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Abbreviation: KD
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Long forms: 218

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Kawasaki disease
(2427 times)
Pediatrics
(891 times)
IVIG (555 times)
CAL (187 times)
CAA (144 times)
1980 Bone marrow and lymph node findings in a fatal case of Kawasaki's disease.
knockdown
(839 times)
Cell Biology
(130 times)
KO (59 times)
WT (54 times)
OE (23 times)
1989 Response of insecticide-resistant and susceptible houseflies (Musca domestica) to a commercial granular bait formulation containing methomyl.
ketogenic diet
(756 times)
Neurology
(336 times)
AEDs (31 times)
MAD (30 times)
SD (26 times)
1997 Ketogenic diet: effects on expression of kindled seizures and behavior in adult rats.
kinase domain
(167 times)
Neoplasms
(38 times)
CML (45 times)
TKIs (20 times)
TKI (15 times)
1998 Effect of transmembrane and kinase domain mutations on fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 chimera signaling in PC12 cells. A model for the control of receptor tyrosine kinase activation.
Kimura's disease
(104 times)
Medicine
(12 times)
ALHE (8 times)
Ig (6 times)
IgE (5 times)
1994 Recurrent nephrotic syndrome associated with Kimura's disease in a young non-Oriental male.
kinase-dead
(71 times)
Cell Biology
(15 times)
WT (30 times)
AMPK (20 times)
AICAR (7 times)
1999 Heart 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase activation by insulin results from Ser-466 and Ser-483 phosphorylation and requires 3-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1, but not protein kinase B.
Krabbe disease
(68 times)
Neurology
(29 times)
GALC (34 times)
HSCT (6 times)
PSY (5 times)
1982 Prenatal enzymic diagnosis in 24 pregnancies with risk of Krabbe disease .
Keshan disease
(48 times)
Environmental Health
(18 times)
Se (10 times)
KBD (4 times)
GPx-1 (3 times)
1988 Keshan disease--an endemic mitochondrial cardiomyopathy in China.
Kennedy's disease
(46 times)
Neurology
(24 times)
ALS (10 times)
AR (6 times)
TMS (5 times)
1995 Androgen receptor gene (CAG)n repeat analysis in the differential diagnosis between Kennedy disease and other motoneuron disorders.
10  Kikuchi's disease
(46 times)
Pathology
(9 times)
SLE (8 times)
CSF (2 times)
CT (2 times)
1997 Skin involvement in Kikuchi's disease: an immunocytochemical and immunofluorescence study.
11  kidney disease
(41 times)
Nephrology
(10 times)
ESRD (5 times)
CI (4 times)
CKD (3 times)
1978 Case report of kidney disease in a wild chinock salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, in the sea.
12  Kommerell diverticulum
(33 times)
General Surgery
(17 times)
ARSA (3 times)
ASA (3 times)
CT (3 times)
2007 Utility of endoscopic ultrasound in the diagnosis of aberrant right subclavian artery.
13  Keloid disease
(31 times)
Dermatology
(19 times)
HLA (4 times)
KF (3 times)
NS (3 times)
2002 Genetic susceptibility to keloid disease and transforming growth factor beta 2 polymorphisms.
14  knocked down
(25 times)
Science
(4 times)
CNS (2 times)
CSCs (2 times)
IHC (2 times)
2011 Inhibition of HIV-1 infection by TNPO3 depletion is determined by capsid and detectable after viral cDNA enters the nucleus.
15  knee dislocation
(17 times)
General Surgery
(10 times)
IKDC (4 times)
MLKI (4 times)
BMI (3 times)
1998 Spontaneous popliteal vascular injury in the morbidly obese.
16  Kienbock's disease
(16 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
MMWS (3 times)
CT (2 times)
DASH (2 times)
2010 [Aetiology of Kienbock's Disease].
17  kallidin
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
BK (14 times)
ACE (2 times)
BRs (2 times)
1982 Kininases and vascular responses to kinins.
18  kidney dysfunction
(10 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
AKI (2 times)
CKD (2 times)
ACS (1 time)
2009 Waist-to-height ratio is the best anthropometric index in association with adverse cardiorenal outcomes in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.
