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Abbreviation: LCA
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Long forms: 175

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
life cycle assessment
(760 times)
Environmental Health
(600 times)
GHG (80 times)
GWP (23 times)
LCIA (22 times)
1994 Development of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) : The role of SETAC (Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry) and the 'Code of Practice'.
latent class analysis
(598 times)
Psychiatry
(125 times)
ADHD (18 times)
PTSD (15 times)
CI (12 times)
1994 Latent class analysis of substance abuse patterns.
Leber congenital amaurosis
(423 times)
Ophthalmology
(181 times)
RP (65 times)
ERG (31 times)
RPE (26 times)
1992 Linkage studies and mutation analysis of the PDEB gene in 23 families with Leber congenital amaurosis.
left coronary artery
(321 times)
Cardiology
(141 times)
RCA (92 times)
LAD (25 times)
IMA (19 times)
1973 The effects of nitroglycerin on coronary collaterals and myocardial contractility.
leukocyte common antigen
(272 times)
Pathology
(95 times)
EMA (39 times)
NSE (25 times)
CK (21 times)
1985 Nasopharyngeal carcinoma: immunohistochemical study for keratin, secretory component and leukocyte common antigen.
lithocholic acid
(255 times)
Biochemistry
(55 times)
CDCA (58 times)
DCA (58 times)
CA (43 times)
1979 Proliferative effect of lithocholic acid on rat liver cell in culture.
Lens culinaris agglutinin
(135 times)
Biochemistry
(22 times)
Con A (49 times)
HCC (28 times)
AFP (27 times)
1976 Selection and characterization of Chinese hamster ovary cells resistant to the cytotoxicity of lectins.
last common ancestor
(54 times)
Biology
(13 times)
WUS (2 times)
evo-devo (1 time)
FdxN (1 time)
1999 Did DNA replication evolve twice independently?
lateral cricoarytenoid
(48 times)
Otolaryngology
(28 times)
TA (32 times)
PCA (27 times)
CT (19 times)
1982 Arrangement of motoneurons innervating the intrinsic laryngeal muscles of cats as demonstrated by horseradish peroxidase.
10  Littoral cell angioma
(48 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
CT (5 times)
US (3 times)
FNAB (2 times)
1998 Littoral cell angioma of the spleen: an additional report of four cases with emphasis on the association with visceral organ cancers.
11  life cycle analysis
(47 times)
Environmental Health
(26 times)
GHG (10 times)
EF (2 times)
LCC (2 times)
2000 The ISO 14001 EMS Implementation Process and Its Implications: A Case Study of Central Japan.
12  Lens culinaris
(46 times)
Histocytochemistry
(6 times)
Con A (23 times)
PNA (10 times)
PSA (9 times)
1975 Selection and characterization of eight phenotypically distinct lines of lectin-resistant Chinese hamster ovary cell.
13  longitudinal chromatic aberration
(34 times)
Ophthalmology
(20 times)
IOLs (5 times)
TCA (3 times)
HOA (2 times)
1985 The magnitude of longitudinal chromatic aberration of the human eye between 458 and 633 nm.
14  lymphocytotoxic antibodies
(30 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(14 times)
SLE (11 times)
MS (4 times)
IM (3 times)
1977 Lymphocytotoxic antibodies in patients with inflammatory bowel disease and their spouses--evidence for a transmissible agent.
15  laparoscopic cryoablation
(27 times)
Urology
(19 times)
LPN (8 times)
SRMs (6 times)
PCA (5 times)
2007 Comparative financial analysis of minimally invasive surgery to open surgery for small renal tumours < or =3.5 cm: a single institutional experience.
16  left carotid artery
(21 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
RCA (8 times)
IMT (4 times)
BT (2 times)
1994 Antithrombotic effects of DMP 728, a platelet GPIIb/IIIa receptor antagonist, in a canine model of arterial thrombosis.
