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Abbreviation: LB
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Langmuir-Blodgett
(860 times)
Chemistry
(508 times)
AFM (136 times)
DPPC (42 times)
BAM (36 times)
1987 Stable phospholipid membrane supported on porous filter paper.
Lyme borreliosis
(353 times)
Communicable Diseases
(107 times)
EM (45 times)
TBE (29 times)
s.l (27 times)
1989 [The clinical manifestations and diagnosis of Lyme borreliosis].
Luria-Bertani
(352 times)
Microbiology
(122 times)
E. coli (15 times)
ROS (8 times)
BHI (7 times)
1989 In situ DNA-RNA hybridization using in vivo bromodeoxyuridine-labeled DNA probe.
lattice Boltzmann
(189 times)
Biophysics
(80 times)
MRT (8 times)
MD (5 times)
BGK (4 times)
2000 Hydraulic permeability of (un)bounded fibrous media using the lattice boltzmann method
Lewy bodies
(175 times)
Neurology
(99 times)
PD (118 times)
DLB (39 times)
AD (32 times)
1979 Dementia-Parkinsonism syndrome with numerous Lewy bodies and senile plaques in cerebral cortex.
liver biopsy
(175 times)
Gastroenterology
(82 times)
TE (36 times)
HCV (23 times)
AUROC (21 times)
1984 [Hodgkin's disease and the liver. Study of 50 biopsies].
live birth
(172 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(52 times)
CP (19 times)
IVF (14 times)
CI (11 times)
1980 Prenatal genetic diagnosis and elective abortion in women over 35: utilization and relative impact on the birth prevalence of Down syndrome in Washington State.
lateral bending
(150 times)
Orthopedics
(65 times)
AR (115 times)
FE (111 times)
ROM (86 times)
1985 Mechanical perturbation-induced ethylene releases apical dominance in Pharbitis nil by restricting shoot growth.
Lewy body
(126 times)
Neurology
(81 times)
PD (67 times)
AD (43 times)
DLB (38 times)
1988 Lewy bodies contain epitopes both shared and distinct from Alzheimer neurofibrillary tangles.
10  lamellar bodies
(108 times)
Dermatology
(26 times)
SC (15 times)
MVB (6 times)
SG (6 times)
1980 Lamellar body depletion in dogs undergoing pulmonary artery occlusion.
11  liposomal bupivacaine
(108 times)
Orthopedics
(37 times)
TKA (20 times)
LOS (16 times)
VAS (13 times)
2012 A double-blind, randomized, active-controlled study for post-hemorrhoidectomy pain management with liposome bupivacaine, a novel local analgesic formulation.
12  lactobacilli
(98 times)
Dentistry
(79 times)
MS (67 times)
SM (17 times)
ECC (9 times)
1980 Effect of ingested Lactobacilli on Salmonella infantis and Escherichia coli and on intestinal flora, pasted vents, and chick growth.
13  lysogeny broth
(54 times)
Microbiology
(8 times)
TSB (4 times)
BHI (3 times)
DMEM (3 times)
2009 Differential transfer dynamics of pAW63 plasmid among members of the Bacillus cereus group in food microcosms.
14  Luria broth
(50 times)
Microbiology
(14 times)
TSB (4 times)
EDTA (2 times)
LPS (2 times)
1985 Effects of recombinant plasmid content on growth properties and cloned gene product formation in Escherichia coli.
15  liquid biopsy
(47 times)
Neoplasms
(30 times)
ctDNA (13 times)
CTCs (10 times)
NSCLC (8 times)
2017 Diagnostic methods for detection of bone metastases.
16  Lohmann Brown
(43 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(35 times)
LSL (25 times)
CA (5 times)
BW (2 times)
1998 Health of laying hens in an aviary system over five batches of birds.
17  lower bound
(30 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
UB (22 times)
BW (9 times)
MOE (3 times)
1997 Detection of metastatic neuroblastoma in bone marrow: when is routine marrow histology insensitive?
18  lesbian and bisexual
(27 times)
Gynecology
(9 times)
GB (3 times)
OR (2 times)
AOD (1 time)
2003 Sexual identity and substance use among undergraduate students.
19  large bowel
(26 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
SB (15 times)
NSP (4 times)
OM (3 times)