19  kinase-deficient
(9 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
WT (6 times)
ERK (2 times)
GFP (2 times)
2004 Extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1 and -2 are both essential for the shear stress-induced human osteoblast proliferation.
20  24-kilodalton
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
HLA (2 times)
BCGF (1 time)
BZDR (1 time)
1987 A T chronic lymphocytic leukemia with large granular lymphocytes. Phenotype and functions of leukemic cells under in vitro treatment by differentiation inducers.
21  K-deficient
(8 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
HK (4 times)
CCD (3 times)
PTK (3 times)
1985 Urea reabsorption along the papillary collecting duct in potassium-deficient rats.
22  kringle domain
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
uPA (4 times)
BDB1 (1 time)
DR4 (1 time)
2001 Plasmin-dependent elimination of the growth-factor-like domain in urokinase causes its rapid cellular uptake and degradation.
23  Kyrle's disease
(8 times)
Dermatology
(5 times)
DM (1 time)
EPS (1 time)
FD (1 time)
1984 The perforating disorders.
24  knee disarticulation
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
TFA (2 times)
ADL (1 time)
BTFA (1 time)
2009 Knee disarticulation: survival, wound healing and ambulation. A historic cohort study.
25  knocking down
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AD-P (1 time)
AMT (1 time)
DAergic (1 time)
2011 DJ-1 can inhibit microtubule associated protein 1 B formed aggregates.
26  known diabetes
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
FH (4 times)
IGT (2 times)
NDD (2 times)
1986 Microalbuminuria in elderly hyperglycaemic patients and controls.
27  L1-knockdown
(7 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
CADM1 (1 time)
CASK (1 time)
CASK-KO (1 time)
2014 Inhibitor of DNA-binding protein 1 knockdown arrests the growth of colorectal cancer cells and suppresses hepatic metastasis in vivo.
28  keratocyte density
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
CNFD (2 times)
AST (1 time)
CCT (1 time)
2002 Confocal microscopic observations of stromal keratocytes during extended contact lens wear.
29  Kummell's disease
(6 times)
Orthopedic Procedures
(3 times)
ODI (3 times)
PKP (3 times)
VAS (3 times)
2011 Kummell's disease: pathophysiology, diagnosis, treatment and the role of nuclear medicine. Rationale according to our experience.
30  K depletion
(5 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
Ang II (2 times)
BBM (1 time)
MCH (1 time)
1985 Effects of dietary potassium depletion and mineralocorticoid excess on renal Cl-conservation in the dog.
31  kinase-defective
(5 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
EC (2 times)
FAK (2 times)
CFKI (1 time)
2001 Differential roles of Lck and Itk in T cell response to antigen recognition revealed by calcium imaging and electron microscopy.
32  knowledge distillation
(5 times)
Cybernetics
(2 times)
AI (1 time)
CNNs (1 time)
CTKD (1 time)
2019 Efficient Person Search via Expert-Guided Knowledge Distillation.
33  Kaposi's disease
(4 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
BA (1 time)
Bb (1 time)
Bh (1 time)
1999 [Infection and angiomatous cutaneous lesions].
34  Keloid disorder
(4 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
ESC (2 times)
RAS (2 times)
KALTs (1 time)
2013 Nine-month-old patient with bilateral earlobe keloids.
35  knowledge discovery
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
IE (1 time)
IR (1 time)
KR (1 time)
2007 Extending workflow management for knowledge discovery in clinico-genomic data.
36  knowledge on doping
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
KSN (3 times)
DS (1 time)
PDB (1 time)
2013 Sport nutrition and doping factors in swimming; parallel analysis among athletes and coaches.
37  Kostmann disease
(4 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
AML (2 times)
G-CSF (2 times)
MDS (2 times)
1995 Kostmann's disease, recombinant HuG-CSF, monosomy 7 and MDS/AML.
38  Kramers doublet
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
Co (1 time)
CoIIICo (1 time)
ZFS (1 time)
2018 Spin-phonon couplings in transition metal complexes with slow magnetic relaxation.
39  Kufs disease
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CTSF (1 time)
EPC (1 time)
FP (1 time)
1998 Kufs' disease presenting as late-onset epilepsia partialis continua.
40  Dab1-knockdown
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
Dab1 (1 time)
PCZ (1 time)
2011 The outermost region of the developing cortical plate is crucial for both the switch of the radial migration mode and the Dab1-dependent "inside-out" lamination in the neocortex.
