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Abbreviation: KR
Appearance Frequency: 553 time(s)
Long forms: 125

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
knowledge of results
(153 times)
Physiology
(41 times)
KP (8 times)
ERD (4 times)
SPN (4 times)
1969 Knowledge of results and intertrial correlations in a simple motor task.
ketoreductase
(76 times)
Biochemistry
(39 times)
PKS (28 times)
DH (21 times)
PKSs (21 times)
1996 A functional chimeric modular polyketide synthase generated via domain replacement.
knee replacement
(37 times)
Rheumatology
(21 times)
OA (16 times)
OAI (8 times)
BMI (7 times)
1995 Expected hospital costs of knee replacement for rural residents by location of service.
kinetic resolution
(24 times)
Chemistry
(21 times)
DKR (9 times)
ee (2 times)
MKE (2 times)
2005 Unprecedented, fully recyclable, solid-supported reagent for the kinetic resolution of racemic amines through enantioselective N-acetylation.
knotted reactor
(18 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(12 times)
FI (5 times)
RSD (5 times)
FAAS (4 times)
1998 Determination of (ultra)trace amounts of arsenic(III) and arsenic(V) in water by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry coupled with flow injection on-line sorption preconcentration and separation in a knotted reactor.
Krebs-Ringer
(17 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
LVP (5 times)
CP (4 times)
MIRI (2 times)
1986 Cardiac cell action potential duration is dependent upon induced changes in free Ca2+ activity during pH changes in vitro.
KillerRed
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ROS (5 times)
AMD (1 time)
AQPs (1 time)
2010 A high-throughput biophotonics instrument to screen for novel ocular photosensitizing therapeutic agents.
karyorrhexis
(11 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
BE (10 times)
KL (10 times)
MN (10 times)
2002 Micronucleus investigation of alcoholic patients with oral carcinomas.
beta-ketoacyl reductase
(10 times)
Biology
(2 times)
FAS (5 times)
ER (4 times)
DH (3 times)
1996 Organization of the biosynthetic gene cluster for rapamycin in Streptomyces hygroscopicus: analysis of the enzymatic domains in the modular polyketide synthase.
10  knowledge representation
(8 times)
Medical Informatics
(5 times)
AI (1 time)
CDE (1 time)
CPGs (1 time)
1994 Comparison of three Knowledge Representation formalisms for encoding the NCEP Cholesterol Guidelines.
11  Kleiber ratio
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
RGR (5 times)
RFI (4 times)
ADG (3 times)
2003 [Effects of individual gene heterozygosity on growth traits in swine].
12  Korea
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
bPPD (1 time)
BR (1 time)
2001 Evidence of two distinct subsubtypes within the HIV-1 subtype A radiation.
13  Krebs-Ringer solution
(6 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
5-HT (2 times)
CHCS (2 times)
SNP (2 times)
1989 Dependency of histamine induced phasic and tonic contractions on intracellular and extracellular calcium in guinea pig tracheal smooth muscle.
14  ketone Ringer's
(5 times)
Traumatology
(3 times)
L-LR (5 times)
PR (3 times)
HTS (2 times)
2004 D-lactate increases pulmonary apoptosis by restricting phosphorylation of bad and eNOS in a rat model of hemorrhagic shock.
15  Khmer Rouge
(5 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
ICG-R (1 time)
PG (1 time)
PGD (1 time)
2006 Do marriages forget their past? Marital stability in post-Khmer Rouge Cambodia.
16  kinetin riboside
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ABA (1 time)
AML (1 time)
CKs (1 time)
2008 Kinetin riboside preferentially induces apoptosis by modulating Bcl-2 family proteins and caspase-3 in cancer cells.
17  kidney recipients
(4 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
BMD (1 time)
CMV (1 time)
DIC (1 time)
2008 Is combined pretransplantation seropositivity of kidney transplant recipients for cytomegalovirus antigens (pp150 and pp28) a predictor for protection against infection?
