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Abbreviation: LDL
Appearance Frequency: 21292 time(s)
Long forms: 118

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
low-density lipoprotein
(20963 times)
Biochemistry
(3787 times)
HDL (6770 times)
VLDL (2116 times)
TG (1500 times)
1967 Dissociation of low density lipoprotein-antibody precipitates at alkaline pH.
low-density liquid
(51 times)
Chemistry
(12 times)
HDL (38 times)
TG (4 times)
VLDL (4 times)
1983 [Nonreceptor interaction of low-density lipoproteins with human fibroblasts].
loudness discomfort level
(41 times)
Audiology
(29 times)
ART (4 times)
MCL (4 times)
ABR (2 times)
1976 Psychometric functions for loudness discomfort and most comfortable loudness levels.
LDL-cholesterol
(37 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
HDL (20 times)
TG (19 times)
TC (15 times)
1992 Post-marketing surveillance of probucol (Sinlestal) in Japan.
lower detection limit
(25 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(6 times)
ELISA (3 times)
CV (2 times)
LAMP (2 times)
1993 Detection of airborne cocaine and heroin by high-throughput liquid-absorption preconcentration and liquid chromatography-electrochemical detection.
low-density cholesterol
(17 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
HDL (12 times)
TG (6 times)
BMI (2 times)
1982 Coronary prone behavior and cardiovascular reactions during the German version of the type A interview and during a quiz.
LDLox
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
apoB (2 times)
hs-CRP (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1992 High-density lipoprotein antagonizes the inhibitory effects of oxidized low-density lipoprotein and lysolecithin on soluble guanylyl cyclase.
lymph duct ligation
(8 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
BALF (2 times)
HS (2 times)
LC (2 times)
2001 Entry of gut lymph into the circulation primes rat neutrophil respiratory burst in hemorrhagic shock.
LDL subclass phenotype B
(7 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
NIDDM (3 times)
CHD (2 times)
FCHL (1 time)
1992 LDL subclass phenotypes and triglyceride metabolism in non-insulin-dependent diabetes.
10  lipoprotein+low-density lipoprotein
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
BMI (2 times)
AT (1 time)
EPA-E (1 time)
1993 Estrogen and estrogen-progestogen replacement: therapy and cardiovascular diseases.
11  low density LP
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
Lp (4 times)
VLDL (3 times)
HDL (2 times)
1977 Inheritance of type-III hyperlipoproteinemia. Lipoprotein patterns in first-degree relatives.
12  luminol-dependent luminescence
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
NL (2 times)
PMNL (2 times)
CB (1 time)
1987 The metabolite 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 enhances lymphokine-mediated activation of the oxidative metabolism of the U937 cell line and phosphorylation of a 48-kD respiratory burst-associated protein.
13  low density, low density
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
HDL (2 times)
apo (1 time)
APP (1 time)
1976 Atherogenic hyperlipoproteinemia induced by cholesterol feeding the Patas monkey.
14  LDL-c
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
AEX-HPLC (1 time)
ASCVD (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
2009 Analyzing of high-density lipoprotein subfractions and low-density lipoprotein subfractions in human serum with anion-exchange chromatography.
15  Long-loop thin descending limbs
(3 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
--- 1993 Structural-functional correlation in chinchilla long loop of Henle thin limbs: a novel papillary subsegment.
16  LDL minus
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2007 Selenium supplementation prevents the increase in atherogenic electronegative LDL (LDL minus) in the postprandial phase.
17  LDL subclass pattern B
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1999 Inter-relationships between small, dense low-density lipoprotein (LDL), plasma triacylglycerol and LDL apoprotein B in an atherogenic lipoprotein phenotype in free-living subjects.
18  linkage disequilibrium and linkage
(2 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
QTL (1 time)
2005 The role of pedigree information in combined linkage disequilibrium and linkage mapping of quantitative trait loci in a general complex pedigree.
