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Abbreviation: LA
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Long forms: 1110

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
left atrial
(4268 times)
Cardiology
(2606 times)
AF (1560 times)
LV (959 times)
RA (366 times)
1966 Hemodynamic response to exercise after beta-adrenergic blockade with propranolol in patients with mitral valve obstruction.
linoleic acid
(1412 times)
Biochemistry
(302 times)
AA (324 times)
DHA (280 times)
ALA (272 times)
1978 E-UFA test in multiple sclerosis.
lupus anticoagulant
(972 times)
Hematology
(284 times)
aCL (326 times)
APS (240 times)
aPL (217 times)
1976 [The anticoagulant property of a lipoid anticoagulant and the mechanism of its influence on hemocoagulation].
local anesthetic
(803 times)
Anesthesiology
(176 times)
GA (170 times)
VAS (52 times)
CEA (29 times)
1964 REACTION OF LOCAL ANESTHETICS WITH PHOSPHOLIPIDS. A POSSIBLE CHEMICAL BASIS FOR ANESTHESIA.
lactic acid
(586 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(95 times)
AA (36 times)
LDH (24 times)
PA (22 times)
1975 Sites of organic acid production and pattern of digesta movement in the gastrointestinal tract of swine.
laparoscopic appendectomy
(583 times)
General Surgery
(403 times)
OA (223 times)
LOS (34 times)
OR (22 times)
1992 Is there a role for laparoscopic appendectomy in pediatric surgery?
alpha-lipoic acid
(383 times)
Biochemistry
(94 times)
ROS (30 times)
DHLA (24 times)
SOD (21 times)
1989 Protective effects of DL-alpha-lipoic acid on cadmium-induced deterioration of rat hepatocytes.
lipoic acid
(352 times)
Biochemistry
(47 times)
ROS (29 times)
DHLA (24 times)
SOD (17 times)
1976 [Mechanisms and ways of regulation of lipoic acid penetration into biological structures].
lactate
(341 times)
Physiology
(106 times)
HR (91 times)
RPE (34 times)
NE (18 times)
1976 Effect of propranolol on thyroxine-induced changes in body temperature and metabolism during exercise in dogs.
10  latex agglutination
(205 times)
Microbiology
(75 times)
CSF (25 times)
EIA (24 times)
ELISA (24 times)
1968 Value and interpretation of serological tests for the diagnosis of cryptococcosis.
11  Latin America
(196 times)
Tropical Medicine
(13 times)
EU (16 times)
NA (13 times)
EE (10 times)
1991 Epidemiology of cystic fibrosis in Latin America: preliminary communication.
12  lateral amygdala
(189 times)
Neurology
(118 times)
LTP (36 times)
CS (12 times)
NMDA (10 times)
1987 Differential effects of inferior temporal cortex lesions upon visual and auditory-evoked potentials in the amygdala of the squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus).
13  leukoaraiosis
(172 times)
Neurology
(83 times)
MRI (24 times)
MMSE (13 times)
CT (12 times)
1988 Vascular dementia and dementia of the Alzheimer type. Cognition, ventricular size, and leuko-araiosis.
14  leuprolide acetate
(159 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(104 times)
GnRHa (16 times)
GnRH (13 times)
hMG (10 times)
1988 A randomized, double-blind trial of a gonadotropin releasing-hormone agonist (leuprolide) with or without medroxyprogesterone acetate in the treatment of leiomyomata uteri.
15  laser ablation
(151 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(59 times)
ICP-MS (26 times)
RFA (10 times)
HCC (9 times)
1996 Geoanalysis using plasma spectrochemistry - milestones and future prospects.
16  Los Angeles
(134 times)
Gastroenterology
(29 times)
GERD (22 times)
NERD (7 times)
EE (6 times)
1981 Two populations with multiple sclerosis. Clinical and demographic characteristics.
17  levulinic acid
(120 times)
Chemistry
(32 times)
GVL (20 times)
HMF (17 times)
ALA (11 times)
1978 The role of vanadium in green plants. IV. Influence on the formation of delta-aminolevulinic acid in Chlorella.
18  levator ani
(115 times)
Neurology
(40 times)
BC (31 times)
SNB (27 times)
EAS (10 times)
1975 Effect of foreign innervation on contractile and histochemical properties of the transplanted levator ani muscle of the rat.
19  lateral nucleus of the amygdala
(102 times)
Neurology
(62 times)
LTP (30 times)
CS (13 times)
LTD (9 times)
1995 Fear conditioning enhances short-latency auditory responses of lateral amygdala neurons: parallel recordings in the freely behaving rat.
