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Abbreviation: LC
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
liquid chromatography
(3148 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1876 times)
MS (748 times)
MS/MS (297 times)
GC (187 times)
1974 Application of high pressure liquid chromatography (LC) in studies on modified adenine nucleotides (ANP) in ANP-dependent reactions.
locus coeruleus
(2707 times)
Neurology
(1076 times)
NE (363 times)
TH (276 times)
NA (231 times)
1974 Impariment by 6-hydroxydopamine of locus coeruleus-induced monosynaptic potential in the spinal trigeminal nucleus.
laparoscopic cholecystectomy
(2180 times)
General Surgery
(1405 times)
OC (257 times)
ERCP (188 times)
CBD (178 times)
1990 Percutaneous endoscopic treatment of cholelithiasis.
Langerhans cells
(1361 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(475 times)
DC (256 times)
EC (88 times)
APC (61 times)
1979 Epidermal Langerhans cells are derived from cells originating in bone marrow.
liver cirrhosis
(1335 times)
Gastroenterology
(414 times)
HCC (618 times)
CH (207 times)
HBV (204 times)
1979 [Fructose tolerance and utilization in healthy and chronically diseased liver].
local control
(962 times)
Neoplasms
(692 times)
OS (605 times)
SBRT (164 times)
DFS (155 times)
1981 A 'watchful waiting' policy for in situ carcinoma of the vocal cords.
liquid crystal
(922 times)
Ophthalmology
(330 times)
POM (19 times)
ITO (17 times)
BSA (10 times)
1980 Characteristics of liquid crystal devices with improved response times.
lung cancer
(821 times)
Neoplasms
(315 times)
NSCLC (74 times)
COPD (73 times)
CI (46 times)
1984 Lung cancer in patients with tracheostomy due to cancer of the larynx.
light chain
(531 times)
Biochemistry
(112 times)
HC (173 times)
BoNTs (38 times)
AL (28 times)
1976 Reexamination of the conformation of muscle proteins by optical activity.
10  liquid crystalline
(287 times)
Chemistry
(178 times)
DSC (21 times)
POM (13 times)
SAXS (11 times)
1992 The influence of liquid crystalline phases on drug percutaneous absorption. II. Permeation studies through excised human skin.
11  lamina cribrosa
(258 times)
Ophthalmology
(186 times)
ONH (71 times)
IOP (53 times)
OCT (50 times)
1992 [Primary open angle glaucoma and low tension glaucoma--pathogenesis and mechanism of optic nerve damage].
12  L-carnitine
(244 times)
Pharmacology
(31 times)
ALC (23 times)
PLC (17 times)
MDA (16 times)
1985 Effects of L-carnitine loading on the aerobic and anaerobic performance of endurance athletes.
13  long-chain
(147 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(72 times)
PUFA (40 times)
PUFAs (17 times)
DHA (16 times)
1983 Cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum function in insulin- or carnitine-treated diabetic rats.
14  lymphocytic colitis
(115 times)
Gastroenterology
(72 times)
CC (83 times)
MC (61 times)
UC (11 times)
1994 The use of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression and intraepithelial lymphocyte count in the differential diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease.
15  liquid-condensed
(106 times)
Chemistry
(61 times)
LE (88 times)
DPPC (33 times)
BAM (23 times)
1985 Mixed monolayers of straight-chain/branched-chain phospholipids. I. Mixed monolayers of distearoyl phosphatidylcholine and diisoeicosanoyl phosphatidylcholine.
16  Leydig cells
(99 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(24 times)
SC (21 times)
EDS (15 times)
AR (8 times)
1975 Hormonal activity of testes in aged rats with leydig cell hyperplasia: histochemical investigation of some hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases.
17  low-carbohydrate
(72 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(29 times)
HC (25 times)
LF (20 times)
HF (4 times)
1979 High-carbohydrate diets and insulin-dependent diabetics.
18  loading capacity
(68 times)
Chemistry
(15 times)
EE (46 times)
SEM (11 times)
FTIR (9 times)
2001 pH dependent hydrolysis and drug release behavior of chitosan/poly(ethylene glycol) polymer network microspheres.
19  lethal concentration
(66 times)
Parasitology
(22 times)
RR (6 times)
LT (4 times)
Cd (3 times)
1976 [The appearance of surface-active phospholipids of the surfactant-system of the lung during ontogenetic development of humans (author's transl)].
