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Abbreviation: LER
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Long forms: 75

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
line edge roughness
(26 times)
Nanotechnology
(9 times)
EUV (6 times)
LWR (4 times)
BCP (3 times)
2003 Line-edge roughness transfer function and its application to determining mask effects in EUV resist characterization.
lactate extraction ratio
(25 times)
Cardiology
(16 times)
CBF (8 times)
FS (7 times)
CPP (3 times)
1985 Comparison of coronary hemodynamic and cardiac metabolic alterations during coronary artery spasm associated with ST segment elevation or depression.
leaf elongation rate
(22 times)
Botany
(11 times)
ABA (3 times)
LED (2 times)
RILs (2 times)
1989 Effects of nitrogen on mesophyll cell division and epidermal cell elongation in tall fescue leaf blades.
lower extremity revascularization
(22 times)
Vascular Diseases
(17 times)
CLI (5 times)
CI (4 times)
PAD (4 times)
1997 Use of outpatient preoperative evaluation to decrease length of stay for vascular surgery.
land equivalent ratio
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
IMS (2 times)
LAI (2 times)
BCA (1 time)
2007 Production ecology of agroforestry systems: a minimal mechanistic model and analytical derivation of the land equivalent ratio.
low energy reporters
(12 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
EI (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
HER (2 times)
1997 Characteristics of the low-energy reporters in a longitudinal national dietary survey.
luminous efficacy of radiation
(12 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
CCT (5 times)
CRI (4 times)
CCTs (1 time)
2010 Spectral identification of lighting type and character.
lercanidipine
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
AF (1 time)
AML (1 time)
AP (1 time)
2000 Electrophysiologic effects of lercanidipine on repolarizing potassium currents.
lesser epithelial ridge
(9 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
GER (4 times)
Ad5 (2 times)
Atoh1 (2 times)
2001 Hes1 and Hes5 activities are required for the normal development of the hair cells in the mammalian inner ear.
10  Low Endotoxin Recovery
(8 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
LAL (4 times)
CDER (2 times)
LPS (2 times)
2016 Masking of endotoxin in surfactant samples: Effects on Limulus-based detection systems.
11  linear energy relationship
(7 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
BHG (7 times)
RC-TST (5 times)
CVT (3 times)
2007 Ab initio study on the kinetics of hydrogen abstraction for the H+alkene-->H2+alkenyl reaction class.
12  leg extension response
(6 times)
Psychophysiology
(5 times)
AGL (1 time)
ROM (1 time)
1988 Fetal expression of the leg extension response to anogenital stimulation.
13  lower eyelid retractors
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
HPM (1 time)
OOM (1 time)
2014 The minimally invasive, orbicularis-sparing, lower eyelid recession for mild to moderate lower eyelid retraction with reduced orbicularis strength.
14  leaf-extension rate
(4 times)
Botany
(2 times)
AB (1 time)
AEMs (1 time)
BE (1 time)
1987 The influence of atmospheric humidity on leaf expansion in Beta vulgaris L.
15  Long-Evans rats
(4 times)
Brain
(3 times)
WR (3 times)
dSO (2 times)
MFTF (2 times)
2006 Spatial learning induces presynaptic structural remodeling in the hippocampal mossy fiber system of two rat strains.
16  loss of eyelash reflex
(4 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
BIS (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1992 Induction dose-response of propofol in unpremedicated children.
17  low erucic acid rapeseed oil
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
HER (3 times)
SBO (2 times)
SFO (1 time)
1979 Effects of high and low erucic acid rapeseed oils on energy metabolism and mitochondrial function of the chick.
18  leukocyte esterase reagent
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
PJI (2 times)
CRP (1 time)
ESR (1 time)
2010 Evaluation of leucocyte esterase reagent strip test for the rapid bedside diagnosis of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis.
19  lifetime excess risk
(3 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
SHS (3 times)
IHD (2 times)
LCD (2 times)
2014 Assessment of risk for asthma initiation and cancer and heart disease deaths among patrons and servers due to secondhand smoke exposure in restaurants and bars.
20  ligand exchange reaction
(3 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
NCB (2 times)
2008 Pt(II) uptake by dendrimer outer pockets: 1. Solventless ligand exchange reaction.
21  light endoscope robot
(3 times)
Urology
(2 times)
--- 2006 [Preclinical development of the TIMC LER (light endoscope robot)].
22  luminous efficacy of optical radiation
(3 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
CRI (3 times)
CCT (2 times)
CIE (1 time)
2010 A photometric investigation of ultra-efficient LEDs with high color rendering index and high luminous efficacy employing nanocrystal quantum dot luminophores.
23  laryngeal expiration reflex
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
VC (2 times)
BSV (1 time)
CoS (1 time)
2011 Voluntary and reflex cough and the expiration reflex; implications for aspiration after stroke.
24  lateral extra-articular reconstruction
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ALL (1 time)
GT (1 time)
2017 An in Vivo Simulation of Isometry of the Anterolateral Aspect of the Healthy Knee.
25  Lewis resistant
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
EAE (1 time)
LEW (1 time)
1989 Genetic resistance in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. I. Analysis of the mechanism of LeR resistance using radiation chimeras.
