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Abbreviation: LC
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
liquid chromatography
(3313 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1931 times)
MS (807 times)
MS/MS (316 times)
GC (205 times)
1974 Application of high pressure liquid chromatography (LC) in studies on modified adenine nucleotides (ANP) in ANP-dependent reactions.
locus coeruleus
(2844 times)
Neurology
(1132 times)
NE (392 times)
TH (283 times)
NA (243 times)
1974 Impariment by 6-hydroxydopamine of locus coeruleus-induced monosynaptic potential in the spinal trigeminal nucleus.
laparoscopic cholecystectomy
(2333 times)
General Surgery
(1478 times)
OC (267 times)
ERCP (201 times)
CBD (192 times)
1990 Percutaneous endoscopic treatment of cholelithiasis.
liver cirrhosis
(1440 times)
Gastroenterology
(429 times)
HCC (664 times)
HBV (223 times)
CH (214 times)
1979 [Fructose tolerance and utilization in healthy and chronically diseased liver].
Langerhans cells
(1369 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(476 times)
DC (259 times)
EC (88 times)
APC (61 times)
1979 Epidermal Langerhans cells are derived from cells originating in bone marrow.
local control
(1141 times)
Neoplasms
(818 times)
OS (723 times)
SBRT (215 times)
PFS (191 times)
1981 A 'watchful waiting' policy for in situ carcinoma of the vocal cords.
liquid crystal
(1031 times)
Ophthalmology
(349 times)
POM (24 times)
ITO (21 times)
BSA (13 times)
1980 Characteristics of liquid crystal devices with improved response times.
lung cancer
(1023 times)
Neoplasms
(376 times)
NSCLC (95 times)
COPD (84 times)
CI (53 times)
1984 Lung cancer in patients with tracheostomy due to cancer of the larynx.
light chain
(559 times)
Biochemistry
(114 times)
HC (180 times)
BoNTs (38 times)
AL (32 times)
1976 Reexamination of the conformation of muscle proteins by optical activity.
10  liquid crystalline
(307 times)
Chemistry
(189 times)
DSC (22 times)
POM (15 times)
SAXS (12 times)
1992 The influence of liquid crystalline phases on drug percutaneous absorption. II. Permeation studies through excised human skin.
11  lamina cribrosa
(299 times)
Ophthalmology
(208 times)
ONH (81 times)
IOP (62 times)
OCT (55 times)
1992 [Primary open angle glaucoma and low tension glaucoma--pathogenesis and mechanism of optic nerve damage].
12  L-carnitine
(289 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(37 times)
ALC (25 times)
MDA (20 times)
PLC (18 times)
1985 Effects of L-carnitine loading on the aerobic and anaerobic performance of endurance athletes.
13  long-chain
(161 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(75 times)
PUFA (42 times)
PUFAs (21 times)
DHA (20 times)
1983 Cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum function in insulin- or carnitine-treated diabetic rats.
14  lymphocytic colitis
(129 times)
Gastroenterology
(77 times)
CC (94 times)
MC (71 times)
UC (11 times)
1994 The use of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression and intraepithelial lymphocyte count in the differential diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease.
15  liquid-condensed
(108 times)
Chemistry
(62 times)
LE (89 times)
DPPC (34 times)
BAM (23 times)
1985 Mixed monolayers of straight-chain/branched-chain phospholipids. I. Mixed monolayers of distearoyl phosphatidylcholine and diisoeicosanoyl phosphatidylcholine.
16  Leydig cells
(104 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(25 times)
SC (21 times)
EDS (16 times)
LH (9 times)
1975 Hormonal activity of testes in aged rats with leydig cell hyperplasia: histochemical investigation of some hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases.
17  loading capacity
(88 times)
Chemistry
(17 times)
EE (59 times)
SEM (12 times)
DSC (9 times)
2004 pH dependent hydrolysis and drug release behavior of chitosan/poly(ethylene glycol) polymer network microspheres.
18  low-carbohydrate
(77 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(30 times)
HC (26 times)
LF (21 times)
HF (4 times)
1979 High-carbohydrate diets and insulin-dependent diabetics.
19  laryngeal cancer
(76 times)
Neoplasms
(30 times)
HNC (9 times)
CI (6 times)
OCC (6 times)
1990 [Relation between air pollution and laryngeal cancer in Liaoning].