20  lanthanum carbonate
(65 times)
Nephrology
(27 times)
CC (16 times)
SH (13 times)
HD (11 times)
2003 A multicenter study on the effects of lanthanum carbonate (Fosrenol) and calcium carbonate on renal bone disease in dialysis patients.
21  laryngeal cancer
(60 times)
Neoplasms
(26 times)
HNC (9 times)
CI (6 times)
OCC (6 times)
1990 [Relation between air pollution and laryngeal cancer in Liaoning].
22  long-range corrected
(58 times)
Chemistry
(55 times)
DFT (24 times)
TDDFT (10 times)
IPs (5 times)
2004 A long-range-corrected time-dependent density functional theory.
23  leptomeningeal carcinomatosis
(56 times)
Neoplasms
(21 times)
CSF (16 times)
CNS (6 times)
WBRT (6 times)
1989 [Leptomeningeal carcinomatosis as the primary manifestation of a carcinoma of probable renal origin].
24  ligand-centered
(55 times)
Chemistry
(50 times)
MLCT (31 times)
DFT (8 times)
MC (4 times)
1997 Luminescent and Redox-Active Iridium(III)-Cyclometalated Compounds with Terdentate Ligands.
25  learning curve
(54 times)
General Surgery
(24 times)
CUSUM (9 times)
OT (7 times)
CRS (4 times)
2005 Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy: prospective evaluation of the learning curve.
26  laparoscopic
(51 times)
General Surgery
(39 times)
OC (28 times)
LOS (4 times)
AC (3 times)
1996 Conversion of laparoscopic to open cholecystectomy. An analysis of risk factors.
27  Leukemia cutis
(46 times)
Dermatology
(27 times)
AML (13 times)
MDS (4 times)
ALL (3 times)
1993 Leukemia cutis. Analysis of 50 biopsy-proven cases with an emphasis on occurrence in myelodysplastic syndromes.
28  lung contusion
(41 times)
General Surgery
(10 times)
BM (13 times)
HS (13 times)
HPC (8 times)
1990 Mortality prognostic factors in chest injury.
29  LightCycler
(40 times)
Microbiology
(14 times)
CSF (4 times)
PCR (3 times)
RT-PCR (3 times)
2000 Detection of Herpes simplex virus DNA by real-time PCR.
30  lumped constant
(40 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(14 times)
FDG (9 times)
2-DG (6 times)
DG (4 times)
1982 Kinetics of regional blood-brain barrier transport and brain phosphorylation of glucose and 2-deoxyglucose the barbiturate-anesthetized rat.
31  locoregional control
(39 times)
Neoplasms
(31 times)
OS (35 times)
PFS (11 times)
CRT (7 times)
2002 Analysis of prognostic factors for T(1)N(0)M(0) glottic cancer treated with definitive radiotherapy alone: experience of the cancer hospital of Peking Union Medical College and the Chinese Academy Of Medical Sciences.
32  liver cancer
(38 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
LCSCs (3 times)
AAIRs (2 times)
CI (2 times)
1989 Immunoanalytical detection of O4-ethylthymine in liver DNA of individuals with or without malignant tumors.
33  Lymphangioma circumscriptum
(38 times)
Dermatology
(18 times)
BRIT (1 time)
FEP (1 time)
KTS (1 time)
1985 Successful control of lymphangioma circumscriptum by superficial X-rays.
34  left circumflex
(36 times)
Cardiology
(24 times)
LAD (27 times)
AMI (5 times)
LV (4 times)
1975 Coronary hemodynamics during positive (+G-z) acceleration.
35  lymphocyte count
(36 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
NC (7 times)
NLR (4 times)
TLC (4 times)
1990 Upper-normal prediction limits of lymphocyte counts for cattle not infected with bovine leukemia virus.
36  lymphocytes
(36 times)
Urology
(4 times)
MC (5 times)
EC (4 times)
PLND (3 times)
1982 Cell-mediated cytotoxicity to non-MHC alloantigens on mouse epidermal cells. VI. Influence of the MHC on the tissue specificity of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte responses.
