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Abbreviation: LCs
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Langerhans cells
(797 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(226 times)
DCs (204 times)
DC (53 times)
DDCs (33 times)
1980 Contact hypersensitivity and Langerhans cells.
liquid crystals
(304 times)
Chemistry
(120 times)
GO (9 times)
POM (8 times)
CNTs (6 times)
1987 Absorption and scattering measurements of nematic liquid crystals.
light chains
(64 times)
Biochemistry
(13 times)
HCs (12 times)
AL (8 times)
LCDD (8 times)
1983 Myosin isoenzymes in fast-twitch and slow-twitch muscles of normal and dystrophic mice.
Leydig cells
(56 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(12 times)
SCs (7 times)
EDS (6 times)
AR (5 times)
1989 Differentiation and development of Leydig cells, and changes of testosterone levels during testicular differentiation in tilapiaOreochromis niloticus.
laparoscopic cholecystectomies
(18 times)
General Surgery
(17 times)
OCs (3 times)
OR (3 times)
LC (2 times)
1993 Comparison of laparoscopic cholecystectomy with open cholecystectomy in a single center.
luteal cells
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
VEGF (4 times)
CL (3 times)
HIF (3 times)
1987 Specificity of synaptic regeneration in the spinal cord of the larval sea lamprey.
lethal concentrations
(8 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
ECs (2 times)
BCFs (1 time)
CDC (1 time)
2012 Direct soil contact values for ecological receptors exposed to weathered petroleum hydrocarbon (PHC) fraction 2.
latent classes
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
LCA (2 times)
CAM (1 time)
CCPs (1 time)
2011 Examining the stability of DSM-IV and empirically derived eating disorder classification: implications for DSM-5.
learning communities
(6 times)
Education
(4 times)
LE (2 times)
CFM (1 time)
JHSOM (1 time)
2007 Medical students' perceptions of emerging learning communities at one medical school.
10  lung carcinoids
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ACs (3 times)
TCs (3 times)
SSTRs (2 times)
2007 Human papillomavirus-16 is integrated in lung carcinomas: a study in Chile.
11  learning curves
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CUSUM (2 times)
ARs (1 time)
HFMEA (1 time)
2015 Lessons learned from a comparative analysis of surgical outcomes of and learning curves for laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy.
12  level crossings
(5 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
BAC (1 time)
CIDNP (1 time)
CRT (1 time)
2006 Field-induced magnetoelastic instabilities in antiferromagnetic molecular wheels.
13  limit cycles
(5 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
EPs (2 times)
BI (1 time)
EAD (1 time)
1997 Convergent block-iterative algorithms for image reconstruction from inconsistent data.
14  Langerhans-type DCs
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CHL-NS (1 time)
CTLs (1 time)
DC (1 time)
2004 IFN-gamma enables cross-presentation of exogenous protein antigen in human Langerhans cells by potentiating maturation.
15  large cells
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
SCs (3 times)
CG (1 time)
MC (1 time)
1985 Effects of perfusion pressure on the bursting neurons in the intact or segmented cardiac ganglion of the lobster, Panulirus japonicus.
16  lateral cephalograms
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
BSSO (1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
DPTs (1 time)
2007 Accuracy of linear measurements from imaging plate and lateral cephalometric images derived from cone-beam computed tomography.
17  lung cancers
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
FGFR3 (1 time)
MRP (1 time)
NSC (1 time)
1998 Immunohistochemical detection of multidrug resistance protein in human lung cancer and normal lung.
18  lymphocyte counts
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
BMI (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
ECOG (1 time)
2016 Prognostic significance of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio and platelet-lymphocyte ratio in patients treated with selective internal radiation therapy.
