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Abbreviation: LED
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
light-emitting diode
(2398 times)
Dentistry
(343 times)
QTH (119 times)
PDT (82 times)
UV (55 times)
0 Red-Green Versus Blue Tactical Light: A Direct, Objective Comparison.
levodopa equivalent dose
(70 times)
Neurology
(33 times)
PD (56 times)
UPDRS (24 times)
DBS (18 times)
2001 Subthalamic nucleus stimulation for Parkinson disease: benefits observed in levodopa-intolerant patients.
low-energy diet
(24 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(9 times)
VLED (4 times)
FFM (3 times)
HED (3 times)
1993 Effect of weight loss on regional body fat distribution in premenopausal women.
lowest effective dose
(12 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(3 times)
HID (4 times)
ORT (2 times)
5-CSRTT (1 time)
1984 An analysis of the spectra of genetic activity produced by known or suspected human carcinogens.
low energy density
(10 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
HED (7 times)
BMI (2 times)
CHO (1 time)
1998 Covert manipulation of energy density of high carbohydrate diets in 'pseudo free-living' humans.
lupus erythematosus disseminatus
(10 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
ANA (1 time)
RA (1 time)
1962 [The renal manifestations of lupus erythematosus, disseminatus (L.E.D.)].
local energy decomposition
(9 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
AM (1 time)
cDVHs (1 time)
DPK (1 time)
2015 Differences in 3D dose distributions due to calculation method of voxel S-values and the influence of image blurring in SPECT.
light emission diode
(8 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
ARA II (1 time)
CCFL (1 time)
CFU (1 time)
2012 n-ZnO nanorods/p+-Si (111) heterojunction light emitting diodes.
liposome-encapsulated doxorubicin
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
DOX (2 times)
MTD (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
1990 Antitumor activity of liposome-encapsulated doxorubicin in advanced breast cancer: phase II study.
10  low-energy-dense
(8 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
HED (8 times)
ITT (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
2012 Expected satiation after repeated consumption of low- or high-energy-dense soup.
11  ledipasvir
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
SOF (5 times)
DAC (2 times)
HCV (2 times)
2017 Development a validated highly sensitive LC-MS/MS method for simultaneous quantification of Ledipasvir, sofosbuvir and its major metabolite GS-331007 in human plasma: Application to a human pharmacokinetic study.
12  leucocyte esterase dipstick
(7 times)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(4 times)
STD (2 times)
BV (1 time)
EGS (1 time)
1991 Surrogate methods to diagnose gonococcal and chlamydial cervicitis: comparison of leukocyte esterase dipstick, endocervical gram stain, and culture.
13  longitudinal eddy current delay
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
BPLED (2 times)
CPMG (1 time)
DOSY (1 time)
1999 Determination of the relative NH proton lifetimes of the peptide analogue viomycin in aqueous solution by NMR-based diffusion measurement.
14  lower-extremity disease
(6 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
PAD (4 times)
PN (3 times)
CHD (2 times)
1997 Effect of peripheral vascular disease on long-term mortality after coronary artery bypass graft surgery.
15  left-ear-down
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
RED (3 times)
Otop1 (2 times)
VOR (2 times)
1998 Visually perceived vertical and visually perceived horizontal are not orthogonal.
16  longitudinal eddy-delay
(4 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
CPMG (4 times)
NMR (3 times)
PCA (3 times)
2008 [Metabonomic study on the regulatory effect of xiaoyao powder on chronic immobilization stressed rats].
17  lamellar epithelial debridement
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
UCVA (3 times)
SE (2 times)
BCVA (1 time)
2009 Comparison of early postoperative clinical outcomes of photorefractive keratectomy and lamellar epithelial debridement.
18  lateral electron disequilibrium
(3 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
SBRT (3 times)
MV (2 times)
RDDF (2 times)
2012 An in-depth Monte Carlo study of lateral electron disequilibrium for small fields in ultra-low density lung: implications for modern radiation therapy.
19  leaf elongation duration
(3 times)
Botany
(3 times)
LER (2 times)
GAI (1 time)
2004 From individual leaf elongation to whole shoot leaf area expansion: a comparison of three Aegilops and two Triticum species.
20  Lipase Engineering Database
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AnFaeA (1 time)
CAL-A (1 time)
PNPB (1 time)
2003 The Lipase Engineering Database: a navigation and analysis tool for protein families.
21  lipid-enriched diet
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
VCP (2 times)
AD (1 time)
ALS (1 time)
2014 Lipid-enriched diet rescues lethality and slows down progression in a murine model of VCP-associated disease.
22  local edge detector
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
IPL (1 time)
ST (1 time)
2005 "Small-tufted" ganglion cells and two visual systems for the detection of object motion in rabbit retina.