1986 Improved methods for venous access: the Port-A-Cath, a totally implanted catheter system.
20  late blind
(26 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
CB (14 times)
SC (12 times)
EB (11 times)
2008 Functional characteristics of auditory cortex in the blind.
21  lymphoblastoid
(25 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(9 times)
NHL (3 times)
IB (2 times)
NK (2 times)
1976 Mononuclear cells in human synovial fluid. Identification of lymphoblasts in rheumatoid arthritis.
22  lower body
(24 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
UB (19 times)
FB (3 times)
BIA (2 times)
1987 Upper and lower body anaerobic power: comparison between biathletes and control subjects.
23  Luria-Bertani broth
(24 times)
Microbiology
(7 times)
BHI (6 times)
TSB (4 times)
STEC (2 times)
2002 Purification and characterization of the fusion protein trypsin-streptavidin expressed in Escherichia coli.
24  Lewis base
(22 times)
Chemistry
(19 times)
LA (10 times)
DFT (2 times)
FLP (2 times)
2002 Reactivity of ether- and amine-complexed dimers and tetramers of alkyllithiums towards triphenylmethane.
25  lipid bodies
(21 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
FM (4 times)
ILI (3 times)
TAG (3 times)
2003 Macrophage lipid body induction by Chagas disease in vivo: putative intracellular domains for eicosanoid formation during infection.
26  lymphocytic bronchiolitis
(21 times)
Transplantation
(15 times)
CLAD (6 times)
AR (5 times)
BAL (5 times)
2001 Inhaled corticosteroids and the treatment of lymphocytic bronchiolitis following lung transplantation.
27  ligand-based
(20 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
SB (13 times)
VS (7 times)
QSAR (5 times)
2008 Receptor guided 3D-QSAR: a useful approach for designing of IGF-1R inhibitors.
28  limb bud
(19 times)
Toxicology
(16 times)
CNS (8 times)
ENU (3 times)
MB (3 times)
1984 An in vitro assay for teratogens with cultures of rat embryo midbrain and limb bud cells.
29  Lycium barbarum
(19 times)
Complementary Therapies
(4 times)
ERG (3 times)
AST (2 times)
MDA (2 times)
2003 [Effect of lycium barbarum L on defending free radicals of mice caused by hypoxia].
30  left border
(18 times)
Molecular Biology
(9 times)
RB (11 times)
ATMT (3 times)
T-DNA (3 times)
1994 The small, versatile pPZP family of Agrobacterium binary vectors for plant transformation.
31  linear birefringence
(17 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
LD (11 times)
CB (10 times)
CD (9 times)
2004 Measurement of circular birefringence and circular dichroism of the single crystals of lambda-(+)589- and delta-(-)589-tris(ethylenediamine)cobalt(III) triiodide monohydrate by the extended HAUP method.
32  luminal B
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
LA (17 times)
TN (9 times)
BC (6 times)
2008 A divergent role for estrogen receptor-beta in node-positive and node-negative breast cancer classified according to molecular subtypes: an observational prospective study.
33  laser balloon
(15 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
PVI (7 times)
AF (6 times)
CB (5 times)
2013 A prospective randomized single-center study on the risk of asymptomatic cerebral lesions comparing irrigated radiofrequency current ablation with the cryoballoon and the laser balloon.
34  line bisection
(15 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
HS (2 times)
MNL (2 times)
SC (2 times)
1997 Spatial bias: attentional and intentional influence in normal subjects.
35  lipid body
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ER (4 times)
TAG (2 times)
AB (1 time)
2005 Mechanisms of increased survival after lipopolysaccharide-induced endotoxic shock in mice consuming olive oil-enriched diet.
