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Abbreviation: LDR
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
low-dose-rate
(503 times)
Neoplasms
(250 times)
HDR (254 times)
EBRT (51 times)
BT (30 times)
1983 A tumor/normal tissue advantage for low dose rate neutron brachytherapy.
ligase detection reaction
(126 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(17 times)
SNPs (33 times)
PCR (26 times)
SNP (13 times)
1995 Specific, sensitive, and rapid assay for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 pol mutations associated with resistance to zidovudine and didanosine.
low-dose radiation
(95 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
HDR (9 times)
WBI (4 times)
AR (3 times)
1987 Cancer and leukemia risks after low level radiation--controversy, facts and future.
linear dynamic range
(63 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(29 times)
LOD (24 times)
LOQ (9 times)
FTIR (5 times)
1994 Analysis of felodipine by packed column supercritical fluid chromatography with electron capture and ultraviolet absorbance detection.
long-distance runners
(21 times)
Sports Medicine
(8 times)
SPR (4 times)
UT (4 times)
CWL (3 times)
1980 Echocardiographic left ventricular masses in distance runners and weight lifters.
low dynamic range
(18 times)
Medical Informatics
(11 times)
HDR (16 times)
TMOs (2 times)
TMQI (2 times)
2008 Minimal-bracketing sets for high-dynamic-range image capture.
long-duration response
(16 times)
Neurology
(16 times)
SDR (6 times)
PD (5 times)
CDS (1 time)
1990 MAO and L-dopa treatment of Parkinson's disease.
length-to-diameter ratio
(10 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
ST (2 times)
AC (1 time)
AER (1 time)
1982 Malignant mesothelioma: ultrastructural distinction from adenocarcinoma.
light dependent resistor
(10 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(4 times)
LED (3 times)
Cr (1 time)
DC (1 time)
1990 Use of light-dependent-resistor circuit to remotely reset digital constancy meter.
10  low-dose gamma-radiation
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
SOD (3 times)
MDA (2 times)
4-HNE (1 time)
2013 PARP inhibition sensitizes to low dose-rate radiation TMPRSS2-ERG fusion gene-expressing and PTEN-deficient prostate cancer cells.
11  low-dose ionizing radiation
(7 times)
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
(2 times)
Con A (2 times)
cAMP (1 time)
CTL (1 time)
2005 Cell cycle regulators modulating con A mitogenesis and apoptosis in low-dose radiation-exposed mice.
12  linear detection range
(6 times)
Biotechnology
(4 times)
LOD (5 times)
CEA (2 times)
QDs (2 times)
2013 Ionic liquid functionalized graphene/Au nanocomposites and its application for electrochemical immunosensor.
13  low drug resistance
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
EDR (4 times)
IDR (4 times)
5-FU (1 time)
1998 Heterogeneity of drug resistance in human breast and ovarian cancers.
14  low-dose-rate brachytherapy
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
EBRT (2 times)
HDR (2 times)
RP (2 times)
2001 [Low dose brachytherapy with seeds--an interdisciplinary therapy alternative to radical prostatectomy].
15  level to dose ratio
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
VPA (3 times)
anti-mTOR (1 time)
CBZ (1 time)
1981 Reduction of steady-state valproate levels by other antiepileptic drugs.
16  load deflection rate
(5 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
MEAW (2 times)
NiTi (1 time)
OCRS (1 time)
2000 Palatal finger springs in removable orthodontic appliances--an in vitro study.
17  long direct repeat
(5 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
Chi (1 time)
IRU (1 time)
ISs (1 time)
1999 Long inverted repeats are an at-risk motif for recombination in mammalian cells.
18  larval development rate
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AVS (1 time)
DI (1 time)
ELS (1 time)
2003 Effects of three PBDEs on development, reproduction and population growth rate of the harpacticoid copepod Nitocra spinipes.
19  less-drug regimens
(4 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
ART (2 times)
cART (2 times)
HIV (2 times)
2014 Central nervous system HIV infection in "less-drug regimen" antiretroviral therapy simplification strategies.
20  labor, delivery, recovery
(3 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
--- 1991 Count on spending $35,000 per LDR (labor delivery-recovery) unit for monitors and equipment.
21  linear depolarization ratio
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
SNSPD (1 time)
2016 Linear depolarization of lidar returns by aged smoke particles.
22  linear dimensionality reduction
(3 times)
Proteomics
(1 time)
SVM (2 times)
GR (1 time)
IG (1 time)
2004 Linear dimensionality reduction via a heteroscedastic extension of LDA: the Chernoff criterion.
23  long down regulation
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
IVF (2 times)
rLH (2 times)
beta-hCG (1 time)
2011 The impact of long down regulation in vitro fertilisation cycles on patients' weight.
24  labor and delivery room
(2 times)
Anesthesia
(1 time)
QPP (1 time)
2017 The Influence of Nature Stimulus in Enhancing the Birth Experience.
25  laser doppler readings
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
BOP (1 time)
CAL (1 time)
PD (1 time)
1995 An evaluation of laser Doppler readings obtained from human gingival sulci.
26  latency delayed rate
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ARR (2 times)
BPI (1 time)
CARR (1 time)
2014 Changes of the donor nerve in end-to-side neurorrhaphies with epineurial window and partial neurectomy: a long-term evaluation in the rat model.