20  lethal concentration
(75 times)
Parasitology
(24 times)
RR (6 times)
LT (4 times)
Cd (3 times)
1976 [The appearance of surface-active phospholipids of the surfactant-system of the lung during ontogenetic development of humans (author's transl)].
21  lanthanum carbonate
(69 times)
Nephrology
(28 times)
CC (17 times)
SH (13 times)
HD (11 times)
2003 A multicenter study on the effects of lanthanum carbonate (Fosrenol) and calcium carbonate on renal bone disease in dialysis patients.
22  learning curve
(66 times)
General Surgery
(26 times)
CUSUM (13 times)
OT (9 times)
EBL (6 times)
2005 Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy: prospective evaluation of the learning curve.
23  long-range corrected
(66 times)
Chemistry
(63 times)
DFT (26 times)
TDDFT (10 times)
CT (5 times)
2004 A long-range-corrected time-dependent density functional theory.
24  leptomeningeal carcinomatosis
(61 times)
Neoplasms
(23 times)
CSF (17 times)
CNS (6 times)
WBRT (6 times)
1989 [Leptomeningeal carcinomatosis as the primary manifestation of a carcinoma of probable renal origin].
25  ligand-centered
(56 times)
Chemistry
(51 times)
MLCT (32 times)
DFT (8 times)
MC (5 times)
2001 Novel dinuclear luminescent compounds based on iridium(III) cyclometalated chromophores and containing bridging ligands with ester-linked chelating sites.
26  liver cancer
(56 times)
Neoplasms
(18 times)
OS (4 times)
APC (3 times)
CI (3 times)
1989 Immunoanalytical detection of O4-ethylthymine in liver DNA of individuals with or without malignant tumors.
27  laparoscopic
(54 times)
General Surgery
(40 times)
OC (30 times)
LOS (5 times)
RC (4 times)
1996 Conversion of laparoscopic to open cholecystectomy. An analysis of risk factors.
28  Leukemia cutis
(53 times)
Dermatology
(30 times)
AML (15 times)
MDS (4 times)
MS (4 times)
1993 Leukemia cutis. Analysis of 50 biopsy-proven cases with an emphasis on occurrence in myelodysplastic syndromes.
29  locoregional control
(47 times)
Neoplasms
(37 times)
OS (42 times)
PFS (14 times)
CRT (9 times)
2002 Analysis of prognostic factors for T(1)N(0)M(0) glottic cancer treated with definitive radiotherapy alone: experience of the cancer hospital of Peking Union Medical College and the Chinese Academy Of Medical Sciences.
30  Lymphangioma circumscriptum
(42 times)
Dermatology
(20 times)
BRIT (1 time)
FEP (1 time)
KTS (1 time)
1985 Successful control of lymphangioma circumscriptum by superficial X-rays.
31  LightCycler
(41 times)
Microbiology
(14 times)
CSF (4 times)
PCR (3 times)
RT-PCR (3 times)
2000 Detection of Herpes simplex virus DNA by real-time PCR.
32  low complexity
(41 times)
Cell Biology
(13 times)
LLPS (5 times)
CTD (4 times)
FUS (4 times)
2003 The low complexity proteins from enteric pathogenic bacteria: taxonomic parallels embedded in diversity.
33  lung contusion
(41 times)
General Surgery
(11 times)
BM (14 times)
HS (13 times)
HPC (7 times)
1990 Mortality prognostic factors in chest injury.
34  lumped constant
(40 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(14 times)
FDG (9 times)
2-DG (6 times)
DG (4 times)
1982 Kinetics of regional blood-brain barrier transport and brain phosphorylation of glucose and 2-deoxyglucose the barbiturate-anesthetized rat.
35  lymphocyte
(40 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
MC (5 times)
EC (4 times)
PLND (3 times)
1981 Determinants of susceptibility and resistance to feline leukemia virus infection. II. Susceptibility of feline lymphocytes to productive feline leukemia virus infection.
