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Abbreviation: LCD
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Long forms: 196

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
liquid crystal display
(408 times)
Ophthalmology
(98 times)
CRT (60 times)
ROC (19 times)
LED (17 times)
1987 Optical biosensors for immunoassays: the fluorescence capillary-fill device.
low-calorie diet
(143 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(50 times)
VLCD (20 times)
BMI (16 times)
AT (7 times)
1982 [Human body function indices in the long-term feeding of a low-calorie diet composed of canned products].
low-carbohydrate diet
(108 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(27 times)
LFD (14 times)
BMI (8 times)
CI (6 times)
1989 The relationship between lactic acid and work load: a measure for endurance capacity or an indicator of carbohydrate deficiency?
lattice corneal dystrophy
(66 times)
Ophthalmology
(49 times)
TGFBI (26 times)
GCD (13 times)
TGFBIp (9 times)
1982 C-reactive protein in human lattice corneal dystrophy.
liver cell dysplasia
(36 times)
Pathology
(16 times)
HCC (19 times)
AFP (3 times)
HBV (3 times)
1984 [Feulgen-DNA cytofluorometry of the liver cell dysplasia (LCD) in the liver cirrhosis].
low-contrast detectability
(25 times)
Biophysics
(13 times)
CT (11 times)
FBP (8 times)
CNR (5 times)
2003 Low-contrast detectability in volume rendering: a phantom study on multidetector-row spiral CT data.
low-complexity domain
(19 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
ALS (9 times)
FTD (6 times)
TDP-43 (5 times)
2017 TIA1 Mutations in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia Promote Phase Separation and Alter Stress Granule Dynamics.
low cell density
(18 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
HCD (10 times)
QS (7 times)
ROS (3 times)
2009 Chloroplast-generated reactive oxygen species play a major role in localized cell death during the non-host interaction between tobacco and Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria.
lamina cribrosa depth
(15 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
RNFL (6 times)
IOP (5 times)
ONH (5 times)
2016 Correlating Corneal Biomechanics and Ocular Biometric Properties with Lamina Cribrosa Measurements in Healthy Subjects.
10  l-cysteine desulfhydrase
(13 times)
Botany
(6 times)
DCD (4 times)
Cys (3 times)
Cd (2 times)
2004 Sulphur supply and infection with Pyrenopeziza brassicae influence L-cysteine desulphydrase activity in Brassica napus L.
11  LC depth
(12 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
LC (12 times)
LCCI (5 times)
IOP (4 times)
2016 Prelamina and Lamina Cribrosa in Glaucoma Patients With Unilateral Visual Field Loss.
12  lethargic crab disease
(12 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
CFUs (1 time)
ITS (1 time)
2005 Lethargic crab disease: multidisciplinary evidence supports a mycotic etiology.
13  low calcium diet
(12 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
HCD (3 times)
PTH (2 times)
ALN (1 time)
1982 Effects of metabolic acidosis on PTH and 1,25(OH)2D3 response to low calcium diet.
14  late cortical disinhibition
(10 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
LICI (5 times)
TMS (5 times)
GABA (3 times)
2010 Inhibitory and disinhibitory effects on I-wave facilitation in motor cortex.
15  liquid crystal device
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
AM (1 time)
CCD (1 time)
CE (1 time)
2001 Adaptive changes in dynamic properties of human disparity-induced vergence.
16  large colloid drusen
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
EOD (2 times)
FA (2 times)
ICGA (2 times)
2010 Angiography features of early onset drusen.
17  light chain domain
(8 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
EPR (3 times)
RLC (2 times)
beta (1 time)
1999 Tomographic 3D reconstruction of quick-frozen, Ca2+-activated contracting insect flight muscle.
18  lysosomal cell death
(7 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
LMP (2 times)
CADs (1 time)
CatB (1 time)
2016 Inhibition of cholesterol metabolism underlies synergy between mTOR pathway inhibition and chloroquine in bladder cancer cells.
19  limbal chamber depth
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
ACD (6 times)
AL (1 time)
APAC (1 time)
1982 Anterior chamber depth, genes and environment. A population study among long-term Greenland Eskimo immigrants in Copenhagen.