23  infrared-light-emitting diode
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
Tlim (1 time)
2011 Effects of infrared-LED illumination applied during high-intensity treadmill training in postmenopausal women.
24  large extra-cellular domain
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
TSP (1 time)
2003 Structural requirements for the inhibitory action of the CD9 large extracellular domain in sperm/oocyte binding and fusion.
25  large extrachromosomal DNA
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
SL (1 time)
1992 Identification of a novel large extrachromosomal DNA (LED) in the Trypanosomatidae.
26  large-eddy-diffusivity
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
PDF (2 times)
2011 PDF equations for advective-reactive transport in heterogeneous porous media with uncertain properties.
27  lattice energy density
(2 times)
Chemistry, Inorganic
(1 time)
BHFC (1 time)
LIDTs (1 time)
NLO (1 time)
2007 Lattice energy and mechanical stiffness of hydroxyapatite.
28  lead extraction difficulty
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CI (2 times)
PCTL (2 times)
OR (1 time)
2014 Predicting the difficulty of a lead extraction procedure: the LED index.
29  LED therapy
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
CWI (2 times)
CK (1 time)
CO (1 time)
2012 Effects of light emitting diode (LED) therapy and cold water immersion therapy on exercise-induced muscle damage in rats.
30  life expectancy with disability
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
DFLE (1 time)
2014 The contributions of diseases to disability burden among the elderly population in China.
31  light-emitting diode application
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
HR (1 time)
NIR (1 time)
PLA (1 time)
2018 Modification in oxidative processes in muscle tissues exposed to laser- and light-emitting diode radiation.
32  light-emitting diode-generated
(2 times)
Skin Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2010 Design and fabrication of a fingerprint imager with compact LED illumination and compact imaging optics.
33  liquid ethanol diet
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
LD (1 time)
NMR (1 time)
PC (1 time)
1998 Host response to mycobacterial infection in the alcoholic rat: male and female dimorphism.
34  Local Experienced Discomfort Scale
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
SMEQ (2 times)
dVSSC (1 time)
SILC (1 time)
2012 An ergonomic study of single-port versus multi-port laparoscopic mesh insertion for ventral hernia repair.
35  LORS-Enabled Dialogue
(2 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
LORS (1 time)
PANSS (1 time)
2008 The LORS-enabled dialogue: improving insight in psychotic illnesses.
36  lower extremity dexterity
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
ACL (1 time)
2014 Control of dynamic foot-ground interactions in male and female soccer athletes: females exhibit reduced dexterity and higher limb stiffness during landing.
37  lumbar external CSF drainage
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
RTT (2 times)
CSF (1 time)
CSFTT (1 time)
2007 Predicting the outcome of shunt surgery in normal pressure hydrocephalus.
38  electrophoresis-light emitting diode
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2003 Determination of riboflavin in urine by capillary electrophoresis-blue light emitting diode-induced fluorescence detection combined with a stacking technique.
39  L-edge densitometry
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
HLED (1 time)
ITV (1 time)
XRF (1 time)
2019 Material mixture solution analysis by a hybrid L-edge/L-XRF densitometer.
40  Lamp Emitting Diode
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
BVDV (1 time)
FFP (1 time)
MB (1 time)
2014 Inactivation of model viruses suspended in fresh frozen plasma using novel methylene blue based device.
41  laparoscopic extravesical detrussoraphy
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
LOS (1 time)
VUR (1 time)
2012 Single-center experience with pediatric laparoscopic extravesical reimplantation: safe and effective in simple and complex anatomy.
42  large empirical data set
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2008 Multilocus analysis of variation using a large empirical data set: phenylpropanoid pathway genes in Arabidopsis thaliana.
43  laryngoesophageal dysfunction
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2010 Larynx preservation clinical trial design: summary of key recommendations of a consensus panel.
44  laser emitting diodes
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
Me-beta-CD (1 time)
2017 Sequestration Effect on the Open-Cyclic Switchable Property of Warfarin Induced by Cyclodextrin: Time-Resolved Fluorescence Study.
45  laser speckle effect against the more widely used normal light
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Texture-based characterization of subskin features by specified laser speckle effects at lamda = 650 nm region for more accurate parametric 'skin age' modelling.
46  late embryonic death
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
NP/EED (1 time)
OT (1 time)
PREG (1 time)
2018 Different prostaglandin F2 alpha secretion in response to oxytocin injection between pregnant and non-pregnant cows: effect of the day of oxytocin challenge test for determining the difference.
47  late extended dosing
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
EED (1 time)
EID (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2016 Extended interval dosing of natalizumab in multiple sclerosis.
