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Abbreviation: LK
Appearance Frequency: 444 time(s)
Long forms: 103

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
lymphokine
(92 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(71 times)
LPS (18 times)
IFN-gamma (8 times)
Con A (5 times)
1977 Presence and production of migration inhibitory activity in the peritoneal cavity.
lamellar keratoplasty
(51 times)
Ophthalmology
(39 times)
PK (18 times)
BCVA (6 times)
ALK (4 times)
2000 The evolution of lamellar grafting techniques over twenty-five years.
low K+
(39 times)
Physiology
(19 times)
HK (16 times)
NEM (11 times)
OR (4 times)
1972 High potassium and low potassium erythrocytes in cattle.
low molecular weight kininogen
(26 times)
Hematology
(9 times)
HK (19 times)
BK (5 times)
aPE (4 times)
1989 Monoclonal antibody to human high-molecular-weight kininogen recognizes its prekallikrein binding site and inhibits its coagulant activity.
lanthionine ketimine
(17 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
LKE (4 times)
CK (3 times)
CNS (2 times)
1988 Detection of cystathionine and lanthionine ketimines in human urine.
Lund-Kennedy
(16 times)
Otolaryngology
(15 times)
CRS (10 times)
ESS (5 times)
CRSwNP (4 times)
2014 Modification of the Lund-Kennedy endoscopic scoring system improves its reliability and correlation with patient-reported outcome measures.
left kidney
(15 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
RK (11 times)
GFR (4 times)
ANF (2 times)
1986 Relationship between renal hemodynamic and natriuretic effects of atrial natriuretic factor.
lumbrokinase
(14 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
CTB (2 times)
AC (1 time)
AMY (1 time)
1995 Surface characteristics and properties of lumbrokinase-immobilized polyurethane.
leucokinin
(11 times)
Biology
(2 times)
IPCs (3 times)
DILPs (2 times)
Lkr (2 times)
1984 Effects of protizinic acid on leukokinin generation and its physiological action.
10  leukoplakia
(10 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
LP (6 times)
SCC (4 times)
AC (2 times)
1988 Oral lesions of lupus erythematosus patients in relation to other chronic inflammatory oral diseases: an immunologic study.
11  local kyphosis
(10 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
PLC (5 times)
CC (3 times)
ISD (3 times)
2012 Correlation of posterior ligamentous complex injury and neurological injury to loss of vertebral body height, kyphosis, and canal compromise.
12  leukapheresis
(7 times)
Hematology
(5 times)
AML (2 times)
ALL (1 time)
alpha-IFN (1 time)
1993 Clinical application of growth factors for collection of circulating hematopoietic progenitors in breast cancer patients treated with high-dose cyclophosphamide.
13  Lichenoid keratosis
(6 times)
Dermatology
(6 times)
BCC (1 time)
BLD (1 time)
CLA (1 time)
1982 Lichenoid solar keratosis--prevalence and immunologic findings.
14  lombricine kinase
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
CK (5 times)
GK (5 times)
TK (5 times)
1991 Mitochondrial Activities of Phosphagen Kinases are Not Widely Distributed in the Invertebrates.
15  lamellar keratectomy
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
alpha-SMA (2 times)
AK (1 time)
CM (1 time)
1997 Inhibition of corneal fibrosis by topical application of blocking antibodies to TGF beta in the rabbit.
16  Lucas-Kanade
(4 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
DTT (1 time)
IVUS (1 time)
OF (1 time)
2009 A study of coronary artery rotational motion with dense scale-space optical flow in intravascular ultrasound.
17  Lang-Kobayashi
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
LD (1 time)
LFF (1 time)
LFF's (1 time)
2001 Regular dynamics of low-frequency fluctuations in external cavity semiconductor lasers.
18  level of knowledge
(3 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
CAS (1 time)
CO (1 time)
HH (1 time)
2007 [Evaluation of a program for updating recommendations about hand hygiene].
