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Abbreviation: KF
Appearance Frequency: 689 time(s)
Long forms: 106

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Kalman filter
(149 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(59 times)
GPS (10 times)
IMU (10 times)
INS (10 times)
1992 [Quantitative analysis of compound injection of aminopyrine by dual-wavelength linear regression spectrophotometry].
knee flexion
(70 times)
Physiology
(26 times)
KE (41 times)
EF (7 times)
PF (6 times)
1984 Muscle architecture and force-velocity relationships in humans.
Klenow fragment
(56 times)
Biochemistry
(30 times)
dNTP (5 times)
dsDNA (3 times)
Exo (3 times)
1988 Kinetic mechanism whereby DNA polymerase I (Klenow) replicates DNA with high fidelity.
Kolliker-Fuse nucleus
(50 times)
Neurology
(18 times)
PB (10 times)
NTS (6 times)
BDNF (3 times)
1979 Pentobarbitone effects on respiration related units; selective depression of bulbopontine reticular neurones.
Karl Fischer
(43 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(20 times)
NIR (7 times)
PLS (5 times)
NIST (3 times)
1996 Determination of kinetics of the karl Fischer reaction based on coulometry and true potentiometry.
keloid fibroblasts
(27 times)
Dermatology
(10 times)
NF (8 times)
KD (3 times)
NO (3 times)
1996 Increased proliferation in keloid fibroblasts wounded in vitro.
Kolliker-Fuse
(27 times)
Brain
(8 times)
FG (4 times)
BDA (3 times)
NMDA (3 times)
1981 Apneusis and apnea after parabrachial or Kolliker-Fuse N. lesion; influence of wakefulness.
Karan Fries
(23 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
PBMC (3 times)
EEM (2 times)
HF (2 times)
1995 Induction of acrosome reaction in fresh and frozen-thawed bovine spermatozoa by platelet activating factor.
Kahalalide F
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
i.v (3 times)
MTD (2 times)
ASC (1 time)
2002 Quantitative analysis of the novel depsipeptide anticancer drug Kahalalide F in human plasma by high-performance liquid chromatography under basic conditions coupled to electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry.
10  ketotifen fumarate
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
CL (2 times)
DSC (2 times)
FTIR (2 times)
1995 Inhibition of Fc gamma R- and CR-mediated human neutrophil chemiluminescent responses by anti-allergic and anti-histaminergic drugs.
11  konjac flour
(13 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
WBC (3 times)
HOMA (2 times)
SC (2 times)
2004 Evaluation of low-fat sausage containing desinewed lamb and konjac gel.
12  kidney function
(11 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
CG (2 times)
CKD (2 times)
eGFR (2 times)
1991 Assessment of renal function in type I diabetic patients after kidney, pancreas, or combined kidney-pancreas transplantation.
13  kaempferol
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
AG (2 times)
AD (1 time)
AIF (1 time)
2003 Effects of dietary flavonoids on major signal transduction pathways in human epithelial cells.
14  Ketac-Fil
(8 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
KS (3 times)
CF (2 times)
CS (2 times)
1996 [Evaluation of long-term release of fluoride by type II glass ionomer cements with a conventional hardening reaction].
15  key feature
(8 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CRP (4 times)
CIP (2 times)
SCT (2 times)
2006 Comparison between Long-Menu and Open-Ended Questions in computerized medical assessments. A randomized controlled trial.
16  kidney failure
(7 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
ABP (1 time)
AGE (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2005 Attitudes, psychology, and risk taking of potential live kidney donors: strangers, relatives, and the general public.
17  K-files
(6 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
PG (3 times)
NiTi (2 times)
PF (2 times)
2012 Postoperative pain after manual and mechanical glide path: a randomized clinical trial.
18  Kabachnik-Fields
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
AIE (4 times)
FPNs (2 times)
DP (1 time)
2016 Ultrafast Preparation of AIE-Active Fluorescent Organic Nanoparticles via a "One-Pot" Microwave-Assisted Kabachnik-Fields Reaction.