18  kitchen refuse
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
ADM1 (2 times)
BW (2 times)
BWAD (2 times)
2006 Implementation of the IWA anaerobic digestion model No.1 (ADM1) for simulating digestion of blackwater from vacuum toilets.
19  c-kit receptor
(3 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
ALL (1 time)
AML (1 time)
BFU-E (1 time)
1991 Isolation of c-kit receptor-expressing cells from bone marrow, peripheral blood, and fetal liver: functional properties and composite antigenic profile.
20  kaempferol 3- O-alpha- L-rhamnopyranoside
(3 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
CE (1 time)
cGMP (1 time)
2004 Determination of six major flavonoid glycosides in Saussurea mongolica by capillary electrophoresis.
21  kainate receptors
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
--- 2001 Kainate receptors in primary afferents to the rat gracile nucleus.
22  Kalahari Red
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
WAD (2 times)
CD (1 time)
FCR (1 time)
2015 Mitochondrial DNA sequence analyses and phylogenetic relationships among two Nigerian goat breeds and the South African Kalahari Red.
23  Kelley's ratio
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
PI (3 times)
SAR (3 times)
EC (2 times)
2018 Assessment of groundwater quality by water quality indices for irrigation and drinking in South West Delhi, India.
24  Kenward-Roger
(3 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
LMM (3 times)
2012 Using the linear mixed model to analyze nonnormal data distributions in longitudinal designs.
25  ketoacyl reductase
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AT (3 times)
DH (3 times)
ER (3 times)
2004 Expression and functional characterization of a giant Type I fatty acid synthase (CpFAS1) gene from Cryptosporidium parvum.
26  Khatri-Rao
(3 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
DOA (2 times)
MMV (1 time)
SMV (1 time)
2016 The Real-Valued Sparse Direction of Arrival (DOA) Estimation Based on the Khatri-Rao Product.
27  Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
WS (2 times)
2000 [An etiological and pathologic study of Rhinoscleroma].
28  Krebs-Ringer buffer
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
CIM (1 time)
1995 Effects of dextran on hippocampal brain slice water, extracellular space, calcium kinetics and histology.
29  Kuder-Richardson
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
ECE (1 time)
FRA (1 time)
HHA (1 time)
2006 Utilization of a screening tool to identify homebound older adults at risk for falls: validity and reliability.
30  beta-ketoreductases
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
hFAS (1 time)
KS (1 time)
MeT (1 time)
2001 Design and utility of oligonucleotide gene probes for fungal polyketide synthases.
31  c-kit ligand receptor
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
BFU-MK (1 time)
CFU (1 time)
GM-CSF (1 time)
1992 Further phenotypic characterization and isolation of human hematopoietic progenitor cells using a monoclonal antibody to the c-kit receptor.
32  kaempferol-3-O-rutinoside
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2011 A-glucosidase inhibitory activity of kaempferol-3-O-rutinoside.
33  Karnofsky rating
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1981 Reoperation for glioblastoma.
34  keratometry
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
AL (1 time)
AR (1 time)
2015 Correlation between ocular biometry and amplitude of accommodation in early presbyopia.
35  Kermes red
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
MO (2 times)
Heta (1 time)
MB (1 time)
2015 A perfectly aligned 63 helical tubular cuprous bromide single crystal for selective photo-catalysis, luminescence and sensing of nitro-explosives.
36  kernel regression
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
DME (1 time)
GTDP (1 time)
TGP (1 time)
2014 Covariate shift adaptation for discriminative 3D pose estimation.
37  ketimine reductase
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AAS (1 time)
CRYM (1 time)
P2C (1 time)
2013 Lysine metabolism in mammalian brain: an update on the importance of recent discoveries.
38  ketogenic ratio
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
Cr (1 time)
KD (1 time)
TKR (1 time)
2009 A model for determining total ketogenic ratio (TKR) for evaluating the ketogenic property of a weight-reduction diet.