19  lymphocytes
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ACs (1 time)
Con A (1 time)
DCs (1 time)
1993 Infiltrating lymphocytes and accessory cells in nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
20  lacquer cracks
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
BCVA (1 time)
CNV (1 time)
FA (1 time)
2018 Multimodal imaging of linear lesions in the fundus of pathologic myopic eyes with macular lesions.
21  Langerhans-type dendritic cells
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CTLs (1 time)
DTH (1 time)
MoDCs (1 time)
2006 Langerhans-type dendritic cells genetically modified to express full-length antigen optimally stimulate CTLs in a CD4-dependent manner.
22  Learning collaboratives
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
PSS (1 time)
2006 Evaluation of a learning collaborative to improve the delivery of preventive services by pediatric practices.
23  lengthening contractions
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ECM (1 time)
HSF (1 time)
HSP (1 time)
2008 Aging effects on passive resistive torque in the rat ankle joint after lengthening contractions.
24  luminal cells
(3 times)
Embryology
(1 time)
ALCs (1 time)
AVC (1 time)
ER (1 time)
2012 Epcam, CD44, and CD49f distinguish sphere-forming human prostate basal cells from a subpopulation with predominant tubule initiation capability.
25  luminescence centers
(3 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
CGCD (1 time)
HTTL (1 time)
PL (1 time)
2010 Experimental investigation of the 100 keV X-ray dose response of the high-temperature thermoluminescence in LiF:Mg,Ti (TLD-100): theoretical interpretation using the unified interaction model.
26  lymphoblastoid cells
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ATXN3 (1 time)
BL (1 time)
CMMRD (1 time)
2015 Diagnosis of Constitutional Mismatch Repair-Deficiency Syndrome Based on Microsatellite Instability and Lymphocyte Tolerance to Methylating Agents.
27  lymphoceles
(3 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
LAE (1 time)
LM (1 time)
US (1 time)
2009 Incidence, risk profile and morphological pattern of venous thromboembolism after prostate cancer surgery.
28  Langerhans cell-like dendritic cells
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DCs (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
MV (1 time)
2003 Down-regulation of Toll-like receptor expression in monocyte-derived Langerhans cell-like cells: implications of low-responsiveness to bacterial components in the epidermal Langerhans cells.
29  laterality coefficients
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
dRH (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
ERD (1 time)
2010 The relation between lateralisation, early start of training, and amount of practice in musicians: a contribution to the problem of handedness classification.
30  leading cells
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CAFs (1 time)
CM (1 time)
FCs (1 time)
2013 Significance of cancer-associated fibroblasts in the regulation of gene expression in the leading cells of invasive lung cancer.
31  lens capsules
(2 times)
Tissue Engineering
(1 time)
CXB (1 time)
DM (1 time)
IOLs (1 time)
2012 Sustained-release celecoxib from incubated acrylic intraocular lenses suppresses lens epithelial cell growth in an ex vivo model of posterior capsule opacity.
32  leukemic cells
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AML (1 time)
BLI (1 time)
LSCs (1 time)
2012 Serial monitoring of human systemic and xenograft models of leukemia using a novel vascular disrupting agent.
33  leukocyte concentrates
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
CFCs (1 time)
CPD (1 time)
FH (1 time)
1976 Preferential decrease in thymus dependent lymphocytes during storage at 4 C in anticoagulant.
34  liability claims
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
ASP (1 time)
DIs (1 time)
PPL (1 time)
2007 Exploiting gene x gene interaction in linkage analysis.
35  light-chains
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
LCDD (2 times)
AL-Am (1 time)
HMCs (1 time)
2004 AL-amyloidosis and light-chain deposition disease light chains induce divergent phenotypic transformations of human mesangial cells.
36  limbal crypts
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
BLCs (1 time)
FSPs (1 time)
hLE (1 time)
2013 Interactive 3D computer model of the human corneolimbal region: crypts, projections and stem cells.
37  liquid cultures
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CFC (1 time)
EPO (1 time)
GPA (1 time)
2004 Simultaneous maintenance of human cord blood SCID-repopulating cells and expansion of committed progenitors at low O2 concentration (3%).