19  low density lymphocytes
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
--- 1982 Circulating activated lymphocytes in rheumatoid arthritis: a marker of synovial inflammation.
20  low-density lipid particles
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DHCR7 (1 time)
EBP (1 time)
EGFR (1 time)
2009 Lactobacillus fermentum ME-3 - an antimicrobial and antioxidative probiotic.
21  lowest detection level
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
BAM (1 time)
FDA (1 time)
FTI (1 time)
2006 Preliminary evaluation of flow-through immunocapture followed by real-time PCR for the detection of Salmonella serovars on tomato surfaces within 8 hours.
22  125I-LDL for binding to the apo-B,E
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1985 Obligatory role of cholesterol and apolipoprotein E in the formation of large cholesterol-enriched and receptor-active high density lipoproteins.
23  125I-LDL to the apoB,E
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
apo (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
1987 Lipoproteins and their receptors in the central nervous system. Characterization of the lipoproteins in cerebrospinal fluid and identification of apolipoprotein B,E(LDL) receptors in the brain.
24  cholesterol-lowering statin has brought down my bad cholesterol
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 2002 Ask the doctor. Taking a cholesterol-lowering statin has brought down my bad cholesterol (LDL) to only 37 mg/dL. My liver and muscles are fine. The very low LDL worries my doctor. Should I change my regimen?
25  daily life
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
CFA (1 time)
EFA (1 time)
KHQ (1 time)
2004 Use of the short form of King's Health Questionnaire to measure quality of life in patients with an overactive bladder.
26  daunomycin-low density lipoprotein
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1988 Comparative cellular uptake and cytotoxicity of a complex of daunomycin-low density lipoprotein in human squamous lung tumour cell monolayers.
27  ester-labeled low density
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
IDL (1 time)
VLDL (1 time)
1989 A novel explanation for the reduced LDL cholesterol in severe hypertriglyceridemia.
28  fractions-Low Density Lipoproteins
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
HDL (1 time)
PBL (1 time)
VLDL (1 time)
1989 [The immunology of aging: immunoregulatory role of lipoproteins].
29  gas-low-density-liquid
(1 time)
Physics
(1 time)
HDL (1 time)
2002 Metastable liquid-liquid phase transition in a single-component system with only one crystal phase and no density anomaly.
30  homocystamide-low-density lipoprotein
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1999 Characterization of the adduct formed from the reaction between homocysteine thiolactone and low-density lipoprotein: antioxidant implications.
31  I-123-Low Density Lipoprotein
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1991 Recent developments in receptor binding radiopharmaceuticals.
32  isolated d less than 1.019 and d = 1.019-1.063
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1984 Comparison of various methods for in vitro cholesteryl ester labeling of lipoproteins from hypercholesterolemic rabbits.
33  L-deprenyl
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
CLG (1 time)
Exp. 1 (1 time)
MAOA (1 time)
1993 MAO-A and -B inhibitors selectively alter Xenopus mucus-induced behaviors of snakes.
34  L. delbrueckii subsp. lactis
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CPSP (1 time)
DPPH (1 time)
GABA (1 time)
2012 Effect of antioxidant activity and functional properties of Chingshey purple sweet potato fermented milk by Lactobacillus acidophilus, L. delbrueckii subsp. lactis, and L. gasseri strains.
35  Labeled low density
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CMR (1 time)
VLDL (1 time)
1983 Receptors for homologous plasma lipoproteins on a rat hepatoma cell line.
36  Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Antiproliferative effects and apoptosis induction by probiotic cytoplasmic extracts in fish cell lines.
37  laser destruction of the labyrinth
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
CSOM (1 time)
CT (1 time)
LF (1 time)
2012 [The retrospective clinical study of labyrinthine fistula associated with chronic suppurative otitis media and their treatment].
38  LDL and apoB concentrations were increased during consumption of fructose
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
apoB (1 time)
HFCS (1 time)
2011 Consumption of fructose and high fructose corn syrup increase postprandial triglycerides, LDL-cholesterol, and apolipoprotein-B in young men and women.
