA (1 time)
2001 Metabolic effects of keto acid--amino acid supplementation in patients with chronic renal insufficiency receiving a low-protein diet and recombinant human erythropoietin--a randomized controlled trial.
39  Koetjapic acid
(3 times)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
--- 2011 Antiangiogenic properties of Koetjapic acid, a natural triterpene isolated from Sandoricum koetjaoe Merr.
40  kurtosis anisotropy
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
FA (3 times)
DWI (2 times)
WM (2 times)
2015 [A correlation between diffusion kurtosis imaging and the proliferative activity of brain glioma].
41  1,2-dihydro-1-methyl-2-keto-3-quinoxaline carboxylic acid
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CMF (2 times)
DQ (2 times)
LC (2 times)
2018 Multicomponent spectrofluorimetric method for the assay of formylmethylflavin and its hydrolytic products: Kinetic applications.
42  AMPA-kainate
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
NMDA (1 time)
2000 Ganglion cell loss after optic nerve crush mediated through AMPA-kainate and NMDA receptors.
43  kainate-induced
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CCEPs (1 time)
HFS (1 time)
MECIII (1 time)
2007 Synaptic responses in superficial layers of medial entorhinal cortex from rats with kainate-induced epilepsy.
44  Kang'ai
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
2016 Injectable Chinese herbal formula Kang'ai for nonsmall cell lung cancer: Trial sequential analysis of 2,259 participants from 31 randomized controlled trials.
45  Karnataka
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
AMOVA (1 time)
AP (1 time)
2000 Genetic polymorphism of CYP2D6 in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh population in India.
46  Katahdin
(2 times)
Meat
(1 time)
SC (2 times)
ADG (1 time)
DO (1 time)
2002 Relative resistance of Dorper crossbred ewes to gastrointestinal nematode infection compared with St. Croix and Katahdin ewes in the southeastern United States.
47  Katana Avencia
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
BC (2 times)
AH (1 time)
CAD-CAM (1 time)
2018 Macro- and microtopographical examination and quantification of CAD-CAM composite resin 2- and 3-body wear.
48  Katana Avencia Block
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CAD/CAM (2 times)
CS (2 times)
LU (1 time)
2017 Influence of Thermal Cycling on Flexural Properties and Simulated Wear of Computer-aided Design/Computer-aided Manufacturing Resin Composites.
49  kauren-19-oic acid
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
EF (1 time)
MES (1 time)
MME (1 time)
2009 Kauren-19-oic acid induces DNA damage followed by apoptosis in human leukemia cells.
50  kayeassamin A
(2 times)
Pharmacognosy
(1 time)
--- 2016 Kayeassamin A Isolated from the Flower of Mammea siamensis Triggers Apoptosis by Activating Caspase-3/-8 in HL-60 Human Leukemia Cells.
51  keratometric
(2 times)
Optometry
(1 time)
EA (1 time)
MT (1 time)
NMT (1 time)
1998 [Transplant vertical tilt after perforating keratoplasty--comparison between non-mechanical trepanation with excimer laser and motor trepanation].
52  ketamine and atropine
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
KAM (1 time)
M-A (1 time)
1992 Effectiveness of preoperative sedation with rectal midazolam, ketamine, or their combination in young children.
53  keto-acidosis
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
HNC (1 time)
NKHC (1 time)
1981 C-peptide blood levels in keto-acidosis and in hyperosmolar non-ketotic diabetic coma.
54  Kimura advancement
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CSFT (1 time)
FT (1 time)
LGEA (1 time)
2013 The Foker technique (FT) and Kimura advancement (KA) for the treatment of children with long-gap esophageal atresia (LGEA): lessons learned at two European centers.
55  kinematic
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
aMA (1 time)
MA (1 time)
2017 Alignment options for total knee arthroplasty: A systematic review.
56  KLH-specific antibodies
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
Con A (1 time)
CsA (1 time)
FCM (1 time)
2017 Inhibition of Cyclosporine A or rapamycin on T lymphocyte counts and the influence on the immune responses of B lymphocytes in flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus).
57  knee arthrodesis
(2 times)
Knee
(1 time)
EPR (1 time)
FVIII (1 time)
PT (1 time)
2008 Economic evaluation of major knee surgery with recombinant activated factor VII in hemophilia patients with high titer inhibitors and advanced knee arthropathy: exploratory results via literature-based modeling.