38  liquid-crystalline compounds
(2 times)
Antineoplastic Agents
(1 time)
--- 2011 Suppressive effects of liquid crystal compounds on the growth of the A549 human lung cancer cell line.
39  local complications
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
AP (1 time)
CCI (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2012 Moderately severe acute pancreatitis: prospective validation of this new subgroup of acute pancreatitis.
40  low concentrations
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
AVD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
HCs (1 time)
2001 Induction of endothelial-leukocyte interaction by interferon-gamma requires coactivation of nuclear factor-kappaB.
41  luminescent concentrators
(2 times)
Optics and Photonics
(2 times)
LED (1 time)
QCW (1 time)
2015 Multi-exposure color imaging with stacked thin-film luminescent concentrators.
42  lumped constants
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
FDG (1 time)
MRSI (1 time)
PET (1 time)
1985 Glucose metabolic rate kinetic model parameter determination in humans: the lumped constants and rate constants for [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose and [11C]deoxyglucose.
43  lymphnode cells
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
ECs (1 time)
Ia (1 time)
JAG1 (1 time)
1987 Ia antigen expressed by keratinocytes can be the molecule of antigen presentation in contact sensitivity.
44  cell-like cells
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Acute undifferentiated leukemia (stem cell acute leukemia) showing differentiation to Langerhans cell-like cells in lymph nodes.
45  kappa-light chains
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
--- 2015 Crystalline light chain proximal tubulopathy with chronic renal failure and silicone gel breast implants: 1 case report.
46  labelled cells
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
--- 1990 Premitotic DNA synthesis in the brain of the adult frog (Rana esculenta L.): an autoradiographic 3H-thymidine study.
47  Laccases
(1 time)
Toxins, Biological
(1 time)
ABTS (1 time)
AS (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2016 Aflatoxin B₁ and M₁ Degradation by Lac2 from Pleurotus pulmonarius and Redox Mediators.
48  lactation consultants
(1 time)
Military Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2005 Comparison of breastfeeding rates among women delivering infants in military treatment facilities with and without lactation consultants.
49  lagging chromosomes
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
CBs (1 time)
MN (1 time)
MNi (1 time)
2008 Multiple origins of spontaneously arising micronuclei in HeLa cells: direct evidence from long-term live cell imaging.
50  lamellar corpuscles
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
--- 2018 Distribution of Pacini-Like Lamellar Corpuscles in the Vascular Sheath of the Femoral Artery.
51  laminar calcifications
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
DCIS (1 time)
GCs (1 time)
1996 Microcalcifications in ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast: histochemical and immunohistochemical study.
52  landrace cultivars
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
SSR (1 time)
2005 Wheat genetic diversity trends during domestication and breeding.
53  Langerin+ dendritic cells
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2012 Adoptive immunotherapy with Cl-IB-MECA-treated CD8+ T cells reduces melanoma growth in mice.
54  Langerin+Langerhans cells
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
BDCA (1 time)
BECs (1 time)
DCs (1 time)
2011 Significance of periductal Langerhans cells and biliary epithelial cell-derived macrophage inflammatory protein-3alpha in the pathogenesis of primary biliary cirrhosis.
55  lanthanide complexes
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
LDH (1 time)
UTFs (1 time)
2016 Preparation and Properties of Transparent Ultrathin Lanthanide-Complex Films.
56  laparoscopic cholangiograms
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
OC (1 time)
1999 The standard of laparoscopic intraoperative cholangiography: a quality control study.
57  laparoscopic clips
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
EBVS (1 time)
PCs (1 time)
UCS (1 time)
2003 Comparison of ultrasonic energy, bipolar thermal energy, and vascular clips for the hemostasis of small-, medium-, and large-sized arteries.