48  latent error detection
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Latent error detection: A golden two hours for detection.
49  LD-equivalent dose
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
DBS (1 time)
LD (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2016 Benefits of subthalamic stimulation for elderly parkinsonian patients aged 70 years or older.
50  LED lamp, LED panel
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2014 [Functional state of the visual analyzer in the conditions of the use of traditional and LED light sources].
51  LED light (400-490 nm) group
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CL (1 time)
LL (1 time)
2016 The Comparison of the Efficacy of Blue Light-Emitting Diode Light and 980-nm Low-Level Laser Light on Bone Regeneration.
52  LED-light
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CXM (1 time)
QTH (1 time)
2010 Effect of Energy Density on the Physical Properties of Resin-Based Restorative Materials when Polymerized with Quartz-Tungsten Halogen or LED-Light.
53  LED-w
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
FR (1 time)
HPS (1 time)
MH (1 time)
2018 Supplementary Light Source Affects the Growth and Development of Codonopsis lanceolata Seedlings.
54  LEDemetron II
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
KHN (1 time)
2010 Knoop microhardness mapping used to compare the efficacy of LED, QTH and PAC curing lights.
55  Ledermix
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
APCA (1 time)
BL (1 time)
GMTA (1 time)
2016 Influence of the bleaching interval on the luminosity of long-term discolored enamel-dentin discs.
56  Left ear dominant
(1 time)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
RED (1 time)
1990 Ear dominance and laterality of cortical activation identified by event-related desynchronization mapping.
57  left-ear deficits
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
--- 2004 ERP evidence of a dichotic left-ear deficit in some dyslexic children.
58  left-ear disadvantage
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
AERP (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
CL (1 time)
2013 Electrophysiological evidence of augmented interaural asymmetry in middle-aged listeners.
59  LEISHMANIA-ELISA DOG
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
IFAT (1 time)
IL (1 time)
2014 Serological diagnosis of canine leishmaniosis: comparison of three commercially available tests.
60  lens equatorial diameter
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CMRD (1 time)
2013 Quantification of age-related and per diopter accommodative changes of the lens and ciliary muscle in the emmetropic human eye.
61  lesion-to-eloquence distance
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
BAVMs (1 time)
DTI (1 time)
mRS (1 time)
2018 A supplementary grading scale combining lesion-to-eloquence distance for predicting surgical outcomes of patients with brain arteriovenous malformations.
62  level of exposure to death and dying
(1 time)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
BU (1 time)
CS (1 time)
DA (1 time)
2018 Association between level of exposure to death and dying and professional quality of life among palliative care workers.
63  Levenshtein edit distance
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
INNs (1 time)
LASA (1 time)
WHO (1 time)
2015 Patient Safety in Medication Nomenclature: Orthographic and Semantic Properties of International Nonproprietary Names.
64  lidocaine-epinephrine-dextran solution
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
--- 1991 [Effect of lidocaine-epinephrine-dextran solution on the plasma epinephrine concentration during spinal surgery--how to avoid circulatory complications due to the use of epinephrine for hemostasis].
65  Lieber diet
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
LCD (1 time)
Th (1 time)
1988 Alcohol and immune regulation. I. In vivo effects of ethanol on concanavalin A sensitive thymic lymphocyte function.
66  Life expectancy deficit
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
DLE (1 time)
1986 [Life expectancy deficit (LED). A criterion for evaluating the course of malignant tumors. A statistical survey based on 70,231 malignant diseases with special reference to cases with spinal metastases].
67  life with dependency
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
ILE (1 time)
LE (1 time)
1999 Independent life expectancy in New Zealand, 1996-97.
68  ligand-enhanced dissolution
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
LE (1 time)
MI-RAC (1 time)
PTE (1 time)
2017 Potential toxic trace element (PTE) contamination in Baoji urban soil (NW China): spatial distribution, mobility behavior, and health risk.
69  light cured
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
EU200 (1 time)
2016 Longevity of Bonding of Self-adhesive Resin Cement to Dentin.
70  Light diode emission
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AOPs (1 time)
2018 Optimization of photo-Fenton process for the treatment of prednisolone.
71  light drinkers
(1 time)
Brain Diseases
(1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
HED (1 time)
VLPFC (1 time)
2018 Behavioral and Brain Activity Indices of Cognitive Control Deficits in Binge Drinkers.
72  light emission diode system
(1 time)
Orbital Diseases
(1 time)
RF (1 time)
2009 Non-invasive peri-orbital rejuvenation: radiofrequency dual radiowave energy source (RF) and light emission diode system (LED).
