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Abbreviation: KP
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Long forms: 165

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
kynurenine pathway
(177 times)
Neurology
(56 times)
QUIN (51 times)
KYNA (40 times)
Trp (35 times)
1999 Kynurenine pathway metabolism in human astrocytes.
Klebsiella pneumoniae
(121 times)
Medicine
(21 times)
ESBL (16 times)
EC (13 times)
PA (11 times)
1979 Circular dichroism and magnetic circular dichroism of nitrogenase proteins.
ketoprofen
(108 times)
Pharmacology
(43 times)
NSAIDs (13 times)
HSA (7 times)
NSAID (6 times)
1977 [Pharmacological studies of ketoprofen (19583RP) III. Anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic actions in subcutaneous administration (author's transl)].
kisspeptin
(92 times)
Endocrinology
(35 times)
GnRH (25 times)
LH (12 times)
NKB (11 times)
2004 Kisspeptin-10, a KiSS-1/metastin-derived decapeptide, is a physiological invasion inhibitor of primary human trophoblasts.
Kaiser Permanente
(86 times)
Health Services
(6 times)
HMO (4 times)
CCM (3 times)
CI (3 times)
1990 Acyclovir use and its surveillance in a general population.
kyphoplasty
(67 times)
Orthopedics
(27 times)
VP (47 times)
VAS (20 times)
VCFs (10 times)
2002 [Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty:a review].
Kasai portoenterostomy
(27 times)
Pediatrics
(16 times)
BA (21 times)
LT (3 times)
99mTc-GSA (1 time)
2003 Long-term survival following Kasai portoenterostomy: is chronic liver disease inevitable?
Keratosis pilaris
(27 times)
Dermatology
(15 times)
AD (2 times)
CML (2 times)
TKI (2 times)
1994 Natural history of keratosis pilaris.
Kaempferia parviflora
(21 times)
Complementary Therapies
(7 times)
DMF (5 times)
PMF (5 times)
TMF (5 times)
2007 Kaempferia parviflora ethanolic extract promoted nitric oxide production in human umbilical vein endothelial cells.
10  Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
(21 times)
Tropical Medicine
(5 times)
FATA (5 times)
AFP (2 times)
IDPs (2 times)
2011 Protecting the right to health of internally displaced mothers and children: the imperative of inter-cluster coordination for translating best practices into effective participatory action.
11  kidney-pancreas
(21 times)
Transplantation
(12 times)
ESRD (6 times)
KA (4 times)
KD (4 times)
1995 Lipoprotein profile after combined kidney-pancreas transplantation in insulin dependent diabetes mellitus.
12  knee pain
(21 times)
Rheumatology
(8 times)
CI (4 times)
OR (4 times)
LBP (3 times)
2004 Low prevalence of knee and back pain in southeast China; the Shantou COPCORD study.
13  keratic precipitates
(20 times)
Ophthalmology
(17 times)
FUS (2 times)
IOP (2 times)
SD-OCT (2 times)
1979 Corneal endothelial cell density in iridocyclitis.
14  Koebner phenomenon
(19 times)
Dermatology
(10 times)
OR (2 times)
VETF (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1990 Koebner's phenomenon and necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum.
15  Kasai procedure
(18 times)
Pediatrics
(11 times)
BA (16 times)
LT (8 times)
NLS (3 times)
2004 Identification of transforming growth factors actively transcribed during the progress of liver fibrosis in biliary atresia.
16  knowledge of performance
(17 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
KR (9 times)
CT (2 times)
EPG (1 time)
1979 Knowledge of performance, skill level and performance on the balance beam.
17  Korsakoff's psychosis
(12 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(4 times)
WE (4 times)
WKS (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1984 Decreased 6-hydroxymelatonin excretion in Korsakoff's psychosis.
18  Kanagawa phenomenon
(11 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
TDH (5 times)
trh (2 times)
1974 Existence of two distinct hemolysins in Vibrio parahaemolyticus.
19  key populations
(10 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(5 times)
MSM (7 times)
FSW (3 times)
PWID (3 times)
2015 A comprehensive review of available epidemiologic and HIV service data for female sex workers, men who have sex with men, and people who inject drugs in select West and Central African countries.
