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Abbreviation: KD
Appearance Frequency: 4157 time(s)
Long forms: 199

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Kawasaki disease
(2000 times)
Pediatrics
(761 times)
IVIG (435 times)
CAL (148 times)
CAA (110 times)
1980 Bone marrow and lymph node findings in a fatal case of Kawasaki's disease.
knockdown
(650 times)
Neoplasms
(101 times)
WT (47 times)
KO (42 times)
siRNA (18 times)
1989 Response of insecticide-resistant and susceptible houseflies (Musca domestica) to a commercial granular bait formulation containing methomyl.
ketogenic diet
(574 times)
Neurology
(296 times)
AEDs (29 times)
MAD (24 times)
SD (22 times)
1997 Ketogenic diet: effects on expression of kindled seizures and behavior in adult rats.
kinase domain
(143 times)
Neoplasms
(31 times)
CML (41 times)
TKIs (16 times)
TKI (13 times)
1998 Effect of transmembrane and kinase domain mutations on fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 chimera signaling in PC12 cells. A model for the control of receptor tyrosine kinase activation.
Kimura's disease
(83 times)
Pathology
(9 times)
ALHE (7 times)
IL (4 times)
CT (3 times)
1994 Recurrent nephrotic syndrome associated with Kimura's disease in a young non-Oriental male.
kinase-dead
(67 times)
Cell Biology
(14 times)
WT (30 times)
AMPK (19 times)
AICAR (7 times)
1999 Heart 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase activation by insulin results from Ser-466 and Ser-483 phosphorylation and requires 3-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1, but not protein kinase B.
Krabbe disease
(57 times)
Neurology
(26 times)
GALC (24 times)
CV (3 times)
GD (3 times)
1982 Prenatal enzymic diagnosis in 24 pregnancies with risk of Krabbe disease .
Keshan disease
(46 times)
Environmental Health
(17 times)
Se (9 times)
KBD (4 times)
GPx-1 (3 times)
1988 Keshan disease--an endemic mitochondrial cardiomyopathy in China.
Kikuchi's disease
(42 times)
Pathology
(8 times)
SLE (8 times)
CSF (2 times)
CT (2 times)
1997 Skin involvement in Kikuchi's disease: an immunocytochemical and immunofluorescence study.
10  Kennedy's disease
(41 times)
Neurology
(23 times)
ALS (9 times)
AR (5 times)
TMS (5 times)
1995 Androgen receptor gene (CAG)n repeat analysis in the differential diagnosis between Kennedy disease and other motoneuron disorders.
11  kidney disease
(33 times)
Nephrology
(10 times)
ESRD (5 times)
CKD (3 times)
EGFR (3 times)
1978 Case report of kidney disease in a wild chinock salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, in the sea.
12  Keloid disease
(31 times)
Dermatology
(19 times)
HLA (4 times)
KF (3 times)
NS (3 times)
2002 Genetic susceptibility to keloid disease and transforming growth factor beta 2 polymorphisms.
13  Kommerell diverticulum
(18 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
CT (2 times)
LSA (2 times)
ARSA (1 time)
2007 Utility of endoscopic ultrasound in the diagnosis of aberrant right subclavian artery.
14  knocked down
(16 times)
Science
(4 times)
siRNA (2 times)
WT (2 times)
AJ (1 time)
2011 Inhibition of HIV-1 infection by TNPO3 depletion is determined by capsid and detectable after viral cDNA enters the nucleus.
15  kallidin
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
BK (14 times)
ACE (2 times)
BRs (2 times)
1982 Kininases and vascular responses to kinins.
16  Kienbock's disease
(11 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
MMWS (2 times)
CT (1 time)
DASH (1 time)
2010 [Aetiology of Kienbock's Disease].
17  knee dislocation
(11 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
BMI (3 times)
MLKI (3 times)
IKDC (2 times)
1998 Spontaneous popliteal vascular injury in the morbidly obese.
18  kinase-deficient
(9 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
WT (6 times)
ERK (2 times)
GFP (2 times)
2004 Extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1 and -2 are both essential for the shear stress-induced human osteoblast proliferation.