17  Licochalcone A
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
ROS (3 times)
ER (2 times)
HLMs (2 times)
2008 Licochalcone A inhibits the growth of colon carcinoma and attenuates cisplatin-induced toxicity without a loss of chemotherapeutic efficacy in mice.
18  liver cell adenoma
(11 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
FNH (4 times)
HCC (3 times)
CCC (1 time)
1978 The clinical, radiologic, and pathologic characterization of benign hepatic neoplasms. Alleged association with oral contraceptives.
19  left circumflex artery
(9 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
RCA (5 times)
LAD (3 times)
a.c (1 time)
1977 Physiological, biochemical, and morphological characteristics of myocardial anoxia: the use of a semi-perfusion canine preparation.
20  Large cell acanthoma
(8 times)
Dermatology
(7 times)
RCM (1 time)
1978 Large cell acanthoma. One of the actinic keratoses.
21  leaky competing accumulator
(8 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
FFI (3 times)
BD (1 time)
DDM (1 time)
2007 Extending a biologically inspired model of choice: multi-alternatives, nonlinearity and value-based multidimensional choice.
22  Lucite cone applicator
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
SAR (3 times)
CSA (2 times)
CSAs (1 time)
1998 Effectiveness of the Gaussian beam model in predicting SAR distributions from the lucite cone applicator.
23  left circumflex coronary artery
(7 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
LAD (4 times)
RCA (3 times)
CS (1 time)
1975 Primary T wave abnormalities caused by uniform and regional shortening of ventricular monophasic action potential in dog.
24  left common carotid artery
(7 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
LSA (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
ACE2 (1 time)
2000 Altered flow-induced arterial remodeling in vimentin-deficient mice.
25  lithocholate
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CA (3 times)
CDCA (3 times)
UDCA (2 times)
1975 Acute cholestasis induced by lithocholic acid in the rat. A freeze-fracture replica and thin section study.
26  large-cell anaplastic
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
AvR (1 time)
CSI (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
1991 [Large cell anaplastic lymphomas in the immunocompromised host].
27  lateral calcaneal artery
(6 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
CTA (1 time)
EL (1 time)
JGNG (1 time)
2009 The lateral calcaneal artery: Anatomic basis for planning safe surgical approaches.
28  Lens culinaris lectin
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
BPA (2 times)
AAL (1 time)
alpha 1-AT (1 time)
1992 Alteration of the carbohydrate-binding specificity of the Bauhinia purpurea lectin through the preparation of a chimeric lectin.
29  locally competitive algorithm
(6 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
BP (1 time)
CBPDN (1 time)
FPAA (1 time)
2008 Sparse coding via thresholding and local competition in neural circuits.
30  lambda chart analysis
(5 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
DTA (2 times)
ALS (1 time)
DTI (1 time)
2002 EZ-tracing: a new ready-to-use algorithm for magnetic resonance tractography.
31  liquidation of consequences of the accident
(5 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
EEG (2 times)
ChNPP (1 time)
CM (1 time)
2003 [State of the blood phagocytic system in the Nitroblue tetrazolium test conducted in clean-up workers following an extended period of time after the Chernobyl nuclear plant accident].
32  long-chain acylcarnitines
(5 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
CAT-I (2 times)
POCA (2 times)
VF (2 times)
1985 A fixation procedure suitable for autoradiography of endogenous long-chain acyl carnitine.
33  limbal-conjunctival autograft
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
CsA (1 time)
GCD (1 time)
ICGA (1 time)
2008 [Effectiveness of topical ciclosporin A treatment after excision of primary pterygium and limbal conjunctival autograft].
34  liver cirrhosis with Child-Pugh A
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
NLF (3 times)
HBP (2 times)
LCB (2 times)
2011 Estimation of liver function using T1 mapping on Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging.
35  low-contrast acuity
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
BiS (3 times)
ETDRS (2 times)
CP (1 time)
2013 Low-contrast acuity measurement: does it add value in the visual assessment of down syndrome and cerebral palsy populations?