20  Kadomtsev-Petviashvili
(8 times)
Physics
(2 times)
DS (1 time)
KdV (1 time)
NLS (1 time)
2002 Stable two-dimensional solitary pulses in linearly coupled dissipative Kadomtsev-Petviashvili equations.
21  ketamine-propofol
(8 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
KD (3 times)
ED (2 times)
HR (2 times)
2001 Does ketamine/propofol anesthesia possess antiarrhythmogenic quality? A perioperative study in aortocoronary bypass patients.
22  Kaempferol
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
PC (2 times)
AC (1 time)
AGEs (1 time)
2009 Kaempferol and quercetin, essential ingredients in Ginkgo biloba extract, inhibit interleukin-1beta-induced MUC5AC gene expression in human airway epithelial cells.
23  keratoprosthesis
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
VA (2 times)
AM (1 time)
BM (1 time)
1983 Keratoprosthesis: a long-term review.
24  killer decapeptide
(7 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
Abs (1 time)
GFP (1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
2004 A synthetic peptide as a novel anticryptococcal agent.
25  killer peptide
(7 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
KT (3 times)
CVPs (1 time)
DC (1 time)
2003 Therapeutic activity of an engineered synthetic killer antiidiotypic antibody fragment against experimental mucosal and systemic candidiasis.
26  kaliuretic peptide
(6 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
ANP (6 times)
LANP (4 times)
Ang II (1 time)
2003 [Role of kaliuretic peptide and molar ratio of kaliuretic peptide/atrial natriuretic peptide in atrial fibrillation].
27  keratoplasty
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
CiA (1 time)
NRW (1 time)
PKP (1 time)
1996 Systemic ciclosporin A in high-risk keratoplasties.
28  Kock pouch
(6 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
IAP (3 times)
IRA (2 times)
IS (2 times)
1991 [Treatment of ulcerative colitis and familial polyposis].
29  Kungsholmen Project
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AD (2 times)
CAIDE (2 times)
SNAC-K (2 times)
2007 Cognitive deficits in preclinical Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia: patterns of findings from the Kungsholmen Project.
30  kidney-pancreas transplantation
(5 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
KA (2 times)
KD (2 times)
ATG (1 time)
2000 Patient survival and cardiovascular events after kidney-pancreas transplantation: comparison with kidney transplantation alone in uremic IDDM patients.
31  knob protein
(5 times)
Parasitology
(4 times)
HRP (1 time)
1983 Immunological cross-reactivity of the histidine-rich protein of Plasmodium lophurae and the knob protein of Plasmodium falciparum.
32  Knowledge Program
(5 times)
Multiple Sclerosis
(1 time)
MS (3 times)
PHQ-9 (2 times)
DMT (1 time)
2011 The Knowledge Program: an innovative, comprehensive electronic data capture system and warehouse.
33  kojibiose phosphorylase
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
TP (3 times)
GH65 (1 time)
LaMP (1 time)
2005 Hyper expression of kojibiose phosphorylase gene and trehalose phosphorylase gene from Thermoanaerobacter brockii ATCC35047 in Bacillus subtilis and selaginose synthesis utilizing two phosphorylases.
34  Kelfiprim
(4 times)
Urology
(3 times)
Co (2 times)
MDBT (1 time)
UTI (1 time)
1982 Kelfiprim, a new sulpha-trimethoprim combination, versus cotrimoxazole, in the treatment of urinary tract infections: a multicentre, double-blind trial.
35  knowledge and practice
(4 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
BCT (1 time)
DM (1 time)
PCV (1 time)
2009 Knowledge, use and ecology of golden thistle (Scolymus hispanicus L.) in central Spain.
36  Karnofsky performance
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
C/G (1 time)
CR (1 time)
LA (1 time)
1994 Treatment-related deaths in small cell lung cancer trials: can patients at risk be identified? Medical Research Council Lung Cancer Working Party.