39  LDL baseline conjugated dienes
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2005 Acute prolonged exercise reduces moderately oxidized LDL in healthy men.
40  LDL binding to the apoB,E
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
apo (1 time)
1987 Receptor binding activity of lipid recombinants of apolipoprotein B-100 thrombolytic fragments.
41  LDL cholesterol level
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AVC (1 time)
CC (1 time)
EBT (1 time)
2001 Progression of aortic valve calcification: association with coronary atherosclerosis and cardiovascular risk factors.
42  LDL for the apoB,E
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AcLDL (1 time)
Bmax (1 time)
HMDM (1 time)
1990 Interaction of LDL with human arterial proteoglycans stimulates its uptake by human monocyte-derived macrophages.
43  LDL interacting with the apo-B,E
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1985 Receptor interactions controlling lipoprotein metabolism.
44  LDL to HDL cholesterol
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
LOV-D (1 time)
STD-D (1 time)
2007 Effects of a vegetarian diet and treatment preference on biochemical and dietary variables in overweight and obese adults: a randomized clinical trial.
45  LDL-AGEs
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AGEs (1 time)
2013 Studies on glycation of human low density lipoprotein: a functional insight into physico-chemical analysis.
46  LDL-apo B
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
apo (1 time)
HDL-C (1 time)
HDL-TG (1 time)
1997 Effect of a new HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, atorvastatin, on lipids, apolipoproteins and lipoprotein particles in patients with elevated serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
47  LDL-cholesteryl ester
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
--- 1989 Effects of chloroquine on the metabolism of phosphatidylcholine associated with low density lipoprotein in arterial smooth muscle cells.
48  LDL-In
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1976 Regulatory serum lipoproteins: regulation of lymphocyte stimulation by a species of low density lipoprotein.
49  LDL-like and HDL-like structures
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
DMSO (1 time)
DTA (1 time)
SCP (1 time)
2010 Supercooling of aqueous dimethylsulfoxide solution at normal and high pressures: Evidence for the coexistence of phase-separated aqueous dimethylsulfoxide solutions of different water structures.
50  LDL-phospholipid
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
--- 1989 Effects of chloroquine on the metabolism of phosphatidylcholine associated with low density lipoprotein in arterial smooth muscle cells.
51  LDL-Rm
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
AT1 (1 time)
LPL (1 time)
2006 The angiotensin II receptor antagonist valsartan enhances lipoprotein lipase mass in preheparin serum in type 2 diabetes with hypertension.
52  Lee index, glucose, insulin, HOMA-IR, triglycerides, cholesterol, low
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
APTT (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
BW (1 time)
2014 Effect of omega-3 fatty acids on haemostatic functions in urocortin-treated obese rats.
53  lesion is initiated by oxidation of two density lipoproteins
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 2002 [Oxidative stress, atherogenesis and cardiovascular risk factors].
54  less dense lymphocyte population
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
RA (1 time)
1984 Lymphocyte sub-populations and NSAIDs. Methodological aspects.
55  less dentated, round leaves
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
HDL (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2000 An efficient in vitro procedure for micropropagation and generation of somaclones of rose scented Pelargonium.
56  level of hyperlipidemia and atherogenic lipoprotein
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
--- 1990 [Hyperlipidemia impairs vascular endothelium-dependent relaxation in pig coronary arteries].
57  levels and CHOL
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CEDIA (1 time)
CNIs (1 time)
CsA (1 time)
2013 Lipid parameters, doses and blood levels of calcineurin inhibitors in renal transplant patients.
58  levels and to improve the balance between (V)low density lipoproteins
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
HDL (1 time)
2007 Nicotinic acid receptor subtypes and their ligands.
59  levels in primates by modifying lipid transfer processes
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CE (1 time)
EtOH (1 time)
HDL (1 time)
1985 Ethanol induced alterations in low and high density lipoproteins.
60  levels were significantly elevated compared with pretransplant levels
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
Chol (1 time)
CyA (1 time)
HDL (1 time)
2008 Correlation between lipid abnormalities and immunosuppressive therapy in renal transplant recipients with stable renal function.