19  Karydakis flap
(6 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
PSD (3 times)
LF (2 times)
MLF (2 times)
2014 Which flap method should be preferred for the treatment of pilonidal sinus? A prospective randomized study.
20  kidney fat
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
LD (2 times)
MUFA (2 times)
PUFA (2 times)
1998 Effect of anatomical location on the composition of fatty acids in double-muscled Belgian Blue cows.
21  Klippel-Feil
(6 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AAI (1 time)
AOA (1 time)
BMP (1 time)
1992 Spinal abnormalities and the atypical form of the Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome.
22  kiwifruit
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
AAs (1 time)
AMP (1 time)
hBD (1 time)
2011 Allergenic lipid transfer proteins from plant-derived foods do not immunologically and clinically behave homogeneously: the kiwifruit LTP as a model.
23  keratin filament
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
FAs (1 time)
KFPs (1 time)
KtyII (1 time)
2006 Focal adhesions are hotspots for keratin filament precursor formation.
24  Kikuchi-Fujimoto
(4 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
ALF (1 time)
CLN (1 time)
HLH (1 time)
1996 Involvement of cell-mediated killing in apoptosis in histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis (Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease).
25  kapok fiber
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
EDS (1 time)
f-CNTs (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
2017 Natural cellulose fiber derived hollow-tubular-oriented polydopamine: In-situ formation of Ag nanoparticles for reduction of 4-nitrophenol.
26  Kenner Fecal
(3 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
AREfm (1 time)
BP agar (1 time)
MRS (1 time)
2008 Biodiversity of the microbial community in a Spanish farmhouse cheese as revealed by culture-dependent and culture-independent methods.
27  KF streptococcal
(3 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
fGTC (1 time)
GTC (1 time)
PSE (1 time)
1964 ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF ENTEROCOCCI FROM THE INTESTINAL TRACT OF THE RAT.
28  Kaempferide
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
BMMs (1 time)
CREB (1 time)
2017 Kaempferide Prevents Titanium Particle Induced Osteolysis by Suppressing JNK Activation during Osteoclast Formation.
29  Kain-Fritsch
(2 times)
WRF (1 time)
2016 A simple lightning assimilation technique for improving retrospective WRF simulations.
30  Kaplan Feinstein
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
eGFR (2 times)
HCT-CI (2 times)
HR (2 times)
2011 Comorbidity as a prognostic variable in multiple myeloma: comparative evaluation of common comorbidity scores and use of a novel MM-comorbidity score.
31  Karl-Fischer titration
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
LOD (1 time)
MLR (1 time)
MRT (1 time)
2012 Determination of moisture content of single-wall carbon nanotubes.
32  karst forest
(2 times)
Botany
(2 times)
NKF (1 time)
SSWD (1 time)
2015 Water-use advantage for lianas over trees in tropical seasonal forests.
33  Kayser-Fleischer rings
(2 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
WD (2 times)
1989 [Determination of copper in hepatic tissue for the diagnosis of Wilson's disease].
34  kefir
(2 times)
Food
(1 time)
BUN (1 time)
CK (1 time)
2018 Kefir Supplementation Modifies Gut Microbiota Composition, Reduces Physical Fatigue, and Improves Exercise Performance in Mice.
35  kefir cell-free fraction
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 2006 Study of cytokines involved in the prevention of a murine experimental breast cancer by kefir.
36  keloid-derived fibroblasts
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
IGFBP (1 time)
KK (1 time)
MIF (1 time)
2003 Role of IGF system of mitogens in the induction of fibroblast proliferation by keloid-derived keratinocytes in vitro.