19  loricrin keratoderma
(3 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
NLS (1 time)
NLSs (1 time)
VS (1 time)
2003 Loricrin keratoderma: a novel disease entity characterized by nuclear accumulation of mutant loricrin.
20  low Klotho
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CIMT (2 times)
EFT (2 times)
FMD (2 times)
2015 Low Serum Level of Klotho Is an Early Predictor of Atherosclerosis.
21  low-K(+)
(3 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CCT1 (1 time)
Hsp90 (1 time)
KD (1 time)
2010 Potassium channel alpha-subunit AtKC1 negatively regulates AKT1-mediated K(+) uptake in Arabidopsis roots under low-K(+) stress.
22  Lakha
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
FR (2 times)
MS (2 times)
PW (2 times)
2017 Blood biochemistry and immune response in Aseel chicken under free range, semi-intensive, and confinement rearing systems.
23  lamb kidney
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
IC50 (1 time)
2007 Evaluation of an ovine testis cell line (OA3.Ts) for propagation of capripoxvirus isolates and development of an immunostaining technique for viral plaque visualization.
24  Langmuir kinetics
(2 times)
Physics
(1 time)
TASEP (2 times)
2015 Phase coexistence and particle nonconservation in a closed asymmetric exclusion process with inhomogeneities.
25  Laryngeal keratosis
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
HPV (1 time)
ISH (1 time)
KWA (1 time)
1991 Laryngeal precancer: a review of the literature, commentary, and comparison with oral leukoplakia.
26  Leeds-Keio artificial ligament
(2 times)
Technology
(2 times)
ACL (1 time)
L-K (1 time)
LKII (1 time)
2003 Comparative study of the covered area of Leeds-Keio (LK) artificial ligament and radio frequency generated glow discharge treated Leeds-Keio (Bio-LK) ligament with synovial cells.
27  letter knowledge
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
PA (1 time)
SSP (1 time)
2011 Dynamic and static assessment of phonological awareness in preschool: a behavior-genetic study.
28  Lillehei-Kaster valve
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
SE (2 times)
AT (1 time)
GD (1 time)
1976 Comparative study of in vitro flow characteristics between a human aortic valve and a designed aortic valve and six corresponding types of prosthetic heart valves.
29  linker
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AHDA (1 time)
APCA (1 time)
GRPR (1 time)
2015 Self-assembly of DNA nanohydrogels with controllable size and stimuli-responsive property for targeted gene regulation therapy.
30  liver kinase
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
AICAR (1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
DMC (1 time)
2013 Cucurbitane Triterpenoid from Momordica charantia Induces Apoptosis and Autophagy in Breast Cancer Cells, in Part, through Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor gamma Activation.
31  Local knowledge
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
GM (1 time)
HT (1 time)
LOA (1 time)
2009 Farmer knowledge and a priori risk analysis: pre-release evaluation of genetically modified Roundup Ready wheat across the Canadian prairies.
32  locked knee
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
WBV (2 times)
BK (1 time)
FK (1 time)
2010 Effect of standing posture during whole body vibration training on muscle morphology and function in older adults: a randomised controlled trial.
33  log kill
(2 times)
Antineoplastic Agents
(2 times)
Panc 02 (1 time)
2003 Discovery and preclinical antitumor efficacy evaluations of LY32262 and LY33169.
34  low K and high Na
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
Glu (1 time)
HK/HG (1 time)
HK/LG (1 time)
1991 Several cation transporters and volume regulation in high-K dog red blood cells.
35  low-K diet
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
CCD (1 time)
CCT (1 time)
MAPK (1 time)
1994 Collecting duct changes in potassium depletion: effects of ACE inhibition.
36  low-molecular-mass kininogen
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
HK (2 times)
Ahx (1 time)
HNE (1 time)
1990 Kinetics of inhibition of platelet calpain II by human kininogens.
37  Lund and Kennedy
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
GI (2 times)
GII (2 times)
QOL (2 times)
2017 Effect of liposomes, vitamins A and E nasal spray in reducing the healing time after septoplasty with concurrent turbinate surgery in adolescents.
