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Abbreviation: LB
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Long forms: 491

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Langmuir-Blodgett
(811 times)
Chemistry
(479 times)
AFM (130 times)
DPPC (40 times)
BAM (34 times)
1987 Stable phospholipid membrane supported on porous filter paper.
Lyme borreliosis
(312 times)
Communicable Diseases
(96 times)
EM (38 times)
s.l (24 times)
TBE (24 times)
0 Neuroborreliosis in patients hospitalised for Lyme borreliosis in the Czech Republic in 2003 - 2013.
Luria-Bertani
(302 times)
Microbiology
(106 times)
E. coli (13 times)
BHI (7 times)
IPTG (7 times)
1989 In situ DNA-RNA hybridization using in vivo bromodeoxyuridine-labeled DNA probe.
lattice Boltzmann
(171 times)
Biophysics
(81 times)
MRT (7 times)
MD (5 times)
BGK (4 times)
2000 Hydraulic permeability of (un)bounded fibrous media using the lattice boltzmann method
Lewy bodies
(163 times)
Neurology
(96 times)
PD (108 times)
DLB (38 times)
AD (30 times)
1979 Dementia-Parkinsonism syndrome with numerous Lewy bodies and senile plaques in cerebral cortex.
liver biopsy
(156 times)
Gastroenterology
(75 times)
TE (34 times)
HCV (23 times)
AUROC (19 times)
1984 [Hodgkin's disease and the liver. Study of 50 biopsies].
live births
(147 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(45 times)
CP (16 times)
IVF (14 times)
CI (10 times)
1980 Prenatal genetic diagnosis and elective abortion in women over 35: utilization and relative impact on the birth prevalence of Down syndrome in Washington State.
lateral bending
(128 times)
Orthopedics
(60 times)
AR (100 times)
FE (100 times)
ROM (79 times)
1991 Comparison of spinal mobility and isometric trunk extensor forces with electromyographic spectral analysis in identifying low back pain.
Lewy body
(117 times)
Neurology
(76 times)
PD (64 times)
AD (41 times)
DLB (35 times)
1988 Lewy bodies contain epitopes both shared and distinct from Alzheimer neurofibrillary tangles.
10  lamellar bodies
(106 times)
Dermatology
(26 times)
SC (15 times)
MVB (6 times)
SG (6 times)
1980 Lamellar body depletion in dogs undergoing pulmonary artery occlusion.
11  lactobacilli
(91 times)
Dentistry
(77 times)
MS (62 times)
SM (16 times)
ECC (7 times)
1980 Effect of ingested Lactobacilli on Salmonella infantis and Escherichia coli and on intestinal flora, pasted vents, and chick growth.
12  liposomal bupivacaine
(71 times)
Orthopedics
(29 times)
TKA (15 times)
LOS (10 times)
VAS (10 times)
0 Liposomal Bupivacaine Use in Third Molar Impaction Surgery: INNOVATE Study.
13  Luria broth
(46 times)
Microbiology
(13 times)
TSB (4 times)
EDTA (2 times)
LPS (2 times)
1985 Effects of recombinant plasmid content on growth properties and cloned gene product formation in Escherichia coli.
14  Lohmann Brown
(39 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(34 times)
LSL (21 times)
CA (3 times)
BW (2 times)
1998 Health of laying hens in an aviary system over five batches of birds.
15  lysogeny broth
(38 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
DMEM (3 times)
SPI-1 (3 times)
5-MCA (2 times)
2010 Differential transfer dynamics of pAW63 plasmid among members of the Bacillus cereus group in food microcosms.
16  large bowel
(26 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
SB (15 times)
NSP (4 times)
OM (3 times)
1986 Improved methods for venous access: the Port-A-Cath, a totally implanted catheter system.
17  lesbian and bisexual
(26 times)
Gynecology
(9 times)
GB (3 times)
OR (2 times)
AOD (1 time)
2003 Sexual identity and substance use among undergraduate students.
18  lymphoblastoid
(25 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(9 times)
NHL (3 times)
IB (2 times)
NK (2 times)