36  latent class
(38 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
LCA (4 times)
DCE (3 times)
GMPL (2 times)
1993 A study of hospital admissions over time, using longitudinal latent structure analysis.
37  lymphocyte count
(38 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
NC (8 times)
CRP (5 times)
NLR (5 times)
1990 Upper-normal prediction limits of lymphocyte counts for cattle not infected with bovine leukemia virus.
38  left circumflex
(37 times)
Cardiology
(25 times)
LAD (28 times)
AMI (5 times)
LV (4 times)
1975 Coronary hemodynamics during positive (+G-z) acceleration.
39  Lactobacillus casei
(33 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
SM (6 times)
EC (3 times)
EHEC (3 times)
1988 Host-mediated antiviral activity of Lactobacillus casei against cytomegalovirus infection in mice.
40  low calorie
(33 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
HC (20 times)
BOLD (4 times)
DLPFC (3 times)
1976 The effect of pyrithioxine and pyridoxine on individual behavior, social interactions, and learning in rats malnourished in early postnatal life.
41  laryngeal carcinoma
(29 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
OS (5 times)
SNPs (3 times)
TL (3 times)
1990 [Nuclear DNA content and morphological parameters in laryngeal papillomas and carcinomas].
42  local control rate
(29 times)
Neoplasms
(18 times)
OS (25 times)
PFS (6 times)
SBRT (6 times)
1998 Impact of the extent of parametrial involvement in patients with carcinoma of the uterine cervix.
43  lateral compression
(28 times)
Traumatology
(16 times)
APC (15 times)
VS (9 times)
ISS (4 times)
1981 Surgical constriction of the pulmonary artery. A new experimental technique.
44  light-cured
(27 times)
Dentistry
(20 times)
CC (7 times)
DC (7 times)
SC (3 times)
2001 A comparison of retention rates of brackets with thermally-cured and light-cured custom bases in indirect bonding procedures.
45  large colony
(25 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
SC (16 times)
CBPP (5 times)
CCPP (1 time)
1978 Subdivision of Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides from cattle and goats into two types.
46  lung carcinoma
(25 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
HD (2 times)
NSCLC (2 times)
TB (2 times)
1980 Suppressor cells in Hodgkin's disease and lung carcinoma.
47  leg curl
(24 times)
Exercise
(12 times)
LE (19 times)
LP (14 times)
BP (9 times)
1992 Growth hormone, IGF-I, and testosterone responses to resistive exercise.
48  low-concentrate
(24 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
HC (21 times)
LPS (4 times)
MC (3 times)
2007 Effect of amount of concentrate offered in automatic milking systems on milking frequency, feeding behavior, and milk production of dairy cattle consuming high amounts of corn silage.
49  lambda-cyhalothrin
(23 times)
Toxicology
(8 times)
CAT (4 times)
GST (4 times)
SOD (4 times)
2006 [Isolation of lambda-cyhalothrin from biological material].
50  lengthening contractions
(22 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
DOMS (9 times)
NGF (7 times)
COX (3 times)
1998 Acute and sustained effects of isometric and lengthening muscle contractions on high-energy phosphates and glycogen metabolism in rat tibialis anterior muscle.
51  lumichrome
(22 times)
Biology
(10 times)
RF (12 times)
LF (10 times)
CDRF (6 times)
1989 Ultraviolet radiation-induced photodegradation and 1O2, O2-. production by riboflavin, lumichrome and lumiflavin.
52  lab chow
(21 times)
Toxicology
(5 times)
EDC (5 times)
BM (4 times)
HF (4 times)
1976 Neurochemical and behavioral effects of diet related perinatal folic acid restriction.
53  leukocyte count
(21 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
CRP (6 times)
ESR (3 times)
Hb (3 times)
1989 Joint size influence on the leucocyte count of inflammatory synovial fluids.
54  local tumor control
(21 times)
Neoplasms
(17 times)
OS (9 times)
SBRT (5 times)
NSCLC (4 times)
1993 Radiation therapy for prostate cancer. Long-term results and implications for future advances.
55  lean control
(20 times)
Metabolism
(4 times)
BMI (4 times)
OC (4 times)
DM (2 times)
1994 Evidence for a defect in insulin metabolism in hyperandrogenic women with polycystic ovarian syndrome.
56  lidocaine
(20 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
DSC (3 times)
HPC (3 times)
PSA (3 times)
1991 Characteristics of electrocardiographic changes with some representative antiarrhythmic drugs in adult rats.
57  Lymphomatosis cerebri
(20 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
PCNSL (9 times)
MRI (6 times)
CSF (2 times)
2008 [Lymphomatosis cerebri as the cause of leukoencephalopathy].
58  L-cysteine
(19 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
AA (2 times)
CSE (2 times)
HG (2 times)
1996 The effect of L-cysteine and N-acetylcysteine on porphyrin/heme biosynthetic pathway in cells treated with 5-aminolevulinic acid and exposed to radiation.