39  kidding rate
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
FGA (1 time)
WR (1 time)
2008 High fertility using artificial insemination during deep anoestrus after induction and synchronisation of ovulatory activity by the "male effect" in lactating goats subjected to treatment with artificial long days and progestagens.
40  killing rate
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
DMARDs (1 time)
GI (1 time)
MED (1 time)
1991 Single daily dosing of antibiotics: importance of in vitro killing rate, serum half-life, and protein binding.
41  kiss-and-run
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
4-AP (1 time)
FF (1 time)
2006 Src family tyrosine kinases differentially modulate exocytosis from rat brain nerve terminals.
42  kleiber ratio at weaning
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
ADG (2 times)
BW (2 times)
WW (2 times)
2012 Estimating non-genetic and genetic parameters of pre-weaning growth traits in Raini Cashmere goat.
43  Kraynik-Reinelt
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
PBCs (1 time)
PEF (1 time)
2007 Boundary condition independence of molecular dynamics simulations of planar elongational flow.
44  kringle
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
epsilon-ACA (1 time)
Fz (1 time)
FZD1 (1 time)
2005 Identification and characterization of rat Ror1 and Ror2 genes in silico.
45  3-ketoacyl-(acyl-carrier-protein) reductase
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Identification, cloning, and characterization of a novel ketoreductase from the cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. strain PCC 7942.
46  beta-ketoacyl:acyl carrier protein reductase
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ACP (1 time)
AHBA (1 time)
AT (1 time)
1998 Characterization of the enzymatic domains in the modular polyketide synthase involved in rifamycin B biosynthesis by Amycolatopsis mediterranei.
47  double-kinetic resolution
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2015 The Use of (-)-Sparteine/Organolithium Reagents for the Enantioselective Lithiation of 7,8-Dipropyltetrathia[7]helicene: Single and Double Kinetic Resolution Procedures.
48  K-replete
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
MAP (1 time)
RVH (1 time)
1985 Effect of potassium depletion on two-kidney, one-clip renovascular hypertension in the rat.
49  k-value from refractive data
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
KS (1 time)
2006 [Intraocular lens power calculation in cataract phacoemulsification after refractive surgery].
50  K. rugosa
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2013 In vivo growth inhibition of sarcoma 180 by Kielmeyera rugosa Choisy (Calophyllaceae).
51  kaempferol
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CamA (1 time)
CamB (1 time)
Cel (1 time)
2010 Isolation and characterization of nicotiflorin obtained by enzymatic hydrolysis of two precursors in tea seed extract.
52  kaempferol 7-O-rhamnoside
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BLI (1 time)
KO (1 time)
NFAT (1 time)
2020 Kaempferol and Its Glycoside, Kaempferol 7-O-Rhamnoside, Inhibit PD-1/PD-L1 Interaction In Vitro.
53  kaempferol rutinoside
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
CGA (1 time)
2012 Organ-specific responses of tomato growth and phenolic metabolism to nitrate limitation.
54  Kamal-Ranjit
(1 time)
RTE (1 time)
2017 Detection of food-borne bacteria in ready to eat betel leaf sold at local markets in Mymensingh.
55  Kampar
(1 time)
COX (1 time)
KS (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2019 Genetic variation and phylogenetic analysis of Indonesian indigenous catfish based on mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit III gene.
56  kanamycin-resistant transformant of N. tabacum
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
SA (1 time)
1990 Production of a triple mutant, chlorophyll-deficient, streptomycin-, and kanamycin-resistant Nicotiana tabacum, and its use in intergeneric somatic hybrid formation with Solanum melongena.
57  Kangjia Recipe
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
PTU (1 time)
TG (1 time)
2006 [Effect of combined therapy of modified kangjia recipe combined with western medicine on hyperthyroidism].
58  Kansui radix
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2016 Colon-derived uremic biomarkers induced by the acute toxicity of Kansui radix: A metabolomics study of rat plasma and intestinal contents by UPLC-QTOF-MS(E).