38  lymphokine preparation
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DMSO (1 time)
NO (1 time)
NOS (1 time)
1986 Modulation of B16 melanoma antigen expression by lymphokines and dimethyl sulfoxide.
39  lymphokine(s)
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
PMN (1 time)
1987 In vivo antitumor effect of lymphokine-activated rodent polymorphonuclear leukocytes.
40  Labrador keratopathy
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 1986 Regression of Labrador keratopathy following cataract extraction.
41  lactate kinetic
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
LOS (1 time)
2018 Blood lactate and lactate kinetics as treatment and prognosis markers for tissue hypoperfusion.
42  Lake Kinneret
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2013 Use of phosphate oxygen isotopes for identifying atmospheric-P sources: a case study at Lake Kinneret.
43  Lander and Kruglyak
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
--- 1997 Improvement of the power to detect complex disease genes by regional inference procedures.
44  Lande–Kirkpatrick
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2010 The Lande-Kirkpatrick mechanism is the null model of evolution by intersexual selection: implications for meaning, honesty, and design in intersexual signals.
45  lane keeping
(1 time)
Research
(1 time)
ACC (1 time)
2017 Assessing drivers' response during automated driver support system failures with non-driving tasks.
46  lankamycin
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GS-LK (1 time)
UDP-Glc (1 time)
2000 Glycosylation of macrolide antibiotics. Purification and kinetic studies of a macrolide glycosyltransferase from Streptomyces antibioticus.
47  large knits
(1 time)
Physical Fitness
(1 time)
ES (1 time)
HR (1 time)
SK (1 time)
2011 Effects of polyester jerseys on psycho-physiological responses during exercise in a hot and moist environment.
48  Lawson and Keyes
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
beta (2 times)
MSD (1 time)
2012 Glass: Kohlrausch exponent, fragility, anharmonicity.
49  Lazaridis-Karplus
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DI (1 time)
GB (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2017 Simple models for nonpolar solvation: Parameterization and testing.
50  LectureKeepr
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
MCQs (1 time)
2018 LectureKeepr: A novel approach to studying in the adaptive curriculum.
51  Leeds-Keio graft
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ACL (1 time)
PT (1 time)
1993 Patellar tendon or Leeds-Keio graft in the surgical treatment of anterior cruciate ligament ruptures. Intermediate results.
52  Leeds-Keio scaffold ligament
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ACL (1 time)
PT (1 time)
1993 The bone-ligament junction: a comparison between biological and artificial ACL reconstruction.
53  Leek
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
FOT (1 time)
MHA (1 time)
1996 The rate of respiratory symptoms among primary school children in two Dutch regions.
54  leg kicking
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
FS (1 time)
2018 Contribution of limbs' actions to the four competitive swimming strokes: a nonlinear approach.
55  leucokinin neuropeptide
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Circadian rhythms in neuronal activity propagate through output circuits.
56  leukaemia
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
EBPI (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2013 Long-term treatment risks in multiple sclerosis: risk knowledge and risk perception in a large cohort of mitoxantrone-treated patients.
57  leukocytes
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ASA (1 time)
LKPL (1 time)
LYM (1 time)
1982 Arylsulfatase A activity and electrophoretic banding patterns from isolated human blood fractions.
58  leukocytosis
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
EL (1 time)
2005 Significance of extreme leukocytosis in the evaluation of febrile children.
59  Leukotrienes
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1995 Challenge interval determines tachyphylaxis to aerosolized LTD4.
60  Leung-hang-khao
(1 time)
Animal Diseases
(1 time)
AMOVA (1 time)
CH (1 time)
DA (1 time)
2018 Genetic diversity analysis of Thai indigenous chickens based on complete sequences of mitochondrial DNA D-loop region.
