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Abbreviation: LES
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
lower esophageal sphincter
(1506 times)
Gastroenterology
(744 times)
GERD (241 times)
GER (95 times)
HRM (65 times)
1971 Role of gastrin supersensitivity in the pathogenesis of lower esophageal sphincter hypertension in achalasia.
large eddy simulation
(120 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(40 times)
CFD (24 times)
RANS (20 times)
SGS (11 times)
2000 Convective rolls and heat transfer in finite-length rayleigh-Benard convection: A two-dimensional numerical study
leaf economics spectrum
(36 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
LMA (6 times)
SLA (5 times)
ITV (3 times)
2010 A second dimension to the leaf economics spectrum predicts edaphic habitat association in a tropical forest.
Life Experiences Survey
(33 times)
Psychiatry
(14 times)
CATS (6 times)
PHQ-9 (3 times)
GD (2 times)
1983 Life stress and athletic injury: examination of positive versus negative events and three moderator variables.
Liverpool epidemic strain
(28 times)
Microbiology
(7 times)
CF (23 times)
PsA (3 times)
AGS (2 times)
2003 PCR-based detection of a cystic fibrosis epidemic strain of Pseudomonas Aeruginosa.
lumbar erector spinae
(24 times)
Physiology
(11 times)
EMG (8 times)
RA (6 times)
EO (4 times)
2007 Lumbosacral orthoses reduce trunk muscle activity in a postural control task.
logistic EuroSCORE
(22 times)
Cardiology
(18 times)
TAVI (12 times)
STS (10 times)
ESII (4 times)
2010 Relationship between the logistic EuroSCORE and the Society of Thoracic Surgeons Predicted Risk of Mortality score in patients implanted with the CoreValve ReValving system--a Bern-Rotterdam Study.
Life Events Scale
(16 times)
Psychiatry
(7 times)
SNPs (5 times)
G E (3 times)
GMDR (3 times)
1994 Life events and the 1-year prevalence of major depressive episode, generalized anxiety disorder, and panic disorder in a community sample.
late evening snack
(15 times)
Gastroenterology
(11 times)
BCAA (7 times)
RQ (3 times)
BTR (2 times)
2004 Late evening snack and the change of blood glucose level in patients with liver cirrhosis.
10  locally enhanced sampling
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
MD (8 times)
cWS (2 times)
MM-PBSA (2 times)
1991 Computational studies of ligand diffusion in globins: I. Leghemoglobin.
11  Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome
(13 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
INa (2 times)
MEPPs (2 times)
SCC (2 times)
1982 Autoimmunity in the Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome.
12  Long Evans Shaker
(11 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
CNS (3 times)
APs (2 times)
ABR (1 time)
2002 Characterization of the optic nerve and retinal ganglion cell layer in the dysmyelinated adult Long Evans Shaker rat: evidence for axonal sprouting.
13  Lambert-Eaton syndrome
(10 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
HVA (2 times)
LVA (2 times)
SCLC (2 times)
1986 Adverse effect of verapamil in a patient with the Lambert-Eaton syndrome.
14  light-enhanced startle
(9 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
FPS (5 times)
AVP (1 time)
CMS (1 time)
2005 The effects of sex and neonatal maternal separation on fear-potentiated and light-enhanced startle.
15  Liverpool Elbow Score
(9 times)
Orthopedics
(8 times)
MEPS (3 times)
PAQ (3 times)
ES (2 times)
2007 Use of the Liverpool Elbow Score as a postal questionnaire for the assessment of outcome after total elbow arthroplasty.
16  Launch and Entry Suit
(8 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(7 times)
ACES (3 times)
LEH (2 times)
SAS (2 times)
1990 Effectiveness of the Space Shuttle anti-exposure system in a cold water environment.
17  lupus erythematosus
(8 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
HMBP1 (1 time)
MCTS (1 time)
SAPL (1 time)
1979 [Transverse myelopathy caused by systemic lupus erythematosus (LES)].