61  levels, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia
(1 time)
AMI (1 time)
2014 Study of vitamin D deficiency prevalence in acute myocardial infarction.
62  likely causal role of certain risk factors, especially elevated serum
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1985 Ten years of the North Karelia project.
63  linear regression model revealed absence of correlation between log
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
ART (1 time)
2006 [Loudness discomfort level in normal hearing individuals].
64  lines of evidence that an unusual apo-B,E
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
beta-VLDL (1 time)
1986 Uptake of canine beta-very low density lipoproteins by mouse peritoneal macrophages is mediated by a low density lipoprotein receptor.
65  linkage disequilibrium
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
QTL (1 time)
2003 Fine mapping of complex trait genes combining pedigree and linkage disequilibrium information: a Bayesian unified framework.
66  lipid management over the control group
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
--- 2015 Evaluating the Effects of an Interdisciplinary Practice Model with Pharmacist Collaboration on HIV Patient Co-Morbidities.
67  lipid metabolism
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
HRQoL (1 time)
2007 Association of health-related quality of life with health examination and lifestyles of government managers in China.
68  lipids and beta-lipoprotein fractions
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1976 The causal role of hypoalbuminemia in human nephrotic hyperlipidemia.
69  lipids of low
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CE (1 time)
FC (1 time)
FED (1 time)
2006 Compound heterozygosity (G71R/R140H) in the lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) gene results in an intermediate phenotype between LCAT-deficiency and fish-eye disease.
70  lipids, and low
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HDL (1 time)
2001 Regulation of hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia by exogenous L-arginine in diabetic rats.
71  lipoprotein cholesterol, and pre-beta high-density lipoprotein
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
FED (1 time)
FLD (1 time)
HDL (1 time)
2005 The molecular basis of lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase deficiency syndromes: a comprehensive study of molecular and biochemical findings in 13 unrelated Italian families.
72  lipoprotein particle, does not contain a functional apo-B,E
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HDL (1 time)
Lp (1 time)
1987 Lipoprotein B37, a naturally occurring lipoprotein containing the amino-terminal portion of apolipoprotein B100, does not bind to the apolipoprotein B,E (low density lipoprotein) receptor.
73  lipoprotein particles of density 1.02-1.05 g/ml
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1990 Effect of dietary cholesterol on the lipoprotein profile and binding of radioiodinated lipoproteins to hepatic membranes in the cockerel (Gallus domesticus).
74  lipoprotein uptake is performed by the apolipoprotein B,E
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 1987 Lipoprotein uptake by neuronal growth cones in vitro.
75  lipoproteins in cerebrospinal fluid and identification of apolipoprotein B,E
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
apo (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
1987 Lipoproteins and their receptors in the central nervous system. Characterization of the lipoproteins in cerebrospinal fluid and identification of apolipoprotein B,E(LDL) receptors in the brain.
76  lipoproteins that bind defectively to the apoB,E
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
apo (1 time)
1989 Association between a specific apolipoprotein B mutation and familial defective apolipoprotein B-100.
77  lipoproteins, and not with apo-B-containing lipoproteins
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1981 Lipoprotein binding to canine hepatic membranes. Metabolically distinct apo-E and apo-B,E receptors.
78  liquids, low-density
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
FJ (1 time)
HDA (1 time)
HDL (1 time)
2013 Glass and liquid phase diagram of a polyamorphic monatomic system.
79  lithium disilicate
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
Op (2 times)
ZL (2 times)
CAD-CAM (1 time)
2018 Effect of metal opaquer on the final color of 3 ceramic crown types on 3 abutment configurations.
80  local heating, would be correlated with serum
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CVC (1 time)
HDL (1 time)
sLOX-1 (1 time)
2013 Cutaneous microvascular dysfunction correlates with serum LDL and sLOX-1 receptor concentrations.
81  locally desirable land
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CBGs (1 time)
2008 The importance of differentiating urban and rural phenomena in examining the unequal distribution of locally desirable land.
