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Abbreviation: LC
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
liquid chromatography
(2967 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1804 times)
MS (694 times)
MS/MS (276 times)
ESI (169 times)
1974 Application of high pressure liquid chromatography (LC) in studies on modified adenine nucleotides (ANP) in ANP-dependent reactions.
locus coeruleus
(2600 times)
Neurology
(1040 times)
NE (349 times)
TH (266 times)
NA (219 times)
1974 Impariment by 6-hydroxydopamine of locus coeruleus-induced monosynaptic potential in the spinal trigeminal nucleus.
laparoscopic cholecystectomy
(2059 times)
General Surgery
(1351 times)
OC (250 times)
ERCP (174 times)
CBD (171 times)
1990 Percutaneous endoscopic treatment of cholelithiasis.
Langerhans cells
(1343 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(474 times)
DC (255 times)
EC (87 times)
APC (61 times)
1979 Epidermal Langerhans cells are derived from cells originating in bone marrow.
liver cirrhosis
(1223 times)
Gastroenterology
(385 times)
HCC (573 times)
CH (201 times)
HBV (188 times)
1979 [Fructose tolerance and utilization in healthy and chronically diseased liver].
liquid crystal
(818 times)
Ophthalmology
(299 times)
POM (15 times)
ITO (14 times)
DSC (9 times)
1980 Characteristics of liquid crystal devices with improved response times.
local control
(814 times)
Neoplasms
(593 times)
OS (518 times)
DFS (138 times)
RT (132 times)
1981 A 'watchful waiting' policy for in situ carcinoma of the vocal cords.
lung cancer
(677 times)
Neoplasms
(262 times)
COPD (63 times)
NSCLC (61 times)
CI (38 times)
1984 Lung cancer in patients with tracheostomy due to cancer of the larynx.
light chain
(494 times)
Biochemistry
(109 times)
HC (162 times)
BoNTs (37 times)
BoNT (26 times)
1976 Reexamination of the conformation of muscle proteins by optical activity.
10  liquid crystalline
(258 times)
Chemistry
(168 times)
DSC (20 times)
POM (12 times)
SAXS (10 times)
1992 The influence of liquid crystalline phases on drug percutaneous absorption. II. Permeation studies through excised human skin.
11  lamina cribrosa
(225 times)
Ophthalmology
(170 times)
ONH (67 times)
IOP (48 times)
OCT (42 times)
1992 [Primary open angle glaucoma and low tension glaucoma--pathogenesis and mechanism of optic nerve damage].
12  L-carnitine
(216 times)
Pharmacology
(30 times)
ALC (23 times)
PLC (17 times)
MDA (16 times)
1985 Effects of L-carnitine loading on the aerobic and anaerobic performance of endurance athletes.
13  long-chain
(136 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(67 times)
PUFA (38 times)
DHA (16 times)
PUFAs (15 times)
1983 Cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum function in insulin- or carnitine-treated diabetic rats.
14  lymphocytic colitis
(108 times)
Gastroenterology
(68 times)
CC (78 times)
MC (56 times)
UC (11 times)
1994 The use of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression and intraepithelial lymphocyte count in the differential diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease.
15  liquid-condensed
(98 times)
Chemistry
(57 times)
LE (82 times)
DPPC (30 times)
BAM (23 times)
1985 Mixed monolayers of straight-chain/branched-chain phospholipids. I. Mixed monolayers of distearoyl phosphatidylcholine and diisoeicosanoyl phosphatidylcholine.
16  Leydig cells
(88 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(22 times)
SC (17 times)
EDS (15 times)
LH (8 times)
1975 Hormonal activity of testes in aged rats with leydig cell hyperplasia: histochemical investigation of some hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases.
17  low-carbohydrate
(66 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(28 times)
HC (24 times)
LF (18 times)
HF (3 times)
1979 High-carbohydrate diets and insulin-dependent diabetics.
18  lanthanum carbonate
(60 times)
Nephrology
(24 times)
CC (13 times)
SH (12 times)
HD (9 times)
2003 A multicenter study on the effects of lanthanum carbonate (Fosrenol) and calcium carbonate on renal bone disease in dialysis patients.
19  lethal concentration
(58 times)
Parasitology
(19 times)
RR (5 times)
LT (4 times)
Cd (3 times)
1976 [The appearance of surface-active phospholipids of the surfactant-system of the lung during ontogenetic development of humans (author's transl)].