19  24-kilodalton
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
HLA (2 times)
BCGF (1 time)
BZDR (1 time)
1987 A T chronic lymphocytic leukemia with large granular lymphocytes. Phenotype and functions of leukemic cells under in vitro treatment by differentiation inducers.
20  K-deficient
(8 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
HK (4 times)
CCD (3 times)
PTK (3 times)
1985 Urea reabsorption along the papillary collecting duct in potassium-deficient rats.
21  kidney dysfunction
(8 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
AKI (2 times)
CKD (2 times)
ACS (1 time)
2009 Waist-to-height ratio is the best anthropometric index in association with adverse cardiorenal outcomes in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.
22  kringle domain
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
uPA (4 times)
BDB1 (1 time)
DR4 (1 time)
2001 Plasmin-dependent elimination of the growth-factor-like domain in urokinase causes its rapid cellular uptake and degradation.
23  known diabetes
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
FH (4 times)
IGT (2 times)
NDD (2 times)
1986 Microalbuminuria in elderly hyperglycaemic patients and controls.
24  keratocyte density
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
CNFD (2 times)
AST (1 time)
CCT (1 time)
2002 Confocal microscopic observations of stromal keratocytes during extended contact lens wear.
25  knee disarticulation
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
ADL (1 time)
BTFA (1 time)
PAD (1 time)
2009 Knee disarticulation: survival, wound healing and ambulation. A historic cohort study.
26  Kyrle's disease
(6 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
EPS (1 time)
FD (1 time)
PF (1 time)
1984 The perforating disorders.
27  ID1-knockdown
(5 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
CADM1 (1 time)
Cby1 (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
2014 Inhibitor of DNA-binding protein 1 knockdown arrests the growth of colorectal cancer cells and suppresses hepatic metastasis in vivo.
28  K depletion
(5 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
Ang II (2 times)
BBM (1 time)
MCH (1 time)
1985 Effects of dietary potassium depletion and mineralocorticoid excess on renal Cl-conservation in the dog.
29  knocking down
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AD-P (1 time)
aMT (1 time)
DAergic (1 time)
2011 DJ-1 can inhibit microtubule associated protein 1 B formed aggregates.
30  Kaposi's disease
(4 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
BA (1 time)
Bb (1 time)
Bh (1 time)
1999 [Infection and angiomatous cutaneous lesions].
31  kinase-defective
(4 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
EC (2 times)
FAK (2 times)
CFKI (1 time)
2001 Differential roles of Lck and Itk in T cell response to antigen recognition revealed by calcium imaging and electron microscopy.
32  King-Devick test
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
CI (2 times)
CARE (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2014 Assessment of mild traumatic brain injury with the King-Devick Test in an emergency department sample.
33  knowledge discovery
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
IE (1 time)
IR (1 time)
KR (1 time)
2007 Extending workflow management for knowledge discovery in clinico-genomic data.
34  knowledge on doping
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
KSN (3 times)
DS (1 time)
PDB (1 time)
2013 Sport nutrition and doping factors in swimming; parallel analysis among athletes and coaches.
35  Kostmann's disease
(4 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
AML (2 times)
G-CSF (2 times)
MDS (2 times)
1995 Kostmann's disease, recombinant HuG-CSF, monosomy 7 and MDS/AML.
36  Kufs disease
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CTSF (1 time)
EPC (1 time)
FP (1 time)
1998 Kufs' disease presenting as late-onset epilepsia partialis continua.
37  kernel density
(3 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
ANN (1 time)
GIS (1 time)
LISA (1 time)
2006 Comparing GIS-based methods of measuring spatial accessibility to health services.
38  ketamine-dexmedetomidine
(3 times)
Cardiac Surgical Procedures
(1 time)
KP (2 times)
CABG (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2012 Ketamine-propofol vs ketamine-dexmedetomidine combinations in pediatric patients undergoing burn dressing changes.