27  less developed regions
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
MDR (2 times)
2010 Global drug development in cancer: a cross-sectional study of clinical trial registries.
28  lethal dose ratio
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
7-CP (1 time)
Bti (1 time)
CL (1 time)
2001 Evaluation of liquid Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis products for control of Australian Aedes arbovirus vectors.
29  leucine disposal rate
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
MHD (2 times)
GDR (1 time)
HEAC (1 time)
2016 Leucine disposal rate for assessment of amino acid metabolism in maintenance hemodialysis patients.
30  live-dead ratio
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
AGB (1 time)
GnRH (1 time)
Hb (1 time)
2016 Effect of Surgical and Immunological Castration on Haematological Variables, Reproductive Hormones and Ejaculate Characteristics in Mongrel Dogs.
31  local defect resonances
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
NACE (1 time)
SNR (1 time)
2015 Detection of defect parameters using nonlinear air-coupled emission by ultrasonic guided waves at contact acoustic nonlinearities.
32  log dose-response
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(2 times)
i.c.v (1 time)
i.p (1 time)
1980 Log dose/response curve flattening in rats after daily injection of opiates.
33  low density rate
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
BGT (1 time)
HDR (1 time)
HDRS (1 time)
1993 Brain atrophy and intellectual impairment in tardive dyskinesia.
34  lysozyme-DNase-RNase
(2 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
AG (1 time)
KM (1 time)
1997 A new simple assay for determining aminoglycoside inactivation in intact cells of Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
35  followinglow dose rate
(1 time)
BED (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2018 Resection Cavity Contraction Effects in the Use of Radioactive Sources (1-25 versus Cs-131) for Intra-Operative Brain Implants.
36  labial dentary ridge
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
mAME (1 time)
2018 New Reconstruction of Cranial Musculature in Ornithischian Dinosaurs: Implications for Feeding Mechanisms and Buccal Anatomy.
37  Laboratory Research Division
(1 time)
Breast Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2009 Report of the EORTC Laboratory Research Division (LDR) Meeting: March 18, 2009, Brussels, Belgium.
38  land disposal restriction
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2004 Advances in encapsulation technologies for the management of mercury-contaminated hazardous wastes.
39  large dynamic range
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
4-AP (1 time)
FESEM (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
2017 Ultrasensitive and selective 4-aminophenol chemical sensor development based on nickel oxide nanoparticles decorated carbon nanotube nanocomposites for green environment.
40  larger delayed reward
(1 time)
Diagnostic Techniques, Neurological
(1 time)
HC (1 time)
PG (1 time)
SIR (1 time)
2015 The neural basis of impulsive discounting in pathological gamblers.
41  larvae disappearing reaction
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1986 Sensibility of different larval stages of Schistosoma mansoni to the larvae disappearing reaction (LDR) in murine schistosomiasis (1).
42  lateral decubitus radiograph
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
CCT (1 time)
LER (1 time)
PPE (1 time)
2011 Computed tomography measurements of parapneumonic effusion indicative of thoracentesis.
43  lateral dorsal raphe nucleus
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 1992 [Research on serotonergic neurons in lateral raphe nucleus of rat with intracellular injection HRP technique].
44  Latissimus Dorsi reconstructions
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BR (1 time)
RRM (1 time)
SPR (1 time)
2016 Resource implications of risk-reducing mastectomy and reconstruction.
45  lattice dispersion relation
(1 time)
Physics
(1 time)
DDA (1 time)
FCD (1 time)
2010 Application of the discrete dipole approximation to very large refractive indices: Filtered coupled dipoles revived.
46  LDR versus SDR
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
HR (1 time)
LV (1 time)
1999 Systolic and diastolic cardiac function time intervals and exercise capacity in women.
47  leakage detection rates
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
LFLT (1 time)
OFLT (1 time)
2000 A comparison between low-flow leak test and oxygen flush leak test.
48  learner disagreement from experiment resampling
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2008 Towards the optimal design of numerical experiments.
49  length and the diameter of the comet head
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
BaP (1 time)
MN (1 time)
SCGE (1 time)
2008 Assessment of the genotoxic potential of benzo(a)pyrene and pp'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene in Zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha).