20  loading capacity
(56 times)
Chemistry
(14 times)
EE (37 times)
SEM (10 times)
FTIR (9 times)
2001 pH dependent hydrolysis and drug release behavior of chitosan/poly(ethylene glycol) polymer network microspheres.
21  long-range corrected
(52 times)
Chemistry
(49 times)
DFT (23 times)
TDDFT (9 times)
IPs (5 times)
2004 A long-range-corrected time-dependent density functional theory.
22  laparoscopic
(47 times)
General Surgery
(36 times)
OC (27 times)
LOS (4 times)
AC (3 times)
1996 Conversion of laparoscopic to open cholecystectomy. An analysis of risk factors.
23  laryngeal cancer
(47 times)
Neoplasms
(22 times)
CI (6 times)
HNC (6 times)
OCC (5 times)
1990 [Relation between air pollution and laryngeal cancer in Liaoning].
24  ligand-centered
(46 times)
Chemistry
(42 times)
MLCT (25 times)
DFT (6 times)
MC (3 times)
1997 Luminescent and Redox-Active Iridium(III)-Cyclometalated Compounds with Terdentate Ligands.
25  leptomeningeal carcinomatosis
(44 times)
Neoplasms
(16 times)
CSF (13 times)
CNS (5 times)
MRI (4 times)
1989 [Leptomeningeal carcinomatosis as the primary manifestation of a carcinoma of probable renal origin].
26  leukemia cutis
(43 times)
Dermatology
(25 times)
AML (11 times)
MDS (4 times)
ALL (3 times)
1993 Leukemia cutis. Analysis of 50 biopsy-proven cases with an emphasis on occurrence in myelodysplastic syndromes.
27  learning curve
(41 times)
General Surgery
(17 times)
CUSUM (7 times)
OT (6 times)
CRS (4 times)
2005 Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy: prospective evaluation of the learning curve.
28  lung contusion
(40 times)
General Surgery
(10 times)
BM (13 times)
HS (13 times)
HPC (7 times)
1990 Mortality prognostic factors in chest injury.
29  LightCycler
(39 times)
Microbiology
(14 times)
CSF (4 times)
PCR (3 times)
RT-PCR (3 times)
2000 Detection of Herpes simplex virus DNA by real-time PCR.
30  lumped constant
(39 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(13 times)
FDG (9 times)
2-DG (4 times)
DG (4 times)
1982 Kinetics of regional blood-brain barrier transport and brain phosphorylation of glucose and 2-deoxyglucose the barbiturate-anesthetized rat.
31  left circumflex
(36 times)
Cardiology
(24 times)
LAD (27 times)
AMI (5 times)
LV (4 times)
1975 Coronary hemodynamics during positive (+G-z) acceleration.
32  Lymphangioma circumscriptum
(35 times)
Dermatology
(17 times)
BRIT (1 time)
FEP (1 time)
KTS (1 time)
1985 Successful control of lymphangioma circumscriptum by superficial X-rays.
33  locoregional control
(33 times)
Neoplasms
(26 times)
OS (29 times)
PFS (8 times)
MFS (7 times)
2002 Analysis of prognostic factors for T(1)N(0)M(0) glottic cancer treated with definitive radiotherapy alone: experience of the cancer hospital of Peking Union Medical College and the Chinese Academy Of Medical Sciences.
34  lymphocytes
(33 times)
Transplantation
(4 times)
MC (5 times)
EC (4 times)
PMN (3 times)
1982 Cell-mediated cytotoxicity to non-MHC alloantigens on mouse epidermal cells. VI. Influence of the MHC on the tissue specificity of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte responses.
35  lymphocyte count
(31 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
NC (4 times)
TLC (4 times)
CRP (3 times)
1990 Upper-normal prediction limits of lymphocyte counts for cattle not infected with bovine leukemia virus.
36  low concentrate
(29 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
HC (21 times)
LPS (3 times)
MC (3 times)
2001 Relaxing and contracting activities of heartworm extract on isolated canine abdominal aorta.
37  low calorie
(28 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(4 times)
HC (18 times)
BOLD (4 times)
DLPFC (3 times)
1976 The effect of pyrithioxine and pyridoxine on individual behavior, social interactions, and learning in rats malnourished in early postnatal life.