39  ketamine-diazepam
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
BUN (1 time)
Hct (1 time)
IM (1 time)
2009 The cardiopulmonary effects of anesthetic induction with isoflurane, ketamine-diazepam or propofol-diazepam in the hypovolemic dog.
40  ketodienes
(3 times)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
CHP (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1996 Free radical tissue damages in the anterior segment of the eye in experimental autoimmune uveitis.
41  kidney alone
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
ESRD (3 times)
KP (3 times)
T1D (2 times)
2007 Altered kidney graft high-energy phosphate metabolism in kidney-transplanted end-stage renal disease type 1 diabetic patients: a cross-sectional analysis of the effect of kidney alone and kidney-pancreas transplantation.
42  Kidney Deficiency
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
BMD (1 time)
GYB (1 time)
1993 [Effect of menopausal time on osteal density].
43  kidney donors
(3 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
AT (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
CsA (1 time)
1989 Effect of a high-protein meal on blood flow to transplanted human kidneys.
44  kinesthetic differentiation
(3 times)
Massage
(1 time)
CTS (1 time)
FPE (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
2003 Kinetic differentiation mode chromatography using 8-quinolinol and fluorimetric detection for sensitive determination of aluminum adhering to the gastric mucosa.
45  knitted Dacron
(3 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
CAE (2 times)
JV (2 times)
SV (2 times)
1993 Effect of intraperitoneal prosthetic materials on reticuloendothelial function in the rat.
46  Korean diet
(3 times)
Obesity
(2 times)
WD (2 times)
AD (1 time)
TEAC (1 time)
2012 A 12-week, randomised, controlled trial to examine the acceptability of the Korean diet and its effectiveness on weight and metabolic parameters in an Australian overweight and obese population.
47  Korsakoff's disease
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AD (2 times)
PD (2 times)
DAT (1 time)
1991 Automatic and effortful memory processes in elderly persons with organic brain pathology.
48  Kyphomelic dysplasia
(3 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
FH-UFS (1 time)
1999 Kyphomelic dysplasia: a report of a family with an autosomal dominant pattern.
49  AMPK-kinase-dead
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
APC (1 time)
PAR1 (1 time)
STZ (1 time)
2009 UCF-101 mitigates streptozotocin-induced cardiomyocyte dysfunction: role of AMPK.
50  DOCK2-knockdown
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
mTOR (1 time)
TSC (1 time)
2010 DOCK2 regulates cell proliferation through Rac and ERK activation in B cell lymphoma.
51  ent-kaurene diterpene, ent-11alpha-hydroxy-16-kauren-15-one
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
--- 2004 Kaurene diterpene induces apoptosis in human leukemia cells partly through a caspase-8-dependent pathway.
52  K(+)-deficient diet
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
GA (1 time)
GDH (1 time)
MAPK (1 time)
2009 Inhibition of angiotensin type 1 receptor impairs renal ability of K conservation in response to K restriction.
53  K(+)-depleted
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CCT1 (1 time)
Hsp90 (1 time)
LK (1 time)
2007 K+, Na+, Mg2+, Ca2+, and water contents in human skeletal muscle: correlations among these monovalent and divalent cations and their alterations in K+ -depleted subjects.
54  K+ deprivation
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
AQP2 (1 time)
HKA (1 time)
IMCD (1 time)
1999 NH4+ secretion in inner medullary collecting duct in potassium deprivation: role of colonic H+-K+-ATPase.
55  K+-depleted
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
TCTP (1 time)
1985 Carbohydrate metabolism in potassium-depleted rats.
56  Kebimin decoction
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
AR (2 times)
CG (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
2004 [Effect of kebimin decoction in treating allergic rhinitis and on blood levels of nitric oxide and superoxide dismutase].
57  Keloid disorder
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 2013 Nine-month-old patient with bilateral earlobe keloids.
58  kernel diameter
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
GPC (1 time)
HI (1 time)
KV (1 time)
2010 Mapping quantitative trait loci for quality factors in an inter-class cross of US and Chinese wheat.
59  ketogenic diet therapy
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
ES (1 time)
WS (1 time)
2009 [Re-evaluation of ketogenic diet therapy for childhood refractory epilepsy].