41  kernel density
(3 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
ANN (1 time)
GIS (1 time)
LISA (1 time)
2006 Comparing GIS-based methods of measuring spatial accessibility to health services.
42  ketamine-dependent
(3 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
ACTH (1 time)
BAI (1 time)
BDI (1 time)
2018 Decreased Blood Levels of Oxytocin in Ketamine-Dependent Patients During Early Abstinence.
43  ketamine-dexmedetomidine
(3 times)
Cardiac Surgical Procedures
(1 time)
KP (2 times)
CABG (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2012 Ketamine-propofol vs ketamine-dexmedetomidine combinations in pediatric patients undergoing burn dressing changes.
44  ketamine-diazepam
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
BUN (1 time)
Hct (1 time)
IM (1 time)
2009 The cardiopulmonary effects of anesthetic induction with isoflurane, ketamine-diazepam or propofol-diazepam in the hypovolemic dog.
45  ketodienes
(3 times)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
CHP (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1996 Free radical tissue damages in the anterior segment of the eye in experimental autoimmune uveitis.
46  kidney alone
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
ESRD (3 times)
KP (3 times)
T1D (2 times)
2007 Altered kidney graft high-energy phosphate metabolism in kidney-transplanted end-stage renal disease type 1 diabetic patients: a cross-sectional analysis of the effect of kidney alone and kidney-pancreas transplantation.
47  Kidney Deficiency
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
BMD (1 time)
GYB (1 time)
1993 [Effect of menopausal time on osteal density].
48  kidney donors
(3 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
AT (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
CsA (1 time)
1989 Effect of a high-protein meal on blood flow to transplanted human kidneys.
49  kinematics-driven
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
LGPT (1 time)
MFL (1 time)
SKD (1 time)
2010 A comparative study of two trunk biomechanical models under symmetric and asymmetric loadings.
50  kinesthetic differentiation
(3 times)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
CTS (1 time)
FPE (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
2003 Kinetic differentiation mode chromatography using 8-quinolinol and fluorimetric detection for sensitive determination of aluminum adhering to the gastric mucosa.
51  knitted Dacron
(3 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
CAE (2 times)
JV (2 times)
SV (2 times)
1993 Effect of intraperitoneal prosthetic materials on reticuloendothelial function in the rat.
52  Korean diet
(3 times)
Obesity
(2 times)
WD (2 times)
AD (1 time)
TEAC (1 time)
2012 A 12-week, randomised, controlled trial to examine the acceptability of the Korean diet and its effectiveness on weight and metabolic parameters in an Australian overweight and obese population.
53  Korsakoff's disease
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AD (2 times)
PD (2 times)
DAT (1 time)
1991 Automatic and effortful memory processes in elderly persons with organic brain pathology.
54  Kyphomelic dysplasia
(3 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
FH-UFS (1 time)
1999 Kyphomelic dysplasia: a report of a family with an autosomal dominant pattern.
55  Sirt1-knockdown
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
NEG CTR (1 time)
RESV (1 time)
2017 Sirtuin 1 independent effects of resveratrol in INS-1E beta-cells.
56  AMPK-kinase-dead
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
APC (1 time)
PAR1 (1 time)
STZ (1 time)
2009 UCF-101 mitigates streptozotocin-induced cardiomyocyte dysfunction: role of AMPK.
57  ent-kaurene diterpene, ent-11alpha-hydroxy-16-kauren-15-one
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
--- 2004 Kaurene diterpene induces apoptosis in human leukemia cells partly through a caspase-8-dependent pathway.