50  length of diseased rachides
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
NDS (1 time)
QTL (1 time)
RIL (1 time)
2004 Mapping QTL associated with resistance to Fusarium head blight in the Nanda2419 x Wangshuibai population. I. Type II resistance.
51  length to diameter
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
--- 1985 An ultrastructural comparison of mesotheliomas with adenocarcinomas of the lung and breast.
52  leprosy detection rate
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
SDI (1 time)
2017 Social deprivation index and leprosy in Para State, Brazil, in 2013: spatial analysis.
53  lesion-disc ratio
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CER (1 time)
FF (1 time)
2014 Differentiation between focal malignant marrow-replacing lesions and benign red marrow deposition of the spine with T2*-corrected fat-signal fraction map using a three-echo volume interpolated breath-hold gradient echo Dixon sequence.
54  leucocyte disappearance reaction
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
--- 1978 The leucocoyte disappearance reaction in non-immune acute inflammation.
55  levodopa responsiveness
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
ADLs (1 time)
DBS (1 time)
LQ study (1 time)
2019 Comparing two randomized deep brain stimulation trials for Parkinson's disease.
56  lifetime data repository
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 1994 HELP the next generation: a new client-server architecture.
57  ligand-DNA ratios
(1 time)
--- 2017 8-Styryl-substituted coralyne derivatives as DNA binding fluorescent probes.
58  ligase detection reaction allelic
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
LD (1 time)
SNPs (1 time)
2012 Association of single nucleotide polymorphisms of IL23R and IL17 with ulcerative colitis risk in a Chinese Han population.
59  ligase detection reaction technique
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
aMCI (1 time)
2018 [Genes polymorphism of BIN1 and ApoE in patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment from Enshi Tujia area].
60  ligase-dependent reaction
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
RCA (1 time)
2018 Comparison of the rolling circle amplification and ligase-dependent reaction methods for the identification of opportunistic Exophiala species.
61  light-defocusing plastic rod
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 1981 Studies on the light-focusing plastic rod. 11: Preparation of a light-defocusing plastic rod.
62  LINCS Data Registry
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DCIC (1 time)
DSGCs (1 time)
LDP (1 time)
2018 Data Portal for the Library of Integrated Network-based Cellular Signatures (LINCS) program: integrated access to diverse large-scale cellular perturbation response data.
63  Linked Dual Representation
(1 time)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
--- 2013 The Linked Dual Representation model of vocal perception and production.
64  liver-disease-related
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
SAE (1 time)
2003 Long-term safety of lamivudine treatment in patients with chronic hepatitis B.
65  living donor kidney transplant recipients
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
DDR (1 time)
HL (1 time)
LD (1 time)
2014 Health literacy of living kidney donors and kidney transplant recipients.
66  load dependent relaxation
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2000 Mathematical modeling of the effect of the sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium pump function on load dependent myocardial relaxation.
67  load-to-damage relationship
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CI-AKI (1 time)
CrCl (1 time)
2014 Refining the assessment of contrast-induced acute kidney injury: the load-to-damage relationship.
68  loading dose regimen
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
GP (1 time)
PTR (1 time)
TTO (1 time)
2006 Pharmacologic inhibition of platelet vWF-GPIb alpha interaction prevents coronary artery thrombosis.
69  locally deformed-ring
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CCW (1 time)
CW (1 time)
2016 Locally deformed-ring hybrid microlasers exhibiting stable unidirectional emission from a Si waveguide.
70  location discrimination reversal
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
SZ (1 time)
2018 The location discrimination reversal task in mice is sensitive to deficits in performance caused by aging, pharmacological and other challenges.
71  locus derepression
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GFP (1 time)
qHTS (1 time)
2008 A quantitative high-throughput screen identifies potential epigenetic modulators of gene expression.
72  log-linear declining relative risk
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
EDR (1 time)
PLE (1 time)
RR (1 time)
2005 Estimation of future mortality rates and life expectancy in chronic medical conditions.
73  long DNA repeat
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
ddPCR (1 time)
2016 Detection and quantification of Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia malayi DNA in blood samples and mosquitoes using duplex droplet digital polymerase chain reaction.
74  long duration runners
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
HR (1 time)
LV (1 time)
1999 Systolic and diastolic cardiac function time intervals and exercise capacity in women.
75  long-distance referrals
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
DAP (1 time)
ICT (1 time)
MTE (1 time)
2018 Endovascular Thrombectomy in Acute Ischemic Stroke: Outcome in Referred Versus Directly Admitted Patients.
76  longitudinal dose response
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
ANN (1 time)
KP (1 time)
KP-SLN (1 time)
2016 Topical ketoprofen nanogel: artificial neural network optimization, clustered bootstrap validation, and in vivo activity evaluation based on longitudinal dose response modeling.