37  low-complexity
(33 times)
Cell Biology
(13 times)
CTD (4 times)
FUS (3 times)
LLPS (3 times)
2003 The low complexity proteins from enteric pathogenic bacteria: taxonomic parallels embedded in diversity.
38  Lactobacillus casei
(31 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
SM (4 times)
EC (3 times)
EHEC (3 times)
1988 Host-mediated antiviral activity of Lactobacillus casei against cytomegalovirus infection in mice.
39  latent class
(30 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
LCA (3 times)
PQ-B (2 times)
AHEI (1 time)
1993 A study of hospital admissions over time, using longitudinal latent structure analysis.
40  low calorie
(30 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(4 times)
HC (19 times)
BOLD (4 times)
DLPFC (3 times)
1976 The effect of pyrithioxine and pyridoxine on individual behavior, social interactions, and learning in rats malnourished in early postnatal life.
41  large colony
(25 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
SC (16 times)
CBPP (5 times)
CCPP (1 time)
1978 Subdivision of Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides from cattle and goats into two types.
42  laryngeal carcinoma
(25 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
OS (4 times)
SNPs (3 times)
DFS (2 times)
1990 [Nuclear DNA content and morphological parameters in laryngeal papillomas and carcinomas].
43  lung carcinoma
(25 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
CDR3 (2 times)
HD (2 times)
NSCLC (2 times)
1980 Suppressor cells in Hodgkin's disease and lung carcinoma.
44  light-cured
(24 times)
Dentistry
(17 times)
CC (7 times)
DC (6 times)
ACP (2 times)
2000 A comparison of retention rates of brackets with thermally-cured and light-cured custom bases in indirect bonding procedures.
45  local control rate
(24 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
OS (21 times)
DFS (5 times)
SBRT (4 times)
1998 Impact of the extent of parametrial involvement in patients with carcinoma of the uterine cervix.
46  lateral compression
(23 times)
Traumatology
(14 times)
APC (11 times)
VS (6 times)
ISS (3 times)
1981 Surgical constriction of the pulmonary artery. A new experimental technique.
47  low-concentrate
(23 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
HC (20 times)
LPS (4 times)
MC (3 times)
2007 Effect of amount of concentrate offered in automatic milking systems on milking frequency, feeding behavior, and milk production of dairy cattle consuming high amounts of corn silage.
48  lambda-cyhalothrin
(22 times)
Toxicology
(8 times)
CAT (4 times)
GST (4 times)
SOD (4 times)
2006 [Isolation of lambda-cyhalothrin from biological material].
49  leg curl
(22 times)
Exercise
(12 times)
LE (18 times)
LP (13 times)
BP (9 times)
1992 Growth hormone, IGF-I, and testosterone responses to resistive exercise.
50  lengthening contractions
(21 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
DOMS (8 times)
NGF (7 times)
COX (3 times)
1998 Acute and sustained effects of isometric and lengthening muscle contractions on high-energy phosphates and glycogen metabolism in rat tibialis anterior muscle.
51  lumichrome
(21 times)
Biology
(10 times)
RF (11 times)
LF (10 times)
CDRF (6 times)
1989 Ultraviolet radiation-induced photodegradation and 1O2, O2-. production by riboflavin, lumichrome and lumiflavin.
52  lab chow
(20 times)
Toxicology
(5 times)
EDC (5 times)
BM (4 times)
PF (4 times)
1976 Neurochemical and behavioral effects of diet related perinatal folic acid restriction.
53  lean control
(20 times)
Metabolism
(4 times)
BMI (4 times)
OC (4 times)
DM (2 times)
1994 Evidence for a defect in insulin metabolism in hyperandrogenic women with polycystic ovarian syndrome.
54  lidocaine
(20 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
DSC (3 times)
HPC (3 times)
PSA (3 times)
1991 Characteristics of electrocardiographic changes with some representative antiarrhythmic drugs in adult rats.
55  leukocyte count
(19 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
CRP (6 times)
ESR (3 times)
Hb (3 times)
1989 Joint size influence on the leucocyte count of inflammatory synovial fluids.
56  local tumor control
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(16 times)
OS (8 times)
NSCLC (4 times)
RT (4 times)
1993 Radiation therapy for prostate cancer. Long-term results and implications for future advances.
57  L-cysteine
(17 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
AA (2 times)
CSE (2 times)
HG (2 times)
1996 The effect of L-cysteine and N-acetylcysteine on porphyrin/heme biosynthetic pathway in cells treated with 5-aminolevulinic acid and exposed to radiation.