20  long-acting
(100 times)
Pharmacology
(17 times)
SA (12 times)
ADHD (9 times)
ER (9 times)
1979 Observations on some properties of a long-acting preparation of propranolol.
21  lumen area
(97 times)
Cardiology
(39 times)
WA (24 times)
IVUS (22 times)
VA (21 times)
1996 Coronary artery restenosis after balloon angioplasty in humans is associated with circumferential coronary constriction.
22  locomotor activity
(95 times)
Physiology
(18 times)
HR (24 times)
BT (16 times)
BP (7 times)
1973 Survival-time, locomotor activity (LA) and other parameters of starving male and female mice.
23  lipoprotein apheresis
(92 times)
Vascular Diseases
(44 times)
LDL-C (34 times)
CVD (19 times)
HoFH (18 times)
0 The role of PCSK9-inhibitors and of lipoprotein apheresis in the treatment of homozygous and severe heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia: A rivalry, or are things quite different?
24  lactic acidosis
(68 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
T2DM (4 times)
ART (3 times)
BMI (3 times)
1975 Phenformin-induced lactic acidosis in diabetic patients.
25  locally advanced
(68 times)
Neoplasms
(44 times)
OS (19 times)
BR (13 times)
PDAC (8 times)
1993 Dose-response relationship of epirubicin-based first-line chemotherapy for advanced breast cancer: a prospective randomized trial.
26  lateral
(60 times)
Neurology
(24 times)
BLA (20 times)
CeA (12 times)
BL (11 times)
1985 Cortical substrates of taste aversion learning: involvement of dorsolateral amygdaloid nuclei and temporal neocortex in taste aversion learning.
27  localized adherence
(59 times)
Microbiology
(27 times)
EPEC (38 times)
BFP (16 times)
EAF (15 times)
1985 Correlation between adherence to HeLa cells and serogroups, serotypes, and bioserotypes of Escherichia coli.
28  Linear Array
(58 times)
Microbiology
(26 times)
HPV (40 times)
HC2 (21 times)
HR (12 times)
2005 The development of a quality assurance programme for HPV testing within the UK NHS cervical screening LBC/HPV studies.
29  leaf area
(57 times)
Botany
(21 times)
SLA (8 times)
LMA (4 times)
MDA (4 times)
2002 Genotypic and nutrition-dependent variation in water use efficiency and photosynthetic activity of leaves in winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.).
30  laparoscopic
(55 times)
General Surgery
(38 times)
OA (35 times)
LOS (6 times)
CI (5 times)
1993 Laparoscopic versus open appendicectomy: prospective randomised trial.
31  lactobionic acid
(52 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(13 times)
DOX (12 times)
ASGPR (6 times)
HCC (5 times)
2003 Galactosylated low molecular weight chitosan as DNA carrier for hepatocyte-targeting.
32  low altitude
(52 times)
Physiology
(15 times)
HA (42 times)
AMS (5 times)
HSES (3 times)
1991 Enhanced exercise-induced rise of aldosterone and vasopressin preceding mountain sickness.
33  Lyme arthritis
(46 times)
Rheumatology
(10 times)
EM (15 times)
LB (8 times)
NB (7 times)
1989 Frequencies of Borrelia burgdorferi-reactive T lymphocytes in Lyme arthritis.
34  alpha-lactalbumin
(44 times)
Biochemistry
(23 times)
LG (8 times)
beta4Gal-T1 (4 times)
beta 4Gal-T1 (3 times)
1989 Recombinant bovine alpha-lactalbumin obtained by limited proteolysis of a fusion protein expressed at high levels in Escherichia coli.
35  Lactobacillus acidophilus
(44 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(10 times)
ST (5 times)
Bb (4 times)
CFU (4 times)
1989 Anticholesteremic property of Lactobacillus acidophilus yogurt fed to mature boars.
36  Lewis acid
(43 times)
Chemistry
(36 times)
LB (6 times)
TS (5 times)
FLP (4 times)
2001 Do More Electrophilic Aldehydes/Ketones Exhibit Higher Reactivity toward Nucleophiles in the Presence of Lewis Acids?
37  long-axis
(41 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(16 times)
SA (32 times)
LV (11 times)
MRI (4 times)
1983 Regional left ventricular performance during normal and obstructed spontaneous respiration.
38  livestock-associated
(40 times)
Microbiology
(14 times)
MRSA (33 times)
CA (11 times)
HA (10 times)
2009 Single-nucleotide polymorphism in the SCCmec-orfX junction distinguishes between livestock-associated MRSA CC398 and human epidemic MRSA strains.