36  loosely bound
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
TB (14 times)
EPS (12 times)
AOB (1 time)
2007 Enzyme activities in activated sludge flocs.
37  lying bouts
(14 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
SB (3 times)
LT (2 times)
AEs (1 time)
2004 The effects of short- vs. long-bout exercise on mood, VO2max, and percent body fat.
38  Laplace-Beltrami
(13 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(8 times)
AD (2 times)
HCP (2 times)
RMOS (2 times)
2006 Smooth functional and structural maps on the neocortex via orthonormal bases of the Laplace-Beltrami operator.
39  linebackers
(13 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
RB (11 times)
DL (10 times)
DB (9 times)
2004 Comparison of physical and performance characteristics of NCAA Division I football players: 1987 and 2000.
40  Luria-Bertani medium
(13 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
DI (2 times)
PBS (2 times)
4CP (1 time)
2000 Effects of growth medium selection on plasmid DNA production and initial processing steps.
41  latrunculin B
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
DSBs (2 times)
ERK (2 times)
5-LO (1 time)
2000 Hypertonic inhibition of exocytosis in neutrophils: central role for osmotic actin skeleton remodeling.
42  levobupivacaine
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
HMGB1 (2 times)
ALI (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2005 L-Bupivacaine 0.5% vs. racemic 0.5% bupivacaine for caudal epidural analgesia in horses.
43  lignocellulosic biomass
(12 times)
Technology
(5 times)
IL (2 times)
AOPs (1 time)
FRET (1 time)
2013 Biodelignification of lignocellulose substrates: An intrinsic and sustainable pretreatment strategy for clean energy production.
44  low back
(12 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
HL (3 times)
LL (2 times)
OR (2 times)
1986 Validity/reliability of sweat analysis by whole-body washdown vs. regional collections.
45  laterobasal
(11 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
CM (9 times)
SF (9 times)
fMRI (2 times)
2009 Anatomical specificity of functional amygdala imaging of responses to stimuli with positive and negative emotional valence.
46  live born
(11 times)
Pediatrics
(7 times)
SB (3 times)
ABP (1 time)
BPP (1 time)
1991 [Infant mortality due to heart disease in Chile 1988].
47  lipid bilayer
(10 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
MSNs (4 times)
MSNP (3 times)
PTX (2 times)
2015 Use of a lipid-coated mesoporous silica nanoparticle platform for synergistic gemcitabine and paclitaxel delivery to human pancreatic cancer in mice.
48  lactose broth
(9 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
BPW (6 times)
BAM (4 times)
UPB (3 times)
1993 The occurrence of salmonellae in bean sprouts in Thailand.
49  Late blight
(9 times)
Botany
(1 time)
CMV (1 time)
DIA (1 time)
DLA (1 time)
2002 A molecular linkage map of tomato displaying chromosomal locations of resistance gene analogs based on a Lycopersicon esculentum x Lycopersicon hirsutum cross.
50  Lactobacillus buchneri
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
DM (2 times)
LBLP (2 times)
LP (2 times)
2009 Clostridia spore formation during aerobic deterioration of maize and sorghum silages as influenced by Lactobacillus buchneri and Lactobacillus plantarum inoculants.
51  Lactobacillus bulgaricus
(8 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
SP (4 times)
AChE (3 times)
ET (3 times)
2014 Preventive effect of Lactobacillus fermentum Lee on activated carbon-induced constipation in mice.
52  Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus
(8 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
ST (7 times)
RP-HPLC (3 times)
BB (2 times)
2009 Anti-Helicobacter pylori activity of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus strains: preliminary report.
53  leukemic blasts
(8 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
AML (3 times)
CTLp (2 times)
HSCT (2 times)
1995 Chemosensitivity to triazene compounds and O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase levels: studies with blasts of leukaemic patients.
54  ligand-binding
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
OSBP (3 times)
PH (3 times)
CHH (1 time)
1995 Expression and disulfide-bond connectivity of the second ligand-binding repeat of the human LDL receptor.
55  lymphocyte blastogenesis
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
CMI (2 times)
BC (1 time)
Con A (1 time)
1978 Cellular immunity in infectious mononucleosis. II. Specific reactivity to Epstein-Barr Virus antigens and correlation with clinical and hematologic parameters.
56  Lafora bodies
(7 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
LD (4 times)
ASA (1 time)
BB (1 time)
1993 [Polysaccharide bodies: an unusual finding in a case of temporal epilepsy. Review of the literature].
57  limited bedding
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
ELA (3 times)
MS (3 times)
ELS (2 times)
2018 Amygdala hyper-connectivity in a mouse model of unpredictable early life stress.
58  Loureirin B
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
CD (1 time)
CYP450 (1 time)
DB (1 time)
2013 An HPLC-ESI-MS method for analysis of loureirin A and B in dragon's blood and application in pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution in rats.