18  lipid extract surfactant
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
SP-A (3 times)
lysoPC (2 times)
CMV (1 time)
1990 Pulmonary surfactant-associated protein A enhances the surface activity of lipid extract surfactant and reverses inhibition by blood proteins in vitro.
19  life event scale
(6 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
SAS (3 times)
BMI (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1996 Determinants of poor blood pressure control in urban hypertensives of central India.
20  limus-eluting stent
(6 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
PES (5 times)
MACE (4 times)
MI (3 times)
2012 Two zotarolimus-eluting stent generations: a meta-analysis of 12 randomised trials versus other limus-eluting stents and an adjusted indirect comparison.
21  low-energy sputtering
(6 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
RIS (3 times)
TPD (3 times)
ASW (1 time)
2005 Chemistry of ice surfaces. Elementary reaction steps on ice studied by reactive ion scattering.
22  life-event stress
(5 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
HBT (2 times)
CBSM (1 time)
IBS (1 time)
1995 Role of psychological stress in cortisol recovery from exhaustive exercise among elite athletes.
23  least erosive subset
(4 times)
Rheumatology
(3 times)
MES (4 times)
MUD (3 times)
RA (3 times)
1996 [Histomorphometric study of the iliac bone in rheumatoid arthritis].
24  linear elution strength
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
GC (4 times)
HT-HPLC (2 times)
LC (1 time)
1990 Computer simulation (based on a linear-elution-strength approximation) as an aid for optimizing separations by programmed-temperature gas chromatography.
25  Locke-Egg-Serum
(4 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
FECT (1 time)
2003 Intestinal parasitic infestations among children in an orphanage in Pathum Thani province.
26  lower esophageal
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
GE (1 time)
IC-IM (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
1977 The lower esophageal sphincter as a barrier to gastroesophageal reflux.
27  lower extremity strength
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
6MWT (1 time)
DSA (1 time)
HD (1 time)
2013 Leg strength, preferred walking speed, and daily step activity in adults with incomplete spinal cord injuries.
28  land ecological security
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
DLES (1 time)
GAM (1 time)
PSR (1 time)
2014 Land ecological security evaluation of Guangzhou, China.
29  Lauryl ether sulphate
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
CD (1 time)
CPAE (1 time)
1975 Lauryl ether sulphate dermatitis in Denmark.
30  Lax eyelid syndrome
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
OSA (2 times)
AHI (1 time)
FES (1 time)
2010 Floppy eyelid syndrome as a subset of lax eyelid conditions: relationships and clinical relevance (an ASOPRS thesis).
31  Learning Environment Survey
(3 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
GHHS (1 time)
SBHCs (1 time)
SQ (1 time)
2006 Canadian dental students' perceptions of their learning environment and psychological functioning over time.
32  least erosive disease
(3 times)
Rheumatology
(3 times)
MES (3 times)
MUD (3 times)
CRP (2 times)
1988 Natural course of joint destruction and fluctuation of serum C1q levels in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
33  Life Events Survey
(3 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
BSI (1 time)
GI (1 time)
HRSD (1 time)
1986 A comparison of life events scoring methods as predictors of psychological symptomatology.
34  light-enhanced startle paradigm
(3 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
FPS (2 times)
CRH (1 time)
LDT (1 time)
2003 Light-enhanced and fear-potentiated startle: temporal characteristics and effects of alpha-helical corticotropin-releasing hormone.
35  limited enantioselectivity
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
SMSB (2 times)
2013 Mirror symmetry breaking with limited enantioselective autocatalysis and temperature gradients: a stability survey.
36  Local Enhanced Services
(3 times)
Primary Health Care
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
GPs (1 time)
2013 The impact of a diabetes local enhanced service on quality outcome framework diabetes outcomes.
37  lower eyelid spacers
(3 times)
Orbital Diseases
(2 times)
--- 2001 Correction of lower eyelid retraction with high density porous polyethylene: The Medpor((R)) Lower Eyelid Spacer.