61  Lewontin and Krakauer
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
MCMC (1 time)
SNPs (1 time)
2010 Detecting selection in population trees: the Lewontin and Krakauer test extended.
62  lidocaine-ketamine
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CRI (1 time)
MAC (1 time)
MLK (1 time)
2011 Effects of constant rate infusion of lidocaine and ketamine, with or without morphine, on isoflurane MAC in horses.
63  lidocaine-ketorolac
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
LP (1 time)
MPP (1 time)
PI (1 time)
2012 Combined perianal-intrarectal (PI) lidocaine-prilocaine (LP) cream and lidocaine-ketorolac gel provide better pain relief than combined PI LP cream and periprostatic nerve block during transrectal prostate biopsy.
64  Lifshitz-Kosevich
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
dHvAE (1 time)
FS (1 time)
2015 Quantum Oscillations without a Fermi Surface and the Anomalous de Haas-van Alphen Effect.
65  Likert
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AUSCAN (1 time)
FIHOA (1 time)
OA (1 time)
2002 Clinimetric properties of the AUSCAN Osteoarthritis Hand Index: an evaluation of reliability, validity and responsiveness.
66  Lillehei-Kaster tilting disk
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
BS (1 time)
SJM (1 time)
1982 [Hemodynamics of the St. Jude Medical aortic prosthesis in comparison to the Bjork-Shiley and Lillehei-Kaster prostheses].
67  lime kiln dust
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BS (1 time)
CL, AL, and FL (1 time)
SBL (1 time)
2007 Revegetation of high zinc and lead tailings with municipal biosolids and lime: greenhouse study.
68  Lin-cKit+
(1 time)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2017 ASXL1 interacts with the cohesin complex to maintain chromatid separation and gene expression for normal hematopoiesis.
69  Lin-Kernighan
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
HeSEA (1 time)
TSP (1 time)
2004 An evolutionary algorithm for large traveling salesman problems.
70  Lin-Kernighan algorithm
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ART (1 time)
TSP (1 time)
2003 Million city traveling salesman problem solution by divide and conquer clustering with adaptive resonance neural networks.
71  Lin-Kernighan heuristic
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
GA (1 time)
LKH (1 time)
TSP (1 time)
2007 Implementation of an effective hybrid GA for large-scale traveling salesman problems.
72  Lin-Sca1-c-Kit+
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
CHD7 (1 time)
SMMHC (1 time)
2017 Chd7 deficiency delays leukemogenesis in mice induced by Cbfb-MYH11.
73  lineage-negative Sca-1⁻c-kit(+)
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
DL (1 time)
2010 HEBAlt enhances the T-cell potential of fetal myeloid-biased precursors.
74  linker domain
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CTD (1 time)
Mi (1 time)
RP (1 time)
2013 Structural characterization of minor ampullate spidroin domains and their distinct roles in fibroin solubility and fiber formation.
75  linker molecule
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
ALN (1 time)
EP4A (1 time)
PGE2 (1 time)
2015 Novel EP4 receptor agonist-bisphosphonate conjugate drug (C1) promotes bone formation and improves vertebral mechanical properties in the ovariectomized rat model of postmenopausal bone loss.
76  liquid konjac
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2015 Effects of liquid konjac on parameters related to obesity in diet-induced obese mice.
77  liver and kidney
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
--- 2003 Incidence of renal and liver rejection and patient survival rate following combined liver and kidney transplantation.
78  liver-kidney
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2009 Simultaneous orthotopic liver-kidney transplantation with hepatic arterial reconstitution in rats.
79  living kidney
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
ABOi (1 time)
HLAi (1 time)
IA (1 time)
2014 How to implement immunoadsorption in a polyvalent dialysis unit: a review.
80  LKKLLKLLKKLLKL
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
EALA (1 time)
2015 Tipping the Scale from Disorder to Alpha-helix: Folding of Amphiphilic Peptides in the Presence of Macroscopic and Molecular Interfaces.