59  light brown
(6 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
DB (6 times)
Wh (3 times)
ACC (1 time)
2000 Phenotypic switching in Candida glabrata involves phase-specific regulation of the metallothionein gene MT-II and the newly discovered hemolysin gene HLP.
60  likely benign
(6 times)
Genetics, Medical
(3 times)
LP (6 times)
VUS (5 times)
ACMG (1 time)
2017 Mutational and biochemical findings in adults with persistent hypophosphatasemia.
61  line blot
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
IIF (2 times)
IP (2 times)
SSc (2 times)
2010 Diagnostic accuracy of different immunological methods for the detection of antineuronal antibodies in paraneoplastic neurological syndromes.
62  Lineweaver-Burk
(6 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
AChE (2 times)
XO (2 times)
ABTS (1 time)
2009 Parameterization of red blood cell elongation index--shear stress curves obtained by ektacytometry.
63  live bacteria
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
CE (2 times)
DB (2 times)
FS (2 times)
2001 Nitric oxide production and iNOS mRNA expression in mice induced by repeated stimulation with live Fusobacterium nucleatum.
64  lung biopsy
(6 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
BAL (2 times)
allo-SCT (1 time)
AR (1 time)
1978 [Pulmonary arterial hypertension in disorders of oxygen diffusion].
65  Burkitt's lymphoma
(5 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
EBV (2 times)
IFN (2 times)
CA (1 time)
2002 [Epidemiological aspects of Burkitt's lymphoma in children of Madagascar].
66  Laizhou Bay
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
BFRs (2 times)
DBDPE (2 times)
ZI (2 times)
2013 Assessment of sediment quality in two important areas of mariculture in the Bohai Sea and the northern Yellow Sea based on acid-volatile sulfide and simultaneously extracted metal results.
67  Langmuir-Blodgett films
(5 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
AFM (2 times)
DMPA (1 time)
DMPE (1 time)
2008 Calcium carbonate particle growth depending on coupling among adjacent layers in hybrid LB/LbL films.
68  lecture-based
(5 times)
Education
(3 times)
ACLS (2 times)
AMEE (1 time)
CB/PB (1 time)
2008 Comparison of student performance after lecture-based and case-based/problem-based teaching in a large group.
69  Letheen Broth
(5 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
CHP (3 times)
BHI (2 times)
ADT (1 time)
2003 A study of the time necessary for calcium hydroxide to eliminate microorganisms in infected canals.
70  lip bumper
(5 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
LA (1 time)
RCTs (1 time)
2011 Mandibular lip bumper treatment and second molar eruption disturbances.
71  lobeglitazone
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
AHR (1 time)
AP (1 time)
ATV (1 time)
2015 Kinetics of the Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism, and Excretion of Lobeglitazone, a Novel Activator of Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma in Rats.
72  Lohmann Brown-Classic
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
LSL (5 times)
mI (2 times)
BB (1 time)
2020 Effects of edible environmental enrichments during the rearing and laying periods in a littered aviary-Part 1: integument condition in pullets and laying hens.
73  lymphoblastic lymphoma
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CB (1 time)
CC (1 time)
IB (1 time)
1983 [Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas in the oropharynx in children - a histological study in 11 patients].
74  Lagenaria breviflora
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AL (1 time)
ALP (1 time)
ASP (1 time)
2011 Anti-ulcerogenic and in vitro antioxidant activities of Lagenaria breviflora (LB) whole fruit ethanolic extract in laboratory animals.
75  lamellar bodies count
(4 times)
Perinatology
(2 times)
FLM (4 times)
AF (2 times)
PG (2 times)
1998 The effect of polyhydramnios and oligohydramnios on fetal lung maturity indexes.
76  Lap-Band
(4 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
SAGB (3 times)
AE (1 time)
AGB (1 time)
2000 [Use of regulated silicone bandage in horizontal gastroplasty in patients with morbid obesity].
77  left bundle
(4 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
AV (1 time)
BBR (1 time)
CLBBB (1 time)
2009 Bundle branch re-entry ventricular tachycardia in a patient with myotonic dystrophy.
78  levodopa/benserazide
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
LC (4 times)
PD (3 times)
OPC (2 times)
2009 Direct switch from levodopa/benserazide or levodopa/carbidopa to levodopa/carbidopa/entacapone in Parkinson's disease patients with wearing-off: efficacy, safety and feasibility--an open-label, 6-week study.