60  keystroke dynamics
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
iEMG (1 time)
TB (1 time)
2014 On continuous user authentication via typing behavior.
61  kidney
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
KP (2 times)
ESRD (1 time)
NO (1 time)
1975 [Renal dysplasias].
62  kiln dust
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
CLN (1 time)
DES (1 time)
IS (1 time)
1981 Effects of sodium bentonite, buffer salts, cement kiln dust and clinoptilolite on rumen characteristics of beef steers fed a high roughage diet.
63  kinase catalytic domain
(2 times)
Spectrum Analysis
(1 time)
CCTP (1 time)
CD (1 time)
eIF-2 (1 time)
2011 The yeast kinase Yck2 has a tripartite palmitoylation signal.
64  kinematics-driven
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2010 A comparative study of two trunk biomechanical models under symmetric and asymmetric loadings.
65  kinsenoside
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AIH (1 time)
DCs (1 time)
JAK (1 time)
2016 Effects of kinsenoside, a potential immunosuppressive drug for autoimmune hepatitis, on dendritic cells/CD8+ T cells communication in mice.
66  kissing loop dimer
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
2-AP (1 time)
2AP (1 time)
DIS (1 time)
2008 2-aminopurine fluorescence: discrimination between specific and unspecific ligand binding to the kissing-loop dimer of the HIV-1 RNA.
67  Kramers doublet
(2 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2018 Spin-phonon couplings in transition metal complexes with slow magnetic relaxation.
68  Krieger-Dougherty
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
BSA (1 time)
PEE (1 time)
RSS (1 time)
2013 The limitations of an exclusively colloidal view of protein solution hydrodynamics and rheology.
69  Kuijieling Decoction
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
KLD (2 times)
MC (2 times)
NC (2 times)
2007 [Effect of kuijieling decoction on gene expression of TLR2, TLR4 in colonic mucosa of UC rats].
70  Kummell disease
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
KP (1 time)
ODI (1 time)
SPET (1 time)
2011 Kummell's disease: pathophysiology, diagnosis, treatment and the role of nuclear medicine. Rationale according to our experience.
71  Syt11-knockdown
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
NEG CTR (1 time)
RESV (1 time)
Syt11 (1 time)
2017 Sirtuin 1 independent effects of resveratrol in INS-1E beta-cells.
72  ABL1-kinase domain
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CML (1 time)
LD (1 time)
NGS (1 time)
2016 Quantitative Analysis of Mutant Subclones in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia: Comparison of Different Methodological Approaches.
73  ALDH2-knockdown
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
ALDH2 (2 times)
2018 A comparison of CRISPR/Cas9 and siRNA-mediated ALDH2 gene silencing in human cell lines.
74  AMPKalpha2-kinase dead
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
EX (1 time)
SED (1 time)
2014 Differential regulation of the fiber type-specific gene expression of the sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium-ATPase isoforms induced by exercise training.
75  antecedent-Kawasaki disease
(1 time)
Diagnostic Techniques, Cardiovascular
(1 time)
LAD (1 time)
2015 Lipid-rich plaque in possible coronary sequelae of Kawasaki disease detected by optical frequency domain imaging.
76  B23-knockdown
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
PKB (1 time)
2011 Akt2 and nucleophosmin/B23 function as an oncogenic unit in human lung cancer cells.
77  CHIP-knock down cells
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CHIP (1 time)
NC (1 time)
PQC (1 time)
2015 CHIP Knockdown Reduced Heat Shock Response and Protein Quality Control Capacity in Lens Epithelial Cells.
78  cortactin-knockdown
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
ECM (1 time)
FN (1 time)
2011 Cortactin controls cell motility and lamellipodial dynamics by regulating ECM secretion.
79  Crb2-knockdown
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
bFGF (1 time)
EGF (1 time)
GSK (1 time)
2011 The apical polarity determinant Crumbs 2 is a novel regulator of ESC-derived neural progenitors.
80  Dab1-knockdown
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
Dab1 (1 time)
PCZ (1 time)
2011 The outermost region of the developing cortical plate is crucial for both the switch of the radial migration mode and the Dab1-dependent "inside-out" lamination in the neocortex.