20  little cherry disease
(6 times)
Virology
(3 times)
CP (1 time)
LChV-1 (1 time)
LChV-1-TA (1 time)
1996 Genome analysis of the 3'-terminal part of the little cherry disease associated dsRNA reveals a monopartite clostero-like virus.
21  low calcium dialysate
(6 times)
Nephrology
(4 times)
SCD (3 times)
iPTH (2 times)
PD (2 times)
1992 CAPD with low calcium dialysate and calcium carbonate: results of a 24-week study.
22  low-cholesterol diet
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
HCD (2 times)
AC (1 time)
BV (1 time)
1986 Early nutrition and intestinal transport function: effect of low-cholesterol diet.
23  laryngeal closure duration
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
ILC (2 times)
OTT (2 times)
PTT (2 times)
2009 Initiation and duration of laryngeal closure during the pharyngeal swallow in post-stroke patients.
24  low-Ca diet
(5 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
NCD (2 times)
ALEN (1 time)
BLMV (1 time)
1986 Ca and P regulation of 1,25(OH)2D3 synthesis by vitamin D-replete rat tubules during acidosis.
25  lymphocystis disease
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
LCDV (5 times)
dpi (1 time)
LCC (1 time)
2014 Host responses of Japanese flounder Paralichthys olivaceus with lymphocystis cell formation.
26  Langerhans cell density
(4 times)
Optometry
(3 times)
CLIDE (2 times)
CCT (1 time)
ECD (1 time)
2016 Changes in corneal Langerhans cell density during the first few hours of contact lens wear.
27  laparoscopic choledochotomy
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
TCBD (2 times)
CBD (1 time)
CBDE (1 time)
2001 A balanced approach to choledocholithiasis.
28  laparoscopic cyst decortication
(4 times)
Urology
(2 times)
ADPKD (2 times)
ATI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2003 Laparoscopic cyst decortication in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease: impact on pain, hypertension, and renal function.
29  late-onset circulatory dysfunction
(4 times)
Ultrasonography
(1 time)
PVL (3 times)
AI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2006 Periventricular leukomalacia with late-onset circulatory dysfunction of premature infants: correlation with severity of magnetic resonance imaging findings and neurological outcomes.
30  left colonic diverticulitis
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
RCD (2 times)
EFS (1 time)
ENS (1 time)
2014 Are there any functional differences of the enteric nervous system between the right-sided diverticular colon and the left-sided diverticular colon? An in vitro study.
31  limiting current density
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
BSA (1 time)
ED (1 time)
EIS (1 time)
2001 Effects of Electrolytes on the Transport Phenomena in a Cation-Exchange Membrane.
32  Linker cell-type death
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
HSF1 (2 times)
PCD (1 time)
2016 HSF-1 activates the ubiquitin proteasome system to promote non-apoptotic developmental cell death in C. elegans.
33  liquor carbonis detergens
(4 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
HPLC (1 time)
PASI (1 time)
1987 [Stability of cignolin (dithranol) in ointments containing tar with and without the addition of salicylic acid. Oxidation to danthron and dithranol dimer].
34  localized Castleman's disease
(4 times)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
MCD (2 times)
CD (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1998 Tropism of human herpesvirus 8 for peripheral blood lymphocytes in patients with Castleman's disease.
35  Logicon Caries Detector
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
CAD (1 time)
DICOM (1 time)
2000 Computer-automated caries detection in digital bitewings: consistency of a program and its influence on observer agreement.
36  loop closure detection
(4 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
SLAM (3 times)
CNN (1 time)
CNNs (1 time)
2016 Matching-range-constrained real-time loop closure detection with CNNs features.
37  low-concentrate diet
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
HCD (4 times)
LPS (3 times)
LPL (2 times)
2015 Endogenous LPS alters liver GH/IGF system gene expression and plasma lipoprotein lipase in goats.
38  lysine cyclodeaminase
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
LCD-PA (1 time)
SpLCD (1 time)
2017 Expanding metabolic pathway for de novo biosynthesis of the chiral pharmaceutical intermediate L-pipecolic acid in Escherichia coli.