59  low contrast
(18 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
HC (10 times)
VA (5 times)
BCVA (2 times)
1993 Visual losses in early age-related maculopathy.
60  lactate clearance
(17 times)
Emergency Medicine
(3 times)
CI (3 times)
OR (2 times)
PI (2 times)
2012 Prognostic value and agreement of achieving lactate clearance or central venous oxygen saturation goals during early sepsis resuscitation.
61  lateral column
(17 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
DC (5 times)
CST (4 times)
DA (4 times)
1976 Habituation of a monosynaptic response in frog spinal cord: evidence for a presynaptic mechanism.
62  Lysine clonixinate
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
INDO (7 times)
NSAIDS (6 times)
NSAID (4 times)
1993 Lysine clonixinate in minor dental surgery: double-blind randomized parallel study versus paracetamol.
63  large cell
(16 times)
Pathology
(6 times)
SC (7 times)
NHL (3 times)
EFS (2 times)
1983 In vitro radiation and chemotherapy sensitivity of established cell lines of human small cell lung cancer and its large cell morphological variants.
64  liposomal clodronate
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
TNF-alpha (2 times)
AIHA (1 time)
AKI (1 time)
2002 Macrophage depletion by clodronate-containing liposomes reduces neointimal formation after balloon injury in rats and rabbits.
65  lactation consultant
(15 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
RCTs (3 times)
BF (2 times)
NICU (2 times)
1993 The use of nipple shields by breastfeeding women.
66  lateral compaction
(15 times)
Dentistry
(13 times)
SC (7 times)
GF (2 times)
GP (2 times)
2003 Fluid movement along the coronal two-thirds of root fillings placed by three different gutta-percha techniques.
67  lignocellulose
(15 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
IL (2 times)
SEM (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1995 Acid-precipitable polymeric lignin from hardwood lignocellulose: production by a Streptomyces sp.
68  locus of control
(15 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
SE (2 times)
AHM (1 time)
ASE (1 time)
1978 Opiate addiction: a study identifying three systematically related psychological correlates.
69  land cover
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
LU (3 times)
EO (2 times)
LCC (2 times)
2008 Post-classification comparison of land cover using multitemporal Landsat and ASTER imagery: the case of Kahramanmaras, Turkey.
70  Ligusticum chuanxiong
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
AS (3 times)
AA (2 times)
EAAs (2 times)
1992 [Effects of Chinese materia medica in activating blood and stimulating menstrual flow on the endocrine function of ovary-uterus and its mechanisms].
71  load carriage
(14 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
CE (3 times)
CON (2 times)
CB (1 time)
2004 Development and assessment of the Canadian personal load carriage system using objective biomechanical measures.
72  longus colli
(14 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
MF (4 times)
CSA (3 times)
SM (3 times)
1994 Longus colli has a postural function on cervical curvature.
73  Least Concern
(13 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
CR (4 times)
EN (4 times)
VU (4 times)
2017 The complete chloroplast genome of Mentha spicata, an endangered species native to South Europe.
74  loading content
(13 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
EE (11 times)
DOX (2 times)
DSC (2 times)
2009 Novel biodegradable polylactide/poly(ethylene glycol) micelles prepared by direct dissolution method for controlled delivery of anticancer drugs.
75  lactacystin
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
AIF (1 time)
ALLN (1 time)
ALLnL (1 time)
1996 Proteasome-dependent regulation of p21WAF1/CIP1 expression.
76  lateral canal
(12 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
BPPV (2 times)
PC (2 times)
AG (1 time)
1990 An anatomical study on the distribution of the temporal branch of the facial nerve.
77  low cholesterol
(12 times)
Vascular Diseases
(6 times)
HC (11 times)
CETP (2 times)
apo (1 time)
1993 Cholesteryl ester transfer protein and high density lipoprotein responses to cholesterol feeding in men: relationship to apolipoprotein E genotype.