77  low dietary restraint
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
BED (1 time)
CBT (1 time)
DRO (1 time)
2013 Predicting group cognitive-behavioral therapy outcome of binge eating disorder using empirical classification.
78  low dose rate cancer effect
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
DDREF (1 time)
2018 Nuclear epidemiologic studies and the estimation of DREF.
79  low dose Rauwolfia
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 2015 Rauwolfia in the Treatment of Hypertension.
80  low responders
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DIO (1 time)
HDR (1 time)
ND (1 time)
2016 Pancreatic beta-Cell Dysfunction in Diet-Induced Obese Mice: Roles of AMP-Kinase, Protein Kinase Cepsilon, Mitochondrial and Cholesterol Metabolism, and Alterations in Gene Expression.
81  low-ADL--dependent nursing home residents
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
ADLs (1 time)
2001 Clinical characteristics and six-month outcomes of nursing home residents with low activities of daily living dependency.
82  Low-data-rate
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ATM (1 time)
HDR (1 time)
1999 NASA/DARPA advanced communications technology satellite project for evaluation of telemedicine outreach using next-generation communications satellite technology: Mayo Foundation participation.
83  low-dosage regimen
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
HDR (1 time)
NS (1 time)
1988 Naproxen sodium in treatment of bone pain due to metastatic cancer.
84  low-dose HIR
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GO (1 time)
HDR (1 time)
HIR (1 time)
2018 Analysis of DNA methylation alterations in rice seeds induced by different doses of carbon-ion radiation.
85  Low-dose radiotherapy
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
2012 Low-dose radiotherapy as a chemo-potentiator of a chemotherapy regimen with pemetrexed for recurrent non-small-cell lung cancer: a prospective phase II study.
86  low-dose range
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CCCP (1 time)
ETC (1 time)
HDR (1 time)
2018 Regulated Cell Death of Lymphoma Cells after Graded Mitochondrial Damage is Differentially Affected by Drugs Targeting Cell Stress Responses.
87  low-dose rate prostate
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
2011 [The chronological process of erectile function after low-dose rate prostate brachytherapy for localised prostate cancer].
88  low-dose RE
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
5-FU (1 time)
HDR (1 time)
MPO (1 time)
2016 Rhubarb extract partially improves mucosal integrity in chemotherapy-induced intestinal mucositis.
89  low-dose rituximab
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
LDKT (1 time)
2015 Evaluation of rituximab dosage for ABO-incompatible living-donor kidney transplantation.
90  low-dose rosiglitazone
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
HDR (1 time)
NB (1 time)
2018 Effects of prenatal PPAR-gamma agonist rosiglitazone exposure on rat hippocampus development in a time-dependent manner: A stereological and histopathological study.
91  low-dose X-ray radiation
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2014 [Genome-wide screening of CpG island methylation changes induced by low-dose X-ray radiation in mice].
92  low-dose-rate brachytherapy implant
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EBRT (1 time)
PSA (1 time)
2010 PSA decrease during combined-modality radiotherapy predicts for treatment outcome.
93  low-dose-rate prostate brachytherapy
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ADT (1 time)
bRFS (1 time)
cRFS (1 time)
2017 A Comparison Between Low-Dose-Rate Brachytherapy With or Without Androgen Deprivation, External Beam Radiation Therapy With or Without Androgen Deprivation, and Radical Prostatectomy With or Without Adjuvant or Salvage Radiation Therapy for High-Risk Prostate Cancer.
94  low/intermediate dose Cesium-137
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
HDR (1 time)
1993 Intracavitary radiation in the treatment of advanced esophageal carcinoma: a comparison of high dose rate vs. low dose rate brachytherapy.
95  LPS-dependent release on a per monocyte basis
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 2013 Changes in spontaneous and LPS-induced ex vivo cytokine production and mRNA expression in male and female athletes following prolonged exhaustive exercise.
96  lumbar disc replacement
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
LBOS (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2013 Ten-year survival and clinical outcome of the AcroFlex lumbar disc replacement for the treatment of symptomatic disc degeneration.
97  lymphoproliferative disease response
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
CLL (1 time)
DAAs (1 time)
2016 Interferon-free antiviral treatment in B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders associated with hepatitis C virus infection.
98  reaction(PCR)-ligase detection reaction
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
IA (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
SNP (1 time)
2017 CDKN2BAS gene polymorphisms and the risk of intracranial aneurysm in the Chinese population.
99  specialty-long-distance runners
(1 time)
Athletic Injuries
(1 time)
LDS (1 time)
SDR (1 time)
SDS (1 time)
2015 ACTN3 Polymorphism: Comparison Between Elite Swimmers and Runners.
100  weight--level-to-dose ratio
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
CBZ (1 time)
LTG (1 time)
MSM (1 time)
1999 Influence of oxcarbazepine and methsuximide on lamotrigine concentrations in epileptic patients with and without valproic acid comedication: results of a retrospective study.