39  lamina cribrosa surface depth
(3 times)
Science
(2 times)
SD-OCT (3 times)
EDI (2 times)
RNFL (2 times)
2016 Comparison of the Deep Optic Nerve Structures in Superior Segmental Optic Nerve Hypoplasia and Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma.
40  laparoscopic choledochoduodenostomy
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
RPC (3 times)
HALS (1 time)
LCCJ (1 time)
2003 Laparoscopic choledochoduodenostomy: an effective drainage procedure for recurrent pyogenic cholangitis.
41  lattice CD
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
CDs (3 times)
TGFBI (2 times)
ACD (1 time)
2001 Corneal dystrophies in Japan.
42  LC surface depth
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
LC (3 times)
BM (1 time)
BMO (1 time)
2015 Lamina cribrosa configuration in tilted optic discs with different tilt axes: a new hypothesis regarding optic disc tilt and torsion.
43  leading causes of death
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CHF (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
MCC (1 time)
2014 Testing awareness of heart disease among West Australian women.
44  leaf coloring date
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
CPON (2 times)
FLD (2 times)
Acer (1 time)
2012 Multiple phenological responses to climate change among 42 plant species in Xi'an, China.
45  Lebanese Cigarette Dependence scale
(3 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
FTND (1 time)
HONC (1 time)
LWDS-11 (1 time)
2013 The Lebanese Cigarette Dependence (LCD) Score: a comprehensive tool for cigarette dependence assessment.
46  ligand charge distribution
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
DDL (1 time)
FA (1 time)
HA (1 time)
2007 Adsorption of humic acids onto goethite: effects of molar mass, pH and ionic strength.
47  liquid crystal
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CRT (1 time)
TFT (1 time)
2002 Calibrated LCD/TFT stimulus presentation for visual psychophysics in fMRI.
48  liquor carbonis distillate
(3 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
coal tar (1 time)
PASI (1 time)
PGA (1 time)
2009 A novel LCD (coal tar) solution for psoriasis does not discolor naturally light or color-processed hair in an exaggerated exposure test model.
49  low contrast detail
(3 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
IQFinv (2 times)
CNR (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2018 An investigation into the validity of utilising the CDRAD 2.0 phantom for optimisation studies in digital radiography.
50  Labrador Club Deutschland
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
REML (2 times)
ED (1 time)
2008 [Estimation of genetic parameters for radiographic signs of hip dysplasia in Labrador Retrievers].
51  lacidipine
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DNM (1 time)
ERY (1 time)
JSM (1 time)
1994 Lacidipine and josamycin: two new multidrug resistance modulators.
52  lamina cribrosa deformation
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
SCE (2 times)
IOP (1 time)
LC (1 time)
2010 IOP-induced lamina cribrosa displacement and scleral canal expansion: an analysis of factor interactions using parameterized eye-specific models.
53  Langerhans' cell disease
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CDI (1 time)
JXG (1 time)
2002 Juvenile xanthogranuloma of the oral cavity in children: a clinicopathologic study.
54  large cell D-type biliary stent
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
SEMS (1 time)
2010 Newly designed large cell Niti-S stent for malignant hilar biliary obstruction: a pilot study.
55  large cytoplasmic domain
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
nACh (1 time)
TNP-ATP (1 time)
2006 An interaction involving an arginine residue in the cytoplasmic domain of the 5-HT3A receptor contributes to receptor desensitization mechanism.
56  lateral cartilage distance
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
CAHI (2 times)
US (2 times)
AHI (1 time)
2005 Evaluation of hip containment in legg-calve-perthes disease: a comparison of ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging.
57  lead-contaminated dust
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ASV (1 time)
TSP (1 time)
2006 Removal of lead contaminated dusts from hard surfaces.
58  lens-capsule distance
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
ELP (2 times)
PCI (2 times)
IOL (1 time)
1998 High precision biometry of pseudophakic eyes using partial coherence interferometry.
59  lesion-to-corticospinal tract distance
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
AChA (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
AVMs (1 time)
2015 Risk factors for worsened muscle strength after the surgical treatment of arteriovenous malformations of the eloquent motor area.