38  low-complexity
(27 times)
Cell Biology
(11 times)
CTD (4 times)
FUS (3 times)
b-isox (2 times)
2003 The low complexity proteins from enteric pathogenic bacteria: taxonomic parallels embedded in diversity.
39  Lactobacillus casei
(26 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
SM (4 times)
EC (3 times)
LF (3 times)
1988 Host-mediated antiviral activity of Lactobacillus casei against cytomegalovirus infection in mice.
40  latent class
(25 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
LCA (2 times)
PQ-B (2 times)
AHEI (1 time)
1993 A study of hospital admissions over time, using longitudinal latent structure analysis.
41  large colony
(24 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
SC (16 times)
CBPP (5 times)
CCPP (1 time)
1978 Subdivision of Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides from cattle and goats into two types.
42  liver cancer
(24 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
AAIRs (2 times)
LCSCs (2 times)
NC (2 times)
1989 Immunoanalytical detection of O4-ethylthymine in liver DNA of individuals with or without malignant tumors.
43  lung carcinoma
(23 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
HD (2 times)
NSCLC (2 times)
TB (2 times)
1980 Suppressor cells in Hodgkin's disease and lung carcinoma.
44  lateral compression
(22 times)
Traumatology
(13 times)
APC (10 times)
VS (6 times)
ISS (3 times)
1981 Surgical constriction of the pulmonary artery. A new experimental technique.
45  light-cured
(22 times)
Dentistry
(16 times)
CC (6 times)
DC (6 times)
ACP (2 times)
2000 A comparison of retention rates of brackets with thermally-cured and light-cured custom bases in indirect bonding procedures.
46  lab chow
(20 times)
Toxicology
(5 times)
EDC (5 times)
BM (4 times)
PF (4 times)
1976 Neurochemical and behavioral effects of diet related perinatal folic acid restriction.
47  lengthening contractions
(20 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
DOMS (7 times)
NGF (7 times)
COX (3 times)
1998 Acute and sustained effects of isometric and lengthening muscle contractions on high-energy phosphates and glycogen metabolism in rat tibialis anterior muscle.
48  lidocaine
(20 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
DSC (3 times)
HPC (3 times)
PSA (3 times)
1991 Characteristics of electrocardiographic changes with some representative antiarrhythmic drugs in adult rats.
49  local control rate
(20 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
OS (18 times)
DFS (4 times)
SBRT (3 times)
1998 Impact of the extent of parametrial involvement in patients with carcinoma of the uterine cervix.
50  lumichrome
(20 times)
Biology
(9 times)
RF (11 times)
LF (10 times)
CDRF (6 times)
1989 Ultraviolet radiation-induced photodegradation and 1O2, O2-. production by riboflavin, lumichrome and lumiflavin.
51  lambda-cyhalothrin
(19 times)
Toxicology
(8 times)
CAT (4 times)
GST (4 times)
SOD (4 times)
2006 [Isolation of lambda-cyhalothrin from biological material].
52  laryngeal carcinoma
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
SNPs (2 times)
Bad (1 time)
Bcl-2 (1 time)
1990 [Nuclear DNA content and morphological parameters in laryngeal papillomas and carcinomas].
53  lean control
(19 times)
Metabolism
(4 times)
BMI (4 times)
OC (4 times)
DM (2 times)
1994 Evidence for a defect in insulin metabolism in hyperandrogenic women with polycystic ovarian syndrome.
54  leg curl
(18 times)
Exercise
(11 times)
LE (15 times)
LP (11 times)
BP (9 times)
1992 Growth hormone, IGF-I, and testosterone responses to resistive exercise.
55  leukocyte count
(18 times)
Zoology
(2 times)
CRP (6 times)
ESR (3 times)
Hb (3 times)
1989 Joint size influence on the leucocyte count of inflammatory synovial fluids.
56  local tumor control
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
OS (8 times)
NSCLC (4 times)
RT (4 times)
1993 Radiation therapy for prostate cancer. Long-term results and implications for future advances.
57  Lysine clonixinate
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
INDO (7 times)
NSAIDs (6 times)
NSAID (4 times)
1993 Lysine clonixinate in minor dental surgery: double-blind randomized parallel study versus paracetamol.
58  L-cysteine
(16 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
AA (2 times)
CSE (2 times)
SV (2 times)
1996 The effect of L-cysteine and N-acetylcysteine on porphyrin/heme biosynthetic pathway in cells treated with 5-aminolevulinic acid and exposed to radiation.