39  lactide
(38 times)
Chemistry
(17 times)
ROP (12 times)
CL (6 times)
PLA (6 times)
1999 The properties of polyesteramide and the effects on the stability of bovine serum albumin.
40  lipid A
(37 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(16 times)
LPS (23 times)
TNF (6 times)
LOS (4 times)
1976 Biologic properties of nontoxic derivatives of a lipopolysaccharide from Escherichia coli K235.
41  L-arginine
(36 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
NO (19 times)
LN (5 times)
MDA (4 times)
1995 Cyclosporine inhibits the renal response to L-arginine in human kidney transplant recipients.
42  limits of agreement
(35 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(5 times)
ICC (4 times)
CO (3 times)
BP (2 times)
1993 Left ventricular systolic and diastolic function measurements using an ambulatory radionuclide monitor: effects of different time averaging on accuracy.
43  L-lactide
(32 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(9 times)
CL (6 times)
ROP (6 times)
PLA (4 times)
1996 Dual-controlled drug delivery across biodegradable copolymer. I. Delivery kinetics of levonorgestrel and estradiol through (caprolactone/lactide) block copolymer.
44  leukoagglutinin
(32 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(24 times)
Con A (13 times)
PWM (5 times)
PBL (4 times)
1976 Role of the thymus in generation of lymphocyte functions. I. Demonstration of lymphocytes reactive to mitogens and allogeneic cells in the embryonic mouse thymus in organ culture.
45  luminal area
(31 times)
Ophthalmology
(11 times)
CVI (10 times)
TCA (9 times)
SA (7 times)
1994 Feasibility of serial intracoronary ultrasound imaging for assessment of progression of intimal proliferation in cardiac transplant recipients.
46  lymphadenectomy
(30 times)
General Surgery
(15 times)
NSCLC (6 times)
LS (5 times)
OS (5 times)
1981 [Surgical therapy of germinal testicle tumors (author's transl)].
47  Louisiana
(29 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
GA (5 times)
FL (4 times)
AR (3 times)
1975 Replication of eastern equine encephalitis viruses (New Jersey and Louisiana strains and the Ets-4 mutant) in rabbit kidney cells.
48  latex agglutination test
(27 times)
Microbiology
(8 times)
EIA (6 times)
ELISA (4 times)
EM (4 times)
1976 [A rapid direct latex agglutination test for HCG (author's transl)].
49  lead acetate
(27 times)
Toxicology
(12 times)
SOD (3 times)
BW (2 times)
CA (2 times)
1983 Basic lead acetate: promoting effect on the development of renal tubular cell tumors in rats treated with N-ethyl-N-hydroxyethylnitrosamine.
50  left atrial diameter
(27 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
EF (8 times)
AF (5 times)
IVS (4 times)
1999 Effectiveness of digitoxin versus trichlormethiazide/amiloride in congestive heart failure NYHA class II/III and sinus rhythm.
51  lichen amyloidosis
(27 times)
Dermatology
(22 times)
MA (9 times)
AD (4 times)
PLCA (3 times)
1983 Immunofluorescence and histochemical studies of localized cutaneous amyloidosis.
52  lipoatrophy
(27 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(9 times)
LH (8 times)
HAART (6 times)
ART (4 times)
1988 Metabolic studies in lipoatrophic diabetes: mechanism of hyperglycemia and evidence of resistance to insulin of lipid metabolism.
53  late antigen
(26 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
CMV (10 times)
EA (9 times)
IEA (8 times)
1981 Antibody response to cytomegalovirus: a comparison between adult patients with neurological disease and uncomplicated infection.
54  loss of attachment
(26 times)
Dentistry
(22 times)
PD (8 times)
CPI (7 times)
GI (5 times)
1985 Periodontal conditions in adolescents with cleft lip, alveolus and palate following treatment in a co-ordinated team approach.
55  low-average
(26 times)
Nephrology
(17 times)
HA (25 times)
PET (16 times)
CAPD (10 times)
1994 Changes in the peritoneal equilibration test in selected chronic peritoneal dialysis patients.
56  lung adenocarcinoma
(26 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
miRNAs (5 times)
qRT-PCR (5 times)
EMT (2 times)
1995 [A case-control study on the risk factors of lung cancer in Guangdong].