1976 Mononuclear cells in human synovial fluid. Identification of lymphoblasts in rheumatoid arthritis.
19  lower bound
(23 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
UB (16 times)
BW (6 times)
LOQ (2 times)
1997 Detection of metastatic neuroblastoma in bone marrow: when is routine marrow histology insensitive?
20  lower body
(22 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
UB (17 times)
FB (3 times)
BW (2 times)
1987 Upper and lower body anaerobic power: comparison between biathletes and control subjects.
21  Luria-Bertani broth
(22 times)
Microbiology
(7 times)
BHI (6 times)
TSB (4 times)
STEC (2 times)
2002 Purification and characterization of the fusion protein trypsin-streptavidin expressed in Escherichia coli.
22  late blind
(21 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
CB (12 times)
SC (11 times)
EB (9 times)
2009 Functional characteristics of auditory cortex in the blind.
23  lipid bodies
(21 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
FM (4 times)
ILI (3 times)
TAG (3 times)
2003 Macrophage lipid body induction by Chagas disease in vivo: putative intracellular domains for eicosanoid formation during infection.
24  liquid biopsy
(21 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
ctDNA (6 times)
NSCLC (4 times)
CTCs (3 times)
2017 Diagnostic methods for detection of bone metastases.
25  limb bud
(19 times)
Toxicology
(16 times)
CNS (8 times)
ENU (3 times)
MB (3 times)
1984 An in vitro assay for teratogens with cultures of rat embryo midbrain and limb bud cells.
26  Lewis base
(18 times)
Chemistry
(16 times)
LA (8 times)
FLP (3 times)
LPP (2 times)
2000 Reactivity of ether- and amine-complexed dimers and tetramers of alkyllithiums towards triphenylmethane.
27  lymphocytic bronchiolitis
(18 times)
Transplantation
(13 times)
BAL (4 times)
BOS (4 times)
CLAD (4 times)
2001 Inhaled corticosteroids and the treatment of lymphocytic bronchiolitis following lung transplantation.
28  left border
(17 times)
Molecular Biology
(8 times)
RB (11 times)
ATMT (3 times)
T-DNA (3 times)
1994 The small, versatile pPZP family of Agrobacterium binary vectors for plant transformation.
29  ligand-based
(17 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
SB (10 times)
VS (5 times)
QSAR (4 times)
2008 Receptor guided 3D-QSAR: a useful approach for designing of IGF-1R inhibitors.
30  linear birefringence
(17 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
LD (11 times)
CB (10 times)
CD (9 times)
2004 Measurement of circular birefringence and circular dichroism of the single crystals of lambda-(+)589- and delta-(-)589-tris(ethylenediamine)cobalt(III) triiodide monohydrate by the extended HAUP method.
31  Lycium barbarum
(17 times)
Complementary Therapies
(4 times)
AST (2 times)
ERG (2 times)
SOD (2 times)
1999 [The regulation of Lycium barbarum on apoptosis of rat spleen in vitro].
32  luminal B
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
LA (15 times)
TN (7 times)
BC (4 times)
2008 A divergent role for estrogen receptor-beta in node-positive and node-negative breast cancer classified according to molecular subtypes: an observational prospective study.
33  loosely bound
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
TB (13 times)
EPS (11 times)
AOB (1 time)
2007 Enzyme activities in activated sludge flocs.
34  Laplace-Beltrami
(13 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(8 times)
AD (2 times)
HCP (2 times)
RMOS (2 times)
2006 Smooth functional and structural maps on the neocortex via orthonormal bases of the Laplace-Beltrami operator.
35  line bisection
(13 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
HS (2 times)
MNL (2 times)
SC (2 times)
1997 Spatial bias: attentional and intentional influence in normal subjects.
36  lipid body
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ER (3 times)
AB (1 time)
AFB (1 time)
2005 Mechanisms of increased survival after lipopolysaccharide-induced endotoxic shock in mice consuming olive oil-enriched diet.
37  Luria-Bertani medium
(13 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
DI (2 times)
PBS (2 times)
4CP (1 time)
2000 Effects of growth medium selection on plasmid DNA production and initial processing steps.
38  latrunculin B
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
DSBs (2 times)
ERK (2 times)
5-LO (1 time)
2000 Hypertonic inhibition of exocytosis in neutrophils: central role for osmotic actin skeleton remodeling.
39  linebackers
(12 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
RB (10 times)
DL (9 times)
DB (8 times)
2004 Comparison of physical and performance characteristics of NCAA Division I football players: 1987 and 2000.
40  lying bouts
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
SB (3 times)
AEs (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2005 The effects of short- vs. long-bout exercise on mood, VO2max, and percent body fat.