38  lupus erythematosus systemicus
(3 times)
Internal Medicine
(2 times)
ANCA (1 time)
c-ANCA (1 time)
CP (1 time)
1993 [Respiratory muscle involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus: retracted lung syndrome].
39  lymphoepithelial symbiosis
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
ABC (1 time)
DCs (1 time)
IDCs (1 time)
1983 Immunohistological study of tonsil. Distribution of T cell subsets.
40  Lancer Ethnicity Scale
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
FST (1 time)
LASIK (1 time)
1998 Lancer Ethnicity Scale (LES)
41  Lancisi equivalent structure
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
RBB (2 times)
TOF (2 times)
VSD (2 times)
1982 Electrophysiological delineation of the specialized conduction system under cardiotomy and its clinical role.
42  layered expression scanning
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
CRADA (1 time)
LCM (1 time)
2004 Molecular profiling of cancer.
43  lipoprotein export signal
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Identification of a New Lipoprotein Export Signal in Gram-Negative Bacteria.
44  Livestock Experiment Station
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
IKC (1 time)
2013 Prevalence, molecular diagnosis and treatment of Mycoplasma conjunctivae isolated from infectious keratoconjunctivitis affected Lohi sheep maintained at Livestock Experiment Station, Bahadurnagar, Okara, Pakistan.
45  Long-eared Somali
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
EW (1 time)
SC (1 time)
2017 Body Weight and Scrotal-Testicular Biometry in Three Indigenous Breeds of Bucks in Arid and Semiarid Agroecologies, Ethiopia.
46  longissimus erector spinae
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
DM (2 times)
EMG (1 time)
LBP (1 time)
2011 Individual fascicles of the paraspinal muscles are activated by discrete cortical networks in humans.
47  low energy sonication
(2 times)
Technology
(2 times)
EIS (1 time)
GAC (1 time)
HPC (1 time)
2014 Optimization of low energy sonication treatment for granular activated carbon colonizing biomass assessment.
48  low-energy structure
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
--- 2010 Origin of unexpected low energy structure in photoelectron spectra induced by midinfrared strong laser fields.
49  low-energy sweeteners
(2 times)
Obesity
(2 times)
BW (1 time)
CI (1 time)
EI (1 time)
2015 Intense Sweeteners, Appetite for the Sweet Taste, and Relationship to Weight Management.
50  low-frequency electrical stimulation
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AV/PI (1 time)
CaMKII (1 time)
hiPSC-CMs (1 time)
1987 The effect of low-frequency electrical stimulation on denervation atrophy in man.
51  lower esophageal pressure
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CPAP (1 time)
GER (1 time)
GERD (1 time)
1993 Nasal continuous positive airway pressure. A new treatment for nocturnal gastroesophageal reflux?
52  lower sphincter
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BCM (1 time)
DMS (1 time)
EH (1 time)
1984 Effects of scorpion venom on structure and function of esophageal lower sphincter (LES) and body circular muscle (BCM) from opossum.
53  esophago-lower esophageal sphincter
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
RLN (1 time)
SLN (1 time)
UES (1 time)
2012 The role of the superior laryngeal nerve in esophageal reflexes.
54  fimbria-fornix-lesioned
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
5-HT (1 time)
SHAM (1 time)
1999 Modulation of 5-hydroxytryptamine release in hippocampal slices of rats: effects of fimbria-fornix lesions on 5-HT1B-autoreceptor and alpha2-heteroreceptor function.
55  laboratory expert system
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Reduction in Unnecessary Clinical Laboratory Testing Through Utilization Management at a US Government Veterans Affairs Hospital.
56  lack of emotional support
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
EE (1 time)
T1DM (1 time)
2017 The Relationship Between Perceived Family Climate and Glycemic Control in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Adolescent Patients.