36  Lowest Common Ancestor
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
GO (1 time)
RDP (1 time)
RLCA (1 time)
2011 MTR: taxonomic annotation of short metagenomic reads using clustering at multiple taxonomic ranks.
37  lymphocytapheresis
(4 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
AS (1 time)
GCAP (1 time)
LCAP (1 time)
1984 Plasma exchange (PE) and lymphocytapheresis (LCA) in multiple sclerosis (MS).
38  laparoscopic
(3 times)
Urology
(3 times)
PCA (3 times)
2006 Cost analysis of open, laparoscopic, and percutaneous treatment options for nephron-sparing surgery.
39  laparoscopic-assisted cryoablation
(3 times)
Urology
(3 times)
DFS (2 times)
AMLs (1 time)
EuRECA (1 time)
2016 Preoperative Aspects and Dimensions Used for Anatomical Score Predicts Treatment Failures in Laparoscopic Cryoablation of Small Renal Masses.
40  Latent class
(3 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
CAN (1 time)
CLA (1 time)
IBD (1 time)
2001 A clustering approach for localizing disease susceptibility loci.
41  lateral chromatic aberration
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
CPV (1 time)
PCs (1 time)
2011 Flat Fresnel doublets made of PMMA and PC: combining low cost production and very high concentration ratio for CPV.
42  lateral costal artery
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ITA (1 time)
LAD (1 time)
LIMA (1 time)
1999 Myocardial revascularization with arterial conduits. The use of lateral costal artery.
43  leukocyte antigen
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CK (1 time)
EMA (1 time)
iNOS (1 time)
1994 Undifferentiated tumors: an immunohistochemical analysis on biopsies.
44  living cell array
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
GFP (1 time)
RED (1 time)
2004 Dynamic gene expression profiling using a microfabricated living cell array.
45  losartan carboxylic acid
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
LOS (2 times)
MET (2 times)
BE (1 time)
2014 Significance of metabolites in bioequivalence: losartan potassium as a case study.
46  lymphocytotoxicity assay
(3 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
CCIs (1 time)
CR (1 time)
EIA (1 time)
1993 Enzyme-linked immunoassay for anti-HLA antibodies--an alternative to panel studies by lymphocytotoxicity.
47  split-luciferase complementation assay
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
FGF14 (3 times)
PPI (2 times)
GSK-3 (1 time)
2012 Bioluminescence methodology for the detection of protein-protein interactions within the voltage-gated sodium channel macromolecular complex.
48  lansoprazole, clarithromycin, and amoxicillin
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
H. pylori (1 time)
PUD (1 time)
2003 Absence of symptomatic benefit of lansoprazole, clarithromycin, and amoxicillin triple therapy in eradication of Helicobacter pylori positive, functional (nonulcer) dyspepsia.
49  left anterior descending coronary artery
(2 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
IL-8 (2 times)
FDG (1 time)
HIF-1alpha (1 time)
2010 [Protective effects of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury in rat and the role of protein kinase C in signal pathway].
50  left colon aganglionosis
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
HD (2 times)
TCA (2 times)
CRA (1 time)
2004 [Treatment of the Hirschsprung's disease (HD) at the Department of Pediatric Surgery of Charles University, 2nd Faculty of Medicine, from 1979 to 2004].
51  left coronary
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
CPK (1 time)
HR (1 time)
1994 Reduction of infarct size during myocardial ischemia and reperfusion by lazaroid U-74500A, a nonglucocorticoid 21-aminosteroid.
52  left coronary artery occlusion
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AMI (1 time)
LV (1 time)
LVEDP (1 time)
2005 Hydrophilic bile salt ursodeoxycholic acid protects myocardium against reperfusion injury in a PI3K/Akt dependent pathway.
53  life cycle assessment methodology
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
EPDs (1 time)
IWMS (1 time)
MSW (1 time)
2011 Material and energy recovery in integrated waste management systems. An evaluation based on life cycle assessment.
54  lifetime cumulative adversity
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
SHARE (1 time)
2012 The effect of lifetime cumulative adversity on change and chronicity in depressive symptoms and quality of life in older adults.