59  Karahanasou
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
PCP-Seq (1 time)
RNA-Seq (1 time)
SNP (1 time)
2015 The Draft Genome of Hop (Humulus lupulus), an Essence for Brewing.
60  Karayaka
(1 time)
KV (1 time)
LD (1 time)
MAM (1 time)
2019 Meat production characteristics of Turkish native breeds: II. meat quality, fatty acid, and cholesterol profile of lambs.
61  Karkheh Reservoir
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
POD (1 time)
RMBF (1 time)
ThS (1 time)
2019 ThSSim: A novel tool for simulation of reservoir thermal stratification.
62  Karnaphuli River
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
Cr (1 time)
Ni (1 time)
2016 Heavy metal accumulation during the last 30years in the Karnaphuli River estuary, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
63  Karuma
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
AAT (1 time)
HAT (1 time)
KT (1 time)
2016 Evidence of temporal stability in allelic and mitochondrial haplotype diversity in populations of Glossina fuscipes fuscipes (Diptera: Glossinidae) in northern Uganda.
64  karyoplasmic ratio
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2016 Perturbation of nucleo-cytoplasmic transport affects size of nucleus and nucleolus in human cells.
65  Karyorelict
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 1991 Evolution of amitosis of the ciliate macronucleus: gain of the capacity to divide.
66  karyotypic responses
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
CML (1 time)
IFN (1 time)
1992 A prospective comparison of alpha-IFN and conventional chemotherapy in Ph+ chronic myeloid leukemia. Clinical and cytogenetic results at 2 years in 322 patients. The Italian Cooperative Study Group on Chronic Myeloid Leukemia.
67  Kashkan River
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CCME WQI (1 time)
2014 Application of multivariate statistical methods and water-quality index to evaluation of water quality in the Kashkan River.
68  Kelly Ratio
(1 time)
MH (1 time)
PI (1 time)
RSC (1 time)
2020 Dataset on the suitability of groundwater for drinking and irrigation purposes in the Sarabanga River region, Tamil Nadu, India.
69  Kenward-Roger procedure
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Should we rely on the Kenward-Roger approximation when using linear mixed models if the groups have different distributions?
70  kerateine
(1 time)
Biomimetics
(1 time)
KO (1 time)
PU (1 time)
2018 Comparative study of kerateine and keratose based composite nanofibers for biomedical applications.
71  KERMA rate
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
HSG (1 time)
SID (1 time)
2012 Hysterosalpingography using a flat panel unit: evaluation and optimization of ovarian radiation dose.
72  kernel recovery
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
GWAS (1 time)
KW (1 time)
NW (1 time)
2020 Genome-wide association studies for yield component traits in a macadamia breeding population.
73  ketamine-remifentanil
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
EOM (1 time)
HR (1 time)
KD (1 time)
2009 Effect of different anesthetic agents on oculocardiac reflex in pediatric strabismus surgery.
74  Ketaset-Rompun
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
US (1 time)
2004 Ketaset-Rompun extends the effective interstimulus interval in long-trace taste-aversion conditioning in rats.
75  ketoreductase domains
(1 time)
ACP (1 time)
CMeT (1 time)
DMBS (1 time)
2019 Molecular basis of methylation and chain-length programming in a fungal iterative highly reducing polyketide synthase.
76  ketosis resistant
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
IRDY (1 time)
KP (1 time)
1994 Ketosis resistant diabetes of the young: a profile of its exocrine and endocrine pancreatic dysfunction.
77  Keyword Retrieval
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
KWIC (1 time)
2019 Validation of text-mining and content analysis techniques using data collected from veterinary practice management software systems in the UK.
78  kick rate
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2010 Oxygen uptake response to stroke rate manipulation in freestyle swimming.