81  DAXX-knockdown
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
ChIP (1 time)
PanNETs (1 time)
2018 Tumor suppressor functions of DAXX through histone H3.3/H3K9me3 pathway in pancreatic NETs.
82  delayed-rectifier-like K+ current
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
KA (1 time)
1999 Voltage-activated whole-cell K+ currents in lamina cells of the desert locust schistocerca gregaria
83  Des-Arg10-(Leu9)kallidin
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AII (1 time)
BK (1 time)
1995 The kinin B1 receptor antagonist des-Arg9-[Leu8]bradykinin: an antagonist of the angiotensin AT1 receptor which also binds to the AT2 receptor.
84  dialysate (K+)
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
--- 1998 Low dialysate [K+] decreases efficiency of hemodialysis and increases urea rebound.
85  dimers: kissing loop-loop
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
2AP (1 time)
2008 [Dimerization of short RNA fragments from avian leukosis virus as revealed with 2-aminopurine fluorescence].
86  domain-kinase domain
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
AKT (1 time)
PH (1 time)
2012 Disruption of PH-kinase domain interactions leads to oncogenic activation of AKT in human cancers.
87  DUSP14-knockdown
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DUSP14 (1 time)
GPx (1 time)
GR (1 time)
2018 DUSP14 knockout accelerates cardiac ischemia reperfusion (IR) injury through activating NF-kappaB and MAPKs signaling pathways modulated by ROS generation.
88  EpCAM-knockdown
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CaP (1 time)
EpCAM (1 time)
s.c (1 time)
2018 Epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) is involved in prostate cancer chemotherapy/radiotherapy response in vivo.
89  galectin-4-knockdown
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
DRMs (1 time)
2009 Galectin-4-regulated delivery of glycoproteins to the brush border membrane of enterocyte-like cells.
90  gene-knockdown
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
hGrzB (1 time)
si (1 time)
tBid (1 time)
2014 A functional genomics screen identifies PCAF and ADA3 as regulators of human granzyme B-mediated apoptosis and Bid cleavage.
91  HSD17B4-knockdown
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ACC (1 time)
2017 Overexpression of HSD17B4 exerts tumor suppressive function in adrenocortical carcinoma and is not associated with hormone excess.
92  IL-23p19-knockdown
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
SCID (1 time)
Th (1 time)
2017 Differential modulation of IL-12 family cytokines in autoimmune islet graft failure in mice.
93  K deficiency
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
TALH (1 time)
2001 Paradoxical body and kidney growth in potassium deficiency.
94  K-ROD
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
DY (1 time)
FE (1 time)
2013 Biomechanical comparison of the K-ROD and Dynesys dynamic spinal fixator systems - a finite element analysis.
95  KA significantly increased the affinity
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
CS (1 time)
GP (1 time)
1980 Increase in striatal [3H]muscimol binding following intrastriatal injection of kainic acid: a denervation supersensitivity phenomenon.
96  Kact discrepancies--lower affinities
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1983 Time-dependent decreases in binding affinity of agonists for beta-adrenergic receptors of intact S49 lymphoma cells. A mechanism of desensitization.
97  Kalazar Detect
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
HIV (1 time)
IC (1 time)
OL (1 time)
2018 Performance of two immunochromatographic tests for diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis in patients coinfected with HIV.
98  Kaneda device
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
PBZ (1 time)
1991 Biomechanical studies of the anterior spinal fixators after corpectomy in pigs.
99  Kaneda device without transverse fixator
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
EF (1 time)
HR (1 time)
KT (1 time)
1989 Biomechanical evaluation of spinal fixation devices. Part III. Stability provided by six spinal fixation devices and interbody bone graft.
100  Karapxa decoction
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
UA (1 time)
XO (1 time)
2015 Traditional Uighur Medicine Karapxa decoction, inhibits liver xanthine oxidase and reduces serum uric acid concentrations in hyperuricemic mice and scavenges free radicals in vitro.