59  low-contrast
(16 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
HC (9 times)
VA (5 times)
CT (2 times)
1993 Visual losses in early age-related maculopathy.
60  lactate clearance
(15 times)
Critical Care
(3 times)
CI (2 times)
PI (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2012 Prognostic value and agreement of achieving lactate clearance or central venous oxygen saturation goals during early sepsis resuscitation.
61  large cell
(15 times)
Pathology
(6 times)
SC (6 times)
NHL (3 times)
EFS (2 times)
1983 In vitro radiation and chemotherapy sensitivity of established cell lines of human small cell lung cancer and its large cell morphological variants.
62  lateral column
(15 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
CST (4 times)
DA (4 times)
DR (4 times)
1976 Habituation of a monosynaptic response in frog spinal cord: evidence for a presynaptic mechanism.
63  lateral compaction
(15 times)
Dentistry
(13 times)
SC (7 times)
GF (2 times)
GP (2 times)
2003 Fluid movement along the coronal two-thirds of root fillings placed by three different gutta-percha techniques.
64  lactation consultant
(14 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
RCTs (3 times)
BF (2 times)
NICU (2 times)
1993 The use of nipple shields by breastfeeding women.
65  liposomal clodronate
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
TNF-alpha (2 times)
AIHA (1 time)
AKI (1 time)
2002 Macrophage depletion by clodronate-containing liposomes reduces neointimal formation after balloon injury in rats and rabbits.
66  locus of control
(13 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
SE (2 times)
AT (1 time)
BFB (1 time)
1978 Opiate addiction: a study identifying three systematically related psychological correlates.
67  Lymphomatosis cerebri
(13 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
PCNSL (5 times)
MRI (3 times)
CSF (2 times)
2008 [Lymphomatosis cerebri as the cause of leukoencephalopathy].
68  Ligusticum chuanxiong
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
AS (3 times)
AA (2 times)
EAAs (2 times)
1992 [Effects of Chinese materia medica in activating blood and stimulating menstrual flow on the endocrine function of ovary-uterus and its mechanisms].
69  low cholesterol
(12 times)
Vascular Diseases
(6 times)
HC (11 times)
CETP (2 times)
apo (1 time)
1993 Cholesteryl ester transfer protein and high density lipoprotein responses to cholesterol feeding in men: relationship to apolipoprotein E genotype.
70  lactacystin
(11 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
AIF (1 time)
ALLN (1 time)
ALLnL (1 time)
1996 Proteasome-dependent regulation of p21WAF1/CIP1 expression.
71  left circumflex coronary artery
(11 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
LAD (6 times)
CBF (2 times)
LV (2 times)
1975 [Effect of intraaortic-ballon-counterpulsation on the changes of myocardial blood flow following coronary artery stenosis and occlusion (author's transl)].
72  leukocyte common
(11 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
ALS (2 times)
GL (1 time)
GMG (1 time)
1980 Immunosuppressive properties of rabbit antibodies against a major glycoprotein restricted to rat leukocyte membranes.
73  life-cycle
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
ENMs (2 times)
GHG (2 times)
NEPs (2 times)
2011 Life cycle assessment of a parabolic trough concentrating solar power plant and the impacts of key design alternatives.
74  load carriage
(11 times)
Physiological Phenomena
(3 times)
CE (3 times)
CON (2 times)
CB (1 time)
2004 Development and assessment of the Canadian personal load carriage system using objective biomechanical measures.
75  longus colli
(11 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
SM (3 times)
CSA (2 times)
CT (2 times)
1994 Longus colli has a postural function on cervical curvature.
76  lumpectomy cavity
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
CT (5 times)
CI (3 times)
CVS (3 times)
2008 Comparison of FDG-PET/CT and CT for delineation of lumpectomy cavity for partial breast irradiation.
77  lung compliance
(11 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
EVLP (3 times)
HC (3 times)
PVR (3 times)
1986 Cardiogenic oscillation and phase III caused by pressure-volume heterogeneity: a model.
78  Lake Casitas
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
MuLV (3 times)
MuMTV (2 times)
BC (1 time)
1976 Type C virus expression in lymphoma-paralysis-prone wild mice.
79  large cell carcinomas
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
NSCLC (7 times)
SQ (5 times)
AD (4 times)