82  located on sections by anti-human apolipoprotein B-100
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 1989 Immunoelectron microscopic visualization of the transcytosis of low density lipoproteins in perfused rat arteries.
83  loin depth loss
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BFL (1 time)
BWL (1 time)
LWG (1 time)
2016 Estimation of genetic parameters for traits associated with reproduction, lactation, and efficiency in sows.
84  long day length
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
NDL (1 time)
SDL (1 time)
1999 Maternal photoperiodic exposures alter the neonatal growth, pineal functions and sexual development of the Indian palm squirrel F. pennanti. Short communication.
85  long descending thin limb of Henle's loop
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
SDL (1 time)
1990 Furosemide acts on short loop of descending thin limb, but not on long loop.
86  long dorsal sacroiliac ligament
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ASLR (1 time)
LBP (1 time)
PGP (1 time)
2009 Prognostic factors for recovery from postpartum pelvic girdle pain.
87  long term delayed luminescence in the seconds-range
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
--- 1992 Time-resolving luminescence techniques for possible detection of forest decline. I. Long term delayed luminescence.
88  long-loop thin descending limb of Henle
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1993 Model of ammonium and bicarbonate transport along LDL: implications for alkalinization of luminal fluid.
89  long-wave diathermy at low power
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
CIPN (1 time)
ITH (1 time)
NRS (1 time)
2016 Evaluation of the treatment of chronic chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy using long-wave diathermy and interferential currents: a randomized controlled trial.
90  loss and lowering of cholesterol
(1 time)
Family Practice
(1 time)
--- 2014 Long-Term Effect of Interactive Online Dietician Weight Loss Advice in General Practice (LIVA) Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial.
91  loss was mainly due to a decrease in beta-lipoproteins
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CRP (1 time)
1993 [Studies of lipid and lipoprotein metabolism in man after surgical interventions].
92  lovastatin decreases low density
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Low-dose combination therapy with colesevelam hydrochloride and lovastatin effectively decreases low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in patients with primary hypercholesterolemia.
93  Low density cholesterol levels
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
CIMT (1 time)
DAS28 (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2018 Atherosclerosis assessment and rheumatoid arthritis.
94  low dose Lupron
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
2hMG (1 time)
COH (1 time)
p-FSH (1 time)
1989 Controlled ovarian hyperstimulation for the new reproductive technologies.
95  low dynamic load
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ECM (1 time)
IVD (1 time)
LBP (1 time)
2012 Simulated-physiological loading conditions preserve biological and mechanical properties of caprine lumbar intervertebral discs in ex vivo culture.
96  low-density cholesterol lipoprotein
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
SIVA (1 time)
T1D (1 time)
2017 Short-term poor glycemic control and retinal microvascular changes in pediatric Type 1 Diabetes patients in Singapore: a pilot study.
97  low-density form of the liquid
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
MSM (1 time)
2016 Markov state model of the two-state behaviour of water.
98  low-density fraction of cholesterol
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
HDL (1 time)
SOD (1 time)
TG (1 time)
2013 Effect of bioactive substances found in rapeseed, raspberry and strawberry seed oils on blood lipid profile and selected parameters of oxidative status in rats.
99  low-density lipid cholesterol
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
ADP (1 time)
DC (1 time)
2008 Dark chocolate effect on platelet activity, C-reactive protein and lipid profile: a pilot study.
100  low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-to-HDL cholesterol
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CHD (1 time)
HDL (1 time)
2001 Effect of exercise intensity and frequency on lipid levels in men with coronary heart disease: Training Level Comparison Trial.