37  keratin films
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
CPX (1 time)
SC (1 time)
2015 Keratin films for ocular surface reconstruction: evaluation of biocompatibility in an in-vivo model.
38  ketamine-fentanyl
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ERCP (1 time)
ESWL (1 time)
KM (1 time)
2014 Assessment of the effects of ketamine-fentanyl combination versus propofol-remifentanil combination for sedation during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography.
39  Kevlar fiber
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CLSM (1 time)
ES (1 time)
GF (1 time)
2001 Reinforcement of acrylic denture base resin by incorporation of various fibers.
40  keystone flap
(2 times)
Surgery, Plastic
(1 time)
PA (1 time)
RFFF (1 time)
SG (1 time)
2019 Keystone Flap: Overcoming Paradigms.
41  kidney fibroblast
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
IL-2 (1 time)
MLC (1 time)
PBL (1 time)
1983 Recognition of donor fibroblast antigens by lymphocytes homing in the human grafted kidney.
42  kidney forms
(2 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
BSF (2 times)
1997 Survival of Trypanosoma musculi in the kidneys of chronically infected mice: kidney form reproduction and immunological reactions.
43  Kielland's forceps
(2 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
CS (1 time)
pEMCS (1 time)
RV (1 time)
2013 A re-evaluation of the role of rotational forceps: retrospective comparison of maternal and perinatal outcomes following different methods of birth for malposition in the second stage of labour.
44  Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
--- 1997 [Kikuchi and Fujimoto disease ].
45  Kjellmaniella crassifolia
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
IL (2 times)
AP (1 time)
CPP (1 time)
2019 In vitro and in vivo immunomodulatory effects of fucoidan compound agents.
46  Klenow fragment DNA polymerase
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
miRNA (1 time)
PEG (1 time)
PEG200 (1 time)
2019 Bisubstrate Function of RNA Polymerases Triggered by Molecular Crowding Conditions.
47  knee flexion angle
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
HKA (1 time)
LE (1 time)
2001 A three-dimensional biomechanical analysis of the squat during varying stance widths.
48  Kolliker-Fuse region
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
BRN (1 time)
da (1 time)
HR (1 time)
1985 Distinguishing rat brainstem reticulospinal nuclei by their neuronal morphology. II. Pontine and mesencephalic nuclei.
49  Kuhner-Felsenstein
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
MS (1 time)
PPS (1 time)
2016 Community trees: Identifying codiversification in the Paramo dipteran community.
50  Kung Fu
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Electromiographic and kinematic characteristics of Kung Fu Yau-Man palm strike.
51  kynurenine formamidase
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
TK (1 time)
2003 Alternate activation of two divergently transcribed mouse genes from a bidirectional promoter is linked to changes in histone modification.
52  flexed knee
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
KE (1 time)
QS (1 time)
2013 Larger plantar flexion torque variability implies less stable balance in the young: an association affected by knee position.
53  K-Flex
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
BF (1 time)
FR (1 time)
NT (1 time)
1995 A comparison of maintenance of canal curvature using balanced-force instrumentation with three different file types.
54  Kaempferitrinis
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
HLMs (1 time)
2019 In vitro inhibitory effects of kaempferitrin on human liver cytochrome P450 enzymes.
55  Kaifu
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
HMs (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
RIs (1 time)
2014 Source identification and potential ecological risk assessment of heavy metals in PM2.5 from Changsha.
56  kalman filter algorithm
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
GPS (1 time)
SINS (1 time)
UUV (1 time)
2020 Adaptive H-infinite kalman filter based on multiple fading factors and its application in unmanned underwater vehicle.
57  Kang-Fung
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
KFS (1 time)
LAB (1 time)
2007 Screening and enumeration of lactic acid bacteria in milk using three different culture media in Petrifilm Aerobic Count plates and conventional pour plate methodology.
58  Karakal females
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
ABT (1 time)
CF (1 time)
KM (1 time)
2008 Nutrition consumption of female combat recruits in army basic training.
59  Karl Fischer coulometric titration
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
FMS (1 time)
HSM (1 time)
2011 Applications of Headspace Moisture Analysis for Investigating the Water Dynamics within a Sealed Vial Containing Freeze-dried Material.