58  low contrast
(17 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
HC (9 times)
VA (5 times)
CT (2 times)
1993 Visual losses in early age-related maculopathy.
59  Lysine clonixinate
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
INDO (7 times)
NSAIDS (6 times)
NSAID (4 times)
1993 Lysine clonixinate in minor dental surgery: double-blind randomized parallel study versus paracetamol.
60  lactate clearance
(16 times)
Critical Care
(3 times)
CI (3 times)
OR (2 times)
PI (2 times)
2012 Prognostic value and agreement of achieving lactate clearance or central venous oxygen saturation goals during early sepsis resuscitation.
61  lateral column
(16 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
CST (4 times)
DA (4 times)
DC (4 times)
1976 Habituation of a monosynaptic response in frog spinal cord: evidence for a presynaptic mechanism.
62  Lymphomatosis cerebri
(16 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
PCNSL (7 times)
MRI (4 times)
CSF (2 times)
2008 [Lymphomatosis cerebri as the cause of leukoencephalopathy].
63  lactation consultant
(15 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
RCTs (3 times)
BF (2 times)
NICU (2 times)
1993 The use of nipple shields by breastfeeding women.
64  large cell
(15 times)
Pathology
(6 times)
SC (6 times)
NHL (3 times)
EFS (2 times)
1983 In vitro radiation and chemotherapy sensitivity of established cell lines of human small cell lung cancer and its large cell morphological variants.
65  lateral compaction
(15 times)
Dentistry
(13 times)
SC (7 times)
GF (2 times)
GP (2 times)
2003 Fluid movement along the coronal two-thirds of root fillings placed by three different gutta-percha techniques.
66  liposomal clodronate
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
TNF-alpha (2 times)
AIHA (1 time)
AKI (1 time)
2002 Macrophage depletion by clodronate-containing liposomes reduces neointimal formation after balloon injury in rats and rabbits.
67  load carriage
(14 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
CE (3 times)
CON (2 times)
CB (1 time)
2004 Development and assessment of the Canadian personal load carriage system using objective biomechanical measures.
68  locus of control
(14 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
SE (2 times)
AT (1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
1978 Opiate addiction: a study identifying three systematically related psychological correlates.
69  Ligusticum chuanxiong
(13 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
AS (3 times)
AA (2 times)
EAAs (2 times)
1992 [Effects of Chinese materia medica in activating blood and stimulating menstrual flow on the endocrine function of ovary-uterus and its mechanisms].
70  lactacystin
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
AIF (1 time)
ALLN (1 time)
ALLnL (1 time)
1996 Proteasome-dependent regulation of p21WAF1/CIP1 expression.
71  longus colli
(12 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
CSA (3 times)
MF (3 times)
SM (3 times)
1994 Longus colli has a postural function on cervical curvature.
72  low cholesterol
(12 times)
Vascular Diseases
(6 times)
HC (11 times)
CETP (2 times)
apo (1 time)
1993 Cholesteryl ester transfer protein and high density lipoprotein responses to cholesterol feeding in men: relationship to apolipoprotein E genotype.
73  lumpectomy cavity
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
CT (6 times)
CI (3 times)
CVS (3 times)
2008 Comparison of FDG-PET/CT and CT for delineation of lumpectomy cavity for partial breast irradiation.
74  land cover
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
LCC (2 times)
AVHRR (1 time)
BYM (1 time)
2009 Post-classification comparison of land cover using multitemporal Landsat and ASTER imagery: the case of Kahramanmaras, Turkey.
75  lateral canal
(11 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
BPPV (2 times)
PC (2 times)
AG (1 time)
1990 An anatomical study on the distribution of the temporal branch of the facial nerve.
76  lateral condensation
(11 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
CW (2 times)
SC (2 times)
WL (2 times)
1997 Analysis of forces developed during obturations. Comparison of three gutta-percha techniques.
77  left circumflex coronary artery
(11 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
LAD (6 times)
CBF (2 times)
LV (2 times)
1975 [Effect of intraaortic-ballon-counterpulsation on the changes of myocardial blood flow following coronary artery stenosis and occlusion (author's transl)].
78  leukocyte common
(11 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
ALS (2 times)
GL (1 time)
GMG (1 time)
1980 Immunosuppressive properties of rabbit antibodies against a major glycoprotein restricted to rat leukocyte membranes.
79  life-cycle
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
ENMs (2 times)
GHG (2 times)
NEPs (2 times)
2011 Life cycle assessment of a parabolic trough concentrating solar power plant and the impacts of key design alternatives.