58  knipholone anthrone
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
KP (2 times)
2009 Prooxidant action of knipholone anthrone: copper dependent reactive oxygen species generation and DNA damage.
59  knowledge access
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
ToM (2 times)
CFB (1 time)
DB (1 time)
2018 Not just a sum of its parts: How tasks of the theory of mind scale relate to executive function across time.
60  knowledge/attitude
(2 times)
Delivery of Health Care
(1 time)
KAP (2 times)
ICC (1 time)
INPAC (1 time)
2016 Quality Nutrition Care: Measuring Hospital Staff's Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices.
61  koilocytotic atypia
(2 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
HPV (2 times)
CC (1 time)
CIN (1 time)
1988 Human papillomavirus type 16 in multifocal neoplasia of the female genital tract.
62  3H-kainic acid
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
3H-AMPA (1 time)
NMDA (1 time)
1989 Dynamic changes of excitatory amino acid receptors in the rat hippocampus following transient cerebral ischemia.
63  6-keto-lithocholic acid
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
3-AB (1 time)
BP (1 time)
PMA (1 time)
1990 A comparative study on the effect of tumor promoters on poly ADP-ribosylation in A431 cells.
64  A-type K+
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
FB (1 time)
NGF (1 time)
NGF-Ab (1 time)
2018 Nerve growth factor-dependent hyperexcitability of capsaicin-sensitive bladder afferent neurones in mice with spinal cord injury.
65  AA-KAAA
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
VExh (1 time)
2017 Keto analogues and amino acids supplementation induces a decrease of white blood cell counts and a reduction of muscle damage during intense exercise under thermoneutral conditions.
66  agonists--kainic acid
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
APV (1 time)
CNQX (1 time)
DNQX (1 time)
1992 Synaptic pharmacology of the superior olivary complex studied in mouse brain slice.
67  alpha-kainate
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
gamma-D-GAMS (1 time)
SNc (1 time)
SNr (1 time)
1987 Substantia nigra and motor control in the rat: effect of intranigral alpha-kainate and gamma-D-glutamylaminomethylsulphonate on motility.
68  alpha-Kessyl alcohol
(1 time)
History of Medicine
(1 time)
JP (1 time)
KGD (1 time)
2016 Transition of Psychotropic Drugs in Japanese Pharmacopoeia (JP) (Part 18) The Study for New Knowledge and Decisions regarding Cultivation Method for Japanese Valerian (Kisso).
69  alpha-keto acid
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
aa (1 time)
1996 Is a clinical application of hybrid liver support systems limited by an initial disorder in cellular amino acid and alpha-keto acid metabolism, rather than by later gradual loss of primary hepatocyte function?
70  alpha-Ketoanalogues
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CKD (1 time)
LPD (1 time)
2017 Ketoanalogues supplementation decreases dialysis and mortality risk in patients with anemic advanced chronic kidney disease.
71  antagonists-kynurenic acid
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
5,7-DCKA (1 time)
7-CKA (1 time)
1994 Some central effects of kynurenic acid, 7-chlorokynurenic acid and 5,7- dichloro-kynurenic acid, glycine site antagonists.
72  ent-kaur-16(17)-en-19-oic acid
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
KA-Ival (1 time)
2008 Antimicrobial activity of kaurane diterpenes against oral pathogens.
73  ent-kaurenoic-rich
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CHD (1 time)
MBC (1 time)
MIC (1 time)
2017 Mikania glomerata Sprengel extract and its major compound ent-kaurenoic acid display activity against bacteria present in endodontic infections.
74  k(r) and adsorption constant
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
L-H (1 time)
2006 Photodegradation kinetics of some thiols and thiones in aqueous suspension of zinc oxide.
75  K+ channels
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
DRG (1 time)
FB (1 time)
TTX (1 time)
1996 Different types of Na+ and A-type K+ currents in dorsal root ganglion neurones innervating the rat urinary bladder.
76  K+ currents, including inactivating A-type
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
DTX (1 time)
SCs (1 time)
1998 Heteromultimeric delayed-rectifier K+ channels in schwann cells: developmental expression and role in cell proliferation.
77  K-avirulent isolate
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1984 DNA polymorphisms and subpopulations in Babesia bovis.