41  laser balloon
(11 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
PVI (7 times)
AF (5 times)
CB (5 times)
2013 A prospective randomized single-center study on the risk of asymptomatic cerebral lesions comparing irrigated radiofrequency current ablation with the cryoballoon and the laser balloon.
42  levobupivacaine
(11 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
HMGB1 (2 times)
ALI (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2005 L-Bupivacaine 0.5% vs. racemic 0.5% bupivacaine for caudal epidural analgesia in horses.
43  live born
(11 times)
Pediatrics
(7 times)
SB (3 times)
ABP (1 time)
BPP (1 time)
1991 [Infant mortality due to heart disease in Chile 1988].
44  low back
(11 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
HL (3 times)
LL (2 times)
OR (2 times)
1986 Validity/reliability of sweat analysis by whole-body washdown vs. regional collections.
45  lactose broth
(9 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
BPW (6 times)
BAM (4 times)
UPB (3 times)
1993 The occurrence of salmonellae in bean sprouts in Thailand.
46  lipid bilayer
(9 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
MSNs (4 times)
MSNP (3 times)
PTX (2 times)
2015 Use of a lipid-coated mesoporous silica nanoparticle platform for synergistic gemcitabine and paclitaxel delivery to human pancreatic cancer in mice.
47  leukemic blasts
(8 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
AML (3 times)
CTLp (2 times)
HSCT (2 times)
1995 Chemosensitivity to triazene compounds and O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase levels: studies with blasts of leukaemic patients.
48  ligand-binding
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
OSBP (3 times)
PH (3 times)
CHH (1 time)
1995 Expression and disulfide-bond connectivity of the second ligand-binding repeat of the human LDL receptor.
49  lignocellulosic biomass
(8 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
IL (2 times)
FRET (1 time)
IBP (1 time)
2014 Sequential operation of a hybrid anaerobic reactor using a lignocellulosic biomass as biofilm support.
50  lymphocyte blastogenesis
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
CMI (2 times)
BC (1 time)
Con A (1 time)
1978 Cellular immunity in infectious mononucleosis. II. Specific reactivity to Epstein-Barr Virus antigens and correlation with clinical and hematologic parameters.
51  Lafora bodies
(7 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
LD (4 times)
ASA (1 time)
BB (1 time)
1993 [Polysaccharide bodies: an unusual finding in a case of temporal epilepsy. Review of the literature].
52  laterobasal
(7 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
CM (5 times)
SF (5 times)
fMRI (1 time)
2009 Anatomical specificity of functional amygdala imaging of responses to stimuli with positive and negative emotional valence.
53  Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus
(6 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
ST (5 times)
RP-HPLC (3 times)
LAB (2 times)
2009 Anti-Helicobacter pylori activity of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus strains: preliminary report.
54  late blight
(6 times)
Genome, Plant
(1 time)
CMV (1 time)
EB (1 time)
IP (1 time)
2002 A molecular linkage map of tomato displaying chromosomal locations of resistance gene analogs based on a Lycopersicon esculentum x Lycopersicon hirsutum cross.
55  line blot
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
IIF (2 times)
IP (2 times)
SSc (2 times)
2010 Diagnostic accuracy of different immunological methods for the detection of antineuronal antibodies in paraneoplastic neurological syndromes.
56  Lineweaver-Burk
(6 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AChE (2 times)
XO (2 times)
ABTS (1 time)
2009 Parameterization of red blood cell elongation index--shear stress curves obtained by ektacytometry.
57  live bacteria
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
CE (2 times)
DB (2 times)
FS (2 times)
2001 Nitric oxide production and iNOS mRNA expression in mice induced by repeated stimulation with live Fusobacterium nucleatum.
58  lung biopsy
(6 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
BAL (2 times)
allo-SCT (1 time)
AR (1 time)
1978 [Pulmonary arterial hypertension in disorders of oxygen diffusion].
59  Burkitt's lymphoma
(5 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
EBV (2 times)
IFN (2 times)
CA (1 time)
2001 [Epidemiological aspects of Burkitt's lymphoma in children of Madagascar].