26  linked earlobe reference
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AR (2 times)
ERPs (2 times)
PPA (2 times)
1994 Focal abnormalities of P3 ERPs unveiled in patients with cortical lesions and primary progressive aphasia by average reference recordings.
27  longitudinally extended resorption lacunae
(2 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
RPR (2 times)
BC (1 time)
LM (1 time)
2003 Microstructural classification of resorption lacunae and perforations in human proximal femora.
28  lysosomal enzyme release
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
pp (1 time)
RA (1 time)
1977 Effect of auranofin, a new antiarthritic agent, on immune complex-induced release of lysosomal enzymes from human leukocytes.
29  L/R Mu ends or the mini-Mu
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Mu-driven transposition of recombinant mini-Mu unit DNA in the Corynebacterium glutamicum chromosome.
30  laboratory evaluation rate
(1 time)
Child
(1 time)
AUR (1 time)
EOSCAL (1 time)
MC (1 time)
2019 Managing Infants Exposed to Maternal Chorioamnionitis by the Use of Early-Onset Sepsis Calculator.
31  lactate extraction
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CSBF (1 time)
GCVF (1 time)
LAD (1 time)
1989 Balloon occlusion during coronary angioplasty as a model of myocardial ischaemia: reproducibility of sequential inflations.
32  laparo-endoscopic resection
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2011 Laparo-endoscopic resection for extensive and inaccessible colorectal polyps: a feasible and safe procedure.
33  laparoscopic enucleoresection
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
EBL (1 time)
eGFR (1 time)
PN (1 time)
2016 Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomy for T1 Renal Cell Carcinoma: Comparison of Two Resection Techniques in a Multi-institutional Propensity Score-Matching Analysis.
34  laparoscopic extirpation of the rectum
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
IMA (1 time)
IMV (1 time)
LAR (1 time)
2015 LAPAROSCOPIC TREATMENT OF RECTAL CANCER.
35  lateral epithelial ridge
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
Ad5 (1 time)
BrdU (1 time)
HCs (1 time)
2013 Ectopic hair cell-like cell induction by Math1 mainly involves direct transdifferentiation in neonatal mammalian cochlea.
36  lateral erect radiograph
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
CCT (1 time)
LDR (1 time)
PPE (1 time)
2011 Computed tomography measurements of parapneumonic effusion indicative of thoracentesis.
37  leaf blade elongation rates
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
DAP (1 time)
SPS (1 time)
1995 Diurnal Regulation of Leaf Blade Elongation in Rice by CO2 (Is it Related to Sucrose-Phosphate Synthase Activity?).
38  learned eyeblink responses
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
DCN (1 time)
MSC (1 time)
PTX (1 time)
2008 GABAA receptors in deep cerebellar nuclei play important roles in mouse eyeblink conditioning.
39  left and right ends to form a three-site synaptic
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 1996 Three-site synapsis during Mu DNA transposition: a critical intermediate preceding engagement of the active site.
40  LEOPIN ROYAL
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
AMS (1 time)
IIEF-5 (1 time)
2014 Improvement of symptoms of aging in males by a preparation LEOPIN ROYAL containing aged garlic extract and other five of natural medicines - comparison with traditional herbal medicines (Kampo).
41  Leptin receptor
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
qRT-PCR (1 time)
2015 Expression and immunohistochemical localization of leptin in human periapical granulomas.
42  lercanidipine HCl
(1 time)
LBT (1 time)
2009 Spectrophotometric determination of labetalol and lercanidipine in pure form and in pharmaceutical preparations using ferric-1,10-phenanthroline.
43  lercanidipine hydrochloride
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
NQS (1 time)
2011 Assay of lercanidipine hydrochloride in dosage forms using nucleophilic substitution reaction.
44  lesion echogenicity ratios
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
--- 2013 Gray scale histogram analysis of solid breast lesions with ultrasonography: can lesion echogenicity ratio be used to differentiate the malignancy?
45  Leu-enkephalin-Arg
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
ACC (1 time)
Dyn B (1 time)
2015 Asymmetry of the endogenous opioid system in the human anterior cingulate: a putative molecular basis for lateralization of emotions and pain.
46  leukocyte enhancement ratio
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
CER (1 time)
MCA (1 time)
ROI (1 time)
1998 Cobalt-57 and technetium-99m-HMPAO-labeled leukocytes for visualization of ischemic infarcts.
47  leukocyte excretion rate
(1 time)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
MCU (1 time)
SPA (1 time)
TCU (1 time)
1989 Pyuria: its relationship to bacteriuria in spinal cord injured patients on intermittent catheterization.
48  Life Events Record
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 1995 Distressed and nondistressed third- and sixth-grade children's self-reports of life events and impact and concordance with mothers.