60  Karl Friedrich Meyer
(1 time)
Disease
(1 time)
--- 2015 Human and animal health on three continents--a biography of the early life of Karl Friedrich Meyer (1884-1974).
61  Karnofsky Performance Status Scale
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
EQ-5D (1 time)
PHS (1 time)
VAS (1 time)
1998 Proxy-perceived prior health status and hospital outcome among the critically ill: is there any relationship?
62  Karydakis flap reconstruction
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CIs (1 time)
LF (1 time)
PSD (1 time)
2018 Karydakis flap reconstruction versus Limberg flap transposition for pilonidal sinus disease: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
63  karyotype formulae
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
FISH (1 time)
2016 rDNA mapping, heterochromatin characterization and AT/GC content of Agapanthus africanus (L.) Hoffmanns (Agapanthaceae).
64  KCOT fibroblasts
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
GF (1 time)
HIOECs (1 time)
KCOT (1 time)
2015 Fibroblasts isolated from a keratocystic odontogenic tumor promote osteoclastogenesis in vitro via interaction with epithelial cells.
65  keloid scar fibroblasts
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
CpG (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2020 Identification of Differentially Methylated CpG Sites in Fibroblasts from Keloid Scars.
66  keloid-derived primary fibroblasts
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
qPCR (1 time)
2016 Regulatory effects of electronic beam irradiation on mir-21/smad7-mediated collagen I synthesis in keloid-derived fibroblasts.
67  kenaf fibre
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
FLO (1 time)
MFR (1 time)
MH (1 time)
2016 Melt volume flow rate and melt flow rate of kenaf fibre reinforced Floreon/magnesium hydroxide biocomposites.
68  Keraflex
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Oxygen tension beneath piggyback contact lenses and clinical outcomes of users.
69  keratin intermediate filament
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ECM (1 time)
2019 Keratin intermediate filaments: intermediaries of epithelial cell migration.
70  Keratin-derived-films
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
HAM (1 time)
2013 In vitro characterization and ex vivo surgical evaluation of human hair keratin films in ocular surface reconstruction after sterilization processing.
71  keratosis follicularis
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
RP (1 time)
1995 Ocular involvement in keratosis follicularis associated with retinitis pigmentosa. Clinicopathological case report.
72  kernel fusion
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
fKPLS (1 time)
GA (1 time)
KPLS (1 time)
2018 Multilevel heterogeneous omics data integration with kernel fusion.
73  kerosene based ferrofluid
(1 time)
Physics
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
2012 Ferrohydrodynamic evaluation of rotational viscosity and relaxation in certain ferrofluids.
74  Kerr-Fourier
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 1997 Time-resolved polarization shadowgrams in turbid media.
75  Kessler Foundation
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ATLAS (1 time)
MCW (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2020 A multi-path 2.5 dimensional convolutional neural network system for segmenting stroke lesions in brain MRI images.
76  Ketac-Fil Plus Aplicap
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
BE (1 time)
HE (1 time)
IC (1 time)
2004 Determination of fluoride ions released from resin-based dental materials using ion-selective electrode and ion chromatograph.
77  ketamine-flunitrazepam
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
TZA (1 time)
2017 Development of a sedation protocol using orally administered tiletamine-zolazepam-acepromazine in free-roaming dogs.
78  ketogenic formula
(1 time)
Food
(1 time)
NR (1 time)
TB (1 time)
2018 A Ketogenic Formula Prevents Tumor Progression and Cancer Cachexia by Attenuating Systemic Inflammation in Colon 26 Tumor-Bearing Mice.
79  ketoprofen
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
RA (1 time)
TAPS (1 time)
2017 A time-adjustable pulsatile release system for ketoprofen: In vitro and in vivo investigation in a pharmacokinetic study and an IVIVC evaluation.