60  leucine-charged residue-rich domain
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
CREB (1 time)
DRE (1 time)
DREAM (1 time)
2002 Ca2+-dependent block of CREB-CBP transcription by repressor DREAM.
61  levocetirizine hydrochloride
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ABH (1 time)
2015 Validated derivative and ratio derivative spectrophotometric methods for the simultaneous determination of levocetirizine dihydrochloride and ambroxol hydrochloride in pharmaceutical dosage form.
62  Leydig cell destruction
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
ANF (1 time)
EDS (1 time)
LCF (1 time)
2000 Localisation of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) in rat testis after Leydig cell destruction: evidence for a potential role in regulating gonadal function.
63  light chain disease
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BJPemia (1 time)
1976 Kappa and lambda light chain disease: survival rates and clinical manifestations.
64  line-capitellar distance
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
RCL (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
2011 Limitations of the radiocapitellar line for assessment of pediatric elbow radiographs.
65  lipophilic cationic dye
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
EVs (2 times)
PFC (2 times)
eDNA (1 time)
2019 Detection and Quantification of eDNA-Associated Bacterial Membrane Vesicles by Flow Cytometry.
66  live case demonstrations
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
GreenLEP (1 time)
SCs (1 time)
TCD (1 time)
2013 The surgical spectacle: a survey of urologists viewing live case demonstrations.
67  load-induced cardiac dysfunction
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
HG (2 times)
LV (2 times)
MVP (2 times)
1994 Recovery of load-induced left ventricular diastolic dysfunction by coenzyme Q10: echocardiographic study.
68  local characteristic-scale decomposition
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
CSP (2 times)
EEG (2 times)
FA (1 time)
2017 Feature Selection for Motor Imagery EEG Classification Based on Firefly Algorithm and Learning Automata.
69  local conspecific density
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
--- 2011 Conspecific density dependence in seedlings varies with species shade tolerance in a wet tropical forest.
70  localized CD
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
CD (2 times)
MCD (1 time)
mix type (1 time)
2011 [Diagnosis and surgical treatment of Castleman's disease].
71  loose chunk decomposition
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
IFG (2 times)
SPL (2 times)
TCD (2 times)
2018 People got lost in solving a set of similar problems.
72  low in carbohydrate
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
ND (1 time)
PCOS (1 time)
1984 Adaptations to a high-fat diet that increase exercise endurance in male rats.
73  low-carb diet
(2 times)
Food
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
CGM (1 time)
HDL (1 time)
2021 Low Carb and Ketogenic Diets Increase Quality of Life, Physical Performance, Body Composition, and Metabolic Health of Women with Breast Cancer.
74  lung cancer death
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
IHD (2 times)
LER (2 times)
SHS (2 times)
2013 Assessment of risk for asthma initiation and cancer and heart disease deaths among patrons and servers due to secondhand smoke exposure in restaurants and bars.
75  lung cancer detection
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
FISH (1 time)
2018 Non-invasive early detection of malignant pulmonary nodules by FISH-based sputum test.
76  lysosomal-mediated cell death
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
Zn (2 times)
AP-3 (1 time)
MECs (1 time)
2015 ZnT2 is a critical mediator of lysosomal-mediated cell death during early mammary gland involution.
77  L-cis-diltiazem
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
cAMP (1 time)
cGMP (1 time)
CNG (1 time)
2012 Expression of olfactory-type cyclic nucleotide-gated channels in rat cortical astrocytes.
78  labeled cell density
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
LI (1 time)
SC (1 time)
1984 Cell proliferation in carcinoma in bilharzial bladder: influence of pre-operative irradiation and clinical implications.
79  laboratory chow diet
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
CDD (1 time)
D2R (1 time)
D2R-BP (1 time)
2016 Social change and access to a palatable diet produces differences in reward neurochemistry and appetite in female monkeys.
80  laboratory confirmed diagnosis
(1 time)
Communicable Disease Control
(1 time)
PD (1 time)
1997 Cost effectiveness analysis of azithromycin and doxycycline for Chlamydia trachomatis infection in women: A Canadian perspective.