60  Lactobacillus bulgaricus
(5 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
SP (4 times)
AChE (3 times)
ET (3 times)
2014 Therapeutic effect of activated carbon-induced constipation mice with Lactobacillus fermentum Suo on treatment.
61  Langmuir-Blodgett films
(5 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
AFM (2 times)
DMPA (1 time)
DMPE (1 time)
2008 Calcium carbonate particle growth depending on coupling among adjacent layers in hybrid LB/LbL films.
62  lecture-based
(5 times)
Education
(3 times)
ACLS (2 times)
AMEE (1 time)
CB/PB (1 time)
2008 Comparison of student performance after lecture-based and case-based/problem-based teaching in a large group.
63  Letheen Broth
(5 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
CHP (3 times)
BHI (2 times)
ADT (1 time)
2003 A study of the time necessary for calcium hydroxide to eliminate microorganisms in infected canals.
64  light brown
(5 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
DB (5 times)
Wh (3 times)
AmB (1 time)
2000 Phenotypic switching in Candida glabrata involves phase-specific regulation of the metallothionein gene MT-II and the newly discovered hemolysin gene HLP.
65  lobeglitazone
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
AHR (1 time)
AP (1 time)
ATV (1 time)
2015 Kinetics of the Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism, and Excretion of Lobeglitazone, a Novel Activator of Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma in Rats.
66  Loureirin B
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
CD (1 time)
CYP450 (1 time)
DB (1 time)
2013 An HPLC-ESI-MS method for analysis of loureirin A and B in dragon's blood and application in pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution in rats.
67  lymphoblastic lymphoma
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CB (1 time)
CC (1 time)
IB (1 time)
1983 [Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas in the oropharynx in children - a histological study in 11 patients].
68  Lactobacillus buchneri
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
DM (2 times)
AF (1 time)
CHO (1 time)
2009 Clostridia spore formation during aerobic deterioration of maize and sorghum silages as influenced by Lactobacillus buchneri and Lactobacillus plantarum inoculants.
69  Lagenaria breviflora
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AL (1 time)
ALP (1 time)
ASP (1 time)
2011 Anti-ulcerogenic and in vitro antioxidant activities of Lagenaria breviflora (LB) whole fruit ethanolic extract in laboratory animals.
70  lamellar bodies count
(4 times)
Perinatology
(2 times)
FLM (4 times)
AF (2 times)
PG (2 times)
1998 The effect of polyhydramnios and oligohydramnios on fetal lung maturity indexes.
71  Lap-Band
(4 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
SAGB (3 times)
AE (1 time)
AGB (1 time)
2000 [Use of regulated silicone bandage in horizontal gastroplasty in patients with morbid obesity].
72  levodopa/benserazide
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
LC (4 times)
PD (3 times)
OPC (2 times)
2010 Direct switch from levodopa/benserazide or levodopa/carbidopa to levodopa/carbidopa/entacapone in Parkinson's disease patients with wearing-off: efficacy, safety and feasibility--an open-label, 6-week study.
73  Liner Bond II
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
FB (2 times)
SB (2 times)
BW (1 time)
1998 Influence of thermal cycling on dentin bond strength of two-step bonding systems.
74  lip bumper
(4 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
LA (1 time)
RCTs (1 time)
2011 Mandibular lip bumper treatment and second molar eruption disturbances.
75  locust bean
(4 times)
Polysaccharides
(1 time)
CGMP (2 times)
ETEC (2 times)
FI (2 times)
1998 Relationship between swelling, erosion and drug release in hydrophillic natural gum mini-matrix formulations.
76  Lorentz-Berthelot
(4 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
CG (1 time)
FE-12-6 (1 time)
HOV (1 time)
2009 Coarse-grained models for fluids and their mixtures: Comparison of Monte Carlo studies of their phase behavior with perturbation theory and experiment.
77  lying behavior
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
ASD (1 time)
bout_N (1 time)
2009 Spontaneous periictal leaving behavior: a potential lateralizing sign in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy.
78  lysis buffer
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
C. albicans (1 time)
HGF (1 time)
LBT (1 time)
2006 New protein extraction/solubilization protocol for gel-based proteomics of rat (female) whole brain and brain regions.