73  light from the emitting diode
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
NAC (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
S-opsin (1 time)
2014 Damage of photoreceptor-derived cells in culture induced by light emitting diode-derived blue light.
74  light-emitting diode exposure
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
APF (1 time)
2004 In vitro enamel caries formation: argon laser, light-emitting diode and APF treatment effect.
75  light-emitting diode, Elipar Freelight
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
HL (1 time)
KHN (1 time)
PAC (1 time)
2007 The Knoop hardness of a composite resin polymerized with different curing lights and different modes.
76  limited exposure duration
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Lateral and central presentation of words with limited exposure duration as remedial training for reading disabled children.
77  lincomycin hydrochloride eye drops
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
bFGF (1 time)
2010 [Research on effects of vitamin A palmitate on repair of mechanical corneal epithelial defects and conjunctival goblet cells in rabbits].
78  Linear Extrapolated Dose
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
DBP (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
VSD (1 time)
2009 Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and ultra-low dose cancer studies.
79  Listeria electrical detection
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 1999 Efficiency of four secondary enrichment protocols in differentiation and isolation of Listeria spp. and Listeria monocytogenes from smoked fish processing chains.
80  local electrochemical detection across the column exit section
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
HETP (1 time)
ISEC (1 time)
LTNA (1 time)
2010 Physical properties and structure of fine core-shell particles used as packing materials for chromatography Relationships between particle characteristics and column performance.
81  location indicated by a central light spot
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
--- 1996 Visually guided stepping under conditions of step cycle-related denial of visual information.
82  lone eye deviation
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
CED (1 time)
ED (1 time)
NIHSS (1 time)
2012 Frequency of eye deviation in stroke and non-stroke patients undergoing head CT.
83  loss in obese individuals than 'low-energy diets
(1 time)
Obesity
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2011 Comparison of a low-energy diet and a very low-energy diet in sedentary obese individuals: a pragmatic randomized controlled trial.
84  Loss with respect to Efficient Diffusion
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CEA (1 time)
ICERs (1 time)
NMBs (1 time)
2017 New Metrics for Economic Evaluation in the Presence of Heterogeneity: Focusing on Evaluating Policy Alternatives Rather than Treatment Alternatives.
85  low electron density
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
Ep (1 time)
1984 Effects of prostaglandins on erythropoiesis.
86  Low Energy Dinner
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
ANS (1 time)
HED (1 time)
HF (1 time)
2018 Higher energy intake at dinner decreases parasympathetic activity during nighttime sleep in menstruating women: A randomized controlled trial.
87  Low enthalpy death
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
HED (1 time)
1989 High enthalpy and low enthalpy death in Saccharomyces cerevisiae induced by acetic acid.
88  low-ED
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CHO (1 time)
ED (1 time)
1998 The effect of covertly manipulating the energy density of mixed diets on ad libitum food intake in 'pseudo free-living' humans.
89  low-electrolyte diet
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
NAE (1 time)
1998 Physiological disposal of the potential alkali load in diet of the rat: steps to achieve acid-base balance.
90  low-energy diet with wheat gluten as the main protein source
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
2006 Some metabolic effects on lactating rats of a low-energy diet restricted in good-quality protein.
91  lower confidence limit
(1 time)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
1996 A semiparametric approach to risk assessment for quantitative outcomes.
92  lower esophageal dilation
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
SD (1 time)
2012 Postoperative lower esophageal dilation in children following the performance of Nissen fundoplication.
93  lower extremity dysmorphia
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ICG (1 time)
LDB (1 time)
LEL (1 time)
2017 Factors Associated with Lower Extremity Dysmorphia Caused by Lower Extremity Lymphoedema.
94  lower extremity occlusive disease
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CHD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
1999 Prospective blinded study of the relationship between plasma homocysteine and progression of symptomatic peripheral arterial disease.
95  lower-extremity venous duplex scans
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
DVT (1 time)
PE (1 time)
2012 Pulmonary embolism without deep venous thrombosis.
96  lowest effective defibrillation
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Defibrillation efficacy testing: long-term follow-up and mortality.
97  lowest energy to defibrillate
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
DFT (1 time)
2006 Effect of defibrillation testing on management during implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implantation.
98  lymphedema
(1 time)
Lymphatic Vessels
(1 time)
DUS (1 time)
LSG (1 time)
2017 New diagnostic modalities in the evaluation of lymphedema.
99  reference-light-emitting diode
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
--- 1999 [Clinical experience of image-guided neurosurgery with a frameless navigation system (StealthStation)].
100  ultraviolet-light-emitting diode
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2016 Enhance Color Rendering Index via Full Spectrum Employing the Important Key of Cyan Phosphor.