78  low concentration
(12 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
HC (9 times)
4-APh (1 time)
4-NPh (1 time)
2001 Relaxing and contracting activities of heartworm extract on isolated canine abdominal aorta.
79  lumpectomy cavity
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
CT (6 times)
CI (3 times)
CVS (3 times)
2008 Comparison of FDG-PET/CT and CT for delineation of lumpectomy cavity for partial breast irradiation.
80  lateral condensation
(11 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
CW (2 times)
SC (2 times)
WL (2 times)
1997 Analysis of forces developed during obturations. Comparison of three gutta-percha techniques.
81  left circumflex coronary artery
(11 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
LAD (6 times)
CBF (2 times)
LV (2 times)
1975 [Effect of intraaortic-ballon-counterpulsation on the changes of myocardial blood flow following coronary artery stenosis and occlusion (author's transl)].
82  lens capsule
(11 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
AFM (2 times)
BMs (2 times)
DM (2 times)
1989 Development and characterization of the lens capsule of mouse embryos (day 12 to day 19 of gestation).
83  leukocyte common
(11 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
ALS (2 times)
GL (1 time)
GMG (1 time)
1980 Immunosuppressive properties of rabbit antibodies against a major glycoprotein restricted to rat leukocyte membranes.
84  levodopa/carbidopa
(11 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
LCE (8 times)
PD (8 times)
LB (4 times)
2008 Should levodopa dose be reduced when switched to stalevo?
85  life-cycle
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
ENMs (2 times)
GHG (2 times)
NEPs (2 times)
2011 Life cycle assessment of a parabolic trough concentrating solar power plant and the impacts of key design alternatives.
86  Ligneous conjunctivitis
(11 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
FFP (2 times)
IgA (1 time)
IgG (1 time)
1996 Ligneous conjunctivitis in four Doberman pinschers.
87  local
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
OS (9 times)
DC (3 times)
IMRT (3 times)
2011 Stereotactic radiosurgery to the resection cavity of brain metastases: a retrospective analysis and literature review.
88  low-carbohydrate diet
(11 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
HC (5 times)
HF (3 times)
NC (2 times)
1981 A high carbohydrate leguminous fibre diet improves all aspects of diabetic control.
89  lung compliance
(11 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
EVLP (3 times)
HC (3 times)
PVR (3 times)
1986 Cardiogenic oscillation and phase III caused by pressure-volume heterogeneity: a model.
90  Lake Casitas
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
MuLV (3 times)
MuMTV (2 times)
BC (1 time)
1976 Type C virus expression in lymphoma-paralysis-prone wild mice.
91  large cell carcinomas
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
NSCLC (7 times)
SQ (5 times)
AD (4 times)
1983 Frequency of brain metastasis in adenocarcinoma and large cell carcinoma of the lung: correlation with survival.
92  left colectomy
(10 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
RC (6 times)
ERC (2 times)
aOR (1 time)
2007 Electrothermal bipolar vessel sealing device vs. ultrasonic coagulating shears in laparoscopic colectomies: a comparative study.
93  lesser curvature
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
GC (4 times)
AS (2 times)
CI (2 times)
1989 Treatment of gastric ulcers in horses with histamine type 2 receptor antagonists.
94  linear combination
(10 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
XANES (3 times)
BOLD fMRI (1 time)
CGM (1 time)
2001 Preliminary evidence for neuronal damage in cortical grey matter and normal appearing white matter in short duration relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis: a quantitative MR spectroscopic imaging study.
95  low-carbon
(10 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
HC (5 times)
BAU (2 times)
CA (1 time)
2004 Qualitative and quantitative determination of micro-inclusions by automated SEM/EDX analysis.
96  lysophosphatidylcholine
(10 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(8 times)
AR (2 times)
AA (1 time)
ARs (1 time)
1984 Effects of phospholipase A2, lysophosphatidyl choline, and fatty acid on the acrosome reaction of human spermatozoa.
97  Langerhans-type dendritic cells
(9 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
CMV (2 times)
GM (2 times)
iLC (2 times)
1985 Relative efficiency of human Langerhans' cells and blood derived dendritic cells as antigen-presenting cells.
98  learning collaborative
(9 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
ASD (1 time)
CERs (1 time)
CM (1 time)
2010 Improving the prevention, early recognition, and treatment of pediatric obesity by primary care physicians.
99  left coronary
(9 times)
Anatomy
(3 times)
RC (8 times)
NC (4 times)
SJ (2 times)
1998 Variant of the left coronary artery with an unusual origin and course: anatomic and postmortem angiographic findings.
100  lithium carbonate
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
ALP (2 times)
AD (1 time)
BUN (1 time)
1975 The effect of prolonged lithium carbonate administration on the thyrotrophin and prolactin response to thyrotrophin-releasing hormone.