58  Hdac5-knockdown
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ChIP (1 time)
EXOC5 (1 time)
EXOC5CTS-m (1 time)
2019 The exocyst acting through the primary cilium is necessary for renal ciliogenesis, cystogenesis, and tubulogenesis.
59  K(+)-deficient diet
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
GA (1 time)
GDH (1 time)
MAPK (1 time)
2009 Inhibition of angiotensin type 1 receptor impairs renal ability of K conservation in response to K restriction.
60  K(+)-depleted
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CCT1 (1 time)
Hsp90 (1 time)
LK (1 time)
2007 K+, Na+, Mg2+, Ca2+, and water contents in human skeletal muscle: correlations among these monovalent and divalent cations and their alterations in K+ -depleted subjects.
61  K+ deprivation
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
AQP2 (1 time)
HKA (1 time)
IMCD (1 time)
1999 NH4+ secretion in inner medullary collecting duct in potassium deprivation: role of colonic H+-K+-ATPase.
62  K+-depleted
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
TCTP (1 time)
1985 Carbohydrate metabolism in potassium-depleted rats.
63  Kebimin decoction
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
AR (2 times)
CG (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
2004 [Effect of kebimin decoction in treating allergic rhinitis and on blood levels of nitric oxide and superoxide dismutase].
64  ketogenic diet therapy
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
ES (1 time)
WS (1 time)
2009 [Re-evaluation of ketogenic diet therapy for childhood refractory epilepsy].
65  keystroke dynamics
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
iEMG (1 time)
TB (1 time)
2014 On continuous user authentication via typing behavior.
66  kidney diameter
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
GPC (1 time)
HI (1 time)
KV (1 time)
2010 Mapping quantitative trait loci for quality factors in an inter-class cross of US and Chinese wheat.
67  kidneys
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
KP (2 times)
ESRD (1 time)
NO (1 time)
1975 [Renal dysplasias].
68  kiln dust
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
CLN (1 time)
DES (1 time)
IS (1 time)
1981 Effects of sodium bentonite, buffer salts, cement kiln dust and clinoptilolite on rumen characteristics of beef steers fed a high roughage diet.
69  kinase catalytic domain
(2 times)
Spectrum Analysis
(1 time)
CCTP (1 time)
CD (1 time)
eIF2 (1 time)
2011 The yeast kinase Yck2 has a tripartite palmitoylation signal.
70  kinsenoside
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AIH (1 time)
DCs (1 time)
JAK (1 time)
2016 Effects of kinsenoside, a potential immunosuppressive drug for autoimmune hepatitis, on dendritic cells/CD8+ T cells communication in mice.
71  kissing loop dimer
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
2-AP (1 time)
2AP (1 time)
DIS (1 time)
2008 2-aminopurine fluorescence: discrimination between specific and unspecific ligand binding to the kissing-loop dimer of the HIV-1 RNA.
72  Kniest dysplasia
(2 times)
Surgery, Plastic
(1 time)
DS (1 time)
WRS (1 time)
2013 Re-alignment-procedures for skeletal dysplasia in three patients with genetically diverse syndromes.
73  Kuijieling Decoction
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
KLD (2 times)
MC (2 times)
NC (2 times)
2007 [Effect of kuijieling decoction on gene expression of TLR2, TLR4 in colonic mucosa of UC rats].
74  Nrf2-knockdown
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
bFGF (1 time)
BPA (1 time)
CHDM (1 time)
2011 The apical polarity determinant Crumbs 2 is a novel regulator of ESC-derived neural progenitors.
75  TSC2-knockdown
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
mTOR (1 time)
TSC (1 time)
2010 DOCK2 regulates cell proliferation through Rac and ERK activation in B cell lymphoma.
76  ABL1-kinase domain
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CML (1 time)
LD (1 time)
NGS (1 time)
2016 Quantitative Analysis of Mutant Subclones in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia: Comparison of Different Methodological Approaches.
77  ALDH2-knockdown
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
ALDH2 (2 times)
2018 A comparison of CRISPR/Cas9 and siRNA-mediated ALDH2 gene silencing in human cell lines.
78  AMPKalpha2-kinase dead
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
EX (1 time)
SED (1 time)
2014 Differential regulation of the fiber type-specific gene expression of the sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium-ATPase isoforms induced by exercise training.