37  Karnofsky performance status
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
NSCLC (1 time)
QOL (1 time)
1991 Ifosfamide and mitomycin in combination for the treatment of patients with progressive advanced non-small cell lung cancer.
38  Kawashima procedure
(3 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
AV (1 time)
FP (1 time)
HVR (1 time)
2009 Can the Kawashima procedure be performed in younger patients?
39  Kelvin-probe
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
bisPAs (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CV (1 time)
2011 Ionization energy and energy gap structure of MoSI molecular wires: Kelvin probe, ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy, and cyclic voltammetry measurements.
40  key pinch
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ADM (1 time)
APB (1 time)
BRA (1 time)
2008 Grip and pinch strength in healthy subjects and patients with primary osteoarthritis of the hand: a reproducibility study.
41  Kleinert's variational perturbation
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
AIF-PI (2 times)
INM (1 time)
PIMD (1 time)
2007 An automated integration-free path-integral method based on Kleinert's variational perturbation theory.
42  knee prostheses
(3 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
BS (2 times)
FIAI (2 times)
IL (2 times)
1999 [Transfusion and pre-deposit autotransfusion in orthopedic and traumatologic surgery].
43  knowledge-practice
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
ART (1 time)
FGD (1 time)
2014 Are parents' knowledge and practice regarding immunization related to pediatrics' immunization compliance? a mixed method study.
44  Kronig-Penney
(3 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
BEC (1 time)
CQ (1 time)
VA (1 time)
2005 Finite-band solitons in the Kronig-Penney model with the cubic-quintic nonlinearity.
45  KwikPen
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
NGFP (2 times)
SS (2 times)
FP (1 time)
2009 Evaluation of injection force of three insulin delivery pens.
46  K+-dependent phosphatase
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
AP (2 times)
SDH (2 times)
1985 Cytotoxicity related changes in biochemical cell function following in vitro cadmium treatment.
47  K. pneumoniae
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
AB (1 time)
ATBs (1 time)
CFR (1 time)
2012 Multidrug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae acquisition in lung transplant recipients.
48  Kaiser Permanente Southern California
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CRC (1 time)
2004 The incidence of colorectal cancer following a negative screening sigmoidoscopy: implications for screening interval.
49  karyophilic peptide
(2 times)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
FP (1 time)
NT (1 time)
OPCs (1 time)
2006 Biophysical characteristics of neurotensin polyplex for in vitro and in vivo gene transfection.
50  kimchi powder
(2 times)
Meat Products
(1 time)
IP (1 time)
SM (1 time)
2014 Effects of kimchi and smoking on quality characteristics and shelf life of cooked sausages prepared with irradiated pork.
51  Kinases and phosphatases
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
KP-Net (1 time)
VS (1 time)
2007 A new principle for information storage in an enzymatic pathway model.
52  knipholone
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
KA (2 times)
2009 Prooxidant action of knipholone anthrone: copper dependent reactive oxygen species generation and DNA damage.
53  Korean Peninsula
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
EASM (1 time)
EC (1 time)
2011 Time-resolved measurements of PM2.5 carbonaceous aerosols at Gosan, Korea.
54  kraft pulping
(2 times)
Technology
(1 time)
AG (1 time)
DHQ (1 time)
HBSP (1 time)
2014 Ultrasound-assisted extraction of arabinogalactan and dihydroquercetin simultaneously from Larix gmelinii as a pretreatment for pulping and papermaking.
55  Kronecker product
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
--- 2005 The spatiotemporal MEG covariance matrix modeled as a sum of Kronecker products.
56  LsL-Kras G12D ;Pdx1-Cre
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
KPC (1 time)
KPS (1 time)
NPY (1 time)
2018 Genetic and pharmacologic abrogation of Snail1 inhibits acinar-to-ductal metaplasia in precursor lesions of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and pancreatic injury.