79  linear blending
(4 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
DECT (2 times)
CECT (1 time)
CNRs (1 time)
2010 Performance of dual-energy CT with tin filter technology for the discrimination of renal cysts and enhancing masses.
80  Liner Bond II
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
FB (2 times)
SB (2 times)
BW (1 time)
1998 Influence of thermal cycling on dentin bond strength of two-step bonding systems.
81  Lipoblastoma
(4 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
ML (2 times)
LBS (1 time)
WDL (1 time)
1999 Benign recurring lipoblastoma in an adult versus well differentiated subcutaneous myxoid liposarcoma: clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical and molecular analysis of a unique case.
82  lobectomy
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CI (2 times)
OS (2 times)
SCLC (2 times)
2015 National Analysis of Short-Term Outcomes After Pulmonary Resections on Cardiopulmonary Bypass.
83  locust bean
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CGMP (2 times)
ETEC (2 times)
FI (2 times)
1998 Relationship between swelling, erosion and drug release in hydrophillic natural gum mini-matrix formulations.
84  Lorentz-Berthelot
(4 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
CG (1 time)
FE-12-6 (1 time)
HOV (1 time)
2009 Coarse-grained models for fluids and their mixtures: Comparison of Monte Carlo studies of their phase behavior with perturbation theory and experiment.
85  lumbar belt
(4 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
LBP (3 times)
AE (1 time)
CE (1 time)
2014 The effect of different lumbar belt designs on the lumbopelvic rhythm in healthy subjects.
86  lying behavior
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
ASD (1 time)
bout_N (1 time)
2008 Spontaneous periictal leaving behavior: a potential lateralizing sign in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy.
87  lysis buffer
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
C. albicans (1 time)
HGF (1 time)
LBT (1 time)
2006 New protein extraction/solubilization protocol for gel-based proteomics of rat (female) whole brain and brain regions.
88  Lactobacillus brevis
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
ADH (1 time)
dpi (1 time)
LP (1 time)
2012 Investigation of asymmetric alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) reduction of acetophenone derivatives: effect of charge density.
89  language barrier
(3 times)
Emergency Medicine
(2 times)
AHA (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CPR (1 time)
1999 Language barriers and resource utilization in a pediatric emergency department.
90  lapatinib
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
DSC (1 time)
DT (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
2015 Investigation of drug-excipient interactions in lapatinib amorphous solid dispersions using solid-state NMR spectroscopy.
91  laser beam
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CMF (1 time)
DPB (1 time)
1986 [Electron microscopic and morphometric study of bone regeneration as affected by magnetic and laser stimulation].
92  late blindness
(3 times)
Mental Disorders
(1 time)
CAL (2 times)
SCs (2 times)
BA (1 time)
2018 Altered functional connectivity of primary visual cortex in late blindness.
93  late bud
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
EB (3 times)
MB (2 times)
2-FB (1 time)
1976 A staging system for forelimb regeneration in the axolotl, Ambystoma mexicanum.
94  lateral branch
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
MB (2 times)
AA (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1970 Evidence for a chromatographic model of olfaction.
95  Lauha Bhasma
(3 times)
Medicine, Ayurvedic
(3 times)
AB (1 time)
RS (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2013 Characterization of Tarakeshwara Rasa: An Ayurvedic herbomineral formulation.
96  lauryl betaine
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AOS (1 time)
BC (1 time)
CMC (1 time)
2014 Visualizing oil displacement with foam in a microfluidic device with permeability contrast.
97  leachbed
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
UASB (2 times)
LR (1 time)
1998 Performances of mesophilic anaerobic digestion systems treating poultry mortalities.
98  Leaf biomass
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
AMB (1 time)
FACE (1 time)
LA (1 time)
2004 Requiem for an eastern Pacific seagrass bed.
99  leaf blade
(3 times)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
EP (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
LA (1 time)
2013 Chemical composition, cell wall features and degradability of stem, leaf blade and sheath in untreated and alkali-treated rice straw.
100  left bundle branch
(3 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
DP (1 time)
DP-V (1 time)
EA site (1 time)
1975 Left ventricular approach for recording His bundle potential in man.