55  line cross analysis
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
RIL (1 time)
SAGA (1 time)
2010 Something old and something new: wedding recombinant inbred lines with traditional line cross analysis increases power to describe gene interactions.
56  lineage-specific chimerism analysis
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
aHCT (1 time)
AML (1 time)
CCA (1 time)
2005 Evaluation of immunomodulatory treatment based on conventional and lineage-specific chimerism analysis in patients with myeloid malignancies after myeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation.
57  lipemia-clearing activity
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
--- 1955 Endocrine effects on the heparin-induced lipemia-clearing activity (LCA) of rat plasma.
58  liquid-crystal associates
(2 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
--- 2014 [Biological testing of water with different structural states in rats and frogs].
59  locomotor activity
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
FST (2 times)
WKY (2 times)
BAL (1 time)
2008 Desipramine blocks alcohol-induced anxiety- and depressive-like behaviors in two rat strains.
60  London Cancer Alliance
(2 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
QCBER (1 time)
2014 Quality assurance tool: taking a whole-system approach.
61  Long-chain acyl-CoA esters
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
ACBP (2 times)
FABP (2 times)
LCAs (1 time)
1999 Role of acylCoA binding protein in acylCoA transport, metabolism and cell signaling.
62  low-contrast visual acuity
(2 times)
Optometry
(1 time)
BI (1 time)
BiS (1 time)
HCA (1 time)
1988 Visual decrement with deposit accumulation of HEMA contact lenses.
63  lower Central America
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 1998 Comparative mtDNA phylogeography of neotropical freshwater fishes: testing shared history to infer the evolutionary landscape of lower Central America.
64  loxed cassette acceptor
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
ES (1 time)
GK (1 time)
Neurog3TA.LO (1 time)
2004 Efficient DNA cassette exchange in mouse embryonic stem cells by staggered positive-negative selection.
65  lymphoid cell aggregates
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
FPL (2 times)
FFE (1 time)
MD (1 time)
1996 Sequential skin lesions in chickens experimentally infected with Marek's disease virus.
66  acids--lithocholic
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
--- 1990 Effects of secondary bile acids on the in vitro development of early somite rat embryos.
67  histological characteristics and functional properties of the left
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2006 Differential regulation of the left and right coronary arteries of swine.
68  laccaic acid A
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DNMT1 (1 time)
2013 Laccaic acid A is a direct, DNA-competitive inhibitor of DNA methyltransferase 1.
69  lactate
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
rMate1 (1 time)
rOCT2 (1 time)
T2DM (1 time)
2015 Inhibitory effect of atenolol on urinary excretion of metformin via down-regulating multidrug and toxin extrusion protein 1 (rMate1) expression in the kidney of rats.
70  lactic acid and citric acid
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2015 Antimicrobial Efficacy of a Lactic Acid and Citric Acid Blend against Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli, Salmonella, and Nonpathogenic Escherichia coli Biotype I on Inoculated Prerigor Beef Carcass Surface Tissue.
71  lactic and citric acid blend
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
APC (1 time)
ECC (1 time)
LA (1 time)
2017 Microbiological quality assessment and validation of antimicrobials against unstressed or cold-stress adapted Salmonella and surrogate Enterococcus faecium on broiler carcasses and wings.
72  Lactobacillus casei rhamnosus
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
RTIs (1 time)
2017 Network meta-analysis of probiotics to prevent respiratory infections in children and adolescents.
73  LAD, LCx, proximal or distal
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AMI (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
IRA (1 time)
2000 Out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillation in patients with acute myocardial infarction: coronary angiographic determinants.
74  Lagged co-occurrence analysis
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2009 Gender differences in speech temporal patterns detected using lagged co-occurrence text-analysis of personal narratives.