58  laptop - computers
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
SPFD (1 time)
WP (1 time)
2011 Evaluation and characterization of fetal exposures to low frequency magnetic fields generated by laptop computers.
59  Large cages
(1 time)
Laboratory Animal Science
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
SCs (1 time)
2018 Larger cages with housing unit environment enrichment improve the welfare of marmosets.
60  large capsules
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
EDL (1 time)
SCs (1 time)
1995 Immune reactions to Bacteroides fragilis populations with three different types of capsule in a model of infection.
61  large cigars
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
LCCs (1 time)
RRR (1 time)
2013 Primary and dual users of little cigars/cigarillos and large cigars: demographic and tobacco use profiles.
62  large colonies
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Flow cytometric isolation and clonal identification of self-renewing bipotent hepatic progenitor cells in adult mouse liver.
63  laryngeal clefts
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2017 A Mild Laryngeal Cleft Causes Severe Symptoms.
64  Late complications
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
DM (1 time)
HGP (1 time)
2012 Factors influencing outcome and incidence of late complications in children who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for hemoglobinopathy.
65  late components
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
CSD (1 time)
MOB (1 time)
1988 Current generators and properties of late components evoked in rat olfactory cortex.
66  lateral canals
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
NPV (1 time)
2017 Feasibility of Cone-beam Computed Tomography in Detecting Lateral Canals before and after Root Canal Treatment: An ExVivo Study.
67  lateral membrane contacts
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
AJC (1 time)
2016 DAAM1 stabilizes epithelial junctions by restraining WAVE complex-dependent lateral membrane motility.
68  lateral soma clusters
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BrdU (1 time)
OPNs (1 time)
2001 Neurogenesis in the central olfactory pathway of the adult shore crab Carcinus maenas is controlled by sensory afferents.
69  lattice cells
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 2018 The WAVE Regulatory Complex and Branched F-Actin Counterbalance Contractile Force to Control Cell Shape and Packing in the Drosophila Eye.
70  Lattice constants
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ANN (1 time)
PR (1 time)
2004 Prediction of apatite lattice constants from their constituent elemental radii and artificial intelligence methods.
71  laundering cycles
(1 time)
Carbohydrates
(1 time)
AMHMPA (1 time)
FR (1 time)
2018 A concise water-solvent synthesis of highly effective, durable, and eco-friendly flame-retardant coating on cotton fabrics.
72  lay counsellors
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
ART (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
HTC (1 time)
2016 The uncertain future of lay counsellors: continuation of HIV services in Lesotho under pressure.
73  lean controls
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
DBP (1 time)
Ob-MS (1 time)
2008 Association of lactate with blood pressure before and after rapid weight loss.
74  lean healthy control subjects
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
IRS-1 (1 time)
OCs (1 time)
T2D (1 time)
2014 Increased interaction with insulin receptor substrate 1, a novel abnormality in insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes.
75  learning computers
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2007 [The use of learning computers in the general educational system: hygienic aspects].
76  left carotid arteries
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
18F-FDG (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
RCs (1 time)
2014 Fiber-optic system for dual-modality imaging of glucose probes 18F-FDG and 6-NBDG in atherosclerotic plaques.
77  left colectomies
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
RCs (1 time)
2007 Outcomes of right- compared with left-side colectomy.
78  lens epithelial cells remaining following surgery
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
PCO (1 time)
TGF-beta (1 time)
2014 The roles of alphaV integrins in lens EMT and posterior capsular opacification.
79  lethal blood concentrations
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
--- 1999 Overview of the Final MEIC Results: II. The In Vitro--In Vivo Evaluation, Including the Selection of a Practical Battery of Cell Tests for Prediction of Acute Lethal Blood Concentrations in Humans.
80  lifestyle coaches
(1 time)
Obesity
(1 time)
DPP (1 time)
PCPs (1 time)
2012 One-year results of the Think Health! study of weight management in primary care practices.
81  lifestyle-related comorbidities
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2015 Association of Lifestyle-Related Comorbidities With Periodontitis: A Nationwide Cohort Study in Korea.