57  lacrimal excretory system
(1 time)
Orbital Diseases
(1 time)
JIT (1 time)
NBs (1 time)
2000 Evaluation of lacrimal system outflow in the newborn by dye tests.
58  lactate elimination speed
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
GLU (1 time)
HR (1 time)
LA (1 time)
2013 The relationships between simulated tennis performance and biomarkers for nitric oxide synthesis.
59  Laguna Estuarine System
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2018 Influence of fishing activity over the marine debris composition close to coastal jetty.
60  laparoscopic endoluminal surgery
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
--- 1997 Endoluminal surgery.
61  laparoscopic endometriosis surgery
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
DIE (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
SWI (1 time)
2016 Susceptibility-weighted magnetic resonance imaging for the evaluation of deep infiltrating endometriosis: preliminary results.
62  Laryngeal endoscopy with stroboscopy
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 2015 Rater methodology for stroboscopy: a systematic review.
63  Laryngopharyngeal Edema Scale
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
RFS (1 time)
2017 Predicting feeding tube and tracheotomy dependence in laryngeal cancer patients.
64  laser etched
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2009 The effects of laser etching on shear bond strength at the titanium ceramic interface.
65  lateral extrastriolar
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
MES (1 time)
2017 Models of utricular bouton afferents: role of afferent-hair cell connectivity in determining spike train regularity.
66  lateral extrastriolar region
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
LPR (1 time)
MES (1 time)
PCP (1 time)
2017 Establishment of planar cell polarity is coupled to regional cell cycle exit and cell differentiation in the mouse utricle.
67  laureth sulfate
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
SDS (1 time)
2018 Inactivation of human and avian influenza viruses by potassium oleate of natural soap component through exothermic interaction.
68  least erosive
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
MES (1 time)
MUD (1 time)
NJE (1 time)
1991 Effect of early synovectomy on the course of rheumatoid arthritis.
69  Ledebouriella seseloides
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ACG (1 time)
AGP (1 time)
ANA (1 time)
2010 Evaluation of the phototoxic potential of plants used in oriental medicine.
70  left extraperitoneal space
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2011 Visualization of the left extraperitoneal space and spatial relationships to its related spaces by the visible human project.
71  leiomyosarcoma
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ADM (1 time)
LE (1 time)
MVD (1 time)
2007 Relationship of adrenomedullin expression and microvessel density and prognosis in smooth muscle tumor of uterus.
72  length at endsystole
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 1982 [Effect of nitroglycerin on epicardial and endocardial shortening characteristics in dogs].
73  LES group
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
BCAA (1 time)
BTR (1 time)
HAIC (1 time)
2010 Effect of a late evening snack using branched-chain amino acid-enriched nutrients in patients undergoing hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma.
74  LES-DCs
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
DCs (1 time)
IDCs (1 time)
LCs (1 time)
2006 Dendritic cells interacting mainly with B cells in the lymphoepithelial symbiosis of the human palatine tonsil.
75  Lesion-only
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
ACh (1 time)
SHAM (1 time)
1999 Modulation of acetylcholine and 5-hydroxytryptamine release in hippocampal slices of rats with fimbria-fornix lesions and intrahippocampal grafts containing cholinergic and/or serotonergic neurons.
76  lesioned
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
NA (1 time)
SHAM (1 time)
1999 Sympathetic sprouting: no evidence for muscarinic modulation of noradrenaline release in hippocampal slices of rats with fimbria-fornix lesions.
77  lesions of the septohippocampal pathway
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
HACU (1 time)
SG (1 time)
SHAM (1 time)
1991 Intrahippocampal transplants of septal cholinergic neurons: high-affinity choline uptake and spatial memory function.