57  lithospermic acid
(25 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
RA (15 times)
SAB (8 times)
CA (4 times)
1985 Effect of purified lithospermic acid and its oxidation product on luteinizing hormone release in vitro.
58  learning automata
(24 times)
Cybernetics
(20 times)
CA (3 times)
CLA (2 times)
AI (1 time)
2001 Backpropagation algorithm adaptation parameters using learning automata.
59  Libby amphibole
(24 times)
Toxicology
(17 times)
i.t (4 times)
AM (3 times)
BALF (3 times)
2010 Collagen accumulation over time in the murine lung after exposure to crocidolite asbestos or Libby amphibole.
60  longitudinal acoustic
(24 times)
Biophysics
(10 times)
LO (3 times)
QD (2 times)
QDs (2 times)
2001 Evidence for a quasi-two-dimensional proton glass state in Cs5H3(SO4)(4); xH(2)O Crystals.
61  Lipoma arborescens
(23 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
MRI (5 times)
OA (2 times)
HIGM (1 time)
1998 Lipoma arborescens of the knee: MR characteristics in 13 joints.
62  local
(23 times)
General Surgery
(13 times)
GA (22 times)
CEA (5 times)
RA (5 times)
1982 A randomised controlled trial to compare local with general anaesthesia for short-stay inguinal hernia repair.
63  low-affinity
(23 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
HA (20 times)
ACh (2 times)
AChE (1 time)
1977 Glutamate uptake in Thiobacillus novellus.
64  PV-left atrial
(23 times)
Cardiology
(19 times)
AF (13 times)
PV (11 times)
PVs (6 times)
2003 Circumferential mapping and electric isolation of pulmonary veins in patients with atrial fibrillation.
65  laser acupuncture
(22 times)
Complementary Therapies
(14 times)
CAM (2 times)
CTS (2 times)
HR (2 times)
1987 [Effect of laser acupuncture and irradiation of the cervix uteri in cows on cardiac activity and morphological composition of the blood].
66  light-adapted
(22 times)
Ophthalmology
(17 times)
DA (16 times)
ERG (7 times)
OPs (2 times)
1984 Effects of extracellular Ca++, K+, and Na+ on cone and retinal pigment epithelium retinomotor movements in isolated teleost retinas.
67  local analgesia
(21 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
HA (6 times)
ASR (2 times)
GA (2 times)
1986 Differentiation of neurochemical basis of stress-induced analgesia in mice by selective breeding.
68  local authority
(21 times)
Public Health
(8 times)
ONS (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
CSC (1 time)
2006 The 2007 Census Test: a major step towards the 2011 Census.
69  lumbar artery
(21 times)
Vascular Diseases
(9 times)
IMA (9 times)
EVAR (8 times)
CT (5 times)
1999 Vascular surgical society of great britain and ireland: prevention of lumbar artery endoleaks following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair with the selective use of absorbable gelatin sponge
70  lateral nucleus
(20 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
BL (3 times)
Ce (3 times)
LTP (3 times)
1981 Effect of pentobarbital on thalamo- and hippocampocortical processes in rats.
71  laminin
(19 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
FN (8 times)
ECM (4 times)
BM (3 times)
1985 Response of purified chick motoneurons to myotube conditioned medium: laminin is essential for the substratum-binding, neurite outgrowth-promoting activity.
72  liver abscess
(19 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
US (3 times)
OSD (2 times)
PCD (2 times)
2002 Liver abscess in adults: ten years experience in a UK centre.
73  laparoscopic-assisted
(18 times)
General Surgery
(13 times)
HA (2 times)
HAL (2 times)
HALS (2 times)
1994 Prospective analysis of 40 initial laparoscopic colorectal resections: a plea for a randomized trial.
74  less affected
(18 times)
Psychopharmacology
(6 times)
MA (16 times)
TBI (3 times)
EMG-LV (2 times)
1977 Effects of initial tolerance on acquired tolerance to alcohol in two selectively bred rat strains.
75  large aggregates
(17 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(7 times)
SA (11 times)
AM (3 times)
BAL (3 times)
1994 Altered alveolar surfactant is an early marker of acute lung injury in septic adult sheep.
76  Licochalcone A
(17 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
HFD (2 times)
AAA (1 time)
AD (1 time)
2000 Modulation of bcl-2 and cytotoxicity by licochalcone-A, a novel estrogenic flavonoid.
77  Linear Array HPV genotyping test
(17 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
HPV (13 times)
ASCUS (3 times)
CIN (3 times)
2008 Evaluation of linear array human papillomavirus genotyping using automatic optical imaging software.
78  luminal A
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
LB (15 times)
TN (8 times)
BC (4 times)
2008 A divergent role for estrogen receptor-beta in node-positive and node-negative breast cancer classified according to molecular subtypes: an observational prospective study.