78  KA group
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
LEP (1 time)
SE (1 time)
2010 Neuroprotective effects of leptin following kainic acid-induced status epilepticus.
79  KA-Me
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
KA-Ival (1 time)
2008 Antimicrobial activity of kaurane diterpenes against oral pathogens.
80  KA-Na
(1 time)
Biological Products
(1 time)
--- 2011 Evaluation of ent-kaurenoic acid derivatives for their anticariogenic activity.
81  kainate, IL-2 significantly decreased I
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
IL (1 time)
VTA (1 time)
2005 Kainate-activated currents in the ventral tegmental area of neonatal rats are modulated by interleukin-2.
82  kainate-treated
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
SH (1 time)
2011 Cortical and hippocampal EEG effects of neurotransmitter agonists in spontaneously hypertensive vs. kainate-treated rats.
83  kainic acid injection
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
ANT (1 time)
DBS (1 time)
DG (1 time)
2018 Anterior nucleus of thalamus stimulation inhibited abnormal mossy fiber sprouting in kainic acid-induced epileptic rats.
84  kainic acid-induced seizures
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BrdU (1 time)
ENR (1 time)
GFP (1 time)
2008 Differential 24 h responsiveness of Prox1-expressing precursor cells in adult hippocampal neurogenesis to physical activity, environmental enrichment, and kainic acid-induced seizures.
85  kainic acid-treated animals
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CBZ (2 times)
5-HIAA (1 time)
2009 Neuro-protective effects of carbamazepine on sleep patterns and head and body shakes in kainic acid-treated rats.
86  Kainic aicd
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CRS (1 time)
NC (1 time)
2018 [Induction of Epileptic Seizures in Mouse Models of Chronic Restraint Stress].
87  Kakita anastomosis
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BAC (1 time)
CWA (1 time)
POPF (1 time)
2018 Modified Blumgart anastomosis with the "complete packing method" reduces the incidence of pancreatic fistula and complications after resection of the head of the pancreas.
88  kakkalide
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
6-OH BiA-G (1 time)
Ir (1 time)
Ir-7G (1 time)
2011 Pharmacokinetics of kakkalide and its main metabolites in rat plasma determined by HPLC-DAD and LC-MSn.
89  KALEPac group
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
LEP (1 time)
SE (1 time)
2010 Neuroprotective effects of leptin following kainic acid-induced status epilepticus.
90  Kanamycin A
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2011 Aggregation of Kanamycin A: dimer formation with physiological cations.
91  kanamycin agar
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
NA (1 time)
1986 A comparison of selective media for the isolation of anaerobic bacteria from clinical material.
92  kanamycin mono sulfate
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
BL (1 time)
NE (1 time)
PCV (1 time)
2013 Highly sensitive and selective colorimetric sensing of antibiotics in milk.
93  kanamycin-containing tryptic soy agar
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
MRO (1 time)
TMP-SMZ (1 time)
1987 Comparison of a novel trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-containing medium (XT80) with kanamycin agar for isolation of antibiotic-resistant organisms from stool and rectal cultures of marrow transplant patients.
94  Kang-ai injection
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
KPS (1 time)
MD (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
2018 Therapeutic efficacy and safety of Kang-ai injection combined with platinum-based doublet chemotherapy in advanced NSCLC: A meta-analysis.
95  kappa opioid
(1 time)
ASC (1 time)
2009 A Kappa Opioid Model of Atypical Altered Consciousness and Psychosis: U50488, DOI, AC90179 Effects on Prepulse Inhibition and Locomotion in Mice.
96  KAR-mediated EPSC
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
KARs (1 time)
2005 Recurrent mossy fibers establish aberrant kainate receptor-operated synapses on granule cells from epileptic rats.
97  Kara-koboku (Magnolia officinalis)
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
WA (1 time)
1999 Application of the elevated plus-maze test in mice for evaluation of the content of honokiol in water extracts of magnolia.
98  Karangar
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
DA (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2005 Linkage and association analyses of microsatellites and single-nucleotide polymorphisms in nuclear families.
99  Karbi-Anglong
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
KG (1 time)
RAC (1 time)
2011 Fractionation and speciation of arsenic in three tea gardens soil profiles and distribution of As in different parts of tea plant (Camellia sinensis L.).
100  Karen
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
NEA (1 time)
SEA (1 time)
ST (1 time)
2015 Admixed origin of the Kayah (Red Karen) in Northern Thailand revealed by biparental and paternal markers.