81  local K
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2007 Low-cost evaluation of the exchange Fock matrix from Cholesky and density fitting representations of the electron repulsion integrals.
82  lognormal kriging
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MSPE (1 time)
TCd (1 time)
2003 Comparison of ordinary and lognormal kriging on skewed data of total cadmium in forest soils of Sweden.
83  Lokern
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
MD (1 time)
NW (1 time)
2002 Serologic survey of cattle in the northeastern and north central United States, Virginia, Alaska, and Hawaii for antibodies to Cache Valley and antigenically related viruses (Bunyamwera serogroup virus).
84  Loukui
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
BS (1 time)
HP (1 time)
ML (1 time)
1998 [Differentiation of cryptic species A and D of Anopheles dirus complex by polymerase chain reaction].
85  loving-kindness
(1 time)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
FA (1 time)
OM (1 time)
TM (1 time)
2018 Review of the Neural Oscillations Underlying Meditation.
86  low kafirin
(1 time)
Animal Nutrition Sciences
(1 time)
AID (1 time)
HK (1 time)
SBM (1 time)
2019 Is the kafirin profile capable of modulating the ileal digestibility of amino acids in a soybean meal-sorghum diet fed to pigs?
87  low kallikrein excretion
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
ANF (1 time)
HP (1 time)
NK (1 time)
1991 Relationship between plasma atrial natriuretic factor and urinary kallikrein excretion in essential hypertensives.
88  low ketamine
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
HK (1 time)
2003 Medetomidine-ketamine-butorphanol anesthetic combinations in binturongs (Arctictis binturong).
89  low-K type
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1981 Passive potassium transport in low potassium sheep red cells: dependence upon cell volume and chloride.
90  low-knowledge
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
HK (1 time)
1998 Aging and the effects of knowledge on on-line reading strategies.
91  lower thoracic kyphosis
(1 time)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
GJH (1 time)
LL (1 time)
SS (1 time)
2017 The Influence of the "Straighten Your Back" Command on the Sagittal Spinal Curvatures in Children with Generalized Joint Hypermobility.
92  Lucas & Kanade
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
AAMs (1 time)
FLK (1 time)
IC (1 time)
2013 Fourier Lucas-Kanade algorithm.
93  Lucas-Kanade optical flow
(1 time)
Musculoskeletal Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2014 Hybrid markerless tracking of complex articulated motion in golf swings.
94  luciferase-kinase
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ATP (1 time)
HTS (1 time)
ROCKII (1 time)
2008 Comparison of miniaturized time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer and enzyme-coupled luciferase high-throughput screening assays to discover inhibitors of Rho-kinase II (ROCK-II).
95  Luenghangkhao
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
BL (1 time)
CB (1 time)
CH (1 time)
2014 Population structure of four Thai indigenous chicken breeds.
96  Lukas Klinik
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
CAM (1 time)
QOL (1 time)
2006 Palliative in-patient cancer treatment in an anthroposophic hospital: I. Treatment patterns and compliance with anthroposophic medicine.
97  lumbar kyphosis
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ADS (1 time)
LDS (1 time)
LL (1 time)
2017 Correction of sagittal imbalance in treatment for adult degenerative scoliosis with thoracic lordosis and lumbar kyphosis: A case report.
98  lumbopelvic kinematics
(1 time)
Pain
(1 time)
CLBP (1 time)
FEI (1 time)
IIT (1 time)
2016 Facial Expression Overrides Lumbopelvic Kinematics for Clinical Judgements about Low Back Pain Intensity.
99  lumped kinetic
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2006 Mass transfer kinetics and breakthrough and elution curves for bovine serum albumin using cibacron blue cellulose membranes.
100  lupine kernel
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
CGF-C (1 time)
CGM (1 time)
2019 Digestibility of phosphorous in cereals and co-products for animal feed.