78  lespedeza
(1 time)
Animal Diseases
(1 time)
BG (1 time)
DM (1 time)
PAP (1 time)
2018 Tropical plant supplementation effects on the performance and parasite burden of goats.
79  LETO-Ethanol-Saponin
(1 time)
Panax
(1 time)
LC (1 time)
LE (1 time)
LETO (1 time)
2017 Chronic saponin treatment attenuates damage to the pancreas in chronic alcohol-treated diabetic rats.
80  leukoencephalopathy score
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
WML (1 time)
2003 Emergence and progress of white matter lesion in brain check-up.
81  Lewis secretion
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
Se (1 time)
1983 Genetics and linkage relationships of the C3 polymorphism: discovery of C3-Se linkage and assignment of LES-C3-DM-Se-PEPD-Lu synteny to chromosome 19.
82  life-event stressor
(1 time)
Mental Disorders
(1 time)
PwMS (1 time)
2009 Longitudinal assessment of anxiety, depression, and fatigue in people with multiple sclerosis.
83  Lifestyle Evaluation System
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
--- 1998 Lifestyle evaluation system to support health education.
84  ligand excluded surface
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
SES (1 time)
2014 Ligand Excluded Surface: A New Type of Molecular Surface.
85  Linear Estimation System
(1 time)
Health Education
(1 time)
FGDs (1 time)
RDA (1 time)
2010 Household feeding patterns and feeding habits: effects on the health of Ibibio households in Uyo Urban, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria.
86  Linear Expenditure System
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2003 Environmental regulation through trade: the case of shrimp.
87  Lipid Education Service
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
LTI (1 time)
STI (1 time)
2006 Consultation and management of patients with lipid disorders: importance of life-style changes and intensive follow-up.
88  lipid extract surfactant without neutral lipids
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DPPC (1 time)
NS (1 time)
POPG (1 time)
1993 Adsorption, compression and stability of surface films from natural, lipid extract and reconstituted pulmonary surfactants.
89  lipoprotein export sequence
(1 time)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
OMs (1 time)
OMVs (1 time)
PULs (1 time)
2018 Surface Exposure and Packing of Lipoproteins into Outer Membrane Vesicles Are Coupled Processes in Bacteroides.
90  liposome-entrapped streptomycin
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
SS (1 time)
1982 Antibacterial activity of liposome-entrapped streptomycin in mice infected with mycobacterium tuberculosis.
91  Lipoxin effect score
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
15-LOX (1 time)
LXA4 (1 time)
rhTGF-beta1 (1 time)
2017 Lipoxin A4 reverses mesenchymal phenotypes to attenuate invasion and metastasis via the inhibition of autocrine TGF-beta1 signaling in pancreatic cancer.
92  liquid embolic system
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2015 Ectopic variceal bleeding from colonic stoma: two case reports.
93  liquid emulsion sensor
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
BTA PSA (1 time)
BTA SA (1 time)
2002 Evaluation of a plastic nonvented aerobic blood culture bottle for use with the BacT/ALERT microbial detection system.
94  liquid expanded state
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2007 Phase equilibria in model surfactants forming Langmuir monolayers.
95  Lithospermum erythrorhizon
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
TEWL (1 time)
2008 Cosmetic formulations containing Lithospermum erythrorhizon root extract show moisturizing effects on human skin.
96  Lithospermum erythrorhizon Sieb. et Zucc
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 2013 Prunus mume and Lithospermum erythrorhizon Extracts Synergistically Prevent Visceral Adiposity by Improving Energy Metabolism through Potentiating Hypothalamic Leptin and Insulin Signalling in Ovariectomized Rats.
97  Liverpool epidemic Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2005 Acute renal failure in CF patients chronically infected by the Liverpool epidemic Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain (LES).
98  Liverpool Hospital Equivalent Calling Signs
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
ES (1 time)
LS (1 time)
SBP (1 time)
2005 The prevalence of recordings of the signs of critical conditions and emergency responses in hospital wards--the SOCCER study.
99  local electrical stimulation
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
--- 1981 Inhibitory actions produced by local electrical stimulation in the caudal spinal trigeminal nucleus in rat.
100  local elementary structures
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2005 Design of HIV-1-PR inhibitors that do not create resistance: blocking the folding of single monomers.