81  lactoside-displaying cyclodextrin
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Gal-1 (1 time)
2007 Multivalent interactions between lectins and supramolecular complexes: Galectin-1 and self-assembled pseudopolyrotaxanes.
82  lamina cribrosa displacement
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
ONH (1 time)
SCE (1 time)
2012 The optic nerve head as a robust biomechanical system.
83  Langchuangding
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
ESR (1 time)
GCC (1 time)
sIL-2R (1 time)
2003 [Effect of langchuangding on serum soluble interleukin-2 receptor and neopterin level in patients of systemic lupus erythematosus].
84  language and communication disturbances
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
SZ (2 times)
Cc-Sr (1 time)
DIP (1 time)
2020 Use of the Communication Checklist - Self Report (Cc-Sr) in Schizophrenia: Language Impairments Correlate with Poor Premorbid Social Adjustment.
85  large cell D-type stent
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
Y-stent (1 time)
2011 Endoscopic bilateral metallic stenting for malignant hilar obstruction using newly designed stents.
86  largest cavity diameter
(1 time)
Chemistry, Physical
(1 time)
COFs (1 time)
GCMC (1 time)
MD (1 time)
2020 Computational Selection of High-Performing Covalent Organic Frameworks for Adsorption and Membrane-Based CO2/H2 Separation.
87  last chest tube day
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CPB (1 time)
POD (1 time)
2019 Analysis of Inflammatory Cytokines in Postoperative Fontan Pleural Drainage.
88  last collection date
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
--- 2016 Backdating of events in electronic primary health care data: should one censor at the date of last data collection.
89  Late Chronic Disability
(1 time)
Occupational Health
(1 time)
CDOMDs (1 time)
FRPs (1 time)
LOD (1 time)
2017 Does the Length of Disability between Injury and Functional Restoration Program Entry Affect Treatment Outcomes for Patients with Chronic Disabling Occupational Musculoskeletal Disorders?
90  late-onset circulatory dysfunction of premature infants
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
PVL (1 time)
2008 Late-onset circulatory dysfunction of premature infants and late-onset periventricular leukomalacia.
91  lateral compartment dissection
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
SCM (1 time)
TET (1 time)
2019 The patterns and treatment of postoperative hemorrhage and hematoma in total endoscopic thyroidectomy via breast approach: experience of 1932 cases.
92  lateral contact displacement
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
LPD (1 time)
PF (1 time)
2015 MRI-based analysis of patellofemoral cartilage contact, thickness, and alignment in extension, and during moderate and deep flexion.
93  layer charge density
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2010 N(2)-BET specific surface area of bentonites.
94  layered charge densities
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
MD (1 time)
TG-DTA (1 time)
2010 Benzocarbazole anions intercalated layered double hydroxide and its tunable fluorescence.
95  LC display
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
dsDNA (1 time)
IPS (1 time)
LC (1 time)
2015 In-Plane Switching Mode for Liquid Crystal Displays Using a DNA Alignment Layer.
96  LC with diabetes mellitus induced by streptozotocin
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
LC (1 time)
2014 Pharmacokinetic changes of drugs in a rat model of liver cirrhosis induced by dimethylnitrosamine, alone and in combination with diabetes mellitus induced by streptozotocin.
97  LCD and LED animals grew at a linear rate
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
LED (1 time)
Th (1 time)
1988 Alcohol and immune regulation. I. In vivo effects of ethanol on concanavalin A sensitive thymic lymphocyte function.
98  LCDI/IIIA
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
LCDI (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
RBCD (1 time)
2016 TGFBI Gene Mutation Analysis in Chinese Families with Corneal Dystrophies.
99  leaf cell death
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
CPSMV (1 time)
EMS (1 time)
2020 H2O2Accumulation, Host Cell Death and Differential Levels of Proteins Related to Photosynthesis, Redox Homeostasis, and Required for Viral Replication Explain the Resistance of EMS-mutagenized Cowpea to Cowpea Severe Mosaic Virus.
100  leaf curl disease
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
ALCCMA (1 time)
ALCCMB (1 time)
ALCCMV (1 time)
2011 Ageratum conyzoides: a host to a unique begomovirus disease complex in Cameroon.