80  key factors
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AKFs (1 time)
KFs (1 time)
2007 Detection of key factors in the extraction and quantification of lycopene from tomato and tomato products.
81  Keystone First
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
ACP (1 time)
DTM (1 time)
PBM (1 time)
2014 Collaborative DTM reduces hospitalization and healthcare costs in patients with diabetes treated with polypharmacy.
82  KF and gamma-Al₂O₃ m
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
TEM (1 time)
2015 Sono-synthesis of biodiesel from soybean oil by KF/gamma-Al₂O₃ as a nano-solid-base catalyst.
83  KF streptococcus agar
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
BEA (1 time)
FS (1 time)
M-Ent (1 time)
1989 Evaluation of media for monitoring fecal streptococci in seawater.
84  Kharrufa
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
CAM (1 time)
ETo (1 time)
HM (1 time)
2017 Three decades of reference evapotranspiration estimates for a tropical watershed in the eastern Amazon.
85  kick frequency
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
LS (1 time)
MF (1 time)
SF (1 time)
2006 Economy and efficiency of swimming at the surface with fins of different size and stiffness.
86  Kidney fibrosis
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2015 Metabolomics-proteomics profiles delineate metabolic changes in kidney fibrosis disease.
87  kidney field
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GRP (1 time)
TRPP2 (1 time)
2018 Characterization of potential TRPP2 regulating proteins in early Xenopus embryos.
88  killing frequency
(1 time)
ADCC (1 time)
NK (1 time)
2020 Natural Killer (NK) Cell Expression of CD2 as a Predictor of Serial Antibody-Dependent Cell-Mediated Cytotoxicity (ADCC).
89  kilohertz frequency
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
EUS (1 time)
2012 High frequency sacral root nerve block allows bladder voiding.
90  kinetic-filtering
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
FBP (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
OSEM (1 time)
2015 Metabolically active tumour volume segmentation from dynamic [(18)F]FLT PET studies in non-small cell lung cancer.
91  Kirschner-wire fixation
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
EF (1 time)
KSS (1 time)
ROM (1 time)
2020 External fixation and Kirschner wires in the treatment of paediatric displaced supracondylar femur fractures.
92  Klenow fragment (exo-)
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
alphaHL (1 time)
2013 Measuring and modeling the kinetics of individual DNA-DNA polymerase complexes on a nanopore.
93  Kligman's formula
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
IGA (1 time)
MKF (1 time)
mMASI (1 time)
2020 Clinical evaluation of efficacy, safety and tolerability of cysteamine 5% cream in comparison with modified Kligman's formula in subjects with epidermal melasma: A randomized, double-blind clinical trial study.
94  Klippel Feil's
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
COA (1 time)
1991 Wildervanck or cervico-oculo-acoustic syndrome and MRI findings.
95  Klippel-Feil anomaly
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
--- 2001 Klippel-Feil anomaly with Sprengel anomaly, omovertebral bone, thumb abnormalities, and flexion-crease changes: novel association or syndrome?
96  knee flexion during landing
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
CMJ (1 time)
DJ (1 time)
LT (1 time)
2014 The effects of single versus repeated plyometrics on landing biomechanics and jumping performance in men.
97  knotted floss
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
MGI (1 time)
MPBI (1 time)
2019 Efficacy, Safety and Patient Preference of Knotted Floss Technique in Type I Gingival Embrasures.
98  Knudsen-like forces
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2003 Thermal transpiration at the microscale: a Crookes cantilever.
99  Kochiae Fructus
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2005 Momordin Ic and oleanolic acid from Kochiae Fructus reduce carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity in rats.
100  koko plus fish powder
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
WF (1 time)
WM (1 time)
1999 A randomized, community-based trial of the effects of improved, centrally processed complementary foods on growth and micronutrient status of Ghanaian infants from 6 to 12 mo of age.