79  Lactobacillus brevis
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
ADH (1 time)
dpi (1 time)
LP (1 time)
2012 Investigation of asymmetric alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) reduction of acetophenone derivatives: effect of charge density.
80  lapatinib
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
DSC (1 time)
DT (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
2015 Investigation of drug-excipient interactions in lapatinib amorphous solid dispersions using solid-state NMR spectroscopy.
81  laser beam
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CMF (1 time)
DPB (1 time)
1986 [Electron microscopic and morphometric study of bone regeneration as affected by magnetic and laser stimulation].
82  late blindness
(3 times)
Mental Disorders
(1 time)
CAL (2 times)
SCs (2 times)
BA (1 time)
2018 Altered functional connectivity of primary visual cortex in late blindness.
83  late bud
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
EB (3 times)
MB (2 times)
2-FB (1 time)
1976 A staging system for forelimb regeneration in the axolotl, Ambystoma mexicanum.
84  lateral branch
(3 times)
Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
CA (1 time)
FBSTA (1 time)
1970 Evidence for a chromatographic model of olfaction.
85  lauryl betaine
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AOS (1 time)
BC (1 time)
CMC (1 time)
2014 Visualizing oil displacement with foam in a microfluidic device with permeability contrast.
86  leach bed
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
UASB (2 times)
LR (1 time)
1998 Performances of mesophilic anaerobic digestion systems treating poultry mortalities.
87  leaf blade
(3 times)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
EP (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
LA (1 time)
2013 Chemical composition, cell wall features and degradability of stem, leaf blade and sheath in untreated and alkali-treated rice straw.
88  left bundle
(3 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
AV (1 time)
BBR (1 time)
CLBBB (1 time)
2009 Bundle branch re-entry ventricular tachycardia in a patient with myotonic dystrophy.
89  left bundle branch
(3 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
DP (1 time)
DP-V (1 time)
EA site (1 time)
1975 Left ventricular approach for recording His bundle potential in man.
90  leprosy bacilli
(3 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
CAN (1 time)
CANb (1 time)
MDP (1 time)
1989 The inhibitory effects by combined doses of DDS and several immunostimulants on the growth of leprosy bacilli inoculated into footpads of hybrid nude mice, Jcl:AF-nu.
91  Leptomycin B
(3 times)
Virus Diseases
(1 time)
NES (2 times)
BFA (1 time)
DRB (1 time)
2007 Activation and nuclear translocation of ERK in response to ligand-dependent and -independent stimuli in liver and gill cells from rainbow trout.
92  Liang Bua
(3 times)
Biology
(2 times)
ANOSIM (1 time)
ME (1 time)
2008 Are the small human-like fossils found on Flores human endemic cretins?
93  lichen biodiversity
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
--- 2002 Effects of atmospheric pollution on lichen biodiversity (LB) in a Mediterranean region (Liguria, northwest Italy).
94  light backscattering
(3 times)
Eye Diseases
(1 time)
BM (1 time)
BUT (1 time)
CSS (1 time)
2012 Investigation of critical shear stress with simultaneous measurement of electrical impedance, capacitance and light backscattering.
95  likely benign
(3 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
LP (3 times)
VUS (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
2017 Mutational and biochemical findings in adults with persistent hypophosphatasemia.
96  limited bedding
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
ELA (1 time)
ELS (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2018 Amygdala hyper-connectivity in a mouse model of unpredictable early life stress.
97  linear blending
(3 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
CECT (1 time)
CNRs (1 time)
DECT (1 time)
2010 Performance of dual-energy CT with tin filter technology for the discrimination of renal cysts and enhancing masses.
98  Lipoblastoma
(3 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
ML (2 times)
WDL (1 time)
1999 Benign recurring lipoblastoma in an adult versus well differentiated subcutaneous myxoid liposarcoma: clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical and molecular analysis of a unique case.
99  liposomal brucine
(3 times)
Nanomedicine
(1 time)
EE (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
2007 Preparation of liposomal brucine and its pharmaceutical/pharmacodynamic characterization.
100  liquid-based
(3 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
ASCUS (2 times)
CS (1 time)
HR-HPV (1 time)
2001 Should the cytologic diagnosis of "atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance" be qualified? An assessment including comparison between conventional and liquid-based technologies.