80  lignocellulose
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
AC (1 time)
CNCs (1 time)
DCM (1 time)
1995 Acid-precipitable polymeric lignin from hardwood lignocellulose: production by a Streptomyces sp.
81  loading content
(11 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
EE (9 times)
DSC (2 times)
FT-IR (2 times)
2009 Novel biodegradable polylactide/poly(ethylene glycol) micelles prepared by direct dissolution method for controlled delivery of anticancer drugs.
82  lung compliance
(11 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
EVLP (3 times)
HC (3 times)
PVR (3 times)
1986 Cardiogenic oscillation and phase III caused by pressure-volume heterogeneity: a model.
83  Lake Casitas
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
MuLV (3 times)
MuMTV (2 times)
BC (1 time)
1976 Type C virus expression in lymphoma-paralysis-prone wild mice.
84  large cell carcinomas
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
NSCLC (7 times)
SQ (5 times)
AD (4 times)
1983 Frequency of brain metastasis in adenocarcinoma and large cell carcinoma of the lung: correlation with survival.
85  levodopa/carbidopa
(10 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
LCE (8 times)
PD (7 times)
LB (4 times)
2008 Should levodopa dose be reduced when switched to stalevo?
86  Ligneous conjunctivitis
(10 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
FFP (1 time)
IgA (1 time)
IgG (1 time)
1996 Ligneous conjunctivitis in four Doberman pinschers.
87  linear combination
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
XANES (3 times)
BOLD fMRI (1 time)
CGM (1 time)
2001 Preliminary evidence for neuronal damage in cortical grey matter and normal appearing white matter in short duration relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis: a quantitative MR spectroscopic imaging study.
88  local
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
OS (9 times)
DC (3 times)
IMRT (3 times)
2011 Stereotactic radiosurgery to the resection cavity of brain metastases: a retrospective analysis and literature review.
89  low-concentration
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
HC (7 times)
AS (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
2001 Relaxing and contracting activities of heartworm extract on isolated canine abdominal aorta.
90  lysophosphatidylcholine
(10 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(8 times)
AR (2 times)
AA (1 time)
ARs (1 time)
1984 Effects of phospholipase A2, lysophosphatidyl choline, and fatty acid on the acrosome reaction of human spermatozoa.
91  Langerhans-type dendritic cells
(9 times)
Virology
(2 times)
CMV (2 times)
GM (2 times)
iLC (2 times)
1985 Relative efficiency of human Langerhans' cells and blood derived dendritic cells as antigen-presenting cells.
92  learning collaborative
(9 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
ASD (1 time)
CERs (1 time)
CM (1 time)
2010 Improving the prevention, early recognition, and treatment of pediatric obesity by primary care physicians.
93  left colectomy
(9 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
RC (5 times)
ERC (2 times)
AOR (1 time)
2007 Electrothermal bipolar vessel sealing device vs. ultrasonic coagulating shears in laparoscopic colectomies: a comparative study.
94  lesser curvature
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
GC (3 times)
CI (2 times)
MP (2 times)
1989 Treatment of gastric ulcers in horses with histamine type 2 receptor antagonists.
95  lithocholic acid
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
CDC (3 times)
MNU (3 times)
CH-7 alpha (1 time)
1981 Sulfation of lithocholate as a possible modifier of chenodeoxycholic acid-induced elevations of serum transaminase in patients with gallstones.
96  lobular carcinoma
(9 times)
Pathology
(4 times)
DC (5 times)
CGH (1 time)
CLC (1 time)
1984 [Role of myoepithelial cells in the histogenesis of lobular breast cancer].
97  low-concentrate diet
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
HC (9 times)
SH (2 times)
ATP5beta (1 time)
2008 Short communication: effect of changing the ratio of forage to concentrate on ammonia emissions by dairy heifers.
98  lumbar curve
(9 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
LIV (4 times)
MTC (3 times)
STF (3 times)
2014 Selective thoracic fusion in AIS curves: the definition of target outcomes improves the prediction of spontaneous lumbar curve correction (SLCC).
99  lactose
(8 times)
Pharmacy
(2 times)
LF (3 times)
MC (3 times)
AL (2 times)
1979 Comparative tolerance of elderly from differing ethnic backgrounds to lactose-containing and lactose-free dairy drinks: a double-blind study.
100  left coronary
(8 times)
Anatomy
(3 times)
RC (7 times)
NC (3 times)
SJ (2 times)
1998 Variant of the left coronary artery with an unusual origin and course: anatomic and postmortem angiographic findings.