57  11-ketoprogesterone
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CHAPS (1 time)
HOP (1 time)
TAT (1 time)
1997 Features of the shuttle pair 11 beta-hydroxyprogesterone-11-ketoprogesterone.
58  K+ propionate
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
NaP (1 time)
1995 Regulation of Na+/H+ exchange in rat adipocytes; effects of insulin.
59  K. pneumoniae oxyR
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
RND (1 time)
2013 Role of oxyRKP, a novel LysR-family transcriptional regulator, in antimicrobial resistance and virulence in Klebsiella pneumoniae.
60  K. pneumoniae; however, chromosomal gla
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Characterization of Gla(KP), a UDP-galacturonic acid C4-epimerase from Klebsiella pneumoniae with extended substrate specificity.
61  Kabpi
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
MIC (1 time)
2014 Antimicrobial activity of extracts from a Thai traditional remedy called Kabpi for oral and throat infection and its plant components.
62  Kaempferia parviflora extract
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
BAT (1 time)
EE (1 time)
2015 Kaempferia parviflora extract increases whole-body energy expenditure in humans: roles of brown adipose tissue.
63  Kaempferia parviflora WALL. ex BAKER
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
C/EBP (1 time)
PMFs (1 time)
PPARgamma (1 time)
2012 Polymethoxyflavonoids from Kaempferia parviflora induce adipogenesis on 3T3-L1 preadipocytes by regulating transcription factors at an early stage of differentiation.
64  Kaempferol-3-O-sophoroside
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
HMGB1 (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
RAGE (1 time)
2012 Inhibitory effects of kaempferol-3-O-sophoroside on HMGB1-mediated proinflammatory responses.
65  kahweol palmitate
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
HMVECs (1 time)
2016 Anti-Angiogenic Properties of Cafestol and Kahweol Palmitate Diterpene Esters.
66  Kaiser Permanente integrated delivery system
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
DHS (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
2008 A retrospective analysis of health systems in Denmark and Kaiser Permanente.
67  Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program
(1 time)
--- 1996 Managed genetic care in a large HMO.
68  Kaiser Permanente Plan-Northern California Region
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
Rh (1 time)
SSD (1 time)
2005 Maternal-fetal blood incompatibility and the risk of schizophrenia in offspring.
69  Kalopanax pictus
(1 time)
Immunity
(1 time)
iNOS (1 time)
JNK (1 time)
2010 The Stem Bark of Kalopanax pictus Exhibits Anti-inflammatory Effect through Heme Oxygenase-1 Induction and NF-kappaB Suppression.
70  Kanchanaburi Province
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
2018 Blastocystis infection and subtype distribution in humans, cattle, goats, and pigs in central and western Thailand.
71  Kang and Phan
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
ANN (1 time)
HU (1 time)
LB (1 time)
2017 Stability of annual biomass energy production of elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schum.) genotypes in the Northern region of the Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil.
72  kangaroo process
(1 time)
Physics
(1 time)
--- 2001 Stochastic processes with finite correlation time: modeling and application to the generalized Langevin equation.
73  Kaplan-Meier
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
EP (1 time)
2003 Comparison of tree-based methods for prognostic stratification of survival data.
74  Karlsson and Peterson
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AOFAS (1 time)
VAS (1 time)
2010 Effect of ankle arthritis on clinical outcome of lateral ankle ligament reconstruction in cavovarus feet.
75  Karydakis procedure
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2018 Karydakis procedure can be effectively performed in the lateral position.
76  karyoplasts
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
PHA-P (1 time)
PN-E (1 time)
1992 Development of reconstituted mouse embryos produced from bisected and electrofused pronuclear-stage embryos.
77  Kasai hepatoportoenterostomy
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
BA (1 time)
BC (1 time)
ISCC (1 time)
2018 Province-wide Biliary Atresia Home Screening Program in British Columbia: Evaluation of First 2 Years.
78  Kasai's PE
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BA (1 time)
EP (1 time)
JFR (1 time)
2014 Experience of treating biliary atresia with three types of portoenterostomy at a single institution: extended, modified Kasai, and laparoscopic modified Kasai.