79  kidney rejection
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
CS (1 time)
SKP (1 time)
1996 Study of kidney rejection following simultaneous kidney-pancreas transplantation.
80  kidney transplant recipients
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CsA (1 time)
KD (1 time)
uFlow (1 time)
1995 ET-1 excretion is urine flow-dependent in kidney donors and transplant recipients.
81  Kilham rat virus
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
BPV (1 time)
CPV (1 time)
FPV (1 time)
1986 Antigenic relationships among autonomous parvoviruses.
82  killer-resistant
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
KS (1 time)
2001 Killer behaviour in wild wine yeasts associated with Merlot and Malbec type musts spontaneously fermented from northwestern Patagonia (Argentina).
83  kin recognition
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
RSA (1 time)
2016 Kin recognition is a nutrient-dependent inducible phenomenon.
84  kindling rate
(1 time)
KI (1 time)
LS (1 time)
2018 A new parameter describing fertility in rabbits at the farm level: the kit index.
85  kinetosome-resorbing
(1 time)
--- 2009 The Stunning, Glass-Covered Resting Cyst of Maryna umbrellata (Ciliophora, Colpodea).
86  kinin receptor
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
AIB (1 time)
2020 Activity of native tick kinins and peptidomimetics on the cognate target G protein-coupled receptor from the cattle fever tick, Rhipicephalus microplus (Acari: Ixodidae).
87  kink region and the (YWF)
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
AAC (1 time)
MCF (1 time)
MD (1 time)
2019 Molecular dynamics simulations on apo ADP/ATP carrier shed new lights on the featured motif of the mitochondrial carriers.
88  kinked reaming
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
SR (1 time)
2019 Anchoring of a Kinked Uncemented Femoral Stem after Preparation with a Straight or a Kinked Reamer.
89  Kinloch Rannoch
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
FM (1 time)
KP (1 time)
2001 Why plants grow poorly on very acid soils: are ecologists missing the obvious?
90  Kinome Render
(1 time)
--- 2013 Kinome Render: a stand-alone and web-accessible tool to annotate the human protein kinome tree.
91  Kirby repository
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
CNs (1 time)
DTI (1 time)
FA (1 time)
2017 Comparison of probabilistic and deterministic fiber tracking of cranial nerves.
92  kistrin
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
FL (1 time)
JT (1 time)
2007 Effect of RGD-disintegrins on melanoma cell growth and metastasis: involvement of the actin cytoskeleton, FAK and c-Fos.
93  Knarrhult Flexible Round-Bale Feeder
(1 time)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
DM (1 time)
RD (1 time)
TR (1 time)
2019 The effect of round-bale feeder design and roughage type on feed wastage in sheep feeding.
94  Knee recurvatum
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 2014 Does the rectus femoris nerve block improve knee recurvatum in adult stroke patients? A kinematic and electromyographic study.
95  knee replacement surgery
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
KOA (1 time)
PPTs (1 time)
WOMAC (1 time)
2019 Pre-operative pressure pain thresholds do not meaningfully explain satisfaction or improvement in pain after knee replacement: a cohort study.
96  knee rotation
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
CT (1 time)
ER (1 time)
2017 Correlation of the torsion values measured by rotational profile, kinematics, and CT study in CP patients.
97  knotted PTFE reactor
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2000 Flow injection spectrofluorimetric determination of reserpine in tablets by on-line acetone sensitized photochemical reaction.
98  Kochia scoparia and Rosa multiflora
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
IL (1 time)
MMP (1 time)
PPAR (1 time)
2016 A Mixture of Extracts of Kochia scoparia and Rosa multiflora with PPAR alpha/gamma Dual Agonistic Effects Prevents Photoaging in Hairless Mice.
99  Koebner response
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
--- 1983 The Koebner (isomorphic) response in psoriasis. Associations with early age at onset and multiple previous therapies.
100  Kollidon SR
(1 time)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
GP (1 time)
MH (1 time)
SC (1 time)
2012 Hot melt granulation: a facile approach for monolithic osmotic release tablets.