75  laminated capillary array
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
NC (1 time)
2006 Ultra-slim laminated capillary array for high-speed DNA separation.
76  Land Capability for Agriculture
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
LCF (1 time)
LCS88 (1 time)
2009 Predicting land cover using GIS, Bayesian and evolutionary algorithm methods.
77  Land Cover Analysis
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
FA (1 time)
NUAs (1 time)
2011 Agricultural and green infrastructures: the role of non-urbanised areas for eco-sustainable planning in a metropolitan region.
78  landscape character assessment
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2015 [Landscape character assessment framework in rural area: A case study in Qiaokou, Chang-sha, China].
79  laparoscopic approach
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2016 Kidney cancer focal cryoablation trend: does location or approach matter?
80  laparoscopic colon anastomosis
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
HBOT (1 time)
2016 Does hyperbaric oxygen therapy reduce the effects of ischemia on colonic anastomosis in laparoscopic colon resection?
81  large cell carcinoma
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ACA (1 time)
BAC (1 time)
FNAB (1 time)
2001 Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of bronchioloalveolar carcinoma.
82  large cerebral arteries
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
TIA (1 time)
2008 [Vertebrobasilar transient ischemic attacks in young and middle aged patients].
83  large-cell/anaplastic pathology
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2012 MYC family amplification and clinical risk-factors interact to predict an extremely poor prognosis in childhood medulloblastoma.
84  largest contiguous area
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
SALS (1 time)
1998 Optimal bovine pericardial tissue selection sites. II. Cartographic analysis.
85  laser calorimeter
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2009 Novel technique for the determination of hydroxyl distributions in fused silica.
86  Laser-beam Controller and Adviser
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CW (1 time)
1999 On-line computer system to minimize laser injuries during surgery: preliminary system layout and proposal of the key features.
87  latency clearance assay
(1 time)
ART (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
QVOA (1 time)
2017 Vorinostat Renders the Replication-Competent Latent Reservoir of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Vulnerable to Clearance by CD8 T Cells.
88  Latency compensation analysis
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
DS (1 time)
1984 Latency compensation analysis of the auditory brain-stem evoked response.
89  latency-corrected average
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ATVF's (1 time)
EP (1 time)
LMS (1 time)
1994 Time-varying adaptive filters for evoked potential estimation.
90  Latent Class Allocation
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
DL-LDA (1 time)
2015 Interpretable Probabilistic Latent Variable Models for Automatic Annotation of Clinical Text.
91  latent class cluster analysis
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
--- 2015 Distinct subtypes of knee osteoarthritis: data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative.
92  latent class mixture model
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
BIC (1 time)
2009 Latent class cluster analysis to understand heterogeneity in prostate cancer treatment utilities.
93  latent membrane protein and CD20-positive, CD45
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
EBER1 (1 time)
EBV (1 time)
2000 Central nervous system Hodgkin's lymphoma without systemic manifestation: case report and review of the literature.
94  lateral calcaneus
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
D5M (1 time)
OFM (1 time)
P1M (1 time)
2015 Sensitivity of the Oxford Foot Model to marker misplacement: A systematic single-case investigation.
95  lateral canthal angle
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
HPA (1 time)
LCH (1 time)
2016 Lateral Canthal Position Following Lateral Orbitotomy and the Influence of Ocular Proptosis.
96  lateral cerebral area
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
IMHV (1 time)
1988 The effects of hyperstriatal lesions on one-trial passive-avoidance learning in the chick.
97  lateral choroid artery
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
PCA (1 time)
1978 An angiographic study of the temporal horn.
98  Latino breast cancer patients
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ASCO (1 time)
TSSCP-S (1 time)
2014 Towards developing a bilingual treatment summary and survivorship care plan responsive to Spanish language preferred breast cancer survivors.
99  LCA and TLCA
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
AST (1 time)
DHEA (1 time)
FXR (1 time)
2006 Role for enhanced faecal excretion of bile acid in hydroxysteroid sulfotransferase-mediated protection against lithocholic acid-induced liver toxicity.
100  LCA/IA
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
TA (1 time)
2012 Neuromuscular control of fundamental frequency and glottal posture at phonation onset.