79  antecedent-Kawasaki disease
(1 time)
Diagnostic Techniques, Cardiovascular
(1 time)
LAD (1 time)
2015 Lipid-rich plaque in possible coronary sequelae of Kawasaki disease detected by optical frequency domain imaging.
80  B23-knockdown
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
PKB (1 time)
2011 Akt2 and nucleophosmin/B23 function as an oncogenic unit in human lung cancer cells.
81  beta2-knockdown
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HT (1 time)
PLD (1 time)
2019 Suppression of phospholipase D genes improves chalky grain production by high temperature during the grain-filling stage in rice.
82  CA46-NCL-knockdown
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
ADM (1 time)
Bcl-2 (1 time)
BL (1 time)
2019 Effect of nucleolin on adriamycin resistance via the regulation of B-cell lymphoma 2 expression in Burkitt's lymphoma cells.
83  CHIP-knock down cells
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CHIP (1 time)
NC (1 time)
PQC (1 time)
2015 CHIP Knockdown Reduced Heat Shock Response and Protein Quality Control Capacity in Lens Epithelial Cells.
84  cortactin-knockdown
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
ECM (1 time)
FN (1 time)
2011 Cortactin controls cell motility and lamellipodial dynamics by regulating ECM secretion.
85  DAXX-knockdown
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
ChIP (1 time)
PanNETs (1 time)
2018 Tumor suppressor functions of DAXX through histone H3.3/H3K9me3 pathway in pancreatic NETs.
86  delayed-rectifier-like K+ current
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
KA (1 time)
1999 Voltage-activated whole-cell K+ currents in lamina cells of the desert locust schistocerca gregaria
87  Des-Arg10-(Leu9)kallidin
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AII (1 time)
BK (1 time)
1995 The kinin B1 receptor antagonist des-Arg9-[Leu8]bradykinin: an antagonist of the angiotensin AT1 receptor which also binds to the AT2 receptor.
88  dialysate (K+)
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
--- 1998 Low dialysate [K+] decreases efficiency of hemodialysis and increases urea rebound.
89  dimers: kissing loop-loop
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
2AP (1 time)
2008 [Dimerization of short RNA fragments from avian leukosis virus as revealed with 2-aminopurine fluorescence].
90  domain-kinase domain
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
AKT (1 time)
PH (1 time)
2012 Disruption of PH-kinase domain interactions leads to oncogenic activation of AKT in human cancers.
91  DUSP14-knockdown
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DUSP14 (1 time)
GPx (1 time)
GR (1 time)
2018 DUSP14 knockout accelerates cardiac ischemia reperfusion (IR) injury through activating NF-kappaB and MAPKs signaling pathways modulated by ROS generation.
92  EpCAM-knockdown
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CaP (1 time)
EpCAM (1 time)
s.c (1 time)
2018 Epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) is involved in prostate cancer chemotherapy/radiotherapy response in vivo.
93  galectin-4-knockdown
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
DRMs (1 time)
2009 Galectin-4-regulated delivery of glycoproteins to the brush border membrane of enterocyte-like cells.
94  gene-knockdown
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
hGrzB (1 time)
si (1 time)
tBid (1 time)
2014 A functional genomics screen identifies PCAF and ADA3 as regulators of human granzyme B-mediated apoptosis and Bid cleavage.
95  HSD17B4-knockdown
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ACC (1 time)
2017 Overexpression of HSD17B4 exerts tumor suppressive function in adrenocortical carcinoma and is not associated with hormone excess.
96  IL-23p19-knockdown
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
SCID (1 time)
Th (1 time)
2017 Differential modulation of IL-12 family cytokines in autoimmune islet graft failure in mice.
97  K deficiency
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
TALH (1 time)
2001 Paradoxical body and kidney growth in potassium deficiency.
98  K-ROD
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
DY (1 time)
FE (1 time)
2013 Biomechanical comparison of the K-ROD and Dynesys dynamic spinal fixator systems - a finite element analysis.
99  KA significantly increased the affinity
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
CS (1 time)
GP (1 time)
1980 Increase in striatal [3H]muscimol binding following intrastriatal injection of kainic acid: a denervation supersensitivity phenomenon.
100  Kact discrepancies--lower affinities
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1983 Time-dependent decreases in binding affinity of agonists for beta-adrenergic receptors of intact S49 lymphoma cells. A mechanism of desensitization.