49  Life expectancy ratio
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
NYHA (1 time)
2008 Discordance between patient-predicted and model-predicted life expectancy among ambulatory patients with heart failure.
50  ligand exchange reagents
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
TLC (1 time)
2016 Resolution of Enantiomers of (RS)-Baclofen by Ligand-Exchange Thin-Layer Chromatography.
51  light equalization radiography
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 1990 Light equalization radiography.
52  light fraction of canine renal cortical ER
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
1992 Ca2+ uptake by endoplasmic reticulum of renal cortex. II. Effects of uninephrectomy and parathyroidectomy.
53  light fraction of endoplasmic reticulum
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
TPA (1 time)
1992 Ca2+ uptake by endoplasmic reticulum of renal cortex. I. Ionic requirements and regulation in vitro.
54  light-entrainable rhythms
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
FER (1 time)
1986 Interaction between light- and feeding-entrainable circadian rhythms in the rat.
55  light-evoked responses
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
HSER (1 time)
IPL (1 time)
WCR (1 time)
1995 Hyperosmotic activation of transmitter release from presynaptic terminals onto retinal ganglion cells.
56  lignin epoxy-modified resin
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2015 IN VITRO TESTING OF XANTHAN/LIGNIN HYDROGELS AS CARRIERS FOR CONTROLLED DELIVERY OF BISOPROLOL FUMARATE.
57  Limits for Erroneous Results
(1 time)
Laboratory Techniques and Procedures
(1 time)
ATE (1 time)
ATE/LER (1 time)
2011 Allowable Total Error and Limits for Erroneous Results (ATE/LER) zones for agreement measurement.
58  linearized event-rates
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
--- 1990 Valve replacement for aortic regurgitation: earlier operation may reduce the rate of late complications related to the prostheses.
59  linked-ear reference
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ERP (1 time)
NR (1 time)
1990 Preservation of P300 event-related potential topographic asymmetries in schizophrenia with use of either linked-ear or nose reference sites.
60  lipid efficiency ratio
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
FE (1 time)
LPV (1 time)
2017 Combined effects of diets and temperature on mitochondrial function, growth and nutrient efficiency in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).
61  lipid entry ratio
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
LDL (1 time)
1992 In vivo quantification of cholesterol content in human carotid arteries by quantitative gamma-camera imaging after injection of autologous low density lipoproteins (LDL).
62  liver
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2008 Prenatal detection of pulmonary hypoplasia in giant omphalocele.
63  local error reduction
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
TER (1 time)
2014 The error in total error reduction.
64  logit event rate
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CIs (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2016 Genetic differences on intracranial versus spinal cord ependymal tumors: a meta-analysis of genetic researches.
65  longitudinal extended resorption
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
LP (1 time)
RPR (1 time)
TP (1 time)
2002 [Scanning electron microscopic characterization of resorption lacunae and perforations in the cancellous bone of the human femoral head].
66  low emetic response
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
Amb (1 time)
HER (1 time)
2005 Emetic responses and neural activity in young musk shrews during the breast-feeding/weaning period: comparison between the high and low emetic response strains using a shaking stimulus.
67  low ethanol responders
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
HER (1 time)
i.v (1 time)
2003 Ethanol-reinforced behaviour predicts acquisition but not extinction of cocaine self-administration in the rat.
68  low-endemic region
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
HER (1 time)
1994 Epidemiological studies in children of a low-endemic region, a high-endemic region, and dwellers of a leprosy colony: evaluation of anti-ND-BSA antibodies and lepromin response.
69  lower esophageal reflux
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
GER (1 time)
RI (1 time)
UER (1 time)
2003 Optimizing the diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux in children with otolaryngologic symptoms.
70  lower esophageal ring
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
GERD (1 time)
1996 Lower esophageal (Schatzki's) ring: pathogenesis, diagnosis and therapy.
71  lower extremity arterial reconstruction
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2001 Impact of increasing comorbidity on infrainguinal reconstruction: a 20-year perspective.
72  lower extremity endovascular revascularization
(1 time)
Vascular Surgical Procedures
(1 time)
--- 2014 Clopidogrel and 1-year freedom from amputation after endovascular lower extremity revascularization in the Medicare population.
73  lumbar extension rotation
(1 time)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
EMG (1 time)
ES (1 time)
IO (1 time)
2019 Muscle Activity Pattern Dysfunction During Sit to Stand and Stand to Sit in the Movement System Impairment Subgroups of Low Back Pain.
74  lunasin-enriched rye
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HAT (1 time)
2009 The cancer preventive seed peptide lunasin from rye is bioavailable and bioactive.
75  lymphocyte-eosinophil ratio
(1 time)
Laboratory Techniques and Procedures
(1 time)
AMI (1 time)
GI (1 time)
IHD (1 time)
2002 [Integral indices of peripheral blood leukogram in the estimation of non-specific immunological reactivity in patients with ischemic heart disease].