79  Kazinol-P
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
B. kazinoki (1 time)
2015 Kazinol-P from Broussonetia kazinoki enhances skeletal muscle differentiation via p38MAPK and MyoD.
80  KD group
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
KD (1 time)
NO (1 time)
2005 Natural history of kidney graft survival, hypertrophy, and vascular function in end-stage renal disease type 1 diabetic kidney-transplanted patients: beneficial impact of pancreas and successful islet cotransplantation.
81  kDa polypeptide
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1984 The biosynthesis of the knob protein and a 65 000 dalton histidine-rich polypeptide of Plasmodium falciparum.
82  Keiser Pneumatic
(1 time)
Physical Fitness
(1 time)
PLY (1 time)
TT (1 time)
2012 Comparison of three baseball-specific 6-week training programs on throwing velocity in high school baseball players.
83  Keller Plan
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
CG (1 time)
CRM (1 time)
2000 Feasibility analysis of a personalized training plan for learning research methodology.
84  Kelvin-Zisman vibrating capacitor probe
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AFM (1 time)
ATR/MIR (1 time)
FTIRS (1 time)
2007 New hybrid films based on cellulose and hydroxygallium phthalocyanine. Synergetic effects in the structure and properties.
85  Kensington Pride
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
ANR (1 time)
CHS (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
2015 Sequence diversity and differential expression of major phenylpropanoid-flavonoid biosynthetic genes among three mango varieties.
86  keratin peptide
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
OF (1 time)
WF (1 time)
2012 Keratin-based peptide: biological evaluation and strengthening properties on relaxed hair.
87  keratitis patient
(1 time)
Parasitic Diseases
(1 time)
AK (1 time)
GAE (1 time)
HS (1 time)
2013 Pathogenic assays of acanthamoeba belonging to the t4 genotype.
88  keratotic papule
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
KA (1 time)
2014 Histopathology of Keratoacanthoma Revisited: Utility of Orificial Size as a Diagnostic Adjunct.
89  keraunoparalysis
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ANS (1 time)
CRPS (1 time)
L/ET (1 time)
2005 Autonomic nervous system dysfunction in lightning and electrical injuries.
90  Kerboull plate
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
DM (1 time)
SC (1 time)
THA (1 time)
2018 Revision total hip arthroplasty with a Kerboull plate: comparative outcomes using standard versus dual mobility cups.
91  Kerinokeratosis papulosa
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
HPV (1 time)
2015 Kerinokeratosis Papulosa of Childhood.
92  kernel perceptron
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
FKP (1 time)
FP (1 time)
2002 Fuzzy kernel perceptron.
93  kernel processing
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
ADF (1 time)
DM (1 time)
DMI (1 time)
2005 Effect of length of cut and kernel processing on use of corn silage by lactating dairy cows.
94  kernel propagation
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
PCP (1 time)
SDP (1 time)
SS-KML (1 time)
2010 Semisupervised kernel matrix learning by kernel propagation.
95  kernel-product density
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
BLR (1 time)
DA (1 time)
NCRA (1 time)
2010 Different models for predicting driving performance in people with brain disorders.
96  ketamine and propofol
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
OR (1 time)
PSA (1 time)
2018 Factors associated with patient-reported procedural memory following emergency department procedural sedation with ketamine and propofol: A prospective cohort of 563 patients.
97  ketopantoate
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
KPR (1 time)
2015 Evidence of Kinetic Cooperativity in Dimeric Ketopantoate Reductase from Staphylococcus aureus.
98  ketosis prone
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
IRDY (1 time)
KR (1 time)
1994 Ketosis resistant diabetes of the young: a profile of its exocrine and endocrine pancreatic dysfunction.
99  key principles
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
LA (1 time)
2010 Health technology assessment for resource allocation decisions: are key principles relevant for Latin America?
100  Keyes punch biopsy instrument
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
2017 Comparison of Keyes Punch Biopsy Instrument with Cervical Punch Biopsy Forceps for Diagnosing Cervical Lesions.