1983 Frequency of brain metastasis in adenocarcinoma and large cell carcinoma of the lung: correlation with survival.
80  lateral canal
(10 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
BPPV (2 times)
AG (1 time)
CH (1 time)
1990 An anatomical study on the distribution of the temporal branch of the facial nerve.
81  lateral condensation
(10 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
SC (2 times)
WL (2 times)
WVC (2 times)
1997 Analysis of forces developed during obturations. Comparison of three gutta-percha techniques.
82  levodopa/carbidopa
(10 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
LCE (8 times)
PD (7 times)
LB (4 times)
2008 Should levodopa dose be reduced when switched to stalevo?
83  lignocellulose
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
AC (1 time)
CNCs (1 time)
DCM (1 time)
1995 Acid-precipitable polymeric lignin from hardwood lignocellulose: production by a Streptomyces sp.
84  local
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
OS (9 times)
DC (3 times)
IMRT (3 times)
2011 Stereotactic radiosurgery to the resection cavity of brain metastases: a retrospective analysis and literature review.
85  lysophosphatidylcholine
(10 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(8 times)
AR (2 times)
AA (1 time)
ARs (1 time)
1984 Effects of phospholipase A2, lysophosphatidyl choline, and fatty acid on the acrosome reaction of human spermatozoa.
86  land cover
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
DCA (1 time)
EO (1 time)
GFC (1 time)
2009 Post-classification comparison of land cover using multitemporal Landsat and ASTER imagery: the case of Kahramanmaras, Turkey.
87  Langerhans-type dendritic cells
(9 times)
Virology
(2 times)
CMV (2 times)
GM (2 times)
iLC (2 times)
1985 Relative efficiency of human Langerhans' cells and blood derived dendritic cells as antigen-presenting cells.
88  learning collaborative
(9 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
ASD (1 time)
CERs (1 time)
CM (1 time)
2010 Improving the prevention, early recognition, and treatment of pediatric obesity by primary care physicians.
89  left colectomy
(9 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
RC (5 times)
ERC (2 times)
AOR (1 time)
2007 Electrothermal bipolar vessel sealing device vs. ultrasonic coagulating shears in laparoscopic colectomies: a comparative study.
90  Ligneous conjunctivitis
(9 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
FFP (1 time)
IgA (1 time)
IgG (1 time)
1996 Ligneous conjunctivitis in four Doberman pinschers.
91  linear combination
(9 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
XANES (3 times)
CGM (1 time)
DA (1 time)
2001 Preliminary evidence for neuronal damage in cortical grey matter and normal appearing white matter in short duration relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis: a quantitative MR spectroscopic imaging study.
92  lithocholic acid
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
CDC (3 times)
MNU (3 times)
CH-7 alpha (1 time)
1981 Sulfation of lithocholate as a possible modifier of chenodeoxycholic acid-induced elevations of serum transaminase in patients with gallstones.
93  loading content
(9 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
EE (7 times)
FT-IR (2 times)
NPs (2 times)
2009 Novel biodegradable polylactide/poly(ethylene glycol) micelles prepared by direct dissolution method for controlled delivery of anticancer drugs.
94  low-concentrate diet
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
HC (9 times)
SH (2 times)
ATP5beta (1 time)
2008 Short communication: effect of changing the ratio of forage to concentrate on ammonia emissions by dairy heifers.
95  left coronary
(8 times)
Anatomy
(3 times)
RC (7 times)
NC (3 times)
SJ (2 times)
1998 Variant of the left coronary artery with an unusual origin and course: anatomic and postmortem angiographic findings.
96  lens capsule
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
ILM (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
BL (1 time)
1989 Development and characterization of the lens capsule of mouse embryos (day 12 to day 19 of gestation).
97  lesser curvature
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
GC (3 times)
MP (2 times)
AS (1 time)
1989 Treatment of gastric ulcers in horses with histamine type 2 receptor antagonists.
98  line-cross
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
QTL (6 times)
HFS (4 times)
HS (3 times)
2001 Detection of quantitative trait loci for growth and fatness in pigs.
99  littermate control
(8 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
KO (2 times)
ADHD (1 time)
CO (1 time)
1999 Magnetic resonance imaging and invasive evaluation of development of heart failure in transgenic mice with myocardial expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha.
100  lobular carcinoma
(8 times)
Pathology
(4 times)
DC (5 times)
CGH (1 time)
CLC (1 time)
1984 [Role of myoepithelial cells in the histogenesis of lobular breast cancer].