82  light cigarettes
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
FMD (1 time)
GTN (1 time)
NS (1 time)
2013 Effects of smoking regular or light cigarettes on brachial artery flow-mediated dilation.
83  Light-response curves
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2013 A method for the rapid generation of nonsequential light-response curves of chlorophyll fluorescence.
84  lignin-carbohydrate complexes
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HCMV (1 time)
HSV-1 and -2 (1 time)
NO (1 time)
2011 Antiviral and immunostimulating effects of lignin-carbohydrate-protein complexes from Pimpinella anisum.
85  Lignocelluloses
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2017 Dissolution of Lignocelluloses with a High Lignin Content in a N-Methylmorpholine-N-oxide Monohydrate Solvent System via Simple Glycerol-Swelling and Mechanical Pretreatments.
86  limb chondrocytes
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CCs (1 time)
ChIP (1 time)
IL-1beta (1 time)
2011 Requirement of the NF-kappaB pathway for induction of Wnt-5A by interleukin-1beta in condylar chondrocytes of the temporomandibular joint: functional crosstalk between the Wnt-5A and NF-kappaB signaling pathways.
87  limbal stem cells
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CFE (1 time)
EGF (1 time)
1999 [A study on proliferation and differentiation of limbal stem cells].
88  linear carboxlyates
(1 time)
--- 2016 Selectivity Across the Interface: A Test of Surface Activity in the Composition of Organic-Enriched Aerosols from Bubble Bursting.
89  Linear correlation coefficients
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
PTT (1 time)
1980 [Degree of correlation between pulse transit time (PTT) and arterial blood pressure: a question to its utility in blood pressure biofeedback (author's transl)].
90  lingual canals
(1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
LF (1 time)
2017 Lingual Foramina and Canals of the Mandible: Anatomic Variations in a Lebanese Population.
91  lipid classes
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
FA (1 time)
FR (1 time)
2009 Evaluation of quantitative importance of egg lipids and fatty acids during embryos and larvae development in marine pelagophil teleosts: with an emphasis on Dentex dentex.
92  lipid clinics
(1 time)
Pharmaceutical Services
(1 time)
HDL-C (1 time)
NCEP ATP III (1 time)
TC (1 time)
2005 Lipid levels and use of lipid-lowering drugs for patients in pharmacist-managed lipid clinics versus usual care in 2 VA Medical Centers.
93  lipid crystals
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
ECM (1 time)
FEA (1 time)
MNLO (1 time)
2014 Lipid crystals mechanically stimulate adjacent extracellular matrix in advanced atherosclerotic plaques.
94  lipocortins
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CRF (1 time)
GC (1 time)
rh (1 time)
1997 Neutrophil extracted lipocortin inhibits corticotropin secretion in the AtT-20 D16:16 clonal mouse pituitary cell line. Lipocortin inhibition of ACTH release in vitro.
95  lipoprotein components
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
ICE (1 time)
JV (1 time)
2010 Observed and predicted reduction of ischemic cardiovascular events in the Simvastatin and Ezetimibe in Aortic Stenosis trial.
96  liquid chromatographs
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
GC (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2005 Examples of doping control analysis by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry: ephedrines, beta-receptor blocking agents, diuretics, sympathomimetics, and cross-linked hemoglobins.
97  littermate controls
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
HSP (1 time)
IL (1 time)
mRNA (1 time)
2014 Heat shock protein-27 delays acute rejection after cardiac transplantation: an experimental model.
98  Little cigars
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CFTR (1 time)
GC-MS (1 time)
HBECs (1 time)
2017 Little Cigars are More Toxic than Cigarettes and Uniquely Change the Airway Gene and Protein Expression.
99  littoral cells
(1 time)
Hematologic Diseases
(1 time)
IL (1 time)
MF (1 time)
SVECs (1 time)
2018 The characteristics of vessel lining cells in normal spleens and their role in the pathobiology of myelofibrosis.
100  live bird market clusters
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
FCs (1 time)
2016 Epidemiological and virological differences in human clustered and sporadic infections with avian influenza A H7N9.