79  laboratory animals
(15 times)
Occupational Medicine
(7 times)
OA (4 times)
SPT (3 times)
BHR (1 time)
1999 Allergy to laboratory animals in children of parents occupationally exposed to mice, rats and hamsters.
80  lappaconitine
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
DLA (3 times)
i.c.v (3 times)
i.t (3 times)
1989 [Effects of central Ca2+ on analgesic action of lappaconitine].
81  linalyl acetate
(15 times)
Biology
(3 times)
LL (2 times)
LO (2 times)
5-SASL (1 time)
2003 Cutaneous absorption and elimination of three acyclic terpenes--in vitro studies.
82  lordosis angle
(15 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
VAS (4 times)
ROM (3 times)
DSH (2 times)
1994 Changes in the lumbosacral segment of the spine due to overweight in adults. Preliminary remarks.
83  low anxiety
(15 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(5 times)
HA (12 times)
EPM (3 times)
CRH (2 times)
1985 Anxiety and eating behavior in obese and nonobese American Indians and white Americans.
84  lactic
(14 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
MA (4 times)
TA (4 times)
AA (1 time)
1986 CO2/H+ receptors in the lungs of anaesthetized rabbits.
85  lithocholic acid
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
AAT (2 times)
beta-CD (2 times)
TEM (2 times)
1980 Effect of cecum and appendix on 7 alpha-dehydroxylation and 7 beta-epimerization of chenodeoxycholic acid in the rabbit.
86  lateral approach
(13 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
DAA (3 times)
MA (3 times)
PA (3 times)
2013 A CaRBS analysis of hip replacement approaches and non-pathology.
87  leuprorelin acetate
(13 times)
Urology
(3 times)
DHT (4 times)
CPP (3 times)
GnRH (2 times)
2004 Apoptosis-related gene expression affected by a GnRH analogue without induction of programmed cell death in LNCaP cells.
88  low achievement
(13 times)
Psychology
(9 times)
LD (5 times)
MLD (4 times)
ADHD (2 times)
1992 Social status of boys with both academic problems and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
89  left amygdala
(12 times)
Science
(3 times)
rtfMRI-nf (4 times)
KA (3 times)
AMs (2 times)
1988 Regional cerebral blood flow and kainic acid-induced focal limbic seizures in cats.
90  left atrial dimension
(12 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
LVEDD (5 times)
AF (3 times)
CHF (2 times)
1985 Echocardiographic left atrial dimension as a predictor of maintaining sinus rhythm after conversion of atrial fibrillation.
91  levator ani muscle
(12 times)
Urology
(4 times)
ATFP (2 times)
ATLA (2 times)
MRI (1 time)
1994 Testosterone-induced masculinization of the rat levator ani muscle during puberty.
92  linear accelerator
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CT (2 times)
PTV (2 times)
AC (1 time)
2003 Long-term safety of orbital radiotherapy for Graves' ophthalmopathy.
93  linoleate
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
AA (7 times)
EPA (7 times)
DHA (5 times)
1987 Polyunsaturated fatty acids augment free radical generation in tumor cells in vitro.
94  low activity
(12 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
HA (10 times)
AsFlFFF (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
1976 Relation of uptake and metabolism of (1,2,6,7-3H)testosterone to individual differences in sexual behavior in male guinea pigs.
95  lard
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
CO (5 times)
FO (3 times)
PF (3 times)
1984 [Nutrition physiology effects of dietary fats in rations for growing pigs. 5. Effects of soy bean oil and lard on protein retention in piglets].
96  large aspiny
(11 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
HD (2 times)
mGluR (2 times)
MS (2 times)
1998 Striatal spiny neurons and cholinergic interneurons express differential ionotropic glutamatergic responses and vulnerability: implications for ischemia and Huntington's disease.
97  lauryl alcohol
(11 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
PG (4 times)
5-FU (3 times)
AZ (3 times)
1993 The single-pass perfused rabbit ear as a model for studying percutaneous absorption of clonazepam. II. Influence of hydrogel-borne propylene glycol and skin pretreatment with lauryl alcohol.
98  LDL-apheresis
(11 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
LDL (3 times)
TC (2 times)
apoB (1 time)
1993 Treatment of homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia by plasma exchange and LDL-apheresis.
99  linkage analysis
(11 times)
Genetics
(7 times)
LD (6 times)
QTL (6 times)
LDLA (3 times)
2002 Linkage Analysis: An Important Tool for Pre-Clinical Alport's Diagnosis.
100  local adaptation
(11 times)
Biological Evolution
(2 times)
EME (1 time)
FA (1 time)
GD (1 time)
2007 A critical review of adaptive genetic variation in Atlantic salmon: implications for conservation.